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Results

Heater (kW)

Air Inlet dry


bulb, T1 (C)
Air Inlet wet
bulb, T2 (C)
Air Outlet dry
bulb T3 (C)
Ar Outlet bulb,
T4 (C)
Water Inlet
Temperature,T
5 (C)
Water Outlet
Temperature,T
6 (C)
Heater Power
(W)
Dp Orifice
Dp Column

31.5

0.5
Fully
Half
Opene Open
d
ed
Blowe Blowe
r
r
30.4
30.2

1.0
Fully
Half
Open Opene
ed
d
Blowe Blowe
r
r
30.4
30.5

1.5
Fully
Half
Open Opene
ed
d
Blowe Blower
r
30.6
30.6

29.9

25.8

25.6

25.6

25.8

26

25.8

29.2

26.9

26.4

27

27.4

28

28.7

26.5

27.0

26.0

26.8

27.4

28.3

29.1

45.5

37.3

35.6

40

39.1

43.4

44.5

51.1

25.8

25.4

25.7

26.2

26.5

26.9

402

408

793

755

1190

1149

0
0

96
10

82
9

96
11

80
9

95
11

82
10

SAMPLE CALCULATION
EXPERIMENT 1: EFFECT OF HEATING LOAD
Fixed variables;
1. Air flow = 100% (Damper fully open)
2. Water flow rate = 1.0 LPM
a) Heating load = 0.5 kW
Range of cooling tower;
Range

= Water inlet temperature, T5 - water outlet temperature, T6


= 37.3C 25.8C
=11.5C

Approach of cooling tower;

Approach = Water outlet temperature, T6 Air outlet wet bulb, T2


= 25.8C 25.8 C
= 0 C
Efficiency of cooling towers;

range
range+approach

11.5
= 11.5 +0

100

100

100 %

Total cooling load;


Cooling load = pump input, Q1 + heating load

W
(0.5 kW 1000
1kW )

= 402 W +
= 902 W
b) Heating load = 1.0 kW

Range of cooling tower;


Range

= Water inlet temperature, T5 - water outlet temperature, T6


= 40.0C 25.7C
=14.3C

Approach of cooling tower;


Approach = Water outlet temperature, T6 Air outlet wet bulb, T2
= 25.7C 25.6 C
= 0.1 C
Efficiency of cooling towers;

range
range+approach

100

14.3

= 14.3+ 0.1
=

100

99.31 %

Total cooling load;


Cooling load = pump input, Q1 + heating load

W
(1.0 kW 1000
1 kW )

= 793 W +
= 1793 W
c) Heating load = 1.5 kW

Range of cooling tower;


Range

= Water inlet temperature, T5 - water outlet temperature, T6


= 43.4C 26.5C
=16.9C

Approach of cooling tower;


Approach = Water outlet temperature, T6 Air outlet wet bulb, T2
= 26.5C 26.0 C
= 0.5 C
Efficiency of cooling towers;

range
range+approach

16.9
= 16.9+ 0.5

100

100

97.13 %

Total cooling load;


Cooling load = pump input, Q1 + heating load

= 1190 W +

W
(1.5 kW 1000
1 kW )

= 2690 W

Heating load (kW)


Range (C)
Approach of cooling

0.5
11.5
0

1.0

1.5

14.3

16.9

0.1

0.5

water (C)
Efficiency of cooling

100

99.31

97.13

water, (%)
Total cooling load (W)

902

1793

2690

EXPERIMENT 2: BLOWER DAMPER


Fixed variables;
1. Heating load = 0.5 kW
2. Water flow rate = 1.0 LPM
a) Air flow = 100 % (Blower fully open)
Range of cooling tower;
Range

= Water inlet temperature, T5 - water outlet temperature, T6


= 37.3C 25.8C
=11.5C

Approach of cooling tower;


Approach = Water outlet temperature, T6 Air outlet wet bulb, T2
= 25.8C 25.8 C
= 0 C
Efficiency of cooling towers;

range
range+approach

100

11.5

= 11.5 +0
=

100

100 %

Total cooling load;


Cooling load = pump input, Q1 + heating load

W
(0.5 kW 1000
1kW )

= 402 W +
= 902 W

a) Air flow = 50 % (Blower half open)


Range of cooling tower;
Range

= Water inlet temperature, T5 - water outlet temperature, T6


= 35.6C 25.4C
=10.2C

Approach of cooling tower;


Approach = Water outlet temperature, T6 Air outlet wet bulb, T2
= 25.4C 25.6 C
= -0.2 C
Efficiency of cooling towers;

range
range+approach

10.2
= 1 0.20.2

100

100

102 %

Total cooling load;


Cooling load = pump input, Q1 + heating load

= 408 W +

W
(0.5 kW 1000
1kW )

= 908 W

Air Flow
Range (C)
Approach of cooling

100%
11.5
0.7

50%
10.2
0.5

water (C)
Efficiency of cooling

100

102

water, (%)
Total cooling load (W)

902

908