Sei sulla pagina 1di 6

Experimental Design and Measuring Homework 1

Name:

Date:

 1. Students are studying liquids that make bubbles. Which question could be answered by using a ruler? 4. A student puts water in a graduated cylinder and carefully adds two small rocks. A. Which liquid makes bubbles that are the largest? B. Which liquid makes bubbles that are the prettiest? C. Which liquid makes bubbles that are the best smelling? D. Which liquid makes bubbles that are the most interesting? 2. Which tool would best help a student closely observe the smallest living thing in a drop of pond water? What is the volume of the rocks? A. telescope B. binoculars A. 2 mL B. 3 mL C. 5 mL D. 12 mL C. hand lens D. microscope 3. A student is studying the parts of a leaf. Which tool will most help the student count all the veins in the leaf? A. ruler B. balance C. hand lens D. measuring cup

page 1

5.

Maria checked the outside temperature before and after school. According to the thermometers below, how much did the temperature change during the day?

6.

A. It increased by 2 C.

B. It increased by 14 C.

C. It decreased by 2 C.

D. It decreased by 14 C.

According to this graph, the sh that is about 2 meters long is theó

 A. blue sh B. yellowtail C. sword sh D. bluemarlin

7. Use the information below to answer the following question(s).

Sunlight enters a room through an open window. The sunlight shines on the wood table, area rug on the oor, and the plane mirror and metal spoon on the table. A spot of light appears on the wall opposite the window.

Which tool should be used to measure the length of the table?

 A. a balance B. a stopwatch C. a spring scale D. a centimeter ruler

8. Which method should be used to determine the type of popcorn that produces the greatest number of popped kernels?

A. Research articles about di erent ways to heat popcorn to make it pop.

B. Design an experiment that tests multiple types of popcorn using repeated trials.

C. Heat kernels of some types on an electric stove and heat other types on a gas stove.

D. Construct a mathematical equation that compares size and mass of kernels from each type.

9. Study the table below.

Which question is most likely answered using the data in the table?

A. Will eagles and brown bears eat sh?

B. Do eagles and brown bears hunt at the same time?

C. Do brown bears a ect the eagle population in the area?

D.

Is the

number of sh in

the area due to

seasonal changes?

10. Study the table below.

Growth of Bean Plants

 Week Average Height of Plants (cm) Growth Rate (cm/wk) 0 2.2 ó 1 7.9 5.7 2 11.8 3.9 3 15.2 3.4 4 17.7 2.5 5 19.9 2.2 6 21.2 1.3 7 22.1 0.9 8 22.3 0.2

An experiment is performed and the growth rate

of bean plants is calculated.

determined by measuring plant height at the end of each week. Which statement correctly interprets the data?

The growth rate is

A. The growth rate is constant each week.

B. The growth rate is increasing each week.

C. The growth rate is decreasing at the same rate each week.

D. The growth rate is decreasing at a di erent rate each week.

11.

On Monday, students predicted how the temperatures would compare at di erent times of the day. The graph below shows the measurements the students took to test the predictions.

Which prediction is supported by the results in the graph?

A. The temperature will be higher at 12:00 P.M. than at 2:00 P.M.

B. The temperature will be higher at 6:00 P.M. than at 10:00 A.M.

C. The temperature will be higher at 12:00 P.M. than at 6:00 P.M.

D. The temperature will be higher at 10:00 A.M. than at 2:00 P.M.

12. A recent study focused on the color variations of a certain species of mouse living in two neighboring habitats. Habitat 1 is a dark-colored, hardened lava bed, and habitat 2 is desert scrub with light-colored soil located at the edge of the lava bed. The graph shows the percent of dark-colored and light-colored mice captured in each habitat.

Which hypothesis was most likely being tested in this investigation?

A. Individuals of a species always stay in the same environment.

B. Individuals of a species are the same size in any environment.

C. Individuals of a species living in di erent habitats are di erent sizes.

D. Individuals of a species living in di erent habitats have di erent colors of fur.

13. A student will measure and record the growth of two owering plants every other day for 10 days.

According to the diagram, which question is being tested?

A. Do owering plants grow better when watered with salt water?

B. How much fertilizer do owering plants need?

C. Does fertilizer added to the soil lead to taller owering plants?

D. How tall do owering plants grow?

14. The students counted the number of beetles on the trunk of the oak tree. The graph shows the number of beetles counted at di erent heights from the ground.

Woodpeckers eat beetles.

where would woodpeckers nd the most food?

Based on this graph,

 A. 0ñ3 meters B. 3ñ6 meters C. 6ñ9 meters D. 9ñ12 meters

15. A student planted three tomato plants and gave them di erent amounts of water each week.

She wanted to see

how this would a ect the number of tomatoes each plant produced. Her data are shown in the table below.

Tomato Plant Data

 Tomato Plant Water Received per Week (mL) Number of Tomatoes 1 1,000 8 2 800 6 3 600 4

The student needs to make a graph to show her data. Which graph shows correctly labeled axes for these data?

A.

C.

B.

D.

16.

Look at the picture. A student does an experiment with four identical plants. Each plant gets a

di erent color light.

What question can this experiment answer?

A. Which colors of light make up daylight?

B. Which kind of plant grows best in red light?

C. Which color of light is best for growing plants?

D. Which di erent kinds of plants need bright light?

17. Use the picture below to answer the following question.

Sarah put 10 marigold seeds in a pot of sand and 10 marigold seeds in a pot of soil. She then put both pots near a window and watered them with the same amount of water every few days. After three weeks, Sarah measured the height of the marigold seedlings in each pot. What was Sarah probably testing?

A. how light a ects the growth of marigolds

B. which type of marigold grows best

C. whether marigolds grow better in soil or in sand

D. how water a ects the growth of marigolds