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PORTABLE MOBILE CHARGER USING

SOLAR PANEL
SUBJECT:-ADVANCE COMPUTER
ARCHITECTURE
GUIDED BY-PROF PUNITHA .K
GROUP :-CHANDRANI
GHOSH(15MCA1036)
SUDESHNA
BHAKAT(15MCA1024)
SHIVAM GUPTA(15MCA1006)

The aim of our project is to build a system


that can generate power from that energy
which was previ-ously used to get lost.Our
project is extremely simple but highly
useful.This system when applied onlarge
scale can generate very high amount of
power this power then can be used for
upliftment of thecivilization.
Introduction:a battery charger, or recharger is a device used to put energy
into a secondary cell or rechargeble battery by forcing an electric
current through it.
every innovations starts from a simple day to day life problem like
you watching ipl in tv and suddenly the current shuts off,
fortunately you will find another way to watch the match via
mobile network. similarly, i too had faced a problem of frequent
drains in mobile battery while travelling.
running out of batteries on your mobile phone or tablet can be
inconvenient while youre traveling, grocery shopping, or when
youre on your way to meet someone.
portable chargers, which are small enough to fit in a purse, can
come in handy in those situations because they allow you to
charge your device while youre on the go.with the help of solar

panel we can charge our battery and can charge phone many
times and use it as needable.like that we can use it .

How They Works:a portable charger is like a portable battery you can plug your
phone or tablet in to charge it when you dont have access to an
electrical outlet or the usb port on computer.
portable chargers work similar to rechargeable batteries. you
charge your portable charger by plugging it into an outlet; the
portable charger stores the power; and when you plug your phone
in, the power is transferred from the battery to the phone .

ABOUT NEEDABLE COMPONENTS: PCB


7805 IC
1 K ohm RESISTANT
LED
9V BATTERY AND ITS CAP
SUPPLY WIRE OF CHARGER
SOLAR PANEL

ABOUT ALL COMPONENTS:-

Printed circuit board:A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects
electronic components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched
from copper sheets laminated onto a non-conductive substrate. PCBs can be single
sided (one copper layer), double sided (two copper layers) or multi-layer (outer and
inner layers). Multi-layer PCBs allow for much higher component density.
Conductors on different layers are connected with plated-through holes called vias.
Advanced PCBs may contain components - capacitors, resistors or active devices embedded in the substrate.

Printed circuit boards are used in all but the simplest electronic products.
Alternatives to PCBs include wire wrap and point-to-point construction. PCBs
require the additional design effort to lay out the circuit, but manufacturing and
assembly can be automated. Manufacturing circuits with PCBs is cheaper and
faster than with other wiring methods as components are mounted and wired with
one single part. Furthermore, operator wiring errors are eliminated.

Printed circuit board is the most common name but may also be
called printed wiring boards or printed wiring cards. Before
the advent of the PCB circuits were constructed through a
laborious process of point-to-point wiring. This led to frequent
failures at wire junctions and short circuits when wire insulation
began to age and crack.
A significant advance was the development of wire wrapping, where a small gauge
wire is literally wrapped around a post at each connection point, creating a gastight connection which is highly durable and easily changeable.

7805 IC:- Voltage regulator IC's are the ICs that are used to
regulate voltage.
IC 7805 is a 5V Voltage Regulator that restricts the voltage
output to 5V and draws 5V regulated power supply. It comes with
provision to add heatsink.

The maximum value for input to the voltage regulator is 35V. It


can provide a constant steady voltage flow of 5V for higher
voltage input till the threshold limit of 35V. If the voltage is near
to 7.5V then it does not produce any heat and hence no need for
heatsink. If the voltage input is more, then excess electricity is
liberated as heat from 7805.
It regulates a steady output of 5V if the input voltage is in rage of
7.2V to 35V. Hence to avoid power loss try to maintain the input
to 7.2V. In some circuitry voltage fluctuation is fatal (for e.g.
Microcontroller), for such situation to ensure constant voltage IC
7805 Voltage Regulator is used. For more information on
specifications of 7805 Voltage Regulator please refer the data
sheet here (IC 7805 Voltage Regulator Data Sheet).
Voltage Regulator is one of the most important and commonly
used electrical components. Voltage Regulators are responsible
for maintaining a steady voltage across an Electronic system.
Voltage fluctuations may result in undesirable effect on an
electronic system, so to maintaining a steady constant voltage is
necessary according to the voltage requirement of a system.

1 K ohm RESISTANT:A resistor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that implements


electrical resistance as a circuit element. Resistors act to reduce current flow, and,
at the same time, act to lower voltage levels within circuits. In electronic circuits,
resistors are used to limit current flow, to adjust signal levels, bias active elements,
and terminate transmission lines among other uses. High-power resistors that can
dissipate many watts of electrical power as heat may be used as part of motor
controls, in power distribution systems, or as test loads for generators. Fixed
resistors have resistances that only change slightly with temperature, time or
operating voltage. Variable resistors can be used to adjust circuit elements (such as
a volume control or a lamp dimmer), or as sensing devices for heat, light, humidity,
force, or chemical activity.
The electrical function of a resistor is specified by its resistance: common
commercial resistors are manufactured over a range of more than nine orders of
magnitude. The nominal value of the resistance will fall within a manufacturing
tolerance.
DEVICE POWER:-

1K Ohm 1/4 Watt 5% Tolerance Carbon Film Resistor. Max


Working Voltage: 250V. v

LED:A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source. It is a pn


junction diode, which emits light when activated. When a suitable voltage is
applied to the leads, electrons are able to recombine with electron holes within the
device, releasing energy in the form of photons. This effect is called
electroluminescence, and the color of the light (corresponding to the energy of the
photon) is determined by the energy band gap of the semiconductor.

SOLAR PANEL:Solar panel refers to a panel designed to absorb the sun's rays as a source of
energy for generating electricity or heating.
A PV module is a packaged, connected assembly of typically 610 solar cells.
Solar PV panels constitute the solar array of a photovoltaic system that generates
and supplies solar electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each
module is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions, and
typically ranges from 100 to 320 watts. The efficiency of a module determines the
area of a module given the same rated output an 8% efficient 230 watt module
will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt module. There are a few solar
panels available that are exceeding 19% efficiency. A single solar module can
produce only a limited amount of power; most installations contain multiple
modules.

The price of solar power, together with batteries for storage, has continued to fall
so that in many countries it is cheaper than ordinary fossil fuel electricity from the
grid (there is "grid parity"). For example in 2015, an average home in Europe or
the US could use around 3,000 kilowatt-hour (kWh) in electricity each year.Twelve
280 watt solar PV modules (each generating 250 kWh annually) would generate at
least 3,000 kWh each year, even in a cloudy country like the UK. An example
market price would be about 8,000 in the UK, $12,000 in the US, or 10,000 in
the Eurozone in 2015, which is certain to continually fall,allowing permanent
energy independence for each household. Most governments have feed-in tariff
systems that allow homeowner to sell surplus energy back into the grid, and make
a future profit on their investment.

9V BATTERY & SUPPLY WIRE OF CHARGER:-

Working IMAGE:-

WORKING WITH SOLAR CHARGER:-

CHAR
GING the rechargeable BATTERY

It charging the mobile battery

CONCLUSION:Our project goal is to develop a miniature solar panel to be installed onto


the cellphone itself . This way, the phone can charge independently;
independent of power outlets and independent of wires. There wont be
any need for electrical outlets or portable solar panels. Themobile phone
will be able to charge anywhere outside or where it is exposed to sun
light. Aminiature solar cell will be built into the phone and able to
absorb enough sunlight to charge thedevice while in use.
Being liberated from wires and power outlets is just one of the many
advantages of having solar panels on cell phones. As the worlds
resources are diminishing, governments areencouraging for a
green movement to help conserve the limited supply.
Solar energy is gaining popularity because of the free and abundant
energy. This fact alone will save customersmoney on their electric bills.
The energy is also clean and produces no hazardous waste likesome of
the other power generation resources.