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Faculdades Hoyler

Curso de Sistemas de Informação


Inglês Instrumental

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Indique abaixo, as linhas onde se encontra a descrição para o seguinte:

Computer = l. ____
Input = l. ____
Software = l. _____

Com base no texto, responda às perguntas:


a. Quais os três passos no processamento de dados?
____________________________________________________________________________________
b. Qual a definição do texto para software?
____________________________________________________________________________________
c. De que formas se apresenta o output ?
____________________________________________________________________________________

Determinados verbos são usados para descrever ou definir, em especial no presente. São eles: to
mean, to consist of, refer to, to define, to be e outros. Sublinhe no texto, dois exemplos desses
verbos.

Usa-se o Present Simple ou Simple Present para falar de:


I. Situações, estados permanentes;
Ex: Folders contain documents or files.
II. Fatos e conceitos de senso comum ou leis da natureza;
Ex: Computers have their own language.
III. Ações que se repetem, pela freqüência ou pelo hábito;
Ex: The desktop appears before you boot up.
Curso de Sistemas de Informação 2
Inglês Instrumental I

Leia as frases abaixo e indique a finalidade de uso do Simple Present em cada uma:
a. The conference starts at 10 o’clock. ( )
b. She works as a media specialist. ( )
c. Water freezes at 0ºC. ( )
d. I usually read PCWorld magazine. ( )
e. He likes coffee. ( )
f. Do you use computers at work? ( )

Simple Present
Afirmativa
Circule a forma adequada para completar as I / you / we / they work
frases: He / she / it works

Close This command ( close / closes ) the open file. Interrogativa


Copy This editing command ( copy / copies ) any Do I / you / we / they work?
Does he / she / it work?
highlighted text or images and
( keep / keeps ) it in memory. Negativa
Cut This editing command ( delete / deletes ) I / you / we / they don’t work.
He/she/it doesn’t work
any highlighted text or image.
Font It ( ormats / fomat ) or ( change / changes the Ao usarmos 3ª pessoa do singular (masculino, feminino
type, style and size of the characters. ou neutro) singular, acrescentamos –s à base. Exceção
Language This tool ( open / opens ) a thesaurus to help se faz, quando o verbo terminar em – ss, -sh, -ch, -z, -o,
situação em que acrescentaremos –es.
you find synonyms and antonyms. Kiss kisses
Open This command ( open / opens ) a file from Wish wishes
one of the computer’s drives. Go góes
Watch watches
Paragraph It ( fomat / formats ) the paragraph settings Quando o verbo termina em uma consoante + y,
to change the way the paragraph looks. trocamos o –y por – ies.
Study studies
Paste This editing commands ( put / puts ) anything that
Try tries
is on the clipboard onto the screen.
Picture The picture commands ( insert / inserts ) a Advérbios de freqüência
picture or image into your document. Em geral são colocados:
Antes do verbo principal;
Print Layout It ( view / views ) the open document as it will look Ex. Mary never goes to concerts.
when it is printed. Depois do verbo to be;
Save It ( save / saves ) the open file or document. Ex. She is always late.
Outras expressões de tempo usadas com o
Undo This editing tool ( cancel / cancels ) the last Simple Present, vêm ao final da frase.
command. It ( don’t wok / does not work ) with Exs: I come to school evey Monday.
I go to my Office on weekdays / on Tuesdays.
every command.
She goes there once / twice / three times a
week.

Pesquise o significado dos advérbios abaixo, e coloque-os no diagrama, de acordo com a


freqüência que representam:

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Apostila de Inglês Instrumental


Profª Jussara Oliveira
Curso de Sistemas de Informação 3
Inglês Instrumental I

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Complete as frases abaixo com o advérbio sugerido entre parênteses:

a. I receive messages on my mobile phone. (often)


___________________________________________________________________________
b. Jan sends articles to newsgroups. (sometimes)
___________________________________________________________________________
c. Do you help your friends with their homework? (usually)
___________________________________________________________________________
d. He is sending an e-mail. (always)
___________________________________________________________________________
e. They chat with strangers on the Web. ( never)
___________________________________________________________________________
f. She enjoys watching TV. She watches it. (every evening)
___________________________________________________________________________

Nas frases abaixo, circule o verbo no Simple Present e então relacione-o a um dos
significados disponíveis no quadro:

abrir / abre ser / são controlar / controla armazenar / armazena


medir / mede mostrar / mostra operar / opera
aparecer / aparece pôr / põem precisar / precisa

a. The desktop shows a number of icons on a background picture or color. ( )


b. Double-clicking on an icon with the mouse opens a computer program, a folder or a file. ( )
c. We measure the Random Access Memory of the computer in megabytes. ( )
d. The desktop appears before you boot up. ( )
e. People usually put their favorite programs on the desktop. ( )
f. RAM controls the performance of the computer. ( )
g. The hard disk stores data and software programs. ( )
h. Computer programs are software. ( )
i. Most computers run the Microsoft Windows Operating System. ( )
j. Programs with a lot of graphics need a large RAM. ( )

Apostila de Inglês Instrumental


Profª Jussara Oliveira
Curso de Sistemas de Informação 4
Inglês Instrumental I

Para o exercício de Compreensão Oral, leia as instruções abaixo:

1. Leia o texto escrito abaixo silenciosamente 1 vez, preparando-se para o texto oral.
2. Ao ouvir o texto pela primeira vez, procure sublinhar ou circular palavras cujo som conseguiu detectar
com mais clareza.
3. Ouvindo o texto pela segunda vez, procure ver quantas palavras da “Word Box” você consegue
inserir no texto.
4. Depois de ouvir o texto várias vezes, preenchendo sua forma escrita adequadamente, complete o
diagrama no verso.

A computer _ consists of two parts: the and the hardware.The software is the in the
form of data and program instructions.The _________ components are the electronic and the
of the system. The basic structure of the computer system is made up of three main harware sections:
1. The Central Processing Unit or CPU;
2. The Main Memory and
3. The peripherals;
The CPU is a which executes and coordinates the activities of all the other
components In order to improve the computer’s performance the user can add expansion cards for video,
sound and networking.
The main memory holds the instructions and which are currently being processed by the CPU.
The internal of a microcomputer is usually composed of two sections:
- RAM – Ramdom Access Memory , and
- ROM – Read-only Memory.
The are the physical units attached to the computer. They include input and output devices, as
well as storage devices. Input devices enable us to present information to the computer, for example, the
keyboard and the mouse. Output allow us to extract the results from the computer. For example,
we can see the output on the or in printed form. Secondary storage devices such as , hard and
optical disks are used to store information permanently. For example, we use CDs and DVDs to store large
amounts of information.

a. mechanical parts
b. information
c. hardware
d. monitor
e. software
f. program instructions
g. system
h. microprocessor chip
i. devices
j. memory
k. peripherals
l. data
m. floppy

Cambridge Infotech CD, Faixa 3

Apostila de Inglês Instrumental


Profª Jussara Oliveira