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Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)

Nortel GSM BTS S8006


Troubleshooting
Release: V18.0 PC2
Document Revision: 18.02

www.nortel.com

411-9001-085
.

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)


Release: V18.0 PC2
Publication: 411-9001-085
Document release date: 19 January 2010
Copyright 2000-2008 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.
While the information in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable, except as otherwise expressly
agreed to in writing NORTEL PROVIDES THIS DOCUMENT "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF
ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. The information and/or products described in this document are
subject to change without notice.

Nortel, Nortel Networks, the Nortel logo, and the Globemark are trademarks of Nortel Networks.
LEGAL NOTICE
Sourced in Canada, France, and the United States of America
While the information in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable, except otherwise expressly agreed
to in writing NORTEL PROVIDES THIS DOCUMENT "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF ANY
KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. The information and/or products described in this document are subject
to change without notice.
Nortel, the Nortel logo, the Globemark, and S8000 are trademarks of Nortel Networks.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
_ 17+ 18+

All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Contents
New in this release
Features

Introduction

Chapter 1 Manual user guide


1.1 Introduction 11
1.1.1 Corrective maintenance 11
1.1.2 Preventive maintenance 11
1.1.3 Intervention restrictions 12
1.1.4 Personnel and equipment safety

11

12

Chapter 2 Description of the cabinet

17

2.1 Presentation 17
2.2 Composition of the S8006 BTS 17
2.2.1 Introduction 17
2.2.2 Description of an S8006 cabinet 17
2.2.3 Description of the S8006 BTS products 19
2.2.4 Location 19
2.2.5 Cross-reference between the equipment item and the replacement sheets
for the S8006 BTS 23

Chapter 3 Description of a start-up

27

3.1 Introduction 27
3.2 S8006 BTS power supply 27
3.2.1 Power supplies 27
3.2.2 Distribution of power supplies 27
3.2.3 Batteries 27
3.3 S8006 BTS power-on/power-off 33
3.3.1 Power-on procedure 33
3.3.2 Power-off procedure 34
3.4 Start-up phases 35

Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures


4.1 Introduction 41
4.1.1 Presentation 41

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4
4.1.2 Test schedule 42
4.1.3 Replacement schedule 43
4.1.4 Summary of the preventive maintenance schedule 44
4.1.5 Description of a preventive maintenance procedure sheet 45
4.2 On-site checks 46
4.2.1 Preliminary checks before performing preventive maintenance
procedures 46
4.2.2 Final checks after having performed preventive maintenance
procedures 46
4.3 Check at the OMC-R 47
4.3.1 Preliminary checks before performing preventive maintenance
procedures 47
4.3.2 Final checks after having performed preventive maintenance
procedures 47
4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets 48
4.4.1 Test of the AC lightning protector 48
4.4.2 Test of the CMCF board 56
4.4.3 Test of the door gasket 61
4.4.4 Test of the lightning protectors of the 48 V box 66
4.4.5 Lock lubricating 71

Chapter 5 Replacement procedures


5.1 Introduction 73
5.1.1 Presentation 73
5.1.2 Description of a replacement procedure sheet 73
5.1.3 Preliminary operations 74
5.1.4 Tools 74
5.2 Replacement sheets 76
5.2.1 Replacement of a CMCF board 77
5.2.2 Replacement of a CPCMI board 81
5.2.3 Replacement of the RECAL board 85
5.2.4 Replacement of an AC box circuit breaker 88
5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement 98
5.2.6 Replacement of the LNS-DACS control assembly 103
5.2.7 Replacement of the BTS filter 108
5.2.8 Replacement of a LNS-DACS twin blower 110
5.2.9 Replacement of the LNS-DACS gasket 115
5.2.10 Repair or replacement of the door gaskets 118
5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX (or e-DRX) module 131
5.2.12 Replacement of a F-type converter 136
5.2.13 Replacement of the lightning protectors of the 48 V 139
5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier (PA) 141
5.2.15 Replacement of the power supply rack 145
5.2.16 Replacement of a rectifier 154
5.2.17 Replacement of a RF-combiner module (H2D) 157
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5
5.2.18 Replacement of a Rx-splitter 161
5.2.19 Replacement of the AC lightning protector
5.2.20 Replacement of the thermostats 169

165

Chapter 6 LNS-DACS technical manual

173

6.1 Installation 173


6.1.1 Equipment inspection 173
6.1.2 Installation 173
6.1.3 Electrical connections (see label) 174
6.1.4 Filter clog switch connections (see label) 174
6.1.5 Commissioning 175
6.1.6 Other checks 175
6.1.7 Filter clog alarm 175
6.1.8 Air flow failure 175
6.1.9 Damper operation 175
6.1.10 Fan speed 176
6.1.11 Heater circuit failure 176
6.2 Technical aspects 176
6.2.1 Specification 176
6.2.2 Construction 176
6.2.3 Twin blowers 176
6.2.4 Air-directing damper 176
6.2.5 Damper modulating motor 177
6.2.6 Filter clog switch 177
6.2.7 Temperature control elements 177
6.2.8 Heater 178
6.2.9 Heater thermostat 178
6.2.10 Rectifier/capacitor assembly 178
6.2.11 Transformer 178
6.2.12 Connection sockets 178
6.2.13 Printed circuit assembly (PCA) for control and power distribution 178
6.2.14 Alarm LEDs 178
6.3 LNS-DACS operation 179
6.3.1 General principles 179
6.3.2 Specific modes 179
6.3.3 Low temperature 179
6.3.4 Medium temperature 179
6.3.5 Normal temperature 179
6.3.6 High temperature 179
6.3.7 Fan speed control 180
6.3.8 Control and power distribution assembly 180
6.3.9 Power distribution 180
6.3.10 Control power supplies 181
6.3.11 Temperature sensing 181

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6
6.3.12 Ts reference 181
6.3.13 Error amplifier 181
6.3.14 Damper motor drive 181
6.3.15 Heater drive circuit 182
6.3.16 Alarms 182
6.3.17 Critical alarm 1: Heater failure 182
6.3.18 Critical alarm 2: Fan failure 182
6.3.19 Maintenance alarm: Filter clog 183
6.3.20 Controller options 183
6.4 Troubleshooting 183
6.5 Maintenance 185
6.5.1 Cabinet: Examine 185
6.5.2 Modulating motor and linkages: Check
6.5.3 Control Assembly: Examine 186
6.5.4 Connections: Examine 186
6.5.5 Blowers: Examine 186

185

Chapter 7 On-site TIL use


7.1 Introduction 189
7.2 Preliminary actions 190
7.2.1 Actions at the OMC-R 190
7.2.2 On-site actions 190
7.3 Corrective action sheets 191
7.3.1 Alarm: High temperature alarm 191
7.3.2 Alarm: High power alarm 192
7.3.3 Alarm: Power cabinet alarm 193
7.3.4 Alarm: SWVR alarm 194
7.3.5 Alarm: OOL REF alarm 196
7.3.6 Alarm: Asic external link 197
7.3.7 Alarm: OOL alarm 198
7.3.8 Alarm: Automatic level control 199
7.3.9 Alarm: MHD or COM alarm 202
7.3.10 Alarm: Power surge protection 205
7.3.11 Alarm: FH Bus alarm 206
7.4 TX test 207
7.4.1 Introduction 207
7.4.2 TX test procedure 207

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189

New in this release


The following section describe what is new in this release for Nortel GSM
BTS S8006 Troubleshooting (411-9001-085) for V18.0 P&C 2 release.

Features (page 7)

Features
This document contains no feature updates in this release.

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8 New in this release

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Introduction
This document describes the corrective and preventive maintenance
procedures applicable to the S8006 outdoor Base Transceiver Station
(BTS).

Prerequisites
It is recommended that the readers also become familiar with the following
technical documents:

Nortel GSM BSS Documentation roadmap (411-9001-000)

Nortel GSM BTS S8000/S8002/S8003/S8006 Fault Clearing


(411-9001-103)

Nortel GSM BSS Overview (411-9001-001)


Nortel GSM BSS Fault Management - Maintenance Principles
(411-9001-039)

Readers should also refer to the following:

Nortel GSM BSS Fault Clearing - Advanced Maintenance Procedures


(411-9001-105)

Nortel GSM OMC-R Commands Reference Objects and Fault menus


(411-9001-128)

Nortel GSM OMC-R Commands Reference - Configuration,


Performance, and Maintenance menus (411-9001-129)

Nortel GSM OMC-R Commands Reference - Security, Administration,


SMS-CB, and Help menus (411-9001-130)

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10 Introduction

Navigation
This document consists of six chapters.

Chapter 1 Manual user guide (page 11) describes how to use this
maintenance manual.

Chapter 2 Description of the cabinet (page 17) provides a brief


description of the boards and modules contained in S8006 BTSs.

Chapter 3 Description of a start-up (page 27) describes the procedure


for starting up an S8006 BTS and for monitoring the BTS start-up. It
also provides a brief description of the BTS power supply.

Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures (page 41) provides a


guide for maintenance personnel to perform preventive maintenance
for the S8006 BTS. Preventive maintenance allows you to take
mandatory actions at scheduled intervals to decrease the number of
problems that can affect the BTS.

Chapter 5 Replacement procedures (page 73) provides a guide for


maintenance personnel to perform replacement procedures to the
S8006 BTS. Replacement procedures allow you to replace boards and
modules of the BTS. These procedures are applicable:

when an item of equipment is faulty


when an item of equipment has to be replaced according to the
preventive maintenance

Chapter 6 LNS-DACS technical manual (page 173) describes


installation, maintenance and technical description of the DACS.

Chapter 7 On-site TIL use (page 189) presents the actions to


be taken in the case of the fault number 1067 on the DRX or PA
equipment.

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11

Chapter 1 Manual user guide


1.1 Introduction
1.1.1 Corrective maintenance
The network maintenance is based on the graphical supervision of the
network.
It is also based on the identification and the replacement of faulty items of
equipment, using the alarms and the notifications described in Nortel GSM
BSS Fault Management - Maintenance Principles (411-9001-039).
This process is divided into two steps (see Figure 1 "Guide to using the
maintenance manual" (page 14)).

locating and identifying the faulty items of equipment, using information


given in Nortel GSM BTS S8000/S8002/S8003/S8006 Fault Clearing
(411-9001-103).

replacing the faulty items of equipment, using the replacement


procedures given in this manual (see Figure 2 "Corrective maintenance
diagnostic" (page 15)).

When a faulty item of equipment sends an alarm to the OMC-R,


this alarm is identified by a fault number. Nortel GSM BTS
S8000/S8002/S8003/S8006 Fault Clearing (411-9001-103) gives the
procedures associated with the various fault numbers.
When a faulty item of equipment triggers several alarms, Nortel GSM
BSS Fault Clearing - Advanced Maintenance Procedures (411-9001-105)
enables the operator to locate this faulty item of equipment. It also helps
the operator when an abnormal operation occurs in a BTS, a TCU, a BSC,
PCM links, or on BTS entities.

1.1.2 Preventive maintenance


The implementation of the preventive maintenance procedures is the
responsibility of each customer.

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12 Chapter 1 Manual user guide

Preventive maintenance is used to periodically test the items of equipment


that do not directly trigger any alarm at the OMC-R. However, the
execution of these procedures may trigger alarms at the OMC-R.
This process is divided into two steps (see Figure 1 "Guide to using the
maintenance manual" (page 14)):

the test procedures of the items of equipment


the replacement procedures of the items of equipment

All these procedures are described in this manual.

1.1.3 Intervention restrictions


There may be a lapse of time between the identification of the alarm at the
OMC-R and the time the operator responsible for the intervention arrives at
the site.
The operator must be synchronized with the OMC-R (by telephone) before
an on-site intervention, in the following cases:

isolating procedure
intervention because alarms are triggered at the OMC-R
completion of an on-site intervention
return to service procedure

1.1.4 Personnel and equipment safety


1.1.4.1 General personnel safety instructions
The personnel must obey the safety instructions specific to the installation
site:

rules concerning the premises (see instructions posted on site or in


the building)

rules linked to the general personnel safety instructions

The personnel working on the cabinet must be authorized to work


according to the security standards.
The cabinet main external power supply is turned off by opening the circuit
breaker on the operator box.
The mains power supply supplying the cabinet means that no work must
be done on the cabinet internal wiring without first cutting its external
mains power supply.

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1.1 Introduction

13

This BTS has been evaluated under IEEE C95.1 (Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers C95.1) requirements, regarding safety levels with
respect to human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields, 3
kHz to 300 GHz.
The leakage fields and equivalent power densities are orders of magnitude
less than the maximum permissible exposures (MPEs) given in the IEEE
safety guidelines.

1.1.4.2 Equipment safety instructions

The maintenance of an S8002 BTS is possible up to -40C (~ -40F).


The BTS stays operational with the open doors at -10C (~ -14F) during
three hours, and at -40C (~ -40F) during one hour.
In the case of rainy or snowy weather, do not open the cabinet doors
without a tent set up beforehand.

CAUTION
ESDS handling precautions
During every maintenance intervention, and especially when
handling the boards, the operator must wear an antistatic
bracelet.

DANGER
Electric shock
Never replace a power supply when energized.

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14 Chapter 1 Manual user guide


Figure 1
Guide to using the maintenance manual

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1.1 Introduction

Figure 2
Corrective maintenance diagnostic

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16 Chapter 1 Manual user guide

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17

Chapter 2 Description of the cabinet


2.1 Presentation
The description of the cabinet is given for the S8006 outdoor BTS (for
GSM 1800).

2.2 Composition of the S8006 BTS


2.2.1 Introduction
The S8006 BTS contains one outdoor cabinet (no extension or external
cabinet).

2.2.2 Description of an S8006 cabinet


The S8006 cabinet contains two compartments (see Figure 4 "Overview of
an S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 20)):

one main compartment


one top compartment

2.2.2.1 Description of the main compartment


The main compartment of the S8006 cabinet contains, in its maximum
configuration, the following elements (see Figure 5 "Maximum equipment
of an S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21)):

one Compact BCF (CBCF) subsystem that contains the following


elements:

one Compact PCM Interface board (CPCMI)


one Compact Main Common Functions board (CMCF)
one interconnection BCF ICO board
one CBCF interconnection Back Panel module (CBP)

one REmote Control and ALarm board (RECAL)


six TRXs, made up:

six DRXs (or e-DRXs)


six Power Amplifiers (PAs)

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18 Chapter 2 Description of the cabinet

RF-combiner modules that are six H2D RF-combiners, each composed


of:

one duplexer
one LNA-combiner module
one hybrid coupler
one VSWR-combiner module (optional)

one COMbiner InterCOnnection panel (COMICO)


one F-type converter
six reception couplers (Rx-splitters)
one power supply rack that contains the following elements:

five rectifiers
one Power Control Unit (PCU)

one high temperature thermostat located above the CBCF


one low temperature thermostat located under the power supply rack
one single-phase AC box that contains the following elements (see
Figure 6 "AC box of the S8006 BTS" (page 22)):

two supply filters


the main circuit breaker
the climatic system circuit breaker
the rectifier circuit breaker
one AC lightning protector

lightning protection modules (optional):

lightning protection modules type 1:


one 48-V box (lightning protectors)

the BTS filters located in the doors


one SiteFlash cables kit (NTQA79CA) is mandatory when
implementing a satellite ABIS connection. It is used to update the
nominal software of theCBCF, DRX or eDRX modules, allowing the
BTS to synchronize on the network. The kit includes:

one cable dedicated to an eDRX or DRX connection (NTQA3372)


one cable for a CBCF connection (through the CMCF board)
(NTQA3370)

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2.2 Composition of the S8006 BTS

19

2.2.2.2 Description of the top compartment


The top compartment contains one LNS-DACS that mainly includes the
following elements (see Figure 4 "Overview of an S8006 BTS cabinet"
(page 20)):

twin blowers
one air-directing damper
one heater element
one heater thermostat
one transformer
one printed circuit assembly (PCA) for control and power distribution

2.2.3 Description of the S8006 BTS products


The S8006 BTS contains six DRXs (or e-DRXs) in maximum configuration.
Figure 3
Maximum configuration of an S8006 BTS

2.2.4 Location
The equipment is given a number according to its position in the cabinet,
and the type of element (see Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an S8006
BTS cabinet" (page 21)).

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20 Chapter 2 Description of the cabinet


Figure 4
Overview of an S8006 BTS cabinet

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2.2 Composition of the S8006 BTS

Figure 5
Maximum equipment of an S8006 BTS cabinet

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22 Chapter 2 Description of the cabinet

Figure 6
AC box of the S8006 BTS

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2.2 Composition of the S8006 BTS

23

2.2.5 Cross-reference between the equipment item and the replacement


sheets for the S8006 BTS
Table 1
LNS-DACS climatic system in the S8006 BTS
Equipment
type

Equip
ment
number

Location

Test
sheet

Replacement sheet

LNS-DACS

Top compart
ment

5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement


(page 98)

Table 2
DRX (or e-DRX) location in the S8006 BTS
Equipment type
DRX
DRX
DRX
DRX
DRX
DRX

or e-DRX
or e-DRX
or e-DRX
or e-DRX
or e-DRX
or e-DRX

Equip
ment
number

Location

Test
sheet

Replacement sheet

0
1
2
3
4
5

DRX 0
DRX 1
DRX 2
DRX 3
DRX 4
DRX 5

5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX (or


e-DRX) module (page 131)

Table 3
F-type converter location in the S8006 BTS
Equipment type

Equipmen
t number

Location

Test
sheet

Replacement sheet

Converter_F

F power
supply 0

5.2.12 Replacement of a F-type


converter (page 136)

Table 4
LNA-COMBINER location in the S8006 BTS
Equipment type

Equip
ment
number

Location

Test
sheet

Replacement sheet

Combiner_LNA
Combiner_LNA
Combiner_LNA
Combiner_LNA
Combiner_LNA
Combiner_LNA

0
1
2
3
4
5

LNA 0
LNA 1
LNA 2
LNA 3
LNA 4
LNA 5

5.2.17 Replacement of a RF-combiner


module (H2D) (page 157)

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24 Chapter 2 Description of the cabinet


Table 5
Output RX-splitter D location in the S8006 BTS
Equipment type

Equip
ment
number

Location

D_Output_RX_Splitter
D_Output_RX_Splitter
D_Output_RX_Splitter
D_Output_RX_Splitter
D_Output_RX_Splitter
D_Output_RX_Splitter

0
1
2
3
4
5

D_Output_RX_Splitter of DRX 0
D_Output_RX_Splitter of DRX 1
D_Output_RX_Splitter of DRX 2
D_Output_RX_Splitter of DRX 3
D_Output_RX_Splitter of DRX 4
D_Output_RX_Splitter of DRX 5

Test
she
et

Replaceme
nt sheet

5.2.18
Replace
ment of a
Rx-splitter
(page 161)

Tes
t sh
eet

Replaceme
nt sheet

Table 6
Output RX-splitter M location in the S8006 BTS
Equipment type

Equip
ment
number

M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter

0
1
2
3
4
5

Location
M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter
M_Output_RX_Splitter

of DRX 0
of DRX 1
of DRX 2
of DRX 3
of DRX 4
of DRX 5

5.2.18
Replace
ment of a
Rx-splitter
(page 161)

Table 7
PA power amplifier location in the S8006 BTS
Equipment
type

Equipment
number

PA
PA
PA
PA
PA
PA

0
1
2
3
4
5

Location
PA
PA
PA
PA
PA
PA

0
1
2
3
4
5

Test
she
et
-

Replacement sheet
5.2.14 Replacement of a power
amplifier (PA) (page 141)

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2.2 Composition of the S8006 BTS


Table 8
Rectifier location in the S8006 outdoor BTS
Equipment type

Equip
ment
number

Location

Test sh
eet

Replacement sheet

Rectifier

Rectifier 48
V

5.2.16 Replacement of a rectifier


(page 154)

Table 9
VSWR-COMBINER location in the S8000 outdoor BTS (optional)
Equipment type

Equip
ment
number

Combiner_VSWR
Combiner_VSWR
Combiner_VSWR
Combiner_VSWR
Combiner_VSWR
Combiner_VSWR

0
1
2
3
4
5

Location
VSWR
VSWR
VSWR
VSWR
VSWR
VSWR

Test
sheet

0
1
2
3
4
5

Replacement sheet
5.2.17 Replacement of a
RF-combiner module (H2D)
(page 157)

Table 10
CMCF board location in the S8006 BTS
Equipme
nt type

Equip
ment
number

Locat
ion

Test sheet

Replacement sheet

CMCF

CMCF
0

4.4.2 Test of the CMCF


board (page 56)

5.2.1 Replacement of a CMCF


board (page 77)

Table 11
CPCMI board location in the S8006 BTS
Equipme
nt type

Equip
ment
number

Locati
on

Test
sheet

Replacement sheet

CPCMI

CPCMI
0

5.2.2 Replacement of a CPCMI board (page 81)

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26 Chapter 2 Description of the cabinet


Table 12
Recal board location in the S8006 BTS
Equipme
nt type

Equip
ment
number

Locati
on

Test
sheet

Replacement sheet

RECAL

RECAL

5.2.3 Replacement of the RECAL board (page 85)

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27

Chapter 3 Description of a start-up


3.1 Introduction
This chapter contains the procedure for starting up an S8006 BTS. A BTS
start-up is carried out in two steps. Perform them in the following order:

Power on the cabinet (see 3.3 S8006 BTS power-on/power-off (page


33)). As a help, a brief description of the S8006 BTS power supply is
provided in 3.2 S8006 BTS power supply (page 27).

Monitor the start-up phases (see 3.4 Start-up phases (page 35)).

ATTENTION
The GPS synchronization feature must not be activated on the S8006 BTS.

3.2 S8006 BTS power supply


3.2.1 Power supplies
3.2.1.1 F-type converter
The F-type converter supplies the +15 V and -15 V dc required by the
LNA-combiners and the VSWR-combiners.

3.2.2 Distribution of power supplies


3.2.2.1 Mains power supply
Figure 7 "Mains power supply of the S8006 BTS" (page 31) shows the
equipment supplied with the mains power supply.

3.2.2.2 -48 V power supply


Figure 8 "-48 V power supply of the S8006 BTS" (page 32) shows the
equipment supplied with -48 V.

3.2.3 Batteries
The batteries are used to keep the cabinet on after an AC failure.

3.2.3.1 Internal batteries


The internal batteries are located at the bottom of the BTS cabinet.
The battery type is HAWKER CHLORIDE SBS 60 (string of four batteries
12 V dc, in series).

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28 Chapter 3 Description of a start-up

3.2.3.2 External batteries


The external batteries are located in a dedicated cabinet.
This battery cabinet can house two types of batteries: SBS60 (50.8 Ah) or
SBS-C11 (92 Ah) from HAWKER CHLORIDE (up to 4 strings in parallel,
each stack made of four 12 V dc-battery in series).

3.2.3.3 Discharge times of the batteries


The Table 13 "Discharge times of the batteries" (page 28) presents
the discharge times of the internal and external batteries for some
configurations.
Table 13
Discharge times of the batteries

Configu
ration

Internal
batt
eries
(SBS
40)

1 stri
ng

2 strin
gs

3 strin
gs

4 strin
gs

1 stri
ng

2 strin
gs

3 strin
gs

4 strin
gs

O1

2h

2 h 45

6h

9h

14 h

6h

14 h

20 h

24 h

S111

1h

1 h 15

3h

5h

7h

2 h 45

7h

11 h

16 h 30

S222

30 min

45 min

1 h 45

2 h 45

3 h 30

1 h 45

3 h 45

6 h 15

8 h 30

S233

20 min

30 min

1 h 15

2h

2 h 30

1 h 15

2 h 45

4 h 30

6 h 45

External batteries
SBS 60

SBS C11

The Table 16 "Charging times of the batteries" (page 29) presents


the charging times of the internal and external batteries for some
configurations.
However, these charging times depend on the following conditions:

the temperature must be ambient (20C-25C or 68F-77F)

the initial capacity of batteries must be equal to 100%

the outage duration (the time between discharge end and recharge
beginning) must be lower than one week

there must not be any mains power supply cut when charging batteries

the discharge depth must be respected (stopping voltage 42 V)


the batteries must be practically new and correctly maintained in
accordance with the preventive maintenance procedure

the remaining capacity of the batteries (before recharging) must be


more than 20%

the BTS must be in the optimal running conditions

The number of rectifiers in the cabinet must be:

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3.2 S8006 BTS power supply

29

Table 14
Rectifier number in function of the configuration (1/2)
Configuration PA/ePA

O1

S11

S111

S211

S221

S222

S322

S332

500W rectifiers of the


seven-rectifiers type

600W or 680W rectifiers of


the six-rectifiers type

680W rectifiers of the GIPS

Table 15
Rectifier number in function of the configuration (1/2)
Configuration mixed PA/ePA
/ HePA
500W rectifiers of the
seven-rectifiers type

O1

S11

S111

S211

S221

S222

600W or 680W rectifiers of


the six-rectifiers type

680W rectifiers of the GIPS

Table 16
Charging times of the batteries
Internal
batteries
(SBS 40)

1 string

2 strings

3 strings

4 strings

Time needed for 80%


charging rate (*)

1 to 3 h

1,5 to 4 h

2 to 5 h

2,5 to 7 h

3 to 10 h

Time needed for 100%


charging rate (*)

Until 24 h

Until 36 h

Until 48 h

Until 60 h

Until 72 h

External batteries (SBS 60)

(*) These charging times depend on the conditions quoted in 3.2.3.3


Discharge times of the batteries (page 28).

3.2.3.4 Storage of batteries


Storage duration is dependent of the last recharge date.

For new batteries, the duration is calculated from the original charge
date. This date is indicated on a label under the format dd/mm/yy.

For batteries which were already recharged by Nortel, the new


duration is calculated from the last recharge cycle. The date of this
last recharge is manually noted on the label after each maintenance
operation.

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30 Chapter 3 Description of a start-up


Table 17
Storage duration depending of storage temperature
Data only used for HAWKER SBS Battery
Battery Temperature
during storage

20 C

25 C

30 C

35 C

40 C

Maximum Storage
Time

20 mon
ths

15 mon
ths

10 mon
ths

7 mont
hs

5 mont
hs

To secure adequate storage/transportation and guarantee battery long


term performance, only one recharge cycle is allowed in the warehouse.
The discharge depth must be higher than 12.6V before the battery is
recharged otherwise battery may have defects, in which case maintenance
procedure is applicable.

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3.2 S8006 BTS power supply


Figure 7
Mains power supply of the S8006 BTS

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32 Chapter 3 Description of a start-up

Figure 8
-48 V power supply of the S8006 BTS

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3.3 S8006 BTS power-on/power-off 33

3.3 S8006 BTS power-on/power-off


3.3.1 Power-on procedure
The procedure below describes the power-on for the S8006 BTS when it
is completely powered off.
The order in which the power supplies of the cabinet are put into service is
defined in the procedure. This order must be respected.
Step

Action

Switch on the cabinet power supply from the operator box.

ATTENTION
Check that the following elements are OFF: the circuit breakers of
the AC box, the switches located on the rectifiers, the circuit breakers
for PAs Fans DRXs (or e-DRXs) and CBCF, the switch of the F-type
converter, the circuit breakers of the customer AC power supply box.

Put the main breaker in the "I" position.

Put the climatic system circuit breaker in the "I" position.

Listen to the fans starting up.

Check that each fan is operating: place a sheet of paper near


the outlet (blowing way: interior to exterior).

Check that the three LEDs of the LNS-DACS are on (you can
see these LEDs through the window located on the front panel
of the LNS-DACS).

Put the rectifier circuit breaker in the "I" position.

For each rectifier:


a Put the switch of the rectifier in the "I" position.
b Check that the green LED of the rectifier turns on (a short
time after).

On the PCU front panel:


a Check that the five green LEDs (PA, FAN, DRX (or e-DRX),
BCF, ON) are on.
b Check that the red LED (AL, temperature) is off.

10

Put the FAN circuit breaker of the PCU in the "I" position.

11

Check that the low noise is increasing.

12

Put the PA circuit breaker of the PCU the "I" position.

13

Check that the alarm LED located on each PA is red.

14

Put the switch of the F-type converter in the "I" position.

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34 Chapter 3 Description of a start-up

15

Check that the -15 V and +15 V green LEDs of the F-type
converter are on.

16

Put the DRX (or e-DRX) circuit breaker of the PCU in the "I"
position.

17

Check that each DRX (or e-DRX) is powered: the +5V LED
which is located on the front panel of each DRX (or e-DRX) is
illuminated.

DANGER
Electric shock
The BCF circuit breaker powers the CBCF, the
RECAL, and the user compartment (if any). If a 48
V dc module is connected to the user compartment,
it is powered on, so take care while handling the
equipment.

18

Put the BCF circuit breaker of the PCU in the "I" position.

19

Wait for one minute before checking the state of the LEDs on
the boards.
--End--

Check that the BTS starts correctly by monitoring the state of its LEDs
(see 3.4 Start-up phases (page 35)).

3.3.2 Power-off procedure


Step

Action

Put the switch of the F-type converter in the "O" position.

Put the four circuit breakers of the PCU in the "O" position in the
following order:
a the PA circuit breaker
b the FAN circuit breaker
c the DRX (or e-DRX) circuit breaker
d the BCF circuit breaker

Put the switch of each rectifier in the "O" position.

Put the rectifier circuit breaker on the "O" position.

Put the climatic system circuit breaker in the "O" position.

Put the main breaker in the "O" position.

Switch off the cabinet power supply from the operator box.
--End--

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3.4 Start-up phases

35

Check that the BTS starts correctly by monitoring the state of its LEDs
(see 3.4 Start-up phases (page 35)).

3.4 Start-up phases


The S8006 BTS start-up falls into a number of phases, that are
summarized in the following flowcharts (see Figure 9 "Start-up phases
of an S8006 BTS" (page 36)). The LEDs on the front panels of the BTS
boards allow you to follow this start-up (see Figure 10 "States of the LEDs
during start-up phases of a S8006 BTS" (page 39)).
When the state of a btsSiteManager object goes to "unlocked", the BTS
can send spontaneous messages to the controlling BSC (spontaneous
messages indicating the absence of certain items of equipment).
When a site starts up, the BTS does not know the hardware configuration,
necessary for the site definition and chosen by the operator. The choice is
that the BTS does not make alarms active about elements:

that make up the maximum configuration of a site


that are absent from the configuration when the site starts up

This choice requires at the OMC-R:

that the operator displays the hardware configuration of the site after
its start-up

that the operator checks the conformity between the hardware


configuration and the chosen configuration

To do this, perform a "Display" or "Display all" command on the


btsSiteManager object and check that the range value of the
"btsDescription" parameter is correct.

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36 Chapter 3 Description of a start-up


Figure 9
Start-up phases of an S8006 BTS

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3.4 Start-up phases

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38 Chapter 3 Description of a start-up

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3.4 Start-up phases

Figure 10
States of the LEDs during start-up phases of a S8006 BTS

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40 Chapter 3 Description of a start-up

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41

Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance


procedures
4.1 Introduction
4.1.1 Presentation
This chapter contains the preventive maintenance procedures applicable to
the S8006 BTS.
There are two types of procedure:

test procedures, given in this chapter (the structure of a test procedure


is described in 4.1.5 Description of a preventive maintenance
procedure sheet (page 45))

replacement procedures, given in Chapter 5 Replacement procedures


(page 73)

These procedures must be performed following the schedule given below


(twice a year, once a year, or every two years, etc..). Table 24 "Summary
of the preventive maintenance schedule of the S8006 BTS" (page
44) presents a summary of the preventive maintenance schedule.
It is possible to group some procedures, which reduces the intervention
time. The provided intervention time corresponds to the intervention time
for only one item of equipment.

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42 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

4.1.2 Test schedule


The following tables list the items of equipment according to their test
schedule.
Table 18
Tests performed once a year
On-site interv
ention time

Impact of the test


on service

AC lightning
protector

45 minutes

loss of service

4.4.1 Test of the AC lightning


protector (page 48)

LNS-DACS

two hours

loss of service

Chapter 6 LNS-DACS technical


manual (page 173)

Door gasket

30 minutes

none

4.4.3 Test of the door gasket


(page 61)

Lightning
protectors of
the 48-V box
(optional)

20 minutes

loss of the 48-V


service

4.4.4 Test of the lightning protectors


of the 48 V box (page 66)

Lock

5 minutes

none

Figure 22 "View of the 48-V lightning


protectors box of the S8006 BTS"
(page 70)

Equipment

Test sheet

Table 19
Test performed every two years
Equipment
CMCF board of the
CBCF

On-site
intervention
time

Impact of the test


on service

5 minutes

loss of service

Test sheet
4.4.2 Test of the CMCF board
(page 56)

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4.1 Introduction

43

4.1.3 Replacement schedule


The following tables list the items of equipment according to their
replacement schedule.
Table 20
Replacement performed once a year
Equipment
BTS filter*

On-site
intervention
time

Impact of the
replacement on
service

15 minutes

none

Replacement sheet
5.2.7 Replacement of the BTS filter
(page 108)

* means that the replacement of the BTS filter must be performed at least
once a year and varies according to the environment of the BTS.
Table 21
Replacements performed every five years
Equipm
ent

On-site
intervention
time

Impact of the
replacement
on service

LNS-DAC
S gasket

2 hours for
each gasket

loss of service

5.2.9 Replacement of the LNS-DACS


gasket (page 115)

Door gask
et

2 hours

none

5.2.10 Repair or replacement of the door


gaskets (page 118)

Replacement sheet

Table 22
Replacement performed every six years
Equipm
ent

On-site
intervention
time

Impact of the
replacement
on service

Replacement sheet

1h30

loss of service

5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement (page 98)

LNS-DAC
S

Table 23
Replacements performed every ten years
On-site
intervention
time

Impact of the
replacement on
service

AC lightning
protector

15 minutes

loss of service

5.2.19 Replacement of the AC


lightning protector (page 165)

Lightning protector
of the 48-V box
(optional)

30 minutes

loss of the 48-V


service

5.2.13 Replacement of the


lightning protectors of the 48
V (page 139)

4 hours

loss of service

5.2.20 Replacement of the


thermostats (page 169)

Equipment

Thermostats

Replacement sheet

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44 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

4.1.4 Summary of the preventive maintenance schedule


The following tables summarize the preventive maintenance schedule of
the S8006 BTS.
Table 24
Summary of the preventive maintenance schedule of the S8006 BTS
Requir
ed test
schedule

Mandatory
replac
ement
schedule

AC lightning
protector

once a
year

CMCF board of
the CBCF

Test sheet

Replacement
sheet

every
10 years

4.4.1 Test of the AC


lightning protector
(page 48)

5.2.19 Replacement of
the AC lightning protector
(page 165)

every 2
years

4.4.2 Test of the


CMCF board (page
56)

5.2.1 Replacement of a
CMCF board (page 77)

LNS-DACS

once a
year

every
6 years

Chapter 6 LNS-DACS
technical manual
(page 173)

5.2.5 LNS-DACS
replacement (page 98)

BTS Filter

once
a year

5.2.7 Replacement of the


BTS filter (page 108)

LNS-DACS
gasket

every
5 years

5.2.9 Replacement of
the LNS-DACS gasket
(page 115)

Door gasket

once a
year

every
4 years

4.4.3 Test of the door


gasket (page 61)

5.2.10 Repair or
replacement of the door
gaskets (page 118)

Lightning
protector of
the 48-V box
(optional)

once a
year

every
10 years

4.4.4 Test of the


lightning protectors
of the 48 V box
(page 66)

5.2.13 Replacement of the


lightning protectors of the
48 V (page 139)

Locks

once a
year

Figure 22 "View of
the 48-V lightning
protectors box of the
S8006 BTS" (page 70)

every
10 years

5.2.20 Replacement of the


thermostats (page 169)

Equipment

Thermostats

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4.1 Introduction

45

4.1.5 Description of a preventive maintenance procedure sheet


A preventive maintenance procedure sheet is divided into the following
paragraphs:

the title

the figure(s) if necessary

the main body composed of steps explaining how to test an item of


equipment

4.1.5.1 Main body of the procedure sheet


The main body contains the following information:

the product reference

the schedule, which reminds how often the test procedure must be
executed

the intervention time

the range of application, which explains which item of equipment is


concerned by the test procedure

the required tools


the impact of the test procedure:

on the operation of the cabinet


at the OMC-R
on the service

the location of the equipment to be tested


the action, which contains the step-by-step actions of the test
procedure. These actions are summarized in a flowchart presented at
the beginning of the sheet.

4.1.5.2 Figures
The figures are provided to help the operator perform the actions. They
show the item of equipment schematically.

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46 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

4.2 On-site checks


4.2.1 Preliminary checks before performing preventive maintenance
procedures
DANGER
Personal safety rules
Personnel working on the cabinet must be authorized to work
according to the safety standards.

CAUTION
ESDS handling precautions
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing maintenance
procedures, especially when handling board.

WARNING
Rain, Snow or High Humidity Weather Conditions
Make sure that there is no water trapped on the top of the
door gasket prior to opening doors. If water is present, wipe or
sponge off the water to avoid it from entering the BTS.

4.2.2 Final checks after having performed preventive maintenance


procedures
After having performed the preventive maintenance procedures, leave the
premises clean and tidy.

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4.3 Check at the OMC-R

47

4.3 Check at the OMC-R


4.3.1 Preliminary checks before performing preventive maintenance
procedures
Preventive maintenance procedures on equipment can be performed only
when no alarm is present.
Before taking any action, check the equipment status in the "OMC-R
Browser" window at the OMC-R, which provides a means of graphically
monitoring the network.
If the graphical elements are gray, no alarm is active, so the preventive
maintenance can be performed.

4.3.2 Final checks after having performed preventive maintenance


procedures
After performing a preventive maintenance procedure, check that the
network has resumed its correct operation.
The graphical objects must appear without any alarm in the "OMC-R
Browser" browser windows at the OMC-R. The preventive maintenance
procedures are complete.
If there are alarms on the graphical objects concerned, check the condition
of the site using the "Display all" command on the btsSiteManager object:

If the operationalState is "enabled", clear the alarms to complete the


preventive maintenance procedures.

If the operationalState is "disabled", set the btsSiteManager object to


"locked" and then back to "unlocked", and then perform the "Display
hardware information" command of the btsSiteManager object:

If all equipment is operating, clear the active alarms. The


preventive maintenance procedures are complete.

If certain items of equipment have failed, refer to the replacement


procedures.

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48 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets


These sheets are given in the following pages.

4.4.1 Test of the AC lightning protector


Product reference
CPC codes
single-phase AC lightning protector:

A0797207

neutral plug-in module for the AC lightning protectors:

A0773608

phase plug-in module for the AC lightning protectors:

A0773606

Range of application
This procedure applies to the AC lightning protector of the S8006 BTS for
GSM 1800.
Schedule
Perform this test once a year.
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 45 minutes according to the
configuration.
Tools required

Screwdriver
Box-spanner
Adhesive isolate tape
Joslyn tester: Surge Protector Test Set Model 4010-01

Impact of the test on service

DANGER
Electric shock
The test is prohibited during thunderstorm conditions.
The BTS does not remain supplied.

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is lost.

Location
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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets

The AC lightning protector is located in the AC box (see Figure 11


"Location of the AC lightning protector of the S8006 BTS" (page 49)).
Figure 11
Location of the AC lightning protector of the S8006 BTS

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50 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

Figure 12
Flowchart of the test procedure of the AC lightning protector of the S8006 BTS

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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets

51

Procedure
Refer to Figure 12 "Flowchart of the test procedure of the AC lightning
protector of the S8006 BTS" (page 50) for a flowchart of the procedure.
Step

Action

Power off the BTS


Refer to 3.3.2 Power-off procedure (page 34).

Open the AC box


a Disconnect the alarm cable C01 from the AC box and the
rectifier cable.
b Undo the four quarter-turn screws no.4 on the AC box side
and remove the small cover (see Figure 13 "AC box of the
S8006 BTS" (page 53)).
c Disconnect the input AC cable by removing the nuts from the
filters and the nut on the ground connection (see Figure 15
"View of the AC lightning protector of the S8006 BTS" (page
55)).
d Remove the input AC cable gland by unscrewing the large
nut (see Figure 15 "View of the AC lightning protector of the
S8006 BTS" (page 55)).

Perform the visual test of the AC lightning protector


a Check on signs of burns or damage to the case, cover and
terminal blocks.
b Check on signs of burns to the cables.
c Check the state of the indicator of each plug-in module:

If it is white, the lightning protector is correct. Go to step


8.

If it is white and red, the lightning protector is not correct


and the corresponding plug-in module must be changed.
Go to step 8.

If it is red, the lightning protector is not correct and the


corresponding plug-in module must be changed. Go to
step 8.

Perform the electrical test of the AC lightning protector.


Observe the operating instructions for the Joslyn tester.
a Mark and disconnect the two wires (Phase and Neutral) of
the AC lightning protector from the terminal block.
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52 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

b Isolate the two lugs with the adhesive tape.


c Connect the red wire of the tester to the first varistor nut
(black wire).
d Connect the black wire of the tester to the other varistor nut
(white wire).
e Push the test button of the tester. The test value is
maintained on the display until the test button is released.
f

Note the first value.

g Disconnect the red wire of the tester and connect it to the


other varistor nut (the other black wire).
h Push the test button of the tester. The test value is
maintained on the display until the test button is released.
i

Note the second value.

If both values are above 210 V, go to step 5.


If at least one of both values is below 210 V, go to step 7.

Close the AC box


a Install the input AC cable gland and tighten the large nut (see
Figure 15 "View of the AC lightning protector of the S8006
BTS" (page 55)).
b Screw the nuts on the filters an the nut on the ground
connection.
c Connect the two AC lightning protector wires on the terminal
block (see Figure 15 "View of the AC lightning protector of
the S8006 BTS" (page 55)).
d Insert the small cover.
e Tighten the four quarter-turn screws no.4 on the AC box side.
f

Connect the rectifier cable.

g Connect the alarm cable to the AC box.


6

Power on the BTS


a Refer to 3.3.1 Power-on procedure (page 33).
b Go to step 9.

Replace the AC lightning protector


Replace the AC lightning protector according to the replacement
procedure (see 5.2.19 Replacement of the AC lightning
protector (page 165)).

Replace the faulty plug-in module of the AC lightning protector

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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets

Replace the plug-in module according to the replacement


procedure (see 5.2.19 Replacement of the AC lightning
protector (page 165)).
9

The procedure is complete.


--End--

Figure 13
AC box of the S8006 BTS

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54 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

Figure 14
Side covers of the AC box of the S8006 BTS

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Figure 15
View of the AC lightning protector of the S8006 BTS

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56 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

4.4.2 Test of the CMCF board


Product reference
Equipment

PEC codes

CPC codes

CMCF board phase 1

NTQA66CA

A0680711

CMCF board phase 2

NTQA66CB

A0779822

Range of application
This procedure applies to the only part to be verified in the CBCF, the
oscillator of the CMCF board of the S8006 BTS.
Schedule
Perform this test every two years.
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 5 minutes.
Tools required
DC Voltmeter
Impact of the test on service
None.

DANGER
Electric shock
The BTS remains supplied, so take care while handling the
equipment.

The operationalState of the btsSiteManager object is "enabled".


Location
The CMCF board is located in the CBCF subsystem (see Figure 17 "CBCF
module" (page 59)).

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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets


Figure 16
Flowchart of the test procedure of the CBCF module CMCF board

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58 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

Procedure
Refer to Figure 16 "Flowchart of the test procedure of the CBCF module
CMCF board" (page 57) for a flowchart of the procedure.
Step

Action

Open the doors.

Perform the electrical test


This test has to be made on the CMCF board which is running
since at least 30 minutes.
Check the dc voltage between the pin 3 and the pin 5 of the
TEST connector of the CMCF board: plug the positive terminal
of the dc voltmeter to the pin 5 and plug the negative terminal of
the dc voltmeter to the pin 3 (see Figure 18 "CMCF board" (page
60)).

If the voltage is above 9 V or below 1 V, go to step 4.


Otherwise, go to step 3.

Replace the CMCF board


Replace the CMCF board according to the replacement
procedure (see 5.2.1 Replacement of a CMCF board (page
77)).
The CMCF board must be returned to the warehouse for the
oscillator change.

Close the doors


a Close the doors.
b Go to step 5.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets


Figure 17
CBCF module

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60 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

Figure 18
CMCF board

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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets

61

4.4.3 Test of the door gasket


Product reference
CPC codes:
Left door gasket

NTSB01HA / A0824989

Right door gasket

NTSB01GA / A0824987

Door gasket for the LNS-DACS

NTSB01JA / A0824991

EMI gaskets for the bulkhead

R0117841

Range of application
This procedure applies to the door gaskets of the S8006 BTS.
Schedule
Perform this test once a year.
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 30 minutes for each gasket.
Tools required
None
Impact of the test on service
None

DANGER
Electric shock
The BTS remains supplied, so take care while handling the
equipment.

The operationalState of the btsSiteManager object is "enabled".


Location
The door gaskets are located on the doors (see Figure 19 "Location of the
door gaskets of the S8006 BTS" (page 62)).

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62 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures


Figure 19
Location of the door gaskets of the S8006 BTS

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Figure 20
Flowchart of the test procedure of the door gaskets of the S8006 BTS

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64 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

Procedure
Refer to Figure 20 "Flowchart of the test procedure of the door gaskets of
the S8006 BTS" (page 63) for flowchart of the procedure.
Step

Action

Open the doors.

Perform the first visual test


Check the condition of the gaskets all along their length: pinch
each gasket along its length to check its adherence to the metal
frame (which is facing the doors of the BTS).

If the gasket is well stuck, go to step 5.

If there is more than 20 cm of the gasket that does not


adhere to the metal frame, go to step 4.

If there is less than 20 cm of the gasket that does not adhere


to the metal frame, go to step 3.

Repair the gasket length


a Repair the gasket according to the repair procedure (see
5.2.10.1 Repair of the door gaskets (page 118)).
b Go to step 5.

Replace the gasket


a Replace the gasket according to the replacement procedure
(see 5.2.10.2 Replacement of the door gaskets (page 128)
b Go to step 7.

Perform the second visual test


Check the condition of the gasket corners.

If the gasket corners are correct, go to step 7.

If a hole appears when the operator lightly presses his finger


on each side of the pre-cut gasket, go to step 6.

If a hole is visible through one gasket corner (because of a


lack of silicone, or because the gaskets are not aligned or
not properly cut, which prevents a contact between the two
gaskets), go to step 6.

Repair the gasket corner


a Repair the gasket according to the repair procedure (see
5.2.10.1 Repair of the door gaskets (page 118)).
b Go to step 7.
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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets

Close the doors. Go to step 8.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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66 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

4.4.4 Test of the lightning protectors of the 48 V box


Product reference
CPC code: A0681776
Range of application
This procedure applies to the lightning protectors of the 48-V (optional)
Schedule
Perform this test once a year.
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 20 minutes.
Tools required

Flat screwdriver
Box spanner
Joslyn tester: Surge protector Test Set Model 4010-01

Impact of the test on service

DANGER
Electric shock
The BTS remains supplied with the mains power supply, so
take care while handling the equipment. The 48 V box does not
remained supplied.

The operationalState of the btsSiteManager object is "enabled".


Location
The lightning protectors of the 48-V are located under the BTS.

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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets


Figure 21
Flowchart of the test procedure of the 48-V lightning protector of the S8006 BTS

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68 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

Procedure
Refer to Figure 21 "Flowchart of the test procedure of the 48-V lightning
protector of the S8006 BTS" (page 67) for a flow chart of the procedure.
Step

Action

Preliminary operations
These devices are located under the cabinet.
a Access to the 48-V box
b Remove the fuse that protects the 48-V (this fuse is located
on the fuse panel, see Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an
S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21)).
c Open the 48-V box.

Perform the visual test of the 48-V lightning protectors


Check on signs of burns or damage to the case, cover and
terminal blocks.

If there is no damage, go to step 3.


If there is damage, go to step 4.

Perform the electrical test of the 48-V lightning protectors


a Disconnect all the wires connected on the lightning
protectors.
b Connect the red wire of the tester to an input.
c Connect the black wire of the tester to the other input.
d Push the test button (the test value is maintained on the
display until the test button is released).
e Note the value and compare it to the supplier value.

If the value is equal to 68 V +/- 10%, go to step 5.


If the value is not equal to 68 V +/- 10%, go to step 4.

Replace a lightning protector


a Replace the lightning protectors according to the replacement
procedure (see 5.2.13 Replacement of the lightning
protectors of the 48 V (page 139).
b Go to step 5.

Leave the 48-V lightning protectors


a Close the 48-V box.
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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets

b Reinsert the fuse that protects the 48-V (this fuse is located
on the fuse panel, see Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an
S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21)).
c Put the 48-V box back in its place.
d Go to step 6.
6

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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70 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures


Figure 22
View of the 48-V lightning protectors box of the S8006 BTS

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4.4 Preventive maintenance procedure sheets

4.4.5 Lock lubricating


Range of application
This procedure applies to the locks of the S8006 BTS.
Schedule
Perform this procedure once a year.
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 5 minutes.
Tools required
WD-40 oil
Impact of the lubricating on the service
None.

DANGER
Electric shock
The BTS remains supplied, so take care while handling the
equipment.

The operationalState of the btsSiteManager object is "enabled".


Lubricating

Insert the exhaust pipe, delivered with the WD-40 oil, inside the lock
barrel.

Spray the WD-40 oil.


Remove the exhaust pipe from the lock barrel.
Insert the key inside the lock barrel and turn it five times to allow a
good diffusion of the oil.

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72 Chapter 4 Preventive maintenance procedures

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73

Chapter 5 Replacement procedures


5.1 Introduction
5.1.1 Presentation
This chapter contains the replacement procedures applicable to the
S8006 BTS. The operator must refer to the figures to locate the items
of equipment (boards and modules) concerned by the replacement
procedures.
New equipment at OMC-R identify the type of equipment to replace in
case of failure: DRX; PA or ePA or HePA; CMCF phase 1 or CMCF phase
2.
If present in the network, an e-DRX must be replaced by an e-DRX. A
DRX-ND3 must be replaced only by a DRX-ND3. Similarly, an (H)ePA
must be replaced by a (H)ePA, a CMCF phase 1 (resp. type 2) must be
replaced by a CMCF phase 1 (resp. type 2) on duplex S8002 BTS.
Two types of customers may be distinguished:

Customer using HePA/(e)PA mixed cell in concentric cell: a HePA


must be replaced by a HePA and an (e)PA must be replaced by an
(e)PA.

Other customers: an e-DRX or a DRX-ND3 can replace a failing DRX,


an ePA (or a HePA) can replace a PA if the number of the (H)(e)PA in
the BTS respects the HePA supported configurations. A CMCF phase
1 can replace a CMCF phase 2 (and vice versa).

5.1.2 Description of a replacement procedure sheet


A replacement procedure sheet is divided into the following paragraphs:

the title

the figure(s)

four types of operation to be executed to replace an piece of


equipment

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5.1.2.1 Main body of the sheet


The main body contains the following information:

the product reference(s)


the intervention time
the tools required
the location of the piece of equipment to be replaced
the procedure which contains the following steps:

the safety instructions


the preliminary operations, which precede the removal of the piece
of equipment

the removal operations


the reinsertion operations
the additional operations, which include the return to service of the
replaced piece of equipment, and additional on-site checks on the
state of the replaced piece of equipment

5.1.2.2 Figures
The figures are provided as a help for the maintenance operations.

5.1.3 Preliminary operations


Most of the operations on the S8006 BTS cabinet do not require
equipment shutdown.

DANGER
Risk of personal injury
The personnel working on the cabinet must be authorized to
work according to the applicable safety standards. Failure to
follow safety standards can result in serious personal injury or
death.

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing maintenance
procedures, especially when handling boards.

5.1.4 Tools

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Flat and Phillips screwdrivers
Electrician knife

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Wrenches
Wrenches for hexagonal head
Ty-wraps
Crimping tool
Wire stripper
Toolbox
Adhesive tape

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76 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

5.2 Replacement sheets


The replacement sheets are given in the following pages.
The table below gives the numbers of the replacement sheets concerning
each piece of equipment.
Equipment

Replacement sheet

CMCF boards

5.2.1 Replacement of a CMCF board (page 77)

CPCMI boards

5.2.2 Replacement of a CPCMI board (page 81)

RECAL board

5.2.3 Replacement of the RECAL board (page 85)

AC box circuit breakers

5.2.4 Replacement of an AC box circuit breaker


(page 88)

LNS-DACS climatic system


LNS-DACS control assembly
BTS filters

5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement (page 98)


5.2.6 Replacement of the LNS-DACS control
assembly (page 103)
5.2.7 Replacement of the BTS filter (page 108)

LNS-DACS twin blowers

5.2.8 Replacement of a LNS-DACS twin bl


ower (page 110)

LNS-DACS gasket

5.2.9 Replacement of the LNS-DACS gasket (page 115)

Door gaskets

5.2.10 Repair or replacement of the door ga


skets (page 118)

DRX (or e-DRX) modules

5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX (or e-DRX)


module (page 131)

F-type converter

5.2.12 Replacement of a F-type converter (page 136)

Lightning protectors of the 48-V box

5.2.13 Replacement of the lightning protectors


of the 48 V (page 139)

PA modules

5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier (PA)


(page 141)

Power supply rack

5.2.15 Replacement of the power supply rack


(page 145)

Rectifiers

5.2.16 Replacement of a rectifier (page 154)

RF-combiner modules

5.2.17 Replacement of a RF-combiner module


(H2D) (page 157)

Rx-splitters
AC lightning protector
Thermostats

5.2.18 Replacement of a Rx-splitter (page 161)


5.2.19 Replacement of the AC lightning prot
ector (page 165)
5.2.20 Replacement of the thermostats (page 169)

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5.2 Replacement sheets

5.2.1 Replacement of a CMCF board


Product reference
Equipment

PEC codes

CPC codes

CMCF board Type 1

NTQA66CA

A0680711

CMCF board Type 2

NTQA66CB

A0779822

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 10 minutes.
Tools required

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Phillips screwdriver

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Replacement of a CMCF Type 1 by a CMCF Type 2
Perform a lock/unlock command on the transceiverEquipment
object to ensure the coherence of the notifications sent to the
OMC-R.

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is lost.

Location
The CMCF boards are located in the CBCF (see Figure 5 "Maximum
equipment of an S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21)).

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78 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below, especially
when handling boards.

Preliminary operations
Locate the defective board.

Removal of a CMCF board


a Undo the two fixing screws on the front panel of the board
(see Figure 23 "CMCF board" (page 80)).
b Extract the board with the extraction tool and remove it.

Reinsertion of a CMCF board


a Ensure the hardware version number of the element is
correct and coincides with the system release.
b Position the board into the slot guides.
c Tighten the two fixing screws.

Additional operations
Check the state of the LEDs. At start-up, they should turn on,
then take the following states:

"BIST" LED off (on during self-test)


"+5 V" LED on
"RDY" LED on
"OL" LED on
"ABIS" LED off
"RUN" LED off
one of these LEDs on (clock number)
"CLK0"
"CLK1"
"CLK2"

"OVEN" LED on
"LOCKED" LED off
"HLDVR" LED off

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5.2 Replacement sheets

"LNK" LED on
"COL" LED off
"RX" LED off
"TX" LED off

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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80 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures


Figure 23
CMCF board

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5.2 Replacement sheets

5.2.2 Replacement of a CPCMI board


Product reference
Equipment
CPCMI board for GSM 1800

PEC codes

CPC codes

NTQA66BA

A0680710

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 10 minutes.
Tools required

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Phillips screwdriver

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is lost.

Location
The CPCMI boards are located in the CBCF (see Figure 5 "Maximum
equipment of an S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21)).

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82 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
ESDS handling precautions
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operation
Locate the defective board.

Removal of the CPCMI board


a Undo the two fixing screws on the front panel of the board
(see Figure 24 "CPCMI board" (page 84)).
b Extract the board with the extraction tool and remove it.

Reinsertion of a new CPCMI board


a Ensure the hardware version number of the element
according to the current release of the system.
b Check the correctness of the settings of the board (position of
jumpers and switches):

S3 (0,1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) = 120 Ohms or 75 Ohms,


PCM0 or PCM1:
MT0 = "ON" and MT1 = "OFF" ==> No CRC
MT0 = "OFF" and MT1 = "ON" ==> CRC4
LS0 = "OFF", LS1 = "OFF", LS2 = ON" (according to T1
length)
FSDL = "OFF", B8ZS = "OFF", RES = OFF" (default
configuration)

c Position the board into the slot guides.


d Tighten the two fixing screws.
5

Additional operations
Check the state of the LEDs. At start-up, they should turn on,
then take the following states:

"BIST" LED off (on during self-test)


"+5 V" LED on
"RDY" LED on
"SKP" LED off
"LFA" LED off

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5.2 Replacement sheets

83

"NOS" LED off (if the pcm link between the BSC and the BTS
is correct)

"RRA" LED off

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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84 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures


Figure 24
CPCMI board

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5.2 Replacement sheets

5.2.3 Replacement of the RECAL board


Product reference
PEC code: NTQA66DA
CPC code: A0680712
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 15 minutes.
Tools required

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Flat screwdriver
Phillips screwdriver

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Supervision loss
The service is not supervised any more.

Location
The RECAL board is located on Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an
S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21).

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86 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below, especially
when handling boards.

Removal of the RECAL board


a Disconnect the following connectors on the front panel PWR,
EXT NP, INT, PCM, PCM OUT, EXT P (see Figure 25 "Recal
board" (page 87)) and separate them from the board in order
to make the access to the board easier.
b Undo the four fixing screws on the front panel of the board.
c Extract the board with the extraction tool and remove it.

Reinsertion of the new RECAL board


a Position the board into the slot guides.
b Tighten the four fixing screws.
c Reconnect the connectors on the front panel (EXT NP, INT,
PCM, PCM OUT, EXT P, PWR).

Additional operations
Check the state of the LEDs on the board. When powering on,
they should turn on, then take the following states:

"BIST" LED off (on during self-test)


"+5 V" LED on
"RDY" LED on

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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5.2 Replacement sheets


Figure 25
Recal board

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88 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

5.2.4 Replacement of an AC box circuit breaker


Range of application
This procedure applies to the following breakers:

main circuit breaker


rectifier breaker
climatic system breaker

Product reference
CPC codes:
main circuit breaker:

A0773540

climatic system breaker:

A0810978

rectifier breaker:

A0785933

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately one hour.
Tools required

Screwdriver
Wrench

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The cabinet does not remain supplied. The service is lost.

Location
The AC circuit breakers are located in the AC box (see Figure 5 "Maximum
equipment of an S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21)).

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5.2 Replacement sheets

89

Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operation
Power off BTS: refer to 3.3.2 Power-off procedure (page 34)

Removal of an AC box
a Disconnect the alarm cable C01 from the AC box and the
rectifier cable (see Figure 26 "AC box of the S8006 BTS"
(page 92)).
b Undo the four quarter-turn screws no.4 on the AC box side
and remove the small cover.
c Disconnect the input AC cable by removing the nuts from the
filters and the nut on the ground connection (see Figure 27
"Side view of the AC box of the S8006 BTS" (page 93)).
d Remove the gland from the input AC cable gland by
unscrewing the large nut.
e Undo the two securing screws no.1 and no.2 on the AC box
top and on the front panel of the AC box (see Figure 26 "AC
box of the S8006 BTS" (page 92)).
f

Disconnect the ground cable by removing the nut.

g Undo the lug located on top of the small part of the AC box.
h Remove the AC box.
i

Undo all the screws on the left side cover of the AC box (see
Figure 28 "Side covers of the AC box of the S8006 BTS"
(page 94)).

Removal of a circuit breaker


a If a main circuit breaker must be replaced, perform the
following actions.

Locate and disconnect the circuit breaker cables (see


Figure 29 "Main circuit breaker of the AC box of the

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90 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

S8006 BTS" (page 95)) by removing the four nuts at the


back of the circuit breaker.

Remove the two screws on the front of the circuit breaker.


Remove the circuit breaker.

b If a climatic system circuit breaker must be replaced,


perform the following actions.

Locate and disconnect the cables of the climatic system


breaker (see Figure 30 "Climatic system breaker of the AC
box of the S8006 BTS" (page 96)) by removing the four
screws no.1 located at the back of the circuit breaker.

Remove the two screws no.2 located on the front of the


circuit breaker.

Remove the circuit breaker.

c If a rectifier circuit breaker must be replaced, perform the


following actions.

Locate and disconnect the cables of the rectifier circuit


breaker (see Figure 31 "Rectifier circuit breaker of the AC
box of the S8006 BTS" (page 97)) by removing the four or
five screws no.1 located at the back of the circuit breaker.

Remove the two screws no.2 located on the front of the


circuit breaker.

Remove the circuit breaker.

Reinsertion of a circuit breaker


a Connect all the previously marked wires on the new breaker
by tightening the four screws no.1 or nuts at the back of the
breaker.
b Install the breaker.
c Tighten the two securing screws on the breaker front panel.

Reinsertion of an AC box
a Tighten the screws that fasten the side plate of the AC box
(see Figure 28 "Side covers of the AC box of the S8006 BTS"
(page 94)).
b Put the AC box in its place.
c Tighten the two screws no.1 and no.2 (see Figure 26 "AC box
of the S8006 BTS" (page 92)).
d Screw the lug located on top of the small part of the AC box.
e Connect the rectifier cable and the alarm cable.
f

Connect the ground cable by tightening the nut.

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5.2 Replacement sheets

91

g Put back the gland of the AC input cable on by tightening the


large nut.
h Connect the AC input cable to the terminal block by
tightening the screws no.3 and the nut on the ground
connection.

Connect the ground cable to the ground terminal.

Put the small cover back on and tighten the four no.4
quarter-turn screws.

Additional operation
Power on the BTS: Refer to 3.3.1 Power-on procedure (page
33)

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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92 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures


Figure 26
AC box of the S8006 BTS

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 27
Side view of the AC box of the S8006 BTS

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94 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Figure 28
Side covers of the AC box of the S8006 BTS

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 29
Main circuit breaker of the AC box of the S8006 BTS

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96 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Figure 30
Climatic system breaker of the AC box of the S8006 BTS

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 31
Rectifier circuit breaker of the AC box of the S8006 BTS

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98 Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement


Product reference
PEC codes

CPC codes

NTSB30AA

A0804849

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 45 minutes.
Tools required

Flat screwdriver
Wrench for M6 hexagonal head

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is lost.

DANGER
Heavy lifting
A DACS is very heavy ( 25kg).

DANGER
Risk of personal injury
The BTS does not remain supplied with the mains power supply.

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
The personnel working on the cabinet must be authorized to
work according to the security standards.

The operationalState of the btsSiteManager object is "disabled".


Location
The DACS climatic system is located on Figure 24 "CPCMI board" (page
84)

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5.2 Replacement sheets

99

Procedure

Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Open the doors of the cabinet.
b Power off the BTS: Refer to 3.3.2 Power-off procedure
(page 34).

Removal of the LNS-DACS climatic system


a Remove the upright located in front of the LNS-DACS (1
screw at the top of the upright (left hand), 1 screw at the
bottom of the upright (right hand))
b Unscrew and remove the 4 screws that fasten the
LNS-DACS.
c Two air pipes are located at the right hand of the LNS-DACS
(see Figure 32 "S8006 - BTS - Replacement of the
LNS-DACS (1/2)" (page 101) and Figure 33 "S8006 BTS Replacement of the LNS-DACS (2/2)" (page 102)). These
pipes are included in the LNS-DACS spare part. Extract them
carefully from the mechanical frame of the BTS.
d Disconnect the three connectors located on the right side of
the LNS-DACS.

ATTENTION
Two people are necessary to carry the LNS-DACS.

e Take the LNS-DACS by the handles (a handle for each


person) and remove it.
4

Reinsertion of the LNS-DACS climatic system

ATTENTION
The BTS is not powered.

a Place a LNS-DACS nearby.


b Check that the plate of the BTS which supports the
LNS-DACS is clean.

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
The following step is the insertion of the
LNS-DACS in the BTS. During this operation,
take care of the gaskets which are located on the
plate which holds the LNS-DACS.

c Take the LNS-DACS by the handles (a handle for each


person) and insert it carefully in the BTS.
d Tighten the 4 screws that fasten the LNS-DACS on its plate
in the BTS.
e Connect the 3 connectors located on the right side of the
LNS-DACS.
f

Insert the two air pipes in the mechanical frame of the BTS
(see see Figure 32 "S8006 - BTS - Replacement of the
LNS-DACS (1/2)" (page 101) and Figure 33 "S8006 BTS Replacement of the LNS-DACS (2/2)" (page 102)). Attach the
air pipes to the mechanical frame with the ty-wraps.

g Install the upright in front of the LNS-DACS (1 screw at the


top of the upright (left hand), 1 screw at the bottom of the
upright (right hand))
5

Additional operations
a Power on the BTS: Refer to 3.3.1 Power-on procedure
(page 33).
b Check the state of the LEDs of the LNS-DACS. The red,
yellow, and green LEDs are illuminated when the LNS-DACS
is healthy.
c Shut the doors of the cabinet.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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5.2 Replacement sheets


Figure 32
S8006 - BTS - Replacement of the LNS-DACS (1/2)

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Figure 33
S8006 BTS - Replacement of the LNS-DACS (2/2)

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103

5.2.6 Replacement of the LNS-DACS control assembly


Tools required
Flat screwdriver
Location
The DACS control assembly is located in the Low Noise DACS.

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the maintenance
procedure described below.

Product reference
PEC code: NTSB30BA
CPC code: A0805949
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 20 minutes.
Tools required

Flat screwdriver
Allen wrench

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is lost.

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures


Procedure

Step

Action

Safety instructions

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
The BTS does not remain supplied.

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Remove the LNS-DACS (see 5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement
(page 98))

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
Ensure that all power supply cables of the
LNS-DACS are disconnected.

b Unscrew the four screws that fasten the cover of the


LNS-DACS.
c Lift slowly the cover while disconnecting the ground wire
(the ground wire is located inside the LNS-DACS and it is
connected to the cover). Remove the LNS-DACS cover.
d Remove the front access plate of the LNS-DACS.
3

Removal of the LNS-DACS control assembly


a Identify and clearly label all the connectors on the LNS-DACS
control assembly (see Figure 34 "Control assembly of the
LNS-DACS of the S8006 BTS" (page 106)).
b Remove all the connectors from the LNS-DACS control
assembly.
c Lift the LNS-DACS control assembly off from the four plastic
standoffs (by depressing the top end of the standoffs).

Reinsertion of the LNS-DACS control assembly


a Ensure that controller options are set right:

The switch SW1 has three positions (see Figure 34


"Control assembly of the LNS-DACS of the S8006 BTS"
(page 106)):

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5.2 Replacement sheets

105

The first two define the cabinet working temperature.


For 35 degrees C operation, set SW1/1 to OFF and
SW1/2 to ON. For 25 degrees C operation, set both
positions to ON. The choice of cabinet temperature is
site dependant.
The third position over-rides the fan speed control and
constrains the blowers to run always at high-speed.

The header H1 has four positions and is used to define


the high and low fan speeds. For the LNS-DACS, the
shorting links should be in positions 2 and 4.

b Insert the LNS-DACS control assembly on the four plastic


standoffs by pushing the board firmly on the standoffs.
c Insert and connect all the connectors on the LNS-DACS
control assembly (see Figure 35 "Wiring for the LNS-DACS"
(page 107) for the DACS control assembly and "P7"
connectors wiring indications).
5

Additional operations
a Replace the front access plate of the LNS-DACS.
b Connect the ground wire between the LNS-DACS and its
cover and place the cover on the LNS-DACS.
c Tighten the four screws that fasten the cover of the
LNS-DACS.
d Install the LNS-DACS in the cabinet (see 5.2.5 LNS-DACS
replacement (page 98))

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Figure 34
Control assembly of the LNS-DACS of the S8006 BTS

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 35
Wiring for the LNS-DACS

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

5.2.7 Replacement of the BTS filter


Product reference
PEC code: NTSB01FA
CPC code: A0806059
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 15 minutes.
Tools required
Screwdriver
Impact of the replacement on service
None.

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
The BTS remains supplied with the mains power supply.

Location
The BTS filters are located on the doors of the BTS (one BTS filter on
each door).
Procedure

Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operation
Open the doors of the cabinet.

Removal of the filter located on the right door


a Remove the part of the air pipe which is located in front of the
metallic frame of the filter.

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5.2 Replacement sheets

109

b Remove the eight quarter turns that fasten the metallic frame
of the filter.
c Remove the filter.
4

Reinsertion of the filter located on the right door


a Insert a new filter in the metallic frame. Take care to put the
filter in the right way.
b Install this assembly (frame and filter) on the door by
tightening the eight quarter turns.
c Install the air pipe in front of the metallic frame (using the
ty-wraps). Take care to put the end of the air pipe inside the
frame (near the filter).

Removal of the filter located on the left door


a Remove the eight quarter turns that fasten the metallic frame
of the filter.
b Remove the filter.

Reinsertion of the filter located on the left door


a Insert a new filter in the metallic frame. Take care to put the
filter in the right way.
b Install this assembly (frame and filter) on the door by
tightening the eight quarter turns.

Additional operation
Close the doors of the cabinet.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

5.2.8 Replacement of a LNS-DACS twin blower


Tools required
Flat screwdriver
Location
The DACS twin blower is located in the Low Noise DACS.

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the maintenance
procedure described below.

Product reference
PEC code: NTSB30CA
CPC code: A0785387
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 25 minutes.
Tools required

Flat screwdriver
Allen wrench

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is lost.

Location
The DACS twin blowers are located on Figure 37 "LNS-DACS twin blowers
of the S8006 BTS" (page 114).

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111

Procedure

Step

Action

Safety instructions

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
The BTS does not remain supplied.

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Remove the LNS-DACS (see 5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement
(page 98))

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
Ensure that all power supply cables of the
LNS-DACS are disconnected.

b Unscrew the four screws that fasten the cover of the


LNS-DACS.
c Lift slowly the cover while disconnecting the ground wire
(the ground wire is located inside the LNS-DACS and it is
connected to the cover). Remove the LNS-DACS cover.
d Remove the front access plate.
3

Removal of a LNS-DACS twin blower


a Unscrew the four screws which fix the bracket to the base
sheetmetal.
b Remove the cover from the plastic wire tray, by lifting up and
pulling the cover top out.
c Remove the connector labeled "P4B" for the right blower or
the connector labeled "P4A" for the left blower (see Figure 36
"Wiring of the blowers" (page 113)).
d Remove the blower.

Reinsertion of a LNS-DACS twin blower


a Insert the twin blower.
b Tighten the four screws that fix the bracket to the base
sheetmetal.
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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

c Connect the connector labeled "P4B" to the right blower or


the connector labeled "P4A" to the left blower (see Figure 36
"Wiring of the blowers" (page 113)).
d Ensure that any extra wire is located inside the trunking
(away from the moving parts of the LNS-DACS, i.e. the
damper).
e Insert the cover on the plastic wire tray.
5

Additional operations
a Replace the front access plate.
b Connect the ground wire between the LNS-DACS and its
cover and place the cover on the LNS-DACS.
c Tighten the four screws that fasten the cover of the
LNS-DACS.
d Install the LNS-DACS in the cabinet (see 5.2.5 LNS-DACS
replacement (page 98))

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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5.2 Replacement sheets


Figure 36
Wiring of the blowers

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Figure 37
LNS-DACS twin blowers of the S8006 BTS

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115

5.2.9 Replacement of the LNS-DACS gasket


Product reference
CPC codes:

gasket between the cabinet and the LNS-DACS

P0875234

LNS-DACS environmental gasket

R0117842

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately two hours per gasket.
Tools required

Lint free cloth


Solvents MEK or Acetone IPA
Knife
Quick set adhesive Permabond 105
Roller hand 3/4 wide 60 durometer
Rubber gloves talcum free
Safety glasses

Impact of the replacement on service

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
The BTS does not remain supplied with the mains power supply.

The operationalState of the btsSiteManager object is "enabled".


Location
The LNS-DACS gaskets are located between the cabinet and the
LNS-DACS.

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operation
Remove the LNS-DACS (see 5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement
(page 98)).

Removal of a gasket
a Remove the old gasket from the aluminium surface.

DANGER
Risk of personal injury
Wear gloves and safety glasses for protection
against ejection.

b Clean the surface as follows:


1. Use a lint free cloth applicator moistened with solvents
MEK or Acetone IPA to wash the aluminium surface until
the pressure sensitive adhesive is removed.
2. Continue cleaning until all the traces of the pressure
sensitive adhesive and the film residue are removed.
3. Let the surface dry for five minutes at ambient
temperature.
c Determine the length of the gasket required and cut it with a
knife to the size with a 45 angle at each extremity.
4

Reinsertion of a gasket
a Remove the release liner three to four inches at a time.
b Put the gasket adhesive in place by pressing firmly on the
surface.
c Roll the gasket with a moderate pressure to glue it with a
rubber roller 3/4 wide.
d Repeat the last operation this time with enough force to
collapse the D portion of the gasket. This pressure will
ensure a full contact of the pressure sensitive adhesive to the
aluminium surface.

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117

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Ensure the alignment of the roller to the top of the
gasket surface. This rolling of the gasket shall be
done at least two times on the entire length of the
gasket.

e Achieve a full adhesive strength of the bond within 12 hours.


f

Join the corners by using a quick set adhesive (Permabond


105).

g Inspect visually if the unbounded areas of the gasket are


remaining.
5

Additional operation
Reinstall the LNS-DACS (see 5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement
(page 98)).

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

5.2.10 Repair or replacement of the door gaskets


5.2.10.1 Repair of the door gaskets
Tools required

Tube of silicone, reference LOCTITE AS310 or equivalent, provided


with a 2-3 mm diameter injector and a mastic gun

Tube of glue, reference LOCTITE 454 or equivalent


Anti-stick agent, reference LOCTITE DM4 or equivalent
Solvents MEK or Acetone IPA
Roller (supplier: Grolleau, reference 0985A)

Impact of the replacement on service


None.

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
The BTS remains supplied.

Location
The door gaskets are located on the doors of the cabinet.

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119

Procedure
Gasket length (procedure applicable on site and in the warehouse)

Step

Action

Inject a spot of glue LOCTITE 454 on the gasket about every 2


cm.

Put the gasket in place and press on each spot of glue with your
finger for at least ten seconds.

Use the roller all along the gasket length.

Close the doors.


--End--

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures


Gasket corners (procedure applicable in the warehouse)

Step

Action

Inject the LOCTITE AS310 silicone or an equivalent, with a 2 - 3


mm diameter injector and a mastic gun, in the corner hole. Do
not damage the gaskets and do not increase the hole diameter.

Apply a light pressure on the corner to avoid the concentration of


a thick silicone layer and to have the silicone excess overflowed
(inward and outward side).

Check that there is no hole left.

Remove the silicone overflow with a clean rag (if possible, try to
avoid contact with the skin).

Avoid spreading the silicone on the gasket outer surface. There


must not be any remaining mark of silicone beyond a 5 mm width
on both sides of the 455 cut of the gasket (see Figure 38 "View
of the door gaskets" (page 122)).

Exceptional case:

If there is no contact between the two gaskets, pour some


silicone with the injector on the two gaskets (see Figure 39
"Silicone deposit at a door gasket corner" (page 123)).

Then, with the finger, press lightly on the gaskets towards


the gap, r, to concentrate the silicone in the gap. This action
allows not to have a silicone excess inside the gasket.

Repeat for each of the other seven gasket corners.

Apply a light pressure on each repaired corner, and check that


the silicone does not overflow anymore. Place your fingers on
the gasket to check that the silicone is quite dry and does not
tend to stick.

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
If the silicone (on the corners) is not completely dry
when closing the doors, it can stick to the opposite
metal frame of the door. So, when opening the
doors the next time, the gaskets may be damaged
irremediably.

--End--

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121

Gasket corners (procedure applicable on site)

Step

Action

In the case of an in-warehouse retrofit, it is recommended to


perform the above procedure even if the below procedure is
applicable.

ATTENTION
If the corner join between the vertical and horizontal gaskets is not
completely closed, it is not a problem, as the silicone barrier ensures
complete impermeability.

Apply the anti-stick agent LOCTITE DM4 (or an equivalent) to


the inner skin of the door in front of the damaged corner. Cover
an area of 20 mm square (see Figure 40 "Front view of an inner
corner of a door" (page 124)).

Apply a line of a LOCTITE AS310 silicone or an equivalent along


the edge of the gasket :

For the corners located on the side of the cabinet, apply


a silicone line along the top and side edge of the gasket
extending 10 mm in both directions from the corner (see
Figure 41 "Front view of a door gasket corner" (page
125) and Figure 42 "Side view of a door gasket corner" (page
126)).

For the corner located in the middle of the cabinet, apply a


silicone line only along the top edge of the gasket extending
10 mm in both directions from the center of the door axis (see
Figure 42 "Side view of a door gasket corner" (page 126) and
Figure 43 "Front view of two door gaskets" (page 127)).

Close the doors.


--End--

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Figure 38
View of the door gaskets

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 39
Silicone deposit at a door gasket corner

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Figure 40
Front view of an inner corner of a door

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 41
Front view of a door gasket corner

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Figure 42
Side view of a door gasket corner

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 43
Front view of two door gaskets

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5.2.10.2 Replacement of the door gaskets


Product reference
CPC codes:
Left door gasket

NTSB01HA / A0824989

Right door gasket

NTSB01GA / A0824987

Door gasket for the LNS-DACS

NTSB01JA / A0824991

Tools required

Clean lint free cloths


Non-metallic low abrasive pad
Gasket PSA roller (Chomerics Ref. C589R1, Grolleau Ref. 0985A)
Rubber gloves (Talcum free)
One of the following : 3M Natural Cleaner, Acetone, or MEK
Wooden Tongue Depressor or Equivalent
Distilled water
90% or higher concentration alcohol
Flat and Phillips head screwdriver

Impact of the replacement on service


None

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
The BTS remains supplied with the mains power supply, so take
care while handling the equipment.

The operationalState of the btsSiteManager object is "enabled.


Location
The door gaskets are located on the doors of the cabinet.
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately two hours.

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Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operation
If not done yet, open the doors.

Gasket removal

ATTENTION
In all of the following procedures, it is important that the Alodine or
gold colored Chromate conversion coating is not removed from the
aluminum surfaces.

a Pull out the grounding cables from the Fast-on lugs near the
top hinge side of the doors.
b Remove the two door stay bars by removing the screw and
the retaining piece from the door end of the bars.
c Peel off the existing two door gaskets, either from the doors
or the cabinet.

DANGER
Risk of personal injury
Observe the instructions and precautions for the
above products, as they may be hazardous to
your health.

d Use 3M Natural Cleaner, Acetone, or MEK, and a cloth or


non-metallic low abrasive pad to remove all PSA residue
which remains on the surface. Ensure that the gold Chromate
plating is not removed. Repeat as necessary.
e Any excess silicone which remains on the door or cabinet
surface should be peeled off, or scraped off carefully with a
wooden tongue depressor or equivalent. DO NOT REMOVE
the silicone used to fill the gaps between the different
sections of the cabinet.
f
4

Wash with distilled water and dry with a clean lint free cloth.

Gasket preparation
The new gaskets will be applied to the doors, regardless of
where they were mounted previously. They mount on the gold

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

colored aluminum panels riveted to the doors, hereafter referred


to as door panels.
NTSB01HA is installed on the left door (as viewed from the
front) so that it is flush with the top, left, and right edges of the
door panel. NTSB01GA is installed on the right door in the
same manner. NTSB01JA is installed on the door in front of the
LNS-DACS.
5

Gasket application
a Put on talcum free rubber gloves.
b On each door panel, clean an area approximately 75 mm
wide from each edge with Acetone, MEK, or alcohol and
dry with a clean lint free cloth. Allow the surface to dry
completely.
c DO NOT TOUCH this surface with bare hands since the oil
from the skin will have a detrimental effect on the adhesion
of the new gasket.
d Remove 75-100 mm of the protective backing from the PSA
at a time. Start in the upper non-hinge corner of the panel,
and press down on the gasket to tack it in place, as you work
around the perimeter. AVOID any finger contact with the
adhesive.
e Ensure the strip is in correct position, then press down firmly
to ensure a good mechanical bond over the contact surface.
Avoid repositioning, since it will hamper the effectiveness of
the adhesive and may bend or kink the strip.
f

Use the gasket roller with moderate pressure to further tack


the gasket in place. Repeat with enough force to collapse the
gasket.

g Reinstall the door stay bars to the doors.


h Reconnect the grounding lugs to the doors.
6

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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5.2 Replacement sheets

131

5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX (or e-DRX) module


Product reference
Equipment

PEC codes

CPC codes

DRX module for GSM 1800-108dBm

NTQA01HA

A0666904

DRX module for GSM 1800-110dBm

NTQA01KA

A0679760

DRX module for GSM 1800 (new


design)

NTQA01LA

A0723996

e-DRX for GSM 1800

NTQA88DA

A0797868

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 20 minutes.
Tools required

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Phillips screwdriver
8-mm SMA torque wrench

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Replacement of a DRX by an eDRX
A lock/unlock TRX must be performed to ensure the coherence
of the notifications sent to the OMC-R.

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is reduced: in fact, the service is lost for the calls
depending on the faulty DRX (or e-DRX). There is no impact on
the service in case of redundant DRXs or eDRXs.
The service is lost in the case of a configuration O1.

Location
The DRX (or e-DRX) modules are located on Figure 5 "Maximum
equipment of an S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21)

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Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Locate the defective module.
b If it has not done yet, set the transceiverEquipment object
associated with the faulty DRX (or e-DRX) to "locked" at the
OMC-R.
c Disconnect the coaxial cables and the connectors on the front
panel (PWR, FH-PCM, TX, RXM, RXD). Disconnect the PWR
power lead first (cable on the DRX INTERCO panel first, then
on the DRX (or e-DRX)).
d In the case of the left DRX (or e-DRX), cut the "Rilsan" ties.

Removal of a DRX (or e-DRX) module


a Undo the four fixing screws on the front panel of the DRX (or
e-DRX) module.
b Extract the DRX (or e-DRX) with the extraction tool and
remove it.

Reinsertion of a DRX (or e-DRX) module


a Check the hardware version number of the DRX (or
e-DRX), identified by its PEC code, is compatible with the
sWVersionRunning parameter on the transceiverEquipment
object at the OMC-R. DO NOT TRY to put the DRX (or
e-DRX) into service if that condition is not fulfilled.

CAUTION
Working instructions
Check Check that the software version of the
DRX (or e-DRX) is compatible with the COAM.

b Insert the DRX (or e-DRX) into the cabinet with the extraction
tool.
c Tighten the four fixing screws (see Figure 44 " DRX module"
(page 134) and Figure 45 "e-DRX module" (page 135)).
5

Additional operations
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a Reconnect the coaxial cables and the connectors on the front


panel.

CAUTION
Working instructions
Connect the cables imperatively in the given
order.

CAUTION
Tightening torques
The tightening torque of the terminals (TX, RXD,
RXM) must be 0.7 N-m 0.1. Use the 8-mm
SMA torque wrench.

b Connect the following cables: FH-PCM, TX, RXM, RXD,


PWR.
c Reconnect the PWR power lead part (cable on the DRX (or
e-DRX) final, then on the DRX INTERCO panel).
d In the case of the left DRX (or e-DRX), attach the cables with
"Rilsan" ties.
e Set the transceiverEquipment object to "unlocked" at the
OMC-R.
f

Check that the DRX (or e-DRX) is up on the MMI and that no
unexpected notification has appeared during the maintenance
action.

g Check the state of the LEDs. They should turn on, then take
the following states:

"5 V" LED on


"RES1" LED off
"AMNU" LED off
"BDT" LED off
"LI" LED off
"TX" LED off
"ALA" LED off
"DRX (or e-DRX)" LED on
"SPU" LED off
"TX" LED off
"CL" LED off
"RX" LED off

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

The procedure is complete.


--End--

Figure 44
DRX module

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 45
e-DRX module

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

5.2.12 Replacement of a F-type converter


Product reference
PEC code: NTQA57AA
CPC code: A0651999
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 10 minutes.
Tools required

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Flat screwdriver
Phillips screwdriver

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is lost.

Location
The F-type converter is located on Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an
S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21)

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137

Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Locate the defective module.
b Put the switch of the F-type converter in the "O" position.

Removal of a F-type converter


a Disconnect all the cables on the front panel of the F-type
converter.
b Undo the four fixing screws on the front panel of the F-type
converter (see Figure 46 "F-type converter" (page 138)).
c Extract the F-type converter with the extraction tool and
remove it.

Reinsertion of a F-type converter


a Insert the F-type converter into the cabinet.
b Tighten the four fixing screws.
c Reconnect all the cables.

Additional operation
Put the switch of the F-type converter in the "I" position.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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Figure 46
F-type converter

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5.2 Replacement sheets

5.2.13 Replacement of the lightning protectors of the 48 V


Product reference
CPC code: A0681776
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 30 minutes.
Tools required

Two flat screwdrivers


One tubular socket wrench size 6
One screwdriver for recessed-head screws

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The 48-V service is lost.

DANGER
Electric shock
The BTS remains supplied, so take care while handling the
equipment.

The operationalState of the btsSiteManager object is "enabled".


Location
The lightning protectors of the 48-V are located under the cabinet.

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Access to the 48-V box (this box is located under the
cabinet).
b Remove the 48-V fuse (this fuse is located in the fuse panel,
see Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an S8006 BTS cabinet"
(page 21)).
c Open the 48-V box.

Removal of a lightning protector


a Disconnect the two wires of a lightning protector and mark
them.
b

Undo the ground nut.

c Remove a lightning protector.


4

Reinsertion of a lightning protector


a Insert a new lightning protector.
b

Tighten the ground nut.

c Reconnect the two wires, following the marks made on them


beforehand.
5

Additional operations
a Close the 48-V box.
b Put the 48-V fuse back in its place.
c

Put the 48-V box back in its place.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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5.2 Replacement sheets

141

5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier (PA)


Product reference
Equipment

PEC codes

CPC codes

PA for GSM 1800

NTQA50FA

A0875359

PA for GSM 1800

NTQA50HA

A0655060

PA for GSM 1800

NTQA50HB

A0800541

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 15 minutes.
Tools required

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Flat screwdriver
Phillips screwdriver
0.7N-m 0.1 SMA torque wrench
1.5N-m 0.1 N torque wrench

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Replacment of a (H)(e)PA
A lock/unlock or a reset TRX must be made to ensure the
coherence of the control of the number of HePA and PA in the
BTS.

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is reduced: in fact, the service is lost for the calls of
the faulty PA.
The service is lost in the case of a configuration O1.

Location
The power amplifiers are located on Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an
S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21).

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Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Locate the defective module.
b

If it has not done yet, set the transceiverEquipment object


associated with the faulty DRX (or e-DRX) to "locked" at the
OMC-R.

Disconnect, imperatively in the following order, the coaxial


cables and the connectors on the front panel:
1. the "POWER IN" power lead (cable on the PA INTERCO
panel first, then the PA)
2. then the "DATA I/0", "RF IN", "RF OUT" cables and
connectors

Removal a power amplifier


a Undo the four fixing screws on the front panel of the power
amplifier (see Figure 47 "Power amplifier" (page 144)).
b

Extract the power amplifier with the extraction tool and


remove it.

Reinsertion of a power amplifier


a Check the hardware version number of the element according
to the current release of the system.
b Before putting the power amplifier in place, check that the dc
power cable is above the PCM link.
c Insert the power amplifier into the cabinet.
d Tighten the four fixing screws.

Additional operations
a Reconnect, imperatively in the following order, the coaxial
cables and the connectors on the front panel:

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1. the "DATA I/O", "RF IN", "RF OUT" cables and


connectors
2. and last, the "POWER IN" power lead (cable on the PA
first, then on the PA INTERCO panel)

CAUTION
Tightening torques
The tightening torque of the terminal "RF IN" must
be 0.7 N-m 0.1. Use the 8-mm SMA torque
wrench.
The tightening torque of the terminal "RF OUT"
must be 1.5 N-m 0.1. Use the 19-mm N torque
wrench.

b Reset the corresponding DRX (or e-DRX) with its reset button
(see Figure 44 " DRX module" (page 134))
c Set the transceiverEquipment object to "unlocked" at the
OMC-R.
6

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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Figure 47
Power amplifier

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5.2 Replacement sheets

5.2.15 Replacement of the power supply rack


Product reference
PEC code: NTQA9101
CPC code: A0651996
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 3 hours.
Tools required

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Flat screwdriver

Impact of the replacement on service

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
The BTS does not remain supplied.

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is lost.

Location
The power supply rack is located in the power system compartment on
Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21).

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operation
Power off the BTS: Refer to 3.3.2 Power-off procedure (page
34).

Removal of the power supply rack


a Disconnect the rectifier cable from the AC box.
b Remove each rectifier as described in 5.2.16 Replacement
of a rectifier (page 154).
c Disconnect the ground cable.
d Unscrew the two fixing screws no.1 (see Figure 50 "S8006
BTS - Power supply rack (type 1)" (page 150) and Figure 51
"S8006 BTS - Power supply rack (type 2)" (page 151)).
e Unscrew the fixing screw for the cable "Probe 2".
f

Unscrew the six fixing screws no.2 on the fuse panel.

g Remove the fuse panel.


h From the top of the power supply rack, disconnect the eight
cables of the PCU, taking care to mark them (see Figure
52 "Top view of the PCU of the S8006 BTS (type 1)" (page
152) and Figure 53 "Top view of the PCU of the S8006 BTS
(type 2)" (page 153)).
i

Unscrew the eight screws, fixing the cables.

Unscrew the four screws of the Rx-splitter panel and pull it


lightly.

k Disconnect the two D-sub connectors.


l

Unscrew the four fixing screws of the power supply rack.

m Remove the two fillers.


n Disconnect the Abis board.
o Remove the power supply rack.
4

Reinsertion of the power supply rack


a Insert the power supply rack in the cabinet.
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b Put the fillers in their place.


c Screw the four fixing screws of the power supply rack.
d Connect the Abis board.
e Connect the two D-sub connectors.
f

Screw the four screws of the Rx-splitter panel.

g Reinsert the DRX (or e-DRX)s as described in 5.2.11


Replacement of a DRX (or e-DRX) module (page 131).
h Insert the fuse panel.
i

Tighten the six fixing screws no.2.

Screw the ground cable.

k Reconnect the cable "Probe 2".


l

Insert all the rectifiers.

m Reconnect the rectifier cable on the AC box.


5

Additional operation
Power on the BTS: Refer to 3.3.1 Power-on procedure (page
33).

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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Figure 48
Power supply rack of the S8006 BTS (type 1)

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 49
Power supply rack of the S8006 BTS (type 2)

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Figure 50
S8006 BTS - Power supply rack (type 1)

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 51
S8006 BTS - Power supply rack (type 2)

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Figure 52
Top view of the PCU of the S8006 BTS (type 1)

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5.2 Replacement sheets

Figure 53
Top view of the PCU of the S8006 BTS (type 2)

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

5.2.16 Replacement of a rectifier


Product reference
PEC code: NTQA91AA
CPC code: A0651991
Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 5 minutes.
Tools required

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Flat screwdriver

Impact of the replacement on service


None.
Location
The rectifiers are located in the power system compartment on (see Figure
5 "Maximum equipment of an S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21)).
Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operation
On the front panel of the failed rectifier, put the switch of the
faulty rectifier in the "O" position.

Removal of a rectifier
a Undo the four fixing screws on the front panel of the rectifier
(see Figure 54 " Rectifier of the S8006 BTS" (page 156)).
b Extract the rectifier with the extraction tool and remove it.

Reinsertion of a rectifier
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a Insert the rectifier with its switch in "O" position, into the
cabinet and put it in place by pushing on the top and bottom
edges.
b Tighten the four fixing screws.
5

Additional operation
Put the switch of the rectifier in the "I" position.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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Figure 54
Rectifier of the S8006 BTS

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157

5.2.17 Replacement of a RF-combiner module (H2D)


Product reference
Equipment

PEC codes

1800 RF-Combiner Module H2D LNA:


without VSWR

NTQA51HA

with VSWR

NTQA51JA

without VSWR

NTQA55JA

with VSWR

NTQA55KA

1800 RF-Combiner Module 2H2D_2SPT 1x4


(Outdoor)

NTDS33BB

1800 RF-Combiner Module 2H2D_2SPT 1x4


(Indoor)

NTDS33FB

1800 RF-Combiner Module 2H2D_2SPT 1x4 w/


VSWR (Outdoor)

NTQA82JB

1800 RF-Combiner Module 2H2D_2SPT 1x4 w/


VSWR (Indoor)

NTQA82JN

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 15 minutes.
Tools required

Extraction tool P0850747 (inside the cabinet door)


Phillips screwdriver
7/16" torque wrench
8-mm SMA torque wrench
19-mm N torque wrench

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is reduced: in fact, the service is lost for the calls of
the faulty RF-combiners.

Location
The RF-combiners modules are located on Figure 5 "Maximum equipment
of an S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21).

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Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Locate the defective module.
b Before disconnecting the cables, take care to mark them.
c Disconnect the following cables on the front panel:

CAUTION
Working instructions
The connections of the other RF-combiners can
hamper the disconnection of the cables.

the power cable (Pwr/Alarm VSWR)


the coaxial cables (PA in, Int_0, Antenna)

Removal of a RF-combiner module


a Undo the four fixing screws on the front panel (see Figure 55
"RF-combiner (H2D)" (page 160)).
b Extract the module with the extraction tool and remove it.

Reinsertion of a RF-combiner module


a Check the hardware version number of the element according
to the current release of the system.
b Insert the RF-combiner module into the cabinet.
c Tighten the four fixing screws.

Additional operations
a Reconnect the coaxial cables.

CAUTION
Working instructions
Connect the cables imperatively in the given
order.

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CAUTION
Tightening torques
The tightening torque of the terminal "Antenna"
must be 25 N-m -0.1/+0.2. Use the 7/16" torque
wrench.
The tightening torque of the terminals "Int_0",
"Int_1", "Ext_0" and Ext_1 must be 0.7 N-m +
0.1. Use the 8-mm SMA torque wrench.
The tightening torque of the terminal "TX_in" of
the duplexer, of the terminals "PA in" of the H2D
RF-combiners must be 1.5 N-m + 0.1. Use the
19-mm N torque wrench.

Connect the following cables on the front panel:

the power cables (LNA Pwr/Alarm, Pwr/Alarm VSWR)


the coaxial cables (PA_in, Int_0 Antenna)

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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Figure 55
RF-combiner (H2D)

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161

5.2.18 Replacement of a Rx-splitter


Product reference
Equipment
Rx-splitter S4 for GSM 1800

PEC codes

CPC codes

NTQA10HA

A0666906

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 30 minutes.
Tools required

Flat screwdriver
Torque wrench

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is reduced: in fact, the service is lost for the calls of
the faulty RF-combiners.

Location
The Rx-splitters are located on Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an S8006
BTS cabinet" (page 21).

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Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Locate the defective module.
b Unscrew the RF cables from the right side to the left side to
have some place to put the extraction tool.
c Undo the two fixing screws no.1 on the higher Rx-splitter, if it
is to be replaced.
d Undo the two fixing screws no.2 on the lower Rx-splitter. DO
NOT DISCONNECT THE RF CABLES.
e Grasp and pull the lower splitter using the top and bottom
edges.
f

Grasp and pull the higher splitter using the top and bottom
edges, if it is to be replaced.

Removal of a Rx-splitter
a Disconnect the RF cables on the faulty Rx-splitter.
b Remove the Rx-splitter.

Reinsertion of a Rx-splitter
a Check the hardware version number of the element according
to the current release of the system.
b Insert the module into the cabinet.
c Reconnect the RF cables.

Additional operations
a Push the lower and possibly the higher Rx-splitter into the
cabinet.
b Tighten the two fixing screws no.2 on the lower Rx-splitter.
c Tighten possibly the two fixing screws no.1 on the higher
Rx-splitter.
d Tighten the RF cables from the left side to the right side.

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5.2 Replacement sheets

The procedure is complete.


--End--

Figure 56
RX-splitter

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Figure 57
Higher and lower RX-splitter

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5.2.19 Replacement of the AC lightning protector


Product reference
CPC codes
single-phase AC lightning protector

A0797207

neutral plug-in module for the AC lightning protectors

A 0773608

phase plug-in module for the AC lightning protectors

A07 73606

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately 15 minutes.
Tools required

Screwdriver
Wrench

Impact of the replacement on service

CAUTION
Service interruption
The cabinet does not remain supplied: the service will be lost.

Location
The AC lightning protector is located inside the AC box.

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Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Power off the BTS: Refer to 3.3.2 Power-off procedure
(page 34).
b Disconnect the alarm cable from the AC box and the rectifier
cable.
c Undo the four quarter-turn screws no.4 on the AC box side
and remove the small cover (see Figure 58 "AC box of the
S8006 BTS" (page 167)).

Removal of the lightning protector


Unplug the plug-in modules (phase and neutral lightning
protectors) (see Figure 59 "AC lightning protector of the S8006
BTS" (page 168)).

Reinsertion of the lightning protector


Plug the new plug-in modules.

Additional operations
a Put the small cover back on.
b Tighten the four quarter-turn screws (see Figure 58 "AC box
of the S8006 BTS" (page 167)).
c Connect the alarm cable on the AC box and the rectifier
cable.
d Power on the BTS: Refer to 3.3.1 Power-on procedure
(page 33).

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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5.2 Replacement sheets


Figure 58
AC box of the S8006 BTS

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Figure 59
AC lightning protector of the S8006 BTS

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5.2 Replacement sheets

5.2.20 Replacement of the thermostats


Product reference
CPC codes:

high temperature thermostat:

A0664132

low temperature thermostat:

A0664133

Intervention time
The intervention time is approximately four hours.
Tools required

Stepladder
Flat screwdriver
Allen wrench

Impact of the replacement on service

DANGER
Risk of electric shock
The BTS does not remain supplied

CAUTION
Service interruption
The service is lost.

Location
The thermostats are located on Figure 5 "Maximum equipment of an
S8006 BTS cabinet" (page 21).

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Chapter 5 Replacement procedures

Procedure
Step

Action

Safety instructions

CAUTION
Risk of equipment damage
Wear the antistatic bracelet when performing the
maintenance procedure described below.

Preliminary operations
a Power off the BTS: Refer to 3.3.2 Power-off procedure
(page 34).
b Remove the LNS-DACS (see the replacement procedure in
5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement (page 98)) in order to have
access to the first thermostat.
c Unscrew the fixing screws on the fuse panel in order to have
access to the other thermostat.
d Remove the fuse panel.
e If necessary, remove:

some DRX (or e-DRX) (see the replacement procedure in


5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX (or e-DRX) module (page
131))

some Rx-splitters (see the replacement procedure in


5.2.18 Replacement of a Rx-splitter (page 161))

the power supply rack (see the replacement procedure


in 5.2.15 Replacement of the power supply rack (page
145))

Removal of the thermostats


a Unscrew the two fixing screws holding the high temperature
thermostat.
b Disconnect the two lugs fixed on the high temperature
thermostat.
c Remove the high temperature thermostat.
d Unscrew the two fixing screws holding the low temperature
thermostat.
e Disconnect the two lugs fixed on the low temperature
thermostat.
f

Remove the low temperature thermostat.

Reinsertion of the thermostats


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5.2 Replacement sheets

a Insert the high temperature thermostat.


b Connect the two lugs fixed on the high temperature
thermostat.
c Screw the two fixing screws holding the high temperature
thermostat.
d Insert the low temperature thermostat.
e Connect the two lugs fixed on the low temperature
thermostat.
f
5

Screw the two fixing screws holding the low temperature


thermostat.

Additional operations
a If necessary, insert the DRX (or e-DRX) modules, the
Rx-splitters and the power supply rack.
b Insert the fuse panel.
c Screw the fixing screws on the fuse panel.
d Install the LNS-DACS (see the replacement procedure in
5.2.5 LNS-DACS replacement (page 98)).
e Power on the BTS: Refer to 3.3.1 Power-on procedure
(page 33).

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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Chapter 6 LNS-DACS technical manual


This manual covers installation, maintenance and technical description for
the Low Noise Direct Ambient Cooling System of BTS cabinets, deployed
at street level.

6.1 Installation
6.1.1 Equipment inspection
Upon receipt, the unit should be inspected immediately for both external
and internal damage. Any such damage should be reported at once to
the carrier and the factory responsible for the units manufacture. The
inspection should be carried out as follows.
Remove the lid by means of the four countersunk screws, disconnect the
earthing strap and place carefully to one side. Inspect the inside of the unit
for obvious damage and ensure that all plugs are properly inserted and
that all connections are tight, especially those to the storage capacitor, C1
and rectifier bridges, BR1 and BR2.
Reconnect the earthing strap and replace the lid.

6.1.2 Installation
The unit is now ready for installation and should be positioned carefully
into place in the BTS cabinet, making sure that the gaskets are not scuffed
or damaged in the procedure. Secure the unit into position by means of
M6 screws through the fixing holes located on the two side flanges.

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6.1.3 Electrical connections (see label)

Wiring to the unit is effected by connecting the three wire harnesses into
their corresponding sockets. SKT1 is for dc power, SKT2 for AC power
and SKT3 for alarm outputs c the plugs are all different, so incorrect
connection is not possible.
The unit is factory set to run at an internal cabinet temperature of 25C and
for fan speed operation. Should alternative settings be desired, remove the
access plate at the left front of the unit and make adjustments as detailed
later in "Control Options".
Replace the access plate.

6.1.4 Filter clog switch connections (see label)

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Connections to the filter clog switch are made by means of the two plastic
hoses that exit from the top, right-hand side of the LNS-DACS. The front
hose is the low pressure and the rear the high pressure connection. These
should be uncoiled and routed to the appropriate positions on the BTS
cabinet.
The unit is now ready for commissioning.

6.1.5 Commissioning
Turn on power to the BTS cabinet; the fans in the LNS-DACS unit will
ramp up slowly to their normal operational speed. Provided the internal
temperature of the BTS cubicle is below the set temperature (see control
operation), there should be virtually no air exiting from the exhaust ducts
at the front of the BTS cabinet. After a while, determined by conditions
of internal cabinet load and external temperature, the internal cabinet
temperature will reach the set temperature and the damper will start to
open. This may be inferred by an increase of air from the exhaust ports
at the front of the BTS cabinet. After equilibrium has been established, a
thermocouple or similar device, inserted in the exit duct, should register a
temperature close to the chosen set point.

6.1.6 Other checks


There are various other quick tests that can be made to check the correct
operation of the unit.

6.1.7 Filter clog alarm


Short circuit the filter clog switch with a suitable wire link. The green LED
should extinguish and the external alarm connection AL2-AL GND should
go open circuit.
Remove plug P7 - the blowers should revert to high speed and shorting
the filter clog switch should not generate an alarm.

6.1.8 Air flow failure


This may be tested by disconnecting a blower by removal of either plug
P4A or P4B. The red LED should extinguish and the external alarm
connection AL1-AL GND should go open circuit.
If the system is running at the lower fan speed, the other blower should
revert to high-speed operation.

6.1.9 Damper operation


Removal of plug P1 simulates a low cabinet temperature and the damper
should close to outside air; shorting plug P7 (with a suitable wire)
simulates a high temperature and the damper should open to outside air.

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6.1.10 Fan speed


For normal room ambients, the blowers should run at low speed. A short
circuit on plug P7 simulates a high ambient temperature and should cause
the blower speed to increase. A blower failure should cause the other
blower to run at high speed.

6.1.11 Heater circuit failure


Removal of plug P1 will simulate a low temperature condition: the damper
will close (if not already closed) and the heater will energize. To check the
alarm, remove power and disconnect one wire from the heater thermostat
HRS. Re-apply power and disconnect P1. The heater will not energize, the
yellow LED should extinguish and the external alarm connection AL1-AL
GND should go open circuit.

6.2 Technical aspects


6.2.1 Specification
The range of input supplies is as follows:

AC: 207 to 253 V ac 50Hz (nominal voltage 230 V ac)


DC: -40.5 to -60 V dc (nominal -54.5 V dc)

6.2.2 Construction
The LNS-DACS cabinet is constructed from sheet steel, coated with an
aluminium/zinc/silicon alloy (Aluzinc 185). The metalwork is left unpainted
to ensure good electrical bonding between the component parts, essential
for the control of electromagnetic radiation from and into the unit. To avoid
corrosion, no parts are welded.

6.2.3 Twin blowers


The blowers serve to circulate air through the BTS cabinet, to cool the
internal loads. The blowers are brushless dc types, powered either by the
internal transformer/rectifier unit at low temperatures or by the BTS rectifier
at normal temperatures.
They incorporate a soft-start feature that ramps up their speed slowly
and minimizes inrush currents. Each provides a fan running signal (5 V
square wave), employed to annunciate a fan failure. The blower speed is
controlled by means of a 0-10 V dc signal.

6.2.4 Air-directing damper


The damper, which rotates around a pivot point close to the base, is used
to control air movement within the LNS-DACS unit. When fully closed, the
damper excludes outside air and air is circulated within the BTS cabinet; at
the other extreme, when the damper is fully open, there is no recirculation

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and the cooling unit operates by drawing in outside air which is then routed
through the BTS cabinet and ejected via the outlet ducts at the front of the
BTS cabinet.
At intermediate positions, the damper is adjusted automatically to
give a mix of recirculated and fresh air to achieve the internal working
temperature.

6.2.5 Damper modulating motor


The damper is controlled directly by the modulating motor. Operation of
the damper between extreme positions is achieved within a motor rotation
of approximately 45 degrees, so that the motor is not limited by its end
stops in either direction. This guarantees a very good seal against outside
or recirculated air, since the motor can apply maximum pressure to the
sealing gaskets.
The dc motor that drives the gearbox of the actuator is brushed and rated
for continuous operation under stalled conditions; its life expectancy
is in excess of five years. The actuator is equipped with a feedback
potentiometer that is used by the controller to control damper position. The
damper motor can exert a maximum closing force of 5.6 Nm.

6.2.6 Filter clog switch


The filter, located in the BTS cabinet, is monitored by the filter clog switch
which functions by operating a micro-switch in response to movements of
a large area diaphragm induced by pressure differences either side of it. It
is factory-adjusted to provide a contact closure to the control board when
the pressure drop across the filter exceeds 50 Pascals.

6.2.7 Temperature control elements


Temperature control of the unit is effected by two high quality thermistors,
having an accuracy of +/-0.2C between 0 and 70C. The elements are
encased in epoxy resin within an aluminium case.
The first device (connected to plug P1 on the control board) is located
above a hole on the left-hand side panel. This hole, which communicates
with the exhaust port, ensures that the thermistor is always in a moving
air stream, regardless of damper position. The thermistor measures the
temperature of the internal equipment cabinet.
The other thermistor (connected to plug P7 on the control board), is
located in the air inlet duct and measures the ambient air temperature.
This information is used to control the speed of the blowers.

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6.2.8 Heater

The heater element, used to maintain the BTS cabinet above +5 C, is
located in the fan outlet duct. It has a rating of 1.25kW at the nominal input
of 230 V ac and is equipped with stainless steel fins, to maximize heat
transfer. The element is turned off at +10C, for rising temperature, and
energized at 5C for falling temperature.

6.2.9 Heater thermostat


The heater element is protected against over temperature, generated
by air failure or blockage within the BTS cabinet, by a manual-reset
thermostat located on the top of the fan discharge duct and over the
element. It is set to alarm at 106.5C.

6.2.10 Rectifier/capacitor assembly


The transformer/rectifier unit consists of two rectifier bridges and storage
capacitor, situated towards the front of the cabinet. This arrangement,
which is powered by the main transformer, provides approximately 42 V
dc, and is used to supply the blowers at temperatures below 0C when the
main BTS rectifier is inactive.

6.2.11 Transformer
The transformer is a torroidal type. It is encased in epoxy resin that offers
protection against the effects of high humidity likely in the interior of the
LNS-DACS. It has an output of 35 V at 4.5 A and a voltage regulation of
less than 5%.

6.2.12 Connection sockets


There are three sockets, positioned on the right-hand side of the unit, for
interconnection to the BTS cabinet.
The top socket (two way) is for dc power, the next (three way) for AC
power, while the bottom socket (4 way) is for alarm outputs from the unit.

6.2.13 Printed circuit assembly (PCA) for control and power distribution
Control of the LNS-DACS and power distribution therein is accomplished
by this assembly and is described below in later sections. The control
assembly is tropicalized to afford protection against the effects of high
humidity.

6.2.14 Alarm LEDs


The alarm LEDs, which may be viewed from the front of the LNS-DACS
through a window in the access plate, are normally illuminated when
healthy and extinguish on alarm. They are red for fan failure, yellow for
heater circuit failure and green for clogged filter.

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6.3 LNS-DACS operation


6.3.1 General principles
For normal outside temperatures, the inner cabinet aims to run at a
constant temperature, as defined by the setting on the control assembly.
Once achieved, the air damper opens to admit external air, and controls
the inner cabinet environment by mixing appropriate amounts of outside
and recirculated air. The blowers drive air down the rear duct and into the
equipment enclosure via slots at the rear. Return air to the LNS-DACS is
routed through the set of holes in the base, with excess air being rejected
from the exhaust ducts at the front of the BTS cabinet.

6.3.2 Specific modes


The LNS-DACS functions in four operational modes, dictated solely
by information from the cabinet temperature thermistor (plug P1). The
required cabinet temperature is defined as Ts.

6.3.3 Low temperature


-40 degrees Celsius < Tcab < 10 degrees Celsius
In this region, the heater is energized, the damper is closed to the outside,
and air is recirculated via the holes in the base of the LNS-DACS. The
total area of these holes is chosen to maintain a near-constant static
pressure on the blowers, irrespective of damper position.

6.3.4 Medium temperature


10 degrees Celsius < Tcab < Ts
Once the cabinet temperature has reached 10C, the heater is switched
off, the damper remains closed, and further heating of the equipment
enclosure is achieved solely by the internal equipment loading.

6.3.5 Normal temperature


Tcab = Ts
The control circuitry aims to run the cabinet at Ts, whenever the conditions
of load and external temperature allow. In this regime, the damper
position is controlled automatically by the modulating motor, mixing
appropriate amounts of recirculated and external air to maintain a constant
temperature. Excess air is ejected from the vents at the front of the BTS
cabinet.

6.3.6 High temperature


Tcab > Ts

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At higher outside temperatures, although the damper is fully open, the


LNS-DACS is unable to maintain the cabinet temperature to Ts which now
rises in sympathy with the external temperature. At an outside temperature
of 45C, the internal cabinet will rise to a nominal 55C under fully loaded
conditions.

6.3.7 Fan speed control


As long as the cabinet temperature is at, or below, Ts, the fans will be
running at their lower speed setting. However, for ambient temperatures
above Ts, the damper will be fully open and, when it reaches 35C, the fan
speed will be increased automatically to minimize the temperature rise in
the internal equipment cubicle. As the outside temperature falls, the fans
will revert to low speed operation at an ambient of 30C.
This feature is important, since it reduces the acoustic noise for the
majority of the year and, more especially at night, when the call density (or
cabinet loading) and outside temperature are likely to be at their lowest.

6.3.8 Control and power distribution assembly


This section deals with the detailed workings of the printed circuit
assembly (PCA). This assembly is responsible not only for control and
supervision of the LNS-DACS, but also for directing both ac and dc power
within the equipment.

6.3.9 Power distribution


The alternating supply is routed to plug P2 on the PCA. It then passes
through an EMC filter, to feed the heater element and main transformer
T1. The heater is protected against over temperature by a manual reset
thermostat, HRS.
The secondary winding of T1 feeds bridge rectifier BR1, the dc output of
which is smoothed by the computer-grade electrolytic capacitor C1. The
resulting voltage level (approximately 42 V dc at the nominal 230 V ac
input) is used to provide power to the direct-drive, dc blowers, the PCA
control and supervisory circuitry.
DC power from the BTS rectifier also feeds the PCA on plug P3; the
positive pole (grounded in the BTS cabinet) is connected directly, whilst
the negative pole is routed via a diode of bridge rectifier BR2. For cabinet
temperatures between -40 and +7C, dc power to the LNS-DACS is
supplied by the internal transformer-rectifier unit (TRU). Above 0C, the
main TRU in the BTS cabinet becomes active. Because of its higher
output voltage and the diode effect of the two rectifiers, this TRU now
takes over the running of the unit and the internal TRU is left on, but idling.

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The blowers, fed from plugs P4A and P4B, are fused individually so that a
catastrophic failure of one blower will not affect the other. The fuse links
F1 and F2, which are 10 A, fast blow ceramic types, must be replaced by
exact equivalents.

6.3.10 Control power supplies


The control board operates from a 24 V dc supply, produced from the raw
rectified supplies by regulator REG1 and associated components. Setting
up of the 24 V level is effected by means of potentiometer VR1, the only
adjustment on the board; this level may be measured on tests points TP1
and TP2. The voltage level is factory set and should not be altered except
in extraordinary circumstances. A center supply of 12 V is also used.

6.3.11 Temperature sensing


Measurement of the cabinet temperature is carried out by a
close-tolerance thermistor (+/-0.2C in the range 0 to 70C), linearized by
a parallel resistor. The combination is driven by a constant current of 0.5
mA. The resulting temperature-dependent voltage is buffered to give an
output of 46 mV/C. To ensure a rapid response from the thermistor, it
is mounted over a hole in the left-hand side panel of the LNS-DACS, to
guarantee a supply of cabinet exhaust air across the device at all times.

6.3.12 Ts reference
The reference voltage relevant to the cabinet internal temperature is
selectable by means of DIL switch SW1. SW1/1 off and SW1/2 on will
run the cabinet at 35C, whilst SW1/1 on and SW1/2 on will give a Ts of
25C. The actual setting is defined by the user and is dependent on the
prevailing weather conditions in the operational area.

6.3.13 Error amplifier


Information from the cabinet temperature thermistor is offset against the
voltage from the actuator feedback potentiometer and fed to an error
amplifier. The output of the error amplifier controls the damper motor drive
circuitry.

6.3.14 Damper motor drive


This circuit is capable of driving the motor in either direction as well as
stopping it at any position, as directed by the output of the error amplifier.
This balance occurs when the voltage from the error amplifier matches the
buffered output from the feedback potentiometer of the damper motor.
Diodes D1 and D2 provide dynamic braking to the actuator motor. This
action prevents unwanted damper movements by forces imposed on
the damper by the static pressure generated at the suction inlets of the
blowers.

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The temperature change required to move the damper from one extreme
to the other is approximately 2C. To prevent the damper from responding
to very small changes, the control also incorporates a dead zone of 0.6C.
This, and the current limiting imposed by the series resistor during stalled
motor conditions, serves to maximize the life of the actuator motor.
Connections to the modulating motor are effected via connector P5.

6.3.15 Heater drive circuit


Information from the cabinet sensor is also used to control the operation
of the heater. For rising cabinet temperature, the heater is de-energized
at +10C and re-energized at +5C as the temperature falls. The 5C
hysteresis prevents erratic operation of the heater. The element is
powered by means of relay HTR via the current transformer CT1 and
heater safety thermostat HRS. The thermostat must be manually reset
following a trip.

6.3.16 Alarms
The control board features three alarm circuits, two critical and one
maintenance. The alarm relays (RA1, RA2) and respective LEDs are
energized when healthy. The alarm LEDs may be viewed through a
window at the front of the unit.
Volt-free, normally closed contacts for the alarms are routed, via connector
P6, to the customer terminal block. The maintenance alarm appears on
terminal AL2, whilst the critical alarms are summarized and fed to terminal
AL1. Both outputs are with respect to the AL GND terminal. The alarm
contacts open to alarm. In the event of power failure to the PCA, both
alarms will be activated.

6.3.17 Critical alarm 1: Heater failure

On a call for heating, generated by cabinet temperatures below 5C, the


alarm relay RA1 is held in an energized state provided that current is
detected in the heater element; if there is no current, the relay drops out
and an alarm is given. Since this alarm requires current in the heater,
it registers any fault in the heater circuit, including element failure,
open-circuit thermostat or fractured wire.

6.3.18 Critical alarm 2: Fan failure


The dc blowers, connected to plugs P4A and P4B, each generate a square
wave signal during healthy operation. These signals are used to reset the
counters IC6 and IC7; should either counter time out, the alarm relay RA1
is de-energized and an alarm given.

ATTENTION
If either fan fails, the other one is automatically driven at the higher speed.

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6.4 Troubleshooting

183

6.3.19 Maintenance alarm: Filter clog


The pressure drop across the air filter, mounted in the BTS cabinet,
is monitored by an adjustable diaphragm switch (factory preset to the
specified static pressure drop). When the filter is deemed to be clogged,
the switch closes, de-energizes alarm relay RA2 and an alarm is given.
This alarm is inhibited at high fan speed if the unit is running in the fan
speed option.

6.3.20 Controller options


Switch SW1 has three positions - the first two define the cabinet working
temperature. For 35C operation, set SW1/1 to off and SW1/2 to on;
for 25C operation, set both positions to on. The choice of cabinet
temperature is site-dependent.
The third position over-rides the fan speed control and constrains the
blowers to run always at high speed - with this set-up, the filter clog switch
is not inhibited.
The header H1 has four positions and is used to define the high and
low fan speeds. For the LNS-DACS unit, the shorting links should be in
positions 2 and 4. Positions 1 and 3 are reserved for other DACS type
units.

6.4 Troubleshooting
This section is included to assist the service person - it is not meant to
be an exhaustive list of possible faults since it is anticipated that service
personnel will be well trained on the functioning of the unit.

WARNING
Isolate all power supplies to the unit before removing the lid.
Lethal voltages are present when the unit is operating, so take
care while handling the equipment.
Symptom
Heater alarm

Possible Cause

Check or Remedy

Thermostat HRS tripped

Reset HRS, find cause

Fractured or disconnected wire

Make good connection

Faulty control board

Change board

Heater element open circuit

Replace element

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Symptom
Filter clog alarm

Fan failure
alarm

Fans inoperativ
e

Damper not
open

Damper not
closed

Possible Cause

Check or Remedy

Blocked filter

Change filter

Maladjusted switch

Re-adjust switch

Faulty clog switch

Change switch

Blown fuse on board

Change fuse, check cause

Broken connection

Check plugs, wires

Faulty blower

Change blower

Faulty board

Change board

Check ac/dc supplies

Rectify

Both fuses blown

Change and check cause

Faulty board

Change board

Loose linkage

Reset and tighten

Open circuit thermistor

Check thermistor/plug P1

Faulty board

Change board

Faulty actuator

Check/change

Loose linkage

Reset and tighten

Short circuit thermistor

Check thermistor/plug P1

Faulty board

Change board

Faulty actuator

Check/change

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6.5 Maintenance

Symptom
Poor temp
regulation

Incorrect cab
temp

Possible Cause

185

Check or Remedy

Loose linkage

Reset and tighten

Faulty board

Change board

Intermittent thermistor

Check plug P1

Faulty actuator

Check/change

Thermistor location

Check location(s)

Board 24 V dc incorrect

Check TP1,TP2/adjust

Thermistor location

Check location(s)

6.5 Maintenance
The following checks represent the minimal acceptable maintenance
procedures; failure to carry them out on a regular basis may invalidate the
warranty.

DANGER
Electric shock
Isolate all power supplies to the unit before removing the lid.
Lethal voltages are present when the unit is operating, so take
care while handling the equipment.

6.5.1 Cabinet: Examine

Examine the cabinet exterior for any obvious defects and repair as
necessary.

Record and report any defects found.

6.5.2 Modulating motor and linkages: Check


DANGER
Electric shock
Isolate all power supplies to the unit before removing the lid.
Lethal voltages are present when the unit is operating, so take
care while handling the equipment.

Depress the clutch on the side of the actuator motor and check, by
hand, for smooth operation of the damper. Check that motor rotation

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is limited by the extreme damper positions and not by the end stops
on the motor.

Check that linkages are tight and adjust if necessary.

Record and report any defects found.

Check the nylon bush on the actuator rod for wear and replace if
necessary.

6.5.3 Control Assembly: Examine


DANGER
Electric shock
Isolate all power supplies to the unit before removing the lid.
Lethal voltages are present when the unit is operating, so take
care while handling the equipment.

Examine control board for excessive deposits of dust/salts.


Remove board, if necessary, clean and dry.
Replace assembly and reconnect plugs.
Record and report any actions taken.

6.5.4 Connections: Examine


DANGER
Electric shock
Isolate all power supplies to the unit before removing the lid.
Lethal voltages are present when the unit is operating.

Examine all electrical connections. Look for any signs of heating


(hardened wire ends).

Change defective wire harness and/or connections.


Record and report any defects.

6.5.5 Blowers: Examine


DANGER
Electric shock
Isolate all power supplies to the unit before removing the lid.
Lethal voltages are present when the unit is operating.

Inspect the fan impellers and remove any debris.


Check that the fan impellers are securely mounted on the fan shafts.
Rotate the impellers and ensure freedom of movement.
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In order to check the running operation of the blowers, replace the


lid of the LNS-DACS and remove the front access plate. To ensure
adequate static pressure on the blowers, the damper must be closed.
This may be achieved by disconnecting plug P1. Note! this action will
also energize the heater and should not be prolonged. Restore power
to the LNS-DACS and check that the blowers are running smoothly
and that the bearings are not making excessive noise.

Blowers deemed faulty should be replaced.


Replace P1 and access plate.
Record and report actions taken.

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Chapter 7 On-site TIL use


7.1 Introduction
This chapter presents the actions to be taken in the case of the fault
number 1067 on the DRX (or e-DRX) or PA equipment.
The TIL can be used on site to confirm the faults at the OMC-R.
The available TIL menus are described in Nortel GSM TML (BTS)
Commissioning and Configuration - TML User Guide (411-9001-051).
This chapter presents the actions of an on-site maintenance for the
following causes of the 1067 fault number:

causes for the PA equipment:

(6815745) Hardware
(6815746) DRX (or e-DRX) / PA connection

causes for the DRX (or e-DRX) equipment

(9437185) RX fault
(9437190) BBFILTER ASIC fault
(9437193) Self test failed
(9437194) Major fault on TX
(9437206) DRX (or e-DRX) link
(9437216) The TX has not acknowledged the power consign
request

(9437217) PA DRX (or e-DRX) control loop fault

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7.2 Preliminary actions


7.2.1 Actions at the OMC-R
Before any intervention, confirm the alarm at the OMC-R:

Switch the transceiverEquipment to "locked".


Switch the transceiverEquipment to "unlocked".
Check that the alarm is identical.

7.2.2 On-site actions


Perform the following actions to identify the alarms.

7.2.2.1 TIL connection


Log on to the TIL (via the link Ethernet connected to the active CMCF
board). Refer to Nortel GSM TML (BTS) Commissioning and Configuration
- TML User Guide (411-9001-051).

7.2.2.2 Alarm identification


When the cabinet is displayed, perform the following actions.

click the "DRX" (or e-DRX) object


display the options
choose "Alarms"

Eleven different alarms are possible:

high temperature alarm


high power alarm
power cabinet alarm
SWVR alarm
OOL alarm
OOL REF alarm
FH Bus alarm
dialog problem between ASIC and peripherals
automatic level control alarm
MHD or COM alarm
power amplifier out of order

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191

7.3 Corrective action sheets


These sheets are given in the following pages.

7.3.1 Alarm: High temperature alarm


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates an exceeding of the PA temperature.
PEC code: NTQA21AA
On-site maintenance
Step

Action

Checks
Check the running of the LNS-DACS climatic system.
a If it is correct, go to step 2.
b If it is not correct, perform a corrective action on the
LNS-DACS.

PA replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
PA to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty PA according to the replacement


procedure (see 5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier
(PA) (page 141)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced PA to "unlocked".
d Make sure that the fault has been cleared (the alarms are
transferred to the alarm history file of the OMC-R).
e Go to step 3.
3

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.3.2 Alarm: High power alarm


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates errors concerning the PA power supply.
It concerns the following errors:

errors on the dc/dc converters of the PA


errors of an excessive power consumption of the PA

On-site maintenance
Step

Action

FRU replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
PA to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty PA according to the replacement


procedure (see 5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier
(PA) (page 141)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced PA to "unlocked".
d Make sure that the fault has been cleared (the alarms are
transferred to the alarm history file of the OMC-R).
e Go to step 2.
2

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.3.3 Alarm: Power cabinet alarm


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates a too weak transmission level at the PA output.
The alarm threshold is equal to the nominal cell power (-6dB).
On-site maintenance
Step

Action

Checks
a Check the RF cables between the DRX (or e-DRX) and the
PA.
b Using the TIL, have the DRX (or e-DRX) transmit in BCCH
mode at the cell frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the problem persists, go to step 2.


If the problem disappears, go to step 3.

FRU replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
PA to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty PA according to the replacement


procedure (see 5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier
(PA) (page 141)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced PA to "unlocked".
d Make sure that the fault has been cleared (the alarms are
transferred to the alarm history file of the OMC-R).
e Go to step 3.
3

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.3.4 Alarm: SWVR alarm


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates SWVR errors at the PA output.
On-site maintenance
Step

Action

Checks
a Check all the cables of the chain: PA-duplexer-feeder-anten
na.
b If necessary, tighten the cables at the PA output.

CAUTION
Tightening torques
The tightening torque of the terminal "RF IN" must
be 0.7 N-m 0.1. Use the 8-mm SMA torque
wrench.
The tightening torque of the terminal "RF OUT"
must be 1.5 N-m 0.1. Use the 19-mm N torque
wrench.

c Using the TIL, have the TX transmit in BCCH mode at the cell
frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the problem disappears, go to step 3.


If the problem persists, go to step 2.

FRU replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
PA to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced

b Replace the faulty PA according to the replacement


procedure (see 5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier
(PA) (page 141)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced PA to "unlocked".
d Make sure that the fault has been cleared (the alarms are
transferred to the alarm history file of the OMC-R).
e Go to step 3.
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7.3 Corrective action sheets

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.3.5 Alarm: OOL REF alarm


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates errors concerning the PLLs that control the DRX (or
e-DRX) reference frequencies.
On-site maintenance
Step

Action

FRU replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
DRX (or e-DRX) to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty DRX (or e-DRX) according to the


replacement procedure (see 5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX
(or e-DRX) module (page 131)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced DRX (or e-DRX) to "unlocked".
d Make sure that the fault has been cleared (the alarms are
transferred to the alarm history file of the OMC-R).
e Go to step 2.
2

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.3.6 Alarm: Asic external link


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates hardware errors concerning the TX in the DRX (or
e-DRX).
On-site maintenance
Step

Action

FRU replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
DRX (or e-DRX) to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty DRX (or e-DRX) according to the


replacement procedure (see 5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX
(or e-DRX) module (page 131)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced DRX (or e-DRX) to "unlocked".
d Make sure that the fault has been cleared (the alarms are
transferred to the alarm history file of the OMC-R).
e Go to step 2.
2

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.3.7 Alarm: OOL alarm


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates errors concerning the PLLs that control the RF
transmission frequency.
On-site maintenance
Step

Action

Checks
Reset the DRX (or e-DRX) and the PA.

If the alarm persists, go to step 2.


If the problem disappears, go to step 3.

FRU replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
DRX (or e-DRX) to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty DRX (or e-DRX) according to the


replacement procedure (see 5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX
(or e-DRX) module (page 131)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced DRX (or e-DRX) to "unlocked".
d Make sure that the fault has been cleared (the alarms are
transferred to the alarm history file of the OMC-R).

If the alarm persists, look for the fault in the boards of the
CBCF.

Otherwise, go to step 3.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.3.8 Alarm: Automatic level control


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates that the power closed-loop control of the DRX (or
e-DRX)/PA couple is reaching saturation (high or low).
The alarm cause can be:

a problem in the DRX (or e-DRX)


a problem on the RF cable between the DRX (or e-DRX) and the PA
a problem in the PA
a problem on the "DATA" cable between the PA and the DRX (or
e-DRX)

On-site maintenance
Step

Action

Checks
a Check the "RF" and "DATA" cables.
b If necessary, tighten the "RF" cable.

CAUTION
Tightening torques
The tightening torque must be 0.7 N-m 0.1. Use
the 8-mm SMA torque wrench.

c Using the TIL, have the TX transmit in BCCH mode at the cell
frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the alarm persists, go to step 2.


If the alarm disappears, go to step 6.

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PA replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
PA to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty PA according to the replacement


procedure (see 5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier
(PA) (page 141)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced PA to "unlocked".
d Using the TIL, have the TX transmit in BCCH mode at the cell
frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the alarm persists, go to step 3.


If the alarm disappears, go to step 6.

DRX (or e-DRX) replacement


a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
DRX (or e-DRX) to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty DRX (or e-DRX) according to the


replacement procedure (see 5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX
(or e-DRX) module (page 131)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced DRX (or e-DRX) to "unlocked".
d Using the TIL, have the TX transmit in BCCH mode at the cell
frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the alarm persists, go to step 4.


If the alarm disappears, go to step 5.

Cable replacement
a Replace the following cables:

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201

1. the "FH-PCM" cable between the DRX (or e-DRX) and


the DRX-ICO
2. the "DATA I/O" cable between the DRX (or e-DRX) and
the PA
3. the "RF" cable

CAUTION
Tightening torques
The tightening torque of the terminals of the RF
cables must be 0.7 N-m 0.1. Use the 8-mm
SMA torque wrench.

b Go to step 1.
5

New PA replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the PA to
"locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the new PA with the old one according to the


replacement procedure (see 5.2.14 Replacement of a power
amplifier (PA) (page 141)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the PA to
"unlocked".
d Using the TIL, have the TX transmit in BCCH mode at the cell
frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the alarm persists, the old PA and the old DRX (or
e-DRX) are not correct. Go to step 2.

If the alarm disappears, the old PA is correct and the old


DRX (or e-DRX) is not correct. Go to step 6.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.3.9 Alarm: MHD or COM alarm


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates a problem on the "DATA" interface between the DRX
(or e-DRX) and the PA.
It deals with:

the loss of the serial connection


the parity errors
the checksum errors

On-site maintenance
Step

Action

Checks
a Check the connection of the "DATA" cables between the DRX
(or e-DRX) and the PA (FH-PCM cable between DRX (or
e-DRX) and DRXICO and DATA I/O cable between DRXICO
and PA).
b Using the TIL, have the TRX transmit in BCCH mode at the
cell frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the alarm persists, go to step 2.


If the alarm disappears, go to step 5.

PA replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
PA to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty PA according to the replacement


procedure (see 5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier
(PA) (page 141)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced PA to "unlocked".
d Using the TIL, have the TX transmit in BCCH mode at the cell
frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

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7.3 Corrective action sheets

203

If the alarm persists, go to step 3.


If the alarm disappears, go to step 5.

DRX (or e-DRX) replacement


a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
DRX (or e-DRX) to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty DRX (or e-DRX) according to the


replacement procedure (see 5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX
(or e-DRX) module (page 131)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced DRX (or e-DRX) to "unlocked".
d Using the TIL, have the TX transmit in BCCH mode at the cell
frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the alarm persists, replace the "DATA" cables. Go to


step 1.

if the alarm disappears, go to step 4.

New PA replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the PA to
"locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the new PA with the old one according to the


replacement procedure (see 5.2.14 Replacement of a power
amplifier (PA) (page 141)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the PA to
"unlocked".
d Using the TIL, have the TX transmit in BCCH mode at the cell
frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the alarm persists, the old PA and the old DRX (or
e-DRX) are not correct. Go to step 1.

If the alarm disappears, the old PA is correct. Go to step


5.

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The procedure is complete.


--End--

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)


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7.3 Corrective action sheets

205

7.3.10 Alarm: Power surge protection


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates an excessively high input level on the PA.
On-site maintenance
Step

Action

Checks
a Check the RF wiring between the DRX (or e-DRX) and the
PA.
b Using the TIL, have the DRX (or e-DRX) transmit in BCCH
mode at the cell frequency (see 7.4 TX test (page 207)).

If the alarm persists, go to step 2.


If the alarm disappears, go to step 3.

FRU replacement
a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
PA to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty PA according to the replacement


procedure (see 5.2.14 Replacement of a power amplifier
(PA) (page 141)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced PA to "unlocked".
d Make sure that the fault has been cleared (the alarms are
transferred to the alarm history file of the OMC-R).
e Go to step 3.
3

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.3.11 Alarm: FH Bus alarm


Reaction of the system
This alarm indicates an error on the FH bus.
On-site maintenance
Step

Action

If the alarm is systematic

Checks
a Check the FH feedback cable of the cabinet.
b Return the DRX (or e-DRX) into service.

If the alarm persists, go to step 2.


If the alarm disappears, go to step 3.

DRX (or e-DRX) replacement


a Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the faulty
DRX (or e-DRX) to "locked".

CAUTION
Service interruption
In most cases, the TRX and one TDMA are lost.
The service is reduced.

b Replace the faulty DRX (or e-DRX) according to the


replacement procedure (see 5.2.11 Replacement of a DRX
(or e-DRX) module (page 131)).
c Switch the transceiverEquipment corresponding to the
replaced DRX (or e-DRX) to "unlocked".
d Make sure that the fault has been cleared (the alarms are
transferred to the alarm history file of the OMC-R).
e Return the DRX (or e-DRX) into service.

If the alarm persists, call the BSS manufacturer.


If the alarm disappears, go to step 3.

The procedure is complete.


--End--

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7.4 TX test

207

7.4 TX test
7.4.1 Introduction
This test enables a TX to be configured in a special test mode in order to
monitor its transmission power in a given channel.
The following procedure is performed either in standalone mode (BTS
not operational) or in connected mode after TX isolation (see Nortel
GSM TML (BTS) Commissioning and Configuration - TML User Guide
(411-9001-051).

7.4.2 TX test procedure


Step

Action

Equipment installation
Install the measuring equipment on the transmission channel
and check that the transmitter load is correct (see Figure 60
"Installation for the TX test procedure" (page 208)).

TX isolation
a Isolate the TX.
b Install the test bench of the power measurement.

Checks
a For the TX to be examined, run the "BCCH configuration"
menu of the PA object.
b Enter the value "44" (maximum output power in dBm).
c Enter the value of the selected channel (either the value of
the frequency of the TX being measured, or the value "699"
that is the central value of the DSC 1800 band).
A message indicates the correct configuration, once the TX
received the information. The TX begins to transmit.
d Read the value displayed by the measuring device.
e Add the attenuation caused by the measurement and the
other one caused by the combiner and the internal cables.
f

Check that the final result corresponds to the theoretical


value.

TX de-isolation
De-isolate the TX.

ATTENTION
The transmission is stopped during the de-isolation operation.

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The procedure is complete


--End--

Figure 60
Installation for the TX test procedure

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Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)

Nortel GSM BTS S8006 Troubleshooting


Release: V18.0 PC2
Publication: 411-9001-085
Document revision: 18.02
Document release date: 19 January 2010
Copyright 2000-2008 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.
While the information in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable, except as otherwise expressly agreed to in writing
NORTEL PROVIDES THIS DOCUMENT "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED. The information and/or products described in this document are subject to change without notice.

Nortel, Nortel Networks, the Nortel logo, and the Globemark are trademarks of Nortel Networks.
LEGAL NOTICE
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While the information in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable, except otherwise expressly agreed to in writing
NORTEL PROVIDES THIS DOCUMENT "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED. The information and/or products described in this document are subject to change without notice.
Nortel, the Nortel logo, the Globemark, and S8000 are trademarks of Nortel Networks.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
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