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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Ahadith of Infallibles
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Taqleed and Ijtihad

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Jafarasws said (in a reply to arriving at a best judgement-fatwa):


If you get it right you will get no reward for it, but if you get it wrong
you will have ascribed a lie to Allahazwj.1

Also
Amir-ul-Momineen Aliasws Ibn Abi Talibasws says in the Hadith-e-Tariq2:
How could Allahazwj Make obligatory upon His servants the obedience
of the one who is veiled from the mysteries of the Heavens and the
Earth.

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Al-Kafi, Vol. 1, Wasail ul Shia H. 33185


:) ( :
:
2
Mashariq ul Anwar, pg. 138, Bahrul Muarif, pg. 360, Najul Israr, vol. 1, pg. 109
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Table of Contents
Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad' ............................................................. 2
Chapter One: Summary to the Concepts of Ijtihad and Taqleed............................. 11
Summary: ...................................................................................................................... 12
The First Who Formed an Opinion (Ijtihad) was Iblis:.................................................... 12
The first Ijtihad was based on analogy: ......................................................................... 13
Verse Quoted by Sunnis and Some Shias in Favour of Ijtihad .................................... 13
How Ijtihad was Embraced by the Shias? ..................................................................... 14
Who is a Mujtahid? ........................................................................................................ 14
The Twelve Imami Shias of Today: ............................................................................... 14
What Famous Mujtahids Say about this Hadith of taqleed? .......................................... 15
What Traditionalists Say about the Above Hadith? ....................................................... 15
Who are the Fuqaha?.................................................................................................... 15
Who is a Faqih? ............................................................................................................ 15
Who is a Mujtahid? ........................................................................................................ 16
The Ones Who Issue Fatwa cannot be a Faqih ........................................................... 17
What Masomeenasws Say about the taqleed (of a non-masoom)? ................................. 17
Who Should Shias Consult in Regard to Newly Emerging Issues? ............................... 17
How Important it is to Learn about the Sunnah (The Ahadith)? ..................................... 18
When did Mujtahids Constructed their Own Principles of Islam: ................................... 18
The Islam and the Eman: .............................................................................................. 19
The rewards Come from Eman: .................................................................................... 20
The Appreciable Level of Eman: ................................................................................... 20
The Consequences of Following Man-Made Principles:................................................ 21
Will we Find all the Answers in Ahadith (if we try)? ....................................................... 21

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Where is the Scope of Ijtihad? ...................................................................................... 22


Amir-ul-Momineenasws s Advice to Shiites:.................................................................... 22
Is Fatawa Based on a Hadith: ....................................................................................... 22
Background to the Following Chapters:......................................................................... 23
Chapter Two: Taqleed of Masomeenasws ................................................................... 24
Introduction ................................................................................................................... 25
Taqleed and the Man-Made Faroo-e-Deen: .................................................................. 25
The Holy Prophet Makes Amir-ul-Momineens Taqleed Obligatory: .............................. 26
The whole of religion is based on obligatory Taqleed: .................................................. 26
Mujtahids Make their taqleed Obligatory: ...................................................................... 27
The Difference Between the Ijtihad and Following Ahadith: .......................................... 27
One Becomes Mushriq without Obeying the Masomeenasws: ........................................ 28
Only Submission to Masomeenasws is Obligatory: ......................................................... 28
One Should only Act/Say in Accordance with Ahadith: ................................................. 29
Those Who Take Religion from others Words: ............................................................. 29
The Forbidden taqleed: ................................................................................................. 30
Taqleed of that is Wajib who Receives Revelations: ................................................... 31
How a Mujtahid is Selected by his Follower? ................................................................ 31
Prophet Musaas Could not Select Seventy Pious Devotees! ......................................... 31
An Everlasting Punishment for those who go by Words of Mouth: .............................. 32
Islam was Completed with the Two Weighty Things: .................................................... 33
Holy Prophetsaww Leaves Behind The Two Weighty Things: ......................................... 33
Chapter Three: The Rights of Allahazwj over Hisazwj Servants .................................. 34
The Right of Allahazwj Over Hisazwj servants: .................................................................. 35
The One who acts without Knowledge (gives Fatwa?): ................................................. 35
One Must Act with Knowledge: ..................................................................................... 36
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Acting without Knowledge is Destruction:...................................................................... 36


Do not Follow Religion Blindly: ...................................................................................... 36
Government is only for the Prophetsaww or Imamasws: .................................................... 37
Teachers are Categorised into Three Types: ................................................................ 38
One is Unable to Extract Knowledge through Ijtihad: .................................................... 39
Knowledge only Emanates from the Masomeenasws:..................................................... 39
The One Who Gives a Verdict is Crucified: ................................................................... 39
Fatwa Cannot be Given Unless One is Guided by Allahazwj: ......................................... 41
One Cannot Interpret Verses (but from Ahadith): .......................................................... 42
A Correct Judgement with Firm Knowledge is Accepted: .............................................. 42
Commands are of Two Types: ...................................................................................... 43
Seeking of Knowledge is Mandatory: ............................................................................ 43
Correct Knowledge is in the Ahadith: ............................................................................ 44
Seek Knowledge from Masomeenasws and the People of Ahadith: ................................ 46
Beware of Sitting with those who Use Analogy in Religion: ........................................... 47
Chapter Four: The Book and Its Inheritors ............................................................... 50
The Quran: .................................................................................................................... 51
The Thaqaleen: ............................................................................................................. 51
Aliasws is the Door and Isaww am the City of the Knowledge: ........................................... 52
The Silent and the Speaking Quran: ............................................................................. 52
Who Gives a Wrong Judgement (Fatwa) will be Punished:........................................... 53
Who has the Right of Istinbaat (Interpretation)? ............................................................ 55
Use of Analogy is Forbidden (The derivation of Fatwa)!................................................ 58
No Benefit of Right Fatwa but Punishment for a Wrong One! ....................................... 68
Analogy Should never be Used Even to Support the Truth: .......................................... 68
There is No Room for Opinion in Islam! ........................................................................ 69
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What is the Knowledge:................................................................................................. 70


One Should Seek the Yaqeen Certainty! ..................................................................... 72
One Should not Give His Opinion in Religion! ............................................................... 72
Ones Religion is Worthless without Wilayat: ................................................................ 74
The Correct Knowledge Only Emanates from Ahl Al-Baytasws (Ahadith): ...................... 74
The Knowledge Outside the Book and the Sunnah is Useless: .................................... 74
A Just Order is from One of Three Sources: ................................................................. 75
Iblis Made Use of Analogy in his Judgement: ................................................................ 76
Ones Own Interpretation of the Holy Verses is Forbidden:........................................... 82
Ahadith also Get Abrogated like the Verses of Quran: .................................................. 83
A Clear Proof can only be Presented from Ahadith: ...................................................... 86
The Meanings of between the two covers of the Book ................... 90
The Difference between the Quran and the Furqan: ..................................................... 92
One Should not Interpret One Set Quranic Verses from Others: .................................. 93
Nasabis had also Claimed themselves Faqqi: ............................................................. 94
A Verdict should be a Hadith and not a Fatwa: ............................................................. 95
Quranic Verses Should never be Interpret but Understood by Ahadith: ........................ 96
Inheritors of the Book and the Prophets are only Masomeen asws: ................................. 98
Quranic Verses can only be Understood by Ahadith: .................................................... 99
The One who Thinks that the Book is unclear is Destroyed: ....................................... 101
There is nothing further from the intellects of the men than the explanation of the Quran:
.................................................................................................................................... 101
All Deeds are Rejected in the Taqleed of a Non-masoom:.......................................... 102
An interpreter of a Verse, is further Away from its True Meanings than the distance
between the sky and the earth: ................................................................................... 110
Chapter Five: The Uncertainty and the Confusion ................................................. 114
One Should Abstain Until a Clear Hadith Becomes Available: .................................... 115
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Religious Commands are of Three Types: .................................................................. 116


The Aql, the Knowledge and the Lowly Person: .......................................................... 117
Deeds will not be Accepted without Certainty: ............................................................ 117
Do not Act under Confusion (Wa Allah ho Allam bil Sawab): ...................................... 118
That Who has an Answer (Fatwa) to Every Question is insane! ................................. 120
The most pious is the one who pauses during confusion. .......................................... 121
The Withheld Knowledge: ........................................................................................... 122
What One Should Do upon Faced by the Contradictory Ahadith? .............................. 123
Leave the Doubtful In Favour of Certainty: .................................................................. 124
People Got Destroyed due to Impatience:................................................................... 126
One who intends to be honoured by the people should fear Allahazwj ......................... 127
Everything is allowed until there is a prohibition for it ................................................. 130
Chapter Six: The taqleed and the Shrik................................................................... 132
Taqleed of a non-Masoom is Shrik: ............................................................................. 133
Taqleed of a non-Masoom is Shrik in Ibadah (Worship).............................................. 133
Taqleed is only of a Just Imamasws: ............................................................................. 134
Following a Person in Disobedience to Allahazwj is Shrik: ............................................ 136
Any Other Source Apart of Ahadith is Shrik: ............................................................... 137
For Strong Beliefs One must Learn Quran and Ahadith: ............................................. 140
In Quran Poet is Referred to Those Who Seek Followship: ....................................... 140
Taqleed is only of the Masoom Imamasws: ................................................................... 143
Follow the Book and the Sunnah: ............................................................................... 143
Non-Masoom Leaders and their Followers are Destroyed: ......................................... 143
The Recommended Way of Following Masomeenasws: ............................................... 145
Imamasws Warns Against Becoming an Imam or a Leader:.......................................... 148
One Should Only Follow the Book and the Sunnah: ................................................... 148
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Allahazwj Calls them the Poets who interfer into Religion: ............................................ 149
It Is Obligatory To Refer All Matters to The Holy Infalliblesasws .................................... 152
It is Mandatory to Refer to the Masomeenasws: ............................................................ 153
Those Condemned who Use any Approach Other than Ahadith: ................................ 157
One Should Never Stop Searching which He does not Know: .................................... 157
Who are the Ulemahasws, the Students and the Worthless? ........................................ 158
Saying what is not in a Hadith is an Evil: ..................................................................... 159
All are Obliged to Ask themasws but its not Obligatory on themasws to Reply: ............... 160
Only Ahadith are to be Used in the Support of Haq (Just): ........................................ 160
There is No Religion without Acting on the Ahadith: ................................................... 164
The City of Knowledge and Its Gate: ........................................................................... 166
A Status of a Person is based on His Abilities to Narrate Ahadith: .............................. 166
Allahazwj Praises the Narrators of Ahadith:................................................................... 166
It is Important to Write and Read Ahadith: ................................................................... 168
A Doubter is a Doubter from His Mothers Womb: ...................................................... 171
Who is a Faqih? .......................................................................................................... 172
The Meanings of Fuqaha: ........................................................................................... 173
The Believers Learn from Each Other: ........................................................................ 174
Teach Ahadith to the Young Ones: ............................................................................. 175
Transmitting Ahadith: .................................................................................................. 175
The Virtues of the Muhadith of Our Times:.................................................................. 177
Those Who Give Fatwa: .............................................................................................. 178
The Importance of Narrating Ahadith: ......................................................................... 178
The Status of a Ahadith Narrator: ................................................................................ 179
Make Haste in Learning Ahadith: ................................................................................ 181
Take the Ahadith and leave out Comments/Opinions: ................................................ 182
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Do Not Try to Stand-in for the Divine Imamasws! .......................................................... 183


Chapter Seven: Differences in Ahadith are Due to Taqeeya ............................... 186
Choose An Arbitrator who has more Knowledge of Ahadith:....................................... 187
Ahadith Specific to those who had to Observe Taqeeya: ............................................ 188
One Must Wait until he Finds the Authentic Hadith: .................................................... 189
One Must Act on a Hadith which is Closer to his Time: ............................................... 189
Differences in Ahadith to be Verified by the Quran and Other Ahadith:....................... 190
Ahadith should be Treated the Same Way as Verses of the Quran: ........................... 195
Others Actions are always Contrary to Ahadith of Masomeenasws: ............................. 195
Why One Needs to Act Contrary to the Traditions of Others: ...................................... 196
A True Shia Should only Follows the Ahadith: ............................................................ 196
Disassociate from those who do not Disassociate from theirasws Enemies: ................. 198
One Must Hold Back in Confusing Matters:................................................................. 199
One Can Act on either of the AHadith: ........................................................................ 200
Chapter Eight: Virtues of a Ahadith Narrator .......................................................... 203
Virtues of a Ahadith Narrator: ...................................................................................... 204
Shias are Asked to Consult the Narrators of Ahadith: ................................................. 206
Shias Should take their Disputes to the Narrators of Ahadith: ..................................... 207
The Inheritors of Prophetsaww are the Masomeenasws: ................................................. 207
Virtues of those who Revive Ahadith: .......................................................................... 209
Take Ahadith and Leave out the Opinions: ................................................................. 209
Communication of Ahadith under Hostile Conditions: ................................................. 215
Trustworthy Narrators of Ahadith: ............................................................................... 216
Religion Should not be taken from non-Shias Sources: .............................................. 216
Chapter Nine: Concluding Remarks ........................................................................ 220
Concluding Remarks ................................................................................................... 221
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APPENDIX I: The First Fabricated Hadith on Ijtihad from Sunnis Sources ................ 222
APPENDIX II: Ahadith in the Interpretation of the Verse 9:122 .................................. 223
APPENDIX III: Shia Mujtahids Declare the Only Hadith in Favour of Taqleed as Weak
.................................................................................................................................... 228
APPENDIX IV: Some Other Arguments which are Presented in Favour of Taqleed: .. 229
Further General Pro-taqleed Arguments based on Logic: ........................................... 232
The Solution! ............................................................................................................... 243
Whatever people need is present in Quran and Traditions? ....................................... 243
Where are those traditions which explain Quran and all issues related to us? ............ 244
How Can I find an Answer to a matter, without having to spend enormous time and
effort? .......................................................................................................................... 244
How I can extract the true meanings from a translation? ............................................ 244
What If I was given a wrong reference to a Hadith? .................................................... 245
A Question to those who are in taqleed!...................................................................... 245
APPENDIX V: .............................................................................................................. 246
Hadith on Staying Away from Those who Use Analogy: ............................................. 246
Who will be the Successful Ones in the Hereafter? .................................................... 246
Obligatory Taqleed ...................................................................................................... 247
Forbidden Taqleed ...................................................................................................... 247
The Two Weighty Things ............................................................................................. 248
Course Of Action ......................................................................................................... 248
(1)

The newly occurring Issues. ...................................................................... 248

(2)

Seeking of knowledge is obligatory. .......................................................... 249

(3)

When a blind leads a blind: ....................................................................... 249

(4)

Narrate Hadeeth amongst yourselves for they will give you salvation ....... 249

(5)

The specialist phobia: ................................................................................ 250

(6)

Ones should Strive Hard to Act on the Divine Commands: ............... 250

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Chapter One: Summary to the Concepts of Ijtihad and


Taqleed

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Summary:
The term Ijtihad, according to the Arabic dictionary, is derived from `juhd, which means
employment of an effort or endeavour in performing a certain activity. The principles of
ijtihad in accordance with Sunni as well as Shia school of thoughts, put together, are:
the Book, the Sunnah, Ijma` (consensus), `Aql (reason), Qiyas (analogy), and so on.3
Ijtihad (to strive) in religion has been used by Sunni Muslims for a very long time, from
the era of Holy Prophet Mohammedsaww until today. During this period, this technique4
which facilitates one to form an opinion and issue a decree (fatawa), was completely
rejected and disliked by the twelve successors of the Holy Prophetsaww, specially, when
it was practised, out of necessity, by the Sunni Muslims.
The companions of the Holy Prophetsaww started making use of it soon after taking into
their hands the reign of Government in order to justify some of their unIslamic actions,
but later on it was extensively used by the imams of Ahly e Sunnah (Sunni) not only to
issue Fatwas to public but also to support and cover up the mistakes of the rulers who
started distorting the true picture of Islam. At the same time, Ahl al-Baytasws (The Divine
Imamsasws) declared Ijtihad, as an evil concept, which was used by evil spirits to gather
support to refute Divine Commands, the first one who used Ijtihad was Iblis, (7:12)5 as
per from the following Hadith:

The First Who Formed an Opinion (Ijtihad) was Iblis:


:
: : : ! :


Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Abd Allah al-Aqili from Isa ibn Abd Allah alQurashi who has said the following:

Once, abu Hanifa came to see Imam Abu Abd Allahasws who said to abu Hanifa, O abu
Hanifa, do you practice analogy6 as I hear you do? Abu Hanifa replied, Yes, I do
practice analogy. The Imamasws then said to him, Do not practice it; the first person
who used analogy was Iblis when he said, Lord, you have created me from fire and
created him from clay. He analogised fire with clay. If he had compared the light
in Adamas and light of the fire, he would have learned about the difference between
the two lights and the excellence of one over the other.7

http://www.al-islam.org/al-tawhid/ijtihad/
Derivation of religious command through man-vevised methods, i.e., Istimbat (reasoning), logic,
5
(7:12) He said: What hindered you so that you did not prostrate when I commanded you? He
said: I am better than he: Thou hast created me of fire, while him Thou didst create of dust.
6
Comparitive/similarity/likeness/resemblance
7
Al-Kafi, Vol. 1, - H 176, Ch. 19, h20
4

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The first Ijtihad was based on analogy:


The first Ijtihadasws was based on analogy and its foundation was laid down by the Iblisla,
since then it was used by the enemies of Allah azwj. The Sunnis version of Ijtihad is
based on a fabricated Hadith of Amr ibn al-As (a well known enemy of Ahl Al-Baytasws),
He fabricated a hadith that Prophetsaww said: When a judge gives a decision by
Ijtihad and gets it right, there are two rewards for him; and if he gave a
Judgement by Ijtihad but erred, there is one reward for him.8 Basically, a wrong
result of an Ijtihad (hardwork/effort) will earn one a single reward whereas a correct
result will get him two rewards, See Appendix I for the Arabic text of the reference and
another similar fabricated hadith in the favour of Ijtihad.
The above fabricated hadith has been criticised by the Ahl al-Baytasws, as shown clearly
by, Amir-ul-Momineenaswss comments:
.
.
From this Ummah, what I have seen from its liars and hypocrites Of course I can
see those reciters who are weak and are Mujtahids have narrated his (Amr Bin Al
Aass) Hadith and confirm him and present his lies as arguments in opposition to us
- the Ahl Al-Baytasws.9
Also Holy Imam Muhammad Al-Baqirasws has said:
: ) ( :
. :
And from Ibn Mahboub or another, from Mathni Al Hanaat, from Abu Baseer who said:

I said to Abu Jafarasws: Matters get referred to us whose existence we do not find in the
Book and the Sunnah, we speak on them by opinion. Imam asws said: If you get it right
you will get no reward for it, and if you make a mistake you will have forged a lie
against Allahazwj.10

Verse Quoted by Sunnis and Some Shias in Favour of Ijtihad






}211{

And the believers should not all go out to fight. Of every troop of them, a party
only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may gain sound knowledge in
8

Sahih Muslim B18 H 4261


Kitab Sulaym Bin Qays Al Hilali H 22
10
Wasail ul Shia, H. 33185
9

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religion, and that they may warn their folk when they return to them, so that they
may beware.
From the above Verse the words Nafr min kulla Firqatin (a party only should go forth
and Layatafaqqahu (understanding of the religion) are taken in order to justify the role
of the Faqih to become a specialist. Three Ahaidht in the tafseer (interpretation) of
the Verse 9:122 are included in the Appendix II, from those Ahadith there is no way one
could imply the Verse 9:122 would support the use of Ijtihad and taqleed. We will look
at the meanings of the word Faqih from Ahadith in the following paragraphs.

How Ijtihad was Embraced by the Shias?


Sunni Muslims continued to practice Ijtihad after the Holy Prophetsaww but Ahl AlBaytasws persistantly rejected it as can be found in several of theirasws traditions,
however, after the Grand Occultation of Imam-e-Zamanajfj, power greedy and fame
hungry Shias scholars tried to reinvent what the Sunnis had done before, by replicating
and redefining the same term Ijtihad but slightly modifying its scope and definition and
declaring it as permissible if Ijtihad is based on Aql unlike that of Sunnis which, they
blamed, was based on Zan (guess)11. However, still justifying it with the same Hadith
of Amr ibn al-As, see for example, M Muhammadi Rayshahri book, who has compiled
over 8,000 Ahadith in 2009 has quoted Amr ibn al-Ass Hadith in favour of Ijtihad12.

Who is a Mujtahid?
The person who practices Ijtihad in the derivation of a decree (Fatwa) is called the
Mujtahid, the first one, as per the Hadith presented earlier, was the Iblis, who thought
his speciation, which was made out of fire, was superior than that of Prophet Adam as.
Those who follow a Mujtahid are called the Muqallideen or in the Taqleed of a
Mujtahid. Now we move to our main topic Taqleed which is obsereved by most of the
Twelve Imami Shites, living today, all around the Globe.

The Twelve Imami Shias of Today:


There are two major sects of 12 Imami Shites, (1) Those who are in taqleed of a
Mujtahid (follow Fatwa of Mujtahid); (2) Those who follow the Ahadith of Masomeen asws.
Both 12 Imami sects are recognised with many names, i.e., (1) Unorthodox, rationalist,
Usooli, (2) Orthodox, traditionalist, Akhbari. Before the emegence of the (1), all Shias
used to belong to Orthodox (2) group from the time of the Prophet asws of Islam until the
time of the minor Occultation of Imam-e-Zamanajfj but after the Grand Occultation,
based on the new Shia definition of Ijtihad a Shia version of Ijtihad was devised by
some Shia scholars which gradually grew and developed to the Unorthodox sect (1) of
11

How Shias embraced Ijtihad, see for example: http://www.al-islam.org/al-tawhid/ijtihad/ also see
http://www.al-islam.org/al-serat/ijtihad.htm
12
The Scale of Wisdom, ISBN 978-1-904063-34-6 (hbk), Published by ICAS Press, 133 High Road,
Willesden, London NW10 2SW.
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present time. An additional Hadith, which was used at that time or is still used to justify
the taqleed besides the one from Amr Bin Al Aass, is the Khabar-e-Wahid (single
source) as given below:
.
[]
Imam Hassan al-Askariasws said: Whoever from among the al-Fuqaha safeguards
himself, is protective of his religion, opposes his temptations, is obedient to his Masters
commands, then the common people must do his taqleed (emulate), and this is only
applicable to some of the Shia Fuqaha.13

What Famous Mujtahids Say about this Hadith of taqleed?


Strangely enough, the above Hadith is not considered to be a proof of taqleed by most
of the Mujtahids, including the two of the most famous Shia Mujtahids of recent time,
Agha Khui and Agha Khumanie, see Appendix III.

What Traditionalists Say about the Above Hadith?


The Traditionalists who adhere to the Taqleed of Masomeen asws, do not dare to reject
any Hadith without proving it to be against the Book and Sunnah, instead they, as per
instructions of Masomeenasws either return it back to the Masomeenasws or, if possible,
try to understand it from the Ahadith of Masomeen asws. In the above Hadith, the most
important word is Fuqaha, let us see who is meant by Fuqaha according to the
Masomeenasws:

Who are the Fuqaha?


:
. : : : )(
And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Falan Al Rafiqi, who narrates:

My cousin brother who was a pious man (reports), Abu Al-Hassanasws said to him: Go
ponder and seek the Ahadith. I said, From whom? He asws said: From the Fuqaha
(Ahadith narrators) of Medina, then present to me the Ahadith.14

Who is a Faqih?
( )
(
. : )
13

-21 88 1 ;
pg. 931
14
Wasail ul Shia, H. 33278
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122

158

also The Scale of Wisdom,

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Muhammad Bin Muhammad Al Numan Al Mufeed in Al Ikhtisaas from Jafar Bin Muhammad Bin
Qulawayh, from Al Husain Bin Muhammad Bin Aamir, from Maaly Ibn Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin
Jamhour, from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Abu Najraan, from a companions of his, with a chain up to Abu Abd
asws
Allah :

Abu Abd Allahasws said: One who memorises from ourasws Ahadith, forty Ahadith,
Allahazwj will Send him on the Day of Judgement as a Faqih, a knowledgeable
one.15
: ) ( :
.
And by the above chain: The Rasool Allahsaww said: One who from mysaww community
memorises forty Ahadith, benefits the people by them, Allahazwj will Send him on the Day
of Judgement as a Faqih, a knowledgeable one.16
:) ( :
:
. : :
And from Muhammad Bin Saeed Al Kashy, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Hamaad Al Maruzy Al
asws
Mahmoudy, with a chain going up to Al Sadiq , said:

Recognise the status of ourasws Shiites in accordance with how many good narrations
they relate from usasws, for we do not consider the Faqih from them to be a Faqih
unless they are narrators of Ahadith. It was said to him asws, Is a believer a narrator of
Ahadith?
Heasws said: He is an understanding one; and the understanding one is a narrator of
Ahadith.17
Hence from above Ahadith, it is clear that a Faqih will be that who narrates the
Ahadith of Masomeenasws and not the one who practices Ijtihad. The one who
issues fatwa based on Ijtihad is called a Mujtahid.

Who is a Mujtahid?
Can we call a Mujtahid a Faqih, of course not? From the Ahadith of Masomeen asws we
would like to see the word Mujtahid where and in which meanings it has been used:

Amir-ul-Momineenasws says: A scholar is better than 1,000 Abid (worshipers), who is
better than 1,000 Zahid18 and a Zahid is better than 1,000 Mujtahid.19

15

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33293


Wasail ul Shia, H. 33299
17
Wasail ul Shia, H. 33453
18
Who abstain from committing sins
19
461
; 14 115
16

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

In addition, Amir-ul-Momineenasws, Ali ibn Abi Talibasws has used it in the meanings of
the striving and hardworking20. But in another Hadith, while explaining the meanings of
the Verses: Hostile working, feels the heat of the hot fire (88:3-4)
Imam Abu Abd Allahasws says:






Everyone who is hostile to Aimmahasws and yet is a Mujtahid (works hard) his
deeds scatter like dust.21
So anyone working hard on a mission has been clasified as a Mujtahid in the Ahadith
of Ahl Al-Baytasws regardless of the purpose of his struggle that could be for a noble or
an evil cause.

The Ones Who Issue Fatwa cannot be a Faqih


Briefly, from the principles of Ijtihad, a fatwa is issued in the absence of a Hadith related
to an Islamic issue, so all those who issue a fatwa cannot be classified as a true Faqih,
since they attempt to extract the meanings of Islamic rulings while employing the manmade system of Ijtihad, which consist of, as stated before, the Book, the Sunnah,
Ijma (consensus), Aql (reason), Qiyas (analogy), whereas a Faqih will never use
such tools other than what the Holy Prophetsaww had left behind, the Book and the
Sunnah.

What Masomeenasws Say about the taqleed (of a non-masoom)?







The Holy Imam Jafar Al-Sadiqasws said: You and taqleed? Whosoever adorns this in
religion is destroyed. Surely, Allahazwj has Said: They took their Rabbis and Monks
as their Lords besides Allah (9:31), No, by Allahazwj! They did no pray nor fast but
they made permissible which was forbidden to them and made the forbidden
permissible. They emulated (did taqleed) of them in this and obeyed them and they did
not recognise (that they have worshiped them).22

Who Should Shias Consult in Regard to Newly Emerging Issues?


Imam-e-Zamanajfj has told to his representative in a letter, as quoted by al-Tabarsi, in
his book Al-Ihtijaj al-Tabarsi:

20

65 : ..... 65 8
102 : ..... 121 8
22
Tasheeh Ul Itiqaad Sheykh Al-Mufeed, pg. 72.
21

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Mohammed ibn Mohammed ibn Asim, from Mohammed ibn Yaqoob, who from Ishaq ibn Yaqoob who
said the following:

Tradition from Imam Al-Mahdiasws in a reply to Ishaq ibn Yaqub: As far as newly
occurring circumstances are concerned, you should refer to the narrators of our
Ahadith, for they are my proof over you and Iasws am Allahazwjs Proof.23

How Important it is to Learn about the Sunnah (The Ahadith)?



:
.
A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from abu
Ismail Ibrahim ibn Ishaq al-Azdi from abu Uthman al-Abdi from Jafar from his ancestors from Amir alMuminin Ali, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following:

The Rasool Allahsaww has said: There are no words without action, there are no words
or actions without intention and there are no words, actions and intentions without
learning the Sunnah.24

When did Mujtahids Constructed their Own Principles of Islam:


It was embraced after the Ghaibat-e-Qubra (Grand Occultation) of Imam-e-Zamanajfj,
when it was not possible to have a direct contact with the Imam (physical or via
correspondance)25. It was not only necessary to redefine the meanings of Ijtihad but
also to redig and reconstruct the foundation of Islam for the justification of Shia Ijtihad in
order to institutionalise the system of taqleed of a non-masoom person.
In the following Hadith, the Holy Imamasws has, in fact, given out a different set of
Principles, which are closer to the Ahly e Sunnah but are considered as Farroo-eDeen (peripheral issues) by the Shia Mujtahids:

: :

Abu Ali al-Ashari has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Kufi from Abbas ibn Amir from Aban ibn Uthman
from Fudayl ibn Yasar from Abu Jafar, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following:

Abu Jafarasws, recipient of divine supreme covenant, has said: Islam is based on five
principles. They are: Prayer, al-Zakat (charity), Fasting, Hajj and al-Wilayah. The
23

Ahtijaj al-Tabrisi, Vol. 2, pg. 469.


Al-Kafi, Vol. 1, H 207, Ch. 22, h9
25
As was possible during the Ghaibat-e-Sughara (Minor Occultation).
24

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call to none of the other principles has been as emphatic as it has been to alWilayah. People accepted the other four but they left aside this i.e. al-Wilayah.26
By redefining and reshaping the Divine Commands (carving Usools and Faroos), a new
Shia-Ijtihad system was constructed by some Shia mullahs soon after the Grand
Occulation of the 12th Imamajfj, which met with severe resistance from all Shias among
the public as well as learned. Those days the word Ijtihad was only used by Sunnis
and was considered to be a forbidden concept27 among the followers of Ahl Al-Baytasws
and Shia used to narrate Ahadith and act upon religion by taking Ahadith of the Infallible
Imamsasws.
The first Shia-Mujtahid who came forward, by amending the Sunni-Ijtihad (first
formulated by Shafaii), was Ibn-e-Junaid.28 Subsequent to receiving stern resistance
but Shia-Ijtiahd was gradually accepted and its adoption served the purpose of
bringing Shias closer to Sunnis system. That is how Sunni-Ijtihad became Shia! It then
became the norm to criticise Sunnis beliefs but to emulate them in Ijtihad and get a firm
grip on the possibility of introducing ones own judgement on those aspects of religion
which were fully covered and extensively discussed in both the Book and the Ahadith of
Ahl al-Baytasws. Hence, Shia Ijtihad was incepted, which after strong opposition found its
way into the main stream twelve-Imami Shia community, as it is found in its present
form. In the taqleed books of Mujtahids, taqleed is offered on the Usool-e-Deen
(Principles of religion: Salat, Zikaat.) but by declaring those as Faroo-e-Deen
(brances of religion) while eliminating the most important and the soul of the principles:
al-Wilayah!
A purely man-made system replacing a Divine system, where a Muqallid (follower of a
Mujtahid) does not know the source of a fatwa and the Mujtahid is never ever sure of his
judgement (as he writes Wallallah ho Alim bil sawab29, hence, the consequences of a
blind following a blind!

The Islam and the Eman:










Ali ibn Ibrahim ahs narrated from his father form ibn abu Umayr from al-Hakam ibn Ayman, from al-Qasim
al-Sayrafi associate of al-Mufaddal who has said the following:

26

Al-Kafi Vol. 1, H 1480, CH 10, h 3


asws,
As per many Ahadith of Masomeen
see for example chapter 18-20 Al-Kafi, Vol. 1 (Arabic, Urdu
Usool al-Kafi, Vol. 1)
28
See for example the book of Syed Mohammed Baqir Musawi Khawansari Rozat-ul-Jannat fee Ahwal
al-Ulemah wa Sadaat where all details of the evolution of Shia Ijtihad are given.
29
azwj
That is my best guess but Allah
Know the best.
27

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I heard Abu Abd Allahasws saying, Islam is to spare lives, protect the trust and make
the marriage lawful, but reward comes from the Eman30.31

The rewards Come from Eman:


In several Ahadith of Masomeenasws 32, Eman is defined as an integral and total entity in
order to receive Rewards from Allahazwj after recognising principles of Islam by the
heart, expressing by the tongue and enacting by the body parts. So there are neither
branches nor main body (Froo and Usool, as defined in the man-made system of Ijtihad)
but rewards are for someones total commitment involving soul, tongue and the body
limbs. We present, among other many Ahadith33, the following Hadith:





Hamza ibn Mohammed ibn Ahmad ibn Jafar ibn Mohammed ibn Zayd ibn Ali ibn Al-Hussain ibn Ali ibn
Abi Talib in Qum narrated that Abul Hassan Ali ibn Mohammed al-Bazzar quoted on the authority of Abu
asws
asws
Ahmad Dawood ibn Soleiman al-Qadhi, on the authority of Ali
ibn Musa Al-Reza
, on the authority
asws
asws
asws
asws
asws
asws
of his
father Musa
ibn Jafar
, on the authority of his
father Jafar
ibn Mohammed
, on
asws
asws
asws
asws
asws
the authority of his
father Mohammed
ibn Ali
, on the authority of Ali
ibn Al-Hussain
, on
asws
asws
asws
asws
the authority of his
father Al-Hussain
ibn Ali
, on the authority of his father Ali
ibn Abi
asws

Talib

saww

, that Prophet of Allah

said: Eman

tongue and enacting by the body parts.

is recognition by the heart, expression by the

34

The Appreciable Level of Eman:



















Ali ibn Mohammed has narrated from certain person of our people from al-Khashshab, who from al-Abbas
ibn Amir from Rabi al-Musalli, who from Yahya ibn Zakariaya al-Ansari who has said the following:

30
31

33
34

Al-Kafi, Vol. 2, 11 1
The faith/belief
32
.;. 450
.;. 125

...;.. 46
; 112 : ..... 112

;258 : ..... 252 2 ;200


)(
-11 115 2 ) ; (42 : ..... 10
)(
-42 18 1 ) ;(
See more Ahadith in Al-Kafi, Vol. 1, Ch. Islam and Eman.
118 : 2 : ()

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Whoever loves to have a complete Eman35 must say:
Everything that I say is from the family of Mohammedasws, whether theyasws kept it
secret or made it public, whether it has reached me from themasws or it has not
reached me.36

The Consequences of Following Man-Made Principles:



:
:


Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Ashari has narrated from Mualla ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali alWashsha and a number of our people from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal all from Asim ibn
Humayd from Muhammad ibn Muslim from Abu Jafar , recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has
said the following:

Imam Aliasws, recipient of divine supreme covenant, in one of his sermons has said, O
people, mischief begins with following certain desires and obeying certain manmade rules that are different from the rules and laws of the book of Allah. In such
a case, people yield to other people as a higher authority. If falsehood had been
clear it remained so to the people of Intelligence. If truth had been clearly distinct
differences would not emerge. But (in practical life) people mix certain parts of truth with
a few things from falsehood and present them together. In such case Satan overwhelms
his friends and only those who have previously received protection from Allah azwj remain
safe.37

Will we Find all the Answers in Ahadith (if we try)?


: :

Ali has narrated from Muhammad ibn Isa from Yunus from Hammad from Abu Abd Allah, recipient of
divine supreme covenant, who has said the following:

I heard the Imamasws saying, There is nothing but it is in the Book and the
Sunnah.38

35

Faith, belief
Al-Kafi, Vol. 1, H. 1013, Ch. 95, h, 6
37
Al Kafi, Vol. 1, H 157, Ch. 19, h1
38
Al Kafi, Vol. 1, H 182, Ch. 20, h4
36

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Where is the Scope of Ijtihad?


:
:
: :
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn Isa ibn Ubayd from Yunus from Hariz from Zurara who
has said the following:

Once I asked Imam Abu Abd Allahasws, recipient of divine supreme covenant, about
lawful and unlawful matters and he said, Whatever the Holy Prophetsaww, recipient of
divine supreme covenant, has made lawful will remain lawful forever until the Day
of Judgement and whatever he has made unlawful will remain unlawful forever
until the Day of Judgement. There will be no one other than him and there will come
no one other than him. He said that Imam Aliasws has said, No one has established any
innovation (heresy) without abandoning an established noble tradition (of Rasool
Allahsaww).39

Amir-ul-Momineenasws s Advice to Shiites:


: ( )


.
Message of Amir-ul-Momineenasws:
O group of our Shiites and the claimants to be those that love usasws, beware of the
people of opinion for they are the enemies of the Sunnah. Ahadith have run away
from their memories and they have no intention of protecting the Sunnah. They have
taken the servants of Allahazwj as their followers and their wealth to be their own
riches. After having witnessed this, a lot of people have become obedient to them
just like dogs. They have snatched away the rights from the rightful people and
have become like the true Imams and they are from the ignorant ones and the
unbelievers and the accursed. When they are asked about something they dont know
about, they do not admit their ignorance, but make use of opinion and go astray and
lead others astray.40

Is Fatawa Based on a Hadith:


First of all a Fatwa is not a Hadith, it is rather someones judgement/conclusion, if we
assume its origin is from Hadith then there is no room for the Ijtihad, as Ijtihad is carried
out when there are no clear instructions found from the Book and the Sunnah 41. Since,
one can find a Fatwa on almost all aspects of the religious issues, and Mujtahids do not
39

A-Kafi, Vol. 1, H 175, Ch. 19, h19


asws
Tafseer Imam Hassan Al Askari
H 26
41
As per the principles of Ijtihad.
40

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

narrate Ahadith which would mean that there is not a single clear Divine Message and
all of it is ambigious (nouzobillah). One, however, may say that Fatwa is in fact a Hadith
expressed in ones own words but from the Hadith below this is also forbidden as
replacing a Masoomaswss name by ones own name is not only unethical but also
forbidden, the following Hadith clearly negates this:
( :
! : : : )
.
And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Abu Bakr Al Hazramy, from Al Hajjaaj Bin
Al Sabaah who said:

I said to Abu Jafarasws, I narrate from youasws a Hadith. Some of us say Our words are
theirasws words. Heasws said: What do you want? Do you intend to be Imams to be
followed? One who refers the words to usasws is safe.42







It is narrated through the same (previous) chain of narrators from Mohammed ibn Ali in a Marfu manner
from Abu Abd Allah the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Beware of the branched-out lies. They asked the Imamasws,
What are the branched-out lies? The Imamasws replied: It is when you narrate a Hadith
of an Imamasws without mentioning the Imamaswss name.43

Background to the Following Chapters:


With this summary, we present a comprehesive collection of Ahadith of Masomeen asws,
on the topic of Ijtihad and taqleed, as collected by Hurr al-Amli in Wasail-ul-Shia (Vol.
27) in the following chapters. Some other agruments in favour of taqleed (where some
Ahadith are cited), which basically either have no narrators or are taken from the
sources of Ahly e Sunnah are also presented, by some of the desparate defendants of
Ijtihad and taqleed supporters, refutation to those along with replies to some logic based
myths in the support of Ijtihad are given in Appendix IV.

42
43

Wasaail ul Shia Vol 27, H 33400


Usool-e-Kafi, Vol. 1, Chapter 17, Hadith 12

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Chapter Two: Taqleed of Masomeenasws

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Introduction
In this chapter we will start with some background information on Taqleed, in the
light of Ahadith of Masomeenasws and how its another version taqleed44, which we
hear, now a days, was propagated and is practised by a large number of twelve
Imami Shias.

Taqleed and the Man-Made Faroo-e-Deen:


The word Taqleed has been derived from Qalaadah. The linguistic meaning of
Qalaadah is the collar that an animal wears around its neck. The meanings of
Taqleed are to submit to someone without any choice of disagreement, like an
animal would do to his master. The one who wears this collar around his neck is
termed as the Muqallid and the master is called the Mujtahid.
The Muqallid, who chooses his/her Mujtahid,45 places the leash around his own neck
and goes in whichever direction his master takes him. Hence, it becomes
compulsory for a person, who is under the taqleed of a Mujtahid, to lead his entire life
as per instructions of his Mujtahid, usually available in Mujtahids Rasala (Touzi ul
Masail). In Shiaisms science of Ijtihad, the whole of the religion has been divided
into the Usool-e-Deen (Principles of Religion) and the Faroo-e-Deen (Branches of
Religion).
The taqleed of a Mujtahid has been made compulsory on the later branch, the Faroo
(i.e., Salat, Zakaat, Soam, Hajj,..), in order to legitimate the Shia version of Ijthihad
(based on Aql and not Qias-the Sunni version).
However, this man-made
classification of religious acts directly conflicts with the Ahadith of Masomeenasws
where their Faroo (Salat, Zakaat, Soam, Hajj) are considered to be the Principles of
the Religion (Usool-e-Deen):

: :

Abu Ali al-Ashari has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Kufi from Abbas ibn Amir from Aban ibn
Uthman from Fudayl ibn Yasar from abu Jafar, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said
asws
the following: Abu Ja'far
, recipient of divine supreme covenant, has said: Islam is

based on five principles. They are: Salat, al-Zakaat, Fasting, Hajj and alWilayah. The call to none of the other principles has been as emphatic as it
has been to al-Wilayah. People accepted the other four but they left aside this
i.e. Al-Wilayah.46

44

asws

Following a non-masoom person, please note upper case Taqleed for a Masoom
and lower
case taqleed for a non-masoom.
45
as
Prophet Musa s choice of 70 pious ones to talk to Allah on the Mountain of Sinai turned out to be
hyprocrites, see for example Uyun Akhbar al-Reza, Vol. 1, pg. 372 and ( )vol. 2, pg. 461, Ch.
43 . What chances a Mullid has to select someone who is quite remote as his religious guide?
46
Al-Kafi Vol. 1, H 1480, CH 10, h 3
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From both Ahadith and Shia Ijtihad point of view, the concept of Taqleed/taqleed
which covers all our deeds, from acts of worships to the Hallal and the Harram 47
we face in our lives, are to be undertaken and fulfilled under strict code of religious
instructions and one has no option to modify or challenge those commands. This
leads to the obligatory Submission, which in other words is the Bayt, where one
submits himself/herself to a Divinely appointed Authorityasws. It is strange that a
Muqallid has the option to dump his Mujtahid but cannot refute his fatwa, so the
situation from Mujtahid point of view, becomes like, take it or leave it. However, from
Ahadith, Taqleed of an Infallible Imamasws is compulsory and one has no option but to
submit to the Divine Commands, as issued by an Imam asws unless one is determined
to follow the footsteps of nonbelievers, i.e., Abu Jahal!

The Holy Prophet Makes Amir-ul-Momineens Taqleed Obligatory:




The Holy Prophetsaww said (in hissaww Sermon of Ghadir): And he is my brother Aliasws
Ibn Abi Talibasws and heasws is among you of the same status as Isaww am, so do
hisasws Taqleed in your religion and obey him in all your affairs.48

The whole of religion is based on obligatory Taqleed:


All our religion is based on total submission as per Divine Commands, i.e.,










O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority
from among you; then if you quarrel about anything, refer it to Allah and the
Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the last day; this is better and very good
in the end (4:59).
: :
:
It is narrated from Mualla ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali who has said that Hammad ibn
Uthman narrated to us from Bashir al-Attar who has said the following:

I heard Imam Abu Abd Allahasws saying, We are the people, obedience to whom
is obligatory by the Command of Allahazwj, and the obligation of following

47

The allowed and the forbidden


48
-26 212 44 ] ; 15[ 124 42
-15 641
; 218 2 ;
; 560
; 646 : ..... 616
;
-11 155 2 :560 .....

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Aimmahasws do not cease because of peoples ignorance and not knowing


themasws.49

Mujtahids Make their taqleed50 Obligatory:


Generally, the Mujtahids say: Al-amal bidoon taqleed batil, which translates to Acts
without taqleed are void. It is best to do taqleed and follow a mujtahid, If one dies
without taqleed, then it is doubtful if ones whole lifes acts of worship will be
accepted. Wallahu Alam - And Allahazwj Knows best- There are several references,
in most of the Rasala, Touzi al Masail51.
There are, however, no proofs given from the Book and the Ahadith in their Touzi al
Masail with the exception of the logic that one needs to go to a specialist and we are
the specialist of the religion, i.e., for the treatment of hair loss, one should consult a
doctor rather then trying to become a doctor himself. As we will see later (Ahadith)
the experts of religion are the Masomeenasws, who should be followed under all
circumstances otherwise ones deeds are worthless, but during the Grand
Occultation of Imam-e-Zamanajfj, one has to consult those who narrate the Ahadith of
Masomeenasws, so one will still be submitted to the Ahadith of Ahl al-Baytasws.










Ali ibn Mohammed has narrated from certain person of our people from al-Khashshab, who from alAbbas ibn Amir from Rabi al-Musalli, who from Yahya ibn Zakariaya al-Ansari who has said the
following:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Whoever loves to have a complete Eman52 must say:
Everything that I say is from the family of Mohammedasws, whatever they kept
secret or made public, whatever has reached me from them and that what has
not reached me.53

The Difference Between the Ijtihad and Following Ahadith:


As per Shia Ijtihad, none of the deeds will be accepted without the taqleed of a nonmasoom Mujtahid, however, on the contrary, the Divine Message is: if one does not
do the Taqleed of the Holy Infalliblesasws, his/her deeds will be rejected.


49

Al-Kafi, Vol. 1 - H 476, Ch. 8, h3


Following a non-masoom person
51
See, for example, Articles of Islamic Acts, Al-Khoei Foundation, ISBN 0-941724-21-2), Pages, 1-5,
52
Faith, belief
53
Al-Kafi, Vol. 1, H. 1013, Ch. 95, h, 6
50

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, and do not make your
deeds of no effect (47:33).
( )
. : - : It has been narrated from a number of our companions from Ahmad Bin Muhammad from Ibn Sinan
asws
from Ibn Maskaan from Sadeer from Abu Jafar
who said in a Hadith:

People have been ordered three things recognising the Imamsasws, and
submitting to them and referring to them in everything that they differ in.54

One Becomes Mushriq without Obeying the Masomeenasws:


: ( )
:

It is narrated from Yunus from Dawood Bin Farqad from Hisan Al amaal from Ameer from Abu
asws
Abdullah
that:

The affairs of the people are on recognising usasws and referring to usasws and
accepting usasws. Then heasws said: And if they were to observe fast and pray and
bear witness that there is no god but Allahazwj, and if they have it in their hearts
that they will not refer to usasws, then they will be among the Mushraqeen
(polytheists).55

Only Submission to Masomeenasws is Obligatory:


:
:


Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Salih ibn al-Sindi from Ja'far ibn Bashir from abu Salama who has
said the following:

I heard Imam Abu Abd Allahasws say, We are the ones obedience to who is
obligatory by the Commands of Allahazwj. People have no other choice except
to recognise usasws. They will not be excused for not recognising usasws. Those who
recognise usasws are the true believers and those who refuse to acknowledge ourasws
Divine Authority are unbelievers. Those who do not recognise usasws and do not
reject usasws are straying and lost until they return to guidance and affirm the

54
55

Wasail ul Shia H. 33216


Wasail ul Shia H. 33221

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fact that Allahazwj has made obedience to usasws obligatory. However, if they die
in their straying condition Allahazwj will deal with them the way Heazwj would will.56

One Should only Act/Say in Accordance with Ahadith:


Here, we present two Ahadith where Masomeen asws clearly instruct us to act upon
their Ahadith or/and abstain from making comments in the matter of religion.
: - - ) (

And it is reported from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Hisaan Abu Ali from Abu
asws
Abd Allah
in a Hadith that:

It is sufficient for you that you should say that which we say, and observe silence
in that in which we keep silent, as you have seen that Allahazwj has not kept any
good in any of our adversaries.57
:
- : - ) (
It has been narrated from Ali Bin Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Abi Ameer from Abdul Rahmaan Bin
asws
Al Hajjaj from Hisham Sahib Al Bareed that Abu Abdillah
said in a Hadith:

It is a loss for you if you were to say anything which you have not heard from
usasws.58

Those Who Take Religion from others Words:



: ( ) : - - )(

It has been narrated from Muhammad Bin Ali Al Husayn from his father from Al-Hassan Bin Ahmad Al
Maaliki from his father who has narrated:

Ibrahim Bin Abu Muhammad (has narrated) from the Holy Imam Ali Ridha asws in a
long Hadith that: My father has narrated to me from his ancestors that the Holy
Prophetsaww said: Whoever listens to a speaker has worshipped him. For
instance, if the speaker is speaking from Allah azwj then he has worshipped Allahazwj
and if the speaker is speaking from Iblisla then he has worshipped Iblisla.

56

Al Kafi, Vol. 1 - H 484, Ch. 8, h11


Wasail ul Shia H. 33392
58
Wasail ul Shia H. 33227
57

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All these Ahadith clearly demonstrate one has to follow the Divine Message, as
stated in the Holy Quran and the Ahadith of Masomeenasws, on the contrary, following
a non-masoom is completely forbidden, as we learn from the following Ahadith:

The Forbidden taqleed:


Allahazwj has Never Made compulsory for people to follow a non-masoom person, as
there will be contradiction in their judgements, see for example, if there are two
conflicting judgements, then one of them has to be wrong:

(Amir-ul-Momineenasws said) Where there are two differing claims then one of them
is a straying.59
:) ( :
:
It has been narrated from Abu Mahboob or others from Mathni Al Hanaat from Abu Baseer that he
asws
said to Abu Jafar :

We want something from you but cannot find in the Book or Sunnah, shall we say it
as per our judgement? Heasws replied: No! If you get it right you will get no
reward for it, and if you get it wrong you will have ascribed a lie to Allahazwj.60




And when it is said to them: Follow what Allah has revealed, they say: Nay, we
follow that on which we found our fathers. What! Though the Shaitan calls
them to the chastisement of the burning fire (31:21)!




The Holy Imam Jafar Al Sadiqasws said: Beware of taqleed! Whosoever adorns
this in religion is destroyed! Surely Allahazwj has Said: They took their Rabbis
and Monks as their Lords besides Allah (9:31). No, by Allahazwj! They did no pray
nor fast but they made permissible which was forbidden to them and made the
forbidden permissible. They did their taqleed (emulated them) in this and obeyed
them, and they did not realise.61

59

Nahj ul Balagah Saying No. 182


Wasail ul Shia H. 33185
61
Tasheeh ul Itiqaad (Correction Of Beliefs) Sheykh Al Mufeed, pg. 72
60

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Taqleed of that is Wajib who Receives Revelations:







The Holy Imam Aliasws said: How can Allahazwj make obligatory upon His
servants, obedience to someone who is veiled from the mysteries of the
heavens and the earth.62
With the exception of Masomeenasws, no one else has ever claimed to know the
mysteries of the heavens and the earth.

How a Mujtahid is Selected by his Follower?


A Mujtahid for the purpose of doing taqleed, is selected by the word of mouth, after
making some initial enquires from those who one considers to have more knowledge
about the religion than him and are easily accessible. In other words, its peoples
perception about a non-masoom person that he will guide and help them in their
religious needs without any proof that Allahazwj has Appointment him as their
religious guide over them.

Prophet Musaas Could not Select Seventy Pious Devotees!










}7:255{
And Musa chose out of his people seventy men for Our appointment; so when
the earthquake overtook them, he said: My Lord! if Thou hadst pleased, Thou
hadst destroyed them before and myself (too); wilt Thou destroy us for what
the fools among us have done? It is naught but Thy trial, Thou makest err with
it whom Thou pleasest and guidest whom Thou pleasest: Thou art our
Guardian, therefore forgive us and have mercy on us, and Thou art the best of
the forgivers.












Imamasws Ali Rezaasws said (as a part of a long Hadith), even when High Rank
Prophetsas, i.e., Musaas and Isaas selected people, they could not select pious and
62

Bihar Ul Anwaar Vol 25 Ch 4 Hadith Tariq, pg. 172

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

hypocrites were among theiras selection. I said, of course this was the case.
Imamasws said: Look, Prophet Musaas , who has (the title of) Friend of Allahazwj, when
heas selected seventy pious people (from hisas nation) for the al-Miqad, surely, heas
had not an element of doubt in their Eman and sincerity, but all of them turned out to
be hypocrites. That is why Allahazwj Says: And Musa chose out of his people
seventy men for Our appointment (7:155) but these hypocrites said instead: we
will not believe in you until we see Allah manifestly (2:55), as a result: so the
lightning overtook them on account of their injustice.(4:153)
So when we see that the selection of those, who were awarded the Prophet-hood by
Allahazwj, turned out to be wrong while they were full of confidence that they have
picked up the righteous ones. Therefore, if a Mursil63 Prophetas could not recognise
the pious ones with whom he had spent several years, how can a shia in search of a
pious guide will ever find one (his Mujtahid)? Thus its on Himazwj Who is aware of
what is hidden in the hearts, to Appoint a Guideasws/Leaderasws/Imamasws.64

An Everlasting Punishment for those who go by Words of Mouth:
































.After answering questions on Rabazwj, Prophetsaww, and Imamasws, there will be a
further question from the deceased (in his grave) about the Imam, as he will be
asked: How did you come to the know that he is your Imam? He (the deceased) will
reply: It is a matter to which Allahazwj Guided me and kept me steadfast therewith. It
then will be said to him: Rest to sleep without dreams like the sleep of newly
wedded person. A door to Paradise is then opened to him through, which fragrance
and happiness of Paradise continue to come to him.
An unbeliever (in his grave) is asked: Who is your Lord? He replies: Allahazwj is my
Lord. He is then asked: Who is your Prophet? He replies: Mohammed saww is my
Prophet. He is then asked: What is your religion? He replies: Islam is my religion.
He is then asked: How did you come to know it? He replies: People said so
and so did I. The two angels will then strike him with a war club on his head such
that even all man and Jinn together cannot bear (its pain).

63
64

The Prophet who brought down a Divine Book


-14 162 1

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The Imamasws said: He will melt like lead. Then they (the angels) will return his soul
to his body and place his heart between two boards of fire and he will plead: O Lord,
please delay the coming of the Day of Judgement.
From the above hadith, it is clear anyone who would select an imam for guidance or
to take religion from anyone other than who has been appointed by Allahazwj, will,
surely, be treated as a Kafir.65

Islam was Completed with the Two Weighty Things:


After returning from the last pilgrimage, Holy Prophetsaww announced the compulsory
Wilayat of Aliasws ibn Abi Talibasws by declaring Mankunto Mola . And the following
Verse came, which completed the religion, until the final Day of Judgement:
On this day I have perfected your religion, completed My favours to you, and
chosen Islam as your religion .... ' (5:3)

Holy Prophetsaww Leaves Behind The Two Weighty Things:



The Holy Prophetsaww said: I leave behind for you two weighty things, the Book of
Allahazwj and my Progeny of my Householdasws.66
A non-masoom person can neither be an Itirat nor can ever be from Ahl alByatasws, so upon the completion of Islam, which will, remain valid until the Final Day
of Judgement, where is the role of a Mujtahid?

65
66

Al-Kafi, Vol. 3, pg. 238, H. 11 148 : 4 :


Tafseer Al Qummi Vol 2 P 345

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Chapter Three: The Rights of Allahazwj over Hisazwj


Servants

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

The Right of Allahazwj Over Hisazwj servants:



: : ) ( : ) (
.
And from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad from Maaly Bin Muhammad from Ali Ibn Asbaat from
Jafar Bin Samaat from another person (from Aban) from Zarara Ibn Ayn who said:

I asked Abu Jafarasws What is the right of Allahazwj over Hisazwj servants?
Heasws said: They should say what they know, and refrain from saying what
they do not know.67
) ( :
: :
.
And from Ali Bin Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Abu Umeyr from Hisham Bin Saalim who
said:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws What is the right of Allahazwj over Hisazwj
creation? Heasws said: They should say what they know and refrain from
saying what they do not know, for if they were to do that, then they have given
to Allahazwj Hisazwj Right.68

The One who acts without Knowledge (gives Fatwa?):



: ( ) :
.
And from a number of our companions from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid from his father
from Muhammad Bin Sinan from Talha Bin Zayd who said:

I hear Abu Abd Allahasws say: One who acts without knowledge is like a
traveller on the wrong road. It will not increase anything for him except for the
distance (away from the Just).69

67

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33108


Wasail ul Shia, H. 33109
69
Wasail ul Shia, H. 33110
68

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

One Must Act with Knowledge:



:
! : ( )

.
And from Ali Bin Muhammad and others, from Sahl Bin Ziyad and from Muhammad Bin
Yahya from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa altogether, from Ibn Mahboub from Hisham Bin
Saalim from Abu Hamza from Abu Ishaq Al-Sabiy who narrated the following:

He heard Amir-ul-Momineenasws say: O people! Know that religion becomes


complete through seeking knowledge and acting accordingly. You must know
that seeking knowledge is of a stronger imperative nature for you than
seeking wealth.
In wealth everyones share is guaranteed. As, the Just One azwj has already
Divided wealth among you. Heazwj Himself and through my sword will
guarantee that you receive your share.
Knowledge, however, is stored with thoseasws who possess it. You are
commanded to seek knowledge from them asws. You must seek the
knowledge.70

Acting without Knowledge is Destruction:


) (
. : ) ( :
And from Muhammad Bin Yahya from Ahmad Bin Muhammad from Ibn Fazal who has
asws
narrated the following from Abu Abd Allah
said:

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: One who acted without knowledge has
done more mischief than the good.71

Do not Follow Religion Blindly:


(
( ) : : )

.) ( :

70
71

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33111


Ibid, 33112

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

And from him from Ahmad from Ibn Fazaal from Ibn Bakeer from Hamza Bin Al Tayaar who
asws
presented some of his fathers sermons to Abu Abd Allah
, until he came to a subject from
asws
it and he
said:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Stop! And be silent. Then heasws said: It is not for you
but to keep silent about that which you do not know from what has been
Revealed, and be steadfast upon it, and return it to the Imams asws of
guidance, until you be on the Path and the blindness is dispelled from you.
Allahazwj has Said: so ask the Ahlul Al-Zikr if you do not know [21:7].72

( ) : ) (

Muhammad Bin Yaqoub from Ali Bin Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Abu Umeyr from
asws
Hisham Bin Saalim who has narrated the following from Abu Abd Allah
:

When the Amir-ul-Momineenasws made Shurayh the Judge, it was on the


condition that he will not give a judgement until he presents it to himasws
first.73

( : ) (
. ! : )
And from Muhammad Bin Yahya from Muhammad Bin Ahmad from Yaqoub Ibn azeed from
Yahya Bin Al Mubarak from Abd Allah Bin Jabla from Ishaq Bin Amaar who has narrated the
asws
following from Abu Abd Allah :

The Amir-ul-Momineenasws said to Shurayh: O Shurayh! You are sitting in a


place where no one sits except for a Prophetasws or hisasws Trusteeasws or a
malicious.74

Government is only for the Prophetsaww or Imamasws:



: ) (

And from a number of our companions from Sahl Bin Ziyad from Muhammad Bin Isa from
Abu Abd Allah Al Momin from Ibn Muskaan from Suleyman Bin Khalid who has narrated the
asws
following from Abu Abd Allah :

72

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33113


Wasail ul Shia, H. 33090
74
Ibid, H. 33091
73

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Beware of the government, for the government surely is for the Imam asws who
is knowledgeable of Judgements, for justice among the Muslims, a
Prophetsaww or the Trusteeasws of the Prophetsawwis the only authority.75

Teachers are Categorised into Three Types:


) ( ] 44024[

( ) ( :
: )

.
H 33093 - And from Ali Bin Muhammad and others, from Sahl Bin Ziyad and from
Muhammad Bin Yahya from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa altogether, from Ibn Mahboub
from Hisham Bin Saalim from Abu Hamza from Abu Ishaq Al Sabiyi from a reliable person
asws
who has narrated the following from Amir-ul-Momineen :

People are inclined towards three types of people after the Messenger of
Allahsaww they incline towards (1) a knowledgeable oneasws with Guidance
from Allahazwj, Allahazwj Made himasws to be needless of others; (2) and inclined
towards an ignorant one who claimed to be knowledgeable, and he had no
knowledge and was proud of what he had, the world had placed him in trials
and he placed others in trials; (3) and inclined towards the student of the
knowledgeable oneasws on the way of Guidance from Allahazwj and salvations,
then got destroyed from his claims, and was in loss from his plots.76
: ) (
: :
.
And from Ali Bin Ibrahim from Muhammad Bin Isa from Yunus from Jameel who has narrated
asws
the following from Abu Abd Allah
:

People are of three types scholar, student, and rubbish. Weasws are the
scholars, and ourasws Shiites are the students, and the rest of the people are
worthless.77

75

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33092


Ibid, H. 33093
77
Ibid, H. 33094
76

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

One is Unable to Extract Knowledge through Ijtihad:


:
: ) (
: ) (

And from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad from Moali Bin Muhammad from Al Wahaa from Aban
Bin Uthman from Abd Allah Bin Suleyman, said that he heard the following from Abu

and with Abu Jafarasws was a man of Basra, and he was saying,
Hassan Al-Basry thinks that the one who conceals knowledge, will give off a
pungent smell which will afflict the people of the Fire.
Jafar

asws

Abu Jafarasws said: Then the believers from the people of the Pharaoh have
been destroyed. Knowledge has remained concealed since Allah azwj sent
Noahas as a Prophet. Al-Hassan can go to the right and to the left, by Allahazwj!
He will not find knowledge except for here (pointing to himselfasws).78

Knowledge only Emanates from the Masomeenasws:


( )
:
.
And from Abu Abd Allah Al Ashary, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam who has narrated the
asws
following from Abu Al-Hassan Musa Bin Jafar
in a lengthy Hadith:

Imam Musaasws Ibn Jafarasws said: There is no salvation except with


obedience, and the obedience with knowledge, and the knowledge by
studying it, and studying it by intellect accompanied by the belief, and there is
no knowledge except from the knowledgeable one asws (sent down) from
Allahazwj.79

The One Who Gives a Verdict is Crucified:


: ) ] ( ) ( 44025 [
.
H 33097 - Muhammad Bin Muhammad Al Mufeed in Al Maqna who has narrated the
following from the Prophet

78
79

saww

Ibid, H. 33095
Ibid, H. 33096

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Rasool Allahsaww said: Whoever is made to be a Judge has been slaughtered


without a knife.80
] 44028 [
: ( )
) ( ) ( :
: : ( ) :
: ! ) ( :
: ( )
!
H 33098 - Muhammad Bin Al Hassan by his chain from Al Husayn Bin Saeed from Fazalat
Bin Ayoub from Dawood Bin Farqad from a man from Saeed Bin Abu Al Khaseeb, from Jafar
asws
Bin Muhammad
in a Hadith, said to Ibn Abu Layla:

(Jafarasws bin Muhammadasws said to Inbn Abu Layla) What is it that you base
your judgements on? He said, By what I have heard from the Messenger of
Allahsaww, and from Aliasws and from Abu Bakr and from Umar.
Has it come to you from the Messenger of Allah saww where hesaww said: Verily
Aliasws is the Best judge for you? He said, Yes.
Heasws said: Then how can you give judgement other than the judgement of
Aliasws after having heard this? What will you say when the earth turns into
silver and the skies turn into silver, then the Messenger of Allah saww will take
you by your hand to be in front of your Lord azwj and say: O Lordazwj! This man
gave judgement other what Isaww had given?81
: ( ) ] ( ) 44022 [
)2(
( )
( ) :

H 33099 - Muhammad Bin Masood Al Ayyashi in his Tafseer from Saad from
Abu Jafarasws, said when I asked about this Verse and it is not
righteousness that you should enter the houses at their backs, but
righteousness is this that one should guard and go into the houses by
their doors (2:189),

80
81

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33097


Ibid, H. 33098

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

heasws said: The Progeny of Muhammadasws are the doors of Allahazwj and
Hisazwj Way and the callers to Paradise and the Guides towards it and are the
Proofs for it until the Day of Judgement.82

Fatwa Cannot be Given Unless One is Guided by Allahazwj:


] 44200 [
: ) ( :
.
H 33100 Muhammad Bin Yaqoub from Muhammad Bin Yahya from Ahmad Bin
Muhammad from Ibn Mahboub from Ibn Rab Abu Ubeyda who has narrated the following
asws
from Abu Jafar :

Abu Jafarasws said: Whoever issues Fatwa to the people without knowledge,
and is not a Guideasws from Allahazwj, gets cursed by the Angels of Mercy and
the Angels of Punishment, and will also be liable for the actions of those that
act upon his Fatwa.83
: ] 44202 [
: : ) (
.
H 33101 And from him from Ahmad from Ali Bin Al Hakam from Sayf Bin Umeyr from
Mufazzal Bin Mazeed who has narrated the following from Abu Abd Allah

asws

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Iasws forbid you from two characteristics in which there
is destruction for man. Iasws forbid you to make as religion of Allahazwj by
falsehood and to issue Fatwa to the people when you do not know. 84
] 44201 [
: : ) ( :
.
H 33102 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim from Muhammad Bin Isa from Yunus Ibn Abdul
Rahmaan from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Al Hajjaj who has narrated the following from Abu Abd
asws
Allah ,

(Abu Abd Allahasws said to me): Beware of two characteristics! Whoever


indulged in them got destroyed. Beware of issuing Fatwa to the people by
your opinion or making as religion that what you do not know.85

82

Ibid, H. 33099
Wasail ul Shia, H. 33100
84
Ibid, H. 33101
85
Ibid, H. 33102
83

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: ) ( ] 44204 [
: : ) (

:

.
H 33103 And from him and from his father from Al Nawfal from Al-Sakuni from Abu Abd
asws

Allah

The Messenger of Allahsaww said that Allahazwj Will Punish the tongue with
such severity that no other body parts will be punished in that manner. The
tongue will say, Lordazwj! Why have Youazwj Punished me such that Youazwj
have not Punished any other? Allahazwj will Say to it: A word came out of you
and reached the East of the Earth and its West and blood was shed
unlawfully, and wealth was usurped illegally, and by it promiscuity was
spread, and by Myazwj Honour Iazwj will certainly Punish you such that others
will not be Punished.86

One Cannot Interpret Verses (but from Ahadith):


] 44201 [
: ) (
.] [ . :
H 33104 And from a number of our companions from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid
from Al Hassan bin Ali Al Washa from Aban Al Ahmar from Ziyad Bin Abu Raja who has
asws
narrated the following from Abu Jafar
:

Abu Jafarasws said: What you know of, then speak it, and about that which
you do not know, say Allahazwj Knows. A man reaches a conclusion from a
Verse (its interpretation), but he is still further (from its true meanings) than
the distance between the sky (and the earth).87

A Correct Judgement with Firm Knowledge is Accepted:


: ) ( ] 44205 [
:
.
H 33105 - And from him who from Ahmad who from his father who has narrated the

Judges are four (types), three of whom are in the


Fire and one in Paradise A man who judges unjustly knowingly, he is in the
Fire, and a man who judges unjustly unknowingly, he is in the Fire, and a man
following from Abu Abd Allah

86
87

asws

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33103


Ibid, H. 33104

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

who judges rightly unknowingly, he is in the Fire, and a man who judges
rightly knowingly, he is in Paradise.88

Commands are of Two Types:


() : : ) ( : ] 44206 [

H 33106 - And heasws said: The orders are of two types Order of Allahazwj
Mighty and Majestic, and order of the ignorant. Whoever errs in the Order of
Allahazwj has issued the order of ignorance.89
] 44205 [
: : ) (
( ) :
.
H 33107 And from Abu Ali Al Ashary who from Muhammad Bin Abdul Jabbar who from Ibn
Fazl from Thaalbat Bin Maymoun who from Abu Baseer who has narrated the following from
asws
Abu Jafar :

Abu Jafarasws said: The orders are of two types Order of Allahazwj Mighty
and Majestic and order of the people of ignorance. And Allah azwj has Said
[5:50] And who is better than Allah to Judge for people who are sure?.
Iasws bear witness that Zayd Bin Thabit issues orders in obligations, the orders
of ignorance.90

Seeking of Knowledge is Mandatory:


] 44221 [
. : ) (
H 33114 - And from Muhammad Bin Yahya from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan from
Muhammad Bin Abd Allah from Isa bin Abd Allah who has narrated the following from Abu
asws
Abd Allah :

Abd Allahasws said: Seeking of knowledge is an obligation.91


] 44225 [
: ) ( : ) (
.

88

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33105


Ibid, H. 33106
90
Ibid, H. 33107
91
Ibid, H. 33114
89

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33115 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim from Al Hassan Bin Abu Al Hassan Al Farsy from Abdul
Rahmaan Bin Zayd from his father who has narrated the following from Abu Abd Allah

asws

Abu Abd Allahasws said: The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Seeking of


knowledge is an obligation on every Muslim, surely Allah azwj Loves the seeker
of knowledge.92
] 44226 [
: ) ( : ) ( :
H 33116 And from a number of our companions from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Barqi from
Yaqoub Bin Yazeed from Abu Abd Allah a man from our companions who has narrated the
asws
following from Abu Abd Allah :

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Seeking of knowledge is an obligation.93


( : ) ( : ] 44225 [
. : )
H 33117 Al Kulayni reports in another Hadith the following from Abu Abd Allahasws:

The Rasool Allahsaww said: Seeking of knowledge is an obligation on every


Muslim, surely Allahazwj Loves the seeker of knowledge.94

Correct Knowledge is in the Ahadith:


] 44228 [
: ( ) : :
( ) !

: ! :
.
H 33118 Muhammad Bin Al Hassan by his chain from Sad bin

Abd Allah from


Muhammad Bin Al Hassan from Jafar Bin Basheer from Hamaad from Aasim who said that it
asws
was narrated to him from the slave of Salmani who has narrated the following from Ali
:

(Amir-ul-Momineenasws said): O people! Fear Allahazwj and do not issue


Fatwa to the people when you do not know for if the Messenger of Allah saww
said something and the one who explains it differently has forged a lie against
himsaww. Ubeydah and Alqama and Al Aswad and others stood up and said,
O Amir-ul-Momineenasws! What shall we do about which we have not been

92

Ibid, H. 33115
Ibid, H. 33116
94
Ibid, H. 33117
93

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

informed of from the Parchment (Quran)? Heasws said: You ask about that
from the scholars of the Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww.95
: ) ( : ] 44210 [
.
H 33120 (The narrator) said that the Amir-ul-Momineenasws said:

Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: The traveller for the seeking of knowledge is like


a Holy Warrior in the Way of Allahazwj. Surely the seeking of knowledge is an
obligation on every Muslim.96
( ) : ) ( : ] 44212 [
.
H 33121 (The narrator) said that the Prophetsaww said:

The Rasool Allahsaww said: One who learns some knowledge from one who is
firm in it, is better than the one who Prayed a thousand cycles of Prayer.97
) ( ] ( ) 44211 [
( : ) (
. : )
H 33122 Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar in Basaair Al Darajaat from Ibrahim Bin
Haashim from Al Husayn bin Al Hassan Bin Zayd Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn from his father who
asws
has narrated the following from Abu Abd Allah :

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Seeking of knowledge is an obligation on


every Muslim, surely Allahazwj Loves the seeker of knowledge.98
( ] 44214 [
: )
H 33123 And from Muhammad Bin Hasaan from Muhammad Bin Ali from Isa Ibn Abd Allah
Al-Amary who has narrated the following from Abu Abd Allah

asws

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Seeking of knowledge is an obligation under all


circumstances.99
( ) ] 44211 [
. :
95

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33118


Wasail ul Shia, H. 33120
97
Ibid, H. 33121
98
Ibid, H. 33122
99
Ibid, H. 33123
96

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33124 And from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn from Muhammad Bin Abd Allah from Isan
Bin Abd Allah from Ahmad who has narrated the following from Ali Bin Abu Talib

asws

Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws said: Seeking of knowledge is an obligation from the
obligations from Allahazwj.100
( ) ] 44215 [
. :) ( : ( )
H 33125 And from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed from Ibn Abu Umeyr from Abu Abd Allah a man
from our companions who has narrated the following from Abu Abd Allah

asws

The Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: Seeking of knowledge is an obligation on


every Muslim.101
] ( ) 44216 [
) (
( : ( )
: : )

.
H 33126 Al-Hassan Bin Muhammad Al-Toosi in Al-Amaali from his father from a group
from Abu Al Mufazzal from Al Fazl Bin Muhammad Al Sharany from Abu Musa Al MajashaI
asws
from Muhammad Bin Jafar from his father Abu Abd Allah
and from Al MajashaI from Alasws
asws
asws
asws
Reza
from his
father
who from Ali :

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: The knowledge in the midst of ignorance is


like being in the midst of the dead, until hesaww said: Seek knowledge of it is
the cause between you and between Allah azwj Mighty and Majestic, and the
seeking of knowledge is an obligation on every Muslim.102

Seek Knowledge from Masomeenasws and the People of


Ahadith:
] 44215 [
( : ( )
. : )
H 33127 And from his father from a group from Abu Al Mufazzal from Jafar Bin
Muhammad Al Husayni from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn Bin Zayd bin Ali from Al
asws
asws
Reza
from Ali :

100

Ibid, H. 33124
Ibid, H. 33125
102
Ibid, H. 33126
101

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46 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Iasws heard the Messenger of Allahsaww say: Seeking of knowledge is an


obligation on every Muslim. Seek knowledge from its sources (Masomeen asws)
and take it from the People of Ahadith.103

Beware of Sitting with those who Use Analogy in Religion:


] ( ) 44218 [
: ( ) :
. :
H 33128 Ahmad Bin Abu Abd Allah in Al Mahasin from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazaal from
Thalbat Bin Maymoun from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Al Hajjaj who asked the following question
from:

(Al-Hajjaj asked from) Abu Abd Allahasws about sitting with the people of
opinion, heasws said: If you sit with them then beware of two characteristics
which have led men to destruction To take as religion anything from your
opinion, or issuing Fatwa to the people without knowledge.104
: ( ) ] 44212 [
.
H 33129 And from Ali Bin Hasaan from Zararah who has narrated the following Hadith
from Abu Abd Allah

asws

It is from the reality of faith that your speech should not exceed your
knowledge.105
( ) ] 44240 [
: ) ( :
.
H 33130 And from Muhammad Bin Isa from Jafar Bin Muhammad Bin Abu Al Sabah from
Ibrahim Bin Abu Samaak from Musa Bin Bakr who has narrated the following from Abu Al
asws
Hassan :

The one who issues Fatwa to the people without knowledge gets cursed by
the Angels of the earth and the Angels of the Sky. 106
( ( ) ] 44242 [
: ) ( : )

103

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33127


Ibid, H. 33128
105
Ibid, H. 33129
106
Wasail ul Shia, H. 33130
104

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47 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33131 And from his father from Fazaalat Bin Ayoub from Ismail Bin Abu Ziyad from Abu

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: The one


who issues Fatwa to the people without knowledge gets cursed by the Angels
of the sky and the earth.107
asws

Abd Allah

from his

asws

father

asws

, said:

: ] ( ) ( ) 44241 [
.
H 33132 Al-Hassan Bin Ali Bin Shaba in Tuhaf ul Uqool has reported the following from
the Prophet

saww

One who issues Fatwa to the people without knowledge gets cursed by the
Angels of the sky and the earth.108
! ] ( ) 44244 [
!
. . !
H 33133 And from th Amir-ul-Momineenasws in a will to Kumail Ibn Ziyad said:

Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: O Kumail! There is no (military) expedition


without a just Imamasws, and no spoils of war except from a virtuous Imam asws.
O Kumail! This is Prophet-hood and Messenger-ship and Imamate, and there
is nothing after that except for the obedient slaves or innovators. Surely,
Allahazwj accepts from the pious, O Kumail! Do not take except from usasws and
never try to (become one) of usasws.109
: ) ( ) ] ( 44241 [
) ( ) (
. . :
H 33134 And Al Shaheed Al Thany said in Al Adaab, and Al Tabarsy in Majma Ul Bayaan
and narrated from a correct chain going up to Abu Al Hassan Ali Bin Musa Al Ridha
asws
asws
saww
his
father
from the Prophet
, said:

asws

, from

Rasool Allahsaww said: Seeking of knowledge is an obligation on every


Muslim. Seek knowledge from its source, the peopleasws of knowledge.110
] ( ) 44245 [
( ) (
( : : )
)
107

Ibid, H. 33131
Ibid, H. 33132
109
Ibid, H. 33133
110
Wasail ul Shia, H. 33134
108

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48 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33135 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn in Al Amaali from Ibn Al-Mutawakkil from AlSad Abaadi from Ahmad Bin Abu Abd Allah, from Abdula Azeem Al-Hassani from Ali Bin
asws
asws
Jafar from his brother Musa Bin Jafar
has reported the following from his

It is not for you to say what you like because Allahazwj Mighty and
Majestic Says [17:36] And follow not that of which you have not the
knowledge.111
forefathers

111

asws

Ibid, H. 33135

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Chapter Four: The Book and Its Inheritors

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

The Quran:
( ] ( ) ( ) 44214 [
( : )
: )
:


.
H 33143 Al-Haasan Bin Ali Al-Askaryasws in hisasws Tafseer from hisasws forefathers, has
narrated the following Hadith from the Prophet

saww

Rasool Allahsaww said: Do you know when the reciter and the attentive listener
of the Quran will get this great reward? This will be when they do not speak
from the Quran by their opinion, nor do they hold back anything from it, nor do
they eat from it, nor read it to show-off. And said: For you the Quran is a
beneficial healer and a blessed medicine. For the one who associates himself
with it and is obedient to it, there is salvation. Then (Rasool Allah saww) said:
Do you know who are those that attach themselves to this great honour?
These are the ones who take the Quran and its explanation from us the
People of the Householdasws or from those intermediaries who are between
usasws and our Shiites (Raviyan-e-Ahadith)112, and not from the disputers or
those that indulge in analogies. And if someone speaks from the Quran by his
opinion, and even if by coincidence turns out to be right, he will still be
ignorant in that he took it from the wrong source, and if he errs in what he
says about the Quran by his opinion, he will have reserved his seat in the
Fire.113

The Thaqaleen:
: ) ( : ] 44211 [
:
.
H 33144 This is commonly related between the generality of Muslims and specific ones
(Shiites) from the Prophet

saww

saww

, he

said:

(Prophetsaww said) I am leaving behind for you two weighty things, if you were
to attach yourself to them you will not go astray the Book of Allahazwj, and

112
113

The narrators of the Holy Traditions


Wasail ul Shia, H. 33143

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

mysaww Progenyasws, the Peopleasws of mysaww Household, for these two will not
separate until they return to mesaww to the Fountain.114
: ] ( ) 44215 [
.
H 33145 And from the Messenger of Allahsaww whosaww said:

The Peopleasws of Mysaww Household are like the Ark of Noahasws, the one who
sails in it will be salvaged, and the one who opposes them asws will be
drowned.115

Aliasws is the Door and Isaww am the City of the Knowledge:


. : ] ( ) 44216 [
H 33146 And hesaww said: Isaww am the city of knowledge, and Aliasws is its
gate.116

The Silent and the Speaking Quran:


. : ] ( ) 44215 [
H 33147 And Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: This is the Book of Allahazwj which
is silent, and Iasws am the Book of Allahazwj which speaks.117
] 44246 [
) (
: ( )

. ) (
H 33136 Muhammad Bin Yaqoub from Ali Bin Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Fazaal from
asws

Thaalbat from Sabaah Al Azraq from Hakam Al Hanaat from Abu Baseer from Abu Jafar
and from Al Hakam from Ibn Abu Yafour who has narrated the following from Abu
asws
Abdullah :

One who issues an order about two Dirhams other than what Allah azwj Mighty
and Majestic (has Commanded) be it by a whip or stick, is a denier of what
was Sent down by Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic on Muhammadsaww.118

114

Ibid, H. 33144
Wasail ul Shia, H. 33145
116
Ibid, H. 33146
117
Ibid, H. 33147
118
Ibid, H. 33136
115

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: ] 44245 [
( )
.
H 33137 And from him from his father from Ibn Abu Umeyr from Muhammad Bin Hamraan
from Abu Baseer, said that he has heard the following from Abu Abdullah

asws

One who issues an order about two Dirhams other than what was Sent down
by Allahazwj is a denier of Allahazwj the Almighty.119
] 44248 [
: ) ( :
: ( ) :
. :
H 33138 And from a number of our companions from Ahmad Bin Muhammad from Al
Husayn Bin Saeed from one of our companions from Abdullah Bin Muskan in a Marfu
manner has reported the following:

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: One who issues an order about two
Dirhams with tyranny, then compels it on him is like the one who came under
the Verse and whoever did not judge by what Allah revealed, those are
they that are the transgressors. [5:47] 120

Who Gives a Wrong Judgement (Fatwa) will be Punished:


] 44242 [
: ( ) :
H 33139 And from him from Sahl Bin Ziyad from Muhammad Bin Isa from Abu Abdullah Al
Mumin from Muawiya Bin Wahab, said that he heard the following from Abu Abdullah

asws

Whoever judges between two (matters) and errs, has fallen higher than the
sky.121
: ) ( : ] 44210 [

H 33140 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn by his chain from Abu Baseer, said that Abu
Jafar

asws

One who issues an erroneous order about two Dirhams has

said:

122

disbelieved.

119

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33137


Ibid, H. 33138
121
Ibid, H. 33139
122
Ibid, H. 33140
120

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53 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: : ) ( : ] 44212 [

.
H 33141 And heasws said: Orders are of two types Order of Allahazwj and
the order of the people of ignorance. Whoever errs in the Order of Allahazwj
has issued the order of the people of ignorance, and one who issues an order
about two Dirhams other than what Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic has Sent
down, has denied Allahazwj the High.123
: ) ] ( ) ( 44211 [
( )
H 33142 And in Iqaab Ul-Amaal by the same chain as before about
consoling those who are sick, the Prophetsaww, said: And one who issues an
order which Allahazwj had not issued is like the one who bore false testimony,
and will be flung into the Fire, and will be given the Punishment befitting the
one who bears false testimony.124
: ( ) ] ( ) 44218 [
.
H 33148 Al-Ayyashi in his Tafseer from Abu Baseer from Abu Abdullah asws,
said: One who issues an order about two Dirhams other than what has been
Sent down by Allahazwj has disbelieved, and one who errs in his order about
two Dirhams has disbelieved.125
: : ( ) ] 44212 [

H 33149 And from Abu Baseer from Abu Abdullahasws, said:

One who issues an order about two Dirhams other than what has been Sent
down by Allahazwj has denied Allahazwj.126
: ) ( ] 44250 [
: ( ) :
. ( )
H 33150 And from Ibn Ayyash from Abu Abdullahasws, said:

123

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33141


Ibid, H. 33142
125
Ibid, H. 33148
126
Ibid, H. 33149
124

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54 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

One who issues an order about two Dirhams other than what Allah azwj has
Sent down has disbelieved. I said, Disbelieved in what Allah azwj has Sent
down, or disbelieved in what was Sent down upon Muhammad saww? Heasws
said: Woe be unto you! Disbelief in what was Sent down upon
Muhammadsaww is disbelief in what has been Sent down by Allahazwj.127

Who has the Right of Istinbaat (Interpretation)?


] 44252 [
: ( )

! :
: :



( : :
)
:

:

) 1( ) (
.
H 33151 Muhammad bin Yaqoub from Ali Bin Ibrahim from his father from Al Hassan Bin
Mahboub from Muhammad Bin Al Fazl from Abu Hamza who has narrated the following in a
asws
lengthy Hadith from Abu Jafar :

And surely Allahazwj has not Kept knowledge within ignorance, and has not
given the authority of Hisazwj Affair to any one from Hisazwj creation, not an
Angel of Proximity nor a Messenger, but whenever He azwj Sent an Angel as a
messenger, Heazwj Told him Say such and such! Heazwj Ordered them that
what Heazwj Loved and Prohibited them from that which Heazwj Abhorred.
Heazwj Sent them to Hisazwj creation with knowledge, Taught them that
knowledge, and Taught the Prophetsas and their Trusteesas from the
Prophetsas and the Trusteesas to the extent that Heazwj Said that (Ul il Amr)
those in authority and the Guides have the right of Istinbaat128. Then Said,
Whosoever held fast to the virtues found a way to theirasws knowledge, and
achieved salvation by theirasws help. Whoever considered those in authority
and the people of Istinbaat by theirasws knowledge to be other than theirasws
127

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33150


Interpretation of Religious Laws, however, its meanings have changed, today it means the
extraction of religious law based on the application of logic by the Jurist. (Al-munjid)
128

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55 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

characteristics of the Prophetsasws, to be other (people) than these, has gone


against the Order of Allahazwj, and made the ignorant to be as the guardians
from Allahazwj, the strivers without Guidance from Allahazwj and they consider
themselves to be the people of Istinbaat of the Knowledge of Allah azwj.
They have forged lies against Allahazwj and Hisazwj Prophetsaww and these are
that they have turned against hissaww Trusteeasws and the obedience to himasws
and did not give himasws the preference that Allahazwj had given himasws. They
have gone astray and have led others astray, and on the Day of Judgement
they will not have any proof for themselves, to the extent that hesaww referred
to the Words of Allahazwj in the Verse [6:89] therefore if these disbelieve in
it We have already entrusted with it a people who are not disbelievers in
it. And these are all the virtues of the People of the Householdasws and
theirasws brothers and theirasws Progeny, and this is in the Words of The
Highazwj If this community of yourssaww disbelieves in this then Weazwj will
transfer it to the Peopleasws of yoursaww Household whoasws have faith in
yoursaww Message and will never ever disbelieve in it, and after you saww the
scholars of yoursaww community will not let it go waste that which We azwj have
Sent yousaww with, those that are in authority after you saww, and the People of
Istinbaat with knowledge, in whom there are no lies, nor any sin, nor any
wrongdoing, nor any mischief, nor any opinions, until he saww said, O People!
Place reliance upon what Isaww have said to you as where Allahazwj has Placed
Hisazwj Wilayat (Mastership), Hisazwj Obedience, Hisazwj Love, and the Istinbaat
of Hisazwj Knowledge, and Hisazwj Proofs and accept themasws and attach
yourselves to attain salvation, for on the Day of Judgement this will be your
evidence and this is the Way of your Lordazwj, and do not make as
intermediaries to the Wilayat of Allahazwj except by themasws. Whosoever were
to do that would have the right of being Honoured by Allah azwj and not to be
Punished by Himazwj, and whoever were to take to others besides them asws,
would incur the right to be Disgraced by Himazwj and Punished.129
] ( ) 44251 [
! :


( )
: ( ) :
( ( )
( ) )

( )
: ( )
129

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33151

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56 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

:
: ( )
( )
( ) ) (
( ) :
! :
( ( )
)
. .
H 33152 - And by a chain from Abu Abdullahasws in a lengthy letter to hisasws
companions, where heasws ordered them to look at it carefully, take an oath on
it and abide by it, the summary of which is:
O you who are awash with the Mercy and are the successful ones! Surely,
Allahazwj has Completed for you the good, and know that it is not from the
Knowledge of Allahazwj nor from Hisazwj Orders that any one from the creation
of Allahazwj should be taken in Hisazwj Religion by way of desires, nor by
opinion, nor by analogy. Allahazwj Sent down the Quran and Kept the
explanation of everything in it, and for the learning of it Appointed its
Peopleasws. Even for the People of knowledge whom He azwj had Endowed with
the Knowledge, did not Permit them to take to Religion by desires, or opinions
or analogies, and they are the People of Remembrance (Ahl Ul Zikr) to whom
Allahazwj had Ordered the people to ask. To the extent that he asws said: And a
covenant was taken from them by the Messenger of Allahsaww about this
before hissaww death. They (the Muslims) said, After Allahazwj Takes Hisazwj
Messenger, we have the right to appoint whoever the people have a
consensus on as per their opinion, and this was after the covenant had
already been take about usasws and Rasool Allahsaww order them, but they
opposed Allahazwj and Hisazwj Messengersaww. No one is more audacious
towards Allahazwj nor has anyone gone more astray than the one who does
that, and thinks that he has the right to do it.
By Allahazwj! It is for the creation of Allahazwj that they should obey Hisazwj
Order during the lifetime of Muhammadsaww and after hissaww death. Is it for
these enemies of Allahazwj that any of them who submitted to Islam with
Muhammadsaww that they should take to their own talks and opinions and
analogies? If he says, yes, then he has forged a lie against Allahazwj and has
strayed a far straying, and if he were to say, no, that no one has the right to
take religion by the way of desires and opinions and analogies, then he has
accepted the proof against himself, and he will be of those who think that
obedience is to Allahazwj and after the passing away of the Messenger of
Allahsaww obedience to Hisazwj Order is to that to that person.

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Until heasws said: And if it is not for any one from the people with
Muhammadsaww to take to Religion by way of desires, opinions and analogies,
then it is not for any one to take to Religion by way of desires, opinions and
analogies, after Muhammadsaww. Then heasws said: And follow the footsteps
of the Messenger of Allahsaww and hissaww way (Sunnah), and by it, and do not
follow your desires and opinions and analogies, for you will have gone astray.
The one who has strayed the most from among the people, in front of Allah azwj
is the one who takes to his own desires, and opinions without any guidance
from Allahazwj. And heasws said: O group! It is upon you to follow the footsteps
and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah saww and the footsteps of the
Imamsasws of Guidance from the People of the Household of the Messenger of
Allahsaww after himsaww and hissaww Sunnah. The one who takes to that has
been guided and the one who avoids that and turns away has gone astray,
because it is theyasws that Allahazwj has Ordered to be followed and be in their
Wilayah (Mastership).130

Use of Analogy is Forbidden (The derivation of Fatwa)!


] 44254 [
: ( )
: :
: ) ( :
( ) : :
. : : :
H 33153 And from him from Muhammad Bin Isa Bin Bin Ubeyd from Yunus Bin Abdul
Rahmaan from Samaat Bin Mehran who has narrated the following from Abu Al-Hassan
asws
Musa :

(Imam Musaasws said) What have you to do with analogy? Those who were
destroyed from the destroyed ones before you, were due to analogy. Then
said: If they come to you and you know about it, then speak about it, and if
they come to you and you do not know, and heasws raised hisasws hand to
cover hisasws mouth. Then said: May Allahazwj Curse Abu Hanifa who said that
Aliasws says this, and I say this, and the Sahaab says this and I say this. Then
said, Do you sit with them? I said, No, but these are their words. Did the
Messenger of Allahsaww give to the people all that was sufficient for them?
Heasws said: Yes, and whatever they will need up to the Day of Judgement. I
said. Has anything been wasted from it? Heasws said: No, it is with the
entrusted ones.131

130
131

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33152


Wasail ul Shia, H. 33153

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58 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

] 44260 [
: ( )
: .
.
H 33160 And from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Al-Fazl Bin Shazaan, from Safwaan Bin
Yahya, from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Al-Hajjaj, from Aban Bin Tablugh who has narrated the
asws
following from Abu Abdullah :

The Sunnah is not attained by analogy. Have you not seen the woman makes
up for her Fasts, and does not make up for her Prayers. O Aban! The one
who uses analogy in the Sunnah has destroyed the Religion.132
] 44268 [
: ( ) :
.
H 33168 And from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Moala Bin Muhammad, from Al
Hassan Bin Ali Al Washa, from Aban Bin Uthman, from Abu Shiat Al Khorasani who has
asws
narrated the following from Abu Abdullah
:

Surely the people of analogy seek knowledge by their analogies, and their
analogies do not increase except for distancing them (more) from the truth,
and the Religion of Allahazwj cannot be attained by analogies.133
) ( : ] 44284 [
:
: !
( ) : ) (
( ) ( )
:
.
H 33183 And from one of our companions, from Muawiya Bin Maysara bin Shareeh, who
has narrated the following:

I witnessed Abu Abdullahasws in the Masjid of Al-Kheef, and heasws was


encircled by two hundred men, and among them was Abdullah bin Shibrama
who said to himasws, O Abu Abdullahasws! We are the judges of Iraq and give
Judgements by the Book and the Sunnah, then if problematic matters get
referred to us we strive (do Ijtihad) in them by judgement, until he said that
Abu Abdullahasws said; Is there any man like Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws (among
you) Ibn Shibrama said, Heasws was great!
132
133

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33160


Ibid, H. 33168

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59 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Abdullahasws said to him: Even Aliasws did not include hisasws personal
judgement in the Religion of Allahazwj, nor said anything in the Religion of
Allahazwj by opinion and analogy, until heasws said: Had Ibn Shibrama known
where destruction lies for the people who analogise in religion, he would not
have acted by it.134
: ( ) ] 44281 [





) 2(
:






. .
H 33182 And from his father from a narrator, from Abu Abdullah asws in a
letter to the people of opinions and analogies: After this, the one who calls
others to his religion by way of opinions and analogies has neither done
justice nor he is on the right way, for the one who is called would also not be
free from opinions and analogies.
And when the caller no longer has the strength in his call, the called one no
longer believes in him, and the caller ends up being in need of the followers
after a while, for we have seen that a student sometimes becomes more
knowledgeable than the teacher after a while, and we have seen that the
teacher who was the caller, falls in need of the opinion of the student who was
the called one, and in that is the confusion for the ignorant, and doubt for the
doubters and the conjecture for those that conjecture, and if that was
permissible with Allahazwj, Heazwj would not have Sent Messengers in
succession, nor Forbidden humour nor Reflected ignorance as a defect.
But, when people started considering truth as being vain and wasted the
Grace (bounties), and brushed aside the Knowledge of God azwj by their
ignorance and their plots, and completely turned away from His azwj
Messengersasws and the Establishersasws of Hisazwj Commands. And they said,
There is nothing except what our minds have realised, and our hearts have
134

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33183

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

understood. So, Allahazwj Turned them towards the direction that they
coveted, and Let them down, and Abandoned them, to the extent that they
became slaves to their own selves, and did not know where they were
heading. And had Allahazwj been Pleased with their Ijtihaad135 and their
opinions, which is what they claim it to be, Heazwj would not have Sent among
them one after the other (Messengers), nor Warners among them, and that is
evidence against them that the Pleasure of Allah azwj is in other than that, by
Sending Messengers with valuable and correct Commands, and warned them
from going astray in difficult Commands.
Then Sent to them Hisazwj Doors and Hisazwj Path and Evidenced to Himselfazwj
by Commands which were Veiled from opinions and analogies. And the one
who seeks that which is with Allahazwj by way of analogy and opinion it will not
increase anything with Allahazwj except for distance, and did not Send a
Messenger at all whoasws would consult the people in that which is against
what heasws had been Sent with, to the extent that he asws would be followed in
one matter and be a follower in the other.
And you will never ever see himasws making use of analogy and opinion in
what heasws had been Sent with until it became clear that what heasws was
saying was indeed from Allahazwj. And in that is evidence for the (people of)
understanding and proof. Surely, the people of opinion and analogies are the
erroneous straying ones.136
] ( ) 44254 [
( )
: ) ( ) (
: ) ( :

: :
:
.
H 33173 An in the Book Al-Illal from Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Al Qataan, from Al Hasan Bin
asws

Ali Al Askary
from Muhammad Bin Zakariya Al Jawahiri Al Basri from Jafar Bin
Muhammad Bin Amara, from his father has narrated the following:

Jafar Bin Muhammadasws in Hadith of Al Khizrasws where heasws said to


Musaasws: There is no room for analogy in the Knowledge of Allah azwj and
Hisazwj Orders, until he said that Jafar Bin Muhammadasws then said: Surely,
the Order of Allahazwj the High cannot be based on analogy, and the one who

135
136

Derivation
Wasail ul Shia, H. 33182

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

bases the Orders of Allahazwj on analogies will be destroyed and end up


leading others to destruction.
Surely, the first disobedience was displayed by Ibleesla the accursed, when
Allahazwj Ordered the Angels to prostrate to Adam as they prostrated, but
Ibleesla refused to do so, and said: Ila am better than himas. So, the first one
who disbelieved (was Iblees), hisla words were, I am better than him. Then
hela used analogy, hisla words are (in the Book), Youazwj have Created mela
from fire and Created himas from mud. So Allahazwj Cast himla away from
Hisazwj Nearness and Cursed himla, and Named himla as the castaway
(dispelled one), and Swore by Hisazwj Honour that no one will be allowed to
use analogy in Hisazwj Religion, but will be flung with Hisazwj enemy Ibleesla in
the lowest level in the Fire.137
] 44262 [
: ( )
.
H 33161 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Haroun Bin Muslim, from Masadat Bin Sadaqat,
from Jafa Bin Muhammad
asws
Ali :

asws

from his

asws

father

asws

who has narrated the following from

(Amir-ul-Momineenasws said) One who establishes his affairs around analogy,


will always be in confusion, and one who takes the Religion by opinion, will
always be wandering aimlessly.138
( : ] 44265 [
. ) ( : )
H 33165 And from them, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Uthman Bin Isa
who said that he asked Abu Al-Hassan Musaasws about analogy, heasws said:
What have you to do with analogy, Allah azwj will not Ask you how it was made
to be permissible and how it was made to be prohibited.139
) ( ] 44251 [
( :
: : ! : )
. . :
H 33174 And from his father, from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad,
from Ibrahim from Hisham, from Ahmad Bin Abdullah Al Aqeeli, from Isa Bin Abdullah Al
Qarashi who has narrated the following :

137

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33173


Ibid, H. 33161
139
Ibid, H. 33165
138

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62 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Hanifa came to Abu Abdullahasws and heasws said to him: O Abu Hanifa!
Iasws am told that you use analogy? He said: Yes, I use analogy. He asws said;
Do not use analogy, for the first one to use analogy was Iblees la when hela
said, Youazwj have Created mela from fire and Created himas from mud.140
] 44255 [
:
( ) : )(
: : :
: :
.
H 33175 And from Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Al Qataan, from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Abu
Haatim, from Abu Zaraa, from Hisham Bin Ammar, from Muhammad Bin Abdullah Al Qarshi,
from Ibn Shabramat who has narrated the following:

Abu Hanifa and I entered to (the presence of) Jafar Bin Muhammad asws
whoasws said to Abu Hanifa: Fear Allahazwj and do not use analogy in the
Religion using your own opinion, for the first one to use analogy was Iblees la,
until heasws said: Woe be on you, which one is greater? The killing of a person
or adultery? He said, The killing of a person. He asws said: Allahazwj has
Accepted the witnessing to two people in the killing of a person but has not
Accepted for adultery except four. Then which one is greater? The Prayer? Or
the Fast? He said, Prayer. Heasws said: Then why does the woman in her
monthly cycle makes up for her Fasts but does not make up for her Prayers?
How can analogy stand to you? Fear Allahazwj, and do not use analogy.141
: : ] 44256 [
! : : :
: ( ) :
:
.

.
H 33176 Al Sadouq said that Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah said by the narration of Maaz Bin
Abdullah from Bashir Bin Yahya Al Aamiri from Ibn Abu Layli who has narrated the following:

I and Al Noman (Abu Hanifa) entered to be in the presence of Jafar Bin


Muhammadasws whoasws said: O Noman! Beware of analogy, for myasws
fatherasws has narrated to measws from hisasws forefathersasws from the
Messenger of Allahsaww that: One who analogises anything from Religion by
140
141

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33174


Ibid, H. 33174

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63 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

his opinion, Allahazwj will Place him with Ibleesla in the Fire, for the first one to
use analogy was Ibleesla when hela said, Youazwj have Created mela from fire
and have Created himasws from mud. Those that make these claims for the
use of opinion and analogy, these people have no proof for this in the Religion
of Allahazwj, for the Religion of Allahazwj cannot be manifested by opinions and
analogies.142
] 44255 [
( ) : ( )
) ( : : : :
! : : ! :

: ) (
: !
! :
! : : ( ) :
: :
: : :
.
H 33177 And from his father and Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Sad Bin Abdullah, from
Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Shabeeb Bin Anas, from a companion of Abu Abdullah
narrated the following:

asws

has

Abu Abdullahasws said to Abu Hanifa: Are you a Faqeeh of Iraq? He said,
Yes. Heasws said: How do you give your Fatwas to them? He said, By the
Book of Allahazwj and the Sunnah of the Prophetsaww. Heasws said: O Abu
Hanifa! Do you know the Book of Allahazwj as it ought to be known? And do
you know the abrogating and the abrogated? He said, Yes. He asws said: O
Abu Hanifa! You have made a claim to be knowledgeable. Woe be unto you.
Allahazwj has not Kept that except with the People of the Book on whom it has
been Sent down. Woe be unto you, and they are not except for the special
ones from the Progeny of our Prophet Muhammad saww, and Allahazwj has not
made you to be an inheritor of even a single word from the Book. And he asws
mentioned arguments to him until heasws said: O Abu Hanifa! When a matter
gets referred to you and you cannot find it in the Book of Allah azwj and nor is
there any footprint for it in the Sunnah, how do you deal with it? He said, May
Allahazwj correct youasws. I use analogy and act upon it by my opinion. He asws
said: O Abu Hanifa The first one to use analogy was Iblees la the accursed.
He analogised to our Lordazwj the Blessed the High. [38:76] He said: I am
better than he; Thou hast created me of fire, and him Thou didst create
of dust. He (the narrator) said, Abu Hanifa was silent. He asws said: O Abu
Hanifa, which one is more unclean? Urine or semen? He said, Urine. He asws
142

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33176

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64 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

said: Then how come the people have to wash when they become unclean
by semen and not when they become unclean by urine? He remained silent.
Heasws said: O Abu Hanifa, which one is higher? Prayer or Fast? He said,
Prayer. Then how come the menstruating woman has to make up for her
(lapsed) Fast, and does not have to make up her Prayers. He remained
silent.
) ] ( ) ( 44258 [
( : :
: ! : )
: ) ( :
:
: :
: ) (

( )
. . ( ) :
H 33178 Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Abu Talib Al-Tabarsee in Al-Ihtijaj has narrated the following
from Abu Abdullah

asws

Heasws said to Abu Hanifa in hisasws argumentation to him about the invalidity
of analogy: Which one is greater with Allahazwj? Murder or adultery? He said:
Murder. Heasws said: Then how come Allahazwj is Pleased with two witnesses
for murder, and is not Pleased except when there are four in the case of
adultery? Then said to him: Is the Prayer higher or the Fasts? He said, But
it is the Prayer that is higher. Heasws said: Based on your analogy it obligates
the menstruating woman to make up for her Prayers other than Fasts, and
Allahazwj has Obligated the woman to make up for her Fasts rather than her
Prayers.
Then said to him: Is urine more impure or semen? He said, Urine. He asws
said: Based on your analogy it obligates a person to perform ablution after
urination rather than for semen, and Allah azwj has Obligated the performance
of bath for semen rather than for urine, until he asws said: You think that you
are issuing Fatwa based on the Book of Allahazwj and you are not the inheritor
of it, and you think yourself to be the master of analogies, and the first one to
use analogy was Ibleesla and there is nothing in the Religion of Allahazwj on
analogy, and you consider yourself to be the master of opinions, and it was
only the opinion of the Messenger of Allahsaww which was correct, and apart
from that are all in error, because Allahazwj Said [5:48] therefore judge
between them by what Allah has revealed, and did not Say that to any one
else besides himsaww.

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65 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: ] 44251 [
: : : ! : ) (
. .
H 33154 And from him from his father from Ahmad Bin Abdullah Al Aqeeli from Isa Bin
Abdullah Al Qarshi, said:

Abu Hanifa came to Abu Abdullahasws whoasws said to him: They tell me that
you are using analogies? He said: Yes. Heasws said: Do not use analogy, for
the first one to use analogy was Ibleesla.
] 44255 [
) (
: : ) (




( )
( )

) (
:


.
H 33155 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya from one of his companions, and from Ali Bin
Ibrahim from his father, from Haroun Bin Muslim, from Masadat Bin Sadaqat, who from Abu
asws
asws
Abdullah , has narrated that the following was said by Amir-ul-Momineen :

Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: Who is more Hated by Allahazwj Mighty and


Majestic than two men one who was only Given the responsibility for his
own self by Allahazwj and he strayed from the way, and got involved in
innovative talks, although he was the one who Prayed and used to fast. He is
a trial for the one who walks with him and has gone astray from the guidance
which he was on before, and leads astray the one who follows him in his
lifetime and after his death, he bears the errors of others, and is mortgaged to
his own errors.
The second is the one who manages the affairs of the ignorant people and
suffers sedition because of it. He is known among the people as a
knowledgeable one. Not a single day passes by in which he remains
unscathed. He collects vast amounts by it, and his goodness decreases as his
wealth increases, until he became saturated with the treasures. He used to sit
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66 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

among the people as a judge in the past, taking the responsibility of


redeeming the confused from the others, and violated the Judgements of the
preceding judges, and he himself will not be safe from his Judgements being
violated by the judges to come in the future, just like his own actions against
the judges of the past.
When a dilemma comes upon him, which is ambiguous, he issues his opinion
upon it. It is as if he has adorned himself with a spiders web, not knowing
whether his opinion is correct or erroneous. He has no knowledge of that
which he has denied, and cannot see that he will end up becoming a religion
for others.
He analogises one thing with another and cannot see its falsity, and if an affair
comes to it he hides his ignorance and tried hard not to be exposed (to
others), and that it could be said about him, He does not know. Then he
becomes audacious and issues judgement. He is the key to confusion, and is
a confused passenger on the road of ignorance.
He does not apologise for his ignorance so that he may remain safe, nor does
he try to gain knowledge so that he may achieve it. He scatters the narrations
in the strong winds, the inheritors cry over it, and the blood screams at it. He
considers the forbidden to be permissible due to his Judgements, and the
permissible to be the forbidden, and is not bothered at what its repercussions
may be on him, and is not deserving of the claims that he makes on the true
knowledge.
( ] 44286 [
: ) ( : )
.
H 33186 And from Qasim Bin Yahya, from his grandfather Al-Hassan Bin Rashid, from
Muhammad Bin Muslim who has said:

Abu Abdullahasws said: (It is written) in the Book of the etiquettes of the Amirul-Momineenasws: There is no analogy in religion, for in the Order of Allah azwj
there is no analogy, and soon there will come people who will use analogy,
and they are the enemies of religion.
( : ] 44285 [
: ) ( : )
. .
H 33187 And from his father, from Haroun Bin Al Jaham, from Muhammad Bin Muslim who
said:

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67 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

I was with Abu Abdullahasws in Mina when Abu Hanifa came riding over on his
donkey, sat down and said, I want to know about analogy from you asws. Abu
Abdullahasws said: There is no analogy in the Religion of Allahazwj.

No Benefit of Right Fatwa but Punishment for a Wrong One!


: ] 44256 [
: ( ) : ) (
.
H 33156 - And from him, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad from Al Washaa, from Mathni Al
Hanaat, from Abu Baseer who has narrated the following from Abu Abdullah

asws

(Abu Baseer asked from Abu Abdullahasws) Some matters get referred to us
that we do not know them from the Book of Allah azwj, shall we ponder over
them? Heasws said: No, for if you were to get it right you will not get any
reward for it, and if you were to be in error, you will have forged a lie against
Allahazwj.
] ( ) 44222 [
: : ) ( :
) ! ( :

: ( )
.
H 33191 Abdullah Bin Jafar in Qurb Al Asnaad from Ahmad bin Muhammad Bin Isa from
Ahmad bin Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr who said:

I said to Al-Rezaasws: May I be sacrificed for youasws, some of our companions


say, We have heard the order from youasws and from yourasws forefathers, and
compare them (analogy), and act upon them. Heasws said: Glory be to
Allahazwj! No, by Allahazwj, this is not from the religion of Jafarasws. These
people no longer have any need for usasws. They have exited from ourasws
obedience, and have placed themselves in ourasws position. Where is the
emulation (Taqleed) that they used to emulate Jafarasws and the fatherasws of
Jafarasws? Jafarasws said: Do not base anything on analogy. There is nothing
that analogy can prove, except that analogy will cut it off (invalidate it).

Analogy Should never be Used Even to Support the Truth:


] ( ) 44282 [
:
: : : ) (
.
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68 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33189 Muhammad Bin Umar Bin Abdul Aziz Al Kashy in the Book Al Rijaal from
Muammad Bin Masud, from Ishaq Bin Muhammad, from Ahmad Bin Sadaqat, from Abu
Maalik Al Ahmasy who has narrated the following:

Momin Al-Taaq overcame a man in a (religious) discussion about business


matters. Abu Abdullahasws said: By Allahazwj! You have made me happy, but
by Allahazwj, you have not spoken a word of truth. He said: How come?
Heasws said: Because your words were based on analogy, and analogy is not
from religion.
] ( ) 44224 [
:
! : ) (

.
H 33193 Muhammad Bin Muhammad Al Mufeed in Al Majaalis from Al Sadouq, from
Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Al Waleed, from Al Saffar, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from
Hamaad Bin Isa, from Hamaad Bin Uthman, from Zararah Bin Ayn who said,

Abu Jafar Muhammad Bin Aliasws said to me: O Zararah! Beware of people of
analogy in religion, for they have avoided the knowledge that they had been
ordered to acquire, and strove for that which they had been told to avoid.
They interpret the Akhbaar (Hadith), and they forge lies against Allah azwj
Mighty and Majestic, and they are like those if called from their front, they
answer from the back, and if called from the back, they answer from the front.
They follow desires and are confused in the earth and Religion.
] 44221 [
: ) (
. ) (
H 33194 And from hin, from Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Mutawakkil, from Al Sad Abaadi,
from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from another
one the following:

Abu Abdullahasws, said: Curse of Allahazwj be on the people of analogy, for


they have changed the Book of Allahazwj and the Sunnah of the Messenger of
Allahsaww, and they make accusations against the truthful in the Religion of
Allahazwj.

There is No Room for Opinion in Islam!


( : ] 44255 [
! : : )
.
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69 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33157 And from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, from Yunus Al-Rahman
who said that he said to Abu Al-Hassan the First, How do I explain the Unity
of Allahazwj? Heasws said: O Yunus! Do not resort to innovation. The one who
ponders by his opinion gets destroyed, and one who avoids the peopleasws of
the Household of the Prophetsaww goes astray, and one who avoids the Book
of Allahazwj and the Statement of Hisazwj Prophetsaww, becomes an infidel.

What is the Knowledge:


] ( ) 44424 [
: ) (
. .
H 33313 Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid Al Barqi in Al Mahaasin from his father, from
Yunus Bin Abdul Rahmaan, from Amro Bin Shimr, from Jabir who says:

Abu Jafarasws said: Hasten in the seeking of knowledge. By the One azwj in
Whoseazwj Hand is myasws soul, a single Hadith that you take from the truthful
is better that this world and what it contains of the gold and silver.
( : ] ( ) 44250 [
)
.
H 33170 And by its chain from Aliasws in the 400 Hadith said: Teach your
children ourasws knowledge, Allahazwj will Give them benefit by it, and ourasws
adversaries will not overcome them with their opinions, and do not use
analogy in religion, for religion is that which is not from analogy, and very
soon people will come who will indulge in analogies. They are the enemies of
Religion, and the first one to use analogy was Ibleesla. Beware of pleading
arguments for it will place you in doubt, and the one who opposes us asws will
be destroyed.
: : ( ) : ] ( ) 44252 [
( )
.
H 33179 And from Al Sadiqasws about the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and
Majestic Keep us on the Straight Path (6:1), said: Guide us to the Way to
Yourazwj Love, and to Yourazwj Pleasure, and Yourazwj Garden, and the
meaning of this is that we do not follow our desires and go astray, or take to
our opinions and be destroyed.
: ] 44261 [
) ( : ( )

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70 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33164 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid,
from one of our companions who has narrated the following:

Amir-ul-Momineenasws reminded in hisasws speech: Surely the believer does


not take his religion from his opinion, but whatever is given to him from his
Lord, he takes it as it is.
: ] 44258 [
) 2( ) ( : ( )
.
H 33158 And from a number of companions, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah
who said that Mufazzal Bin Umar said in his will that he heard Abu
Abdullahasws say: One who doubts or conjectures and establishes to any of
them, his actions get confiscated. Surely, the Proof of Allah azwj is a manifest
Proof.
] 44281 [
: ) ( : ) ( ) (
H 33184 And from his father, from Abdullah bin Al Mughira, and Muhammad bin Sinan
together, from Talha Bin Zayd, from Abu Abdullah
asws
father :

asws

, who has narrated the following from his

Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: There is no opinion in religion.


: ) ( ] 44225 [
.) ( :
H 33197 And from Aban, from Abdul Rahman, from Abu Abdullah asws, said:
The smallest thing which makes a man to exit from Islam is when he sees the
opinion to be against the truth, yet still remains on it. Then he asws said: And
the one who disbelieves by the faith, his deeds get confiscated.
( ) : ] 44226 [
. :
H 33196 And from Abu Al-Abbas who said, I asked Abu Abdullahasws about
the smallest thing which makes one to be a Mushrik (Polytheist), he asws said:
One who innovates by opinion, and loves and hates by it.
(: ] 44285 [
: : )
.

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71 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33185 And from Ibn Mahboub or another, from Mathni Al Hanaat who has narrated the
following:

Abu Baseer narrates, I said to Abu Jafarasws: Matters get referred to us


whose existence we do not find in the Book and the Sunnah, we speak on
them by opinion. Heasws said: If you get it right you will get no reward for it,
but if you make a mistake you will have forged a lie against Allah azwj.

One Should Seek the Yaqeen Certainty!


] 44252 [
( )
: :
.
H 33159 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Hammad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin
Umar Al Yamaani, from Umar Bin Azinat, from Aban Bin Abu Ayaash, from Suleym Bin Qays
asws
Al-Hilali who has narrated the following, in a lengthy Hadith, from the Amir-ul-Momineen :

(Amir-ul-Momineenasws said) And one who forgets the Remembrance is blind,


and follows conjecture, and fights with his Creatorazwj, until heasws said: And
one who salvages himself from this attains the virtue of Yaqeen (conviction).
) ( ] 44221 [
. : ) ( :
H 33192 And from Haroun Bin Muslim, from Masadat Bin Sadaqat, from Jafar Bin
asws

Muhammad

from his

asws

forefathers

asws

said:

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Beware of conjecture/guess, for conjecture


is the biggest of all lies.

One Should not Give His Opinion in Religion!


: ) ( : ] 44261 [
.
H 33162 And so said Abu Jafarasws: One who issues Fatwas to the people
by his opinion, has made his lack of knowledge to be the religion of Allah azwj,
and who makes the Religion of Allahazwj through his lack of knowledge, has
gone against Allahazwj in what Heazwj has Made to be permissible, he makes it
prohibited due to his lack of knowledge.

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72 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

] ( ) ( ) 44252 [
) ( ) (
: ) (
. :
H 33171 And in Al Majaalis and in Maani Al Akhbaar from Muhammad Bin Ali
Majaylawiya, from his uncle Muhammad Bin Anu Al Qasim, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin
Khalid, from his father, from Muhammad bin Yahya Al Khazaaz, from Ghayaas Bin Ibrahim,
asws
asws
asws
from Al Sadiq , from his
forefathers , has said:

Amir-ul-Momineenasws, said in hisasws speech: Islam is submission, until


heasws said: The believer takes his religion from his Lordazwj, and does not
take it from his opinion.
] ( ) 44282 [
:
: ) (
.
H 33181 Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid Al Barqi in Al Mahasin from his father, from Al
Qasim Bin Muhammad Al Jawhari, from Habib Al Khashami, and from Al Nasar Ibn Suweyd,
from Yahya Al Halbi, from Ibn Muskaan, who from Habib who has narrated the following from
asws
Abu Abdullah :

Abu Abdullahasws said: There is no one more beloved to me asws than you. The
people have adopted different ways, from them are those that take from their
desires, and from them are those that take from their opinions, and you take
from the original orders being given to you.
] ( ) ( ) ( ) 44251 [

: : ) ( : ( )
.
H 33172 And in Al Majaalis, and in Al Tawheed, and in Uyoon Al Akhbaar from
Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Mutawakkil from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Al Ryaan
asws
asws
asws
asws
Ibn Al Salt, from Ali Bin Musa Al Reza
, from his
father
who from his
asws
forefathers
has said the following:

Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Allahazwj


Majestic is His Majesty Said: He has not believed in Meazwj the one who
expressed his opinion on Myazwj Words, and he has not Known be the one
who has compared Meazwj to Myazwj creation, and he is not on Myazwj Religion
the one who uses analogy in Myazwj Religion.

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73 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Ones Religion is Worthless without Wilayat:


] 44264 [
: ( )

) (.
.
H 33163 And from him, from his father, and Abdullah Bin Al Salt altogether, from Hamaad
Ibn Isa, from Hareez Bin Abdullah, from Zararah, who has narrated the following from Abu
asws
Jafar :

Imam Abu Jafarasws said in a lengthy Hadith about the Imamate and the
conditions of the Imam: If a man were to Fast during the day, and stand
during the night (for Prayer), and give in charity all of his wealth, and goes to
Pilgrimage in every season, and does not recognise the Wilayat (Mastership)
of the Guardian from Allahazwj and loves himasws, and performs all his actions
in accordance to himasws, he will have no reward from Allahazwj, nor will be
from among the people of Eman (faith).

The Correct Knowledge Only Emanates from Ahl Al-Baytasws


(Ahadith):
( : ] 44266 [
: )
.
H 33166 And from them, from Ahmad, from Al Washaa, from Thalbat Bin Maymoun, from
Abu Maryam who said that Abu Jafar
Hakam Bin Utayba:

asws

said the following to Salmat Bin Kaheel, and Al

Go East or go West, you will not find correct knowledge except that which
has come out from usasws the People of the Householdasws.

The Knowledge Outside the Book and the Sunnah is Useless:


] 44265 [
: ( )
. :
H 33167 And from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, and Ali Bin Muhammad, from Sahal Bin
Ziyad, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Dahqaan, from Darsat, from Ibrahim Bin Abdul
asws
Hameed, who has narrated the following from Abu Al Hassan Musa
:

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74 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Surely knowledge is of three kinds: A decisive Verse, or a just obligation, or


an established Sunnah, and whatever besides these is a waste (useless).

A Just Order is from One of Three Sources:


( ) ( ] 44262 [
: ) ( : )
. :
( )
.
H 33169 And from him, from Moala, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abdullah, from Abu
Jameel, from Ismail Bin Abu Oways, from Mazrat bin Abu Zumrat, from his father, from his
asws
forefather who has narrated the following from Amir-ul-Momineen
said:

Orders to the Muslims are based on three A just witness, or a true oath, or
a Sunnah of the Imamsasws of Guidance.
] ( ) ( ) 44280 [

: ) ( : ( )

. .
H 33180 Ali Bin Muhammad Al Khazaaz in the book Al Kifaya regarding the number of the
asws

Imams , narrates from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad Bin Saeed, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad
Al Safwani, from Marwaan Bin Muhammad Al Sanjaari, from Abu Yahya Al Tamimi, from
asws
Yahya Al Baka who has narrated the following from Ali
:

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Mysaww community will be divided into


seventy three sects, one of these sects will achieve salvation, and the rest of
them will be destroyed, and the one which will achieve salvation is the one
which will attach itself to yourasws Wilayah (Mastership), will take from yourasws
knowledge, and will not act according to their opinions, those ones (the other
72) will not find a way.
] ( ) () 44288 [
( ) ) (
: :
:

H 33188 Ali Bin Al Husayn Al Murtaza In Al Muhkam And Al Mutashabih (The Decisive
and the Allegorical) copied from the Tafseer Al Numani by its chain which is from Ismail Bin
Jabir who narrates the following:
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Abu Abdullahasws from hisasws forefathersasws from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws


in a lengthy Hadith said: As for the refutation of the one who speaks by his
opinion and analogy and approval and Ijtihad and the one who says that
differences are a Mercy, know that we have seen that the one who speaks
by opinion and analogy utilises the allegorical in the decisive orders when he
gets frustrated from understanding the true Orders.
: :
:
( :
)
.
And they say, There is no event but that Allahazwj has Issued an Order about
it, and there is no order which is devoid of two things: Either it has a text for it
or (can be proved by) evidence. And when we see the events for which there
is no text we get horrified, meaning, we refer to the evidence which is
allegorical and warn by it, and always find an order for it, and it is not possible
for there to be an event from the events which can invalidate any of the
Orders of Allahazwj, because The Gloriousazwj has Said "We have not
neglected anything in the Book 6:38" And when we see an Order which
is not empty (i.e. a text exists for it) and the event does not stop us from
issuing an order and warning by it so as not to leave the order free from
having a basis of text or by evidence, and this is permissible with us.

Iblis Made Use of Analogy in his Judgement:


( * : :
) ( : . )
: :
( )
:
: : :

( ) :
.
And they say, And we have seen that Allah azwj utilises analogy in Hisazwj
Book by the allegorical and the parables. Heazwj has Said: "He created man
from dry clay like earthen vessels, And He created the jinn of a flame of
fire 55:14" Heazwj has Likened things to its nearest approximation. They
say, And we have seen the Prophetsaww make us of opinion and analogy by
saying to the woman who asked about the proof from her father, Do you think
that if your father had debts you would have fulfilled them? He saww answered
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something about which hesaww had not been asked about. And hissaww words
to Muaz bin Jabal when hesaww sent him to Yemen, O Muaz! When you see
an event, and you do not find any evidence for it in the Book of Allahazwj, nor in
the Sunnah, what will you make of it? He said: I will utilise my opinion in that.
Hesaww said: Praise be to Allahsaww for having Inclined the Messenger of
Allahsaww towards Hisazwj Pleasure. They say, The utilisation of opinion and
analogy was abundant among the companions, and we take precedence from
them. And these people have a lot of these kinds of arguments to present.
Indeed, they have forged lies against Allah azwj with their words when they said
that Allahazwj is in need of analogy, and they have forged lies against the
Messenger of Allahsaww by saying that which hesaww did not say in hissaww
answer, ever.
:

( )
(
)
. ( )
And weasws say to them in refutation The origins of the Orders are the acts of
worship, and there is no event in the community from the events and that
which comes down upon them, but it has been found from what has been
heard and what has been said and its link is in the Book of Allahazwj, and
similarly with their branches and weasws have taken the origins in all of the acts
of worship and the obligations directly from Allah azwj Mighty and Majestic, Who
has Informed usasws of the obligations, and from the Prophetsaww and from
hissaww appointed Trusteeasws after himsaww, statements about their timings,
and procedure, and quantity from their quantities, from Allah azwj Mighty and
Majestic, for example the obligatory Prayers, and the Zakaat and the Fasts
and the Pilgrimage and the Jihad, and the penalty for adultery, and the
penalty for theft and the likes of these which have come down in the Book of
Allahazwj in summary without detailed explanations. The Messenger of
Allahsaww was the interpreter and the explainer of all the obligations.

) (


. :
We came to know that the obligatory Prayer of Zohr (Mid-day) had four
Raakat (cycles), and the duration after the demise of the sun is the measure
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of the recitation of a person reciting thirty Verses, and this is the difference
between the Meridian (Zawaal) Prayer and the (Zohr) Mid-day Prayer, and the
time for the Prayer of (Al-Asr) the afternoon is from the end of the Prayer of
Zohr up until the time of the setting of the sun, and for the (Maghrib) Evening
Prayer has three Raakat (cycles), and its timing is from the time the sun sets
up until the disappearance of the twilight and the redness, and the time for the
(Ishaa) Night Prayer is another one and its is of four Raakat (cycles) and its
time is wider, and its starting time is when you see the stars and the
disappearance of the twilight and darkness spreads out, and its ending time is
the third of the night, and the (Subh) Morning Prayer has Raakat (two cycles),
and its timing is from the start of dawn till the light of the morning.

.
( ) (
)

( )
( ) ( )


.
And the Zakaat is obligatory on wealth and other than wealth, and in a
measure different to others, and at different times, and similar is the case with
the other obligations which Allahazwj has Enjoined upon Hisazwj servants, Told
them to obey in accordance with their capacity. And were not a link found by it
to the Revelation of the Book of Allahazwj, and the statements of the
Messenger of Allahsaww as explained by us, and the indication of its effects
and the correct News (Hadith) not related to the other people, not one of the
people would have been obligated to perform the obligatory acts of worship.
That is in accordance with his intellect and the establishment of the meanings
of the obligatory acts and the statement of the meaning that Allah azwj has
Conveyed regarding all that has been mentioned before on the truth of their
conditions, and it is not correct to establish the obligatory acts by analogy and
opinion, nor is it possible for the intellect alone to interpret whether the
obligatory cycles of Zohr Prayer are four rather than five or three, nor to
explain whether to Pray it before sunset or after it, or whether the bowing
(Ruku) precedes the Prostration or not, or vice versa, or to decide upon the
penalty for adultery with a married woman or an unmarried one, or on which
wealth Zakaat is obligated. Were we to leave these obligatory acts with the
intellect alone, it would not have been possible to perform these correctly, or if
you do not separate analogy from the Law and its link. If the Law is present in
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the heard and the spoken word, then it is not upon us to exceed its limits, nor
is that permissible that we should be free from the Messages brought to us
(by the Messengersasws) of the Orders and the Prohibitions by the Most
Highazwj.

.
. ) (


.
And just like the principles are not obligatory except by the heard and the
spoken (Hadith), similarly it is for the branches and the events, which have
been Avoided by the Most Highazwj it does not obligate to acquire these by
analogy apart from the link by the heard and the spoken (Hadith). And as for
their argumentation and announcement that analogy is the similarity and
example and it is permissible to judge by these, and to refer to the events as
well in this manner, this is clearly impossible, and a condemnable statement,
for we have seen that Allahazwj has Issued the same Order regarding many
matters although they are different and Issued different Orders regarding the
similar matters. That is evidence for us that from the Actions of Allah azwj
similarity of matters does not necessitate the Issuance of similar Orders, as is
being claimed by the proponents of analogy and opinion.





.
And that when they became frustrated from establishing the orders in
accordance with what was Sent down in the Book of Allah azwj, and they refuse
to take from thoseasws whoseasws obedience has been Obligated by Allahazwj
for the servants, thoseasws that never go astray, nor do theyasws err nor forget,
and whomasws Allahazwj has Sent down Hisazwj Book, and Ordered the
community to refer to themasws in suspicious matters for decisions, and they
sought the government (leadership) and desired to destroy the world, and the
way of their ancestors who had claimed to be the Guardians from Allah azwj,
then it was necessary that they got frustrated, for they made the claim that
opinion and analogy was an obligation, and for the people of intellect their
frustrations differentiated them from the Religion of Allah azwj, and that the
intellect on its own is not definitive, and cannot explain the difference between
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taking something by wrath and looting and by stealing and although they are
similar, one of them necessitates the cutting, whilst the other one does not.


) (

( ( ) :
. ) ( )
And their corruption is evident as well when they refer anything to their fellows
and peers, I find the adultery with a married woman and a virgin to be the
same, and one of them necessitates stoning and the other one only the skin.
We understand that the orders that have been taken from the heard and the
spoken by link (Nass) in accordance with what has been referred by it is
different from placing reliance upon the peers and helpers, and this is clear
evidence on the corruption in their statements, and the decision indebted by
analogy was to wipe the soles of the feet was apparent to them. Allah azwj Says
in the story of Ibleesla regarding the statement of analogy "Thou hast created
me of fire, and him Thou didst create of dust" 38:76 Allahazwj
Condemned himla when hela did not know what is between them, and the
Messenger of Allahsaww and the Imamsasws condemned analogy, and this has
been inherited by some from the others, and they have narrated it from their
Mastersasws.
: :


!
.
( :
( ) : )
.
Heasws said: And as for the refutation of the one who speaks by Ijtihad and
thinks that all the Mujtahids are right, and they do not say, They, with their
Ijtihad have reached the true meaning with Allah azwj Mighty and Majestic,
because in their condition of their Ijtihad, they overturn the Ijtihad by Ijtihad
and their argumentations and their decisions by it cuts their own speech as
false. Which evidence shall Iasws present over these people of weak beliefs
who speak by Ijtihad and opinion, when their affair is as what I asws have
related?

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And they think that it is impossible that they should do Ijtihad and do not get to
the truth in totality, and these words of theirs is mischief, because in their
Ijtihad they differ and deficiencies transpire by them. What will be more
strange than this that they are saying by their opinion and Ijtihad that Allah azwj
in this Religion has not placed any burden beyond their capacity, and the
same for the Prophetsaww, "and wherever you are turn your faces towards
it,- 2:150 And this is their thinking and perspective by Ijtihad, and they are
mistaken in this explanation, and mistaken in their statement.
: ) ( :


( : ( ) :
!) ( : )
They say that there are the words of the Messengersaww which hesaww spoke to
Muaz Bin Jaballa, and they claim that hesaww has allowed that (Ijtihad), but the
truth is that Allahazwj has not burdened them with Ijtihad, because Heazwj has
Established for them the evidence, and raised for them scholars, and affirmed
for them the Proofsasws. It is impossible that Heazwj should Force them to what
they dislike after having Sent to them Messengersasws with detailed
explanation of the Permissible and the Prohibited, and did not leave them in
vain in what were frustrated in referring to the Prophetsaww and the Imamsasws.
How can that be and Heazwj Says "We have not neglected anything in the
Book" 6:38 and Heazwj Says "This day have I completed for you your
religion" 5:3 and Heazwj Says "and We have revealed the Book to you
explaining clearly everything" 16:89?


(
)
.


.
( )
.
And from the evidence of the mischief in their speech by the Ijtihad and the
opinion and the analogy is that there is nothing the like of which cannot be
found in the origin, or that they can extract it by their search if they were to
search for it. It is not permissible by the Justice of Allahazwj that Heazwj should
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burden them with that. And if they had given examples on the origin, the origin
would not have been left (they would destroy it/amend it).

Ones Own Interpretation of the Holy Verses is Forbidden:


[ ] 44225 ( ) ( )
: : .
H 33195 Muhammad Bin Masud Al Ayyashi in his Tafseer from Amaar Bin Musa has
narrated the following:

Abu Abdullahasws, said, When I asked himasws about the government, heasws
said: Whoever issues orders between two (people) has disbelieved , and the
one who interprets a Verse from the Book of Allahazwj has disbelieved.

[ ] 44228 :
( ) : !
: : :
: ( ) ( ) :
: : ! .
H 33198 And from Zararah, and Abu Hanifa together, from Abu Bakr Bin
Hazam who said a person performed ablution and then wiped his feet
(masaah) over his socks. He entered the Masjid and Prayed. Ali asws came and
held him by the neck and said: Woe be unto you! You are Praying without
ablution? He said, It was Umar Ibn Khattab that had ordered me so.
He said that heasws took him to Umar and said: Look at what this man is
narrating from you, in a loud voice. He said, Yes, I had ordered him so, for
the Messenger of Allahsaww wiped hissaww feet over hissaww socks. Heasws said:
Before the (Chapter of) Maaidah or after it? He said, I do not know. He asws
said: Why do you issue Fatwas, and you do not know? The Book of Allah azwj
is Decisive for this.
[ ] 44222 ( ) :
(
) ( )
(
)

( ) :
(
) .

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H 33199 And from Ishaq Bin Amaar, from Abu Abdullah asws - in a Hadith
said: Those who claim to be Fuqaha (Mujtahids) and scholars conjecture they
can prove the whole of their jurisprudence (Fiqh) and the Religion of whatever
is needed by the community from them, and they do not know all the
knowledge of the Messenger of Allahsaww nor has anything come to them from
the Messenger of Allahsaww, nor do they understand it, and that when a matter
of permissible and prohibited gets referred to them, and they are asked about
it, and they do not have with them any evidence from the Messenger of
Allahsaww, and they are ashamed that the people would point to them as being
ignorant, and they do not like being questioned about it nor do they have any
answer for it.
The people would then get the knowledge from its origin, and that is why they
use opinions and analogies in the Religion of Allah azwj, and they avoid the
evidence, and they make innovation to be the religion. And, the Messenger of
Allahsaww said: Every innovation is a straying. Had they, when questioned
about anything from the Religion of Allahazwj, when they did not have any
evidence from the Messenger of Allahsaww, referred it to Allahazwj and the
Messenger of Allahsaww and those in authorityasws, theyasws would have made it
known to them what theyasws had deduced (Istinbaat) from the Progenyasws of
Muhammadsaww.
] ( ) 44100 [
: ) ( ( ) :
:
.
H 33200 Furaat Bin Ibrahim in his Tafsaeer from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin
Ismail, from Zayd in a Hadith when the Words of Allahazwj When there
comes the Help of Allahazwj and the victory, the Chapter 110 was Sent
down, the Messenger of Allahsaww said: Allahazwj has Decided about Jihaad
(Holy war) for the believers in the trials that are to come after me saww, until
hesaww said: They will fight on the Hadith in the Religion against those that act
according to opinion in Religion, and there is no opinion in Religion. Surely,
the Religion is from the Lordazwj, Hisazwj Orders and Hisazwj Prohibitions.

Ahadith also Get Abrogated like the Verses of Quran:


] 11621 [
: ) ( :
( )

( )
: ( )
: :
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( )
. ! :
H 44614 - Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Hamaad Bin
Isa, from Ibrahim Umar Al Yamani, from Aban Bin Abu Ayyash, from Suleym Bin Qays Al
Hilali, said:

I said to Amir-ul-Momineenasws, I hear from Salman and Al-Miqdad and Abu


Dharr something of the explanation of the Quran, and the Ahadith from the
Prophetsaww which is not in the hands of the people, then hear from you asws its
ratification of what I have heard from them, and saw in the hands of the
people many things from the explanation of the Quran, and the Hadith from
the Prophetsaww which youasws are opposed to, and think all of them to be
false. Have the people invented lies ascribed to the Messenger of Allah saww,
and are explaining the Quran by their opinion?
Heasws came near me, then said: You have asked, and so understand the
answer. In the hands of the people there is right and wrong, and truth and lies,
and Abrogating and the Abrogated, and the general and the special, and the
Decisive and the Allegorical, and the preserved and the illusion, and forged
lies on the Messenger of Allahsaww from before, to the extent that hesaww
issued a sermon, and said: O people! A lot of lies have been ascribed to
mesaww. Whosoever has done this deliberately will have a seat in the Fire.
:

: ( )
( )
) ( :
( )
:

Then lies were still ascribed to himsaww afterwards. Ahadith have reached you
from four, and there is no fifth A hypocritical man who displays faith,
manufactures Islam, poses as such, and does not feel it as wrong to ascribe
lies to the Messenger of Allahsaww until heasws said: And the man who heard
from the Messenger of Allahsaww something, did not understand its
perspective, and does not intend to lie. It is in his hands, he speaks by it, and
acts by it, and narrates it. He says, I have heard this from the Messenger of
Allahsaww. If the Muslims think it to be imagination they should reject it, and if
they know it to be from himsaww then it is an obligation.
And the third man heard from the Messenger of Allahsaww something that
hesaww ordered then prohibited it later on, and he did not know, or prohibited it,
and then ordered it later on, and he did not know. He memorised the
abrogated and did not memorise the abrogating. Had he known it to have
been abrogated, he would have rejected it, and had the people known that
what they have heard from his is an abrogated order, they would have
rejected it.

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) (
) (
( )
.
And lastly is the one who did not ascribe lies to the Messenger of Allah saww,
hated lying due to his fear of Allahazwj, and respect for the Messenger of
Allahsaww, and did not forget it, but memorised what he had heard exactly. He
went with it as he had heard it, did not add anything to it, and did not leave
anything out from it, and knew the abrogating from the abrogated. He acted
upon the abrogating one, and rejected the abrogated one, for the order of the
Prophetsaww is similar to the Quran, from which there is the Abrogating and the
Abrogated, and the special and the general, and Decisive and Allegorical.
( )
( ) :

. .
And that which came from the Messenger of Allahsaww had two perspectives
General speech and special speech like the Quran until heasws said: That
which came down to the Messenger of Allahsaww of the Verses of the Quran,
hesaww read it to measws and made measws write it down which Iasws wrote it by
myasws own handwriting, and taught measws its explanation and its
interpretation, and its Abrogating and its Abrogated, and its Decisive and its
Allegorical, and its Special and its general, and supplicated to Allah azwj for
measws to be Given understading and its preservation. Iasws did not forget any
Verse from the Book of Allahazwj, nor that which Iasws was taught and made to
write it down.
] 44625 [
: : ) (
: ( )
.
H 33615 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from
Usman Ibn Isa, from Abu Ayyub Al Kharraz, from Muhammad Bin Muslim who says:

Abu Abdullahasws said when it was said to himasws, What is the reason that the
people narrate from such and such, from the Messenger of Allahsaww, and they
cannot be accused of lying, and what comes from youasws is different to that?
Heasws said: Surely the Ahadith also get abrogated like the Quran gets
Abrogated.
] 44626 [
: : ( )
: : : ) (
) (
.

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H 33616 And from Ali Bin IBrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Najraan, from Aasim Bin
Hameed, from Mansour Bin Haazim who says:

Abu Abdullahasws in a Hadith said, I said to himasws, Inform me about the


companions of Muhammadsaww, whether they ascribed truth to himasws or lies?
Heasws said: But they spoke the truth. I said, Why is then that there are
differences? Heasws said: A man came to the Messenger of Allah saww. He
asked himsaww a question. Hesaww gave him the answer, then Came down
something which Abrogated that particular answer. The Hadith abrogates the
Hadith, some of them by some others.
] 44625 [

: ( )
: ) (
.
H 33617 And from him, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Yunus, from Mahzam, and from
some of our companions, from Muhammad Bin Ali, from Muhammad Bin Ishaq Al Kahily, and
from Abu Ali Al Ashary, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Al Kufy, from Al Abbas Bin Aamir, from Rabie
Bin Muhammad altogether, from Mahzam Al Asady who narrates:

Abu Abdullahasws in a Hadith said: The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Isaww


am the city, and Aliasws the Door, and he is a liar who thinks that one can enter
the city before entering first from the door.

A Clear Proof can only be Presented from Ahadith:


] 44541 [
: ) ( :
: ( ) : :
: ( ) :

:
( ( )
. : )
H 33532 Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, rom Al Fazl Ibn Shazaan,
from Safwan Bin Yahya, from Mansour Bin Hazim who said:

I said to Abu Abdullahasws, Surely Allahazwj is Higher and Honourable from


being recognised by Hisazwj creation until he said I said to the people, Do
you not know that the Messenger of Allahsaww was the Proof from Allahazwj to
Hisazwj creation? They said, Yes. I said to them, When the Messenger of
Allah saww passed away, who was the Proof of Allahazwj on Hisazwj creation?
They said, The Quran. I looked in the Quran and saw that the Murjiites and
the Qadiriyya (Eternalists) and the Zindiq (Atheists) who do not even believe
in it, have overcome the (other) men by the arguments from it.

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I understood that the Quran is not Proof except for its establishment, so that
whoever speaks by it is speaking the truth until he said I hereby testify
that Aliasws was the establisher of the Quran, and that obedience to him asws
was obligatory, and was the Proof on the people after the Messenger of
Allahsaww, and that what heasws said regarding the Quran, that was the truth.
Heasws said: May Allahazwj have Mercy on you.
: ] 44544 [
( )
: : ( ) : :
: :
: : ) (
: :
: ( ) :
. .
. ( )
H 33533 And from Ali Bin IBrahim, from his father, from Yunus Ibn Yaqoub who said;
I was with Abu Abdullahasws, when a Syrian came by who mentioned the
Hadith in a debate he had with Hisham Bin Al-Hakam until he said, Hisham
asked: Who is the Proof after the Messenger of Allahsaww?
The Syrian replied: The Book and the Sunnah.
Hisham asked: Can the Quran and the Sunnah profit us from eradicating the
differences among us?
The Syrian replied: Yes.
Hisham asked: Then why is there a difference between you and me, and you
have come to us from Syria in opposition to us all the way to here?
The Syrian became silent.
Abu Abdullahasws said: What has happened to you that you do not speak?
The Syrian replied: If I were to say that we have no differences, it would be a
lie, and if I were to say that the Book and the Sunnah would eradicate the
differences from us, it would be invalid, because they both bear perspectives
until the Syrian said At this time who is the Proof? Hisham stood up, This
one seated here to whom people come to, and he asws informs us of the news
from the sky.
And in this Al-Sadiqasws has praised Hisham.
] 44541 [
: ) (
: : ) (
: : ( ) :
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: : ( )
: :
) ( : : :
( ) :
: : :
: ( )
: ( )

.
H 33534 And from Muhammad Bin Abu Abdullah, and Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from
Sahl Bin Ziyad, and from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad altogether,
from Al Hasan Bin Al Abbas Bin Al Haraysh says:

Abu Jafar the Secondasws said: Abu Abdullahasws said and mentioned the
Hadith, and in it some men asked hisasws fatherasws some questions, and from
the answers that heasws gave them:
Heasws said to them: Were there ever displayed any differences from the
Messenger of Allahsaww from the Knowledge of Allahazwj? If they say No, then
say to them, Who was the one who issued orders in which there were
differences from the Messenger of Allahsaww? If they were to say Yes, then it
would invalidate their previous statement, so say to them but none knows its
interpretation except Allah, and those who are firmly rooted in
knowledge 3:7
If they say, But who are the ones firmly rooted in knowledge? Say, The ones
in whose knowledge there is no discrepancy. If they say, Who is that? Say,
The ones whom the Messenger of Allahsaww made them the Mola master of
it until heasws said: And if the Messenger of Allahsaww did not appoint anyone
as Caliph after himsaww then hesaww wasted those who were to come from the
loins of men after them.
Heasws said, And is not the Quran sufficient for them? Heasws said: Yes, if they
were to find its (correct) explanation therein. He asked: And that is what the
Messenger of Allahsaww has explained? Heasws replied: Yes, hesaww explained
it to one man, and explained to the community the glory of that man, and he is
Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws until heasws said: And the Decisive are not many
things, but only one thing. The one issues a verdict in which there are no
differences, his verdict would be from the Verdicts of Allah azwj Mighty and
Majestic. However, the one who issues a verdict in which there are
differences that his opinion might be right, he, would, certainly have issued a
verdict from the Devil.
] 44545 [
:
. ( )
H 33535 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin
Amr Al Yamany, from Suleym Bin Qays Al Hilali narrates:

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: Surely Allahazwj has Purified usasws, and Made


usasws to be infallible, and made usasws as witnesses on Hisazwj creation, and
Hisazwj Hujjat (Proof) in Hisazwj earth, and Made usasws to be with the Quran
and the Quran to be with usasws, neither are weasws separate from it, nor is it
separate from usasws.
] 44546 [
: ) (
.
H 33536 From a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al
Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Ayoub Bin Al Hur, from Umran Ibn Ali,
from Abu BAseer is reported:

Abu Abdullahasws said: Weasws are the ones firmly rooted in knowledge, and
weasws know its interpretation.
] 44545 [
( : ( )
) ( )
. .
H 33537 And from Ali Bin Muhammad, from Abdullah Bin Ali, from Ibrahim Ibn Ishaq,
from Abdullah Bin Hamaad, from Bureyd Bin Muawiya, from one of them
azwj
Words of Allah
Mighty and Majestic:

asws

regarding the

But none knows its interpretation except Allah, and those who are firmly
rooted in knowledge 3:7. The Messenger of Allahsaww is the best of those
that are firmly rooted in knowledge. Allahazwj Had Taught himsaww the whole of
that which had come down upon himsaww of its explanation, and what Allahazwj
had Sent down upon himsaww of anything and (hesaww) did not leave until after
teaching all of it to his Trusteesasws to come after himsaww.
] 44548 [
( : : ) (
. ) ) ( 2( ) ) (
H 33538 And From Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Moala Bin Muhammad, from
Muhammad Ibn Awrma, from Ali Bin Hisaan, from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Kaseer who says:

Abdullahasws said: The ones who are firmly rooted in knowledge are The
Amir-ul-Momineenasws, and the Imamsasws from hisasws sonsasws.
( : ] ( ) 44542 [
.) ( : : )
H 33539 And by this chain from Abu Abdullahasws in a Hadith regarding
the Words of The Highazwj but none knows its interpretation except Allah,
and those who are firmly rooted in knowledge 3:7 said: The Amir-ulMomineenasws and the Imamsasws.

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

] 44510 [
( : ( ) :
. )
H 33540 And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Ali, from Hamaad Ibn
Isa, from Al Husayn Bin Al Mukhtar, from Abu Baseer who said:

I heard Abu Jafarasws say this Verse Nay! these are clear communications
in the breasts of those who are granted knowledge 29:49 He asws struck
his asws hand on his asws own chest.
( ] 44512 [
(: ( ) : )
. )
H 33541 And from him, from Muhammad Bin Ali, from Ibn Mahboub, from Abdul Aziz AlAbady, who said:
Abu Abdullahasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic Nay!
these are clear communications in the breasts of those who are granted
knowledge 29:49, said: These are the Imamsasws.

The Meanings of between the two covers of


the Book
: ] 44511 [
: ( ) : ( )
. : :
H 33452 And from him, from Muhammd Bin Ali, from Usman Bin Isa, from Samat, from
Abu Baseer, who said:

Abu Jafarasws recited this Verse Nay! these are clear communications in
the breasts of those who are granted knowledge 29:49 then said: By
Allahazwj, O Abu Muhammad! What has been Said between the two covers of
the Book. I said, And who are they, may I be yourasws sacrifice? Heasws said:
Who else can it be other than usasws?
] 44514 [
: ( ) : : ( )
.
H 33543 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bi Al Husayn, from Yazeed
Shar, from Haroun Bin Hamza who says:

Abu Abdullahasws was heard saying Nay! these are clear communications in
the breasts of those who are granted knowledge 29:49 : These are the
Imamsasws especially.

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90 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

] 44511 [
) ( :
. . :
H 33544 And from Ali Bin Muhammad, and Muhammad Bin Al-Hasan, from Sahl Bin
Ziyad, from Al Qasim Bin Rabie, from Ubaydullah Abu Hashim Al Sayrafi, from Amro Bin
Masab, from Salmat Bin Mahraz who said:

I heard Abu Jafarasws say: Who else know the knowledge that has been
Given to usasws of the explanation of the Quran, and its Orders?
] 44515 [
: : ) (
.
H 33545 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Abu Zahid, from Al Khashaab,
from Ali Bin Hisan, from Abdul Rahman Bin Kaseer says:

Abu Abdullahasws said: One who had the knowledge from the Book 27:40
until heasws said: And with usasws by Allahazwj is the knowledge of the
whole Book.
] 44516 [
( : ) ( :
: )
.) (
And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, and from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad
Bin Al Hasan, mentioned by them altogether, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Ibn Azinat, from
Bureyd Bin MUawiya who said:

I asked from Abu Jafarasws (about the Verse): Say: Allah is sufficient as a
witness between me and you and whoever has knowledge of the Book
13:43.
Imamasws replied: This means usasws, and Aliasws is the first of usasws and the
most preferable of usasws and the best of usasws after the Prophetsaww.
] 44515 [
: ( )
.
H 33547 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from
Muhammad Ibn Al Hasan, from Abaad Bin Suleyman, from Muhammad Bin Suleyman, from
his father, from Sudeyr narrates:

Abu Abdullahasws in a Hadith said: The knowledge of the whole Book by


Allahazwj is with usasws, the knowledge of the whole Book by Allahazwj is
with usasws.

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91 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

] 44512 [
: ) (
( :
)
. .) (
H 33549 And from Ali Bin Muhammad, from one of our companions, from Adam Bin
Ishaq, from Abd Al Razaaq Bin Mahraan, from Al Husayn Bin Maymoun, from Muhammad
Bin Saalim narrates:

Abu Jafarasws said: Surely the people have spoken about the Quran without
knowledge, and that is in what Allahazwj has Said:
He it is Who has revealed the Book to you; some of its verses are
decisive, they are the basis of the Book, and others are allegorical; then
as for those in whose hearts there is perversity they follow the part of it
which is allegorical, seeking to mislead and seeking to give it (their own)
interpretation. but none knows its interpretation except Allah, 3:7 the
Verse and so the Abrogated are from the Allegorical and the Abrogating are
from the Decisive.
] 44550 [
) ( : ) ( :
. : ) ( ) (
.
H 33550 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Ibn AL
Hakam, from Sayf Bin Umeyr, from Abu Al Sabah who said:

By Alllahazwj Abu Jafarasws said to me: Surely Allahazwj Taught Hisazwj


Prophetsaww the Revelation and its explanation. The Messenger of Allahsaww
made it known to Aliasws then said: And usasws by Allahazwj.
] 44552 [
: ( )
.
H 33551 And from him from Abdullah Bin Jafar, from Al Sayyari, from Muhammad Bin
Bakr, from Abu Al Jaroud, from Al Asbagh Bin Nabata narrates:

Amir-ul-Momineenasws in a Hadith heasws said; There is nothing that you


seek but it is in the Quran. The one who intends that should ask me asws.

The Difference between the Quran and the Furqan:


: ] 44551 [
: ( ) ( )
.

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92 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33552 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Sinan, or another one, who
said:

I asked Abu Abdullahasws about the Quran and the Furqan, whether they are
one and the same thing? Heasws said: The Quran is the whole of the Book,
but the Furqan are the Decisive Verses upon which it is obligatory to act.

One Should not Interpret One Set Quranic Verses from


Others:
) ( ] 44554 [
. : :
H 33553 And from him, from his father, from Al-Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Al-Qasim Bin
Suleyman who says:

Abu Abdullahasws said: Myasws fatherasws said: The man who struck part of the
Quran by another part has disbelieved.
( 14 ] 44551 [
: )

( . : :
( : )
)
: ) (


( :
.)
H 33554 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Haroun Bin Muslim, from Masadat Bin Sadaqat
who narrates:

Abu Abdullahasws in a Hadith argumentation on Sufiism in which it has been


argued against himasws by the Verse from the Quran regarding altruism and
ascetism, said:
Do you have the knowledge of the Abrogating (Verses) of the Quran and its
Abrogated ones, and the Decisive and the Allegorical, by the use of similar
ones the straying ones go astray, and those who get destroyed from this
community get destroyed?
They said, Some of it, but not all of it. Heasws said to them: It is all here that
you will get it from, and that is the Hadith of the Messenger of Allahsaww until
heasws said; It is such an evil way that you are going on, and carrying the
people with you on it due to your ignorance of the Book of Allah azwj, and the
Sunnah of Hissaww Prophetsaww and hissaww Hadith which have been ratified by
the Book that has been Sent down, and have rejected these due to your
ignorance and avoided these by considering the strange interpretation of the
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Quran, the Abrogating, and the Abrogated, and the Decisive, and the
Allegorical, and the Orders and the Prohibitions, until heasws said: Leave that
which is ambiguous to you, and that which you have no knowledge of, and
refer the knowledge to the knowledgeable onesasws so you can be Rewarded,
and present your apologies to Allahazwj, and be the seekers of the Abrogating
Ones of the Quran from its Abrogated, and the Decisive Ones from its
Allegorical, and what Allahazwj has Permitted in it and what Heazwj has
Prohibited, for that will bring you closer to Allahazwj and take you further away
from ignorance. Leave the ignorance for the ignorant ones, for the people of
ignorance are numerous, and the knowledgeable onesasws are few, and that is
what Allahazwj has Said and above every one possessed of knowledge is
the All-knowing one 12:76
] 44555 [
* ( : ( ) :
: * )
. :
H 33555 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, and from a
number of our companions, from Sahl Bin Ziyad altogether, from Ibn Mahboub, from Jameel
Bin Saleh who said:

I asked Abu Jafarasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic
The Romans are vanquished, In a near land 30:1-2 said: Surely, the
interpretation of this, no one knows except for Allah azwj, and those that are
firmly rooted in knowledge from the Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww until
heasws said: Have Iasws not told you this interpretation and explanation, and in
the Quran there are Abrogations and Abrogated.

Nasabis had also Claimed themselves Faqqi:


] 44556 [
: ) ( :
: : ) ( :
: ) ( :) (
!
. !
H 33556 - And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid,
from his father, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Zayd Al Shahaam who said:

Qatada Bin Damat came over to Abu Jafarasws. Heasws asked: O Qatada! Are
you a Faqih of the people of Basra?
He replied: This is what they think.
Abu Jafarasws asked: Iasws have been told that you explain the Quran?
Qatada replied to himasws: Yes.

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94 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Jafarasws said to him: If you have interpreted it by knowledge then it is


yours and Iasws am questioning you until Abu Jafarasws said: Woe be unto
you O Qatada! If you are interpreting the Quran from yourself, then you are
destroyed and will get others to be destroyed. If you are interpreting it from
the people, you are destroyed and will lead others to destruction. Woe be unto
you O Qatada! But the only onesasws who understand the Quran are the
onesasws who have been addressed by it.
] 44555 [
: ( )

) ( ) (

.
H 33557 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Sad Ibn Al
Munzar Bin Muhammad, from his father, from his grandfather, from Muhammad Bin AlHusayn, from his father, from his grandfather, from his father the following:

Amir-ul-Momineenasws, said the following in one of his sermons: Surely, no


one has the knowledge of the Quran, except for the one who has tasted it.
(Other than him) has learnt its knowledge from his ignorance, and got
eyesight from his blindness, and heard it from his deafness, and acquired
realisation from lack of understanding, and got life by it from his death.
You should seek (the knowledge of Quran) from its people asws and its special
onesasws, for theyasws are the special light from which illumination can be
sought, and the Imamsasws whoasws can be modelled. Theyasws are the life for
knowledge and the death for ignorance, and theyasws are the onesasws who
inform you of their Visionsasws from theirasws knowledge, theirasws silence from
theirasws speech, theirasws apparent from theirasws hidden. Theyasws do not
oppose the truth, nor do theyasws differ in it.

A Verdict should be a Hadith and not a Fatwa:


: ) ( ] 44558 [
: : :
. ) (
H 33558 And it has come before in the Hadith of Ubeyda Al Salmany, from Aliasws, said:
Be afraid of Allahazwj and do not issue Fatwas to the people in a matter that
you do not know until he said, What do we make of what we have been
informed in the Book? Heasws said: Ask about that from the scholars of the
Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww.

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95 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Quranic Verses Should never be Interpret but Understood by


Ahadith:
: : ) ( ] 44552 [
. .

H 33559 And in the Hadith of Riyan Bin Al-Salah it is narrated:


Al-Rezaasws from hisasws forefathersasws, said: Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic
has Said: He is not safe from Meazwj, the one who explains Myazwj Speech by
his own opinion.
] ( ) 44560 [

) ( :
:


H 33560 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn in Al Amaali from Muhammad Bin Amr Al Hafiz
Al Baghdady, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Sabit, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Al
Abbas Al Khazaie, from Hasan Bin Husayn Al Arny, from Amro Bin Sabit, from Ataa Bin Al
Saib, from Abu Yahya, from Ibn Abbas who said:

The Messenger of Allahsaww said to him when he mentioned a sermon of


hissaww: Surely Aliasws is mysaww brother, and mysaww successor, and heasws is
mysaww Caliph, and heasws is the speaker from mesaww. If you were to seek
guidance from him heasws will guide you, and if you were to follow him asws
heasws will give you salvation, and if you were to oppose himasws you will go
astray. Allahazwj Sent down the Quran upon mesaww, and it is such that the one
who opposes it has gone astray, and the one who seeks its knowledge from
any one other than Ali sws will perish.
] 44562 [
( )
) (
:


.
H 33561 And from Al Hassan Bin Muhammad Bin Saeed Al Hashamy, from Furat Bin
Ibrahim Bin Furat Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Zaheer, from Muhammad Bin AL Hasan, son
of the brother of Yunus Al Baghdady, from Muhammad Bin Yaqoub Al Nahshaly who says:

Al-Rezaasws, from, from Mikaeel, from Israfeel, from Allahazwj Mighty is Hisazwj
Might, Said: "Iazwj am Allahazwj. There is no god except Meazwj. Iazwj have
Created the creation by Myazwj Power. Iazwj Chose from them whosoever Iazwj
Wanted as Myazwj Prophetsas, and Chose from all of them Muhammadsaww.
Iazwj Sent himsaww as a Messenger to Myazwj creation, and Iazwj have Chosen for
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96 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

himsaww Aliasws and Made himasws to be hissaww brother and successor and the
caller after himsaww to Myazwj creation, and Myazwj Caliph to Myazwj servants, to
explain to them Myazwj Book, and clarify for them Myazwj Orders, and Made
himasws as a guide of knowledge against the ignorance, and Myazwj Door as an
entrance to Meazwj.
] 44561 [
: ( )
.) ( :
H 33562 And from Ahmad Bin Ziyad Bin Jafar Al Hamdany, from Ali Bin Ibrahim Bin
Hashim, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad Al Barmakky, from Abu Al-Salah Al Harwy who
narrates:

Al-Rezaasws in a Hadith heasws said to Aban Al-Jahm: Be afraid of Allahazwj,


and do not interpret the Book of Allahazwj by your opinion, for Allahazwj has Said
but none knows its interpretation except Allah, and those who are firmly
rooted in knowledge 3:7.
] 44564 [

: ) ( : ) (
!
. .
H 33563 And from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Al Sanany, from Muhammad Bin Jafar Al Jufy
Al Asdy, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Al Barmakky, from Abdullah Bin Ahmad, from Al Qasim
Bin Suleyman, from Thabit Bin Abu Safiya, from Saeed Bin Alaqa, from Abu Saeed Aqeya
who narrates the following:

Al-Husaynasws, from hisasws fatherasws said: The Messenger of Allahsaww said:


O Aliasws! Youasws are mysaww brother, and Isaww am yourasws brother, and Iasws
have been Chosen for Prophet-hood, and youasws have been Chosen for
Imamate, and Isaww am the Sahib (Source) of the Revelation, and youasws are
the Sahib of the interpretation.
] 44561 [

( : ( ) :
: : )
( :
. : )
H 33564 And from Muhammad Bin Al Mutawakkil, from Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar,
from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Qasim Bin Yahya, from his grandfather Al Hasan
Bin Rashid, from Amro Bi Maglas, from Khalf, from Atiya Al Ufy, from Abu Saeed Al Khudry
who said:

I asked the Messenger of Allahsaww about the Words of Allahazwj the High One
who had the knowledge of the Book said 27:40: That is the trustee of
mysaww brother Suleyman Bin Dawoodas. O Messenger of Allahsaww, what
about the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic Says: Allah is sufficient as
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97 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

a witness between me and you and whoever has knowledge of the


Book? Hesaww said: That is mysaww brother Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws.

Inheritors of the
Masomeenasws:

Book

and

the

Prophets

are

only

] ( ) ( ) 44565 [
(
( : )
: : : )
: : ) (
: ) ( :
( ) :
: : ) (
:
.
H 33565 And in Al Amaly and Uyoon Al Akhbar from Ali Bin Al Husayn Ibn Shazwiya Al
Mu;dab, and Jafar Bin Muhammad Bin Masroor altogether, from Muhammad Bin Abdullah
Bin Jafar Al Humeyri, from his father, from Al Royan Bin Al Salah who says:

Al-Rezaasws in a Hadith said that Mamoun had asked the scholars of Iraq
and Khorasaan about the Words of the Highazwj Then We gave the Book for
an inheritance to those whom We chose from among Our servants 35:32
so the scholars said, Allahazwj has Intended by that to be the whole of the
community.
Mamoun said, What do youasws say, O Abu Al-Hassanasws? Al-Rezaasws said:
If Heazwj Intended the whole community by it then all of them should be in
Paradise until heasws said: It follows that these are the Purified Progenyasws
and not others. Mamoun said, And who are the Purified Progenyasws? AlRezaasws said: Theyasws are the onesasws who have been Described by
Allahazwj in Hisazwj Book by Saying Allah only desires to keep away the
uncleanness from you, O people of the House! and to purify you a
(thorough) purifying 33:33, and theyasws are the onesasws about whomasws
the Messenger of Allahsaww said: Isaww am leaving behind mesaww among you
two weighty things, the Book of Allahazwj and mysaww Progenyasws the People of
the Householdasws, and these two will not separate until they come to me saww
at the Fountain.
Look at how you treat them after mesaww among you. O People! Do not try to
teach them, for theyasws are more knowledgeable than you, - until heasws said:
It follows that the inheritors of the Book are the Guided ones asws, and not the
immoral ones.
] ( ) 44566 [

(
: ( ) : )

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'


. : ( )
.
H 33566 And in the book Al Tawheed from Jafar Bin Al Al Qummi Al Faqih, from Abdaan
Bin Al Fazl, from Muhammad Bin Yaqoub Bin Muhammad Al Jafary, from Muhammad Bin
Ahmad Bin Shuja Al Farghany, from Al Hassan Bin Hamaad Al Anbary, from Ismail Bin Abdul
Khaleel Al Barqy, from Abu Al Bakhtary Wahab Bin Wahab Al Qarshy who narrates:

Al-Sadiqasws, from hisasws forefathersasws, that the people of Basra had written
to Al-Husayn Bin Aliasws asking himasws about Al-Samad (The Last), heasws
wrote to them: In the Name of Allahazwj the Beneficent the Merciful. Anyway,
do not run with the Quran do not argue in it without knowledge, for I asws have
heard myasws grandfather the Messenger of Allahsaww say: One who speaks
from the Quran without knowledge, will ensure his place in the Fire.
: ) ( ] ( ) 44565 [
: :
:

) (
) ( :
. ( )
H 33567 And in Uyoon Al-Akhbaar by his chain from Al-Fazl Bin Shazaan, (it is written):
Al-Rezaasws in hisasws letter to Al-Mamoun said: Islam is purely the testifying to
There is no god but Allahazwj until heasws said: It is the ratification of its True
Book until heasws said: And all of it is truth from its opening to its end, weasws
believe in its Decisive, and its Allegorical, and its Special, and its General, and
its Promises Given and Promises Taken, and its Abrogating and its Abrogated,
and its Stories, and its News, and its Evidence after it, and the Proof on the
believers, and the speaking from the Quran, and the knowledge and its
wisdom is hissaww brotherasws, and hissaww Caliph, and hissaww Trustee, and
hissaww Guardian is Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws and mentioned the Imamsasws
then said: The one who opposes them asws has gone astray and has led
(others) astray, the avoider of truth and guidance, and theyasws have the
correct understanding of the Quran, and are the speakers from the
Messengersaww by clear explanations.

Quranic Verses can only be Understood by Ahadith:


] ( ) 44568 [
:
: ) (
( ) :

. .

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33568 And in Al Khisal from Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiyah, from Muhammad Bin
Abu Al-Qasim, from Muhammad Bin Ali and Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Mufazzal, from Jabir
Bin Yazeed, from Saeed Bin Al Musayab, from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Samarat, who says:

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Allahazwj has Cursed those that dispute
Regarding the Religion of Allahazwj by the tongue of seventy Prophetsas, and
one who disputes regarding the Verses of Allahazwj has disbelieved, Allahazwj
has said: None dispute concerning the communications of Allah but
those who disbelieve 40:4 and one who explains the Quran by his opinion
has forged a lie against Allahazwj, and one who issues Fatwas to the people
without knowledge is cursed by the Angels of the heavens and the earth, and
every innovation is a straying, and every straying leads to the Fire.
] ( ) 44562 [
: ( ) :

( )

H 33569 Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid Bin Al Barqy from Al Mahasin from Al Hasan
Bin Ali Bin Fazal, from Thaalbat Bin Maymoun, who has narrated from Ibn Khunays who said:

Abu Abdullahasws said in a letter: As for what you have asked about the
Quran, that is also from the dangers for you of different kinds, because the
Quran is not as you have mentioned it to be, and all that you have heard of its
meanings they are different from what you are going with, and the Quran is an
example to the peopleasws who know and not for others, and the people asws
who explain it as it should be rightfully explained, and theyasws are the ones
who believe in it and understand it, and as for the others it is extremely difficult
for them, and distances them from the religion of their hearts.
( ) : ) (


) ( :




.
And that is what the Messenger of Allahsaww has said: There is nothing further
from the hearts of the men than the explanation of the Quran, and therein is
that which baffles the whole of creation except for one asws whom Allahazwj
Desires, and most surely it is the Intention of Allah azwj that they should end up
at Hisazwj Door and Hisazwj Way, and they should worship Himazwj, and end up
in the obedience to Hisazwj Speech by Hisazwj Book, and the speakers of Hisazwj
Orders, whoasws will deduce whatsoever that which they need for themselves.
Then said: and if they had referred it to the Messenger and to those in
authority among them, those among them who can search out the
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

knowledge of it 4:83 As for the others, they will never be able to get this
knowledge for them, ever, nor will they find it, and you know that the whole of
creation cannot be Ul-Il-Amr (those in authority), because then they will not
find anyone to issue orders on, or tell them the Orders and the Prohibitions of
Allahazwj.
Allahazwj has Made the Ul-Il-Amr to be the special ones so that they can be
followed. Understand this, Allahazwj Willing, and beware and beware of
interpreting the Quran by your opinion, for the people are not involved in this
knowledge like they are involved in other matters, nor do they have the power
over its explanation, except for thoseasws that have been made to be its doors
by Allahazwj. Understand this, Allahazwj Willing, and seek the Orders from its
rightful place and you will find it, Allahazwj Willing.

The One who Thinks that the Book is unclear is Destroyed:


( ] 44550 [
: : ( ) )
: :
:

. .
H 33570 And from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Abu Ismail Al Siraj, from Khaysamat Bin
Abdula Rahmaan Al Jufy, from Abu Al Waleed Al Bahrany, then Al-Hijry reports:

Abu Jafarasws, a man said to himasws, Youasws are the one who says that there
is nothing from the Book of Allahazwj except good. Heasws said: This is not
what Iasws have said until heasws said: The Quran has an Apparent, and
Hidden, and Meanings, and Abrogating, and Abrogated, and Decisive, and
Allegorical, Sunnah, and Examples, and Details, and Summaries, and Letters,
and the Depth. The one who thinks that the Book is unclear is destroyed and
will make others to be destroyed.
] 44552 [
. : ( ) :
H 33571 And from his father, from Al-Nazr Bin Suweyd, from Yahya Bin Umran Al-Halby,
from Abd Al Hameed Bin Awaaz Al Taie who said:

I heard Abu Abdullahasws say: The Quran has the boundaries like the
boundaries of a house.

There is nothing further from the intellects of the men than


the explanation of the Quran:
] 44551 [
( ) :
] ! [ : :
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101 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

!
.
H 33572 And from his father, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Muhammad Bin Al Fuzeyl, from
Bishr Al Wabishy, from Jabir Bin Yazeed who said:

I asked Abu Jafarasws about an explanation of something. Heasws answered


me. Then I asked himasws for the second time. Heasws gave me another
answer.
I said, Youasws have answered me about this matter differently. Heasws said:
O Jabir! Surely the Quran has a hidden meaning which itself has a hidden
meaning, and it has an apparent meaning which itself has an apparent
meaning. O Jabir! There is nothing which is further from the intellects of the
men that the explanation of the Quran, and the beginning of its Verse is about
one thing and its ending is about another, and it is a Speech which revolves
around perspectives.
: ] ( ) ( ) 44551 [
.


.
H 33574 Al-Tabarsy in Al-Ihtijaj reports:
The Prophetsaww in hisasws argumentation on the Day of Ghadeer: It is on
measws to explain the Book of Allahazwj, and Iasws am the one who calls to it. Be
aware that the Permissible and the Prohibitions are too numerous for me saww
to start counting them and make them known.
Isaww order to the Permissible and prohibit from the Prohibition on one
occasion. Isaww have been Ordered to take the allegiance and covenant from
you, to accept by it that which has Come from Allah azwj Mighty and Majestic
regarding Aliasws Amir-ul-Momineenasws, and the Imamsasws to come after
himasws. Group of People! Ponder on the Quran, and understand its Verses,
and look at its Decisive Ones, and not at its Allegorical Ones. By Allah azwj! No
one will be able to show you its treasures nor clarify for you its explanation,
except for the oneasws whose hand Isaww am holding.

All Deeds are Rejected in the Taqleed of a Non-masoom:


] ( ) 44555 [
( : : ) (
( : )
( : ( ) : )
: ( ) : )


:
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102 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

.
( )
. .
H 33575 And from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws in hisasws argumentation
against the Atheist (Zindiq), was asked about the Allegorical Verse of the
Quran, heasws answered him until heasws said -: Allahazwj has Made
knowledge to be with its rightful people and made it obligatory on the servants
to be obedient to themasws by Hisazwj words O you who believe! obey Allah
and obey the Messenger and those in authority from among you - 4:59
and by Hisazwj Words and if they had referred it to the Messenger and to
those in authority among them, those among them who can search out
the knowledge of it 4:83 and by Hisazwj Words O you who believe! be
careful of (your duty to) Allah and be with the True Ones - 9:119 and by
Hisazwj Words but none knows its interpretation except Allah, and those
who are firmly rooted in knowledge 3:7 and by Hisazwj Words and go into
the houses by their doors 2:189 and these houses are the houses of
knowledge which had been Given to the Prophetsas and their doors are the
Trusteesasws.
All deeds that have been performed by other than the hands of the
Trusteesasws, and theirasws covenants, and theirasws limits, and theirasws Laws
and theirasws Ways (Sunnah) and features of theirasws Religion are rejected
and are not acceptable, and its performer is at the status of disbelief even
though he may have the characteristics of belief, then surely Allahazwj has
Divided Hisazwj Speech in three categories:
A category, which can be understood by the knowledgeable one as well as by
the ignorant;
A category which no one can understand except with a clear mind, kind
temperament, correct etiquette, one whose chest has been Expanded for
Islam by Allahazwj;
A category that no one knows except for Allahazwj, and the Angels and those
who are firmly rooted in knowledge, and Heazwj has Done it like this so that the
false people would not be able to claim to be the inheritors of the Messenger
of Allahsaww from the knowledge of the Book, nor be able to claim that which
Allahazwj has not Made them to be, that they should be engulfed by arrogance
and not obey the onesasws who are the Guardians of the Orders (Wali-UlAmr).
( ) : ] 44556 [
:
( )

( :
( : )
. .)

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103 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33576 And from Musa Bin Uqba it is reported:


Muawiya told Al-Husaynasws to ascend the pulpit and deliver a semon. Heasws
praised Allahazwj, then said: Weasws are the party of Allahazwj which will
overcome, and the Progeny of Hisazwj Prophetsaww the near ones, one of the
weighty things which the Messenger of Allahsaww had left, the second being
the Book of Allahazwj in which is the detail of every thing. No falsehood
approaches it from the front, and nor from behind it, and relying upon us asws
for its explanation. Weasws do not conjecture for its interpretation, but follow its
truth.
Take it from usasws for obedience to usasws has been obligated upon you for it
has been coupled with obedience to Allahazwj and obedience to the Hisazwj
Messengersaww. Allahazwj Says O you who believe! obey Allah and obey the
Messenger and those in authority from among you; then if you quarrel
about anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger - 4:59 and Says and if
they had referred it to the Messenger and to those in authority among
them, those among them who can search out the knowledge of it would
have known it 4:83.
] ( ) 44555 [
: ) ( :
: : !
.
H 33577 Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffaar in Basaair Al Darajaat from Muhammad
Bin Al Husayn, from Al Nazar Bin Shuayb, from Khaalid Bin Maad Al Qalaanasy, from Abu
Dawood, from Anas Bin Malik, said:

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: O Aliasws! Youasws teach the people the
explanation of the Quran which they do not know. Aliasws said: How shall Iasws
tell the people yoursaww Message, O Messenger of Allahsaww? Hesaww said;
Inform the people when they have difficulty in the explanation of the Quran.
: ] 44558 [
: ( )
.
H 33578 And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Barqy, from Al Marzaban Bin Amran,
from Ishaq bin Amaar, said:

I hear Abu Abdullahasws say: As for the explanation of the Quran, from it is
that which has come and from it is that which has not come. When an
explanation transpires during a period, then the Imam asws from the Imamsasws
of that time period knows that.
( ] 44552 [
: )
.

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104 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33579 And from him, from Al-Husayn Bin Saeed, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim
Bin Umeyr says:

Heasws said: Surely in the Quran is that which has the past, and that which is
current, and that which is yet to come, and in it are the names of men which
have Iasws have been notified of, and the perspectives of one name are
countless. The Trusteesasws are aware of those.
] 44580 [
: ( ) :
[ ] :
( :
. )
H 33580 And from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Mansour
Bin Yunus, from Ibn Azinat, from Fuzeyl Bin Yasir, said:

I asked Abu Jafarasws about this narration There is nothing from the Quran
but it has an apparent and a hidden.
Imamasws said: The apparent is its revelation, and its hidden is its
interpretation, and from it is that which is past, and from it is that which is yet
to transpire, flowing like the flowing of the sun and the moon. All the
explanation of anything is as applicable to the living as it was to the dead.
Allahazwj Says but none knows its interpretation except Allah, and those
who are firmly rooted in knowledge 3:7 Weasws know it.
] 44582 [
: ) (
. ) (
H 33581 And from Al Fazl, from Musa Bin Al Qasim, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, or another one,
from Jameel Bin Daraaj, who reports:

Abu Jafarasws said: The explanation of the Quran is on seven perspectives,


from it is that which is past, and from it is that which is yet to transpire. The
Imamsasws are aware of it.
) ] ( 44581 [
: ( ) :
:
) (
. .
H 33582 And from Muhammad Al Husayn, from his father, from Bakr Bin Saaleh, from
Abdullah Bin IBrahim Al Jafary, from Yaqoub Bin Jafar, said:

I was with Abu Al-Hassanasws in Mecca, someone said to him, Youasws are
explaining from the Book of Allahazwj that has never been heard of before.
Heasws said: It came down on usasws before it was to the people, and has been
explained to usasws before it has been explained to the people. Weasws know its
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105 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Permissibiles and its Prohibitions, and its Abrogating Ones and its Abrogated
Ones, and in which night It came down, and for whom. Weasws are the
Governors of Allahazwj in Hisazwj earth.
: : ) ( ] 44584 [

( :
.)
H 33583 And from him, from Waheeb Bin Hafs says:
Abu Abdullahasws said: Surely in the Quran there are Decisive and Allegorical
Ones. As for the Decisive, weasws believe in them and act upon them, and
make them to be the Religion of Allahazwj, and as for the Allegorical Ones,
weasws believe in them, but do not act upon them, and that is in the Words of
Allahazwj then as for those in whose hearts there is perversity they follow
the part of it which is allegorical, seeking to mislead and seeking to give
it (their own) interpretation. but none knows its interpretation except
Allah, and those who are firmly rooted in knowledge 3:7.
( : ] 44581 [
. : )
H 33584 And from Muhammad Bin Khalid, from Sayf Bin Umeyrat, from Abu Baseer, said:
Abu Jafarasws said: Weasws are those who are firmly rooted in knowledge, and
weasws know its explanation.
] 44585 [
( : : : ) (
.) ! : ) (
H 33585 - And from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, and Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Ibn Abu
Umeyr, from Amr Bin Azinat, from Bureyd Bin Muawiya says:

Abu Jafarasws said when it was said to himasws, The Words of Allahazwj Nay!
these are clear communications in the breasts of those who are granted
knowledge 29:49 youasws are them? Heasws said: Who else can these be
apart from usasws?
] 44586 [
( .) (
.) ! ( : ( ) : )
H 33586 - And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Safwaan,
from Ibn Muskaan, from Hamza Bin Hamraan, from Abu Jafar
Abu Al Jahm, from Isbaat, narrated:

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asws

. And from Al Barwy, from

106 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Abdullahasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj Nay! these are clear
communications in the breasts of those who are granted knowledge
29:49 said: Who else can these be?
] 44585 [
( : : ) (
.)
H 33587 And from him, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad, from
Muhammad Bin Yaha, from Abdul Raheem says:

Abu Jafarasws, said: Surely this knowledge terminates here regarding the
Quran, then placed hisasws fingers together, then said: Nay! these are clear
communications in the breasts of those who are granted knowledge
29:49
] 44588 [
: ) (
. ) ( ) (
H 33588 And from Al Husayn Bin Ali, from Abdullah Bin Al Mugheera, from Ubeys Bin
Hisham, from Abdul Kareem, from Samaat Bin Mehran said:

Abu Abdullahasws said: Surely Allahazwj Taught Hisazwj Messengersaww the


Permissibles and the Prohibitions and the explanation. The Messenger of
Allahsaww taught all of hissaww knowledge to Aliasws.
( : ( ) ) ] ( 44582 [
. : ) 2( )
H 33589 Al-Tabarsy in Tafseer Al Sagheer narrates:
Al-Sadiqasws regarding the Words of the Highazwj and whoever has
knowledge of the Book 13:43 said: This means usasws and Aliasws is the
foremost of usasws.
)2(

) ( : ] ( ) 44520 [
. :

H 33590 And from Al Baqirasws and Al Sadiqasws regarding the Words of the
Highazwj Then We gave the Book for an inheritance to those whom We
chose 35:43 said: This is especially for usasws, meaning usasws.
: ( ) : ] ( ) 44522 [
. ( )
H 33591 Abd from Al Baqirasws regarding Hisazwj Words but none knows its
interpretation except Allah, and those who are firmly rooted in
knowledge 3:7 said: The Messenger of Allahsaww is the highest of the
firmly rooted ones.
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

( : ] ( ) 44521 [
. ) ( : )
H 33592 And from himasws regarding Hisazwj Words and if they had referred
it to the Messenger and to those in authority among them, those among
them who can search out the knowledge of it 4:83 said: These are the
infallible Imamsasws.
] ( ) ( ) 44524 [
: ( )
( :
)
.

.
H 33593 Ali Bin Al Husayn Al Murtaza in Risalat Al Muhkam Wa Al Mutashabeh copied
from Tafseer of Al Numani by his chain from Ismail Bin Jabir narrates:

Al-Sadiqasws said: Surely Allahazwj Sent Muhammadsaww, and Completed by


himsaww the Prophetsas. There will be no Prophetas after himsaww, and Sent
down on himsaww the Book, and Completed by it the Books. There will be no
Book after this until heasws said: The Prophetsaww preserved the knowledge
in hissaww Trusteesasws.
The people avoided themasws although theyasws were witnesses for the people
of every time period, to the extent that they became inimical to those that
revealed the Mastership of the Masters of the Orders (Wali Ul Amr), and those
that sought knowledge theirasws knowledge. And that happened when they
struck a part of the Quran with another part, and sought by its Abrogated
Ones, and they thought it to be the Abrogating Ones, and sought by Its
Special Ones thinking it to be for the general people, and sought first by the
Verse and avoided the Sunnah in Its explanation, and did not look at the
inception of the Speech, and where it ends, and did not know its resources
and its sources. Since they did not take it from those that were Its people asws,
they went astray and led others to go astray.
( )
: ) (
( .
: ( ) : )
( :
. )
(
. . )
Then heasws mentioned a lengthy speech regarding the categories of the
Quran, its types and arts and perspectives, which exceeded one hundred and
ten until heasws said -: And this is clear proof that the Speech of the
Designer, the Glorious is not similar to the speech of the creation, just like
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108 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Hisazwj Actions are not similar to their actions. This is the reason that no one
can get to the true meanings of the explanation of the Book of Allah azwj the
High, except for Hisazwj Prophetsaww or hissaww Trusteesasws until heasws said
when heasws was asked about the Decisive from the Book of Allah azwj, Heasws
said: As for the Decisive, it is that which does not get Abrogated by anything,
for that is in the Words of Allah azwj Mighty and Majestic He it is Who has
revealed the Book to you; some of its verses are decisive, they are the
basis of the Book, and others are allegorical 3:7 the Verse.
And surely the people got destroyed regarding the Allegorical, because they
did not reach its meanings, and did not understand its realities. They clarified
its explanation by their own opinions, and freed themselves of the need of
asking the Trusteesasws, and discarded the words of the Messenger of
Allahsaww and placed it behind their backs.
: ] ( ) ( ) 44521 [


[ ]
) (


. . :
H 33594 Al-Hasanasws Bin Ali Al-Askaryasws in hisasws commentary after a
lengthy speech regarding the virtues of the Quran, said:
Do you know who are those that attach themselves to this great honour?
These are the ones who take the Quran and its explanation from us asws the
People of the Householdasws or from those intermediaries (narrators of
traditions) who are between usasws and our Shiites, and not from the disputers
or those that indulge in analogies. And if someone speaks from the Quran by
his opinion, and even if by coincidence turns out to be right, he will still be
ignorant in that he took it from the wrong source.
This is like the one who goes on a journey on a dangerous road without any
protection and by mere coincidence arrives safely, he would still be
condemned by the people of intellect, but if he gets devoured by dangerous
animals then he would be condemned by the people of intellect as well as the
ignorant common folk.
But if he were to make a mistake by his opinion in the Quran then he will have
taken up residence in the Fire. His example is that of the one who sails in the
ocean without a navigator, or the correct ship. There will be no one who hears
the news of his death but will say that he was deserving of the destruction.
] ( ) 44525 [
( : : ( )
. ! )

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109 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33595 Furaat Bin Ibrahim in his commentary, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, by his chain
from Sad Bin Tareef who says:

Abu Jafarasws in a Hadith of hisasws conversation with Amro Bin Ubeyd


said: As for the Hisazwj Words and to whomsoever My wrath is due be shall
perish indeed 20:81 It is on the people to read the Quran as it was
revealed. Whenever they need its explanation, it with usasws and only usasws O
Amro!
( ) : ] ( ) 44526 [
. : : :
H 33596 Al-Ayyashi in his commentary from Abdul Rahman Al-Salmy narrates:
Aliasws passed by a judge and said: Do you know that Abrogating from the
Abrogated? He said, No. Heasws said: You are destroyed and leading others
to destruction. The explanation of every letter of the Quran is on its
perspective.
: ) ( ] 44525 [
.
H 33597 And from Abu Baseer is reported:
Abu Abdullahasws said: One who explains the Quran by his opinion, if he gets
it right, he will get no reward for it, but if he errs, he has fallen from higher than
the sky.
: : ) ( ] 44528 [
.
H 33598 And from Amaar Bin Musa reports:
Abu Abdullahasws said when questioned about the government: One who
issues an order between two by his opinion has disbelieved, as well as the
one who explains from the Book of Allah azwj (by his opinion) has also
disbelieved.

An interpreter of a Verse, is further Away from its True


Meanings than the distance between the sky and the earth:
: ) ( ] 44522 [
. :
H 33599 And from Abu Al-Jaroud says:
Abu Jafarasws said: When you know about it say it, and when you do not
know about it, say Allahazwj Knows, when a man interprets a Verse, he is
further from it than the distance between the sky and the earth.
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110 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: ( ) : ] 44600 [
.
H 33600 And from Abdul Rahman Bin Al Hajjaj said:
I heard Abu Abdullahasws say: There is nothing more distant from the intellect
of the men than the Quran.
. : ) ( ] 44602 [
H 33601 And from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Yasser who says:
Al-Rezaasws said: Whosoever. Gives opinion in the Book of Allahazwj has
disbelieved.
: ( ) ] 44601 [
. :
H 33602 And Zararah narrates:
Abu Jafarasws said: Beware of rivalry, for it gets deeds to be confiscated, and
destroys Religion. When one of you gives his own meaning to a Verse, he
falls from higher than the sky.
. : ) ( ] 44604 [
H 33603 And from him, from Abu Jafarasws, said:
The Quran has been revealed with both the Abrogating and the Abrogated.
: ) ] ( 44601 [
. ) (
H 33604 And from him, from Abu Jafarasws, said:
There is nothing more distant from the intellects of the men than the
explanation of the Quran. In a Verse, its beginning will be for something, and
its middle will be for something, and its ending will be for something.
! : ) ( : ] 44605 [

. ( )
H 33605 And from Jabir who said:
Abu Abdullahasws said: Surely, the Quran has a hidden, and the hidden has an
apparent, and there is nothing more distant from the intellects of the men than
it. In a Verse, its beginning will be regarding something, and its middle will be
regarding something, and its ending will be regarding something, and it
revolves on its perspectives.
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

) ( ] 44606 [
. ) 2( :
H 33606 And Al-Sakuny says:
Jafar Bin Muhammadasws, from hisasws forefathersasws, from the Messenger of
Allahsaww, said: Heasws is from you who will fight over the explanation of the
Quran, just as Isaww fought over its Revelation, and heasws is Aliasws Ibn Abu
Talibasws.
: ) ( ] ( ) 44605 [
.
H 33607 Al-Tabarsy in Majma Ul Bayan from Ibn Abbas who narrates:
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: One who speaks regarding the Quran
without knowledge has secured a seat from the Fire.
: ( ) : ] 44608 [
. :
H 33608 It has come from the Prophetsaww from the narrations of the general (Muslims)
and the special, that he

saww

said:

Iasws am leaving among you that which if you were to attach yourselves to it,
you will never go astray the Book of Allahazwj, and mysaww Progenyasws the
People of mysaww Household, and these two will not separate until they return
to mesaww at the Fountain.
: ) ( ) ( : ] 44602 [
.
H 33609 It has come from the Prophetsaww and the Imamsasws:
The interpretation of the Quran, there is no permission for it except by the
correct effect (Hadith), and the clear link (to the Quran).
: ( ) : ] 44620 [
.
H 33610 And the general (Muslims) have narrated from the Prophetsaww:
One who interprets the Quran by his opinion, even though he may be correct,
has erred.
] ( ) 44622 [
( : ( )
: ( ) : )
. ( )

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112 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33611 Ali Bin Ibrahim in his commentary, from Ahmad Bin Idrees, from Muhammad Bin
Abdul Jabbar, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hamaad Bin Usman, from Muhammad Bin Muslim
who narrates:

Abu Jafarasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj I swear by the night when it
draws a veil 92:1 said: The night in this subject is the second one (Umar),
(and) veiled (is the) Amir-ul-Momineenasws in his government until heasws
said And the Quran has struck examples for the people, and has addressed
Hisazwj Prophetsaww by it, and weasws know it. There is no one else apart from
usasws who knows it.
: : ] 44621 [
. ) (

.
H 33612 - And it is narrated that Allahazwj does not Address the public,
including those who do not know, the reason is that He azwj only Address to
Those in the Book who are Infallibleasws, since theyasws know it, as theyasws are
aware of all intricacies of the Divine Message. The Commands are then
displayed on the Koran and are demonstrated by the Sunnah. Otherwise one
cannot act (to Divine Instructions) through mere imagination. If one tries to
then it will be based on the guess, which is prohibited.

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113 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Chapter Five: The Uncertainty and the Confusion

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114 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

One Should Abstain Until a Clear Hadith Becomes Available:


] 44161 [
:
( )
: :
. :
H 33464 Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, and from
Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Al Fazl Bin Shazaan altogether, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, and
safwaan Bin Yahya altogether, from abdul Rahmaan Bin Al Hajjaaj who said:

I asked Abu Al-Hassanasws about two men who had violated the hunting
prohibition whilst being in Ahraam, do they both have to pay the penalty
together, or each one of them has to pay the penalty separately? He asws said:
No, but for each of them will be the penalty. I said, One of our companions
asked me about that. I did not know what to say to him. Heasws said: If you
come across such issues about which you do not know, it is on you to be
precautionary, until you ask about it, and get to know it.
] 44165 [
: ) (
.
H 33465 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali
Bin Al Nomaan, from Abdullah bin Muskan, from Dawood Bin Farqad, from Abu Saeed Al
Zuhry says:

Abu Jafarasws, said: Abstaining under doubt is better than indulging in


destruction, and avoid narrating a Hadith is better than narrating it incorrectly.
] 44166 [
( : ( )
: )
( :
.)
H 33466 And from him, from Ahmad, from Ibn Al Fazaal, from Ibn Bakeyr says:
Hamza Bin Al-Tayyar who presented to Abu Abdullah asws a sermon of hisasws
fatherasws, until he came to a particular subject from it, he asws said: Enough,
and be silent. Then Abu Abdullahasws said: There is no flexibility in what has
come down for you, that which you do not know, except for pausing and
remaining steadfast, and referring to the Imamsasws of guidance, until theyasws
make you reach what is Intended by it, and illuminate for you that in which you
are blind, and make you understand the truth contained therein. Allahazwj has
Said: so ask the people of al-Zikr if you do not know 16:43.

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Religious Commands are of Three Types:


] 44151 [
: ( )
.) ( :
: ) (
:
.
H 33472 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from
Muhammad Bin Isa, from Safwaan Bin Yahya, from Dawood Bin Al Husayn, from Umar Ibn
Hanzala:

Abu Abdullahasws in a Hadith said: And as for the orders, there are three
An order in which guidance is clear and it gets followed, and the order in
which straying is clear and it gets avoided, and the order which is difficult
(to understand), it gets referred to Allahazwj and to Hisazwj Messengersaww.
The Rasool Allahsaww said: Permissible is clear, and Prohibition is clear, and
confusing ones are between that. One who avoids the confusing matters will
be saved from the Prohibitions, and one who takes to the confusing matters
will get involved in the Prohibitions, and will be destroyed without even
knowing about it. Then hesaww said at the end of the Hadith: Surely abstaining
during confusion is better than indulging in destruction.
] 44122 [
( : ) ( ) (
: : )

.
H 33491 And by his chaing from Ali Bin Mahzyar, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Haaris
Bin Muhammad Bin Al Numan Al Howl, from Jameel Bin Haaleh who says:

Al-Sadiqasws, from hisasws forefathersasws, said that the Rasool Allahsaww said
in a lengthy speech -: The orders are three An order which clarifies for you
guidance, follow it, and the order which clarifies for you error, keep away from
it, and an order in which there is differing, so refer it to Allahazwj.
( ] 44151 [
. : )
H 33474 And from him, from Ahmad, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Ibn Bakeyr, from
Zarara says:

Abu Abdullahasws said: Had the servants abstained during ignorance, they
would not have struggled nor would they have disbelieved (denied).
] ( ) 44156 [
: ( )
.
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116 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33476 Ala Husayn Bin Saeed in the book Al Zohd from Ali Bin Al Numan,
from Ibn Muskaan, from Dawood Bin Farqad, from Abu SHayba, from one asws
of the twoasws (Imams) said in a Hadith: To abstain during confusion is better
that indulging in destruction.

The Aql, the Knowledge and the Lowly Person:


: ) ( ] 44168 [
:

. ) (
H 33468 And from one of our companions, with a chain leading up to Mufazzal Bin Umar
(who says):

Abu Abdullahasws said: He will not succeed, the one who has no Aql
intellect143, and he does not has Aql the one who has no knowledge, - until
heasws said:
One who gets over-involved gets into trouble, and one who is afraid of the
end result remains steadfast from that which he does not know, and one who
rushes onto an affair without knowledge will get his nose into the ground (in
the dust), and one who does not know does not understand, and one who
does not understand, does not submit, and one who does not submit does not
honour, and one who does not honour does injustice, one who is unjust is a
lowly person, and one who has these traits is as if he was free from
embarrassment.
( : ] 44162 [
: )
. ) (
H 33469 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid,
ignoring the chain, said:

Abu Abdullahasws said: Do not take anyone apart from Allah azwj as a confidant,
or else you will not be a believer, for every reason, and links, and relations,
and confidants, and innovations will be invalidated except for what has been
established by the Quran.

Deeds will not be Accepted without Certainty:


: ) ( : ] 44150 [
.
H 33470 And from them from Ahmad who said regarding the will to Mufazzal Ibn Umar,
asws

that Abu Abdullah


143

said:

Aqaal means the means to recognise the Just, the Imam


Hadith.
www.hubeali.com

asws

of the time, as per a famous

117 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

One who doubts, or conjectures/concludes, and gets established on any one


of them, his deeds will be confiscated. Surely, the Proof asws of Allahazwj is a
clear Proofasws.
] 44154 [
: ( )
:
.
H 33473 And from him, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al
Husayn Bin Al Jaroud, from Musa Bin Bakr Bin Daab from one who narrated from Abu
asws
Jafar
in a Hadeth:

Imamasws said to Zayd Bin Ali: Surely, Allahazwj Allowed the Permissibles, and
Forbid the Prohibitions, and Made mandatory the Obligations, and Highlighted
(all of these by giving) examples, and Established the Sunnah, - until heasws
said: If you were to be on the Proofsasws from your Lordazwj, and are convinced
about Hisazwj Orders, and its explanation is in accordance to your prestige,
then this is your prestige, and do not indulge in Orders in which for you there
is doubt and confusion.
] 44152 [
. : ( )
H 33471 And from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, and Ali Bin Muhammad altogether, from
Sahl, from Ahmad Bin Al Masny, from Muhammad Bin Zayd Al Tabary reports:

Al-Rezaasws in the Hadith of Khums said: Wealth does not become


Permissible except in the perspective in which Allah azwj has made it to be
Permissible.

Do not Act under Confusion (Wa Allah ho Allam bil Sawab):


( ) ( ] 44158 [
: : )
.
H 33478 And the Hadith of Masad Bin Ziyad, from Jafarasws, from hisasws forefathersasws
the following:

The Prophetsaww, said: Do not unite in Nikaah during confusion, pause during
confusion until hesaww said: Surely pausing during confusion is better than
indulging in destruction.
: ( ) ] 44152 [
.
H 33479 And the Hadith of Al Ala Bin Siyaba, from Abu Abdullahasws until:

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118 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Heasws said: Surely the Nikaah is appropriate, and in appropriate matters


there is precaution, and that is the female, and from that birth takes place.
] ( ) ( ) 44180 [
: ! :


.
H 33480 Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Al-Razy in Nahj Ul-Balagah reports:
Amir-ul-Momineenasws in hisasws letter to Usman Bin Hunayf, in-charge over
Basra (wrote): After this, O Ibn Hunayf! Iasws have been told that a young man
of Basra invited you to a feast; you hastened towards it. A variety of food was
presented to you in colourful utensils, and I asws did not even think that you
would respond to have food from such people, where the poor get rebuffed
and the rich get invited. Look at the food that you partake from this feast.
Wherein there is doubt, Iasws shall inform you about it, and the purity of that
which you are convinced of, eat willingly from it.
: ] ( ) 44182 [
:
.
H 33481 And from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws in hisasws letter to Maalik Al-Ashtar:
Appoint an honourable person from your citizens for yourself for the issuance
of orders, - until heasws said: Pause them during confusion, and deal with
them with evidence, and at least until the adversaries come over, and tell
them to be patient until the uncovering of the orders, and keep them in control
during clear governance.
: ] ( ) 44181 [
. :
H 33482 And from Aliasws in a sermon of hisasws: Do not say that which you
do not understand, for many a time truth is in that which you find to be
abhorrent until heasws said: Do not act in accordance with opinion in that
which you do not have profound vision, and your thought does not permeate
it.
! : ] ( ) 44184 [
!


.
H 33483 And from himasws, said in a sermon of hisasws: How strange! What
Iasws find it to be strange about the errors of this sect is the proofs they present
in their religion! There is no trace of the effects of the Prophet saww, nor do they
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119 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

imitate the actions of the Trusteeasws. They act in confusion and go towards
their desires, the goodness among them is what they enjoin, and the evil
among them is what they abhor. In dilemmas their solace is within
themselves, and their interpretations of the ambiguities, is based on their
opinions. It is as if each one of them was an imam himself, taking from the
narrations only that which strengthens his own opinion, giving reason for the
decisive ones.
! : ] ( ) 44181 [

:
.
H 33484 And from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws whoasws said in hisasws will to
hisasws son Hassanasws: O myasws son! Hold yourasws speech in that which
youasws do not understand, and giving a sermon about which you asws have not
been burdened with, nor attach yourself asws to the way in which there is fear of
straying, for pausing during surprise of straying is better than riding the
events until heasws said: Before that, start by seeking help by yourasws
Lordazwj, and desire to be so inclined, and avoid all confusing matters which
lead to uncertainty, or that which delivers youasws to straying.

That Who has an Answer (Fatwa) to Every Question is insane!


] ( ) 44500 [
: ) ( :
.
H 33500 And in Maany Al Akhbaar from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Al Saffar, from
Ibrahim Bin Hisham, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Hamza Bin Hamraan who said:

Abu Abdullahasws said: Surely, the one who answers every question that is
posed to him, is insane.
. : ) ( : ] 44185 [
H 33485 And heasws said: One who avoids saying I do not know will face
destructive difficulties.
. : ) ( : ] 44186 [
H 33486 And heasws said: There is nothing better than abstainment during
confusion.
: ) ( : ] 44185 [
.
H 33487 And heasws said: Confusion has been named as such because of
its similarity with the truth. As for the Guardiansasws of Allahazwj, the illumination
for themasws is in theirasws conviction, and theirasws evidence is with Guidance,
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120 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

and as for the enemies of Allahazwj, in their call is straying, and their evidence
is in blindness.
: ) ( : ] 44188 [
.
H 33488 And heasws said: For the one for whom the lessons explain that
which is in front of him as examples, detain him from indulging in confusion.
] ( ) 44182 [
) ( :
. : : :
H 33489 Muhammad Bin Amr Bin Abd Aziz Al Kashy in his book Al-Rijaal from
Hamdawiya, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Mufazzal Bin Qays Bin
Ramana who said:

I said to Abu Abdullahasws, Surely our companions differ in a matter. I say to


them that in what I have said are the words of Jafar Bin Muhammad asws.
Heasws said: This is what was brought down by Jibraeel.
( ) : ] 44120 [
:
.
H 33490 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husaynasws says:
Amir-ul-Momineenasws said in a sermon to the people, mentioning in his asws
speech: The Permissibles have been made clear, and Prohibitions have been
made clear, and confusing ones are between that. The one who avoids that
which is confusing to him from the sins, he will be the best avoider of the
disobedience to Allahazwj. One who strolls around the confusing matter will
soon enter them.

The most pious is the one who pauses during confusion.


] 44121 [
. . : ) (
H 33492 And from Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya, from his uncle, from Al Barqy, from Al
Abbas Maroud, from Abu Shoaib, with a chain going up to Abu Abdullah

asws

, said:

The most pious of the people is the one who pauses during confusion.
] 44124 [
: : : ) (
. .
H 33493 And from his father, from Sad, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad, from Al Manqary,
from Fuzayl Bin Ayaaz narrates:
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121 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Abdullahasws said when it was said to himasws, Who is the most pious of
the people? Heasws said: The one who turns his back to the Prohibitions of
Allahazwj, and keeps away from them, for if he does not fear during confusion
he will end up in the Prohibitions, without even being aware of it.
) ] ( 44121 [
: ) ( : ) (
.
H 33494 And in Iqaab Ul Amaal, from his father, from Sad Bin Abdullah, from Ahmad Bin
Abu Abdullah, from his father, from Bakr Bin Muhammad Al Azdy who says:

Abu Abdullahasws said that Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: Surely the doubter and
the disobedient are in the Fire, they are not from usasws, nor is there anything
towards usasws.

The Withheld Knowledge:


] 44126 [
: ) (
.
H 33496 And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Yahya, from his father, from Ahmad Bin
Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Sazaal, from Dawood Bin Farqad, from Abu Al Hassan Zakariya
Bin Yahya who says:

Abu Abdullahasws said: The knowledge that Allahazwj has withheld from the
servant is that which is not for them.
: ] 44125 [
.
H 33497 It has come in the Hadith of the waiting period of marriage, heasws said:
When you come to know that she is in her waiting period, but you do not
know how much of it is left, then the proof has been established for her, so
you should question her, until you come to know of it.
] 44128 [
. : ) ( :
H 33498 And from his father, from Sad Bin Abdullah, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad,
from Suleyman Bin Dawood Al Munqary, from Hafs Bin Ghiyaas who said:

Abu Abdullahasws said: One who acts in accordance with what he knows, it is
sufficient for him from that which he does not know.

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122 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

What One Should Do upon Faced by the Contradictory


Ahadith?
] ( ) 44122 [
: ( )

.
H 33499 And in Uyoon Al Akhbaar from his father, from Sad, from Al Masmaiy, from
Ahmad Al Hassan Al Maysami who says:

Al-Rezaasws in a Hadith regarding the differences of Hadith said: When


you do not find in any matter from this perspective, refer it back to usasws of its
knowledge, for weasws are foremost for that, and do not speak out of your
opinions, and it is on you to pause and be steadfast in that pause, and you are
the seekers by research, until you come across its explanation from us asws.
] ( ) 44502 [
: ) (
.
H 33501 And in Al Khisaal from Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya, from his uncle
Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim, from Al Abbas Bin Marouf, from Abu Shoaib with a chain
asws
going up to Abu Abdullah , said:

The most pious of the people is the one who pauses during confusion, and
the best servant among the people is the one who is established over the
obligations, and the most virtuous of the people is the one who avoids the
Prohibitions, and the most severe struggler al-Jihad is the one who avoids
the sins.
( ] ( ) 44501 [
( ) ( )
: : )
: : : ) (
! : :
.
H 33502 Abdullah Bin Jafar in Qurb Al Asnaad from Al Hassan Bin Zareef, from
Muammar who reports:

Al-Rezaasws, from hisasws fatherasws Musa Bin Jafarasws in a lengthy Hadith


regarding the miracles of the Prophetsaww said when Wabisat Bin Mabad AlAsdi came to himsaww, and said to himself, I will not leave out anything from
righteousness or sin but that I shall ask him saww. When he came to himsaww,
the Prophetsaww said to him: Will you ask mesaww what you wanted to? Or shall
Isaww inform you of it?
He said, Inform me. Hesaww said: You have come to ask mesaww about
righteousness and sin. Hesaww said: Yes. Hesaww struck hissaww hand on
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123 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

hissaww chest, then said: O Wabisat! Righteousness is that which your soul is
satisfied with, and righteousness is that which your chest is satisfied with, and
the sin is that which is rejected in your chest, and in your heart, and whether
the people issue Fatwas, and keep issuing Fatwas.
: ( ) : ] 44504 [
!
.
H 33503 Auleym Bin Qays Al-Hilali (writes) in his book:
Ali Bin Al-Husaynasws said to Abaan Ibn Abu Ayyash: O brother of Abd Qays!
The orders which are clear to you, accept them, otherwise keep silent and
submit, and refer its knowledge to Allahazwj, for there is flexibility for you which
is more than what is between the sky and the earth.
] ( ) 44501 [
(
. : )
H 33504 Muhammad Bin Muhammad Bin Al Numan Al Mufeed in Al Majaalis from Ahmad
Bin Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Bin Al Waleed, from his father, from Al Saffar, from Ahmad Bin
Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Musa Bin Bakr, who heard:

Abu Abdullahasws say: The one who acts without knowledge is like a traveller
remaining on a mirage. Nothing will increase in his travel except for the
distance.

Leave the Doubtful In Favour of Certainty:


: : ] 44506 [
.
H 33506 Al-Mufazzal Bin Al Hassan Al-Tabarsee in Tafseer Al-Sagheer:
Imamasws said in a Hadith - : Leave that which makes you doubt in favour of
that which does not take you in the doubt.
: : ] 44505 [
.
H 33507 He said, that it is in a Hadith:
Surely, for every king there is a territory, and the territory of Allah azwj is Hisazwj
Prohibitions. Whoever, strolls around it or falls into doubt, will end up inside it.
] ( ) 44508 [

: ( ) :

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124 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'


.
H 33508 Al Hasan Bin Muhammad Bin Al Hasan Al Toosi in his Amaali from his father,
from Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Al Hamaamy, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Qataan, from Ismail Bin
Abu Kaseer, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Al Sary Bin Aamir, from Al Numan Bin Bashir who
said:

I heard the Rasool Allahsaww say: Surely for every king there is a territory, and
the territory of Allahazwj is Hisazwj Permissibles and Prohibitions, and the
ambiguous are between that. Just as if you were to see a shepherd tending
his sheep around the grazing ground, there is no guarantee that they will not
stray into it. These are the ambiguous matters.
] 44502 [
( ) : ) (
. :
H 33509 And from his father, from Al Mufeed, from Ali Bin Muhammad Al Kataab, from
Zakariya Bin Yahya Al Tamimi, from Abu Hisham Dawood Bin Al-Qasim Al Jafary:

Al-Rezaasws said: Surely Amir-ul-Momineenasws said to Kumayl Bin Ziyad:


Your brother is your religion. Be cautious with regard to your religion as much
as you want.
) ( ] 44520 [

: ( )
:
. .
H 33510 And from his father, from Al Mufeed, from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Ziyaat, from
Muhammad Bin Hamaam, from Jafar Bin Muhammad Bin Maalik, from Ahmad Bin Salaamat,
from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Aamiry, from Abu Muamar, from Abu Bakr Bin Ayaash,
from Al Fajie Al Aqeeli reports:

Al-Hasan Bin Ali Bin Abu Talibasws said: When Iasws was present with myasws
fatherasws near the time of hisasws death, heasws made a will to measws by
saying: Iasws make this will to youasws myasws sonasws, to Pray at its appropriate
time, and give the appropriate Zakaat to its deserving ones, observe silence
during ambiguities, and forbid youasws to be hasty in yourasws speech and
actions, and necessitate for yourselfasws silence in submission.
] 44522 [
( )
:

.

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125 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33511 And from his father, from Al Mufeed, from Ibn Qulawayh, from Muhammad Bin
Yaqoub, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from father, from Muhammad Bin Isa Al Yaqteeny, from Yunus,
from Amro Bin Shimr from Jabir who says:

Abu Jafarasws in a will about hisasws companions, said: If a matter is unclear to


you, pause in it and refer it back to usasws, until weasws explain to you about
that which weasws know. If you were to do as Iasws have willed to you, and do
not take to others, and those of you who die before the advent of ourasws
Rising One (Al-Qaaim)asws will be like a martyr, and one who is present with
ourasws Rising Oneasws and dies for hisasws (cause) will have the Reward of two
martyrs, and one who is killed by the enemy in front of him asws will have the
Reward of twenty martyrs.

People Got Destroyed due to Impatience:


] 44524 [
: ) ( : ) (
.
H 33513 And from his father, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Bin Yaie, from Mansour Bin
Yunus Bazarj, from Amr Bin Azinat, from Zarara says:

Abu Jafarasws said: The Rasool Allahsaww said: But, the people get destroyed
due to haste, and if the people were to remain steady, not one of them would
be destroyed.
] 44521 [
. : ) ( : ) (
H 33514 And from his father, from Fazaalat Bin Ayoub, from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Ayaabat,
from Abu Al Numan who says:

Abu Jafarasws said: The Rasool Allahsaww said: Patience is from Allahazwj, and
haste is from the Shaitan.
] ( ) 44525 [

(
! : ) ( : )



. .
H 33515 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Usman Al Karajaky in his book Kanz Ul Fawaaid from
Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Talib Al balady, from Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Bin Jafar Al Numany,
from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Saeed Bin Aqdat, from Shaywajah Al Arbat, from Al Hasan
Bin Mahboub, from Muhammad Bin Al Numan Al Howl, from Salaam Bin Al Mustaneer who
says:

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126 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Ja;far Al Baqirasws, said: Myasws grandfatherasws the Rasool Allahsaww said:
O people! Mysaww Permissible is permissible up to the Day of Judgement, and
mysaww Prohibition is prohibited up to the Day of Judgement. Beware that this
has been Clarified by Allahazwj in the Book, and Isaww have explained both of
these in mysaww Sunnah and mysaww way, and between these two are the
ambiguities from the Shaitan and the innovations after measws. One who
avoids these will have corrected the affairs of his religion, and repaired his
honour, and one who adorns himself with these ambiguities and follows them,
is like a shepherd who grazes his sheep near the (forbidden) territory, and one
who gazes his life near the (forbidden) territory has endangered his own self
to enter into the (forbidden) territory. Beware, that for every king there is a
territory, and the territory of Allahazwj is Hisazwj Prohibitions. Be afraid of the
territory of Allahazwj and Hisazwj Prohibitions.

One who intends to be honoured by the people should fear


Allahazwj
: ) ( : ] 44526 [
.
H 33516 And it has come in the Hadith from the Rasool Allahsaww that hesaww said:
Rasool Allahsaww said: One who intends to be honoured by the people should
fear Allahazwj.
: : ] 44525 [

.
H 33517 And said: One who fears Allahazwj has saved his self from the
world. And said: Leave that which is doubtful to you for that which is not
doubtful, for you will not find anything (better) but that which you have avoided
for Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic.
] ( ) 44528 [
) ( ) (
: ) ( ) (
! :



. ( )
.
H 33518 Ali Bin Musa Bin Tawoos in the book Kashf Al Mohjat Lisamarat Al Mohjat, has
copied from the book Al Rasaail to Muhammad Bin Yaqoub Al Kulayni by his chain going up
to Ja;far Bin Anbasat, from Abaad Bin Ziyad Al Asady, from Amro Bin Abu Al Miqdam, from
asws
asws
asws
asws
asws
Abu Jafar
regarding the will of the Amir-ul-Momineen
to his
son
Hassan :

From the fatherasws (Amir-ul-Momineenasws) who made a will to hisasws


sonsasws at the time of passing away until heasws said: And know, O myasws
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127 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

sonasws! The most beloved of all that you asws take from myasws will is the
observance of piety to Allahazwj, and observing the limit of what Allah azwj has
Obligated to youasws, and take by that which yourasws ancestorsasws from
yourasws forefathersasws and the righteous from the People of yourasws
Household have been on, for they did not claim to have the vision that you asws
have got, and pondered the way that you asws think, then return back to them
that which they understood, and hold back that which they had not been
burdened with. Yourasws seeking that should be by understanding and
knowledge, and not by intended ambiguities, or enmity, and initiate
yourselfasws in that by seeking help from yourasws Lordazwj, and that inclination
should come to youasws, stay away from every ambiguity that creates doubts
for youasws, or take youasws to straying.
( ) ] ( ) 44522 [
:
:

( :
: )
.
H 33519 Muhammad Bin Masud Al Ayashi in his commentary from Abdullah Bin Jundab
says:

Al-Rezaasws in a Hadith said: Surely, these people have been influenced


by Shaitan who has placed them in doubt, and corrupted for them their
religion, and intend to be guided by themselves, they say, Why, when and
how? He moved them to destruction from the safety of cautiousness, and that
is what their own hands have wrought, and your Lordazwj is not unjust to any of
the servants, and this was not allowed for them nor befitting for them, but that
was necessary for them and was obligatory for them, that they should pause
during confusion, and refer what they were ignorant of to thoseasws that know
it, and can search it out, because Allahazwj has Said in Hisazwj Book and if they
had referred it to the Messenger and to those in authority among them,
those among them who can search out the knowledge of it would have
known it 4:83, meaning, the Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww, and
theyasws are the ones who have able to search from the Quran, and
understand the Permissible and the Prohibited, and theyasws are the Proof of
Allahazwj to Hisazwj creation.
: ) ( ] 44510 [
.
H 33520 And from Al Sakuny, from Jafarasws, from hisasws fatherasws from Aliasws, said:
Pausing during ambiguities is better than indulging in destruction. And the
avoidance of the Hadith by not narrating it is better than narrating a Hadith
incorrectly.

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128 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: ( ) : ] 44512 [
.
H 33521 And from Ali Bin Abu Hamza who said:
I heard Abu Abdullahasws say: There is no one more modest than Allah azwj
Blessed and High, and who is more modest than the Oneazwj Who has
Prohibited the immoralities, be they apparent or be they hidden.
: ( ) ] ( ) 44511 [
: ( )

H 33522 Ali Bin Ibrahim in his commentary from Abu Al Jaroud says:
Abu Jafarasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj the High And (as for) those
who have earned evil, the punishment of an evil is the like of it, and
abasement shall come upon them 10:27
said: These are the people of innovation and ambiguities and desires, whose
faces will be blackened by Allahazwj on the day they meet Himazwj.
( * : ( ) ] 44514 [
: )

.
H 33523 And from him, from Abu Jafarasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj
the High Say: Shall We inform you of the greatest losers in (their) deeds?
(These are) they whose labor is lost in this worlds life and they think
that they are well versed in skill of the work of hands 18:103 104 said:
They are the Christians, and the Priests, and the Monks, and the people of
ambiguities desires from the people of the Qiblah (Muslims), and the Haruriya,
and the people of innovation.
] 44511 [
: ) (

.
H 33524 And it was found in the writing of Al Shaheed Muhammad Bin
Makky, pure be his soul, in a lengthy Hadith from a section of Basra narrates:
Abu Abdullah Jafar Bin Muhammadasws saying therein: Question the scholars
in what you are ignorant of, and beware of questioning them due to
intransigence and trying them, and beware of acting upon anything by
opinion, and take to precaution in all of your affairs in which you have found a
way, flee from the uncertainty like you flee from the lion, and do not extend
your neck to the people (give verdict/fatwa).

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: ) ( : ] ( ) 44516 [
.
H 33526 Muhammad Bin Makky Al Shaheed in Al Zikry said that the Prophetsaww said:
Rasool Allahsaww said: Leave that which is doubtful to you for that which is not
doubtful to you.
. : ) ( : ] 44515 [
H 33527 He said that Rasool Allahsaww said: One who fear ambiguities has
saved the honour of his religion.
. : ) ( : ] 44518 [
H 33528 He said that Al-Sadiqasws said: It is on you to have foresight and
take precautions in your religion.
: ] ( ) 44512 [
:
.
H 33529 And it has come by a number of chains of narrators from Al-Sadiqasws, said:
Al-Sadiqasws said: Judges are of four types, three of them are in the Fire and
one is in Paradise a man who judges unjustly and he knows it, he is in the
Fire; a man who judges unjustly and he does not know it, he is in the Fire; and
a man who judges rightly and he does not know it, he is in the Fire; and the
man who judges rightly and he knows it, he is in Paradise.

Everything is allowed until there is a prohibition for it


. : ) ( : ] 44540 [
H 33530 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al-Husayn said:
Al-Sadiqasws said: Everything is allowed until there is a prohibition for it.
: ) ( : ] 44542 [
) 2(
: ) (
.
H 33531 Al-Sadouq said that the Amir-ul-Momineenasws said in a sermon:
Surely Allahazwj has Set limits so do not cross over them, and Obligated the
Obligations so do not be deficient in them, and Heazwj is Silent about certain
things not because of mistakes. Do not consider them as deficiencies. This is
a Mercy from Allahazwj for you, accept them.
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Then heasws said: Permissible has been made clear, and Prohibition has been
made clear, and the ambiguities are between these. Whoever avoids that
which is ambiguous to him from the sins would have avoided sins in the best
manner, and disobedience is in the territory of Allah azwj, whoever strolls
around it ends up in it.

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Chapter Six: The taqleed and the Shrik

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Taqleed of a non-Masoom is Shrik:

( )

[ 44481]



















H 33382 Muhammad Bin Yaqoub from a number of our companions from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin
Khalid from his father from Abdullah Bin Yahya from Ibn Muskan from Abu Baseer, meaning Al Muradiyya
asws
has narrated the following from Abu Abdullah :

He said to himasws, They (Jews) have taken their priests and their monks as Lords
besides Allahazwj (3:91). Heasws said: By Allahazwj! They did not call the people to
worship them nor would the people had heeded their call, had they done so, but they
permitted for them what was prohibited, and prohibited that which was permissible for
them, and so they worshipped them (obeyed them) without being aware of it. And this
has been related by Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid in Al Mahasin, similarly.144







[ 44481]











H 33384 And from Muhammd Bin Ismail from Al Fazl Bin Shazaan from Hammad Bin Isa from Rabai

regarding the Words of Allahazwj the Mighty


and Majestic They took their scholars and their Rabbis as Lords besides Allah,
(Imamasws) said: By Allahazwj! They did not fast for them nor did they Pray to them but
their (Rabbis) made permissible for them what was prohibited and prohibited to them
what was permissible, and they (people) obeyed them in this (Thereby, did they followed
them blindly on falsehood thus they worshiped them indirectly).
Bin Abdullah from Abu Baseer from Abu Abdullah

asws

And this has been narrated by Al-Barqi in Al-Mahasin from his father from Hammad, a similar Hadeeth.

Taqleed of a non-Masoom is Shrik in Ibadah (Worship)


( ] 44488 [
: ( ) : )

: : : ( ) :
. :
H 33388 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Yunus, from Ibn Bakeyr, from Zareys
says:

Abu Abd Allahasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic And most of
them do not believe in Allah without associating others (with Him) 12:106 said:

144

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33382

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

This is the Shirk145 of obedience, and is not the Shirk of worship, and from the Words of
Mighty and Majestic And among men is he who serves Allah (standing) on the verge
22:11 (Imamasws) said: A Verse comes down regarding a man, they all follow it. I said,
Everyone who have submitted to anyone apart from you asws would be the ones who
worship Allahazwj on the verge (did Shrik)? Heasws Yes, and sometimes this is all that
happens.
) ( ] 44481 [
( : : ( ) :
: )
.
H 33382 Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin
Khalid from his father, from Abd Allah Bin Yahya, from Ibn Muskan, from Abu Baseer meaning Al
Maraady reports:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: When it was said to himasws, "They have taken their doctors of
law and their monks for lords besides Allah" 9:31 , said: No, by Allahazwj! They did
not call them (people) to their (Priests) worship, and had they called them to it they would
not have responded, but they permitted for them that which was forbidden, and forbid for
them that which was permitted, so they worshipped them whilst not being aware of it.

Taqleed is only of a Just Imamasws:


: ] 44484 [
: : : ! : ) (
: ) (
.
H 33383 And from Ali Bin Muhammad, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Al Mahdany,
from Muhammad Bin Ubeyda says:

Abu Al-Hassanasws said to me: O Muhammad! Are you more staunch in your Taqleed or
the Murjiites? I said, They have done Taqleed and we have done Taqleed. He asws said:
I have not asked you this. I did not have any answer other than the first one, so he asws
said: The Murjiites have established a man, the obedience to who was not obligatory,
and done his Taqleed, and you all recognised a man asws, the obedience to whomasws is
obligatory, but then you did not do his Taqleed, therefore they are more staunch in their
taqleed.
] 44481 [
: ( ) : ( )
.
H 33384 And from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Al Fazl Bin Shazaan, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from
Rabaie bin Abd Allah, from Abu Baseer nerrates:

145

Polytheism

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Abd Allahasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj "They have taken their doctors of
law and their monks for lords besides Allah" 9:31 said: By Allahazwj! They did not
Fast for them nor did they Pray for them, but they (Priests) permitted for them that which
was prohibited, and prohibited for them that which was permissible. They (people)
followed them (Priests) (hence they worshiped them).
( : ] ( ) 44101 [
: ) ( : )
.
H 33402 Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Ali in Rowzat Al Waizeen regarding the Words of
the Highazwj "They have taken their doctors of law and their monks for lords
besides Allah" 9:31 said that heaswsnarrated to me: They did not take them to be Lords
in reality, but then entered under their obedience. They all became in the position of
having taken them as lords.
( : : ( ) ] 44102 [
. ) ( : )
.
H 33409 And from Jabir, from Abu Abd Allahasws, said when questioned about the
Words of Allahazwj "They have taken their doctors of law and their monks for lords
besides Allah" 9:31 said: They did not take them to be as gods, but when they made
something to be permissible they took to it as such, and when they prohibited something
to be prohibited they took to it as such. They were like Lords for them apart from
Allahazwj.
: ] 44120 [
: ( ) :
.
H 33410 And from Huzeyfa who said that he asked about the Words of Allahazwj Mighty
and Majestic "They have taken their doctors of law and their monks for lords
besides Allah" 9:31 said: They did not worship them, but when they permitted for them
something, they regarded it as being permissible, and when they prohibited for them
something, they regarded it as being prohibited.
: ) ( : ] 44485 [

.
H 33385 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid, from his
father with a chain going up to Abu Jafar

asws

said:

Do not take any one as a confidant apart from Allah azwj or else you will no longer be a
believer. All reasons and links and relations and confidants and innovations and
confusions will be cut off, except for that which the Quran has established.
: ] 44486 [
. : ( )

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H 33386 And from him, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid, from his father, from Abd Allah Bin
Mugheira, from Abd Allah Bin Muskan, said:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws said: Beware of the leader146 who go around as leaders, for
by Allahazwj, there is no man behind whom is the sound of shoes, but he is destroyed and
leads others to destruction.
] 44485 [
: : ) ( :

. :
H 33387 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Hassan Bin
Ayyub, from Abu Aqeela Al Sayrafi, from Karaam, from Abu Hamza Al Thumaly who said:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Beware of leading147, and beware of following the people. I said,
May I be sacrificed for youasws! As for the leadership, I understand that, and as for the
following the people, two thirds of what I have is what is from following the people.
Heasws said to me: This is not as you think it to be. Beware of establishing a man without
the al-Hujjat (Divine Proof), ratifying everything that he says.

Following a Person in Disobedience to Allahazwj is Shrik:


] 44482 [
. : ) (
H 33389 And from him, from his father and from Ali Bin Muhammad, from Saleh Bin Abu Hamaad
altogether, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from a man who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: One who follows a man in disobedience (to Allah azwj) has
worshipped him.
] 44420 [
: ) (
.
H 33390 And from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Moala Bin Muhammad, from Ahmad Ibn
Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Al Armany, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Yaqteen who says:

Abu Jafarasws said: One who listens towards a speaker has worshipped him. If the
speaker was calling from Allahazwj he has worshipped Allahazwj, but if the speaker was
calling from the Shaitan he has worshipped the Shaitan.
] ( ) 44421 [
( : ( )
: )
! :
146
147

Peers, Salaars, Murshads


Becoming peer, murshad, pashwah

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:
. !
H 33394 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn in Uyoon Al Akhbaar from his father, from Al Hassan Bin
Alhad Al Maaliky, from his father, from Ibrahim Bin Abu Mahmoud who says:

Al-Rezaasws in a lengthy Hadith said: Myasws fatherasws informed measws from hisasws
fatherasws from hisasws forefathersasws from the Rasool Allahsaww, said: One who listens to
a speaker has worshipped himasws. If that speaker was from Allahazwj, he has worshipped
Allahazwj, and if that speaker was from Ibleesla he has worshipped Ibleesla until hesaww
said:
O Ibn Abu Mahmoud! If the people take to the right and to the left, but you are oblidged
to take ourasws way, for whosoever necessitates it for himself, we asws necessitate
ourselvesasws for him, and one who distances himself from it, we asws distance
ourselvesasws from him. The smallest thing that exits a man from faith is when he says to
a pebble "This is a date stone", then makes that to be his religion, and distances himself
from those that oppose it. O Ibn Abu Mahmoud! Memorise what I have narrated to you,
for these is a collection for you in this which is better that the world and the Hereafter.
] 44422 [
: ( )
.
H 33391 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Abu Zahid, from Ali Bin Ismail, from
Safwan Bin Yahya, from Aasim Bin Hameed, from Abu Ishaq Al Nahwy who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws in a Hadith said: By Allahazwj! Iasws love it if you speak that which
weasws speak, and keep quiet when we observe silence, and we asws are between you and
Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic. Allahazwj has not Kept anything good in the opposition to
ourasws orders for anyone.
( ) ] 44421 [
:
.
H 33392 And from him, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Hisaan Abu Ali says:
Abu Abd Allahasws in a Hadith said: It is sufficient for you that you should say that
which weasws say, and keep quiet when weasws observe silence. Have you not seen that
Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic has not Kept any good in ourasws opposition for anyone?

Any Other Source Apart of Ahadith is Shrik:


] 44424 [
: ) ( :
.
H 33393 And from one of our companions, from Abdul Azeem al Hasany, from Maalik Bin Aamir, from
Al Mufazzal Bin Zaida, from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar who says:
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Abd Allahasws said: One who makes it to be religion without having heard from the
Truthfulasws, Allahazwj Necessitates for him destruction, and one who calls after having
heard from a door other than the one that Allah azwj has Opened is a Mushrik (Polytheist),
and that door is a security for the hidden Secrets of Allahazwj.
] 44425 [
: ) ( : ) (
(
. )
H 33395 And from Abdul Samad Bin Muhammad Al Shaheed, from his father, from Ahmad Bin Ishaq
Al Alawy, from his father, from his uncle Al Hassan Bin Ishaq, from Al Ridha
asws
saww
forefathers , said that the Rasool Allah
said:

asws

, from his

asws

One who makes it to be his religion without having heard it (from the truthful asws),
Allahazwj Necessitates for him destruction, and one who makes it to be his religion having
heard it from the door other than the one Allah azwj has Opened for Hisazwj creation is a
Mushrik (Polytheist), and this is the door of security to the Revelation of Allah azwj to
Muhammadsaww.
] ( ) 44426 [
: : ) ( :
:
.
H 33396 An in Maani Al Akhbaar from his father, from Sad Bin Abd Allah, from Muhammad Bin Al
Husayn, from Muhammad Bin Khaalid, from his brother Sufyan Bin Khalid who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Beware of leadership! Not a single one who has sought it but
has been destroyed. I said, Then we are destroyed, for there is not a single one of us
but he loves to be mentioned, and intends (people) to take from him.
Heasws: This is not as you think it to be. That is for them who have established a Man
without Proof, ratifying everything that he says, and call the people towards his
words/fatwa.
] 44425 [
. : ) ( :
H 33397 And from Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Mutawakkil, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from
Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Ibrahim Bin Ziyad who said:

Al-Sadiqasws said: He has lied who thinks that he has recognised us asws but attaches
himself to the opinions of others.
] ( ) 44428 [
: ( ) :
: :
: !


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) ( ( )
.
H 33398 And in Al Khisaal from his father, from Sad Bin Abd Allah, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin
Isa, from his father, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Umar Bin Azinat, from Abaan Bin Abu Ayyash from Suleym
Bin Qays Al Hilali who said:

I heard from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws say: Be caution on your religion from three a
man who recites the Quran until you see the effects of it on him and he unsheathes his
sword (against his companion) and accuses him of Polytheism. I said, O Amir-ulMomineenasws! Which one of them is higher in Polytheism? He asws said: The accuser.
The second one (to be cautious of) is the one who gives no importance to a lie, and
every lie of his is a bigger lie than the one before.
And (the third) a man whom Allahazwj has Given an authority. He thinks that obedience to
him is obedience to Allahazwj and disobedience to him is disobedience to Allah azwj, but he
lies, as there is no obedience to a creature in the disobedience to the Creator azwj, and it
does not befit a creature to be loved in disobedience to Allah azwj.
There is no obedience in Hisazwj disobedience, nor is it to be done. Obedience is to
Allahazwj and to Hisazwj Messengersaww and the Wali Ul-Amrasws, and surely Allahazwj has
Ordered the obedience to the Messengersaww for heasws is infallible, pure and does not
order the disobedience (to Allahazwj), and Heazwj Ordered the obedience to the Wali UlAmrasws for theyasws are infallible, pure and do not order the disobedience to (Allahazwj).
] ( ) 44422 [
: ( ) :
.
H 33399 Sad Bin Abd Allah in Bassair Al Darajaat from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al
Husayn Bin Saeed, and Al Abbas Bin Marouf, from Hamaad Ibn Isa, from Rabaie Bin Abd Allah, from Al Al
Fazayl Bi Yasaar who said:

I hear Abu Jafarasws say: Anything that does not come from this House is Batil (a lie).
: ] 44100 [
: : : ) (
. !
H 33400 And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Abu Bakr Al Hazramy, from Al
Hajjaaj Bin Al Sabaah who said:

I said to Abu Jafarasws, I narrate from youasws a Hadith. Some of us say Our words are
theirasws words. Heasws said: What do you want? Do you intend to be Imams to be
followed? One who refers the words to usasws is safe.

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

For Strong Beliefs One must Learn Quran and Ahadith:


: ) ( : ] 44104 [
( ) ( :
. )
H 33403 The Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: One who takes his religion from the mouths
of men will be falsified by the (other) men, but the one who takes his religion from the
Book and the Sunnah, the mountains will retreat but not him. And this News has been
narrated from Al-Sadiqasws, from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws.148

In Quran Poet is Referred to Those Who Seek Followship:


( : ( ) : ] ( ) 44101 [
: ( ) : )
( ) :
. ) ( ) (
H 33404 Ali Bin Ibrahim in his Tafseer regarding the Words of the High azwj And as to
the poets, those who go astray follow them 26:224 that Abu Abd Allahasws said: This
has come down for those who have altered the Religion of Allah azwj, and ignored what
Allahazwj has Ordered, but have you seen anyone following a poet? This is about those
who have presented the Religion by their opinions, the people followed them in that
until heasws said: Except those who believe and do good 26:227 and theyasws are the
Amir-ul-Momineenasws and hisasws sons.
) ( : ] ( ) 44105 [
. : :
H 33405 Al Fazl Bin Al Hassan Al Tabarsee in Majma Al Bayaan said that Al-Ayyashi
has narrated by a chain from Abu Abd Allah asws, said regarding the poets: They are a
group that knows, they ponder without knowledge, they go astray and lead others
astray.
] ( ) 44106 [
: ( ) : ( )
.
H 33406 Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Barqi in Al Mahasin from his father, who has
mentioned from Amro Bin Abu Al Maqsaam, from a man who says:
Abu Jafarasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj "They have taken their doctors of law
and their monks for lords besides Allah" 9:31 said: By Allahazwj they did not Pray to
them, and did not Fast for them, but they obeyed them in the disobedience of Allah azwj.

148

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33403

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: ( ) : ] ( ) 44105 [
!
.
H 33407 Muhammad Bin Masud Al Ayyashi in his Tafseer from Aban said:
I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: O group of youths! Be afraid of Allahazwj, and do not obey
the influential and others, until they become frustrated. Do not take to the men as
confidants apart from Allahazwj, I by Allahazwj am better for you than them. Then he asws
hit hisasws chest with hisasws hand.
! : ) ( : ] 44108 [
.
H 33408 And from Abu Al Sabah Al kanany who said that Abu Jafarasws said:
O Abu Al-Sabah! Beware of confidants, for all the confidants apart from us asws are
(Shiateen/tyrants).
: ] ( ) ( ) 44122 [

.

( :
)
.!
H 33411 Muhammad Bin Al-Husayn Al-Razi in Nahj Ul Balagah from the Amir-ulMomineenasws in a sermon of hisasws said: He who has an intelligent mind looks to his
goal. He knows his deficiencies as well as his strengths. The caller has called. The
shepherd has tended (his flocks). So respond to the caller and follow the shepherd.
They (the opposers) have entered the oceans of disturbance and have taken to
innovations instead of the Sunnah, while the believers have sunk down, but the
misguided and the liars have taken the control. We asws are the near ones, companions,
treasure holders and doors (to the Sunnah). Houses are not entered but through their
doors. Whoever enters them from other than the door is called a thief. The delicacies of
the Qur'an are about themasws (Ahl al-baytasws) and theyasws are the treasurers of Allahazwj.
When theyasws speak theyasws speak the truth, but when theyasws keep quiet no one can
speak unless theyasws speak. The forerunner should report correctly to his people, should
retain his wits and should be one of the children (a man) of the next world, because he
has come from there and would return to it.
The beginning of the action of one who sees with heart and acts with eyes is to assess
whether the action will go against him or for him. If it is for him he indulges in it, but if it is
against him he keeps away from it. For, he who acts without knowledge is like one who
treads without a path. Then his deviation from the path keeps him at a distance from his
aim. And he who acts according to knowledge is like he who treads the clear path.
Therefore, he who can see should see whether he should proceed or return.

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: : ] ( ) 44121 [
.
H 33412 And from Aliasws in a sermon of hisasws said: And surely among (unjust) people
are two men a follower of Law and an initiator of innovations. There is not with them
any evidence from Allahazwj, and no illuminating Proof.
] ( ) 44124 [


( )
:
( )
.
H 33413 Muhammad Abu Al Qasim Al Tabary in Bashaarat Al Mustafa from Ibrahim Bin Al Husayn Bin
Ibrahim Al basary, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Otba, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Ahmad
Al Faqiya, from Hamawiya Bin Ali Bin Hamawiya, from Muhammad Bin Abd Allah Bin Al Muttalib Al
Shaybani, from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Mahdi Al Kindi, from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Umar Bin Tareef Al
Hajary, from his father from Jameel Bin Saleh, from Abu Khalid Al Kabily, from Al Asbagh Bin Nabata who
says:

Amir-ul-Momineenasws in a Hadith when they questioned himasws about the


differences among the Shites, said: The Religion of Allahazwj cannot be recognised
through men, but by the signs of truth.
When you understand the truth you will come to recognise its people, for the truth is the
best narration, and those that speak it are the true warriors and it is the truth that you are
hearing from measws, so lend measws your ears. And heasws delivered a lengthy speech,
the summary of which is that it is to himasws that reference has to be made in the affairs
regarding the orders, and the explanation of the Quran, and other things like that.
: ] ( ) 44121 [
.
H 33414 And it has been narrated in one Hadith from Abu Abd Allahasws where heasws
said to Abu Hanifa: Leave off the opinion, and the analogy, and what these people have
spoken in the Religion of Allahazwj, there is no evidence with them.
( : ] ( ) 44125 [
. : : : )
H 33415 And in a Hadith of Husayn where he questioned Jafar bin Muhammad asws
about the Words of Allahazwj O you who believe! obey Allah and obey the Messenger
and those in authority from among you 4:59 said: The people of intellect and
knowledge. We said: Especially for you? Or for all? Heasws said: Especially for usasws.

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Taqleed is only of the Masoom Imamasws:






- ] 34483 [



H 33383 And from Ali Bin Muhammad from Sahl Bin Ziyad from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Al Hamadany
from Muhammad Bin Ubayda who said that Abu Al-Hassan

asws

said to me:

(Abu Al-Hassanasws said): O Muhammad! Are you more staunch in your Taqleed or the
Murjiites? I said: We have done Taqleed and so have they. He asws said: This is not
what Iasws had asked you. I said, I do not have any answer with me other than what I
had first said. Abu Al-Hassanasws said: The Murjiites established a man whose
obedience was not obligatory and emulated him and you established a man asws whose
obedience was obligatory upon you, then you did not emulate him asws, and so they are
more staunch in their taqleed than you are.

Follow the Book and the Sunnah:




- ] 34485 [







H 33385 From a number of our companions from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid from his father
who has narrated the following from Abu Jafar

asws

Abu Jafarasws said: Do not take anyone other than Allah azwj to be your confidant or else
you will not remain a believer. This is because all causes, and establishments and
relations and confidants and innovations will be cut-off except for the one who had
sincerely followed the Book, the Quran.

Non-Masoom Leaders and their Followers are Destroyed:











- ] 34486 [









H 33386 And from them from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid from his father from Abdullah Bin Al
Mughira from Abdullah Bin Muskaan who said has narrated the following from Abu Abdullah

asws

Abu Jafarasws said: Beware of following the leaders/noteables149 who become governors
(of others matters), for by Allahazwj! None of them who leave footsteps behind but will be
destroyed and will make others to be destroyed.

149

Political or religious leaders

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] 34487 [
















H 33387 - And from Muhammad Bin Yahya from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa from Al Hasan Bin
Ayoub from Abu Aqeela Al Sayrafi from Karram from Abu Hamza Al Thumaly who said that Abu
asws
Abdullah
said:

(Imam Abu Abdullahasws said): Beware of leaders and following the footsteps of men!. I
said. May I be yourasws ransom, as far as leadership is concerned, I understand that, and
as for following the footsteps of men, there is nothing that I have but it has come from
following the footsteps of the men. Heasws said to me: This is not what Iasws have meant
that you have understood it to be. Beware of establishing someone without proof and
ratifying everything that he says (doing taqleed of a non-masoom).
This has been narrated by Al-Sadouq in Maani Al-Akhbaar from Muhammad Bin Ali Majilwiya from his
uncle from Muhammad Bin Ali Al Kufi from Husayn Bin Ayoub Bin Abu Aqeela Al Sayrafi from Karram, the
like of this.








] 34488 [




H 33388 - And from Ali Bin Ibrahim from Muhammad Bin Isa from Yunus from Ibn Bakyr from Zureys who
has narrated the following from Abu Abdullah

asws

(Abu Abdullahasws said) Regarding the Words of Allahazwj And most of them are not
believers in Allah but they are Mushrakoon (12:106), said: This is the Shirk
(polytheism) of obedience, it is not the Shirk (polytheism) of worship. And about the
Words of Allahazwj And among men is he who serves Allahazwj on the verge (very
half-heartedly) (22:11): Imamasws said: A Verse was Revealed and a person said to be
in hisasws followers. I said, Will all those that establish others apart from yourselves asws
for anything will come under this as having worshipped Allah azwj on the verge? Heasws
said: Yes. Sometimes this is the very thing that happens.





] 34489 [


H 33389 - And from him from his father and from Ali Bin Muhammad from Saleh Bin Abu Hammad
altogether from Ibn Abu Umeyr from a man, who has narrated the following from from Abu Abdullah

asws

Whoever obeys a man in disobedience (to Allahazwj), has worshipped him.

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] 34490 [







H 33390 - And from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad from Moalla Bin Muhammad from Ahmad Bin Muhammad
Bin Ibrahim Al Armany from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Yaqteen who has narrated the following from Abu
asws
Jafar :

One who is inclined towards a speaker has worshipped him, and if the speaker is
conveying the message of Allahazwj, he has worshipped Allahazwj, and if the speaker has
called from the Satan, he has worshipped the Satan.

The Recommended Way of Following Masomeenasws:









] 34491 [








H 33391 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya from Ahmad Bin Abu Zaahir from Ali Bin Ismail from Safwan
Bin Yahya from Aasim Bin Humayd from Abu Ishaq and Nahwy who has narrated the following Hadith
asws
from Abu Abdullah :

By Allahazwj! Iasws love for you to say what weasws say and to keep quiet when weasws
observe silence and weasws are between you and Allahazwj. Allahazwj has not Kept any
good in opposition to ourasws orders.





] 34492 [



H 33392 And he has narrated from Ahmad Bin Muhammad from Ali Bin Al Hakam from Hasaan Abu
Ali who has narrated the following Hadith from from Abu Abdullah

asws

It is sufficient for you that you should say that which weasws have said and keep quiet in
matters in which weasws have observed silence, for you have seen that surely Allah azwj
has not Given any goodness to anyone who has opposed us asws.

] 34493 [











H 33393 - And from some of our companions from Abdul Azeem Al Hasany from Maalik Bin Aamir from
Al Mufazzal Bin Zaida from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar who has narrated the following from Abu Abdullah

asws

One who considers as religion of Allahazwj anything that he has not heard from the
truthfulasws, Allahazwj will necessitate destruction for him, and the one who claims to have

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

taken religion from a door other than the one opened by Allah azwj is a Mushrik
(Polytheist), for that door is the safeguard of the Secrets of Allah azwj.







] 34494 [




















H 33394 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn in Uyoon Al Akhbaar from his father from Al Hassan Bin
Ahmad Al Maaliki from his father from Ibrahim Bin Abu Mahmoud has narrated the following from Alasws
Reza :

Myasws fatherasws informed measws from hisasws forefathersasws, who from the Rasool
Allahsaww that: Whosoever listens towards a speaker has worshipped him. If the speaker
is saying from Allahazwj then he (the listener) has worshipped Allah azwj and if the speaker
is talking from Ibleesla then he (the listener) has worshipped Ibleesla, until hesaww said: O
Abu Mahmood! When the people take to the ways of the right and the left, it necessitates
you to (adhere to) oursaww way. The one who direct himself to oursaww way, wesaww also
necessitate (oursaww support) to him, and one who flees from ussaww, wesaww also go away
from him. The smallest thing which makes a man go away from the Eman belief is when
he says that a pebble is a husk of date and then makes that a matter of his religion
abandons all responsibilities for those that oppose him. O Ibn Abu Mahmoud! Memorise
what Isaww have related to you for Isaww have gathered together the goodness of this world
and the Hereafter in this for you.

] 34495 [





H 33395 And from Abdul Samad Bin Muhammad Al Shaheed from his father from Ahmad Bin Ishaq Al
Alawiyya from his father from his uncle Al Hasan Bin Ishaq from Al Ridha
asws
saww
who
said that the Rasool Allah
said:

asws

from his

asws

forefathers

Rasool Allahsaww said: Whoever makes as religion without having heard from us asws,
Allahazwj Necessitates destruction to be for him, and whoever makes as religion by
listening to a door other than the one that Allah azwj has Opened is a Mushrik
(Polytheist), and the door of safety of the Revelation of Allah azwj is Muhammadsaww.








] 34496 [















H 33396 And in Maani Al Akhbaar from his father from Sad Bin Abdullah from Muhammad Bin Al
Hassan from Muhammad Bin Khalid from his brother Sufyan Bin Khalid who has narrated the following
asws
from Abu Abdullah :
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Abdullahasws said: Beware of leadership! No one has sought it but has been
destroyed. I said, So, we are all destroyed, for there is not a single one of us except that
he loves to be mentioned and to attract the people and to be obeyed. He asws said: It is
not as you have understood it to be. It is when you appoint a man without the Proof (AlHujjat) and ratify everything that he says and call people towards his statements.





] 34497 [




H 33397 And from Muhammad Bin Musa bin Al Mutawakkil from Ali Bin Ibrahim from his father from
asws

Ibn Abu Umeyr from Ibrahim bin Ziyad who has narrated the following from Al-Sadiq

(Imamasws said): He has lied, the one who has claimed to have reached Yarfuana (the
understanding of) ourasws attributes, but (at the same time) he has attached himself to the
handle of others.


] 34498 [



















H 33398 And in Al Khisaal from his father from Sad bin Abdullah from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa
from his father from Hammad Bin Isa from Umar Bin Azinat from Aban Bin Abu Ayyash from Suleym Bin
asws
asws
Qays Al Hilali who said that he heard the following from Amir-ul-Momineen
(Amir-ul-Momineen) :

Observe caution in your religion from three men. The one who recites the Quran until
you see its effect on his face and he unsheathes his sword on his companions and
accuses them of Shrik (Polytheism). I said, O Amir-ul-Momineenasws! Which one of
them is a Mushrik (Polytheist)? Heasws said: The accuser. And (the second) the one
who considers lies to be light, and everything that he narrates is a lie, and each lie being
bigger than the previous one.
And, the one whom has been made to be a Sultan and he thinks that obedience to him is
the obedience to Allah azwj and disobedience to him is the disobedience to Allah azwj. This
is false because in disobedience to the Creator, there is no obedience to the creation. It
is not appropriate to love the creation in disobedience to the Creator nor should there be
obedience to any by being disobedient to Himazwj.
Whoever disobeys Allahazwj should not be obeyed. The obedience is to Allah azwj and to
Hisazwj Messengersaww and those in authority (UluIl Amr). Verily, Allahazwj has Ordered the
obedience to the Rasool Allahsaww for hesaww is infallible and Pure and will not issue any
order for disobedience to Allahazwj, and verily Heazwj has Ordered obedience to those in
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Authority (Ulull Amr) because theyasws are Infallible and Pure and will not issue any order
for disobedience to Himazwj.





] 34499 [




















H 33399 Sad Bin Abdullah in Basaair Al Darajaat from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa from Al Husayn
Bin Saeed and Al Abbas Bin Maroof from Hammad Bin Isa from Rabia Bin Abdullah from Al Fuzayl Bin
asws
Yasaar who has narrated the following from Abu Jafar :

Everything that does no come from this House is false.


And the like of this has been narrated by Al-Saffar in Basaair Al Sarajaat from Al Abbas Bin
Maroof.

Imamasws Warns Against Becoming an Imam or a Leader:






] 33400 [









H 33400 And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad from Ali Bin Al Hakam from Abu Bakr Al Hazramy from Al
Hajjaj Bin Al Sabbah who has narrated the following from Abu Jafar

asws

We narrate Ahadith from youasws. Some of us say that our words are yourasws words.
Heasws said: What do you intend? Do you want to be Imams and be followed? The one
who returns the words back to usasws will be safe.




] 33402 [






H 33402 Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Ali in Rowzat Ul Waizeen regarding the Words of
The Highazwj They have taken their Priests and monks to be their Lords besides
Allahazwj (9:31), heasws said: They did not take them to be their Lords in reality, but they
entered to be under their obedience, and so they became like those that had taken them
as Lords.

One Should Only Follow the Book and the Sunnah:



] 33403 [





H 33403 The Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: Whoever takes his religion from the tongue
of a man will be contradicted by another man, and one who takes his religion from the
Book and the Sunnah, the mountains will move but not him. And this Hadeeth has been

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

narrated by Al-Sadiqasws from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws, and Al-Kulayni has related this
with a chain leading to the Rasool Allahsaww.

Allahazwj Calls them the Poets who interfer into Religion:




] 33404 [
( )











H 33404 Ali Bin Ibrahim in his Tafseer regarding the Words of the Highazwj:

And as for the poets, those who go astray, follow them (26:224) Abu Abdullahasws
said (in its interpretation): This has been Revealed about those who have made
amendments to the religion of Allahazwj (and disregarded) what Allahazwj had Ordered, but
have you ever seen Poets being followed by any one? Verily, what is meant here are
those that give religion by their opinion and the people follow them. Until he asws said
Except for those who believe and do good (26:227) and this is Amir-ulMomineenasws and hisasws sonsasws.
] 33405 [





H 33405 - Al Fazl Bin Al Hassan Al Tabarsy in Majma Ul Bayan said that it has been
narrated from Al Ayyashi by a chain from Abu Abdullah asws whoasws said about the poets:
These are a group who while unsure, still preach based on perception. They go astray
and lead others astray.

] 33406 [









H 33406 Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Barqi in Al-Mahasin from his father from a narrator from Amro Bin
Abu Al-Miqdam from a man from Abu Jafar

asws

regarding the Words of Allah

azwj

They have taken their Rahibs besides Allah azwj (9:31), (Abu Jafarasws) said: By
Allahazwj! They did not Pray to them nor did they fast for them but they obeyed them in
disobedience to Allahazwj.






] 33407 [







H 33407 Muhammad Bin Masud Al Ayyashi in his Tafseer from Aban who said that he heard Abu
asws

Abdullah

say:

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

O group of youths! Be afraid of Allahazwj and do not go near the leaders and their likes
until they get frustrated. Do not take to a man or a confidant other than Allah azwj. Iasws am,
by Allahazwj better for you than them. Then heasws struck hisasws chest with hisasws hand.



] 33408 [




H 33408 - And from Abu Al Sabbah Al Kanani who said that Abu Jafarasws said:

O Abu Sabbah! Beware of taking confidants for every confidant apart from us asws is an
idol. Or heasws said Is Polytheism.




] 33409 [


( )
H 33409 - And from Jabir from Abu Abdullahasws, said that he asked himasws about the
Words of Allahazwj And they have taken their doctors of law and their monks as
Lords besides Allahazwj (9:31). Heasws said: They had not taken them as gods, except
for the fact that when they made it permissible that which was forbidden they took it from
them and when they prohibited that which was permissible they took it from them. It is as
if they had taken them to be as Lords besides Allah azwj.




] 33410 [


H 33410 - And from Huzayfa who said that he asked him asws about the Words of Allahazwj
They have taken their doctors of law and their monks as their Lords besides
Allahazwj (9:31), heasws said: They did not used to worship them but when they made
something to be permissible for them they used to consider it to be permissible and
when they made something to be prohibited for them they used to consider it to be
prohibited.





] 33411 [




( )





H 33411 Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Al Razi in Nahj Ul Balagah from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws in a
sermon said:

(Amir-ul-Momineenasws said) He who has an intelligent mind looks to his goal. He knows
his low road as well as his high road. The caller has called. The shepherd has tended
(his flocks). So respond to the caller and follow the shepherd.

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

They (who abandoned the door steps of Ahl Al-Baytasws) have entered the oceans of
disturbance and have taken to innovations instead of the Sunnah (the Prophet's holy
deeds, utterances and his unspoken approvals), while the believers have sunk down,
and the misguided and the liars are speaking. We are the near ones, companions,
treasure holders and doors (to the Sunnah). Houses are not entered safely through their
doors. Whoever enters them from other than the door is called a thief.
The delicacies of the Qur'an are about them asws and they are the treasurers of Allahazwj.
When they speak they speak the truth, but when they keep quiet no one can speak
unless they speak. The forerunner should report correctly to his people, should retain his
wits and should be one of the children (a man) of the next world, because he has come
from there and would return to it.
The beginning of the action of one who sees with heart and acts with eyes it is to assess
whether the action will go against him or for him. If it is for him he indulges in it, but if it is
against him he keeps away from it. For, he who acts without knowledge is like one who
treads without a path. Then his deviation from the path keeps him at a distance from his
aim. And he who acts according to knowledge is like he who treads the clear path.
Therefore, he who can see should see whether he should proceed or return.
You should also know that the outside (of every thing) has a similar inside. Of whatever
the outside is good, its inside too is good, and whatever the outside is bad, its inside too
is bad. The truthful Prophetsaww has said that: "Allah may love a man but hate his action,
and may love the action but hate the man." You should also know that every action is
like a vegetation, and a vegetation cannot do without water while waters are different. So
where the water is good the plant is good and its fruits are sweet, whereas the water is
bad. the plant will also be bad and its fruits will be bitter.


] 33412 [

H 33412 And from Aliasws in a sermon said: And verily people are of two types The
follower of Sharia (law) and the exponent of innovation who neither has with him any
evidence from Allahazwj nor from the Sunnah nor does he have any illuminating Proof.
] 33413 [




H 33413 Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim Al Tabarsy Al Mustafa from Ibrahim Bin Al Husayn Bin Ibrahim
Al Basri from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Otba from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Ahmad Al Faqi
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

from Hammawiya Bin Ali Bin Hamawiyya from Muhamad Bin Abdullah Bin Al Muttalib Al Shaybani from
Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Mahdi Al Kindi from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Umar Bin Tareef Al Hajari from his
father from Jameel Bin Saleh from Abu Khalid Al Kably from Al Asbagh Bin Nabata ,

who has narrated


the following from the Amir-ul-Momineen
in a Hadith where he
was questioned
about the differences among the Shites, said: Verily the religion of Allahazwj cannot be
known through people but by the Signs of Truth.
asws

asws

Know the truth and you will come to know the people of the Truth. Truth is the best
narration and the narrator is a Holy Warrior. What Iasws am telling you is the Truth. Bring
your ears closer to measws (listen carefully). Heasws then spoke in great length the subject
of which was that all matters are to be returned to him asws regarding religious ordinances,
explanation of the Quran etc. And this has been narrated by Al Mufeed in his Majaalis from Ali
Bin Muhammad Bin Al Zubeyr from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Mahdi, similar to this.



] 33414 [







H 33414 - And it has been related in a previour Hadith from Abu Abdullahasws where
heasws said to Abu Hanifa: Leave off opinions and analogies, and whatever has been
said by the people regarding the religion of Allahazwj, there is no proof for that.
] 33415 [




H 33415 And in a narration from Al Husayn where he asked Jafar Bin Muhammad asws
regarding the Words of the Highazwj Obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those in
authority among you (4:59), said: The people of intellect and knowledge. I asked,
Are these special or from the generality of the people? He asws said: This is especially
for usasws.

It Is Obligatory To Refer All Matters to The Holy Infalliblesasws


] 44104 [
( ) :
( :
. ) ( )
H 33203 Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from A number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad,
from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Nasr Bin Suweyd, from Aasim Bin Hameed, from Abu Baseer,
asws
meaning Al Muraadi who has narrated the following from Abu Abdullah :

Abu Abdullahasws said regarding the Words of Allahazwj And most surely it is a
reminder for you and your people, and you shall soon be questioned - 44:44 ,
Imamasws said: The Rasool Allahsaww is the Zikr Remembrance, and the Peopleasws of
hissaww Household are the ones to be asked, and theyasws are the Ahl Ul-Zikr (The
People of Remembrance).
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( ) ] 44101 [
. . : : ) 2( ) ( :
H 33204 And by its chain from Al-Husayn Bin Saeed. From Hamaad, from Rabai, from Al Fuzayl, from
asws

Abu Abdullah

Regarding the Words of Allahazwj And most surely it is a reminder for you and your
people, and you shall soon be questioned - 44:44 , Abu Abdullahasws said: Al Zikr is
the Quran, and weasws are its People. And weasws should be asked.
] 44105 [
( : : ) (
: : : )
.
H 33205 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Safwan bin Yahya,
from Al Ala Bin Razeen, from Muhammad Bin Muslim, who has narrated the following from Abu Jafar

He said (to Imam

asws

): There are some from among us who have the opinion with regards

asws

to the Words of Allahazwj so ask the people of the Zikr if you do not know 16:43
that these are the Jews and the Christians.
Heasws said: Then they will call you to their religion. Then he said that he asws put hisasws
hand to hisasws chest and said: Weasws are the Ahl Ul Zikr and it is weasws who should be
asked.
( ] 44106 [
: : ) ( : ( ) : )
: ) ( ) ( : :
.
H 33206 And from Al-Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Moala Bin Muhammad, from AlWasha, from Abdullah Bin Ajlaan, who has narrated the following from Abu Jafar asws,
regarding the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic, so ask the people of al-Zikr if
you do not know 16:43, said: The Rasool Allahsaww is the Remembrance (Al-Zikr);
Iasws and the Imamsasws are the Ahl Ul-Zikr (People of al-Zikr), and the Words of the
Mighty and Majestic And most surely it is a reminder for you and your people, and
you shall soon be questioned - 44:44 , Abu Jafarasws said: Weasws are those people
and it is usasws from where one should ask.

It is Mandatory to Refer to the Masomeenasws:


] 44105 [
( ) ( : ) (
. . )

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H 33207 And from his, from Al Moala, from Al Hassan Bin Ali, from Ahmad Bin Aaiz, from his father,
from Ibn Azinat, from another one, from one of them

asws

said:

Imamasws said: A servant cannot become a believer until such a time as he knows
Allahazwj, and His Messengersaww and the Imamsasws all of them, and the Imamasws of his
time, and refers to himasws, and submits to them (hisasws orders).
: ] 44108 [
) ( : ( ) : ) (
: ( ) : :
.
H 33208 And from him, from Moala, from Muhammad Bin Awramat, from Ali Bin Hisaan who has
narrated the following:

My uncle Abdul Rahman Bin Katheer said to Abu Abdullah asws, so ask the people of alZikr if you do not know 16:43.
Heasws said: The Remembrance Al-Zikr is Muhammadsaww, and weasws are hissaww
people, and weasws are those who should be asked. He said that he recited And most
surely it is a reminder for you and your people, and you shall soon be questioned 44:44 . Heasws said: Weasws are the ones referred to, and weasws are the People of
remembrance and it is weasws who should be asked.
( ) ] 44102 [
. : :
H 33209 And from him, from Moala, from Al Washa, from Aban bin Uthman, who has narrated the
following from Abdullah Bin Suleyman:

Abu Jafarasws said: Al-Hassan meaning Al-Basry can go right and left, by Allahazwj he
will not find knowledge except over here.
( : ( ) : ] 44120 [
: : : . : )
: : :
! ( ) :
H 33210 And from his from Moala, from Al Washa, said that he asked Al-Rezaasws
about His Words, Ask the people of al-Zikr if you do not know, heasws said: so ask
the followers of the Reminder if you do not know 16:43. I said, Youasws are the
questioned ones and we are the questioners? he asws said: Yes. I said, Is it an
obligation upon us to question youasws? Heasws said: Yes. I said, Is it an obligation upon
youasws to answer us? Heasws said: No, That is upon usasws whether we do this or weasws
do not. Have you not heard the Words of Allah azwj the High, This is Our free gift,
therefore give freely or withhold, without reckoning 38:39.
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: ) ( ] 44122 [
: ) ( :
( ) :
.
H 33211 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, who from Al-Washa,
from Abu Al Hassan Al Reza

asws

, said that he heard him

asws

said:

Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said: There is an obligation upon the Imamsasws which is not an
obligation upon theirasws Shites, and on the Shites there is (an obligation) which is not
upon usasws. They have been Ordered by Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic to ask usasws, so
ask the people of al-Zikr if you do not know 16:43. Heazwj Ordered them to ask
usasws, and it is not upon usasws to answer. If weasws so want to weasws will answer, and if
weasws want to weasws will keep quiet.
) ( ] 44121 [
: : : ( ) :
.H 33212 And from them, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid, from his father, who has mentioned
from Zayd Al Shahaam who has narrated the following:

Abu Jafarasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic, Then let man look
to his food, - 80:24, said that he said to himasws, What is his food? Heasws said: His
knowledge that he acquires and from whom he acquires it.
] 44124 [
: ( )

.
H 33213 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Abdullah Bin Al Salt together, from Hamaad Bin
Isa, from Hareez, from Zararah, who has narrated the following:

Abu Jafarasws in a Hadith regarding Imamate said: If a man were to stand during his
nights (for worship), and Fasts during his days, and gives away in charity all of his
wealth, and performs the Pilgrimage all of his life, but does not understand the Wilayah
(Mastership) of the Guardian from Allahazwj and does not possess love for him asws, and
does not performs all his acts in accordance with him asws, he has no right upon Allahazwj
to be Rewarded, nor will he be from the people of Eman (faith).
] 44121 [
: : ( ) :
: : : : ( ) :
. :

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H 33214 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Muhammad Bin
Ismail, from Mansour Bin Yunus, from Abu Bakr, Al Hazramy who has narrated the following:

I was with Abu Jafarasws when Ward, the brother of Al-Kameet came and said, The
Words of Allahazwj so ask the people of al-Zikr if you do not know 16:43, who are
they? Heasws said: We are. He said, It is on us to ask them. Heasws said: Yes. He said,
Is it on youasws to answer us? Heasws said: That is (entirely) ourasws choice.
] 44125 [

: ( ) : : ( )
( : : :
( : ( ) : )
( ) : )
.
H 33215 And from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, and another one, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Muhammad
Bin Isa, and from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn together, from Muhammad Bin
Sinan, from Ismail Bin Jabir, from Abdul Kareem Bin Amro, from Abdul Hameed Bin Abu Al Daylam who
has narrated the following:

Abu Abdullah in a lengthy Hadith said: Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic Said, so ask
the people of al-Zikr if you do not know 16:43, heasws said: The Book is The Zikr,
and its People are The Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww. Allahazwj has Order that it is
theyasws whoasws should be asked, and has not Ordered to ask the ignorant, and Allah azwj
has Named the Quran as Zikr. The Blessedazwj Says And most surely it is a reminder
for you and your people, and you shall soon be questioned - 44:44 and Says and
We have revealed to you the Reminder that you may make clear to men what has
been revealed to them 16:44 and Says obey Allah and obey the Messenger and
those in authority from among you 4:59 and the Mighty and Majestic Says and if
they had referred it to the Messenger and to those in authority among them, those
among them who can search out the knowledge of it would have known it 4:83
The referring of the affairs affairs of the people is to those in authority among them
(Ul Il Amr), the onesasws the obedience to whomasws Allahazwj has Ordered, to refer to
themasws.
( ] 44126 [
: : )
.
H 33216 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Sinan, from Ibn
Muskaan, from Sudeyr who has narrated the following:

Abu Jafarasws, said in a Hadith: Surely three things have been obligated upon man
knowing the Imamsasws, and submitting to that which has been referred to themasws, and
to refer to themasws in that which they differ in.
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156 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Those Condemned who Use any Approach Other than Ahadith:


( ) ] 44125 [
: : ) ( : :
.
H 33217 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Yunus Ibn Yaqoub who has narrated the
following:

Abu Abdullahasws in a Hadith I have heard that youasws have forbidden theology, and
have said, Woe be unto the theologians! Abu Abdullahasws said: Iasws
have said, Woe be unto them for having avoided what I asws have said, and having gone
wherever they feel like.
] 44128 [
: : ( )
) ( * : :
: ( ) : :
( ) :
.
H 33218 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Abu Nasr, from
Hamaad Bin Uthman, from Abu Ubeyda Al Haza who has narrated the following:

Abu Jafarasws in Hadith Al-Ititaat, said: All the people are going to differ in the correct
statements, and all of them will perish. I said, Except for those on whom yourasws
Lordazwj has Shown Mercy. Heasws said: Ourasws Shites, and for Hisazwj Mercy it is that
they have been Created, and that is in Hisazwj Words, and they shall continue to differ,
Except those on whom your Lord has mercy; and for this did He create them
11:118-119 Heasws said: For the obedience to the Imam asws, and for the Mercy regarding
which Heasws has Said, and My mercy encompasses all things 7:156 Heasws said:
This is the knowledge of the Imamasws, and hisasws knowledge encompasses everything,
that is heasws has the knowledge of every thing, these are ourasws Shites, until heasws
said, and makes lawful to them the good things 7:157 Taking of the knowledge
from its origin and makes unlawful to them impure things 7:157, and the bad is a
reference to the statements of the adversaries.

One Should Never Stop Searching which He does not Know:


(: ] 44122 [
. : : )
H 33219 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Yunus, from one of his companions
who said:

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157 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Al-Hassanasws was questioned, Is it allowed for the people to avoid questioning
about what they need? Heasws said: No.

Who are the Ulemahasws, the Students and the Worthless?


: : ) ( ] 44110 [
.
H 33220 And by its chain from Yunus, from Jameel, from Abu Abdullahasws said:

People are of three types Scholar, Student, and the worthless. We asws are the
scholars, ourasws Shites are the students, and the rest of the people are worthless.
) ( ] 44112 [
: :
.
H 33221 And by its chain from Yunus, from Dawood Bin Farqad, from Hasaan Al-Jamaal, from Umeyrat
who has narrated the following:

Abu Abdullahasws said: People have been ordered to obtain our Marifat recognising
usasws), and to refer to usasws, and to submit to usasws. Then said: And if they were to
Fast, and Pray, and bear witness that there is no god but Allah azwj, and decide for
themselves that they will not refer to usasws, they would become, despite that, Mushrik
(Polytheists).
: ( ) : ] 44111 [

. ) (
H 33222 And by its chain from Yunus, from Ibn Muskaan, from Muhammad Bin Muslim who has
narrated the following:

I heard Abu Jafarasws say: No one from the people is on the right, nor does anyone from
among them judge rightfully, except from what has come out from usasws, the People of
the Householdasws, and when they face the affairs, they err in them, and the correct affair
is from Aliasws.
: ] 44114 [
: ) ( ) (
) ( ) ( :
.
H 33223 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Abu Nasr, from
Mathni, from Zarara who has narrated the following:

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158 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

I was with Abu Jafarasws, and with himasws was a man from Kufa asking himasws about the
words of the Amir-ul-Momineenasws: Ask measws whatsoever you feel like. You will not
ask me for anything, but that I asws will give you the answer for it. Heasws said: There is
no one who has any knowledge but it has come from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws. The
people can go wherever they want, by Allah azwj, there is no (correct) affair except from
here, - Heasws pointed towards hisasws own house.
(: ] 44111 [
. : )
H 33224 An from them, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Washa, from Thaalbat Bin Maymoun,
from Abu Maryam who has narrated the following:

Abu Jafarasws said to Salmat Bin Kaheel and Al Hakam Bin Uteybah: East or West, you
will not find the correct knowledge except for what has come from us asws the People of
the Householdasws.
] 44115 [
:
.
H 33225 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed,
from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Yahya Al Halby, from Moala Bin Uthman, from Abu Baseer in a Hadith
said:

Easterners issue orders and so do westerners, but by Allah azwj, there is no correct
knowledge except from the People of the Household asws on whom Jibraeelasws
descends.
] 44116 [
: ) (
. .
H 33226 And from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Abdullah, from Ibrahim Bin Ishaq, from Abdullah hamaad,
from Ibn Muskaan who has narrated the following:

Abu Abdullahasws said: Weasws are the root of all good, and ourasws branches are all good,
and ourasws enemies are the root of all evil, and from their branches is all ugliness and
promiscuity.

Saying what is not in a Hadith is an Evil:


] 44115 [
. : ( ) :

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159 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33227 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Uneyr, from Abdul Rahman bin Al
Hajaaj, from Hisham Saahib Al Bareed who has narrated the following:

Abu Abdullahasws said in a Hadith: It is an evil for you that you should say anything that
you have not heard from usasws.
] 44118 [
( : ( )
( ) : )
. ( )
H 33228 Muhammad Bin Al Hassan by his chaing from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar, from
Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Abu Al Khataab, from Ahmad Bin Muhammd Bin Abu Nasr, from Hamaad
Bin uthman, from Zarara who has narrated the following:

Abu Jafarasws regarding the Words of Mighty and Majestic, as two just persons among
you shall judge 5:95 As for the justice it is the Rasool Allahsaww and the Imamsasws
after himsaww will decide by it, and heasws is the just one. If you come to know what has
been decided by the Rasool Allahsaww and the Imamasws, it should suffice for you. Do not
ask any further.

All are Obliged to Ask themasws but its not Obligatory on themasws to
Reply:
] ( ) 44112 [
: : ) ( : ( )
: : : : : :
) ( : :
H 33229 Ali Bin Ibrahim in his Tafseer from Muhammad Bin Jafar from Abdullah Bin Muhammad from
Suleyman Bin Sufyan, from Thaalbat, from Zarara who has narrated the following:

Abu Jafarasws regarding Hisazwj Words so ask the people of al-Zikr if you do not know
16:43, Who would that be? Heasws said: It is usasws. I said, Youasws are the
questioned ones? Heasws said: Yes. I said, We are the questioners? Heasws said: Yes.
I said, It is (an obligation) upon us to ask you asws? Heasws said: Yes. I said, and is it (an
obligation) upon youasws to answer us? Heasws said: No, that is up to usasws. If weasws so
feel like weasws shall do it, and if weasws so feel like we shall keep silent. Then said: This
is Our free gift, therefore give freely or withhold, without reckoning 38:39

Only Ahadith are to be Used in the Support of Haq (Just):


] ( ) 44140 [
( )
: : : : :
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160 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

: : : : :
.
H 33230 Muhammad Bin Umar Al Kashy in the Book Al Rijaal from Muhammad Bin Masud, from Ali
Bin Muhammad Al Qummi, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Fuzayl Bin
Uthman who has narrated the following:

Abu Abdullahasws in a Hadith in which was a mention of Momin Al-Taaq, said: Iasws
have been told that he argues extensively and uses theology? I said, Yes, he does.
Heasws said: If a weak opponent so wishes he can defeat him in debate. I said, How?
Heasws said: By saying, Tell me about these statements of yours, are they from your
Imamasws? If he replies, yes, then he has forged lies against usasws, and if he were to say,
no, then (his opponent) will say to him, How can you say that which your Imamasws has
not said?
] ( ) 44142 [

( ) : ( )
! :
: ( ) :
.
H 33231 Ali Bin Muhammad Al Khazaaz in the book Al Kifaya from Ali Bin Al Hassan, from Abu
Muhammad Haroun Bin Musa, from Muhammad Bin Hamaam, from Abdullah Bin Jafar Al Humeyri, from
Umar Bin Ali Al Abdi, from Dawood Bin Katheer Al Raqi, from Yunus Bin Zabyaan who has narrated the
following:

Al-Sadiqasws in a Hadith said: Do not be deceived by their Prayers and their Fasting
and their statements and their narrations and their knowledge, for they are frightened
donkeys.
Then said: O Yunus! If you want to have correct knowledge it is with us asws the People of
the Householdasws, for weasws are the inheritors and have been Given the Wisdom and
the detailed explanation. I said, O son of the Rasool Allah saww! Are all the children of
Aliasws and Fatimaasws inheritors of that which youasws have inherited? Heasws said: No
one has inherited except for the twelve Imamsasws.
] 44141 [
( :
: )
) ( :
H 33232 And from him, from Abu Muhammad, from Abu Al Abbas Bin Aqadat, from Al Humery, and
from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ibrahim Bin Ishaq, from Al Hassan the son of the sister of
Shuayb Al Akarkufi, from the uncle of Shuayb who has narrated the following:

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161 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

I was with Al-Sadiqasws when Yunus Bin Zabyaan entered and asked him about a Hadith
until heasws said: If you want to have the correct knowledge, it is with usasws the People of
the Household, for weasws are the People of al-Zikr about whomasws Allahazwj has Said,
so ask the people of al-Zikr if you do not know 16:43.
] ( ) ( ) 44144 [
(
( : : )
: : ) ( : : )
: ( ) : : ) (
! : ) ( :
: : :
( : ) ( :
) ( : * )
.
H 33233 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn Bin Babuwayh (Al Amaali) and (Uyoon Al Akhbaar) from Ali
Bin Al Husayn Bin Shazwayh, and Jafar Bin Muhammad Bin Masroor together, from Muhammad Bin
Abdullah Bin Jafar Al Humeyri, from his father, from Al Rayaan bin Al Salt who has narrated the following:

Al-Rezaasws in a Hadith whoasws said to the scholars sitting in the gathering of AlMamoun: Inform measws about this Verse, Then We gave the Book for an inheritance
to those whom We chose from among Our servants - 35:32.
The scholars said, Allahazwj Intends by that to be the whole community. Al-Rezaasws
said: But, Allahazwj Intends the Purified Progeny, until heasws said: And weasws are the
people of al-Zikr about whomasws Allahazwj has Said, so ask the people of al-Zikr if you
do not know 16:43.
The scholars said, Surely by that is meant the Jews and the Christians. Abu AlHassanasws: Glory be to Allahazwj! And that is permissible? Then they will call you to their
religion, and say that theirs is a higher religion than Islam. Al-Mamoun said: Is there
with youasws anything against that which they have said, O Abu Al-Hsssanasws?
Heasws said: Yes, Al-Zikr (The Remembrance) is the Rasool Allahsaww, and weasws are its
People and that is borne out in the Book of Allahazwj where it is Said in the Chapter AlTalaaq (The Divorce), Therefore be careful of Allah, O men of understanding who
believe! Allah has indeed revealed to you a Zikr, an Apostle who recites to you
the clear communications - 65:1011 Al-Zikr is the Rasool Allahsaww and weasws are its
People.
] ( ) 44141 [
: ( ) :
) ( ) ( : ) 2( ) ( :

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162 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'


.
H 33234 And in the book (Fazal al Shia) from his father, from Sad Bin Abdullah, from Ahmad Bin
Muhammad, from Al Hassan Bin Ali, from Aasim Bin Hameed, from Abu Ishaq Al Nahwy who said:

I heard Abu Abdullahasws say: Surely, Allahazwj Decorated the morals of Hisazwj
Prophetsaww with Hisazwj Love. Heazwj Says And most surely you conform (yourself) to
sublime morality 68:4 until heasws said: And, surely, the Rasool Allahsaww delegated
it to Aliasws whoasws kept it in trust. You accepted it and the people fought against it. By
Allahazwj! Weasws would love you if you were to say that which we asws say, and keep quiet
when weasws are silent, and weasws are between you and Allahazwj. Allahazwj has not Kept
any goodness in the opposition to ourasws orders.
] ( ) ( ) 44145 [
( : : ) (
) ( : )
( : ) ( : ) ( :
: ( ) : )
( )
. .
H 33235 Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Abu Talib Al-Tabarsee om Al-Ihtijaj from the Amir-ulMomineenasws in hisasws argumentation against a Zanadiq (Atheist), he asws said: And
Allahazwj has Kept knowledge with its deserving ones, and obligated upon the servants
obedience to themasws by Hisazwj Words obey Allah and obey the Messenger and
those in authority from among you 4:59 and by Hisazwj Words and if they had
referred it to the Messenger and to those in authority among them, those among
them who can search out the knowledge of it would have known it 4:83 and by
Hisazwj Words be careful of (your duty to) Allah and be with the true ones 9:119
and by Hisazwj Words but none knows its interpretation except Allah, and those who
are firmly rooted in knowledge 3:7 and by Hisazwj Words and go into the houses
by their doors 2:189 and the houses, these are the houses of knowledge which were
entrusted to the Prophetsas and their doors are their as Trusteesas.
All deeds from among the good deeds that are performed on the hands of other than the
Trusteesas, their oaths and limits and Laws (Shariat) and Ways (Sunnah), are returned
and not accepted, and the performers are in the same place as infidels although the
characteristics of faith are to be found in them.
] ( ) 44146 [
. : ( ) :
H 33236 Muhammad Bin Al Hassan Al Saffar (Basaair U Darajaat) from Al Abbas Bin Aamir, from
Hamaad Bin Isa, from RabaI, from Fuzayl who said who has narrated the following:
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163 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Jafarasws say: Whatsoever that does not come from this House is invalid.
( : ( ) : ] 44145 [
. ) ( : : )
H 33237 And from him, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Amr Bin Yazeed who said:

Abu Jafarasws said regarding Hisazwj Words, And most surely it is a Zikr (reminder)
for you and your people, and you shall soon be questioned - 44:44 , said: Al-Zikr is
the Rasool Allahsaww, and the Peopleasws of hissaww Household are the Ahl Ul-Zikr, and
they are to be asked of.
) ( ] 44148 [
. : ) 1( ) ( :
H 33238 And from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Ibn Azinat, from Bureyd Bin
Muawiya said:

Abu Jafarasws regarding Hisazwj Words, And most surely it is a Zikr (reminder) for you
and your people, and you shall soon be questioned - 44:44 , said: Weasws are the
ones meant here, weasws are the Ahl Ul-Zikr, and weasws are to be asked.

There is No Religion without Acting on the Ahadith:


( ] 44142 [
. : )
H 33239 And from him, from Al Hassan Bin amaar from Ahmad Bin Al Nazar, from Amro Bin Shimr,
from Jabir who has narrated the following:

Abu Jafarasws said: Whoever makes it to be a religion of Allahazwj without having heard
from the truthfulasws, Allahazwj will Necessitate him to be wandering aimlessly on the Day
of Judgement.
( : ( ) ] ( ) 44110 [
. ( ) : : )
H 33240 Al-Ayyashi in his Tafseer from Al-Abbas Bin Hilal, has narrated the following:

Al-Rezaasws in a Hadith said: Al-Sadiqasws said: Iasws am from those about whom
Allahazwj Says These are they whom Allah guided, therefore follow their guidance
6:90 so ask whatever you wish.
: ) ( ] 44112 [
( : )2( ) ( :
. . ) 1( )
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164 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33241 And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad who has narrated the following:

Al-Rezaasws, whoasws wrote to him: May Allahazwj Excuse usasws and you! Surely, ourasws
Shites are the ones who remain obedient to usasws, and do not oppose usasws. Allahazwj
Says, so ask the people of al-Zikr if you do not know 16:43, and Says, why
should not then a company from every party from among them go forth that they
may apply themselves to obtain understanding in religion, and that they may warn
their people 9:122, it is an obligation upon you to ask and refer matters to us asws, and
there is no obligation upon usasws to answer you.
] ( ) 44111 [
: ( )
! : ) ( ) (
!
.
H 33242 Furat Bin Ibrahim Al Kufi in his Tafseer from Ali Bin Muhammad Al Zuhry, from Ahmad Bin Al
Fazl Al Qarshi, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Saalim Al Ansaari, from his father, and Aasim, and Al Husayn
Bin Abu Aala who has narrated the following:

Abu Abdullahasws said in a Hadith - : Surely the Rasool Allahsaww said to Aliasws: O Aliasws!
Isaww am the city of knowledge and youasws are its door (entrance). Whoever comes
through the door will reach mesaww, O Aliasws! Youasws are the door by which Isaww can be
reached, and Isaww am the door of Allahazwj. One who tries to reach me from other than
yourselfasws will not reach mesaww, and one tries to reach Allahazwj from other than
myselfsaww will not reach Himazwj.
(: ( ) ] 44114 [
: : : )
H 33243 And from Ubeyd Bin Katheer from Al Husayn who has narrated the following:

I asked from Jafar Bin Muhammadasws about the Words of Allahazwj, obey Allah and
obey the Messenger and those in authority from among you 4:59, (Imamasws)
said: Those with understanding and knowledge. We asked, Is this special or general?
Heasws replied: But this is especially for usasws.
: ) ( ] 44111 [
. ) (
H 33244 And from Jafar Bin Muhammad Al Fazary who has narrated the following:

Abu Jafarasws, said: The ones referred to al Ul Il-Amr in this Verse are the Progenyasws
of Muhammadsaww.

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165 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

The City of Knowledge and Its Gate:


] ( ) 44115 [

( ) ) (
. :
H 33245 Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim Al Tabari in (Bashaarat Al Mustafa) from Al Hasan Bin
Babuwayh, from his uncle, from his father, from his unlce Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Babuwayh, from Al
Hasan Bin Muhammad Bin Saeed Al Hashimi, from Furat Bin Ibrahim Al Kufi, from Muhammad Bin
Zaheer, from Abdullah Bin Al Fazl Al Hashimi who has narrated the following:

Al Sadiqasws, from his forefathersasws, from the Rasool Allahsaww in a Hadith said: Isaww
am the city of wisdom, and Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws is its gate, the city cannot be entered
into except by its gate.

A Status of a Person is based on His Abilities to Narrate Ahadith:


: ) ( ] 44151 [
. : ( )
H 33252 And from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Ibn Sinan, from Muhammad
Bin Marwan, from Ali Bin Hanzala who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws say: Recognise the status of the people in accordance with how much
they narrate from usasws.

Allahazwj Praises the Narrators of Ahadith:


: ] 44154 [
: ( ) : : ) (

H 33253 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Mansour Bin Yunus, from
Abu Baseer who has narrated the following:

I asked from Abu Abd Allahasws, The Words of Allahazwj Mighty is His Glory, "Those who
listen to the word, then follow the best of it" 39:18. Heasws said: He is the man who
listens to the Ahadith, and narrates it as he has heard it, neither does he add anything to
it nor does he leaves anything out of it.
: ] 44151 [
. : : ) (
H 33254 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al-Husayn, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from
Ibn Azniat, from Muhammad Bin Muslim who has narrated the following:
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166 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, I hear Ahadith from youasws, I add something to it and leave
something out. Heasws said: If you have preserved its meaning, there is no problem.
: ) ( : ] 44155 [
: : : :
. :
H 33255 And from him, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Ibn Sinan, from Dawood Ibn Faqad who
who has narrated the following:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, I hear some words from youasws, and I intend to narrate it
exactly as I have heard from youasws but it does not happen. Heasws said: Do you do that
deliberately? I said, No. Heasws said: Do you intend to preserve the meaning? I said,
Yes. Heasws said: There is no problem.
] 44156 [
: ) ( :
. : ( ) :
H 33256 And from him, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al
Qasim Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Abu Baseer, who says:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, I hear a Hadith from youasws, can I narrate it as being from
yourasws fatherasws? Or having heard it from yourasws fatherasws, can I narrate it as being
from youasws? Heasws said: It is the same, except that if you were to narrate it as being
from myasws father, it is more beloved to me. And Abu Abd Allah asws said to Jameel:
Whatever you hear from measws, narrate it as being from myasws fatherasws.
: : ] 44155 [
:
.
H 33257 And from him, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, and Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Ibn
Mahboub, from Abdullah Bin Sinan says:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, A group comes to me and wishes to hear from me your asws
Ahadith, I get restless and do not have the strength. Heasws said: Read to them the first
part of the Hadith, and then in the middle (of the entire session) read Hadith, and at the
end of the session, read the (last part of the) Hadith.
: ) ( : ] 44158 [
. : : :
H 33258 And from him by his chain from Ahmad Bin Umar Al Halaal says:

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167 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

I said to Abu Al-Hassan Al-Rezaasws, A man from our companions gives me a book, and
does not tell me to narrate from it. Is it permissible for me to narrate it as being from
him? Heasws said: If you come to know that the book is from him, then you can narrate it
as being from him.
( ] 44152 [
: ) ( : )
.
H 33259 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, and from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Ibn Khalid, from Al
Nawfaly, from Al Sakuni who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Amir-ul-Momineenasws said; When you narrate a Hadith, then
mention its chain (of narrators). If it was the truth then it is to you (its reward), and if it
was false it is to them (its punishment).

It is Important to Write and Read Ahadith:


] 44160 [
. : ) (
H 33260 And from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Abdullah, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Abu Ayoub Al
Madani, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Husayn Al Hamasy who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: The heart relies upon the written words.
] 44162 [
. : ( ) :
H 33261 And from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Moala Bin Muhammad, from Al Hasan Bin Ali Al
Washa, from Aasim Bin Hameed, from Abu Baseer who said:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Write it, for you will not be able to memorise it until you
write it down.
] 44161 [
. : ) ( :
H 33262 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al Hasan Bin Ali
Bin Fazaal, from Ibn Bakeer, from Ubeyd Bin Zarara who said:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Preserve your books, for you will soon have a need for those.
] 44164 [
: ) ( :
.
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168 out of 250

Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33263 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid Al Barqi, from
one of our companions, from Abu Saeed Al Khaybari, from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar who said:

Abu Abd Allahasws said to me: Write, and spread your knowledge within your brothers.
When you (are about to) die, leave your books as inheritance for your children, for there
will come upon the people a time of disorder, they will not find relief in it except by their
books.
( ( ) ] 44161 [
. ! : : )
H 33264 And in the Ziyaarat, the Hadith of Muhammad Bin Maarid has mentioned:

Abu Abd Allahasws regarding the virtues of the Ziyaarat of Amir-ul-Momineenasws until
heasws said - : O Ibn Maarid! Write down this Hadith in golden liquid.
: ] 44165 [
.
H 33265 And it has preceded regarding the enjoining of the good in a Hadith on blood
rights until heasws said: Write this down in gold, for you will not have written any thing
better than this.
] ( ) ( ) ( ) 44166 [
. :
H 33266 And it has been narrated by Al-Saffar in Basaair Al-Darajaat from themasws a
Hadith regarding the virtues of the Imamsasws until heasws said: It is (more like)
obligatory to write down this Hadith by the ink of gold.
: ) ( : ] 44165 [
. : :
H 33267 And from them, from Ahmad, from Muhammad Bin Ali who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Beware of lies and deceit. It was said to him asws, What lies and
deceit? Heasws said: A man narrates a Hadith to you and you avoid him and narrate from
the one whom he had narrated from.
] 44168 [
( ) : ( ) :
. :
H 33268 And from Ahmad Bin Mehran, from Abdul Azeem Al Hasany, from Ali Bin Asbaat, from Al
Hakam Bin Ayman, from Abu Baseer said:

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

I asked Abu Abd Allahasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic, Those
who listen to the word, then follow the best of it - 41:93 ,until the end of the Verse.
Heasws said: They are the ones who have submitted to the Progeny asws of
Muhammadsaww, when they hear the Hadith, they do not add anything to it nor do they
leave anything out of it, they go with it (act upon it) as they have heard it.
( ) ] 44162 [
: : : ) 2( ) ( :
.
H 33269 And from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Moala Bin Muhammad, from Ali Ibn Asbaat who
has narrated the following:

Al-Rezaasws in the Hadith Al-Kanz in which Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic has Said, and
there was beneath it a treasure belonging to them 18:82 , when it was said to
himasws, May I be your ransom, I would like to write it down. Heasws hit hisasws hand, by
Allahazwj, towards the ink pot and placed it in front of me. I kissed hisasws hand and took it,
and wrote it down.
: ] 44150 [
. : ) (
H 33270 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad BNin Isa, from Ahmad Bin
Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr, from Jameel Bin Daraaj who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Place eraab on ourasws Hadith for weasws are an eloquent
people.
] 44152 [
: ( ) :

. ( )
H 33271 And from Ali Bin Muhammad, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Umar
Bin Abdul Aziz, from Hisham Bin Saalim, and Hamaad Bin Uthman, and others, who have narrated the
following:

We have heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Myasws Hadith is the Hadith of myasws fatherasws,
and the Hadith of myasws fatherasws is the Hadith of myasws grandfatherasws, and the Hadith
of myasws grandfather is the Hadith of Al-Husaynasws, and the Hadith of Al-Husaynasws is
the Hadith of Al-Hassanasws, and the Hadith of Al-Hassan is the Hadith of Amir-ulMomineenasws, and the Hadith of Amir-ul-Momineenasws is the Hadith of the Rasool
Allahsaww, and the Hadith of the Rasool Allahsaww is the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and
Majestic.

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: ] 44151 [
) ( : ) (
. : ( )
H 33272 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Al
Hassan Bin Abu Khalid Sheynulat, said:

I said to Abu Jafarasws the second, May I be sacrificed for youasws! Our elders used to
narrate from Abu Jafarasws and Abu Abd Allahasws, and it was a period of severe
dissimulation (Taqeeya). They used to hide their books and not narrate from them. When
they died, they left their books for us. Heasws said, Narrate by them, for they are the
truth.

A Doubter is a Doubter from His Mothers Womb:


] 44154 [
) ( ) ( :
: ) ( : ) (
.
H 33273 And from Hameed Bin Ziyad, from Al-Hassan Bin Muhammad Al-Kindi, from Ahmad Bin
Udays, from Abaan Bin Uthman, from Ab Al-Asbah who said the following:

I heard statements being narrated from the Rasool Allah saww and from Aliasws, and from
Ibn Masud. I presented these to Abu Abd Allah asws, heasws said: This is the word of the
Rasool Allahsaww: The doubter is a doubter from his mothers womb, and mentioned the
words in detail.
] 44151 [
: : ( )
.
H 33274 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Fazaal, from Ibn
Bukeyr, from Hamza Bin Al Tayyaar who has narrated the following:

I presented to Abu Abd Allahasws some of the sermons of his father, until he came to a
subject matter from it, heasws said to him: Enough, and be silent. Then said: You have
no way out, when something comes to you and you do not know it, you better remain
silent, and get it verified and refer it to the Imamsasws of guidance.
( : ] 44155 [
: ) ( : )
. : :
H 33275 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Yunus, from Yazeed Ibn Khalifa said:

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I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, Umar Bin Hanzala gave to us from youasws (a Hadith). Abu
Abd Allahasws said: Then he will not have lied against us asws. And the Hadith was
mentioned until heasws said: This is true.
: ] 44156 [
. : ( ) ( )
H 33276 And from him, from his father, from Ibn Fazaal, and from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Yunus
altogether, said:

We presented the Book of Obligations from Amir-ul-Momineenasws to Abu Al-Hassan Al


Rezaasws, who said: This is correct.

Who is a Faqih?
] ( ) 44124 [

. : ) (
H 33293 Muhammad Bin Muhammad Al Nu;man Al Mufeed in Al Ikhtisaas from Ja;far Bin
Muhammad Bin Qulawayh, from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad Bin Aamir, from Maaly Ibn Muhammad, from
Muhammad Bin Jamhour, from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Abu Najraan, from a companions of his, with a chain
asws
up to Abu Abd Allah :

Abu Abd Allahasws said: One who memorises from ourasws Hadith, forty Hadith, Allahazwj
will Send him on the Day of Judgement as a Faqih (Man of understanding), a
knowledgeable one.
: ) ( : ] 44122 [
.
H 33299 And by this chain, said: The Rasool Allahsaww said: One who from mysaww
community memorises forty Hadith, benefits the people by them, Allah azwj will Send him
on the Day of Judgement as a Faqih (man of understanding), a knowledgeable one.
: ( ) : ] 44121 [
.
H 33294 - Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn by his chain from Aban Bin Usman who says:
Abu Abd Allahasws said to him: Surely Aban Bin Tablugh has narrated from us asws
numerous narrations. Whatever that he has narrated to you from me asws, you can narrate
that as being from measws.
: : ) ( : ) ( : ] 44125 [
. :
( )
. : ( )
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H 33295 And the Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: The Rasool Allahsaww said: O Allahazwj
has Mercy on mysaww Caliphs. Iasws said to him saww: O Rasool Allahsaww, and who are
yoursaww Caliphs? Hesaww said: The oneasws whoasws will come after mesaww and narrate
mysaww Hadith and mysaww way (Sunnah).
And it has been narrated from Al-Majalis from Al-Husayn Bin Ahmad Bin Idrees, from his father, from
Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Muhammad Bin Ali, from Isa Bin Abdullah, from his father, from his

from Aliasws the like of this, and with this increment: Then theyasws will teach
mysaww community.
forefathers,

The Meanings of Fuqaha:


: ] 44158 [
. : : : ) (
H 33278 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Falan Al Rafiqi, who narrates:

My cousin brother who was a pious man, Abu Al-Hassanasws said to him: Go ponder and
seek the Ahadith. I said, From whom? He asws said: From the Fuqaha (men of
understanding) of Medina, then present to me the Ahadith.
) ( : ] 44152 [
. . : : :
H 33279 And from him, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Umar Bin Azinat, from Zarara who
says:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, What the people are narrating, that the Prayer in
congregation is better than a Prayer of a solitary man by twenty five times? He asws said:
This is true.
: ) ( : ] 44180 [

. .
H 33280 And from him, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Muhammad Bin Hakim who says:
I said to Abu Al-Hassan Al-Musaasws, May I be sacrificed for youasws! We have pondered
in the religion, and Allahazwj has Made us to be independent of the people, to the extent
that if a group of us are in a gathering, a man presents a question to one of us, he
presents the answer for it. This is from Allahazwj by youasws.
! (: ] ( ) 44182 [
)1( ) ( )
.
H 33281 In the preceding Hadith about the letter written by Abu Abd Allahasws to hisasws
companions: O group! It is on you to follow the evidence of the Rasool Allah saww and the
Sunnah, and the evidence of the Imams asws of Guidance from the Peopleasws of the
Household of the Rasool Allahsaww. As for the one who takes by themasws has been
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

guided, and one who avoids them asws and turns away has gone astray, for theyasws are
the ones that Allahazwj has Ordered obedience and Mastership (Wilayah).

The Believers Learn from Each Other:


] 44181 [
: : : ) (
. . :
H 33282 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ahmad Bin
Muhammad bin Abdullah, from a man, from Jameel who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Believers are servants of each other. I asked, How do they
serve each other? Heasws said: They profit each other (teach Ahadith).
] 44184 [
: ) (
.
H 33283 And from him, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Muhammad, Bin Ismail Ibn Bazee, from
Saleh Bin Uqba, from Yazeed Bin Abdul Malik who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Visit each other, for in your visitations there is life for your hearts,
and mention ourasws Hadith, and ourasws Hadith inclines some of you towards the others.
The one who holds to them will be guided and achieve salvation, and if you were to
avoid them you will go astray and be destroyed. Hold on to them, and I asws am
responsible for your salvation.
: ] 44181 [
: ( )
) 2(
.
H 33284 And from him, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Mahboub, from Jameel Bin Saleh, from
Abu Ubeyda Al Haza says:

I heard Abu Jafarasws say: By Allahazwj! The most beloved of myasws companions to me is
the one who ponders ourasws narrations and preserves ourasws Hadith and the worst is the
one who hears a Hadith that has been attributed to us asws, and has been narrated from
usasws, but does not accept it, loathes it and fights against it, and becomes an infidel by
making this to be his religion, and he does not know that this Hadith could have indeed
come from usasws, and to usasws is its chain. As a result of this he exits from our Wilayah.
: : ) ( ] 44185 [
! : :
.
H 33285 And from him, from Ahmad, from Umar Bin Abdul Azeez, from Jameel who has narrated the
following:

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Abu Abd Allahasws: One of the characteristics that Allahazwj has specialised a believer
with is that goodness will emanate from him for his brothers. And he asws said: And
goodness is not in the abundance of it. Until heasws said: O Jameel! Narrate this Hadith
to your brothers for it will encourage goodness.
] 44186 [
: ( ) :

.
H 33286 And from Abu Ali Al Ashari, from Muhammad Bin Abdul Jabbar, from Muhammad Bin Ismail,
from Ali Bin Al Numan, from Ibn Muskan, from Abdullah Bin Anu Yafur who said:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Taqqiya (Dissimulation) is a shield for the believer, and
the dissimulation is a safety for the believer, and there is no faith with the one who has
no dissimulation. There is a servant to whom reaches a Hadith from our asws Ahadith, he
makes it to be the Religion of Allahazwj between himself and Himazwj. This becomes an
honour for him in this world and a light in the Hereafter. And there is a servant to whom
reaches a Hadith from ourasws Hadith and he wastes it. This becomes a disgrace for him
in this world and Allahazwj Takes away that light from him.

Teach Ahadith to the Young Ones:


] 44185 [
: ( ) ) (
.
H 33287 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid, from
Muhammad Bin Ali, from Umar Bin Abdul Aziz, from Jameel Bin Daraaj, or another one the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws, said: Teach your new (generation) ourasws Ahadith before the
Murjiites150 get to them.

Transmitting Ahadith:
] 44188 [
: ( ) : ) (

. .
H 33288 - And from them, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abu
Nasr from Aban Bin Uthman, from Ibn Abu Yafur who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Surely the Rasool Allahsaww addressed the people in Masjid AlKheef as: May Allahazwj Make happy a servant who hears mysaww speech, accepts it, and
memorises it, and tells it to the one who has not heard it. Sometimes a recipient is not an
understanding one, and sometimes the one to whom he relates it to is more
understanding than himself.
150

People who use opinion in religion.

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] 44182 [
( : : : :
: : ) ! ( )
( ) :
! :
. .
H 33289 And from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from one of our companions, from Ali Bin Al Hakam,
from Al Hakam Bin Maskeen, from A man from the Qureysh who said:

Sufyan Al-Sury told him to accompany him to Jafar Bin Muhammad asws. He said, I went
with him to himasws. Sufyan said to himasws, O Abu Abd Allahasws! Narrate to us the
sermon of the Rasool Allahsaww in Masjid Al-Kheef. Until he said that Sufyan said, Get
for me a pen and paper so that I may write it down. He asws ordered it for him, then said:
Write In the Name of Allahazwj the Beneficent the Merciful Sermon of the Rasool
Allahsaww in Masjid Al-Kheef: May Allahazwj Make happy a servant who hears mysaww
speech, accepts it, tells it to the one to whom it has not been told. O you People! Let
those who are present tell it to those who are absent. Sometimes a recipient is not an
understanding one, and sometimes the one to whom he relates it to is more
understanding than him.
( ) ] 44120 [
( :
: * )


.
H 33290 And from Ali Bin Al Husayn, from Muhammad Al Kunasy, from his chain up to
Abu Abd Allahasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic and whoever is
careful of (his duty to) Allah, He will make for him an outlet, And give him
sustenance from whence he thinks not 65:2-3, said: These are a group of ourasws
weak Shites who do not have the means to come to us asws. They hear ourasws Hadith,
and quote from ourasws knowledge. A group higher than them makes arrangements,
spend money and place their bodies in tiredness until they come to usasws. They hear
ourasws Hadith and relate it to those ones who benefit from them whilst these waste them.
Those are the ones about whom Allah azwj has Found an outlet and has Provided
sustenance for them from where they thought not.
] 44122 [

: ( ) ( )
:

.
H 33291 And from Ali Bin Muhammad, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, and Muhammad Bin Yahya, and another
one, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, and Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Mahboub, from Hisham
Bin Saalim, from Abu Hamza, from Abu Ishaq al Sabiy who has narrated:

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

A companion of the Amir-ul-Momineenasws and who was a trustworthy one who heard this
speech of the Amir-ul-Momineenasws which heasws gave from the Pulpit of Kufa: O
Allahazwj! Youazwj change Yourazwj Proofasws in Yourazwj earth, Proofasws after Proofasws onto
Yourazwj creation, whoasws Guide towards Yourazwj Religion and teach Yourazwj Knowledge
so that there would be no difference between those that follow Your azwj Guardiansasws.
Such a Proofasws that can be followed or a hidden watchful one asws, whoasws would be
hidden from the people in person, but hisasws knowledge would not be hidden from them,
and theirasws etiquettes would be in the hearts of the believers, firmly established, and
they would be acting in accordance with that.
: ] ( ) ( ) 44121 [
. ) (
H 33292 Muhammad Bin Al-Hassan in the book Al Iddat writes:
Al-Sadiqasws said: When an event transpires and you do not know whether its verdict has
come from usasws, look to what has been narrated from Aliasws, and act in accordance
with that.

The Virtues of the Muhadith of Our Times:


( ) ] 44126 [
! : ) ( ) (
( . ) (
. ( ) )
H 33296 And by its chain from Hammad Bin Amro, and Anas Bin Muhammad, from his father the
following:

Jafar Bin Muhammadasws, from hisasws forefathersasws in the will of the Prophetsaww to
Aliasws, said: O Aliasws! Isaww am impressed by the faith of the people and the greatness of
their conviction, the group which will be in the end of times. They will not have met the
Prophetsaww, and they will be veiled from the proof asws (Al-Hujjat). They will believe by the
black upon the white (ink on the paper).
And in the book Ikmaal Al-Deen by its chain from Hamaad Bin Amro from Jafar Ibn Muhammad
like of this.

asws

, the

] ( ) 44125 [
: : ) (
. . :
H 33297 An in Uyoon Al Akhbaar from Abdul Wahid Bin Muhammad Bin Abdous, from Ali Bin
Muhammad Bin Quteyba, from Hamad bin Suleyman, from Abdul Salaam Al Haqwy says:

Al-Rezaasws said: May Allahazwj have Mercy on the one who keep alive ourasws affairs. I
said, How does one keep alive yourasws affairs? Heasws said: He learns ourasws
knowledge, and teaches it to the people, for if the people were to come to know the good
in ourasws speech, they will follow usasws.

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

( : ) ( ] 44128 [
: : : )
.
H 33298 And by the previous chain regarding the ablution, from Al-Rezaasws, from
hisasws forefathersasws, said: The Rasool Allahsaww said: O Allahazwj! Have Mercy on
mysaww Caliphs three times. It was said to himsaww, O Rasool Allahsaww, who are
yoursaww Caliphs? Hesaww said: Those that will come after mesaww and will narrate from
mesaww mysaww Ahadith and mysaww way (Sunnah). Theyasws will teach the people after
mesaww.

Those Who Give Fatwa:


: ) ( : ] 44400 [
.
H 33300 And by this chain, said: The Rasool Allah saww said: One who issues Fatwa
(Decrees) to the people without knowledge, is cursed by the Angels of the sky and the
earth.

The Importance of Narrating Ahadith:


] ( ) 44402 [
: : ) ( :
: : :
:
.
H 33301 And in Maani Al Akhbaar from his father, from Ahman Bin Idrees, from Al Husayn Bin
Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from a man who says:

I wrote to Abu Muhammadasws It has been narrated from yourasws forefathersasws that
yourasws Hadith are difficult, none can bear them, neither an Angel of Proximity, nor a
Messenger Prophetasws, nor an examined believer.
Heasws said in hisasws reply: Surely, its meaning is that the Angel cannot bear it until he
takes it out and gives it to an Angel like himself, and a Prophet asws cannot bear it until
heasws takes it out and gives it to a Prophetasws like himasws, and a believer cannot bear it
until he takes it out and gives it to a believer like himself, this is its meaning. He cannot
bear its sweetness in his heart and chest until he takes it out and gives it to another.
] ( ) 44401 [
. : ) ( :
H 33302 And in Al Khisaal from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Al-Saffar, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed,
from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Khataab Bin Muslama, from Al Fuzeys Bin Yasaar who says:

Abu Jafarasws said to me: O Fuzeyl! Ourasws Ahadith revive the heart.

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

The Status of a Ahadith Narrator:


) ] ( 44404 [
) (
. :
H 33303 An from Tahir Bin Muhammad from Hayaat Al Faqiy, from Muhammad Bin Usman Al Harwy
from Jafar Bin Muhammad Bin Suwaar, from Ali Bin Hajar Al Saady, from Saeed Bin Najeeh, from Ibn
Jareej, from Ata, from Ibn Abbas who says:

Prophetsaww said: One who from mysaww community memorises forty Hadith from the
Sunnah, Iasws would be his intercessor on the Day of Judgement.
] 44401 [
: ) ( :
.
H 33304 And by its chain from Jafar Bin Muhammad Bin Suwaar, from Isa Bin Ahmad, from Urwat Bin
Marwaan, from Rabee Bin Badr, from Aban, from Anas who says:

Rasool Allahsaww said: One who from mysaww community memorises forty of mysaww
Ahadith in the ordinances of religion, intending by that to face Allah azwj in the House of
the Hereafter, Allahazwj will Send him to be a Faqih (man of understanding) and a
knowledgeable one.
] 44405 [
: ) ( : ) (
.
H 33305 And from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Al Saffar, from Ali Bin Ismail, from Al Dahqan, from
Muha Bin Ibrahim Al Maruzy says:

Abu Al Hassanasws says that the Rasool Allahsaww said: One who from mysaww community
memorises forty Hadith in seeking the ordinances of his religion, Allah azwj will Send him
on the Day of Judgements as a Faqih (man of understanding), a knowledgeable one.
] 44406 [
: )1( )2(
: ( )
.
H 33306 And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Al Haysam Al Ajali, and Abdullah Bin Muhammad Al Al
Saeg. And Ali Bin Andullah Al Waraq altogether, from Hamza Bin Al Qasim Al Alawy, from Al Husayn Bin
Shibl, from Ali Bin Muhammad Al Shaadi, from Ali Bin Yusuf, from Hanan Bin Sadeer who says:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: One who memorises from measws forty Hadith regarding
the permissible and the prohibited, Allahazwj will Send him on the Day of Judgement as a
Faqih (man of understanding), a knowledgeable one, and will not Punish him.
) ( ] 44405 [

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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

( : ) (
! : ) ) (

. .
H 33307 And from Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Musa Al Daqaaq, and Al Husayn Bin Ibrahim Bin Hisham Al
Maktab, and Muhammad Bin Ahmad Al Sanany altogether, from Muhammad Ibn Abu Abd Allah Abu Al
Husayn Al Asady, from Musa Bin Imran Al Nakhaie, from his uncle Al Husayn Bin Yazeed, from Ismail Bin
Al Fazl Al Hashamy, and Ismail Bin Abu Zyad altogether narrate the following:

Jafar Bin Muhammadasws, from his fatherasws narrated that The Rasool Allahsaww said in
hissaww will to the Amir-ul-Momineen Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws: O Aliasws! One who from
mysaww community memorises forty Ahadith, intending by that to face Allah azwj and the
House of the Hereafter, Allahazwj Place him on the Day of Judgement along with the
Prophetsasws and the Truthful, and the Martyrs, and the Righteous Ones, and good ones
to be his friends.
] ( ) 44408 [
:
: ) (

. :
H 33308 And in Al Amaly from Muhammad Bin Ali, from Ali Bin Muhammad Ibn Abu Al Qasim, from his
father, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr Al Adny, from Al Abbas Ibn Hamza, from Ahmad Bin Suwaar, from
Ubeydullah Bin Aasim, from Salmat Bin Wardaan, from Anas who says:

The Rasool Allahsaww said: When a believer dies leaving behind a single paper of
knowledge, this paper will be a veil on the Day of Judgement between him and the Fire,
and Allahazwj Blessed and High will Grant him, for every word contained therein, a city
more expansive than seven times this world, and there is no believer who sits an hour
with a scholar but his Lordazwj Mighty and Majestic Calls out to him: You have sat with
Myazwj beloved, by Myazwj Honour and Myazwj Majesty, Iazwj shall Make you sit in the
Garden with him, and Iazwj will not quiz you.
] 44402 [
: ) (

.
H 33309 And from his father, from Sad, from Ahmad Bin Al Husayn Bin Saeed. From Muhammad Bin
Jamhour Al Amy, from Abdul Rahman Bin Abu Najraan, from Aasim Ibn Hameed, from Muhammad Bin
Muslim who says:

Abu Abd Allah Al Sadiqasws said: The one from ourasws Shites who memories forty Hadith,
Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic will Send him on the Day of Judgement as a
knowledgeable man of understanding, and will not Punish him.
( ) ] ( ) ( ) 44420 [
: :
( )
( :
) ( )
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

H 33310 And in Uyoon Al Akhbaar and Al Illal by their chains from Al Fazl Bin Shazaan narrates:
Al-Rezaasws in a Hadith said: Allahazwj only Ordered the Pilgrimage so that they would
all come as a group, and seek the increase, and exit from all their errors committed by
the servants until heasws said: And let among them be those that ponder, and copy the
Ahadith of the Imamsasws to every corner of the world, as Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic
has Said "why should not then a company from every party from among them go
forth that they may apply themselves to obtain understanding in religion, and that
they may warn their people when they come back to them that they may be
cautious?" 9:122 and "That they may witness advantages for them" 22:28
] ( ) 44422 [

: ( ) :
( : :
. . )
H 33311 And in Al Illal from Ali Bin Ahmad, and Muhammad Bin Ahmad Al Sanany, and Al Husayn Bin
Ibrahim Bin Ahmad Bin Hashim altogether, from Muhammad Bin Abu Abd Allah al Kufi, from Muhammad
Bin Ismail, from Al Abbas, from Umar Bin Abdul Aziz, from a man who says:

Hisham Bin Al-Hakam said, I asked Abu Abd Allahasws about the reason for placing the
difficulty on the servant for the Pilgrimage and the circumambulation of the House.
Heasws said: Surely, Allahazwj Created the creation until heasws said: Made them to
come together from the East and the West so that they may come to know (the
Message) until heasws said: And to know the effects of the Rasool Allah saww, and to
know hissaww Ahadith, and remember them and not forget.
] ( ) 44421 [
:
) ( : : ) (
:
.
.
H 33312 Muhammad Bin Muhammad Bin Al Numan Al Mufeed in Al Majaalis from Jafar Bin
Muhammad Bin Quluqayh, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Haroun Ibn Muslim, from Ibn Asbaat,
from Sayf Bin Umeyra, from Amro Bin Shimr from Jabir who says:

I said to Abu Jafarasws When youasws relate to me a Hadith, give me its chain. Heasws
said: It has been narrated to measws from myasws fatherasws, from myasws grandfatherasws,
from the Rasool Allahsaww, from Jibraeel, from Allahazwj Blessed and High, and all that
Iasws narrated to you is by this chain. And said: A single Hadith that you take from the
truthful, is better for you than this world and whatever is in it.

Make Haste in Learning Ahadith:


] ( ) 44424 [
: ) (
. .

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H 33313 Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid Al Barqi in Al Mahaasin from his father, from Yunus Bin
Abdul Rahmaan, from Amro Bin Shimr, from Jabir who says:

Abu Jafarasws said: Hasten in the seeking of knowledge. By the One azwj in Whoseazwj
Hand is myasws soul, a single Hadith that you take from the truthful is better than this
world and what in contains of the gold and silver.
: ) ( ] 44421 [
. ! :
H 33314 And from his father, from Ahmad Bin Al Nazar, from Amro Bin Shimr, from Jabir who says:
Abu Jafarasws said: O Jabir! By Allahazwj, a single Hadith that reaches you from the
truthful regarding the permissible and the prohibited, is better for you than what comes to
you, from the sunrise to the sunset.
: ) ( ] 44425 [
.
H 33315 And from Muhammad Bin Al Hameed, from his uncle Abdul Salaam Bin Saalim, from a man
who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: A Hadith regarding the permissible and the prohibited that you
take from the truthful, is better than the world and what is in it of the gold and the silver.

Take the Ahadith and leave out Comments/Opinions:


] ( ) 44411 [
: ( )
.
H 33324 Muhammad Bin Al Hassan in the book Al Gayba from Abu Al Husayn Bin Tamaam, from
Abdullah Al Kufy the attendant of Sheykh Al Husayn Bin Rooh, from Al Husayn Bin Rooh says:

Imam Abu Muhammadasws Al-Hassan Bin Aliasws whoasws was asked regarding the book of
Banu Fazaal, said: Take the Ahadith that are in it, and leave the opinions therein.
] ( ) 44415 [
:
: : : ( )
.
H 33325 Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Al Abbas Al Najashy in the book Al Rijaal from Al Mufeed, from
Jafar Bin Muhammad Bin Qulawayh, from Ali Bin Al Husayn Bin Babuwayh, from Abdullah Bin Jafar Al
Humeyri, from Abu Hisham Al Jafary who says:

I presented to Abu Muhammad Al-Askaryasws the book Day and Night of Yunus. Heasws
said to me: Who has compiled this? I said to him asws, It has been compiled by the slave
of the house of Yaqteen. Heasws said: Allahazwj will Grant him for all the word a light on
the Day of Judmgment.
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[ ] 44416 : (
) . :
. : (
) .
H 33326 And from Abu Al Abbas Bin Nuh, from Al Safwany, from Al Hassan Ibn Muhammad Bin Al
Wajna who says:

We wrote to Abu Muhammadasws asking himasws to write or give us a book that we can
act by it. Heasws sent to us a book of action. Safwany said: We copied it by the writing of
Ibn Khanab, and there was a difference of a little bit more or less. And Al-Najashy
mentioned, The book of Ubeydullah Bin Ali Al-Hably was presented to Al-Sadiqasws.
Heasws deemed it to be correct and good.
[ 81 ] 44415 ( ) ( ) :
.
H 33327 Al-Hassan Bin Ali Bin Shaba in Tuhaf Al Uqool quotes a sermon:
Amir-ul-Momineenasws, in a sermon said: Say that which has been said to you, and
accept what has been narrated to you, and do not take on exertion that you have not
been told to exert yourself in, for on you is to follow, and be cautious of the doubtful, for it
gives birth to trials.

!Do Not Try to Stand-in for the Divine Imamasws


[ ] 44418 ( ) : ! .
!H 33328 And from himasws, said to Kumeyl Ibn Ziyaad in a will to him: O Kumeyl
Neither take except from usasws nor (try to) become one of usasws.
[ ] 44412 ( )
( ) : :
: :




( ) :
( )
.
.
H 33329 And from Abu Al Hassan Musa Bin Jafarasws in a conversation with Abu Yusuf in a sitting of Al
Rasheed says:

Al-Rasheed, after a lengthy speech, said to Musa Bin Jafar asws: By the right of yourasws
forefathersasws, give us a summary so that we may experience by it.

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Heasws said: Yes, Give measws a pen and paper. Heasws wrote: In the Name of Allah the
Beneficent the Merciful. The total Orders of all religions are four Orders in which there
is no dispute, and they (people) form a consensus by necessity, and the Ahadith are all
with them, which put an end to all doubts, and are a resource for all deductions; and the
Orders which bear doubt and denial, the way is to get the interpretation from its (Ahl)
people for its complex proofs from the Book of Allah azwj. And the total of the Sunnah in
which there is no dispute, or analogy which is acceptable to the intellect, and the special
ones and the generality of the community do not have the audacity to deny it, and these
two are the orders from the Orders of Tauheed and below it, and of scratching and above
it.
And this is the way in which the Religion is presented to them by which evidence is
established for you, and that which is hidden from you will be refuted by you. And to the
one to whom one of these three comes up, and this is conclusive proof, which is
between Allahazwj and Hisazwj Prophetsaww, and is in Hisazwj Speech to Hisazwj Prophetsaww
"Say: Then Allahs is the conclusive argument; so if He please, He would
certainly guide you all" 6:149 If this conclusive proof is told to an ignorant, he also
understands it despite his ignorance just like the knowledgeable one understands it by
his knowledge, because Allahazwj is Just and is not Compulsive, that Heazwj should Give
to Hisazwj creatures the proofs that they cannot comprehend, and Call them to that which
they cannot understand, that they should deny it due to their ignorance. He asws handed
over the response to Al Rasheed.
: ] ( ) 44440 [
: : ( )
.
H 33330 Ali Bin Musa Bin Jafar Bin Tawoos in the book Al Ajazaat, said: It has been related from the
book of Al Sheykh Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Ibn Sinan who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: There is no harm for you in what you have heard from measws
that you should relate it as being from myasws fatherasws, and it is no sin for you in that
which you have heard from myasws fatherasws that you should relate it as being from
measws. There is no sin for you in you in this either.
: ) ( : : ] 44442 [
( :
. )
H 33331 And it has been related from the book of Hafs Bin Al Bakhtary who said to Abu Abd Allahasws:
We hear Hadith from youasws, and we do not know whether we have heard it from
youasws or yourasws fatherasws. Heasws said: What you have heard from me asws you can
narrated it as being from myasws fatherasws, and that which you have heard from me asws
you can narrate it as being from the Rasool Allah saww.
( ) : ] 44441 [
:
: : ) (
.
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H 33332 And it has been narrated by it chain leading to Abu Jafar Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Babuwayh
in his book which is called Madinat Ul Ilm, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Ahmad
Bin Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, and Alaan, from Khalaf Bin Hamaad, from Ibn Al Mukhtar or another one,
says:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws: I hear the Hadith from youasws, but I cannot relate it as I have
heard it. Heasws said: If you adhere to its meaning, there is no problem. It is like saying,
Come here, and Be over here, and Sit down, and Be seated.
] ( ) 44444 [
: ) (
H 33333 Muhammad Bin Idrees in Al Saraair at the end has copied from the book of
Abu Abd Allah Al Sayyari, from one of our companions, with a chain leading up to Abu
Abd Allahasws, said: If you hold on to the meaning of ourasws Hadith, you can express it as
you like.

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Chapter Seven: Differences in Ahadith are Due to


Taqeeya

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Choose An Arbitrator who has more Knowledge of Ahadith:


] 44441 [
( ) :
:

:

H 33334 Muhammad Bin Yaqoub from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al
Husayn, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Safwan Bin Yahya, from Dawood Bin Al Husayn, from
Umar Bin Hanzala says:

I asked Abu Abd Allahasws about two men from our companions who have a
dispute about religion or heritage (inheritance), give us a verdict until he
said If each one of them chooses from our companions to represent his
rights and they differ in their judgements, and they all dispute about your asws
Hadith?
Heasws said: The judicial decision will be by the one who has more
understanding and is more truthful in the Ahadith and their narrations, and do
not pay attention to the decision of the other.
: : : :

:
:
:

: : :
: :
.
The narrator said, I said to himasws: Both of them are regarded as just
amongst our companions, there is no distinction of one over the other. He asws
said: Look at which of their narrations that they have used in making the
decision that they have agreed upon, so take by that and ignore the one
which is not well known among your companions, for the one which is known
by all, there is no doubt about that until he asked: If the Hadith used by
them are all well known, then what? Heasws said: Look, at what is in
accordance with the Book and the Sunnah and is opposite to what the
generality of the Muslims do, take by that, and ignore what is against the
Order of the Book and the Sunnah.
I said, May I be yourasws sacrifice! I see both of them to be men of
understanding who understand the Order from the Book and the Sunnah, and
we find one of the two Hadith to be in accordance with the generality of the
Muslims, and the other one to be in opposition to them, which one of these
Hadith shall we take by? Heasws said: That, which is against the generality of
the Muslims for there will be guidance therein. I said, May I be yourasws
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sacrifice, what if both the Ahadith are in accordance with the generality of the
Muslims? Heasws said: Look to what their governors and judges are deciding
by the most, ignore these and take to the others.
I said. What if their governors make use of both these Hadith equally? He asws
said: If that were to be the case, wait until you meet your Imam asws for staying
away in doubtful matters is better than indulging in destruction.

Ahadith Specific to those who had to Observe Taqeeya:


] 44445 [
! : : ) (
: : :
H 33335 And from Ali Bin Muhammad, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Ibn Mahboub, from Ali
Bin Raib, who narrates from Abu Ubeydat:

Abu Jafarasws said: O Ziyad! What do you say about a man that we issue a
verdict to about a matter on the basis of Taqqiya (dissimulation)? I said,
Youasws know better, may I be yourasws sacrifice! Heasws said: If he were to act
in accordance with that it will be better for him and (will receive) a significant
Reward.
. : :
In another narration, heasws said: If he acts by it there is Reward for him, and if
he were to avoid it - by Allahazwj it is a sin.
] 44446 [
: ( ) :
.
H 33336 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from
Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Nasr Khasamy who said:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: One who understands that weasws do not say
anything but the truth, he should be satisfied with what he learns from us asws.
If he hears something that is against what he knows, he should know that it is
ourasws defence for him.
] 44445 [
: : ) (
: ) (
.
H 33337 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from
Usman Ibn Isa, from Abu Ayyub Al Kharraz, from Muhammad Bin Muslim who says:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws what is it that the people are narrating from so and
so from the Messenger of Allahsaww and we cannot accuse them of lying, and
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that which is from youasws is against that? Heasws said: The Ahadith get
abrogated like the Quran gets abrogated.

One Must Wait until he Finds the Authentic Hadith:


] 44448 [
: ) (
:
.
H 33338 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Usman Bin Isa, and Al Hassan
Bin Mahboub altogether having heard:

When it was asked from Abu Abd Allahasws about the man, for whom there is a
dispute about the differing orders of two men of his religion, both of them
narrate to him, one of them orders him to do something and the other one
forbids him, how does he act? Heasws said: He should abstain until such time
as he meets someone who gives him the Hadith. He should wait until he
meets him.

One Must Act on a Hadith which is Closer to his Time:


] 44410 [
: ) (
: :
H 33340 And from him, from his father, from Usman Bin Isa, from Al Husayn Bin Al
Mukhtar, from one of our companions, who have narrated the following from Abu Abd
asws
Allah :

If Iasws were to give you a Hadith and a year later you come to me and I asws
give to you a Hadith different to that previous one, which one of these will you
act by? I said, The latter one. Heasws said to me: May Allahazwj have Mercy
on you.
] 44412 [
: : ) ( :
: ) ( :
.
H 33341 And from him, from his father, from Ismail Bin Maraar, from Yunus, from Dawood
Bin Farqad, from Al Moala Bin Khunays who says:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, A Hadith comes to us from the former one of
youasws and a Hadith comes from the later one of you asws, which one shall we
take? Heasws said: Take it until such times as one Hadith comes to you from a
living oneasws. When you are told something by a living one asws grab hisasws
speech.

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Then Abu Abd Allahasws said: Iasws by Allahazwj! do not place you in what is
beyond your capacity.
. : : ] 44411 [
H 33342 Kulayni said, And in another Hadith it is "Take by the (new)
Hadith".

Differences in Ahadith to be Verified by the Quran and Other


Ahadith:
( : ] ( ) 44480 [
. ) ( : )
H 33380 Muhammad Bin Masud Al Ayyashi in his commentary (Tafseer) from Sudeyr
said that Abu Abd Allah

asws

said:

Do not ratify to usasws anything except for that which is in agreement with the
Book of Allahazwj and the Sunnah of Hisazwj Prophetsaww.
: ) ( ] 44414 [
: ) (
.
H 33343 And from him, from his father, from Al Nawfaly, from Al Sakuny who says:
Abu Abd Allahasws said: The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Surely on every
truth there is reality, and on every correct thing there is a light. Whatever is in
agreement with the Book of Allahazwj take hold of it, and that which is against
the Book of Allahazwj, leave it.
] 44411 [
: :
: ( )
) (
.
H 33344 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Abdullah Bin Muhammad, from Ali Ibn Al
Hakam, from Aban Bin Usman, from Abdullah Bin Abu Yafour who said that it was narrated to
him from Al Husayn Bin Abu Al Ala, who was present with Ibn Abu Yafour in this gathering,
says:

I asked Abu Abd Allahasws about the differences in Hadith, narrated from one
whom we trust and from those whom we do not trust. He asws said: If a Hadith
is referred to you and you find a witness for it from the Book of Allah azwj or
from the statements of the Messenger of Allah saww, then its authentic,
otherwise give it back to the one who brought it.
] 44415 [
. : ) (
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H 33345 And from him, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Fazaal, from Ali Bin
Uqba, from Ayyub Bin Rashid who narrates:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Any Hadith which is not in accordance with the Quran
is invalid.
] 44416 [
: ) (
. : .
H 33346 And from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Isa Bin Ubeyd, from Yunus Bin
Abd Al Rahmaan, from Abu Jafar Al-Howl says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: The people have no option but to ask us asws, and
ponder, and recognise their Imamasws, and it for them to act in accordance
with what heasws says, although it may have been due to dissimulation.
] 44415 [
: ( ) :
.
H 33347 And from a number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid,
from his father, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Yahya Al Halby, from Ayyub Bin Al Har who
says:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: All things are referred to the Book and the
Sunnah, and every Hadith that is not in accordance with the Book of Allah azwj
is invalid.
] 44418 [
! : ( ) : ) (
.
H 33348 And from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Al Fazl Bin Shazaan, from Ibn Abu
Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: In a sermon, the Messenger of Allahsaww at Mina, said:
O people! Whatever comes to you, which is in accordance with the Book of
Allahazwj, Isaww have said it. But that which comes to you in opposition to the
Book of Allahazwj, Isaww have not said it.
) ( : ] 44412 [
. ( ) :
H 33349 And by this chain from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from one of his companions has said:
I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: One who is against the Book of Allah azwj and
the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allahsaww has disbelieved.
] 44450 [
! : ) ( :
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: :
.
H 33350 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al
Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Hisham Bin Saalim, from Abu Umeyr and Al Kanany who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said to me: O Abu Amro! What would you think if I asws were
to narrate to you a Hadith or issue a verdict, then you come back to me
afterwards and ask measws about it, Iasws inform you the opposite of what Iasws
had informed you of before, or issue a verdict opposite to what I asws had
issued before, which one of these two would you adhere to?
I said: The Hadith that you have just given me and leave the other one.
Heasws said: You are right O Abu Amro! Allahazwj does not Accept but if you
worship in secret. By Allahazwj! If you were to act like that it would be better for
measws and for all of you. Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic does not Accept from
usasws in Hisazwj Religion except by dissimulation.
( ] 44452 [
: )
.
H 33351 And from him, from Ahmad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Abdullah Bin Bakeer,
from a man who says:

Abu Jafarasws in a Hadith said: If there comes to you from usasws a Hadith,
you find a witness for it or two witnesses from the Book of Allah azwj, take by it
otherwise stand still, then return it back to usasws, until its clarification comes to
you.
( ) ] 44454 [

:
.
H 33353 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al-Husayn by his chain from Dawood Bin Al Hasayn, who
says:

Abu Abd Allahasws regarding two people who agree on the appointment of two
just persons who issue decisions which are different, and they are happy with
the fairness of the two judges, which of the two decisions have to be
implemented? Heasws said: Look at their understanding and knowledge of
ourasws Ahadith and whoever is better, implement his decision and do not pay
attention to the other one.
] ( ) 44451 [
( )
(
: ) ( )
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( )
( :
) ( )
H 33354 And in Uyoon Al-Akhbaar from his father, and Muhammad Bin Al-Hassan Bin
Ahmad Bin Al Waleed altogether, from Sad Bin Abdullah. From Muhammad Bin Abdullah AlMasmaie, from Ahmad Bin Al-Hassan Al-Maysami who says:

I asked Al-Rezaasws on a day in which there was a gathering with him asws of
hisasws companions, and they were discussing about two different Hadith on
the same issue from the Messenger of Allahsaww.
Heasws said: Allahazwj has Prohibited the prohibitions, and Permitted the
permissibles, and Obligated the obligations. What has come in the
permissibility of what has been Prohibited by Allah azwj, or in the prohibition of
what has been made Permissible by Allah azwj, or in refutation of an obligation
in the Book of Allahazwj, then is it clearly an abrogation of that which has been
abrogated.
That does not give anyone the leeway to act by it, because the Messenger of
Allahsaww did not come to prohibit that which was made Permissible by
Allahazwj nor to permit that which was Prohibited by Allah azwj, nor to alter what
Allahazwj had Obligated or Hisazwj Orders. In that hesaww submissively followed
what Allahazwj has Called to, and that is in the Words of Allah azwj "I do not
follow aught save that which is revealed to me" 6:50 Hesaww was a follower
of Allahazwj, called to the Orders from Allahazwj in the propagation of the
Message.
( ) :
( ) :

( )
( )
( ( )
) ( )
( ) ) (

I said: If a Hadith comes from youasws regarding a matter from the Messenger
of Allahsaww for which nothing can be found in the Book, and this now
becomes the Sunnah, then a different one (Hadith) gets referred to us. He asws
said: In this way the Messenger of Allahsaww stopped you from something
which was prohibited in those Prohibitions of Allahazwj, and gave the order for
something from all the orders and they became the necessary like the
Obligations from Allahazwj. In that order was the Order of Allahazwj.
So, when a prohibition came from the Messenger of Allahsaww and then
something different comes up it should not be brought into use, and similarly
is the case of what hesaww ordered, for weasws do not give leeway in a matter in
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which the Messenger of Allahsaww has not given leeway nor do weasws issue
any orders which are different from the orders given by the Messenger of
Allahsaww, or prohibit that which was permitted by the Messenger of Allah saww.
This will never be the case, ever, for we asws are the followers of the
Messenger of Allahsaww, submitting to himsaww, just like the Messenger of
Allahsaww is a follower of the Orders of hissaww Lordazwj, submitting to Himazwj.
( ) :

( )


) (
( )
And Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic Says "and whatever the Messenger gives
you, accept it, and from whatever he forbids you, keep back" 59:7
Surely, Allahazwj has Stopped us from certain things but they are not
Prohibitions but rather it is disliked and abhorrent, and Ordered to do
something does not mean that it is an obligation but it could be a preferable
act and getting you to concentrate in the Religion, then leeway has been
given for the healthy and the non-healthy ones. That which came from the
Messenger of Allahsaww as prohibition based on abhorrence or an order based
on preference, those are the ones in which width has been allowed in its
usage. If a Hadith from usasws gets referred to you which coincides with that,
and it has been narrated from the one who has also narrated the prohibition,
and has not denied it, and both these Hadith were to be correct and well
known and coincide as such and have been copied down, it is obligatory upon
you to take to one of them, or both of them together, or any one of them that
you like. The leeway that has been afforded to you in this regard is from the
door of submission to the Messenger of Allah saww, and to refer the matters to
himsaww and to usasws, and the avoidance of that is from the door of enmity and
denial and the avoidance of submission to the Messenger of Allah saww, is a
polytheist by Allahazwj the Magnificent.

) (
( )
( )
( )
(
)
.
When two Ahadith get referred to you which are different, present both of
them to the Book of Allahazwj. If you were to find in the Book of Allah azwj the
Permissibility of it, or a Prohibition for it, follow that which is in agreement with
the Book, and if there is nothing in the Book, present it to the Sunnah of the
Messenger of Allahsaww. If there is present in it the prohibition, then it is
forbidden, and if there is an order for it from the Messenger of Allah saww, it is
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necessary for you to follow that which is in agreement with the prohibition of
the Messenger of Allahsaww and hissaww orders. And if the prohibition in the
Sunnah is based on abhorrence, then comes a Hadith which is different from
it, that is where leeway has been given by the Messenger of Allah saww, for he
has disliked it but it is not a prohibition.
That is where width has been allowed to take from all of them that which you
like from the door of submission and following and the referring matters to the
Messenger of Allahsaww. And if you were not to find anything from these
perspectives, return the matter back to usasws the knowledge of it for weasws
are the first ones to deal with that, and do not give your opinions on these
matters, and it is on you to keep away, and remain steadfast and abstention,
and you are only seekers who carry out research until clarification comes to
you from usasws.

Ahadith should be Treated the Same Way as Verses of the


Quran:
( ] 44455 [
: ) ( : )

.
H 33355 And from his father, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Abu Hayoun who
says:

Al-Rezaasws, said: One who refers the allegorical of the Quran to its decisive
will be guided to the Straight Path. Then said: Surely in our asws Ahadith there
are decisive ones like the decisive ones of the Quran, and there are
allegorical ones like the allegorical ones of the Quran. Refer the allegorical
ones to the decisive ones, and do not follow the allegorical ones without the
decisive ones, or you will go astray.

Others Actions are always Contrary to Ahadith of


Masomeenasws:
] 44456 [

: ) ( :
: :
.
H 33356 And from Bin Ahmad Al Barqy, and Muhammad Bin Musa Al Barqy, and
Muhammad Bin Ali Majaylawiya, and Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Hisham, and Ali Bin Isa Al
Majaawar altogether, from Ali Bin Muhammad Majaylawiya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin
Khalid, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Sayyari, from Ali Bin Isbaat who says:

I said to Al-Rezaasws, I come across an issue which I do not understand, and


there is no one in the city from those that love you asws that I can benefit from.
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Ahadith of Infallibles on 'Taqleed and Ijtihad'

Heasws said: Go to the Faqih of the city who would issue a Fatwa on this
matter, then act opposite to it, for the truth is in this.

Why One Needs to Act Contrary to the Traditions of Others:


( : ] 44455 [
( ) : : : )
(
. )
H 33357 And from his father, from Ahmad Bin Idrees, from Abu Ishaq Arjany in a chain
going up to Abu Abd Allah

asws

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Do you know why you have been ordered to act
against what the generality of the Muslims say? I said, I do not know.
Heasws said: Surely Aliasws did not present the Religion of Allahazwj but that the
generality of the Muslims referred to others intending to invalidate his asws
orders. And they used to ask the Amir-ul-Momineenasws about a matter which
they did not know about, heasws used to issue a verdict to them, they used to
give the opposite of that to the people.
] ( ) 44458 [
: ) (
.
H 33358 And in the book Sifaat Al Shia from his father, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his
father, from Ali Bin Mabad, from Al Husayn Bin Khalid who narrates the following:

Al-Rezaasws said: Ourasws Shiites are submitters to ourasws orders, and they
take to ourasws statements, are in opposition to ourasws enemies. The ones who
are not like that are not from amongst usasws.

A True Shia Should only Follows the Ahadith:


) ( ] 44452 [
: ) ( :
.
H 33359 And from Muhammad Bin Ali Majalaywayh, from his uncle, from Muhammad Ibn
Abu Al Qasim, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Al-Mufazzal Ibn Umar who says:

Al-Sadiqasws said: He has lied, who claims that he is from ourasws Shiites, but
he holds on to someone elses hand.
] ( ) 44460 [

: ( ) :
.

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H 33360 An in Maani Al-Akhbaar from his father, and Muhammad Bin Al Hassan
altogether, from Sad, and Al-Humeyri, and Ahmad Bin Idrees, and Muhammad Bin Yahya all
of them, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid, from Ali Bin Hisan, been mentioned from
Dawood Bin Farqd who says:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: You all are understanding people who
understand the meaning of ourasws words. Surely, the words can be used in
different perspectives. If a man wants he can use his words as he likes and he
will not be lying.
] ( ) 44461 [


: ) ( :

.
H 33362 Saeed Bin Habtullah Al Rawandy in his letter which he has written the conditions
of the Hadith of our companions and established their strength, from Muhammad, and Ali Bin
Abdul Samad, from their fathers, from Abu Al-Barkat Ali Bin Al Husayn, from Abu Jafar Ibn
Babuwayh, from his father, from Sad Bin Abdullah, from Ayoub Bin Nuh, from Muhammad Ibn
Abu Umeyr, from Abdul Rahman Bin Abu Abd Allah who says:

Al-Sadiqasws said: If two differing Ahadith get referred to you then present both
of them to the Book of Allahazwj. If they are in agreement with the Book of
Allahazwj, take them, and if they are against the Book of Allah azwj leave them. If
you do not find about them in the Book of Allahazwj, present them both to the
Ahadith of the generality of the Muslims, whatever is in agreement with what
they transmit leave it, and whatever goes against their narrations, take it.
] 44464 [
: ) ( :
.
H 33363 And by it chain from Ibn Babuway, from Muhammad Bin Al Hasan, from Al
Saffar, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from a man, from Yunus Bin Abdul Al Rahman,
from Al Hassan Bin Al-Sarry who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: If two differing Ahadith get referred to you, take the
one that goes against the people.
] 44461 [
:) ( :
( ) : :
. :
H 33364 And from him, from Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Mutawakal, from Al Sad
Iabaadi, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abd Allah, from Ibn Fazaal, from Al Hassan Bin Al Jaham who
says:

I said to Abd Al-Salehasws, Is there any option for us in the matters that get
referred to us from youasws except to submit to youasws? Heasws said: No, by
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Allahazwj! You have no option except for submitting to usasws. I said, A


narration comes from Abu Abd Allahasws about something, and a narration
comes from youasws different to that, which of these two shall we take?
Heasws said: Take that which is against the people, and the one which is in
agreement with the people, stay away from it.
] 44465 [
: ) (
.
H 33365 And from him, from his father, from Sad, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn
Abu Umeyr, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza, from Abu Baseer who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: You do not, by Allahazwj, follow anything that they are
on, and neither are they on anything that you are on. Oppose them, for they
are not on anything correct.

Disassociate from those who do not Disassociate from


theirasws Enemies:
] 44466 [
: ) (
.
H 33366 And from him, from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Al Saffar, from Ahmad Ibn
Muhammad, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Dawood Bin Al Husayn, mentioned:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: By Allahazwj! Allahazwj has not Kept any good for
anyone in following other than usasws, and the one who is in agreement with
usasws, has opposed ourasws enemies, but the one who is in agreement with
ourasws enemies either in speech, or action, is not from us asws, nor are weasws
from them.
] 44465 [
: : ) ( :
.
H 33367 And from him, from Muhammad Bin Musa Bin Al Mutawakkal, from Al Sad
Iabady, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abd Allah, from his father who says:

Muhammad Bin Abd Allah said to Al-Rezaasws, What shall we do with two
differing Ahadith? Heasws said: If two differing Ahadith get referred to you, look
at which one is against the generality of the Muslims, take it, and look at what
is in agreement with their Ahadith, leave it.

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One Must Hold Back in Confusing Matters:


] 44468 [
: ) (
.
H 33368 And from him, from his father, from Sad Bin Abdullah, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed,
from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Jameel Bin Daraaj who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Holding back in confusing matters is better than falling
into destruction. For every truth there is a reality, and on all correctness there
is a light. Whatsoever is in agreement with the Book of Allah azwj, take it, and
whatsoever is against the Book of Allahazwj, leave it.
] ( ) ( 44462 [
) ( )
: ) (
.
H 33369 Muhammad Bin Idrees at the end of his letter, has copied from the book
Masaael Al-Rijaal to Ali Bin Muhammad

asws

Muhammad Bin Isa had written to him asws asking, About the knowledge that
gets copied over to us from your forefathersasws, there are differences for us
therein, how shall we act upon those if there are differences? Or shall we
return them to youasws when there are differences in them?
Imamasws wrote back: When you come to know that it is our asws statement it
necessitates you to act by that, and that which you do not know, return them
back to usasws.
] ( ) 44450 [

: ( )

.
H 33370 Al-Hassan Bin Muhammad Al Tawoos in Al Amaaly from his father, from Al
Mufeed, from Jafar Bin Muhammad, from Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from
Muhammad Bin Isa, from Yunus, from Amro Bin Shimr, from Jabir who narrates:

Abu Jafarasws in a Hadith said: Look for ourasws orders that come to you
from usasws. If you find it to be in agreement with the Quran, take by it, and if
you do not find for those in accordance, leave it, and in orders which you find
to be confusing, abstain and refer them back to usasws, until an explanation
comes to you regarding that from usasws.
] ( ) ( ) 44452 [
:
( :
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)
.
H 33371 Muhammad Bin Al-Husayn Al Razi in Nahj Ul-Balagah who
narrates from Amir-ul-Momineenasws in hisasws letter to Maalik Al-Ashtar said:
And refer to Allahazwj and Hisazwj Messengersaww what you find to be difficult,
and the confusion that may arise in your affairs. For the people that Allahazwj
Loves to Guide, has Said "O you who believe! obey Allah and obey the
Messenger and those in authority from among you; then if you quarrel
about anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger" 4:59 Referring
matters to Allahazwj is to take to the Decisive Verses in Hisazwj Book, and
referring matters to the Messengersaww is to take to all of hissaww Sunnah in
which there are no differences.

One Can Act on either of the AHadith:


] ( ) 44451 [
: ) ( ) (
: : : :

.
H 33372 Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Abu Talib Al Tabarsee in Al-Ihtijaj in the reply to
the letter of Muhammad Bin Abdullah Bin Jafar Al Humeyri to the Imam-eZamanajfj to the extent that heasws said: In the reply to that are two Hadith.
One of them is that if the situation changes to the other state then you have to
recite Takbeer, and as for the other one that has been narrated is that when
he lifts his head from the second prostration and recites Takbeer, then sits,
then stands, then there is no Takbeer to be recited on standing up after having
sat, and similarly will be the case for the first Tashahhud (Bearing of
testimonies), and whichever of these two that you take to from the perspective
of submission would be correct.
: : ) ( ] 44454 [
:
: :
.
H 33373 And from Al-Hassan Bin Al Jaham, from Al-Rezaasws said, when it
was said to himasws, The Hadith from youasws are differing, heasws said: What
comes to you from usasws, compare it to the Book of Allahazwj and ourasws
(other) Hadith.
If they are similar, then they are from usasws, and if they are not similar, then
they are not from usasws. I said, There come to us two men and both of
them are reliable with two Ahadith which differ, and we do not know which
one of them is on the just. Heasws said: If you do not know then you have
been given the flexibility to take to whichever of them.

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: ) ( ] 44451 [
. ) (
H 33374 And from Al Haaris Bin Al Mugheera, from Abu Abd Allahasws, said:
If you hear the Hadith from your companions, and all of them are reliable,
then you have the flexibility until you see Al Qaaimajfj, then refer it to himajfj.
: : ) ( ] 44455 [
( : :
. : )
H 33375 And from Samaat Bin Mehran, from Abu Abd Allah asws when it was
said to himasws, Two Hadith get referred to us, one of them orders us for
something, and the other one prohibits us.
Heasws said: Do not act upon any one of them until you meet your Master asws,
ask himasws. I said, If it is necessary to act upon one of them? Heasws said:
Take to the one which is against the generality of the Muslims.
: ( ) : ] 44456 [
.
H 33376 It has been narrated from himasws: If differences come up in ourasws
Ahadith, take to the ones which are more known to our asws Shiites, for there
will be no doubt on those.
] 44455 [
: ) ( :
: : ( )
. : ) (
H 33377 Muhammad Bin Al-Hassan by his chain from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from AlAbbas Bin Marouf, from Ali Bin Mahziyar who says:

I have seen in the letter of Abd Allah Bin Muhammad to Abu Al-Hassanasws,
There are differences among our companions in the narration from Abu Abd
Allahasws regarding the cycles of the morning Prayer during travel. Some have
narrated that they should be Prayed in the loader (on top of the camel), and
some of them have narrated that they should not be Prayed except on the
earth. Heasws replied: You have the flexibility of acting upon whichever.
] 44458 [
: ) (
: :
. :
H 33378 And by its chain from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Mahboub, from Muhammad Bin Al
Husayn, from Zabyan Bin Hakeem, from Musa Bin Akeel says:

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Abu Abd Allahasws said that heasws was asked about a man and his brother
who disputed in the matter of inheritance rights. They agreed to appoint two
men to decide the matter, but they differed in their decision. Heasws asked:
How did they differ? I said, They differed on the basis of the leeway given in
the narrations. Heasws said: Look at the one who is more just and has more
understanding of the Religion of Allahazwj, and go ahead with that ruling.
] 44452 [
: ) (
.
H 33379 A by his chain from Al Hassan Bin Muhammad Bin who heard from Al Hassan
Ibn Ayyub from Ibn Bakeer, from Ubeyd Bin Zarara who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: What you heard from measws anything which was
similar to what the people say, then it was due to Taqqiya (dissimulation), and
what you heard from measws which was not similar to what the people say,
there was no Taqqiya in it.

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Chapter Eight: Virtues of a Ahadith Narrator

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Virtues of a Ahadith Narrator:


] 44125 [
) ( : : : ) ( :
.
H 33417 And from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Ahmad Bin Ishaq, from Sad Bin
Muslim, from Maalwiya Bin Amar who says:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws: (What about) a man who narrates yourasws
Ahadith? until heasws said: The narrator of ourasws Ahadith by which the
hearts of ourasws Shites get strengthened is preferable to a thousand
worshippers.
] 44128 [
. : ( ) :
H 33418 And from Muhammad Bin Al Hassan, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Ibn Sinan, from
Muhammad Bin Marwaan, from Ali Bin Hanzala who says:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Recognise the status of the people in
accordance with the frequency with which they narrate from usasws.
] 44116 [
: ) ( :
:
.
H 33246 Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Ahmad Bin
Ishaq, from Sadan Bin Muslim, from Muawiya Bin Amaarwho has narrated the following:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, A man narrates yourasws Hadith, revives it among
the people and clears the rust from their hearts and the hearts of your asws
Shites, and there is a worshipper from yourasws Shites who do not have this
narration, which one is better? Heasws said: The narrator of ourasws Hadith
who clears the rust from the hearts of ourasws Shites is higher than a thousand
worshippers.
] 44115 [
: ) (


.
H 33247 And from Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from
Muhammad Bin Khalid, from Abu Al Bakhtary who has narrated the following:

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Abu Abd Allahasws said: Surely, the scholarsasws are the inheritors of the
Prophetsasws, and that the Prophetsasws do not leave the inheritance of
Dirhams nor the Dinars, and they leave behind theirasws Hadith from among
their Ahadith. Whoever takes anything from these has taken a colossal
measure. Look at your knowledge and see where you have taken it from.
From among our posterity the People of the Household, there is a just person,
who denies the alterations of the exaggerators, uncovers the impersonations
of the wrongdoers, and the interpretations of the ignorant.
: ] 44118 [
: ) (
. ) (
H 33248 And from him, from Ahmad, from Abdullah Bin Muhammad Al-Hijaal, from some
of his companions, from a chain going up to the Rasool Allah

saww

said:

Prophetsaww said: Remind each other, and meet with each other, and narrate
Hadith to each other, for the Hadith revives the heart. Surely the hearts rusts
away like the rusting of the swords.
] 44112 [
: ) (
.
H 33249 And from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Moala Bin Muhammad, from Al
Hassan Bin Ali Al Washa, from Ahmad Bin Aiz, from Abu Khadija who has narrated the
following:

Abu Abd Allahasws, said: One who intends from the Ahadith the profit of the
world, there is no good for him in the Hereafter, and one who intends by it the
good of the Hereafter, Allahazwj will Grant him good of the world and the
Hereafter.
] 44150 [
. : ( )
H 33250 And from him, from Moala, from Muhammad Bin Jamhoor, from Abdul Rahma
Bin Abu Najran who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: One who memorises from ourasws Ahadith, forty
Ahadith, Allahazwj will Send him, on the Day of Judgement, as a scholar of
understanding (Faqih).

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] ( ) 44152 [

: ) (

.
H 33251 And it has been related by Al-Sadouq in Al-Amaali from his father, from Sad Bin
Abdullah, from Ahmad Bin Al Husayn Bin Saeed. From Muhammad Bin Jamhoor Al Ami,
from Abdul Rahman Bin Abu Najran from Aasim Bin Hameed, from Muhammad Bin Muslim
who has narrated the following:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: If any one from among ourasws Shites memorises forty
Ahadith, Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic will Send him on the Day of Judgement
as a scholar of understanding, and will not Punish him.

Shias are Asked to Consult the Narrators of Ahadith:


] 44122 [
( ) : : ) (
:
.
H 33419 And from Muhammad Bin Abdullah Al Humeyri, and Muhammad Bin Yahya
together, from Abdullah Jafar Al Mumeyri, from Ahmad Bin Ishaq, from Abu Al-Hassan

asws

I asked himasws, On what should we act and from whom should we take? And
whose speech shall we accept? Heasws said: Al-Humeyri is reliable. Whatever
he calls to you from measws is what Iasws have called, and what he says to you
from measws is what Iasws have said. Listen to him and obey him, for he is
reliable and trustworthy.
: ( ) :
. .
He said, I asked Abu Muhammadasws similar to that, heasws said: Al-Humeyri
and his son are both reliable. What they call to you from me asws is what Iasws
have called to, and what they say to you is what I asws have said to them both.
Listen to them both, for they are both reliable and trustworthy.
: :
.) ( .
And in this is what Al-Humeyri was asked regarding an issue, he said: It is
forbidden for you to ask me about that, and I do not say that this is from me. It
is not for me to permit or forbid, but it is from himasws.
] 44110 [
: ( ) :
:
. : ) ( :
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H 33420 And from Ali Bin IBrahim, from his father, from Abu Umeyr, from Umar Bin
Azinat, from Ismail Bin Al Fazl al Hashamy who says:

I asked Abu Abd Allahasws about Mutaah151, heasws said: Meet Abdul Malik Bin
Jareeh, ask him about that, for he has with him knowledge which is from
measws. I met him, and he gave me many things for its permissibility, and from
what was narrated to me from Ibn Jareed was that there is no restriction of
time or number until he said, I took it to Abu Abd Allahasws, heasws said: This
is true, and agreed with it.

Shias Should take their Disputes to the Narrators of Ahadith:


] 44112 [
: : ( ) :


.
H 33421 Muhammad Bin Al Hassan by his chain from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Mahboub,
from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Abu Al Jahm, from Abu Khadija
who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws sent me to our companions saying: Say to them Beware!
If there comes upon you a time of dispute or a difference in commercial
transactions, do not take the matter to any one of those mischievous ones.
Appoint between yourselves a man who understands what weasws have
permitted and what weasws have forbidden, for Iasws have made that person to
be a judge towards you, and beware of taking your arguments to an unjust
governor.

The Inheritors of Prophetsaww are the Masomeenasws:


: ) ( : ) ( : ] 44111 [
: :
.
H 33422 Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al-Husaynasws said that Aliasws said:
The Messenger of Allahsaww said: Ourasws Allahazwj! Have Mercy on mysaww
Caliphs three times. It was said to himsaww, O Messenger of Allahsaww, and
who are yoursaww caliphs? Hesaww said: Those that will come after mesaww,
narrate mysaww Ahadith and mysaww way (Sunnah).
: ( ) : ] 44114 [
.
H 33423 And by his chain from Aban Bin Usman that Abu Abd Allah asws said
to him: Surely Aban Bin Taghlub has narrated from measws numerous
151

Temporary marriage contract

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narrations. Whatever that he has narrated to you from me asws, you can narrate
it as being from measws.
] ( ) 44111 [
:
: ) (
:
.
H 33424 And in the book Ikmaal Al Deen Wa Itmam Al Nema, from Muhammad Bin
Muhammad Bin Aasim, from Muhammad Bin Yaqoub, from Ishaq Bin Yaqoub who said that
he asked Muhammad Bin Usman Al Amary to take his writing, in which I had asked about
those problems in which were difficult for me.

A letter came back in the writing of our Imam-e-Zaman (Master of the


Timeasws: Anyhow, as for what you have asked about, may Allahazwj keep you
steadfast until heasws said: And as for the newly occurring events, refer to
those who are the narrators of ourasws Ahadith, for they are myasws proof to
you, and Iasws am the Proof of Allahazwj, and as for Muhammad Bin Usman AlAmaryra, and from his father before him, they are both reliable, and their
writing is myasws writing.
] ( ) ( ) 44115 [

( : : ) (
: : : : )
( :
) ) (

.
H 33425 And in Maani Al Akhbaar and in Al Illal from Ali Bin Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Bin
Umran Al Daqaaq, from Abu Al Husayn Muhammad Bin Ja;far Al Asady, from Saleh Bin Abu
Hamaad, from Ahmad Bin Hilal, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Ab Al Momin Al Ansary who says:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, Surely the people are narrating from the
Messenger of Allahsaww that hesaww said: Differences in mysaww community is a
Mercy.
Heasws said: This is true. I said, If their differences is a Mercy, then is their
consensus a Punishment? Heasws said: This is not as you deem it to be.
Surely, hissaww intention was the Words of Allahazwj Mighty and Majestic And it
does not beseem the believers that they should go forth all together;
why should not then a company from every party from among them go
forth that they may apply themselves to obtain understanding in
religion, and that they may warn their people when they come back to
them that they may be cautious? 9:122
They have been ordered to go as a group to the Messenger of Allah saww, learn
from himsaww, then return to their own people and teach them. He saww has
intended the differences within their cities, not differences in the Religion of
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Allahsaww. Surely the Religion of Allahsaww is one, surely the Religion of


Allahsaww is one.

Virtues of those who Revive Ahadith:


] ( ) 44116 [
: ( ) :
. . : :
H 33426 And in Maany Al Akhbaar from Abd Al Wahid Bin Muhammad Bin Abdous, from
Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Qutayba, from Hamdaan Bi Suleyman, from Abd Al Salaam Bin Saleh
Al Harwy who says:

I heard Al-Rezaasws say: May Allahazwj have Mercy on the one who revives
ourasws orders. I said: And how does one revive yourasws orders? Heasws said:
He learns ourasws knowledge and teaches it to the people.
] 44115 [
: ( ) :
:
:
.
H 33427 And from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Al Haysam, from Ahmad Bin Yahya, from
Bakr Bin Abdullah, from Tamim Bin Bahlool, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from
Hamza Bin Hamran, said:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: One who eats by his knowledge will remain
poor. I said, Surely in yourasws Shites there is a group who bear yourasws
knowledge, they transmit it to yourasws Shites. They are not deficient in the
taking of goodness and honour? Heasws said: Those are not the ones who are
the eaters. Surely, those are the ones who issue Fatwas (verdicts) without
knowledge and they are not guided from Allah azwj, invalidating by that the
rights, in their greed for the aspirations of the world.

Take Ahadith and Leave out the Opinions:


] () 44118 [
( )
. :
H 33428 Muhammad Bin Al Hassan in the book Al Ghayba from Abu Al Husayn Bin
Tamam, from Abdullah Al Kufy the servant of the Sheykh Al Husayn Bin Rawh from AlHusayn Bin Rawh, from Abu Muhammad narrates:

Al-Hassan Bin Aliasws when asked about the books of Banu Fuzayl, said: Take
what has been narrated therein, and leave their opinions.

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] ( ) 44112 [
: : ( ) :

.
H 33429 Muhammad Bin Umar Al Kashy in the book Al Rijaal from Hamdawiy Ibn Naseer,
from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Jameel Bin Daraaj who says:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Give good news of Paradise to the humble
Bureyd Bin Muawiya Al-Ajaly, and Abu Baseer Lays Bin Al-Bakhtary AlMurady, and Muhammad Bin Muslim, and Zarara safeguarding for Allahazwj
on what Heazwj has Permitted and what Heazwj has Prohibited. Had it not been
for them, the effects of the Prophet-hood had been cut off, and eradicated.
: ) ( : ] 44140 [
. :
H 33430 And by its chain from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Shuayb Al Aqr Kufy who said:
I said to Abu Abd Allahasws: Sometimes we have the need to ask questions
about something. Whom should we ask? Heasws said: To you, is Al-Sady
meaning Abu Baseer.
] 44142 [
: :
. ( )
H 33431 And from Jafar Bin Muhammad Bin Marouf, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn
Ibn Abu Al Khatab, from Jafar Bin Basheer, from Aban Bin Taglub, from Abu Baseer narrates:

Abu Abd Allahasws said to him in a Hadith - : Were it not for Zararah and his
companions, Iasws conjecture that the Ahadith of myasws fatherasws would have
gone away.
] 44141 [
: ( ) :
. ( )
H 33432 And from Hamdawiya Bin Naseer, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn Bin Abu Al
Khataab, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Al Ala Bin Razeen, from Yunus Bin Amaar said:

Abu Abd Allahasws said to me in a Hadith: Anyway, as from what Zarara has
narrated from Abu Jafarasws, there is no permission for your to reject those.
] 44144 [
: : ( ) :
.
H 33433 And from Hamdawiya Bin Naseer, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, from Al Qasim Ibn
Urwa, from Abu Al Abbas Al Fazl Bin Abdul Malik said:

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I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: The most beloved to measws from the people,
whether dead or alive are four Bureyd Bin Muawiya Al Ajali, and Zarara, and
Muhammad Bin Muslim, and Al Hawl, and they are more beloved to me asws
than the people, dead or alive.
] 44141 [
: ( ) :
. :
H 33434 An from Muhammad Bin Qulawayh, from Sad, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn
Bin Abu Al Khataab, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Al Mufazzal Bin Umar narrates:

Abu Abd Allahasws said to Faya Bin Al Mukhtar in a Hadith: If you intend to
have ourasws Ahadith, get in touch with this one sitting here and heasws
gestured towards one of hisasws companions. I asked our companions about
him, they said, Zarara Bin Ayn.
] 44145 [
: ) ( :
. ) (
H 33435 An from Hamdawiya Bin Naseer, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed, and Muhammad Ibn
Al Husayn from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Ibrahim Abdul Hameed, and another one who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: May Allahazwj have Mercy on Zarara Bin Ayn. Were it
not for Zarara and his companions the Ahadith of myasws fatherasws would have
become forgotten.
: ] 44146 [
( ) : ( )

( )
.
H 33436 And from him, from Yaqoub, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hisham Bin Saalim, from
Suleyman Bin Khalid who says:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Iasws have not found any one to have revived
ourasws remembrance, and the Ahadith of myasws father except for Zarara, and
Abu Baseer Lays Al-Murady, and Muhammad Bin Muslim, and Bureyd Bin
Muawiya Al Ajaly, and were it not for them no one would have benefited from
this. They are the safe-guardians of religion, and have secured the
Permissibles and Prohibitions of Allahazwj, and they are the near ones to usasws
in the world, and they are the near ones to usasws in the hereafter.
] 44145 [
: ( ) :
.) ( * :

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H 33437 And from Al Husayn Bin Bandaar, from Sad Bin Abdullah, from Ali Ibn Suleyman
Bin Dawood, from Muhammad Bin Abu Umeyr, from Aban Bin Usman, from Abu Ubeyday Al
Hazaa who says:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Zarara, and Abu Baseer, and Muhammad Bin
Muslim, and Bureyd are from those ones about whom Allah azwj the High has
Said: And the foremost are the foremost, These are they who are drawn
nigh (to Allah) 56:10 & 11
] 44148 [
: ) ( :

. :
H 33438 And from Muhammad Bin Qulawayh, from Sad Bin Abdullah, from Ahmad Ibn
Muhammad Bin Isa, from Abdullah Bin Muhammad Al Hajaal, from Al Ala Bin Razeen, from
Abdullah Bin Abu Yafour who says:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, I cannot meet with youasws every time, and it is not
possible to come to you, and a man comes to me from our companions and
questions me, and I do not have the answers with me for every question of
his.
Heasws said: Who has prevented you from Muhammad Bin Muslim Al Saqafy,
for he has heard from myasws fatherasws, and he was considered to be reliable
by himasws.
: ) ( : ] 44142 [
. ! !
H 33439 And by its chain from Al Hajaal, from Yunus Bin Yaqoub who said:
I was with Abu Abd Allahasws, heasws said: Is there no sanctuary for you? Is
there no resting place for you, that you can rest in? Who has stopped you
from Al-Haris Bin Al-Mugeera Al-Nasary?
] 44110 [
( )
( ) :

( ) (
: )
: ( ) :
.
H 33440 And from Muhammad Bin Qulawayh and Al Husayn Bin Al-Hasan, from Sad Ibn
Abdullah, from Muhammad Bin Abdullah Al MasmaI, from Ali Bin Hadeed, from Jameel Bin
Daraaj who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws in a Hadith said in condemnation of a man: May Allah azwj
not Purify his soul, and nor for anyone like him. Some people who were with
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myasws fatherasws were considered to have safeguarded the Permissible and


the Prohibitions of Allahazwj, and were holding the secrets of hisasws
knowledge, and similarly today they are keepers of myasws secrets. And, the
companions of myasws fatherasws are true ones. When Allahazwj Intends evil for
the people of the earth, Heazwj Exchanges the evil for their sake. They are the
stars of myasws Shites, whether alive or dead. They have kept alive the
remembrance of myasws fatherasws. It is by them that Allahazwj Uncovers all
innovations. They deny the impersonation of the wrongdoers, and the
explanations of the exaggerators Heasws then wept. I said, Who are they?
Heasws said: The ones on whom are the Blessings of Allahazwj, and one whom
is Hisazwj Mercy, be they alive or dead Bureyd Al-Ajaly, and Abu Baseer, and
Zarara, and Muhammad Bin Muslim.
] 44112 [
: ( ) :
:
:
. ) (
H 33441 And from him, from Sad, from Al Masmai, from Ali Bin Asbaat, from Muhammad
Bin Sinan, from Dawood Bin Sarhaan who says:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Iasws narrate a Hadith to a man, and forbid him
from disputations and expressing opinions in the Religion of Allah azwj, and
forbid him from analogy. He exits from measws and gives the explanation of
myasws Hadith other than what it was until heasws said: Surely the
companions of myasws father were an adornment, whether alive or dead. I asws
mean, Zarara, and Muhammad Bin Muslim, and from them Lays Al-Murady,
and Bureyd Al Ajaly. These are the ones who speak equitably, they are the
ones who have strengthened justice, they are the ones who are And the
foremost are the foremost, These are they who are drawn nigh (to Allah)
56:10 & 11
] 44111 [
: : ) ( :
:
.
H 33442 And from him, from Sad, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ahmad Bin Al Waleed,
from Ali Bin Al Musayb Al Hamdany who says:

I said to Al-Rezaasws, My house is far away, and I cannot come to you asws
every time. Whom shall I take the information about my religion? He asws said:
From Zakariyya Ibn Adam Al-Qummi, who is secure on the religion and the
world. Ali Bin Al Musayyab said, When I left, I went to Zakariyya Bin Adam. I
asked him about my needs from him.
] 44114 [
) (
. : :
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H 33443 And from Tahir Bin Isa Al Waraaq Al Kashy, from Ja;far Bin Ahmad Ibn Ayoub Al
Samarqandy, from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Shuja, from Ahmad Bin Hamaad Al Marouzy says:

Al-Sadiqasws whereby heasws said in a Hadith that was narrated: Surely,


Salman was a narrator. He was a narrator from his Imamasws and not from his
Lordazwj, because no one is a narrator from Allahazwj except the Imamasws (His
Proofasws).
. : : ] 44111 [
H 33444 And it has been said from Al-Fazl Bin Shazaan narrates:
(Imamasws said): No man has grown up in Islam who was more understanding
that Salman.
( : ] 44115 [
: : )
.
H 33445 And from Saleh Bin Al Sindy, from Ameet Bin Ali, from Muslim Ibn Abu Hay who
says:

I was with Abu Abd Allahasws in hisasws service. When I intended to leave and
bid farewell, and I said, I would love it if youasws could give me more. Heasws
said: Keep going to Aban Bin Taghlub, for he has heard from me asws
numerous Ahadith. Whatsoever that he narrated to you, you can narrate that
as being from measws.
: ] 44116 [
: : : : ) (
: : :
(
. : )
H 33446 And from Muhammad Bin Masud, from Ahmad Bin Mansour, from Ahmad Bin Al
Fazl Al Kanasy who says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said to me: What is this that Iasws have been told about
you? I said, What is that? Heasws said: Iasws have been told you have placed
someone as a judge among you? I said, Yes, may I be your asws sacrifice. A
man referred to as Al-Qataat, who is a very intellectual person. We gather
around him. We discuss matters and questions, then refer that back to
youasws. Heasws: There is no problem.
] 44115 [
: :
. :
H 33447 And from him, from Jafar Bin Ahmad Bin Ayoub, from Al Amarky, from Ahmad
Bin Shayba, from Yahya Bin Al Masny, from Ali Bin Al Hassan Bin Ziyad, from Hareez the
following:

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In a Hadith Abu Hanifa said to himasws (the Imamasws): You do not say
anything except for what has been narrated from him saww (Rasool Allahsaww)?
He said: Certainly.
] 44118 [
: : ) (
. :
H 33448 And from him, from Muhammad Bin Naseer, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from
Abdul Aziz Bin Al Muhtady, and Al Hasan Bin Ali Bin Yaqteen altogether the following:

Al-Rezaasws when it was said to himasws, It is not possible to come to youasws


to ask youasws all the information I need about my religion. Can I ask Yunus
Bin Abdul Rahman Al-Saqafy and take from him what I need from the
information about my religion? Heasws: Yes.
] 44112 [
: ) ( : ( )
. ) 2( :
H 33449 And from Ali Bin Muhammad Al Qutaybi, from Al Bufazzal Bin Shazan, from
Abdul Aziz Bin Al-Mohtady what I have seen to be a good person and was also a
asws
asws
representative of Al Reza
and his
special ones, says:

I asked Al-Rezaasws, I cannot meet with youasws every time. From whom shall
I take the information about my religion? Heasws said: Take from Yunus Bin
Abdul Rahman.
( : ] 44150 [
: )
. :
H 33450 And from Jibraeel Bin Ahmad, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Abdul Aziz Bin Al
Mohtady who says:

I said to Al-Rezaasws, My house is far. I cannot come to youasws every time.


Shall I take the information about my religion from Yunus the retainer of the
Household of Yaqteen? Heasws said: Yes.

Communication of Ahadith under Hostile Conditions:


] 44152 [
: : ) (
:

:
. :
H 33451 And from Hamdawiya, and Ibrahim Ibnayi Naseer, from Yaqoub Bin Yazeed,
from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Husayn Bin Maaz, from his father Maaz Bin Muslim Al Nahwy,
asws
from Abu Abd Allah :
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They tell measws that you sit in a group issuing verdicts to the people? I said,
Yes, and I had intended to ask youasws about that before I go. I sit in the
Masjid, if a man comes over and asks me about something, if I know about
him to be an adversary of yoursasws, I inform him in accordance with what he
does, and if a man comes over and I know him to be from those that love
youasws, I inform him of what has come from youasws, and if a man comes over
and I do not know about him and I do not know who he is, I say to him, It has
been reported from such and such, and the other has been reported from
such and such. I include yourasws words in between that. Heasws said to me:
Keep doing that, for Iasws also do the same.

Trustworthy Narrators of Ahadith:


: ] 44155 [
:
.
H 33455 And from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Quteyba, from Ahmad Bin Ibrahim Al-Maragy
who says:

I went to Al-Qasim Bin Al Ala and mentioned the honourable letter in which
heasws said There is no excuse for any of those that love usasws to doubt that
which has been related from ourasws reliable ones. Know, that weasws have
entrusted them with ourasws secrets, and they are bearers of that which weasws
have given them.
] 44156 [

. : ) (
H 33456 And from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Bin Al Abbas, from Ahmad Bin Idrees, from
Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Amraan, from Suleyman Al Khataaby, from
Muhammad, from one of their men, from Muhammad Bin Hamran, from Ali Ibn Hanzala who
says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: Recognise the status of the men in accordance with
how much they narrate from usasws.

Religion Should not be taken from non-Shias Sources:


] 44155 [
: ( ) :



.
H 33457 And from Hamdawiya, and Ibrahim Ibn Naseer, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Al
Razy, from Ali Bin Habib, from Ali Bin Suweyd Al Sayi who said:

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Abu Al-Hassanasws wrote to me whilst heasws was in prison, As for what you
have asked, O Ali, from where would you take the information about your
religion, do not take the information about your religion from any one other
than ourasws Shites, for if you do not do so then you will have taken your
religion from the traitors, who have betrayed Allahazwj and Hisazwj
Messengersaww, and betrayed their trusts.
They were entrusted with the Book of Allahazwj, but they corrupted and altered
it. The Curse of Allahazwj be upon them, and the curse of Hisazwj
Messengersaww, and the curse of Hisazwj Angels, and the curse of myasws
honourable forefathersasws, the goodly people, and myasws curse, and the
curse of myasws Shites up until the Day of Judgement in a lengthy writing.
] 44158 [
: ) (
: ) (
.
H 33458 And from Muhammad Bin Masud, from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Feyruzan AlQummi, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid Al Barqy, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin
Abu Nasr, from Ismail Bin Jabir says:

Abu Abd Allahasws said: The Messenger of Allahsaww said: This religion will be
borne in every century by the just ones, who will rebut the interpretation of the
wrong doers, and the alterations of the exaggerators, and the impersonations
of the ignorant, like the cleaning of the impurities of the iron in the fire of the
blacksmith.
] 44152 [
: ) 2( ) ( : ( )

H 33459 And from him, from Ali Bin Muhammad, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Al Barqy,
from his father, mentioned from Zayd Al Shahaam who says:

Abu Jafarasws regarding the Words of Allahazwj the High Then let man look to
his food, - 80:24, said: At the knowledge that he has acquired, and where he
has acquired it from?
: ] 44160 [
: ( ) :
:
.
H 33460 And from Jibraeel Bin Ahmad, from Musa Bin Jafar Bin Wahab, from Ahmad Bin
Haatim Bin Mahuwayh who say:

I wrote to himasws, meaning Abu Al-Hassanasws The Third asking himasws,


From whom shall I take information about my religion? And his brother wrote
as well like that. Heasws wrote to both of them: Iasws understand what you have
mentioned. You should place reliance in your religion on all those who have
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grown old in love for usasws, and all those that have understood plenty of
ourasws orders, for they both will be sufficient for you, Allahazwj Willing.
) ( ] ( ) 44162 [
: ) ( :
: : ) (
( ) : !
.
H 33461 Muhammad Bin Al Hassan in his book Al Ghayba from Muhammad Bin Abdullah
Bin Jafar Al Humeryri, from his father, from Muhammad Bin Saleh Al Hamdany, says:

I wrote to the Imam-e-Zamanajfj (Master of the Timeajfj), My household read to


me by the Hadith that has been narrated from yourasws forefathersasws whereby
theyasws have said: Ourasws attendants and ourasws community are the most
evil creatures of Allahazwj. Heasws wrote: Woe be unto you! Do you not read
what Allahazwj has Said And We made between them and the towns which
We had blessed (other) towns to be easily seen 34:18 for weasws - by
Allahazwj are the towns which have been Blessed therein, and you are the
apparent towns.
( ] ( ) 44161 [
: )
) ( :
) ( : [ ] :

) ( ) (
) ) ( (

!
H 33462 Ahmad Bin Ali Bin Abu Talib Al-Tabarsee in his book Al-Ihtijaj from Abu Hamza
says:

Abu Jafarasws in a Hadith heasws said to Hassan Al-Basry: Weasws are the
town that Allahazwj has Blessed therein, and that is in the Words of Allahazwj
Mighty and Majestic for those that speak of ourasws virtues, where Allahazwj has
Ordered them to come to usasws. Heazwj has Said And We made between
them and the towns which We had blessed (other) towns to be easily
seen 34:18 and the apparent towns are the messengers and the transmitters
from usasws to ourasws Shites and the understanding ones of ourasws Shites to
ourasws Shites, and Hisazwj Words and We apportioned the journey therein
34:18 and journeying is an example for knowledge by which they travel nights
and days, when they travel by it from knowledge in the nights and days from
usasws to them about the Permissible and the Prohibited and the Obligations,
they take it in trust from its origins, which they have been Ordered to take
from, safe from doubts and errors and the overturning of the Prohibited from
the Permissible, for they take the knowledge is a way which necessitates for
them Forgiveness, for theyasws are the inheritors of knowledge from Adamasws
up to the end of the Purified Progeny, one from the other. This appointment
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does not end with you but it ends with usasws, and weasws are that Progenyasws,
but not you and not the ones like you, O Hassan!.
] ( ) 44164 [
: ) ( :
( :
. )
H 33463 Ahmad Bin Abu Abd Allah Al Barqy in Al Mahasin from his father, from Al Nazar
Bin Suweyd, from Yahya Bin Amran Al Halby, from Abdullah Bin Muskan, from Abu Baseer
who said:

I said to Abu Abd Allahasws, Do youasws see the rejection of this order as if
rejecting you? Heasws said: O Abu Muhammad! One who rejects this order
(Hadith) to you has rejected the Messenger of Allahsaww.

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Chapter Nine: Concluding Remarks

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Concluding Remarks
An overview of Ijtihad and Taqleed from Twelve Imami perspective is presented,
with the identification of two major sects within the followers of the Twelve Imamis;
those who do the Taqleed (emulate) of the Infallible Imamsasws (the
traditionalist/orthodox/Akhbaris) and those who take religion by emulating (taqleed)
their Mujtahids (the rationalist/unorthodox/Usoolis).
Historically, the rationalist sect has emerged after the Grand Occultation of Imam-eZamanajfj with the derivation of rules in jurisprudence (Fiqh), as being borrowed from
Ahlay Sunnah (Sunnis) who originally embraced the system Ijtihad during the time of
their first four imams (i.e.,Abu Hanifa, Shafi, Malaki, Hambali). The division between
the two Twelve Imami sects has been discussed by a number of academic
scholars152, however in regard to the topic of Ijtihad and Taqleed, the majority sect
(rationalist) has the faith that the deeds of a believer are not accepted without the
taqleed of a Mujahid, whereas the sect in minority (traditionalist) believe that the
deeds of a believer are only accepted under the Taqleed of an Infallible Imamasws.
We would like to stop here and urge our readers to carry out their own research and
take a position either of the two, so that their deeds are appreciated rather then
being depleted in the Hereafter.
Wassalam
P.S. A summary of the main points presented in the quoted Ahadith of
Masomeenasws are reiterated in the following Appendix:

152

The Nature of the Akhbari Usooli Dispute, Andrew J. Newman, Bulletin of the School of Oriental
and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 55, No. 2 (1992), pp. 250-261; The Divine Guide in
Early Shiism-the Sources of Esotericism in Islam, 1994, State University of New York Press, Albany.
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APPENDIX I:
Sources

The First Fabricated Hadith on Ijtihad from Sunnis

Sunni Hadith 1

. :

Amr b. al-As reported that he heard Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) as
saying: When a judge gives a decision by Ijtihad and gets it right, there are two rewards
for him; and if he gave a Judgement by Ijtihad but erred, there is one reward for him.
First of all this Hadith is not to be found in any of the Shiite books. This is from the
Sunni book called Sahih Muslim.
Secondly there is only one narrator mentioned in this Hadith Amr Bin Al Aas, the arch
enemy of the Holy Imam Aliasws, and the right hand man of Muawiya Bin Abu Sufyanla.
Thirdly, this Hadith is for the justification of the decisions made by the first Caliph Abu
Bakrla.153
Sunni Hadith 2

It has been narrated from Musa Bin Ibrahim from the people of Rabia who said that Abu
Bakr was sitting in his house with fear and grief, when Umar entered, and he (Abu Bakr)
accused him by saying: I find doubt in this decision of mine that I have given between
people, which you gave me to do. Umar said to him: I have known from the Rasool
Allahsaww that: When a judge does Ijtihad and gets it right he gets two rewards for
it, and if he does Ijtihad and gets it wrong he gets one reward. Abu Bakr was then
satisfied with this.154

153
154

Sahih Muslim B18 H 4261


Kanz Ul Ammal Vol 5 Al Muttaqi Hindi

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APPENDIX II: Ahadith in the Interpretation of the Verse 9:122


121





























Ahmed ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr who has said the
following:

Once I wrote a letter to Imam al-Rezaasws. The issues for which I requested explanation
in the letter, one was about the words of Allah azwj: Ask the people of Dhikr (people
who remind of Allah) if you do not know, The other question was about the words of
Allahazwj: And the believers should not all go out to fight. Of every troop of them, a
party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may gain sound
knowledge in religion, and that they may warn their folk when they return to them,
so that they may beware (9: 122). The above passages say that it is made obligatory
upon them to ask but it is not made obligatory upon you to answer.
The Imamasws answered: Allahazwj has Said: But if they do not answer you, then
know that they only follow their low desires; and who is more erring than he who
follows his low desires without any guidance from Allah? Surely Allah does not
guide the unjust people. (28:50).

458





Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan who from Yaqub ibn
Shuayb who has said the following:

Once I asked Abu Abd Allahasws: If something happens to the Imamasws what should the
people do? The Imamasws asked, that is where the words of Allahazwj apply: And the
believers should not all go out to fight. Of every troop of them, a party only
should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may gain sound knowledge in
religion, and that they may warn their folk when they return to them, so that they
may beware (9: 122). The Imamasws then said, They will have good reason to be
excused as long as they are searching and learning. So also are those who wait for
them until they complete their religious education and return back to them.

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458







Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn Isa from Yunus ibn Abd Al-Rahman who has said that
it was narrated to us by Hammad who has referred to Abd Al-Ala for the following:

Once I asked Abu Abd Allahasws about the statement of Sunni Muslims, al-Amma, that
says the Rasool Allahsaww has said: If a person dies without recognising who his Imam
is, his death is as if he has died the death of ignorance (pre-Islarnic age of darkness).
The Imamasws said, That is very true, by Allahazwj. I then asked, What if the Imamasws
passes away and a person is in Khurasan (Iran, implying far away) and does not know
who the executor of the will of the Imam asws is? Is this a good excuse for him (to be
ignorant of the Imamasws of his time)? The Imamasws said: No, that is not a good reason
and an excuse. When the Imamasws leaves this world the authority of the executor of
hisasws will applies to the oneasws (who is appointed by the Imam) and those who live in
the area (would recognise himasws). Also the obligation of searching to learn about ones
duties (to recognise the Imamasws of their time) applies to those who are not in the area
but who have learned about the passing away of the Imam asws. Allahazwj, has Said, And
the believers should not all go out to fight. Of every troop of them, a party only
should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may gain sound knowledge in
religion, and that they may warn their folk when they return to them, so that they
)may beware (9: 122
I then asked, What if they did go to find out but certain ones from them died before
they could find out? Imamasws replied: Allahazwj has said, " ... and one who dies, after
having abandoned his home to get near to Allah and His Messenger, will receive

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his reward from Allah .... " (4:100) I asked, What if certain ones from them may reach
your town but find out that you have closed your door and the curtains are drawn closed
and youasws would not call them to yourselfasws and there might be no one to guide them
to youasws. How then will they know about youasws? Imamasws replied: They can learn
about measws from the book that Allahazwj has revealed.
I then asked, How has Allahazwj said it? Imamasws said, Iasws know that you have
spoken to me about it before this day also. I said, That is correct. He asws then said,
Recall what Allahazwj has said about Aliasws and what the Rasool Allahsaww said to
himasws about al-Hassanasws and al-Husaynasws, what Allah has specially said about
Aliasws and what the Rasool Allahsaww has said about himasws, about hissaww will to
himasws, appointing himasws, about theirasws suffering and the acknowledgements of alHassanasws and al-Husaynasws of such facts. Recall the will of al-Hassanasws and his
delivering it to al-Husaynasws.
Allahazwj has Said, "The Prophet has a greater claim on the faithful than they have
on themselves, and his wives are (as) their mothers; and the possessors of
relationship have the better claim in the ordinance of Allah to inheritance, one
with respect to another, than (other) believers, and (than) those who have fled
(their homes), except that you do some good to your friends; this is written in the
Book. (33:6)
I then said, People speak about Abu Jafarasws and ask, How is it that Imamatasws has
stepped out for himasws from among all the sons of hisasws fatherasws, even though certain
ones among them were closer to the Imam asws and older than himasws? The ones
younger than heasws did not receive it just because they were younger
The Imamasws said: The one who possesses this matter (Imamat The Divine
Leadership) can be recognised through three pieces of evidence that are not found with
other people. Heasws must have greater proximity to the preceding Imam asws and that
heasws must be the executor of the will of the preceding Imam asws. With himasws there
must be the Armaments of the Rasool Allahsaww and the document of hissaww will. This
document is with measws and no one disputes it.
I then asked. Is that kept secret and hidden for fear from the rulers? The Imam asws said:
There is nothing secret and hidden but there is clear evidence for its existence and that
it is available. What is there is what my fatherasws entrusted measws with. When heasws
was about to leave this world heasws asked measws to call people to bear testimony for
himasws. Iasws then called four people from Quraysh among whom was Nafi, slave of
Abd Allah ibn Umar. Myasws fatherasws said, Write down, this is how the will of Jacob as
to his children reads, "Allah has chosen this religion for you. You must not leave
this world unless you are a Muslim (submitted to the will of the Lord of the
Universe) (2: 132).

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Muhammadasws ibn Aliasws made the same kind of will to his son, Jafarasws ibn
Muhammadasws and commanded himasws to shroud himasws in his own gown, which
heasws would use during hisasws Friday prayers. And hisasws own turban must be used for
himasws, that the surface of hisasws grave should be given a square shape, raised by four
fingers (three inches) from the ground and thereafter leave it that much only. Thereafter,
heasws wrapped up the document of the will and asked the witnesses to leave saying,
"May Allahazwj Grant you blessings. When they left Iasws asked, What was in it O
father, that youasws asked them to bear testimony to? Heasws said, Iasws do not like that
you overcome by them and people say, Heasws left this world without a will. Iasws wanted
it to be a supporting authority for youasws. This is the fact that helps one who comes to
the town and asks. To whom did so and so make a will! And he would answer, The will
was made to so and so. I then asked, What if heasws (Imam) would be a partner in the
will? He said, You must ask himasws. Heasws will explain it to you.

452















Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa from Muhammad ibn Khalid
from Nadr ibn Suwayd from Yahya al-Halabi from Burayd ibn Muawiya who from Muhammad ibn Muslim
who has said the following:

Once I said to Abu Abd Allahasws May Allahazwj grant you good health, we heard that
youasws were not feeling well and it caused us great anxiety. Would that you asws had
informed or taught us about who would be the succeeding Imam asws.
asws

The Imamasws said, Aliasws was
knowledge is
the scholar and his
asws
asws
inherited. No scholar
dies except that he
leaves behind a scholarasws whose
knowledge is of the same level or whatever Allah wills.

I then asked, Will people be excused for not recognising the succeeding Imam asws after
the death of the preceding Imamasws? The Imamasws then said, The people of this area
(Madina) will not be excused. People of other areas will be dealt with according to their
abilities. Allahazwj has Said: And the believers should not all go out to fight. Of every
troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may
gain sound knowledge in religion, and that they may warn their folk when they
return to them, so that they may beware (9: 122),
I (the narrator) then asked the Imamasws, What if certain ones of them would die before
completing their education and search (of the religion)? The Imam replied: Such
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people will be of the ones mentioned in the words of Allah herein below. " ... And one
who dies, after having abandoned his home to get near to Allah and His
Messenger, will receive his reward from Allah .... ", (4: 100)
I then asked the Imamasws, If people come to the Imamasws then by what means can
they recognise himasws? Heasws said, The Imamasws is granted Calm, Dignity and an
Impressive Personality.
( ) ] ( ) ( ) 44420 [
: :
( )
( :
) ( )
H 33310 And in Uyoon Al Akhbaar and Al Illal by their chains from Al Fazl Bin Shazaan narrates:
Al-Rezaasws in a Hadith said: Allahazwj only Ordered the Pilgrimage so that they
would all come as a group, and seek the increase, and exit from all their errors
committed by the servants until heasws said: And let among them be those that
ponder, and copy the Ahadith of the Imamsasws to every corner of the world, as Allahazwj
Mighty and Majestic has Said "why should not then a company from every party
from among them go forth that they may apply themselves to obtain
understanding in religion, and that they may warn their people when they come
back to them that they may be cautious?" 9:122 and "That they may witness
advantages for them" 22:28 (Wasail ul Shia, Vol. 27, Hadith 33310)

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APPENDIX III: Shia Mujtahids Declare the Only Hadith in Favour of


Taqleed as Weak


-:
( ) ( : ) )).
:
-2 - -
!!
-1
.
-4
() () .
-1 ( )

.!!
:
-2 28 25-21 :
( :
.....
)).
-1 25 :
( .... .)...
For
further
comments
of
other
Mujtahids
please
visit:
http://www.alwatanyh.com/forum/f35/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%82%D9%84%
D9%8A%D8%AF%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%AC%D8%AA%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%AF%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%B9%D8%A9-%D8%AC2-32349/

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APPENDIX IV: Some Other Arguments which are Presented in


Favour of Taqleed:
Hadith I

The Hadith below is frequently presented by those who are not well versed in the
system of Ijtihad and taqleed. An integral and essential tool of Ijtihad is the science
of the Ilmul Rijal (The knowledge of the narrators), reader can see there are no
names of narrators at all, hence a qualified person will never present this Hadith in
the support of Ijtihad and Taqleed. There are two versions of this hadith and I have
given both of them below.

The Holy Imam Muhammad Al Baqirasws said (to Aban): Sit yourself in the Masjid of
Kufa and give Fatwas to the people. I love to see people like you among my
Shiites.155

The Holy Imam Muhammad Al Baqirasws said (to Aban): Sit yourself in the Masjid of
Medina and give Fatwas to people. I love to see people like you among my
Shiites.156
REFUTATION

The first obvious difference is the mention of the Masjid. Was it kufa or was it
Medina?
Secondly, did you notice that none of these sources ever mention any narrators
whatsoever?
Which Aban? Aban Ibn Tablugh was a Ahadith Narrator:

No doubt Aban has narrated many Ahadith, however the above Hadith starts like:






155

RIJAAL IBN DAWOOD 4 / 10


RIJAAL ALLAMAH HILLI (1 / 21) & RIJAAL AL NAJJASHI (7 / 10) & AL FIHRIST AL TOOSI (51 /
17)
156

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Ahmed Bin Ali al-Najashi in the book of Alrijal (about men), said narrated from ibn
Mohammed Alerzna Ahmad ibn Ali ibn Aban who from Ahmed bin Mohammed bin
Issa Saleh Al-Sindi who from Ummi bin Ali who from Salim bin Abi Hayat who says I
was with Abu Abdullahasws who has said, Aban ibn Taghlib has heard a large numbe
of Ahadith form measws, (the Hadith finishes here then another line is added like):
And said to him, said Abu Jaffarasws sit in the mosque of Madinah and give Fatwas to
people. I love to see people like you among my Shiites.157
Hadith II

The two versions of Ahadith below give references of two books which do not exist
today and hence all the narrators of these Ahadith are missing. In addition, there are
no reference to the al-Usool and al-Faroo in any other Ahadith of Masomeenasws,
as presented before the principles of Islam are five:
Abu Jafarasws, recipient of divine supreme covenant, has said: Islam is based on
five principles. They are: Prayer, al-Zakat (charity), Fasting, Hajj and alWilayah. The call to none of the other principles has been as emphatic as it
has been to al-Wilayah. People accepted the other four but they left aside this
i.e. al-Wilayah.158
Apart from giving us Baniya al-Islam (principles of Islam), Masomeenasws have not
given Al-Usool-e-Deen. The Principles of Islam, however, as given by the
Masomeenasws are manuplated into the Faroo-e-Deen in the man-made system of
the science of Ijtihad and taqleed. The two Ahadith which are quoted by naive
supporters of Ijtihad and Taqleed are given below:
: ) ( ( )
.
Muhammad Bin Idrees at the end of Al Saraair, has copied from the book of Hisham Bin Saalim, from
asws
Abu Abdullah , said:

Surely on usasws is to give to you the principles, and to you is the branching of it. 159
Please note the referred book does not exit, so there is no information about the
narrators- hence no Darrayat-one of the basis of the ilmul rijal used in the Ijtihad
system.
. : ( )

157

Mastadraq, Vol. 17, pg. 315


Al-Kafi Vol. 1, H 1480, CH 10, h 3
159
Wasaail ul Shia Vol 27, H 33201
158

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On
us
is the giving of the principles, and upon you is the (derivation) the
branching.160
And copied from the book of Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abu Nasr, from Al Ridha

asws

, said:

asws

REFUTATION

There are no al-Usool and/or are al-Faroo found in any of Masomeenasws traditions,
these tradtions are quoted from two books, without any chain of narrators, plus alUsool and what are al-Faroo are not mentioned in the other Ahadith.
Hadith III

Sometimes, another hadith (the third Hadith) is also presented by the desperate
supporters of Ijtihad, a fabricated one, ascribed to Muaz Bin Jaballa and is coming
from sources of Ahly e Sunnah. Amir-ul-Momineenasws has rejected this Hadith.
REFUTATION

The third Hadith presented is coming from an enemy of Ahl al-Baytasws, which has
been rejected by Amir-ul-Momineenasws , see a long Hadith Wasaail ul Shia Vol
27 H 33188:
We have only given its relevant part of it: Amir-ul-Momineenasws says:
: ) ( :


( : ( ) :
! ( ) : )
(Amir-ul-Momineenasws) They say that there are the words of the Messengersaww
which hesaww spoke to Muaz Bin Jaballa, and they claim that hesaww has allowed that
(Ijtihad), but the truth is that Allahazwj has not burdened them with Ijtihad,
because Heazwj has Established for them the evidence, and raised for them
scholarsasws, and affirmed for them the Proofsasws. It is impossible that Heazwj
should Force them to do what they dislike after having Sent to them Messengersasws
with detailed explanation of the Permissible and the Prohibited, and did not leave
them in vain in what were frustrated in referring to the Prophetsaww and the
Imamsasws. How can that be and Heazwj Says "We have not neglected anything in
the Book" 6:38 and Heazwj Says "This day have I completed for you your
religion" 5:3 and Heazwj Says "and We have revealed the Book to you
explaining clearly everything" 16:89?

160

Wasaail ul Shia Vol 27, H 33202

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Further General Pro-taqleed Arguments based on Logic:


Myth 1:

Ones Amal161 are not accepted without taqleed of a Mujtahid!


Generally, the Mujtahids say: Al-amal bidoon taqleed batil, which translates to Acts
without taqleed are void. It is best to do taqleed and follow a mujtahid, If one dies
without taqleed, then it is doubtful if ones whole lifes acts of worship will be
accepted. Wallahu Alam - And Allah knows best- There are several references, in
most of the Rasala, Touzi al Masail162.
We quote the following statement from Articles of Islamic Acts (Agha Khoei),
pages1-2 (ref. 3).
It is necessary for a Muslim to believe in the fundamentals of faith (Usool-e-Deen)
on the basis of proof and he cannot follow anyone in this respect, i.e., he cannot
accept the word of another with regard to the fundamentals without demanding
proof. However, in order to act on Islamic code (Faroo-e-Deen) a person must adopt
one of the following methods:
The man concerned should be a Mujtahid himself and should be knowing the Articles
of Acts on the basis of Ijtihad and reason; (ii) If he is not a jurist himself he should
follow a jurist , i.e., he should act according to the judgement fatwa of the jurist
without demanding proof; (iii)
If he is neither a jurist nor a follower (Muqallid)163
he should act after taking such precaution that he should become sure of his having
performed his religious duty.
In some books164, which are written in support of taqleed, it is also stated that it is
Wajib (compulsory) for a non-Mujtahid to follow a well-versed Mujtahid. And in
support of their claim, a hadith from Imam Hazrat Hassan Askariasws is cited: it is
compulsory for people to follow thoseFuqha who control their personal splendour ,
strive to safeguard Deen, refrain from devious desires and who obey Allah azwj,
Rasool Allahsaww and Masomeenasws. (the last part has already been addressed in
the main chapter)

161

Act of worship
See, for example, Articles of Islamic Acts, Al-Khoei Foundation, ISBN 0-941724-21-2), Pages, 1-5,
163
Those who follow a Mujtahid.
164
See, for example, Tofa-tul-Awam, Chapter on Taqleed.
162

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Fact 1:

Now, we analyse the claims made by the Mujtahid165, and their supporters, against
the Book of Allahazwj and Masomeenass Ahadith, by answering the resulting three
questions from Myth no. 1:
How Amal166 of a Momin167 are accepted?
Is it Allahazwjs Obligation to follow a non-masoom without demanding a proof (from
the Book and the Sunnah)?
What are the true meanings of Hadith of Imam Hazrat Hassan Askariasws?
(1) How Amal of a Momin are accepted?
Amal are related with Eman, according to several traditions of Masomeen asws
(already presented in the main chapter) e.g., Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws said168:
No act (leading to sin) will be harmful if one has Eman but no deed (of worship) will
be beneficial in the absence of Eman. Dont you see Allah azwj Says The reason
that prevents them from having their expenditures accepted from them is
merely that they have disbelieved in Allahazwj and His messenger and do not
come to pray except when they are lazy, nor do they spend anything unless
they are reluctant (Repentance, 9, verse, 54169).
It is narrated from Imam-e-Jafar-e-Sadiqasws 170 Amir-ul-Momaneenas has said in
many of hisasws speeches, O people! You better stay within Deen-e-Islam, as it is
better to commit a sin in it rather than carrying out good deeds in another religion
It is narrated from Imam Ali Razaasws 171 Eman means, recitation from your tongue,
its recognition from heart and demonstration through body limbs.172
Imam Mohammed Baqirasws said173: Allahazwj Says, I will punish all those who have
followed an imam who was not nominated by Me azwj, regardless of their good deeds

165

It should be noted that the concept of following a Mujtahid has been derived from Sunnis, as they
follow their four Imams.
166
Acts of worship
167
as
A true believer (we are writing this article exclusively for Shian-e-Ali )
168
Tafseer-e-Safi, pp. 209, Translation and Tafseer by Syed Imdad Hussain pg. 252169
English translation by T.B.Irving
170
Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 337, Hadith, 6 (K.Haqiak, pp10)
171
Ann-ul Hiat, Mullah Mohammed Baqir Majlisi, Chater 7.
172
asws
Aman is not complete until and unless the Willait of Amir-ul-momaneen Ali ibn Abi Talib
is not
pronounced in Kalima, Azan, Aqamah and Taushud of Salat, as per the tradition of Imam Jafar-easws
saww.
Sadiq
La Ai La Ha Illallah and Mohammed ar Rasool Allah
then you must immediately
asws.
say Ali Ameer Ul Momaneen

173
Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 85, Hadith, 4
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and extensive acts of worship but will forgive those who have followed My Just and
Divine Imamasws, regardless of their enormous burden of sins.
It is also obvious from a famous and Mutafiq-ul-Alay174 hadith of Rasool Allahsaww,
My followers will be divided into 73 sects and all will be directed towards hell fire
except one, meaning all belonging to only one Muslim sect will be rewarded
Jannah. Since there is a broad variation in the practices of worship and indulgence
in sins among people in general. Therefore, all regularly as well as irregularly
practising worshippers of the one Muslim sects will be assured a place in the
Gardens of Paradise. The qualities of their deeds, will, not doubt, distinguish their
status in the Paradise.
It is now clear from the above discussion that only deeds of the true believers
(momineen) which will be accepted by Allahazwj, here we present a generally agreed
hadith of Rasool Allahsaww The quality of Deeds depends on the intentions, this is
further emphasised175 Allahazwj awards more on good intention as compared with a
mere good practice
The quality of the deeds or acts of worship, again, depend on the understanding of
the faith and certainly not on the details/procedures through which these acts are
performed. Here, we present two traditions of Masomeenasws from Usool-e-Kafi
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Yahya ibn al-Mubarak from Abd
Allah ibn Jubla from ibn Ishaq ibn Ammar from Abu Abd Allahasws who has said the
following176:
"I asked Imam Abu Abd Allah Rezaasws, May Allahazwj take my soul in service for
your cause, I am impressed by my neighbour who regularly offers prayers, gives
much charity and very often visits Mecca and performs Hajj." Imam asws asked, O ibn
Ishaq how about his state of Marifat (level of intellect in Deen)?" I then replied, May
Allahazwj take my soul in service for your cause, he does not have any wisdom
(Marifat). Nothing from what he does will be raised up (to heavens)." Replied
Imamasws.
We conclude here: Acts of worship are accepted and rewarded based on intentions
and knowledge related to principles of Islam (which are Principles of religion as per
Masomeenaswss Ahadith but Faroo-e-Deen as per principles of Ijtihad!)
(2) Is it Allahazwjs Obligation to follow a non-masoom without demanding a proof
(from the Book and the Sunnah)?

174

Accepted by all Muslim sects.


Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 171, Hadith, 2
176
Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 1, Hadith, 19
175

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This is, certainly, a groundless claim based on man-made criteria, fabricated by the
architects of the Shia Ijtihad, otherwise Allahazwj, (ref. 10) will only accept the acts of
worship, which are carried out while following a Divine Imamasws. However,
supporters of Mujtahideen may still insist on Ahadith of Imam Hassan Askariasws
which refers to the time of Imam-e-Zamanaasws, Ghaibat. We illustrate what we
have given in the main chapter:
What are the true meanings of Hadith of Imam Hazrat Hassan Askariasws?
It is compulsory for people to follow those Fuqha who control their personal
splendour, strive to safeguard Deen, refrain from devious desires and who obey
Allahazwj, Rasoll Allahsaww and Masomeenasws.
The Fuqha are the narrators of the Ahadith as per Ahadith presented in the
Summary:
Here, instead of disputing the authenticity of the above Hadith, we present the
following traditions from Masomeenasws which provide us guidelines for making use
of their teachings in all aspects of our lives:
Initially, we analyse the situation when there are conflicting traditions from
Masomeenasws (God forbid). It is narrated Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws177:
When a person asked what shall we do when we hear conflicting Ahadith from
those who are yourasws trustworthy (followers)? Imamasws said if a hadith is in
agreement with the book of Allahazwj and sayings of Rasol Allahsaw, then accept
it otherwise leave it alone.
Let us analyse other ahadith related to Ghaibat-e-Imamasws:
Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws said : Whenever it occurs, everyone should stick to what
was conveyed to them by the Aimmaasws before, till you find out who is the Imam
(Reappearance of Imamasws)178
Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws said : When such a time comes and you cannot meet your
Imam-e-Zamanaasws, you should continue to follow the orders from Aimma asws which
you already have until the reappearance of Imam asws is announced or proven.179
In another hadith for the Ghaibat-e-Imamasws
Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws said: They must seek out one of you who narrates our
Traditions, who is versed in what is permissible and what is forbidden, who is well177

Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 22, Hadith, 2


Baharul Anwar vol.11 p, 671
179
Baharul Anwar vol.11 p, 672
178

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acquainted with our laws and ordinances, and accept him as judge and arbiter, for I
appoint him as judge over you. If the ruling which he based on our laws is rejected,
this rejection will be tantamount to ignoring the order of Allahazwj and rejecting usasws
is the same as rejecting Allahazwj, and this is the same as polytheism.180
Imam, Muhammad al-Mahdiasws said in a reply to Ishaq ibn Yaqub:
As far as newly occurring circumstances are concerned, you should turn (for
guidance) to the narrators of our ahadith, for they are my proof over you just as I am
Allahs proof.181
From the above traditions of Masomeenasws and an extract from Imam Hassan
Askariaswss tradition (which is used in support of Taqleed), it is clear that one has to
consult the narrator of theirasws Ahadith and then should act according to the tradition
of Divine Masoomasws, and the basis of following Islamic issues are still the
traditions of Masomeenasws rather than fatawa of a Mujtahid or following a
personality.
Mujtahids supporters at this point usually say, as a matter of fact Mujtahid gives the
essence of Masomeenasws s tradition in his fatwa (as a nutshell)! This leads us to
Myth no. 2!
Myth 2:

The fatwa of a Mujtahid, in fact, is according to the traditions of Masomeen asws!


Fact 2:

This is completely based on perception of a Muqallid for his loyalty and blind
support for his Mujtahid, without any evidence, since he is denied of his right to
asked for further information (Proof, see ref. 3)-according to one of the conditions
between aMujtahid and Muqallid relationship. However, we present a hadith from
Amir-ul-momaneenasws, Whoever cites our Tradition and does not refer its origin to
us, commits an act of cruelty against us.182 And also
Abu Abdallahasws said: Beware of the branched-out lies. They asked the Imamasws,
What are the branched-out lies? The Imamasws replied, "It is when you narrate a
Hadith of an Imamasws without mentioning an Imamaswss name183
A pro-Taqleed still asks here that all the above sayings of Masomeen asws are also
known to Mujtahid, as they conduct a through research and spend their whole lives
180
181
182
183

Furu-e-Kafi, vol. 7, Tehran 1379, p. 412


Shaykh at-Tabarsi, al-Ihtijaj, vo. 2, Najaf 1966, p. 283.

Nahjul Asrar, Vol 1.


Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 17, Hadith 12

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in analysing Ahadith and issues related to Fiqh! This counter argument leads us to
Myth no. 3!
Myth 3:

We follow the best knowledgeable person, Mujtahid who has extensively studied
Quran and Ahadith and if he makes a mistake, in his judgement (fatwa), then he will
be responsible for his mistake but we will not be penalised for his misjudgement, as
we sincerely followed the best available source of knowledge!
Fact 3:

Allahazwj says in Quran, No burdened (soul) may bear anothers burden: if


some over-laden soul should call out for someone else to carry his load, no
one would bear any part of it even though they were a near relative. You can
only warn those who dread their Lord although (he is) Unseen, and keep up
prayer. Anyone who purifies himself, only purifies his own soul. Towards God
should remain ones goal (35:18)184.
Allahazwj also Says in the Holy Quran:








}265{

And those who followed shall say: Had there been for us a return, then we
would renounce them as they have renounced us. Thus will Allah show them
their deeds to be intense regret to them, and they shall not come forth from the
fire (2:167).
.

( )


Wuheyb Bin hafs, from Abu Baseer who said:

Abu Abdullahasws said: There is none from the servants who calls to the misguidance
except that he finds the one (mureed) who follows him.185
It is the responsibility of all of us to acquire knowledge, as we will be judged by our
own efforts, we present a hadith of Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws in this regard:
Imam Abu Abdullahasws said, Allahazwj does not accept a deed without good
understanding, whereas good understanding cannot be achieved without hard work.
The one who attains proper understanding will be guided by it towards good deeds

184
185

Originator, Chapter 35, Verse 18.


Al-Kafi, Vol. 8, H. 14743

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and the one who does not make any effort will not develop any understanding. Is it
not a fact that parts of faith comes from other parts?"186
Also in another Hadith:
And from Ali Bin Ibrahim from Muhammad Bin Isa from Yunus from Jameel who has narrated the
asws
following from Abu Abd Allah :

People are of three types scholar, student, and rubble. Weasws are the scholars,
and ourasws Shiites are the students, and the rest of the people are worthless.187
So by leaving principles of Islam aside and just leaning and relying on a Mujtahid,
one has no shelter against burden of unaccepted obligatory acts of worship if an
error has been made. This is due to the fact that one is following the judgement
(Fatwa) of someone who is not infallible and there is always going to be danger of
errors, specailly for the Hereafter where one has to live forever, either comfortably or
under distress. If he is, as most of the Mujtahid disagree in various Islamic issueshence all of them cannot be right, while in conflict, their followers, therefore, will be
equally responsible for those act which were carried out on the basis of wrong
fatawa!
It is important to note that the process of fatwa derivation is totally forbidden by the
Masomeenasws:
I asked from (Imam) Abu Abd Allahasws, Sometimes, we encounter those issues,
related to which we cannot find an answer neither in the book of Allah azwj nor in the
Ahadith. Can we use our own analysis of the situation (use of analogies) and try to
find a solution? The Imamasws replied, "No, you must not do so. If you would find the
correct solution, you will receive no rewards for it and if you derive a wrong
conclusion then you have forged lies against Allah azwj, the most Majestic, the most
Glorious."188
From this point we go to the Myth no 4!
Myth 4:

The supporters of taqleed at this point usually say, Mujtahids guess is still going to
be better than that of a layman so it is better to act on the guess of a better
informed Mujtahid who uses an extensive and painstaking path of fatwa derivation!

186

Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 12, Hadith 2


Wasail ul Shia, H. 33094
188
Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 19, Hadith 11
187

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Fact 4:

The process of issuing a fatwa is based on logic, similarity and speculation, all of
these have been forbidden by the Masomeenasws: 189
Mohammed Ibn Hakam has narrated from Imam Musa-e-Kazimasws, that may I be
your ransom, we have learned the knowledge of deen from you and we do not feel
any need to ask from anyone else. And when we meet with people in public
gatherings, they ask questions from us and we are able to reply to them due to
Allahazwjs blessing on us because of your kindness. But some times we are asked
about those questions for which we have not heard any answers either from you asws.
or from your (masoom) forefathersasws. Under these circumstances, we carefully
analyse the situation and reply to them accordingly. Imamasws said, Never, never, by
Allahazwj, O ibn Hakam! there is certainly destruction in it. Whoever has acted like
this has met total destruction! Then said Allah .azwj.s curse may be upon Abu Hanifa
who says, Aliasws says like this, regarding this issue, whereas my ruling is like thismeaning my statement is better than Aliasws s (God forbid), Mohammad bin Hakam
said, I told this later to Hasham bin abul Hakam, by Allah azwj, I wanted to seek
permission (from Imamasws) to make use of analogy/similarity in solving issues of
deen.
The use of analogy/perception has been strongly forbidden in other Hadith from
Imam-e-Jafar-e-Sadiqasws:
I asked from Hazrat Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws The Sunnah, tradition of the holy
Prophetsaww can not be learned through analogy. Consider a woman has to make up
for her lapsed fast due to her monthly cycle but it is not obligatory on her to make up
for her lapsed prayers under those conditions, whereas Salat is superior to Fast, O
Aban, when analogy (process of fatwa extraction) is used, it would only destroy
religion.190
Myth 5:

The Mujtahid is the Specialist:


Mujtahid is specialist of the religious affairs (e.g., several PhDs in various disciplines
of religious affairs (i.e., jurisprudence, history, Ahadith) and when you face a problem
you consult the specialist related to a specific area of expertise (e.g., for heart
bypass- a heart surgeon is consulted, for building design- an architect is
approached)!

189
190

Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 19, Hadith 9


Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 19, Hadith 15

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Fact 5:

: ) (
. : :
And from Ali Bin Ibrahim from Muhammad Bin Isa from Yunus from Jameel who has narrated the
asws
following from Abu Abd Allah :

People are of three types scholar, student, and rubble. Weasws are the scholars,
and ourasws Shiites are the students, and the rest of the people are worthless.191
The experts are the Masomeenasws, and all the Shias, regardless of their knowledge
and experience, are theirasws students.
In another Hadith Imamasws asked: Do you know who the scholars are? I said: O
son of the Prophet of Allahsaww! No. Imamasws said: They are the scholars from the
Household of Mohammedsaww whose obedience has been made incumbent (upon
people) by Allahazwj and Allahazwj has made it obligatory upon the people to love
them.192
Myth 6:

Taqleed is in human nature, we all follow someone, e.g., as a guardian, as a


teacher, and hence we follow the most knowledgeable person in religion, the
religious-expert - Maraje!
Fact 6:

In the recognition of an expert, in any discipline of life, one would search for the track
record of that expert (his success and failure profile). For example, if one wants to
consult a cardiologist or an architect, he will investigate specialists success rate on
previous treatments or building structures, after establishing success of his
treatment or sound features of the building structures one would take the advise of
that expert. But when one looks at the simple issues, which have been remained
unresolved by the Mujtahid for the last 1400 years, one gets perplexed, particularly
when one is asked to just follow without asking for a proof! Those simple issues are,
for example, when Salat/fast becomes Qasr or in which direction prayers should be
offered while travelling-all of the Mujtahideen are confused and issue different
statements, please see details in
http://www.hubeali.com/articles/Examples_of_Fatawa_Conflicts.pdf.

191
192

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33094


Uyun Akhbar al-Reza, vol. 1, H. 2865

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In brief, the capability of a Mujtahid in deriving a fatwa is far from being an expert.
The expert of the Deen is the narrator of Divine laws and only nominated by Allah azwj,
so the real experts in Islam are our Masomeenasws. Therefore, in this context, a
Mujtahid may be taken an equivalent to hakeem193 who would try to treat a patient
through mixing and grinding various tablets in different combinations and strengths,
which he has acquired from various pharmacies The actions of the Mujtahid, are
not far, from this example, in his efforts of deriving a fatwa! He takes bits and pieces
from various Verses of Quran and traditions of Masomeen asws and produces his own
statement Fatwa (which is also sometimes reffered to as nutshell or sugur coated
bill for Muqallid-as it eliminates his research for the traditions of Masomeen asws).
This is obvious from the wordings of a fatwa that it is neither from Verses of the
Quran nor a Hadith of a Masoomasws but rather a sugar coated pill for a busy
Muqallid and a source of strangle-hold for the Mujtahid over his followers.
However, the supports of taqleed would still argue that their Mujtahid get inspiration
from Imam-e-Zamanasws as being in the position of Niab-e-Imam- lets review this
claim in Myth No 7!
Myth 7:

Mujtahid is the Niab-e-Imam194 vicegerent of Imam-e-Zamanasws specialist of the


religious affairs (e.g., several PhDs in various disciplines of religious affairs, i.e.,
jurisprudence.!
Fact 7:

In a very simplistic way, a second-in-command or a deputy of a person is expected


to possess not only similar qualities but also to have the same speciation. For
example a heart surgeons deputy cannot be a butcher although he may be able to
quite comprehensively dissect a human body. Similarly, a monkey or an owl can
never be appointed as a second-in-command to an eye surgeon-otherwise its a
recipe for disaster. We Shian-e-Aliasws believe that our Masomeenasws were the very
first and most superior creation, in the form of The Noor, of Allahazwj. On the
contrary, human beings, were created from clay and came to this world without any
trace of knowledge. We acquired knowledge and gained strength while growing but
lost all of these, again, in our later part of lives. As Allahazwj Says:
Has not man considered how We created him from a drop of semen? Yet he is
an open adversary195!
and

193

A non-professional and unqualified who practise medicine


Second in command
195
Chapter 36, YA-SIN, Verse 77 (translation by T.B.Irving)
194

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Anyone We grant long life to, We switch around within creation (return to
childhood). Will they not use their reason?196
We take a further step to relinquish the remaining doubts regarding the position of a
Mujtahid during the occultation of Imam-e-Zamanasws,
When we take a closer look at the history, we realise that the four representatives of
Imam-e-Zamanasws never ever claim to be Naib-e-Imam but were content to be
called couriers for Masoom Imamasws, and one by one, before leaving this world,
they appointed their own Naib until the last one, who was told by Imam-eZamanasws.
O Ali bin Mohammed Samari, Allahazwj may give His best reward to your grieving
brothers on your death, which will occur within next six days. Thus, you better start
packing up and do not nominate your deputy while making your last will. Now the
Grand occultation will take place and Allahazwj will not make me reappear until after a
long time. This will not happen until people with stone cold hearts will come and fill
the earth with cruelty and tyranny. And few among my Shias, will make claims of
meeting with me but, whoever claims to see me before the aggression of Sufyani, he
will be a big liar and filthy accuser.197
First, we can easily see that there will be no deputy of any kind until the reappearance of Imam-e-Zamanajfj .
So all these so-called Niab-e-Imam and even so-called Imam are self-proclaimed
pretentious titles, without any real meanings and any relevance to and or
endorsement of Imam-e-Zamanajfj. During the early days of Grand Occultation,
Imam-e-Zamanajfjs loyal followers were quite content with their humble status and
titles, i.e., (Mulla Mohammed Baqir Majlasi, Sheikh Yaqub Kulani, Sheikh Sadduq).
Any mujtahid, present or past, can never ever dare to equate himself with the devout
services and breadth of knowledge of above mentioned shia Ahadith narrators.
Myth 7:

We have seen and observed what our ansestors have been following, generation
after generation and we will adhere to it.!
Fact 8:

When Prophet would invite unbelievers to Islam, they would say we have seen our
forefather on our religion, how all of them were on the wrong path? Allahazwj Says in
response to their statement:
196
197

Chapter 36, YA-SIN, Verse 68


See for example in "Kitab-ul-Ghaibah", of Shaykh Tusi and "Kamaaluddin" of Ibne Babuwayh

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(5:201)

And when it is said to them, Come to what Allah has revealed and to the
Messenger, they say: That on which we found our fathers is sufficient for us.
What! even though their fathers knew nothing and did not follow the right way.

The Solution!
Having said all this, reader may ask what is the solution? How one can find the
authentic traditions of Masomeenasws relevant to our day-to-day issues?
All the required knowledge, until the Day of Judgement, has been transferred to us
by the Masomeenasws, any argument creating an element of doubt (i.e., our books
were burnt in Baghdad)198 would be against our basic belief that Masomeen asws did
not leave behind adequate guideline lines (traditions) which would be followed by
theirasws Shia during the time of Grand occultation of Imam-e-Zamanasws, or all or part
of those traditions were lost (Nouzobillah!). Unless we vigorously deny these myths,
we are along the lines of Sunnis, who are convinced that Prophet Mohammed saww
did not leave behind his vicegerent who would lead his followers after him199. Also if
one believes Ahadith were lost or did not reach us (nouzobillah) but Allah azwj will
Punish us for not acting on Hisazwj Divine Commandments, then who one is blaming
and what one is disputing?
Having established a firm belief that whatever was required by followers of Prophet
of Allahsaww has been revealed in the Book of Allahazwj and Ahadith of Masomeenasws,
we endeavour to cite traditions of Masomeenasws related to the plausible questions
which may arise in this context:

Whatever people need is present in Quran and Traditions?


(1) Abu Abd Allahasws has said the following:
Anything, that will, ever, be required by the people is present in the Book of Allah azwj
and Ahadith (our traditions)200.
(2) I asked from Imam Musa Kazimasws, people say everything is described in Book
of Allahazwj and traditions of Prophetsaww, including those what you narrate to us, Is it

198

Another myth, generally presented while advocating Taqleed-when a Mujtahid is cornered!


As per the fabricated tradition, i.e., both Risalat and Kilafat will not remain in Banu Hashim or We
the group of Prophets do not leave anything behind, whatever is left belongs to followers etc.
200
Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 20, Hadith 4
199

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so? Imamasws replied, indeed, everything is present in the Book of Allah azwj and
traditions of Prophetsaww.201
(3) I heard Imam Jafar-e-Sadiqasws said the following:
I am the son of Prophetsaww and know all about the Book of Allahazwj, more than
anyone among you, it contains all the facts about the previous generations, as well
as, whatever is going to happen until the Day of judgement. It has news about the
skies, about the earth, on the heaven and on the hell, what has passed and what is
still to come. All of it is clearly visible to me, in a similar way, as my palm is in front
of me. As Allahazwj Says, all species are well defined in the Quran.202

Where are those traditions which explain Quran and all issues
related to us?
The Traditions of Masomeenasws are present in various Ahadith books, Al-Kafi, Manla
Yazar alFaqi, Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Al-Mahasen, Al-Basir ul Darjat, AlIbtisar and Tahzib-ul-Ahkam, Sulam ibn Qais Hilali. Some of these books have also
been translated in other languages, i.e., English, Urdu. Most of these books are
available in English and some other languages, some of these are availabe at
www.hubeali.com.

How Can I find an Answer to a matter, without having to spend


enormous time and effort?
We have been asked to act on a single tradition of masoom asws, and not on a fatwa
so we can ask for help from those who have knowledge of Ahadith or can provide a
reference to an applicable Ahadith to the related issue, this was the norm prior to
the taqleed and touzi culture (which gradually started to spread from 680 AH) 203.
Shian-e-Aliasws before the inception of taqleed and still today, memorise, propagate,
preserve and act upon the Ahadith of Masomeen asws through asking for a Hadith or
its reference from those who are well versed in the traditions of Masomeen asws.

How I can extract the true meanings from a translation?


The true meanings and essence of Masoomaswss tradition is important, rather than
putting emphasis on technicalities of Arabic grammar, see for example:

201

Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 20, Hadith 10


Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 20, Hadith 8
203
203
I quote from a famous research work by Allama Baqshi , A shia scholar, without any doubt, who
first used the word Ijtihad in the similar meanings as it is used these days was Allama Hilli (died 676
A.H.), who had a chapter title Bab-al-Ijtihad; (Chapter of Ijtihad) in his book called Kitab al-Ma'rij.
202

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I asked abu Abd Allahasws, When I hear a Hadith from you, l like to narrate it without
any addition or omission but, sometimes, I cannot recall all your words exactly,
Imamasws asked, Do you do it on purpose to create doubts in peoples minds? I
replied, no, I do not (have this intention). Imam asws asked, Do you narrated our
Hadith without any addition or omission in its true meanings and essence? I replied,
yes, I do. Imamasws said " then there is no harm in doing so"204
And
"I asked (Imam) Abu Abd Allahasws, I hear your Hadith and I want to narrate to
others but I do not remember the exact words when describing to others. Imamasws
asked, "Do you do it on purpose?" He said, "No, I do not do it intentionally." The
Imamasws asked, "Do you keep its real meanings?" He said, "Yes, I keep its real
meanings." The Imamasws said, " Then it is appropriate."205

What If I was given a wrong reference to a Hadith?


"Amir-ul-momineenasws said upon presenting our Hadith, you must mention the name
of the person from whom you have originally heard it. Thus, if the Hadith is true then
you will get the reward (for narrating it) but if it is false, then he will be held
responsible for attributing a lie to us.206
Abu Abd Allahasws said, You must write down (Hadith) and spread our knowledge
among your brethren. Upon your death, your children will inherit your books. A time
will come when people will face chaos and they will find no comfort anywhere else
but within these books." 207
"I said to Abu Jafarasws, May Allahazwj take my soul in yourasws service, our shaikhs
have narrated Hadith from Imam Abu Jafarasws and from Imam Abu Abdullahasws and
at that time because of fear Taqeeya, concealment was sever. They concealed their
books and did not narrate Ahadith from them. When they died their books came to
us." Can we narrate those Ahadith? The Imam asws said, "You may narrate from them
because they contain the truth."208

A Question to those who are in taqleed!


How did you find your Mujtahid or who guided you to him? Prophets as could not
select Momin, Prophet Musaass 70 selected Momin turned out to be Munafiq209.

204

Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 17, Hadith 2


Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 17, Hadith 3
206
Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 17, Hadith 7
207
Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 17, Hadith 11
208
Usool-e-Kafi, Chapter 17, Hadith 15
209
Kamal u Deen by Sheikh Sadduk, vol. 2, pg. 441
205

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APPENDIX V:
Hadith on Staying Away from Those who Use Analogy:
()
:) ( :
!

.
Mohammed bin Mohammed AlMufeed heard it from Al-Sadduq from Muhammad bin al-Hasan b. alWaleed, who reported from Muhammad bin al-Hasan al-Saffar, who reported from Ya'qoob bin
Yazeed who from Hammad bin Isa who from Hammad bin Uthman who from Zurarah bin A'ayan who
said:

Imam Abu Ja'far Muhammad bin Aliasws told me: O Zurarah, keep away from those
people who apply analogy in the matters of religion. Surely, they have abandoned
the knowledge of what was assigned to them, and entered into unnecessary hair
splitting matters, which had already been decided for them.
They interpret the (our Ahadith) Al-Akbahar (the way they like) and ascribe lies to
Allahazwj. And as if I see a man from them, who when called from the front, answers
to the one, who is behind him, but when called from the rear, he replies to the one
who is in front of him. They wonder around aimlessly on the earth as well as in the
religion."210

Who will be the Successful Ones in the Hereafter?


It is a Mutifiq ul Allay (accepted by all Muslim sects) that the Holy Prophetsaww said:
Only one out of the seventy three Sects of the Muslim Ummah will actually make it
whilst the other seventy two of them will face destruction.211
Yet, when we speak to any of them, they all claim to be the one on the right
path and so do we. After all we do cling to the Wilayah of our Holy Imam Ali
Ibn Abi Talibasws and the Holy Imamsasws that followed the Prophet of Islamsaww.
Almost all Muslims, Shias in particular claim that they love and submit to Ahl AlBaytasws. How one can find who will be successful in the Hereafter? There are two
more conditions which help in judging ourselves (rather than judging others).
() ( )
(
:) ( :)
.

210
211

AAmali-E-Mufeed Page-51, Bihar Vol-2 Page-308, Wasilu Shia Vol-27 Page-59


Found in most Ahadith books, i.e., See Sulam bin Qais Hillali.

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The Holy Imam Aliasws said: The Holy Prophetsaww said: My nation will divide into
seventy three Sects, only one of which will achieve salvation whilst the rest will be
destroyed. The successful will be the ones who will adhere to your Mastership
(Wilayah) and quote from your knowledge, and they will not act according to
their opinion. They are the ones on the right Path.212
The Noble Hadeeth quite clearly states that we should only quote from the
knowledge of the Holy Imamsasws and not act according to our opinion.
This quite clearly negates the issuance of Fatwa and acting upon them, for
these are opinions based on jurisprudence on the principles of the Sunni Imam
Shafei and are not a quote from the Noble Ahadeeth.

Obligatory Taqleed
: :
:
It is narrated from Mualla ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali who has said that Hammad ibn
Uthman narrated to us from Bashir al-Attar who has said the following:

I heard Imam abu Abd Allahasws saying, We are the people, obedience to whom
is obligatory by the Command of Allahazwj, and the Aimmahasws you follow are
such that peoples responsibility to obey themasws does not cease because of
peoples ignorance and not knowing them.213

Forbidden Taqleed
:) ( :
:
It has been narrated from Abu Mahboob or others from Mathni Al-Hanaat from Abu
Baseer that he said to Abu Jafarasws: We want something from you but cannot find in
the Book or Sunnah, shall we say it as per our judgement? He asws replied: No! If
you get it right you will get no reward for it, and if you get it wrong you will
have ascribed a lie to Allahazwj.214

:
:


212

BIHAR UL ANWAAR VOL 36, H. 198, -12


Al-Kafi, Vol. 1 - H 476, Ch. 8, h3
214
Wasail ul Shia H. 33185
213

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Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Ashari has narrated from Mualla ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali
al-Washsha and a number of our people from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal all from Asim
ibn Humayd from Muhammad ibn Muslim from abu Jafar , recipient of divine supreme covenant, who
has said the following:

Imam Aliasws, recipient of divine supreme covenant, in one of his sermons has said,
O people, mischief begins with following certain desires and obeying certain
man-made rules that are different from the rules and laws of the book of Allah.
In such a case, people yield to other people as a higher authority. If falsehood
had been clear it remained so to the people of Intelligence. If truth had been clearly
distinct differences did not emerge. But (in practical life) people mix certain parts of
truth with a few things from falsehood and present them together. In such case
Satan overwhelms his friends and only those who have previously received
protection from Allahazwj remain safe.215

The Two Weighty Things



The Holy Prophetsaww said: I leave behind for you two weighty things, the Book of
Allahazwj and my Progeny of my Householdasws.216
A non-masoom person can neither be an Itirat nor can ever be from Ahl alByatasws, so upon the completion of Islam, which will, remain valid until the Final Day
of Judgement, is there any role for a Mujtahid?

Course Of Action
(1)

The newly occurring Issues.


Mohammed ibn Mohammed ibn Asim, from Mohammed ibn Yaqoob, who from Ishaq ibn Yaqoob who
said the following:

Tradition from Imam Al-Mahdiasws in a reply to Ishaq ibn Ya'qub: As far as newly
occurring circumstances are concerned, you should refer to the narrators of our
Ahadith, for they are my proof over you and Iasws am Allahazwj's Proof.217

215

Al Kafi, Vol. 1, H 157, Ch. 19, h1


Tafseer Al Qummi Vol 2 P 345
217
Ahtijaj al-Tabrisi, Vol. 2, pg. 469.
216

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(2)

Seeking of knowledge is obligatory.


: ( ) : ( )
.
And from his father from a group from Abu Al Mufazzal from Jafar Bin Muhammad Al Husayni from
asws
asws
Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Al Husayn Bin Zayd bin Ali from Al Ridha
from Ali :

Iasws heard the Messenger of Allahsaww say: Seeking of knowledge is an obligation


on every Muslim. Seek knowledge from its sources (Masomeen asws) and take it from
the People of Ahadith.218

(3)

When a blind leads a blind:

Whoever enters in this religion by a person, he will exit from it by way of a person,
and whoever enters in this by the Book (Holy Quran) and the Sunnah, mountains will
disappear before he does.
: ) ( :
( ) ( :
.)
Amir-ul-Momineenasws said: One who takes his religion from the mouths of men will
be falsified by the (other) men, but the one who takes his religion from the Book and
the Sunnah, the mountains will retreat but not him. And this News has been narrated
from Al-Sadiqasws, from the Amir-ul-Momineenasws.219

(4) Narrate Hadeeth amongst yourselves for they will give you
salvation
( )
. :
And from Abu Abd Allah Al Ashary, from Hisham Bin Al Hakam who has narrated the following from
asws
Abu Al-Hassan Musa Bin Jafar
in a lengthy Hadeeth:

There is no salvation except with obedience, and the obedience with knowledge,
and the knowledge by studying it, and studying it by intellect accompanied by the
belief, and there is no knowledge except from the knowledgeable one asws (sent
down) from Allahazwj.220

218

Wasail ul Shia, H. 33127


Wasail ul Shia, H. 33403
220
Ibid, H. 33096
219

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(5)

The specialist phobia:

It is often said, there are sometime contradictions in Ahadith, there are fabricated
Ahadith, so its best to go to an expert, the Mujtahid. The experts of religion are the
Masomeenasws and their Shias are just students (so no one has the perfect
knowledge) so each student will be judged in the Hereafter as per his ability and
knowledge. So we, the students of Ahl al-Baytasws can share and learn the
knowledge of Ahadith (i.e., which are the fabricated Ahadith to be left aside and
which are the just ones on which one has to act).
: ) (
. : :
And from Ali Bin Ibrahim from Muhammad Bin Isa from Yunus from Jameel who has narrated the
asws
following from Abu Abd Allah :

People are of three types scholar, student, and rubbish. Weasws are the scholars,
and ourasws Shiites are the students, and the rest of the people are worthless.221

(6)

Ones should Strive Hard to Act on the Divine Commands:










Ali ibn Mohammed has narrated from certain person of our people from al-Khashshab, who from alAbbas ibn Amir from Rabi al-Musalli, who from Yahya ibn Zakariaya al-Ansari who has said the
following:

I heard Abu Abd Allahasws say: Whoever loves to have a complete Eman222 must
say: Everything that I say is from the family of Mohammedasws, whatever they
kept secret or made public, whatever has reached me from themasws and that it
has not reached me.223

221

Ibid, H. 33094
Faith, belief
223
Al-Kafi, Vol. 1, H. 1013, Ch. 95, h, 6
222

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