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Technology Challenges Offshore

Anna Aab
President
IRIS research

IRIS research

220 employees including 160 researchers, teaming up with scientific personnel at


UiS to a combined team of 500 scientists

Head office in Stavanger, department in Bergen, subsidiaries in Baku and Moscow.

Unique test and laboratory facilities

We have an HSE philosophy of zero accidents and is certified

90% project financed

Focusing on applied research - commercialization currently 15 companies under


development

Focus areas
Automated drilling
Multiphase Flow in Porous Media - IOR
Risk and monitoring based environmental management
Gas, Sustainable Energy, Carbon Capture and Storage,

Outline
Technology Challenges Offshore

An example from Norway on how to define and solve technology


challenges

Technology examples
Sub sea processing
Automated drilling

Technology Challenges Offshore

Technology challenges

Resources not easily available


Deep waters
Remote Areas
Harsh environmental conditions

Technology needs
Exploration
IOR
Sub sea processing
Multiphase flow
Advanced wells
CO2 handling

A structured approach to technology


development a Norwegian example

The motivation
Petroleum production makes up a third of governmental income in Norway
rlig produksjon av olje og gass (mill Sm3 o.e.)

300

250

200

Long term scenario


150

100

50

Decline scenario

2002

2006

2010

2014

2018

2022

2026

2030

2034

2038

2042

2046

2050

Structuring research and technology efforts


Initiative
Ministry of Oil and Energy

Defining challenges
Industrial cluster

Research Program
Research council of Norway

Participants in the OG21 cluster

OG21 - The technological challenges

Environmental Technology for the future


Exploration and reservoir characterization
Enhanced recovery
IO and real time reservoir management
Cost effective drilling and intervention
Sub sea processing and transport
Deep water and sub sea production technology
Gas technologies

The Research Council is:


a government adviser
identifying pr esent and futur e needs for knowledge and r esear ch, and r ecommending national pr ior ities

a funding agency
for r esear ch pr ogr ammes and independent pr ojects, str ategic pr ogr ammes at r esear ch institutions, and Nor wegian par ticipation in inter national
r esear ch activities. The Resear ch Council has an annual budget of some 5,5 billion NOK (1 billion US $)

a co-ordinator
initiating networ ks and pr omoting co-oper ation between r esear ch institutions, ministr ies, business and industr y, public agencies and enter pr ises, other
sour ces of funding, and user s of r esear ch

PETROMAKS
Goals

Find more oil and gas


Produce more oil and gas
Innovation in supply industry
Efficient and environmental safe operations

Budget 2007: 350 mill NOK 70 mill USD


Project portfolio including industry funding: 400 mill USD

DEMO 2000
User driven demonstration program within the RCN

Operators evaluate, select, co-fund and host field trials


Suppliers/contractors propose and execute pilot projects
Governance

Program board with oil companies, service/supply industry, research


institutes chaired by suppliers
Technical Forum (operators)
Cooperation and interfaces

PETROMAKS and other R&D sources


Industry associations - NI, OLF
International arena (with INTSOK and Innovation Norway)

DEMO 2000 scope

R&D

Pilot

Petromaks / other sources

Use

Market

Does it help??

Petroleum production in Norway


Long-term scenario

Decline scenario

Source: OED

Technology export (Mrd.NOK)


56

60

49

50
40

34

30
20

23

34

27

15

10
0

1995

1999

2003

2006

The Norwegian petroleum industry

An innovative and dynamic industry


Developed since 30-40 years back
Technology based industry
Effective cluster
International network

Technical examples
Breaking new ground offshore
Sub sea processing

Sub sea processing at the Tordis Field


an IOR project

The Tordis field in brief

Located in the North Sea

Estimated recoverable oil 360 mill bbl

Sub sea developed oilfield

Estimated recovery by conventional


sub sea technology 49%

200 m sea depth

Operated by StatoilHydro

Sub sea processing - an IOR project

Separation and re injection of water

Exporting hydrocarbons thorough a


multiphase pump to a nearby oil field

Boosting pumps with sand handling


capacity

Recovery increased from 49% to 55%

Technical examples
Breaking new ground offshore
Automated drilling
Drilltronics
Badger
e-lad
Hole in one producer

Drilltronics
a
step
towards
Development within drilling
From
chains toautomatization
mechanized operation
drilling

A game changing Norwegian innovation


b ased on 20 years of research and
modeling provides safe guards during
the drilling process releasing it from the
weakness of manual control JPT
Octob er 2007

Sponsors: NFR, StatoilHydro, ENI

ELAD
E-Centre Laboratory for Automated Drilling processes

eLADs Operation Centre

eLADs virtual rig

Experimentalist Facilities
Remotely operated
drilling machineries

Well simulator

Rig site, North Sea

Sponsors: Petromaks, StatoilHydro, ConocoPhillips

Badger Explorer
A step change in exploration drilling

Sponsors: Petromaks,StatoilHydro, Shell, Exxon

Hole in One Producer


A step change in exploration drilling

Advantages and Principles

Advatanges
One (large) hole size.

Principles

Drilling by using a tractor type drilling


tool

Significantly reduced flat time

Casing attached to the drilling tool


and pulled forward by the tool

Many and various permanent


downhole sensors.

Extreme long horizontal section


associated with a complex
completion string

The casing is sealed from the


formation borehole using packers (no
cement)

Reduce the effects of kicks.

Minimize formation damage while


drilling.

Summing up
Technology developments required to solve present and future
challenges takes
A systematic approach to define the challenges
Contribution form a broad range of players to solve the challenges
And - its doable