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Journal Of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) 
Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packets associated with nonuniform multiresolution analysis with multiplicity D
^{1} Nadya A. S. Atlouba, ^{2} Ajit Paul, ^{3} Naser R. Naser
^{1} , ^{2} , ^{3} Department of
Mathematics and Statistics,
SHIATS, (Deemed to be University), Allahabad, India211 007
I.
INTRODUCTION
In [9,10] Gabardo and Nashed considered a generalization of Mallat’s[16] theory of MRA based on spectral pairs where the translation set is of the form {0, / } + 2 ℤ , where ≥ 1 is an integer, 1 ≤ ≤ 2 − 1, is an odd integer and , are relatively prime, which is called NUMRA. In [14] we provided the necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of NUMRAMW multiplicity D. G.Gripenberg and X. Wang gave the characterization theorem for dyadic orthonormal wavelet in ^{2} (ℝ ) Wavelet packets constructed by coifman [15] it was gave rise to a large class of orthonormal bases of ^{2} (ℝ ) into direct sum of its closed subspaces Wavelet packets. Behera[2,3] has constructed nonuniform wavelet packets associated with NUMRA. In [1] we constructed multiwavelet packets associated with nonuniform multiresolution analysis with multiplicity D (NUMRAD). Firdous [8] introduce the notion of biorthogonal wavelet packets associated with nonuniform multiresolution analysis. Our result extends the biorthogonal wavelet packets of Firdous shah into NUMRAD in has constructed nonuniform wavelet packets associated with NUMRA.
II. BASIC DEFINITIONS AND NOTATION
We will state some important preliminaries and notation in this section that we are need it in the recent paper. First we recall the definition of − as defined in [14], some of its properties and the associate multiwavelet packets [13, 8, 14] as follows:
Definition 2.1. A nonuniform multiresolution analysis with multiplicity for dilation ≡ 2 and translation Λ, is a collection { _{} } _{} _{∈} _{ℤ} of closed subspaces of ^{2} ( ℝ ) satisfying the following axioms:
( 1) _{} ⊂ _{} _{+}_{1} , ∈ ℤ, ·
( 3) _{} = {0},
2
∈ _{}
∈ℤ
·
∈ _{} _{+}_{1} ,
∈ ℤ,
( 4) _{} ^{2} ( ℝ ), and
∈ℤ
(P5) There exist functions ^{1} , ^{2} ,
,
^{}
∈ _{0} , called
the scaling functions, such that the collection { ^{} (·
−
) ∶
∈ Λ, 1 ≤
≤
} is a complete orthonormal basis for _{0} .
In the axiom ( 5),
multiplicity . When ≥ 1, the dilation factor of ensures that Λ ⊂ 2 ℤ ⊂ Λ. In the theory of multresolution analysis, another sequence { _{} } _{} _{∈}_{ℤ} of closed subspaces of ^{2} ( ℝ ) is defined by
, ^{} } is called multiscaling function of
the set of scaling functions Φ ≡ { ^{1} , ^{2} ,
_{} = _{} _{+}_{1} ⊝ _{} , ∈ ℤ and ⊝ denotes the orthogonal complement of _{} in _{} _{+}_{1} , for an − { _{} } _{} _{∈}_{ℤ} with dilation factor . These subspaces hold the scaling property of { _{} } _{} _{∈}_{ℤ} , and we have :
^{2} (ℝ ) = ⨁ _{} _{∈}_{ℤ} _{} = _{0} ⨁( ⨁ _{} _{≥}_{0} _{} )
(1)
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Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with…
in ^{2} ( ℝ ) is said to be a nonuniform multiwavelet
associated with the − { _{} } _{} _{∈}_{ℤ}
orthonormal basis for _{0} . We call Ψ to be an − multiwavelet. In view of properties of _{} , the collection
A set of functions
∈ Λ} forms an
{ ^{}
∶
1 ≤
≤
( −
1) } ∶= Ψ
if the collection { ^{} (· − ) ∶
1
≤
≤ ( − 1) ,
{ ^{} ^{/}^{2} ^{} ( ^{}
·
− ) ∶
∈ ℤ, 1 ≤
≤
( − 1) ,
∈ Λ}
forms an orthonormal basis for ^{2} (ℝ ) if Ψ is a nonuniform multiwavelet. Below we mention a result obtained in [14] that will be used in sequel.
Theorem 2.2. Suppose { _{} } _{} _{∈}_{ℤ} is an − with dilation and translation Λ. If there exist functions ^{} , 1 ≤ ≤ , in _{1} such that the family of functions
_{1} ^{′} ∶=
^{}
·
−
,
^{}
·
−
: 1
≤
≤
;
1
≤
≤
;
∈ Λ
forms an orthonormal system for the generating subspace _{1} , then; = ( − 1) is a necessary and sufficient condition such that the above system is complete in _{1} .
Proposition 2.3. Suppose { _{} } _{} _{∈}_{ℤ} is an − with dilation and translation Λ. Then the space _{1} consists precisely of the functions ∈ ^{2} ( ℝ ) whose Fourier transform can be written as
=
^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{} ( ),
. .
∈ ℝ ,
(2)
=1
for locally ^{2} functions ^{} ^{,} ^{} for 1 ≤ ≤ together with
_{−} 2
^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{} ^{,} ^{}
= _{1}
+
^{} ^{,} ^{}
_{2} , , are locally ^{2} , 1/2periodic functions.
,
=1
∈Λ
,
^{}
^{2}
(3)
where _{1} ^{} ^{,} ^{} and _{2} ^{} ^{,} ^{} , = 1, 2,
In the above proposition the space _{1} consist functions ∈ ^{2} ( ℝ ). Since (1/ ) ( / ) ∈ _{0} , there exists a
sequence { _{} ^{} = ( _{} ^{} ^{,}^{1} , _{} ^{} ^{,}^{2} ,
1
, _{} ^{} ^{,} ^{} )} _{} _{∈}_{Λ} satisfying
) ,
< ∞ such that
= _{} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{} ( −
^{}
(4)
=1 ∈ Λ
or, equivalently, by taking the Fourier transform of both sides of the previous equation, we obtained the result
(2.1) and (2.2), with
^{} ^{,} ^{}
_{1} ^{}
^{,} ^{} ( )
=
=
∈Λ
∈ℤ
_{} , _{} −2
,
,
2
_{} −4
,
_{2}
^{} ^{,} ^{} ( )
=
∈ℤ
, 2 +
_{} −4
.
(5)
(6)
We denote by Φ and Ψ column vectors in ^{}
respectively. In particular, since ^{} ( ) ∈ _{0} ⊂ _{1} , from Proposition 2.3 there are locally ^{2} functions _{0} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{′} , for 1 ≤ , ^{′} ≤ , such that, for a.e.
^{} },
and
in
^{}
as
Φ =
{ ^{1} ,
,
^{} }
and
Ψ = { ^{1} ,
,
^{}
=
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{′}
_{0}
^{} ^{′}
^{=}
^{} ^{′}
,
^{} 01
+
_{−} 2 ^{}
^{} ^{′}
,
^{} 02
^{} ^{′}
.
(7)
,
′
Taking _{0}_{1}
^{′} =1
^{≡} ^{} 01 ^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{′} and
, ^{′} _{0}_{2}
^{′} =1
^{≡} ^{} 02 ^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{′} , in the matrix notation, this can be written as follows:
Φ
=
_{0}
Φ
,
. .
∈ ℝ ,
with _{0} ( ) = _{0}_{1} ( ) + ^{−}^{2} ^{}^{} ^{}^{} ^{/} ^{} _{0}_{2}
,
called lowpass filters (or scaling matrix filters)
associated with the scaling family Φ. Similarly, in case of ^{} ( ) ∈ _{0} ⊂ _{1} , where _{0} = ^{} − : 1 ≤ ≤ ; ∈ Λ , there are locally ^{2}
functions _{1} ^{} ^{} ^{,} ^{} , for 1 ≤ ≤ and 1 ≤ ≤ such that, for a.e. ∈ ℝ ,
( )
where the matrices _{0}_{1} and _{0}_{2} defined by
_{0}_{1}
=
, ^{′} _{0}_{1}
1 ≤ , ^{′} ≤
^{a}^{n}^{d} ^{} ^{0}^{2} ^{=}
,
^{} ^{′} _{1} _{≤}_{} _{,} _{} _{′} _{≤}_{} are usually
^{} ^{0}^{2}
^{}
=
_{1} ^{} ^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{} ( )
=
^{} ,
11
_{(} _{} _{)}
_{+}
_{} −2 /
_{}
^{} ^{,} ^{} ( )
12
^{} ( ),
(8)
=1
=1
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Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with…
whose matrix notation is given as follows by considering _{1}_{1} ^{} ≡
,
, ^{}
^{} 12
^{} ^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{≡} ^{} _{1}_{2}
∶
Ψ
= _{1}
Φ ( ),
. .
^{} ^{,} ^{}
11
and
∈ ℝ ,
with _{1} = _{1}_{1} ( ) + ^{−}^{2} ^{}^{} ^{}^{} ^{/}^{} _{1}_{2} ( ), where the matrices _{1}_{1} and _{1}_{2} defined by 


_{1}_{1} 
= 
, _{1}_{1} 
1 ≤ 
≤ ,1 ≤ 
≤ 

and 


_{1}_{2} 
= 
, _{1}_{2} 
1 ≤ 
≤ ,1 ≤ 
≤ 
are usually called highpass filters associated with the scaling family (Ψ, Φ).
Definition
_{} ^{} =
will be called the basic nonuniform multiwavelet packets corresponding to the − { _{} ∶ ∈ ℤ} of
^{2} (ℝ ) associated with
Note that (4.2) defines _{} ^{} for every nonnegative integer l and every such that 1 ≤ ≤ .
Now _{0} ^{} = ^{} , = 1,
{0}, we define
_{} ^{} : 1 ≤ ≤ , recursively as follows. Suppose that { _{} ^{} : 1 ≤ ≤ , ∈ ℕ _{0} } are defined already. Then
2.4.
=1
The
^{}
function 
_{} ^{} : 1 ≤ ≤ , 
1 ≤ ≤ 
as 
defined 
as 
follows 
^{} ( / ) , . . 
∈ ℝ . 
(9) 
multiplicity while _{} ^{}
, 1 ≤ ≤ −
1,
= 1,· · ·
_{} , ,
the dilation .
, is a multiscaling function of
, , are the basic multiwavelets associated with − . Now for any ∈ ℕ _{0} = ℕ
define _{} _{+}_{} _{}
, 0 ≤ ≤ − 1, by
^{} +
=
=1
∈Λ
_{} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} _{}
^{} ( −
) .
Note that (4.2) defines _{} ^{} for ≥ 0. Taking Fourier transform we get
^{(} ^{} +
)( ) =
=1
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ( / ) _{}
^{} ( / ) ,
0 ≤ ≤ −
1,
1 ≤
(10) 

≤ . 
(11) 
Theorem 2.5.[1] Let
the − { _{} }. Then
_{} ^{} : ≥ 0,
1 ≤ ≤
(i)
^{}
_{}
· −
: ( ) ^{}
≤ ≤ ( ) ^{} ^{+}^{1} −
be the basic nonuniform multiwavelet packets associated with
1,
∈ Λ,
1 ≤ ≤
is an orthonormal basis of _{} , ≥ 0.
(ii)
(iii)
_{} ^{} (· − ) ∶
_{} ^{} (· − ) ∶
0 ≤ ≤ ( ) ^{} − 1,
≥ 0,
∈ Λ , 1 ≤ ≤
is an orthonormal basis of _{} , ≥ 0.
∈ Λ,
1 ≤ ≤
is an orthonormal basis of ^{2} (ℝ ).
Now as in (4), (7), (8), (9), (10) and (11) we can define:
^{} ^{}
=
=
^{′} =1 =1
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{′}
_{0}
_{1} ^{} ^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{} ^{′}
^{} ( )
_{} ^{}
=
^{} +
)( ) =
^{(} ^{} +
=1
_{} , ,
^{}
^{} ( / ) , . .
∈ ℝ
=
=1
=1
∈Λ
_{} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} _{} ^{} ( − )
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ( / ) _{}
^{} ( / ) , 0 ≤ ≤ −
And
(12) 

(13) 

(14) 

(15) 

1, 1 ≤ 
≤ 
(16) 
_{} , , _{=}
,
0
^{} : ≠ 0;
,
0
^{} : = 0, 1 ≤
= +
− 1
− 1
,
≤
;
; 1 ≤ , ≤ ; 1 ≤ ≤ ( − 1); ^{} ^{=} ^{1}^{,}^{2}
III. BIORTHOGONAL MULTIWAVELET PACKETS
Definition 3.1. A pair of function , ( ) ∈ ^{2} (ℝ ) are biorthogonal, if their translates satisfy
.
, (. − )
= _{0}_{,} _{} ,
∈ Λ.
Where _{0}_{,} _{} is kronecker symbol.
If ^{} , ^{} ( ) ∈ ^{2} (ℝ ) are a pair of biorthogonal scaling functions, then
^{} Moreover we say
nonuniform multiwavelet associated with
.
, ^{} (. − )
that
_{} ^{} .
,
= _{0}_{,} _{} , _{} ^{} . −
∈ Λ, 1 ≤ ≤ .
∈ ^{2}
ℝ
(17)
of
biorthogonal
biorthogonal scaling functions ^{} . , ^{} (. − ) if the family
, 1 ≤ ≤ − 1,1 ≤ ≤
are
pair
a pair of
_{} ^{}
. −
: ∈ Λ, = 1, … , − 1, 1 ≤ ≤
is a riesz of _{0} , and
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Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with…
^{}
^{}
_{} ^{}
.
.
.
, _{} ^{} (. − ) , _{} ^{} (. − ) , _{} ^{} (. − )
= 0 ,
=
0 ,
= _{} _{,} _{}
∈ Λ, 1 ≤ ≤ − 1, 1 ≤ ≤ ∈ Λ, 1 ≤ ≤ − 1, 1 ≤ ≤
_{} _{,} _{} ,
∈ Λ, 1 ≤ , ≤ − 1, 1 ≤ ≤
(18)
(19)
(20)
Proposition 3.2. If _{} ^{} , _{} ^{} ( ) ∈ 
^{2} 
ℝ 
, 1 ≤ ≤ − 1 are 
a 
pair 
of 
biorthogonal nonuniform 



^{} 

, ^{} 

, ^{2} ℝ 
= 
^{⊕} ∈ ℤ ^{} ^{=} ^{} 0 ^{⨁} Where
^{⊕} ≥0
^{}
−1 _{} ^{=} ^{⊕} ∈ℤ ^{⊕} _{} _{=}_{1}
_{} ^{} =
_{} ^{}
^{} . −
: ∈ Λ, ∈ ℤ, 1 ≤ ≤ − 1, = 1, … ,
(21)
Lemma 3.3. Let ^{} , ^{} ( ) be a pair of scaling functions. Then ^{} , ^{} ( ) are biorthogonal scaling if
and only if
, multiwavelet associated with a pair of biorthogonal scaling functions _{0} ^{} ( ) and _{0} ^{} ( ). Then,
Lemma 3.4. Asume that
1 ≤ ≤ − 1, 1 ≤ ≤ are a pair of biorthogonal nonuniform
=1
^{} −
_{} ^{} , _{}
^{} ( − ) = 1 a. e
^{} ∈ ^{2} ℝ
∈Λ
ξ ∈ ℝ .
−1
=0
=1
_{} , ,
^{}
+ 2
_{} , ,
^{}
+ 2
= _{} _{,} _{} ,
0 ≤ , ≤ − 1, 1 ≤ ≤
Proof. By (11), (14), (17), (21) and Lemma 3.3, we have
(22)
_{} _{,} _{}
=
∈Λ
^{}
_{}
+ 2
=
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{−}^{1}
+ 2
∈Λ =1
×
^{} ( ^{−}^{1}
_{0}
−1
+ 2
)
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{}
_{} ^{} + 2
^{}
_{0}
^{−}^{1}
^{−}^{1}
+ 2
+ 2
=
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{−}^{1}
+ 2
=0 =1
^{} ^{−}^{1}
× + 2 ) + 2
_{0}
−1
^{}
_{0}
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{−}^{1}
+ 2
^{−}^{1}
+ 2
+ 2
=
=0 =1
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{−}^{1}
+ 2
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{}
^{−}^{1}
+ 2
. ∎
nonuniform
multiwavelet Packets of multipilicity D with respect to a pair of biorthogonal scaling functions _{0} ^{} ( ) and
_{0} ^{} ( ), respectively. Then, for ≥ 0, we have
. −
Proof. The proof it will be by induction, for = 0,1, … , − 1, (15) is true from (11), (14). Assume that it holds when < ; > 0. For = . Order = + , where ≥ 0, 0 ≤ ≤ − 1 & < . We have
Theorem
^{}
_{}
.
3.5.
Suppose
^{}
^{}
_{}
: ≥ 0, 1 ≤ ≤
∈ Λ, 1 ≤ ≤
and
^{}
_{}
: ≥ 0, 1 ≤ ≤
are
, _{}
= _{0}_{,} _{} ,
(23)
_{}
And
^{}
.
,
_{} ^{} (. − )
=
= _{0}_{,} _{}
ℝ
=1
⇔
=1
( 0,2
=1
^{}
_{}
∈Λ
.
,
^{=}
ℝ
_{} ^{} − _{}
^{} ( − )
_{} ^{} (. − )
^{} +
^{}
^{} ( / )
^{}
_{} + 2
=
^{}
_{}
.
^{} +
( )
,
+ 2 )
_{} , ,
^{}
= 1
, ∈ ℝ .
_{} ^{} (. − )
_{} 2
_{} _{}
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ( / ) _{}
_{} , ,
+ )
^{}
_{=}
+ 2
[0,2 ]
^{} (
_{}
=1
_{}
=1
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ( / ) _{}
^{}
×
+ 2
=1
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ( / ) ^{2} ^{}^{} ^{} ^{}
^{} ( / )
_{} 2
^{} ( / )
_{=}
∈ Λ
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ( / ) _{}
_{} , ,
^{}
= _{}
0,2
∈Λ =1
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} ( / )
−1
_{=} _{} , ,
[0,2 ]
=0
=1
^{}
+
2
^{} ^{,} ^{} ^{,} ^{} (
+
2 ) ^{2} ^{}^{} ^{} ^{}
_{} _{}
^{2} ^{}^{} ^{} ^{}
_{} 2
_{} _{}
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 Vol. 5  Iss. 8  August 2015  56 
Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with…
_{=} _{} 2
_{} _{}
= _{0}_{,} _{} .
∎
[0,2 ]
Theorem 3.6. Suppose _{} ^{} : ≥ 0, 1 ≤ ≤
multiwavelet Packets of multipilicity D with respect to a pair of biorthogonal scaling functions _{0} ^{} ( ) and _{0} ^{} ( ), respectively. Then, for ≥ 0, we have
Nonuniform
and
_{} ^{}
: ≥ 0,1 ≤ ≤
are
^{} ^{} 1+
^{.}
^{,} ^{} ^{} 2+
. −
= _{0}_{,} _{} _{} _{1} _{,} _{} _{2} , ∈ Λ, 0 ≤ _{1} , _{2} ≤ − 1,1 ≤ ≤
(24)
Proof. Similar steps in above proof.
Theorem
multiwavelet packets with respect to a pair of biorthogonal multiscaling functions
respectively. Then, for , ≥ 0, we have
3.7.
If
^{}
_{}
: ≥ 0, = 1, … ,
and
^{}
_{}
: ≥ 0,
= 1, … ,
are
basic _{0} ^{} ( )
.
, _{}
^{} (. − )
= _{} _{,} _{} _{0}_{,} _{}
(25)
nonuniform
^{} ( ),
and _{0}
Proof. For = , the result (25) follows by Theorem 3.5. When ≠ , and 0 ≤ , ≤ − 1 0 ≤ ℓ, the result
(25) can be get from Theorem 3.6. Assuming that ≠ , and at least one of , does not lies in 0,1, … , −
1, then we can rewrite , as = _{1} + _{1} , = _{2} + _{2} , where _{1}_{,} _{2} ≥ 0, 0
Case 1. If _{1} = _{2} , then _{1} ≠ _{2} . Therefore, Eq. (25) follows by (11),(15), Lemma and (22), i.e.,
≤
_{1} , _{2} ≤
− 1.
.
, _{}
^{} (. − )
=
_{} _{1} _{+}_{} _{} _{1}
^{.}
^{,} ^{} ^{} 2+ _{2}
(. − )
^{=}
^{} _{1} + _{1}
^{.}
^{,} ^{} ^{} 2+ _{2}
(. − )
_{=}
ℝ
_{} , _{1} ,
_{} −1 _{}
^{=}
^{} 1
ℝ
^{} _{1} + _{1}
^{−}^{1} _{}
2
^{.}
^{} ^{} 2+ _{2}
_{.}
_{−} _{}
_{} −1 _{}
_{} , _{2} ,
_{} 2
_{} −1 _{}
_{} 2
_{} _{}
=
_{=} _{} , _{1} ,
∈ Λ
( 0,2
+ )
_{} ^{−}^{1} _{}
^{} 1
^{−}^{1} _{}
2
_{} −1 _{}
_{} , _{2} ,
_{} −1 _{}
_{} 2
_{} _{}
[0,2 ]
∈Λ
=
_{}
_{1}
[0,2 ]
^{−}^{1}
−1
=0
( + )
^{} ^{,} ^{} 1 ^{,} ^{}
^{} 2
^{−}^{1} ( + )
_{} , _{1} ,
_{} −1 _{}
_{} _{} _{,} _{} _{2} _{,} _{}
_{} _{−}_{1} _{}
^{−}^{1} ( + 2 )
^{} ^{,} ^{} 2 ^{,} ^{}
^{−}^{1} ( + 2 )
^{2} ^{} ^{} ^{} ^{}
_{} 2 _{} _{}
=
[0,2 ]
_{} _{1} _{,} _{} _{2}
^{2} ^{}^{} ^{} ^{}
=
_{0}_{,} _{} = 0
− 1. If
_{3} = _{4} , then _{3} ≠ _{4} . Similar to Case 1, (25) can be established. When _{3} ≠ _{4} , we order _{3} = _{5} + _{5} , _{4} = _{6} + _{6} , where _{5} _{,} _{6} ≥ 0 and 0 ≤ _{5} , _{6} ≤ − 1. Thus, after taking finite steps (denoted by ), we obtain 0 ≤ _{} , _{2} _{} ≤ − 1 and 0 ≤ _{} _{,} _{2} _{} ≤ − 1. If _{} = _{2} _{} , then _{} ≠ _{2}_{} .Similar to the Case 1, (25) follows. If _{} ≠ _{} , then
Case 2. If _{1} ≠ _{2} , order _{1} = _{3} +
_{3} , _{2} = _{4} +
_{4} , where _{3} , _{4} ≥ 0 and 0 ≤ _{3} , _{4} ≤
^{}
.
, _{} _{2} _{}
.
= 0,
∈ Λ ⟺
_{} _{}
( − ) _{} _{2} _{}
( − )
= 0
∈Λ
Furthermore, we obtain
.
^{=}
^{} (. − )
, _{}
^{} _{1} + _{1}
^{.}
= _{}
^{,} ^{} _{2} + _{2}
.
^{} (. − )
, _{}
(. − )
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 Vol. 5  Iss. 8  August 2015  57 
Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with…
^{=}
ℝ
^{} _{1} + _{1}
^{.}
^{} _{2} + _{2}
(. − )
_{} 2
_{}_{}
=
2)3−24−2,2, −1,4,−12
ℝ
_{} , _{1} ,
_{} −1 _{}
_{} , _{3} ,
_{} −2 _{(}_{} _{+}
=
ℝ
=
_{} , _{} ,
_{} − _{}
^{}
^{−}^{} _{} _{2} _{} ^{−}^{}
=
_{} , _{} _{+}_{1} ,
_{} − _{}
_{} 2
_{}_{}
_{=}
∈
^{} ( ,
= 0
+ )
_{} , _{} ,
=
_{} − _{}
( _{} _{} ^{−}^{} _{} _{2} _{} ^{−}^{} )
_{=} _{} , _{} ,
_{} − _{}
_{} , _{} _{+}_{1} ,
_{} − _{}
_{} [ , ]
=
=
+ ) _{} _{2} _{} ^{−}^{} ( + ) ^{2} ^{}^{}^{}^{}
_{} , _{} _{+}_{1} ,
=
_{} − _{}
( _{} _{} ^{−}^{} (
∈
∎
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_{} 2
_{}_{}
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[3]. 
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[4]. 
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