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AREA CLASSIFICATION
Flammable atmosphere
present continuously
>1000hrs/annum

Flammable atmosphere
present intermittently
>10<1000hrs/annum

Flammable atmosphere
present abnormally
<10hrs/annum

Standard

Gas

Zone 0

Zone 1

Zone 2

IEC 60079-10

Dust

Zone 20

Zone 21

Zone 22

IEC 61241-3

NEC 505 Gas

Zone 0

Zone 1

Zone 2

Listed in NEC 505-5

Division 2

Listed in NEC 500-3(c)

Guideline figures

IEC/CENELEC/EUROPE

NORTH AMERICA

NEC 500 Gas & Dust

Division 1

GAS GROUPING
IEC 60079-0
CENELEC
EN50014

North America
NEC Article 500
(Class I)*

IIC

20

HYDROGEN

IIC

20

ETHYLENE

IIB

60

IIA

180

Typical gas
hazard
ACETYLENE

PROPANE
*North American hazard categories:

Class I (Gases & Vapours); Class II (Dusts);

Minimum
ignition energy
(microjoules)

Well defined sources of stored


energy considered in safety analysis

Sources of generated energy not


more than * 1,5V, 100mA & 25mW

Protection concept (IS)


Explosion protected
Certified to the CENELEC standard
Associated apparatus*
* Located in non-hazardous area and may be connected to
hazardous area
**Hazardous-area apparatus

700o

500o

o
T1 450

400o
300o

o
T2 300

200o

o
T3 200
o
T4 135
o
T6 85

100o

ing &
Train n on
atio
educ us area
rdo
ion
haza
entat
m
u
r
t
ins

APPARATUS
TEMPERATURE
CLASSIFICATION
(T CLASS)

oC

600o

IIC T6 CARBON DISULPHIDE 95o


5V in

lica
not tion
Tec es
hn
pap ical
Tex ers
tbo
o
etc ks

Apparatus group
(gas group)

IIB T4 DIETHYL ETHER 160o

piezoelectric crystal
NOT protected components
voltage or current enhancement

App

Temperature
classification**

IIA T1 AMMONIA 630o


IIC T1 HYDROGEN 560o
IIA T1 METHANE 537o
IIA T1 PROPANE 470o
IIB T2 ETHYLENE 425o
IIA T2 BUTANE 372o
IIC T2 ACETYLENE 305o
IIA T3 CYCLOHEXANE 259o
IIA T3 KEROSENE 210o

JB

Passive components

Certification Code
[ E Ex ia ] IIC T4

Class III (Fibres)

SIMPLE APPARATUS

No
ue?
catalog
t
Contac
MTL

Small component relaxation


o
T5 100

20V out

SURFACE AREA

T4 CLASSIFICATION
Surface temperature <275oC
Surface temperature <200oC
Power dissipation < 1,3 W*
at 40oC ambient

<20mm2
>20mm2 <10cm2
>20mm2

*Reduced to 1,2 W with 60oC ambient or 1,0 W with 80oC ambient

*Note: North America still uses 1,2V and 20 microjoules

STANDARDS FOR METHODS OF PROTECTION


Permitted Zone
ATEX category
Code

I
BS

CENELEC
EN

IEC
60079

1
1

Codes of Practice

Remarks

2
3

Explosion prevention & protection-pt. 1

1127-1

Category M1

50303

Mining equipment operated in gas atmosphere

standards

Electrical equipment for dusts (D)

50281-1-1

Enclosure protected - construction and testing

+44 (0) 0208 996 9001

Electrical equipment for dusts (D)

50281-1-2

Enclosure protected - selection, installation & maintenance

for

web site:
bsonline.techindex.co.uk

GROUP II ELECTRICAL APPARATUS for gas atmospheres


Category 1G

50284

General requirements
Oil immersion

Lightning &
surge protection?
consult TELEMATIC

-26

50014

-0

Basic electrical requirements

50015

-6

Protection by gas exclusion - transformers

Pressurised

50016

-2

Protection by gas exclusion - analysers

50017

-5

Protection by gas exclusion - weighing machines

Flameproof

50018

-1

Prevention of propagation of internal explosion - dc motors

Increased safety

50019

-7

Prevention by design - induction motors


Low energy. Safe with two faults - level measurement

Intrinsic safety ia

ia

50020

-11

Intrinsic safety ib

ib

50020

-11

Low energy. Safe with one fault - displays

50039

-25

Considers combination of intrinsically safe apparatus


Protection by gas exclusion - solenoid valves

Encapsulated

50028

-18

Type of protection 'n'

50021

-15

INGRESS
PROTECTION (IP) CODES
(IEC/EN 60529)
NO PROTECTION

NEMA 7 to 10 Hazardous Area Enclosures


NEMA, UL,
Approximate
Abbreviated
& CSA type
IEC/IP
protection
rating
classification
description

NO PROTECTION

IP30

Indoor, from
contact with contents

IP31

Indoor, limited, from


dirt & water

IP64

Outdoor, from rain, sleet,


windblown dust & ice
damage

3R

IP32

Outdoor, from rain, sleet


& ice damage

IP66

Indoor & outdoor, from


windblown dust, rain,
splashing & hose directed
water & ice damage

4X

IP66

Indoor & outdoor, from


corrosion, windblown
dust, rain, splashing & hose
directed water & ice damage

IP67

Indoor & outdoor, from


hose-directed water,
water entry during submersion & ice damage

OBJECTS GREATER THAN 50mm

VERTICALLY DRIPPING WATER

OBJECTS GREATER THAN 12mm

2
3

ANGLED DRIPPING WATER -75 to 90

OBJECTS GREATER THAN 2.5mm

2
3

OBJECTS GREATER THAN 1.0mm

SPLASHED WATER

DUST-PROTECTED

5
6

5
6
7
8

WATER JETS

DUST-TIGHT

Example: IP65
equipment is dust-tight and
protected against water jets

SPRAYED WATER

HEAVY SEAS
EFFECTS OF IMMERSION
INDEFINITE IMMERSION

-10
-14
-17
-19

Data for flammable gases

-20

-10
-14
-17
-19

YPE

FT

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C
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ISIO

IV
BD

US ENCLOSURE RATINGS

SECOND NUMERAL
Protection against liquid

FIRST NUMERAL
Protection against solid bodies

Classification of hazardous areas


Electrical installations
Inspection and maintenance
Repair and overhaul

Permits combined methods of protection

Powder filled

Intrinsically safe systems

Have you
received the
companion
ATEX poster?
Contact your local
MTL office

Basic concepts and methodology. Further sections imminent

STANDARD
IEC BS/EN
60079- 60079-

SUBJECT

12

IP55

Indoor, from dust, falling dirt


& dripping non-corrosive
liquids

13

IP65

Indoor, from dust, spraying


water, oil & non-corrosive
liquids

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