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Content

Instruction Manual

Generator circuit-breaker SF6


FKG1X
With spring operating mechanism
FK3-12
POCHEON - KOREA
AR 133690_1110

Non contractual picture refer to the customer general arrangement

This equipment contains Fluorinated Greenhouse Gas (SF6) covered by the Kyoto Protocol, which has a Global Warming Potential (GWP)
of 22200.
SF6 should be recovered and not released into the atmosphere.
For further information on the use and handling of SF6, please refer to IEC 62271: High-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear - Part 303: Use
and Handling of Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6).
Administrator

First issue

Compiled by

Approved by

AHT

14/09/2012

D. CHERRABEN

R. DUPONT

D5517EN01
1/4
ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or
should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial
circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties,
without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Content
Instruction Manual

EN

D5517EN01
2/4
ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or
should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial
circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties,
without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Content
Instruction Manual

Safety
Product safety sheets

PS0000EN04

Technical data
Technical characteristics

G10-100EN04

Description and operation


General description of the circuit-breaker

G12-001EN10

Electrical components complementary to the circuit breaker

G12-053EN02

Description of circuit-breaker pole

G12-109EN03

Pole operation of circuit-breaker (interrupting principle)

G13-001EN02

Operating device of circuit-breaker

48-020-212EN02

Switch operating mechanism(s)

M14-005EN05

SF6 gas monitoring

M20-002EN03

Shipping and storage


Packaging - Identification - Storage

S22-001EN05

Cases identification

G25-001EN02

Installation
Erection general instructions

S30-001EN03

Tightening torques

S31-001EN05

Checking for presence of SF6 gas in poles

G31-061EN04

Removing (Re-install) the covers of enclosure for intervention

G31-080EN05

Circuit-breaker erection

G31-201EN12

Measuring main circuit resistance

G31-401EN02

Connection with preparation of contact surfaces

G31-501EN04

Filling with SF6 gas

M32-001EN06

D5517EN01
3/4
ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or
should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial
circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties,
without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Content
Instruction Manual

Commissioning
Pre-commissioning inspections
Commissioning test report
Acceptance criteria

G34-001EN04
RES337EN003
CA400321-3EN006

Maintenance
Maintenance plan

G51-001EN07

Electrical wear limits

G51-051EN03

Electrical contact densimeter threshold inspection

G51-101EN03

Replacing the electrical contact densimeter

G51-161EN02

Replacement of enclosure cover seals

G51-202EN06

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

G51-500EN01

Troubleshooting

G52-001EN03

Tooling and accessories

G60-001EN14

Installing short-circuit bars

G61-001EN06

Tooling

Equipment end of life


Dismantling and recovery of components from a circuit breaker

G80-000EN02

Management of SF6 gas

G80-001EN02

Instructions on the handling of used SF6 gas and decomposition products

G81-001EN03

Client drawings
General arrangement

VS133690GAD03D

Elementary diagram

VS133690EDD03D

Nameplate engraving

VS133690NPD03D

SF6 pressure scale SF6 Elementary diagram

VS133690SPD03D

Interlocking diagram

VS133690IDD03D

D5517EN01
4/4
ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or
should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial
circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties,
without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SUMMARY

of PRODUCT SAFETY SHEETS


for equipment * manufactured by
ALSTOM GRID - AHT

SUBJECT

Reference N

Revision

Summary

PS 0000EN

04

Working environment

PS 0001EN

03

Handling Operations

PS 0002EN

03

Pressurized Equipment

PS 0003EN

03

SF6 : Use and Handling.

PS 0004EN

03

Chemicals

PS 0005EN

03

Electrical Equipment

PS 0006EN

03

Machinery

PS 0007EN

04

Operation

PS 0008EN

04

Maintenance

PS 0009EN

04

Remarks

Not applicable to pneumatically


operated circuit breakers

* : excluding lightning arresters.

PS 0000EN

04

G. BERNARD

1998-08-12

Sheet N

Revision

Written by

Date

Signature

J. VIAT

2001-03-21

Approved by

Date

1/1
Signature

Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

This page is intentionally blank.

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SAFETY SHEET

WORKING
ENVIRONMENT

CAUSE OR ORIGIN OF HAZARD.


Any negligence as regards site organisation may cause an accident.

WORK REQUIREMENTS.

All remedial action, for all life-cycles of the equipment, must be carried out in a safe working
environment.

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.

OBSERVE ALL GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND


OPERATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CURRENTLY ACCEPTED PRACTICES AS WELL AS THOSE LAID
DOWN IN THE DOCUMENTATION SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT.

PS 0001EN

03

G. BERNARD

1998-08-12

Sheet N

Revision

Written by

Date

Signature

J. VIAT

2011-03-21

Approved by

Date

1/2
Signature

Page

TRANSPORT

INSTALLATION

START-UP

OPERATION

MAINTENANCE

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

PACKING

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

1 Personnel :
-

Appropriate clothing, gloves, helmet, safety


boots, harness, etc..

The personnel concerned must be familiar with


the basic working regulations governing a given
work station: mechanical, dielectric, pressure
hazards, etc..

2 Handling Equipment :
-

This must be in good working order, regularly


maintained, properly adjusted and compliant
with the standards in force in the country of use.

3 Tools in General :
-

Only use tools appropriate to the type of work to


be carried out.

4 Working Area :
-

Make sure the floor is safe (free from oil, blunt


objects, etc.).

The site must be properly demarcated and kept


clear.

PS 0001EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

2/2
Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SAFETY SHEET

HANDLING OPERATIONS

CAUSE OR ORIGIN OF HAZARD.


Any handling operation may involve danger :

for the personnel,

- for the equipment being handled,


- for the installations or equipment in the vicinity.

WORK REQUIREMENTS.

As a general rule, handling operations must be carried out by personnel familiar with the basic
handling regulations, using equipment in good working order, and wearing the appropriate
protective clothing or equipment.
Ensure that the condition of the cases is such that they can be safely handled (state of the wood,
shock-resistance, etc.).

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.

OBSERVE ALL GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND


OPERATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CURRENTLY ACCEPTED PRACTICES AS WELL AS THOSE LAID
DOWN IN THE DOCUMENTATION SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT.

PS 0002EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

1/3
Page

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

PACKING

TRANSPORT

INSTALLATION

START-UP

OPERATION

MAINTENANCE

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

Handling operations must be carried out by personnel


familiar with the basic handling regulations.

Personnel must be qualified to operate


equipment, cranes, overhead conveyors, etc..

lifting

Equipment in proper working order :


-

Equipment must be checked and maintained


regularly in accordance with local regulations.

All equipment must be properly housed.

Familiarity with the load to be handled (see details on


the case).

Use of the appropriate handling equipment :


-

Type of sling(s),

Correct slinging methods,

Use of special ALSTOM handling equipment.

Follow the handling instructions on :


-

the cases (pictorial symbols: centre of gravity,


slinging points, etc.),

the assembly instructions.

Compliance with the relevant work station safety


instructions (proximity of electrical equipment).

Operator Safety :
-

use of gloves, helmets, safety boots, etc.,

loads not to be carried with personnel underneath.

PS 0002EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

2/3
Page

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

Ensure that cases have not been damaged during


handling or prolonged storage.
Follow the stacking instructions.

It is essential to open cases from the top and to take


care when unpacking.

operated

Bring insulating jacket working pressure back to


transport pressure (300 hPa maximum).

PS 0002EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

OPERATION

Before
handling
any
mechanically
component, disable the springs.

START-UP

INSTALLATION

Handling of insulating jackets at transport pressure (300


hPa maximum).

TRANSPORT

Before
handling
any
hydraulically
operated
component, bring oil pressure back to atmospheric
pressure.

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

PACKING

MAINTENANCE

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

2011-03-21
Revision date

3/3
Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

This page is intentionally blank.

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SAFETY SHEET

PRESSURIZED EQUIPMENT

CAUSE OR ORIGIN OF HAZARD.


Our equipment includes gas pressure assemblies (SF6, nitrogen, air, etc.) or fluids (oil).

WORK REQUIREMENTS.
Comply with the storage, transport and operating instructions supplied with our equipment.
Before initial filling and pressurizing, check the overall condition of the shielding concerned :
-

no signs of impact, splitting or chipping on the porcelain components, etc.,

no visible damage to hoses and/or rigid pipes (cuts, folds, corrosion, etc.) or to fittings and
metal protection (accumulators, tank, etc.).

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
OBSERVE ALL GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND
OPERATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CURRENTLY ACCEPTED PRACTICES AS WELL AS THOSE LAID
DOWN IN THE DOCUMENTATION SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT.

As a general rule, all work on pressurized equipment must be carried out by qualified personnel.

PS 0003EN

03

G. BERNARD

1998-08-12

Sheet N

Revision

Written by

Date

Signature

J. VIAT

2011-03-21

Approved by

Date

1/3
Signature

Page

INSTALLATION

START-UP

OPERATION

MAINTENANCE

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

TRANSPORT

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

PACKING

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

Pressurized Equipment : General.


1.1

Comply with the assembly instructions shown


on both our equipment and the gas bottles.

1.2

Before starting work on any pressurized piece


of equipment, make sure there is no pressure.

1.3

Before any handling, check to see how the


equipment is fixed to its frame and how the
frame is itself anchored.

1.4

High-pressure pipes must be fixed or otherwise


made safe.

1.5

Before initial pressurization, check that all


circuits are properly sealed.

1.6

Never tighten a pressure fitting.

1.7

Ensure that for every bolted connection for a


volume under pressure there is an appropriate
and properly fastened bolt at each relevant
point.

1.8

It is strictly forbidden to lift or otherwise move a


piece of equipment inflated to a pressure in
excess of 300 hPa of gas.

1.9

Before giving any orders to move equipment,


check visually or by ear that all the relevant
pipe fittings are tight.

1.10 Comply with the standard instructions


governing the use of compressed gas bottles
(e.g. keep the bottle away from any source of
heat).

PS 0003EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

2/3
Page

MAINTENANCE

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

START-UP

INSTALLATION

TRANSPORT

PACKING

OPERATION

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

2.1

See SF6 Safety Sheet.

2.2

An effective pressure of 300 hPa, used for the


transport and storage of our products, is not
regarded as a potential hazard.

2.3

Always fill the unit using the appropriate


equipment, which should include a safety
valve.

2.4

Do not inflate over and above the prescribed


pressure.

2.5

It is strictly forbidden to release SF6 to


atmosphere. All discharged gas must without
exception be recovered.

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

SF6 Pressure Equipment.

Hydraulic Equipment.

3.1

Circuit Purging.
This must be done under pressure. Use the
appropriate equipment.

3.2

Hydraulic Control Unit.


The doors must be kept shut except when
control tests are being carried out.

PS 0003EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

3/3
Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

This page is intentionally blank.

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SAFETY SHEET

SF6
Use and Handling

CAUSE OR ORIGIN OF HAZARD.


Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) is a gas which in its basic state is colourless, odourless and tasteless. It is
not toxic, but it cannot sustain life. It is a heavy gas that is dispersed slowly into the atmosphere.
In its natural state, SF6 is delivered and stored in pressurized tanks (bottles or spheres) at a pressure
of approximately 20 bar at 20C (in its liquid form) and complies with IEC standard 376.
However, under the effect of the electric arc, the SF6 molecules break up and the elements mostly
recombine during cooling either due to extinction of the arc or by regeneration caused by the
presence of active absorbent charges within the circuit breaker.
Various chemical reactions, associated with the volatilization of the materials in contact with the
electric arc, create either fluoridized or sulphurous secondary gas products or solid products in the
form of metallic fluoride powder ; or again, in the presence of traces of water or moisture,
hydrofluoric acid or sulphur dioxide.
In the life-cycle of the equipment, SF6 can be observed not only in its pure state, but also in its
contaminated state :
-

the use of new SF6 for filling or adding,

leaks under normal operating conditions,

maintenance involving the opening of circuit breakers containing old SF6 (decomposition
products),

abnormal conditions (internal arc fault causing the shielding to break),

circuit breaker recycling on end of life-cycle.

WORK REQUIREMENTS.
Follow the instructions for the transport of pressurized containers.
The storage of these containers is governed by the same storage regulations as compressed gas
bottles :
-

keep away from any source of heat and in a cool, dry and well-ventilated area,
always fit a pressure reducing valve.

PS 0004EN

03

G. BERNARD

1998-08-12

Sheet N

Revision

Written by

Date

Signature

J. VIAT

2011-03-21

Approved by

Date

1/3
Signature

Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

Whilst SF6 in its pure state is not toxic, the decomposition products have varying degrees of toxicity.
They may irritate the skin, the eyes and the mucous membranes; and in massive amounts may
cause serious lesions (oedema, heart failure, circulatory disorders and unconsciousness).
However, very rapidly and before there is any real danger, signs such as a pungent smell, irritation
of the mucous of the nose, the eyes and the mouth will give a warning and the personnel
concerned will have sufficient time to take the necessary safety actions.
Where the gas is used or handled within enclosed premises, ensure adequate ventilation,
especially low down.
If the gas is inhaled, the area concerned must be evacuated immediately.
Under normal operating conditions, leaks are exceptionally minor and not critical, even when the
gas contains impurities (due to the regenerating filters in the circuit breaker).
Filling and where necessary topping up operations must be carried out using the appropriate tools.
During maintenance operations, or at the end of the life-cycle, dust inside the equipment must be
removed by a vacuum extractor and the operator should wear a mask. Gas recovery must be
carried out using the appropriate gas recovery equipment.
Gases and decomposition products must be treated and/or disposed of by specialist organizations.
Under extremely abnormal conditions (e.g. break in the shielding) in an enclosed space, individual
protective equipment is recommended.
Lastly, it is forbidden to smoke, drink, eat or keep food in the vicinity of open SF6 equipment,
whether indoors or outside (harmful dust).

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
OBSERVE ALL GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND
OPERATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CURRENTLY ACCEPTED PRACTICES AS WELL AS THOSE LAID
DOWN IN THE DOCUMENTATION SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT.

It is essential that both the fitter and the user read IEC Technical Report 1634 regarding the use and
handling of sulphur hexafluoride gas.

PS 0004EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

2/3
Page

Contaminated SF6

PS 0004EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

Pure SF6

MAINTENANCE

OPERATION

START-UP

TRANSPORT

Transport of SF6

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

INSTALLATION

PACKING

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

3/3
Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

This page is intentionally blank.

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SAFETY SHEET

CHEMICALS

CAUSE OR ORIGIN OF HAZARD.


Generally speaking, the products used for installation and commissioning are bought chemical
products, namely :
-

Hydraulic oil

Grease

Loctite

Touching-up paint

Isopropanol

Drying agents

These must be kept in their original packing and the tops replaced after use.
Some packing products require careful handling as they may contain preservatives.
WORK REQUIREMENTS.
As a general rule, chemical products must be used and stored away from any source of heat.
Smoking is to be avoided.
Avoid contact with the skin and any splashes to the eyes.
Take the basic health and safety precautions.
Products and packing must be destroyed in accordance with local environmental regulations.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
OBSERVE ALL GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND
OPERATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CURRENTLY ACCEPTED PRACTICES AS WELL AS THOSE LAID
DOWN IN THE DOCUMENTATION SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT.

Other products: SF6 (see relevant sheet)

PS 0005EN

03

G. BERNARD

1998-08-12

Sheet N

Revision

Written by

Date

Signature

J. VIAT

2011-03-21

Approved by

Date

1/2
Signature

Page

Hydraulic Oil

Consumables (Grease & Paint) (Isopropanol)

Loctite

PS 0005EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

MAINTENANCE

INSTALLATION

OPERATION

TRANSPORT

Drying Agents

START-UP

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

PACKING

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

X
X

2/2
Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SAFETY SHEET

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

CAUSE OR ORIGIN OF HAZARD.


Our equipment is subjected to high and low tension loads that could expose the personnel to the
risk of electrocution.

WORK REQUIREMENTS.
The operating company is responsible for ensuring compliance with the safety instructions
governing high tension.
The basic regulations in respect of low tension installations must also be complied with.

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
OBSERVE ALL GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND
OPERATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CURRENTLY ACCEPTED PRACTICES AS WELL AS THOSE LAID
DOWN IN THE DOCUMENTATION SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT.

All work on high-tension networks and low-tension installations must be performed by qualified
operators wearing personal protective clothing and using the appropriate tools and equipment.

PS 0006EN

03

G. BERNARD

1998-08-12

Sheet N

Revision

Written by

Date

Signature

J. VIAT

2011-03-21

Approved by

Date

1/2
Signature

Page

INSTALLATION

START-UP

OPERATION

MAINTENANCE

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

TRANSPORT

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

PACKING

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

High Tension.
1.1 Comply with the regulations governing the work
station.
1.2 In the case of items equipped with capacitors,
make sure they are discharged prior to removal
and short-circuited while work is being carried out.

Low Tension.
2.1 Prior to any work on the low-tension circuit or
equipment, cut off the power supply.

2.2 When replacing an electrical component on the


control equipment, follow the safety instructions
shown in the "Machinery" safety sheet.

PS 0006EN
Sheet N

03
Revision

1996-04-04
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

2/2
Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SAFETY SHEET

MACHINERY

CAUSE OR ORIGIN OF HAZARD.


Our equipment contains moving parts (linkage, levers, etc.), reserve power (springs, accumulators,
etc.) and pressurized sheathing ; the associated hazards are dealt with in safety sheet "Pressurized
Equipment" PS 0003/A.

WORK REQUIREMENTS.
Follow the relevant ALSTOM operating and maintenance instructions.
Prior to any work on the control equipment and the motion transfer mechanism, disable the springs
on mechanically operated units and bring pressure back to zero for hydraulically operated units.

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
OBSERVE ALL GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND
OPERATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CURRENTLY ACCEPTED PRACTICES AS WELL AS THOSE LAID
DOWN IN THE DOCUMENTATION SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT.

As a general rule, work on the control equipment and transmissions must be performed by qualified
operators wearing personal protective clothing and using the appropriate tools and equipment.

PS 0007EN

04

G. BERNARD

1998-08-12

Sheet N

Revision

Written by

Date

Signature

J. VIAT

2011-03-21

Approved by

Date

1/2
Signature

Page

START-UP

OPERATION

MAINTENANCE

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

2.1 Before any work is carried out, cut off all power to
the reset motor.

2.2 Deactivate the opening and closing springs in


accordance with ALSTOM instructions.

2.3 Make sure that all safety rules are complied with
while the work is being carried out.

3.1 Before any work is carried out, cut off power to


the motor pump.

3.2 Reduce the pressure of the hydraulic circuit to


zero.

Moving Parts.

1.1 Before any work is carried out on transmission


components, ensure that the control equipment
has been deactivated.
2

TRANSPORT

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

PACKING

INSTALLATION

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

Spring-operated Mechanism.

Hydraulic Mechanism.

PS 0007EN
Sheet N

04
Revision

1996-04-04
1st issue

2011-03-21
Revision date

2/2
Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SAFETY SHEET

OPERATION

CAUSE OR ORIGIN OF HAZARD.


If the unit shows any sign of an unwanted condition, it must be examined by the user.

WORK REQUIREMENTS.

The operators concerned must be suitably qualified and must comply with the normal operating
and maintenance instructions issued by ALSTOM.
Depending on the severity of the fault observed, the necessary corrective measures must be taken,
e.g :

- replenish the SF6 gas in the event of a leak,


-

isolate the system in the event of a major malfunction.

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.

OBSERVE ALL GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND


OPERATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CURRENTLY ACCEPTED PRACTICES AS WELL AS THOSE LAID
DOWN IN THE DOCUMENTATION SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT.

PS 0008EN

04

G. BERNARD

1998-08-12

Sheet N

Revision

Written by

Date

Signature

J. VIAT

2011-03-21

Approved by

Date

1/2
Signature

Page

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING

MAINTENANCE

OPERATION

INSTALLATION

START-UP

COMPLY WITH THE SPECIFIC INSTRUCTION PROVIDED IN THE FOLLOWING CASES :

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

TRANSPORT

PACKING

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

Opening malfunction :
-

to do with the sequencing chain,


following a mechanical fault.

Cut-off failure.

External dielectric flash-over.

SF6 pressure drop due to either :


-

major leak (switch to 2nd threshold),


no 1st threshold alarm complement.

Loss of motor power :


-

oil, compressed air, component failure.

Activation of safety device, if fitted.


Use
only
the
appropriate
recommended by ALSTOM.
Abnormal noise.

PS 0008EN
Sheet N

04
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

products

2011-03-21
Revision date

2/2
Page

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

SAFETY SHEET

MAINTENANCE

CAUSE OR ORIGIN OF HAZARD.


To ensure safe and unimpaired operation of the equipment, regular maintenance is essential.
Neglected maintenance can create hazards.
Maintenance operations involve hazards that must be guarded against.
WORK REQUIREMENTS.
Comply with the maintenance programme and service intervals shown in the ALSTOM manuals.
In addition, every maintenance operation must comply with the following requirements :
-

it must be carried out by suitably qualified personnel,

both the work involved and the associated hazards must be clearly identified beforehand,

the tools and equipment used (standard or specific to ALSTOM) must be appropriate and in
proper working order,

any replacement parts must be ALSTOM parts.

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.
OBSERVE ALL GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND
OPERATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH CURRENTLY ACCEPTED PRACTICES AS WELL AS THOSE LAID
DOWN IN THE DOCUMENTATION SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT.

Refer to the relevant SAFETY sheets.

The safety instructions below are general and not exhaustive. They should therefore be
modified and/or supplemented for all specific maintenance operations to be carried out.

PS 0009EN

04

G. BERNARD

1998-08-12

Sheet N

Revision

Written by

Date

Signature

J. VIAT

2011-03-21

Approved by

Date

1/2
Signature

Page

MAINTENANCE

SCRAPPING &
RECYCLING
X

Obtain as much information as possible from the user


regarding the condition of the unit.

Check that the unit is earthed both upstream and


downstream.

Demarcate the work area.

Ensure that the operator is equipped with the personal


protective clothes and equipment required (safety
glasses, gloves, safety boots, harness, etc.).

Ensure that the equipment used is compliant and in


good condition (scaffolding, slings, suspended
platforms, electrical equipment, tools, etc.).

Ensure that the safety instructions in respect of each


particular hazard are complied with.

PS 0009EN
Sheet N

04
Revision

1996-03-18
1st issue

START-UP

INSTALLATION

TRANSPORT

Identify the equipment to be worked on and ensure it


is switched off.

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

PACKING

OPERATION

GRID
High Voltage Switchgear

2011-03-21
Revision date

2/2
Page

Technical data

Technical characteristics

FKG1 technical characteristics


Performances

See C.B performances on customer drawing Text to be engraved :

SF6 gas

The table below gives the SF6 gas characteristics :


FKG1
Minimum admissible temperature :
up to
SF6 gas density
pre
pae
pme
i.e. effective pressureat 20C(68F)
and 101.3 kPa
Filling rated pressure for + 0,01
pre
-- 0
the insulation
pae

Alarm pressure for the


insulation

+ 0,02
-- 0

Minimal pressure for the + 0,02


-- 0
insulation
SF6 mass for one three--pole circuit--breaker
pme

--25C
(--13F)

--22C
(--7.6F)

57.04 kg/m3
48.86 kg/m3
46,68 kg/m3

64.65 kg/m3
55,44 kg/m3
53.19 kg/m3

0,75 MPa
0,85 MPa
(108,8 p.s.i.)
(123,3 p.s.i.)
0.64 MPa
0,73 MPa
(pme+0,03 MPa) (pme+0,03 MPa)
(92.8 p.s.i.)
(105.9. p.s.i.)
0,61 MPa
0,7 MPa
(88.5 p.s.i.)
(101.6 p.s.i.)
1N=33 kg
1N=37 kg
1F=39 kg
1F=44 kg
1X--1XP=58 kg 1X--1XP=66 kg
1XV--1XW=58kg 1XV--1XW=66kg

The above characteristics are of a general nature, only those values given on
the circuit--breakers rating plates are contractually binding.

Operating device

The table below gives low voltage components characteristics of the operating device :
Auxiliary voltages (usual) :
Ua Opening and closing circuits
Heating (and lighting) circuits
Motor
Consumption :
Closing and opening coils
Permanent heating
Thermostat heating
(if temperature +5C) (+23F)
Motor

48--110--125--220--250 V (dc)
240 V (ac) / 415 V (ac) / 127 V (ac)
110--220 (cc) or 240 V (ac)
440/340 W
3.3A x 125 dc = 400W
300 W + 45 W fixed
300 W / cubicle
1800 W (dc)
or 2700 VA (ac)

The above characteristics are of a general nature, only those values given on
the circuit--breakers rating plates are contractually binding.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G10--100EN04
1/2
GRID

Technical data

Technical characteristics

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G10--100EN04
2/2
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

FKG1N / F / X Circuit breaker with FK3--12 spring--powered controls


Description

The equipment comprises three poles with sheathing actuated by a three--pole spring--powered control.
For the precise composition of the cell, see client sketch.
Non contractual picture refer to the customer general arrangement

Illustration

FKG1F/X
E

D
C

FKG1N

Components

The following table lists the principle components of the circuit breaker:
Mark
A
B
C
C
D
E
F

02--2011

Component
Circuit--breaker pole
Chassis
CB assy. -- Control Section
CB positional indicator status
Disconnector position indicator status
Low voltage cabinet
Pole sheath

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
3--4
5
6
7
8
1
9

G12--001EN10
1/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

FKG1XP / XV / XW Circuit breaker with FK3-- 12 spring-- powered controls


Description

The equipment comprises three poles with sheathing actuated by a three--pole spring--powered control.
For the precise composition of the cell, see client sketch.
Non contractual picture refer to the customer general arrangement

Illustration

FKG1XV
E

F
C

FKG1XW

FKG1XP
FKG1XW
Extented

Components

The following table lists the principle components of the circuit breaker:
Mark
A
B
C
C
D
E
F

02--2011

Component

Page
4
5
6
7
8
2
10

Circuit--breaker pole
Chassis
CB assy. -- Control Section
CB positional indicator status
Disconnector position indicator status
Low voltage cabinet
Pole sheath

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
2/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

Circuit breaker pole FKG1N / F


Illustration

B
A

7
2

Components

The following table lists the principle components of the circuit breaker
pole:
Mark
A
B

1
2
5
6
7
8
9

02--2011

Component
Active CB section
Busbar disconnection section
See Electrical components complementary to the circuit Breaker
module
Interrupting chamber
Moving parts
Fixed parts
Current outlet sockets
Rupture disk
Heat dissipater fitted to the FKG1F CB pole
SF6 gas connection

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
3/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

Circuit breaker pole FKG1X / XP / XV / XW


Illustration

B
A
6

Components

The following table lists the principle components of the circuit breaker
pole:
Mark
A
B

1
2
5
6
7
8
9

02--2011

Component
Active CB section
Busbar disconnection section
See Electrical components complementary to the circuit Breaker
module
Interrupting chamber
Moving parts
Fixed parts
Current outlet sockets
Rupture disk
Heat dissipater fitted to the FKG1X / XP/ XV / XW CB pole
SF6 gas connection

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
4/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

Chassis
Illustration

11
30

10

12
10a

version with MALT 160kA


Components

The following table lists the principle components of the chassis:


Mark
9

Component
Support beams fitted with
feet
10--10a Supplementary support
11
Strengthening
cross
member
12
Control mounting chassis
30

NOTE :

02--2011

SF6
unit

Function
Supports the pole sheathes
Supports the pole sheathes
Supports the pole sheathes

Supports the various operating controls


pipe work and filling Provides a three--pole SF6 connection

* Distance between phases :


<1500 = supports beam fitted with 2 feets
> 1500 = supports beam fitted with 3 feets

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
5/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

Circuit breaker assembly control section


Illustration
26
27

14
26
15
13

Components

15

The following table lists the principle components of the operating mechanisms:
Mark
11
13

14

15

26
27

02--2011

11

Component
CB Operating Mechanism
Inspection port

Function
Provides control of the CB
Used to visually inspect the position
of the optical CB positional indicator
(See Para.: CB position indicator
status)
Inspection port
Used to visually inspect the position(s) of the various earthing switch
controls.
(See Para. Disconnector Switch
position indicator status)
Operating mechanisms for Provides control of the busbar earththe various disconnector ing switch, the startup switch and the
switches
earthing switch(es).
Low Voltage (LV) Cabinet Houses the low voltage functions for
the whole CB.
Synoptic diagram
Used to give a visual indication of the
overall status of the CB.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
6/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

Circuit breaker position indicator status


Status A

Circuit breaker

Closing spring
Armed

Open
IEC

ANSI

OPEN

Status B

Circuit breaker

Closing spring
Disarmed

Closed
IEC

ANSI

CLOSED

Status C

Circuit breaker

Closing spring
Armed

Closed
IEC

ANSI

CLOSED

Status D

Circuit breaker

Closing spring
Disarmed

Open
IEC

ANSI

02--2011

OPEN

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
7/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

Disconnector switch(es) position indicator status


Status A

Switch
Open

IEC

Status B

OPEN

or
ANSI

CLOSED

Switch
Closed

IEC

02--2011

or
ANSI

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
8/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

Pole sheath FKG1N / F / X


Illustration

FKG1N

FKG1F/X

18

18

24
23

22
16

FKG1F/X
25

17
19
20

Components

02--2011

21

The following table lists the principle components of the pole sheath:
Mark
16
17

Component
Metallic casing
Inspection port

18

Removable cover(s)

19
20

Leaktight connector
Cable passage

21

Startup switch supply unit

22
23
24

Cover sealing gasket


Cover lifting handles
Inspection ports

25

Sun shield

Function
Encloses the pole
Used to visually inspect the status of
the busbar disconnector switch
Can be removed in one (1N) or two
(1F/X) section(s)
Ensures the sheath is leaktight
Used for the power supply to the startup switch
Protects the supply to the startup
switch
Ensures the sheath is leaktight
Used when handling the cover
Used to visually inspect the positions
of the earthing and startup switches
Used to limit equipment overheating

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
9/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

Pole sheath FKG1XP / XV / XW


24

Illustration

FKG1XP / XV
18

23
18
22

17

16
20
19

21

FKG1XW
Extented
FKG1XW

Components

02--2011

The following table lists the principle components of the pole sheath:
Mark
16
17

Component
Metallic casing
Inspection port

18
19
20

Removable cover(s)
Leaktight connector
Cable passage

21

Startup switch supply unit

22
23
24

Cover sealing gasket


Cover lifting handles
Inspection ports

Function
Encloses the pole
Used to visually inspect the status of
the busbar disconnector switch and
the earthing switch(es).
Can be removed in three sections
Ensures the sheath is leaktight
Used for the power supply to the circuit breaker
Protects the supply to the startup
switch
Ensures the sheath is leaktight
Used when handling the cover
Used to visually inspect the positions
of the earthing and startup switches

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
10/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

Additional circuit breaker electrical equipment


Components

The additional electrical equipment varies in accordance with the configuration of the customers requirements, and may comprise :
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

Description of
elements

02--2011

Busbar disconnector switch,


Earthing switch,
Start--up switch,
Current transformer,
Voltage transformer,
Capacitor,
Surge arrestor.

See Electrical components complementary to the circuit Breaker module.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
11/12
GRID

Description and operation

General Description of the Circuit breaker

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--001EN10
12/12
GRID

Description and operation

Electrical components complementary


to the circuit breaker
Composition of additional circuit breaker electrical equipment
Component
Location

Illustration

The additional electrical equipment varies in accordance with the configuration of the customers requirements, and may comprise :
D Busbar disconnector switch (A).
D Earthing switch (B) (B1 =160kA).
D Startup switch (C).
D Current Transformer (D).
D Voltage transformer (E).
D Capacitor (F).
D Surge Arrester (G).
G

G
D

E
A

B
E

Table of
the components

B1

The following table lists the principle components of the additional electrical
equipment:
Marked
A
B
B1
C
D--E--F--G

02--2011

Component
Busbar disconnector switch.
Earthing switch(es) (MALT).
Earthing switch(es) 160 kA (MALT).
Startup switch (IKG).
Current Transformer; Voltage Transformer; Capacitor;
Surge Arrestor.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
3
4
5

G12--053EN02
1/6
GRID

Description and operation

Electrical components complementary


to the circuit breaker
Busbar disconnector switch
38

Illustration
36

37
4

35

42

Table of
the components

The following table lists the principle components of the busbar disconnector switch :
Mark
3
4
5
35
36
37
38

02--2011

Component
CB -- moving part
Disconnector Fixed part

Function
--

Operating shaft
Operating lever

Transmits movement.
Actuated by the rod linkage (42) it
transmits movement to the shaft (5).
Disconnector moving part
-casing
Insulator mounting
-Mobile contact
Allows current to pass between the
fixed part (4) and the moving part (36)
of the disconnector switch casing.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--053EN02
2/6
GRID

Description and operation

Electrical components complementary


to the circuit breaker
Earthing switch(es) (MALT)
3

Illustration
44
27

44

36

27

45

43

45
44
43
27

43
Earthing switch 160 kA.
Table of
the components

The following table lists the principle components of the earthing switch :
Mark
3
36
27
43
44
45

02--2011

Component
Function
Casing CB fixed part
-Casing Disconnector
-moving part
Articulated arm
Pivots and engages with the fixed
contact.
Three--pole linkage rod
Provides a linkage from the operating
mechanism.
Fixed contact
Connects with the live section of the
articulated arm to enable the current
to flow.
Cable braid
Provides a connection for the sheath.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--053EN02
3/6
GRID

Description and operation

Electrical components complementary


to the circuit breaker
Startup Switch (IKG)
Illustration
3

44

27
32

45

33

Table of
the components

The following table lists the principle components of the startup switch :
Mark
3
27

02--2011

Component
Casing CB fixed part
Articulated arm

32

Busbar output

33

Cable box

44

Fixed contact

45

Cable braid

Function
-Swings and connects to the fixed contact.
Groups the Customer cable mountings.
Protects the Customer connector
cables.
Connects with the live section of the
articulated arm to enable the current
to flow.
Provides a connection to the customer cables.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--053EN02
4/6
GRID

Description and operation

Electrical components complementary


to the circuit breaker
Current transformer; Voltage transformer; Capacitor;
Surge arrestor with or without fuse
Illustration

(800nf)
48

50
48 (400nf)

33

50

34
46

Table of
the components

34

33

The following table lists the additional circuit breaker components :


Mark
33
34
46
48
50

02--2011

46

Component
Current transformer
Voltage transformer
Voltage transformer fuse
Capacitor 800nf or 400nf
Surge arrestor

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--053EN02
5/6
GRID

Description and operation

Electrical components complementary


to the circuit breaker
This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--053EN02
6/6
GRID

Description and operation

Description of circuit breaker pole

Active parts
Description

The active section of the circuit breaker comprises:


-- The mechanism casing (A) -- on the side of the moving part,
-- The interrupter chamber (C) in a composite envelope (1),
-- The casing (B) -- on the side of the fixed section.

Diagram

Circuit--breaker
Open

Description

02--2011

The composite envelope (1) enclosing the interrupter chamber separates the
two casings, providing insulation between the incoming and outgoing sections
of the circuit breaker.
The current sockets (2 & 3) situated in the extensions to the casings, are used
to provide connections to the busbars.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--109EN03
1/4
GRID

Description and operation

Description of circuit breaker pole

Mechanism casing, moving part section


11

Diagram
7

5
6

10

Circuit--breaker
Closed
Table of
the components

The following table lists the components both within and around the casing:
Mark
4
5
6
11
7
8
9

02--2011

Component
Function
Insulated mounting
Provides CB phase/earth insulation
3--pole operating shaft Transmits movement between the operating mechanism and the poles
Operating lever
Transmits the movement to the interrupter
chambers mobile contact (11)
Moving contact
Used to let the rated current flow.
Breaking disk
Safety system guards against overpressure in the chamber
SF6 liaison
Molecular sieve

Used to connect the SF6 to the poles.


Agent used to absorb the gaseous breakdown of SF6.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--109EN03
2/4
GRID

Description and operation

Description of circuit breaker pole

Interrupting chamber
Extinguishing
Environment

The arc extinguishing environment is low--pressure SF6 gas.

Interrupting principle

Installed horizontally, the assembly is of a thermal, auto--charging pneumatic,


double arc--blowing design

15
16

Diagram

21
22

13

18

Table of
the components

11
12

17

14

23
24

20

The following table lists the components both within and around the interrupter chamber:
Mark
10
11
13

20
21
23

02--2011

10

Component
Moving contact
mounting
Moving contact
Blowing device

Fixed contact
mounting
Permanent contact
Fixed contact

Information
supported by the mechanism casing (A).
fitted with a contact tube (12).
fitted with a nozzle (14),
arc contacts (17),
a front arc valve guide (15),
a rear arc guide (16),
a piston (18).
supported by the casing (B).
fitted with a contact tulip (22).
and its contact shaft (24).

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--109EN03
3/4
GRID

Description and operation

Description of circuit breaker pole

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G12--109EN03
4/4
GRID

Description and operation

Pole operation of circuit-- breaker


(Interrupting principle)
Presentation
Introduction

In its CLOSED position, the current from a generator passes through :


-- The current sockets (2),
-- The casing (B),
-- The permanent contact (21),
-- The moving contact tube (12),
-- The moving contact mounting (10),
-- The casing (A),
-- The current sockets (3).

10

12

21

Circuit--breaker
Closed

In this module

This module deals with the operational phases of the pole :


Stage

Page
2
3

Schematic diagram
Opening

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G13--001EN02
1/4
GRID

Description and operation

Pole operation of circuit-- breaker


(Interrupting principle)
Schematic diagram
Opening

On receiving a manual or electrical open order, the energy accumulated in the


operating mechanisms opening spring (32) is freed.
The control lever (30), activated by the opening spring (32), transmits the
movement to the lower pole lever (34) via the rod linkage (31), in turn moving
the moving contact (11), thus separating the contacts.
Representation of
OPEN state
30
34

32

31
11

Closing

On receiving a manual or electrical closure order, the energy accumulated in


the operating mechanisms closing spring (33) is freed.
This operates the moving contact (11) and closes the Interrupter Chamber.
Representation of
CLOSED state
33

11

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G13--001EN02
2/4
GRID

Description and operation

Pole operation of circuit-- breaker


(Interrupting principle)
Opening
Stage 1 :
Start of opening

When tube (12) in the moving contact (11) separates from the permanent contact (21), the current is routed via the arc contacts (17).

11

Stage 2 :
Thermal effect

12

17

21

When the contacts (17) separate, an arc appears, and the energy from this
arc causes a rise in the pressure in the thermal expansion chamber (Vt),
which is enclosed by the stem (24) of the fixed contact (23) and the isolating
nozzle (14).

17

14

24

23

Vt

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G13--001EN02
3/4
GRID

Description and operation

Pole operation of circuit-- breaker


(Interrupting principle)
Opening, continued
Stage 3 :
Breaking

When the stem (24) of the fixed contact (23) is extracted from the nozzle (14),
the thermal overpressure in the chamber (Vt) is released, which causes a jet
of gas, just before the current reaches zero, which ensures the arc is completely extinguished.
Simultaneously, the increase in pressure in the vicinity of the arc spreads
across to the piston (18) exerting a force on the mobile fittings and thus reducing the loading imposed on the circuit breakers operating mechanisms.
18

14

24

23

Vt

Stage 4 :
Complete opening

The arc is extinguished.


The molecules of SF6 gas, torn apart by the arc, are instantaneously reconstituted. The residual gas from the breaking is absorbed by the molecular sieve
(9); a few particles are deposited as a coating of dust, which has no effect on
the circuit breaker itself.

9
Circuit--breaker
Open

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G13--001EN02
4/4
GRID

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Function description
FK3-12 spring operating mechanisms
for circuit-breakers

Administrator

First issue

Written by

Released by

SEH

08.06.2004

E.Suter, TMA-SEH /sf

E. Suter, TMA-SEH

06.04.2011

48-020-212EN02
1/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

FK 3-12 sring operating mechanisms for circuit breakers

Contents

06.04.2011

Page

Introduction

Functional units

Operating states

Charging the closing spring

Closing operation

10

Recharging the closing spring

12

Operating operation

14

48-020-212EN02
2/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Introduction
The FK 3-12 third-generation spring operating mechanisms have been designed as an integrated series. All mechanisms have the same functional units
and operate on the same principle. Dimensions and certain execution features
are dictated by the maximum closing energy for each model.

Fonctional units
70.23
70.25

70.21

70.20

70.22

Schmatic digram

70.26

70.19

70.24

70.52

70.42

70.18

70.31

70.12

70.44

70.17

70.43

70.15

71.09

70.14

71.35

70.16
70.13
70.11

70.01

70.53

71.32
79.04

70.01
70.05
70.06
70.07
70.08
70.09
70.10
70.11
70.12
70.13
70.14
70.15
70.16
70.17
70.18
70.19

06.04.2011

Motor
Closing latch
Closing magnet
Manual CLOSE release
CLOSE push-button
Closing shaft
Cam disc
Roller lever
Main shaft
Manual TRIP release
TRIP push-button
Trip magnet
Trip latch
Trip dashpot
Operating lever
Trip chain

70.06
70.05
70.20
70.21
70.22
70.23
70.24
70.25
70.26
70.31
70.52
70.53
71.32
71.35
71.42
71.43
71.44
79.04

70.07

70.10
70.08

Trip spring
Auxiliary switch
Motor limit switch actuating cam
Motor limit switch lever
Motor limit switch
Closing spring
Closing chain
Spring position indicator
Cicuit breaker position indicator
Hand crank
Pair of winding lever with return stop
Cam disc for eccentric gear
Chain wheel
Crank lever
Support pin
Gearing

48-020-212EN02
3/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers
Energy store

Closing spring 70.25 stores energy to close the circuit breaker and to
charge trip spring 70.20. Surplus energy ensures that the circuit breaker
can be safely closed in all situations.
Trip spring 70.20 furnishes the energy necessary to trip the circuit
breaker. The trip spring may be in the operating mechanism or in the
circuit breaker, depending on the circuit breaker design.

Energy store
Charging mechanism

Motor 70.01 and gearing 79.04 serve to charge closing spring 70.25

Closing unit

On closing, the energy of closing spring 70.25 is transmitted to cam


disk 70.10 via closing chain 70.26, crank lever 71.43 and closing shaft
70.09. The cam disc drives main shaft 70.12 via roller lever 70.11. The
circuit breaker is closed and trip spring 70.20 charged via drive lever
70.18 and the linkage
Cam disc 70.10 controls the travel/time characteristic of the main contact during closing.

Tripping unit

If trip spring 70.20 is mounted in the operating mechanism, its energy is


transmitted to the circuit breaker via trip chain 70.19, main shaft 70.12
and drive lever 70.18.
The motion is retarde by trip dashpot 70.17 at the end of the tripping
process.

Latches

When closing spring 70.25 is charged, closing latch 70.05 supports it


through crank lever 71.43 and support pin 71.44.
When trip spring 70.20 is charged, trip latch 70.16 supports it by the
lever arm of roller lever 70.11 and main shaft 70.12.

Release device

Closing magnet 70.06 releases closing latch 70.05.


Trip magnet 70.15 releases trip latch 70.16.

06.04.2011

48-020-212EN02
4/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Auxiliaire switch

Auxiliary switch 70.21 Coupled to main shaft 70.12 serves as a reference for the main contact for control, signaling and interlock functions
When the circuit breaker is closed, one contact of auxiliary switch 70.21
interrupts the closing coil circuit and thus prevents further electrical excitation.
When the circuit breaker is in the tripped position, one contact of auxiliary switch 70.21 breaks the operating release coil circuit and thus prevents further electrical excitation.

Motor limit switch

Motor limit switch 70.24 closes and interrupts the motor circuit. It also
performs interlock functions.
While closing spring 70.25 is being charged, one contact of motor limit
switch 70.24 interupts the closing coil circuit and thus prevents
premature electrical closing operation.

Mechanical closing
interlock

When the circuit breaker is closed, a lever coupled to main shaft 70.12
disables closing latch 70.05 and prevents any further release of the
closing system.

Indicators

Circuit breaker position indicator 70.52 displays the position of the main
contact (I or O).
Spring position indicator 70.31 displays the state (charged or discharged) of closing spring 70.25.

Auxiliairy devices
and tools

Mechanical manual releases 70.07, 70.13 permit switching operations


during field service.
Hand crank 70.53 permits manual charging of closing spring 70.25.

Accessories

06.04.2011

Cabinet to protect against weather and contact.


Heater to prevent condensation.
Mechanical operating counter
Mechanical device to delay opening time (option)
Undervoltage release (option)
Interior lighting (option)
Other electrical equipment as specified by customer (option).

48-020-212EN02
5/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Operating states
Note

The two illustrations below show the possible operating states and
sequences of an operating mechanism. These are characterised
mains by the position of the circuit breaker to which the mechanism is
attached, and by the position of the closing spring. The position of the
spring is always linked to the position of the circuit breaker. The
positions of the auxiliary switch and motor limit switch are important
secondary characteristics.
An operating mechanism remains in a steady operating state until its
position is changed by an external control command. It can then pass
through well-defined transient (unsteady) operating states.

Operating states and


sequences

State of delivery
CHARGING

CHARGING
and

CHARGING

Closing spring charged


Operating state 3
Closing spring discharged
Steady operating state
Transient operating state

Circuit breaker open (trip spring


discharged
Circuit breaker closed (trip
spring charged)

CHARGING Closing spring is charged automatically

Circuit breaker is closed


Circuit breaker is tripped

06.04.2011

48-020-212EN02
6/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Operating states and


Interlock functions
Operating state 2: steady
Motor

Closing

Operating state 1: Transient


Opening

Motor

Operating state 4: steady


Closing

Motor

S2

Closing

Opening

Operating state 3: Transient


Motor

Opening

S1

S1

Y1

Y2

Closing

Opening

S2

Mechanical closing interlock : closing operation disabled

Circuit breaker
Closed / open

Mechanical closing interlock : closing operation enabled

Note

06.04.2011

Closing spring discharged

S1

Auxiliary switch

Closing spring charged

S2

Motor limit switch

Y1

Closing coil

Y2

Opening release coil

The following functions will now be described : charging the energy


store, closing, recharging and opening. The operating mechanism and
the circuit breaker pass through the operating states in the order
12342

48-020-212EN02
7/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Charging the closing spring


70.25

70.23

70.22

70.26
70.24
70.42
70.31
71.44
71.29
71.43
71.35

70.01

79.04

71.32

70.01 Motor
70.05 Closing latch
70.22 Motor limit
Switch actuating cam
7023 Motor limit switch lever
70.24 Motor limit switch
70.25 Closing spring
70.26 Closing chain

70.29
70.31
71.32
71.35
71.42
71.43
71.44
79.04

70.05
Kurbelzapfen
Spring position indicator
Pair of winding levr with return stop
Cam disc for eccentric gear
Chain wheel
Crank lever
Support pin
Gearing

The circuit breaker and operating mechanism are in operating state 1


(no motor voltage present) on delivery and during installation and servicing.
Operating state 1: Transient
Motor

06.04.2011

Closing

Opening

48-020-212EN02
8/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Motor 70.01 starts as soon as the control voltage is imposed. It charges


closing spring 70.25 via gearing 79.04, chain wheel 71.42, crank lever
71.43 and closing chain 70.26. This process comes to an end when
crank journal 70.29 with attached closing chain 70.26 has passed top
dead point A and support pin 71.44 of crank lever 71.43 rests against
closing latch 70.05.
At the end of the charging process, the pair of winding levers 71.32 is
lifted though the (not shown) disconnecting device. Gearing 79.04 and
motor 70.01, which is shut off via motor limit switch actuating cam 70.22
and motor limit switch 70.24 can now run down freely without imposing
any load on closing latch 70.05.
Motor limit switch 70.24 has now moved so as to make the closing circuit, and spring position indicator 70.31 has moved to the closing
spring charged position.
If motor voltage drops out during the charging process, the return-stop
of the pair of winding levers 71.32 keeps chain wheel 71.42 from turning
blackward and thus prevents the unwinding of closing spring 70.25.
Circuit breaker and operating mechanism are in operating state 2
Operating state 2: steady
Motor

Closing

Opening

The circuit breaker is ready for closing.

06.04.2011

48-020-212EN02
9/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Closing operation
70.25

70.22

70.21

70.20

70.19
70.52
70.26

70.18

70.24
70.31
70.12

70.09

71.43
70.29

70.16

79.04
70.05
70.06
70.07
70.09
70.10
70.11
70.12
70.16
70.18
70.19
70.20

71.32

Closing latch
Closing magnet
Manual CLOSE release
Closing shaft
Cam disc
Roller lever
Main shaft
Trip latch
Operating lever
Trip chain
Trip spring

70.05
70.21
70.22
70.24
70.25
70.26
70.29
70.31
70.52
71.32
71.43
79.04

70.07

70.06

70.10

70.11

Auxiliary switch
Motor limit switch actuating cam
Motor limit switch
Closing spring
Closing chain
Crank journal
Spring position indicator
Cicuit breaker position indicator
Pair of winding lever with return-stop
Crank lever
Gearing

Circuit breaker and operating mechanism are in operating state 2.


Operating state 2: steady
Motor

Closing

Opening

Closing latch 70.05 is released by the electrical command to closing


magnet 70.06 or by actuation of mechanical manual release 70.07.
Closing shaft 70.09 is accelerated by the effect of closing spring 70.25,
which is attached to crank lever 71.43.

06.04.2011

48-020-212EN02
10/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Cam disc 70.10 turns roller lever 70.11, which follows it, in the CLOSE
direction. The circuit breaker is closed via main shaft 70.12, operating
lever 70.18 and an attached linkage. At the end of the closing movement, after a 60 rotation, specially designed cam disc 70.10 brings
main shaft 70.12 to a safe, low-impact stop against trip latch 70.16 via
a lever arm of roller lever 70.11. At the same time, cam disc 70.10 has
moved away from roller lever 70.11 and the circuit breaker can be tripped.
In the course of the closing movement, trip spring 70.20 is charged via
trip chain 70.19.
The return-stop of pair of winding lever 71.32 keeps the fast gearing
stages from tracking the motion during the closing operation.
After closing shaft 70.09 has turned through approx. 180, crank journal
70.29 passes through bottom dead point B. The Kinetic energy still
possessed by crank wheel 70.30 is returned to closing spring 70.25
(recovered) via chain 70.26. By virtue of this principle, the closing
movement is brought to a gentle, impact-free stop.
Control, indicating and interlock functions at the end of the closing
movement:
Auxiliary switch 70.21, which is coupled to main shaft 70.12 has
made the opening release coil circuit and broken the closing circuit.
The circuit breaker can be tripped electrically, and further actuation
of the closing coil is prevented.
A lever (not shown) controlled by main shaft 70.12 has disabled
closing latch 70.05, thus mechanically preventing any further release
of the closing system.
Circuit breaker position indicator 70.52 has turned to the CLOSED
position with main shaft 70.12.
Motor limit switch 70.24 actuated via motor limit switch actuating
cam 70.22, has made the motor circuit.
The closing coil circuit has been broken by one contact of motor limit
switch 70.24. Any further electrical actuation of the closing coil is
thus prevented
Spring position indicator 70.31 has simultaneously moved to closing
spring discharged.
Circuit breaker and operating mechanism are in operating state 3.
Operating state 3: Transient
Motor

Closing

Opening

The circuit breaker is ready for tripping.

06.04.2011

48-020-212EN02
11/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Recharging de closing spring

70.25

70.22

70.24

70.22
70.24
70.25

Motor limit switch actuating cam


Motor limit switch
Closing spring

Circuit breaker and operating mechanism are in operating state 3


Operating state 3 : Transient
Motor

06.04.2011

Closing

Opening

48-020-212EN02
12/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers
When motor limit switch 70.24 is actuated by motor limit switch actuating cam 70.22 at the end of the closing movement, the motor circuit is
made and closing spring 70.25 is automatically recharged.
If no breaking operation has taken place during the charging process,
the circuit breaker is in steady operating state 4 at the end of the charging process. This is the normal operating state of all circuit breakers in
the electric power grid.
Circuit breaker and operating mechanism are in operating state 4.
Operating state 4: steady
Motor

S2

Closing

Opening

S1

S1

Y1

Y2

S2

The circuit breaker is ready for the operating sequence O-CO.

06.04.2011

48-020-212EN02
13/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Opening operation
70.21

70.20

70.52

70.12
70.17
70.15

70.16
70.13

70.05
70.05
70.12
70.13
70.15
70.16

Closing lacht
Main shaft
MANUAL TRIP release
Trip magnet
Trip latch

70.17
70.20
70.21
70.52

Trip dashpot
Closing spring
Auxiliary switch
Circuit breaker position indicator

Circuit breaker and operating mechanism are in operating state 4


Operating state 4 : steady
Motor

S2

06.04.2011

Closing

Opening

S1

S1

Y1

Y2

S2

48-020-212EN02
14/15

Function description
FK 3-12 spring operating mechanisms
For circuit breakers

Trip latch 70.16 is released by the electrical command to trip magnet


70.15 or by actuation of mechanical manual release 70.13. Main shaft
70.12 and the circuit breaker, which is coupled to it, are accelerated in
the O direction by charged trip spring 70.20, Trip dashpot 70.17 comes
into action toward the end of the tripping process, slowing the moving
masses of the circuit breaker and operating mechanism to a stop
Control, indicating and interlock functions at the end of the opening
movement:
Auxiliary switch 70.21 Which is coupled to main shaft 70.12 has broken the opening release coil circuit and made the closing circuit.
Thus any further electrical actuation of the opening release coil is
prevented; an electrical closing operation is again possible.
A lever (not shown) controlled by main shaft 70.12 has again enabled closing latch 70.05 for a subsequent closing operation. The
circuit breaker can be closed mechanically.
Circuit breaker position indicator 70.52 has been turned to the O position with the main shaft.
Circuit breaker and operating mechanism are in operating state 2
Operating state 2: steady
Motor

Closing

Opening

The circuit breaker is ready for closing.

06.04.2011

48-020-212EN02
15/15

This page is intentionally blank.

Description and operation

Switch operating mechanism(s)

Presentation
Introduction

CMK--type electrical controls are used for the bus bar, earthing switch and
starting switch mechanisms.

Covering and control


plate

A covering allows to protect the group.Open door, there is an equipped control


plate comprising :
-- interlocking,
-- optical indicator,
-- a hole closed by a shutter controlled by manual commutator allowing
also to operate the mechanism by emergency crank + tip, (excepted for
starting switch for which access is blocked).

Motorisation and
servo control sections

The control mechanism :


-- A low--powered AC motor, supplied by an AC source.
-- A reducing gearbox in a sealed, lubricant--filled housing.
The top of the output drive shaft from the reducing gearbox is attached to the
end--stop controls and a sprocket on the very end which in turn is connected
to the optical indicator via a chain.
-- A block of auxiliary contacts is fitted to each side of the end--of--travel stops.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M14--005EN05
1/4
GRID

Description and operation

Switch operating mechanism(s)

Operation
Principle

02--2011

Using the various keys in the corresponding order to open the locks will
free the locking plate One the order has been given, the motor will provide a
direct drive to the gearbox assembly, which in turn will drive :
D In the upper section, the auxiliary contacts and optical indicator.
D In the lower section, the line--break switch linkage rod operating mechanism.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M14--005EN05
2/4
GRID

Description and operation

Switch operating mechanism(s)

A breakdown of the Operating Mechanism


4--5

16

15

12

14

7--8
17

10

12

13

11
Marked
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

02--2011

Description
Cover
Motor
Reducing Gearbox
Gearbox Output Shaft
Sprocket
Drive Chain
Mechanical end--stop cam
Mechanical end--stops
Indicator contacts
Interlock position cam
Interlocks
Interlock position contacts
Manual lock
Backup control lever + tip
Optical Indicator
Connecters
Heating

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M14--005EN05
3/4
GRID

Description and operation

Switch operating mechanism(s)

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M14--005EN05
4/4
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Presentation
Introduction

The circuit--breaker uses pressurized SF6 gas as electric arc quenching gas.
The SF6 gas pressure monitoring is essential to assure the circuit--breaker
performances.

Principle

There is two SF6 gas pressure monitoring types :


D Permanent monitoring with the help a threshold densimeter.
D Periodic monitoring (option) with the help a pressure gauge.

Symbols

CEI symbols for the apparatus technical characteristics.


Symbol
pre
pae
pme

In this module

Designation
Filling rated pressure for the insulation.
Alarm pressure for the insulation.
Minimal pressure for the insulation.

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Threshold densimeter
Pressure gauge (optional)
Gaz pressure and density
Pressure measurement
Measuring density
Example of the filling pressure calculation
Calculation of the filling pressure at site
Values of the SF6 gas pressures in accordance
with the temperature

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

M20--002EN03
1/10
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Threshold densimeter
Function

Permanent SF6 gas density monitoring.

Localization

The threshold densimeter (1) is installed onto the control block (2) situated on
the first pole.
horizontal assembling
FKG1

horizontal assembling
FKG2

1
vertical assembling
FKG2

2
1

Working

The densimeter is fitted with two internal contacts. These contacts close successively if the gass density diminishes and determine 2 distinct thresholds.
These contacts are wired to the terminal block inside the cubicle and are usually left at the users disposal for the following use :
D Alarm pressure pae acts as a warning (topping up necessary).
D Minimum fonctional pressure for insulation pme must be used either to
lock the circuit--breaker in position or to cause automatic opening. The option
is chosen by the client in keeping with operating requirements.
All the circuit--breakers rated performances are guaranteed up to the minimum specified ambient temperature and the minimum fonctional pressure for
insulation pme.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M20--002EN03
2/10
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Pressure gauge
Function

Visual SF6 gas pressure information.

Description

The pressure gauge is made up of a dial (3).


The tube (4) links the filling block to the circuit--breaker gas volume.

DILO

Localization

02--2011

STAUBLI

The pressure gauge is fixed onto the filling block, at a visible place for the control.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M20--002EN03
3/10
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Gas pressure and density


Introduction

The electrical characteristics of switchgear depend on the density of SF6 gas


i.e. the mass of gas pumped into a compartment of a given capacity.

Constant
temperature

At constant temperature, an increase of gas density results in a higher gas


pressure against the walls of compartment.

Constant density

At constant density, with an invariable compartment volume, the pressure


changes in the same way as the temperature. Since the gas density remains
invariable owing to the fact that no modification occurs in the quantity of gas
or the volume of the relevant compartment, the electrical characteristics of the
switchgear will remain unchanged.

Conclusion

Since it is difficult to measure the gas density directly, it is essential to know


accurately its absolute pressure and temperature.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M20--002EN03
4/10
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Pressure measurement
Effective pressure ?
Absolute pressure ?

Absolute pressure = effective pressure + atmospheric pressure


Pressure

Description
Diagram
The pressure of SF6 gas is mea- Standard pressure gauge
sured by of a standard pressure
gauge with a deformable diaphragm
actuating an indicating pointer.
One surface of the diaphragm is in
contact with the SF6 gas, while the
other is in contact with the atmosphere. The difference between the
Effective gas and the atmosphere is thus
measured, taking atmospheric
pressure as a reference. This is the
measurement of the effective pressure of the SF6 gas.
SF6
Atmospheric pressure

If the deformable diaphragm, one


surface of which is in contact with
the SF6 gas, blocks a volume where
a vacuum has been developed, the
pressure gauge measures the pressure difference between that of the
SF6 gas and the vacuum. Since the
latter is zero, the pressure gauge
measures the absolute pressure of
the gas.
The absolute pressure of the SF6
gas, independent of atmospheric
pressure, reflects the quantity of
Absolute gas introduced into the compartment and hence its density at the
present temperature.
This is measured by means of an
absolute pressure gauge which is
less generally used and more delicate than a effective pressure
gauge. This is the reason why a effective pressure gauge is used, provision being made for corrections
required by atmospheric pressure
variations resulting from atmospheric disturbances and differences of elevation.

02--2011

Absolute
pressure gauge

SF6
Vacuum volume

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M20--002EN03
5/10
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Measuring density
Pressure units

D The international unit pressure is the Pascal (Pa), and hectopascal (hPa)
used for atmospheric pressure measurements.
D The practical unit is the bar (14.503 p.s.i.)
1 bar = 1 000 hPa = 14.5 psi
1 bar = 100 kPa
10 bar = 1 MPa
D Standard atmospheric pressure is equal to 1,013 hPa at sea level and an
air temperature of 20C (68F).

Measuring density

When it is not possible to directly measure density, this may be checked using
an industrial pressure gauge capable of measuring the effective pressure.
An effective pressure value corresponds to the rated density, determined for
normal atmospheric pressure (1,013 hPa) and an ambient temperature of
20C (68F).
For each pressure reading (filling, inspection of densimeter thresholds...), the
rated effective pressure should be corrected according to the ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure of the site at the time the reading is taken.
The real pressure is therefore :

Preal = Prated effective in accordance with temperature + Pp*


* Pp : correction in accordance with atmospheric pressure.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M20--002EN03
6/10
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Example of the filling pressure calculation


Example

Determination of the circuit--breakers filling pressure with SF6 gas.


Parameters
pre
SF6 gas
rated effective pressure
down to --25C
Ambient temperature
Local atmospheric pressure

SF6 gas filling

0,75 MPa
5C
93,2 kPa

The table below gives the calculation steps of the pure SF6 filling pressure :
Step
1

2
3
4

02--2011

Values

Action
Result
In the chart Values of the SF6 gas
effective pressures in accordance
0,695 MPa
with the temperature, read the pre
value on the tC = 5 row.
Calculate the difference of the at0,0081 MPa
mospheric pressure :
0,1013 -- 0.0932
Calculate the rated effective pres0,7031 MPa
sure pre :
0,695 + 0.0081
Filling is carried out to the calcuPure SF6 gas filling pressure
lated pressure, plus 0.01 MPa,
0,7131 MPa
that is to say : 0,7031 + 0.01

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M20--002EN03
7/10
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Calculation of the filling pressure at site


Measurement

Write down the result measurement into the corresponding box :


Measure the atmospheric pressure in MPa. A

Measure the ambient temperature in C. B

Calculation of the
pure SF6 gas filling
pressure

Transfer the values into the corresponding box and write down the result :

With the help of the table Values of the SF6 gas


effective pressures in accordance with the temperature,
determine the value pre in accordance with
the ambient temperature (B) " C

pre

,
Value of the reference atmospheric pressure in MPa D 0 , 1 0 1
Transfer the value of the local atmospheric pressure
(A) " A - ,
Calculate the difference of the atmospheric pressure
(D -- A) " E
,
Transfer the value (C) "
C+ ,
Calculate the rated effective pressure
(E + C) " F
,
The filling with SF6 gas is carried out
to the calculated pressure, plus 0.01 MPa, + 0 , 0 1
(F + 0,01) " G

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M20--002EN03
8/10
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Values of the SF6 gas effective pressures in accordance with the temperature
Rated pressure
0.75 MPa
down to --25C

02--2011

Values of the SF6 gas effective pressures (MPa) corrected in accordance with
temperature for an atmospheric pressure of 101.3 kPa :
t_C

pre

pae

pme

t_C

pre

pae

pme

--25
--24
--23
--22
--21
--20
--19
--18
--17
--16
--15
--14
--13
--12
--11
--10
--9
--8
--7
--6
--5
--4
--3
--2
--1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

0,584
0,588
0,591
0,595
0,599
0,602
0,606
0,610
0,613
0,617
0,621
0,625
0,628
0,632
0,636
0,639
0,643
0,647
0,650
0,654
0,658
0,661
0,665
0,669
0,673
0,676
0,680
0,684
0,687
0,691
0,695
0,698
0,702
0,706
0,709
0,713
0,717
0,720
0,724
0,728
0,732
0,735
0,739

0,500
0,503
0,506
0,509
0,512
0,516
0,519
0,522
0,525
0,528
0,531
0,534
0,537
0,540
0,544
0,547
0,550
0,553
0,556
0,559
0,562
0,565
0,568
0,572
0,575
0,578
0,581
0,584
0,587
0,590
0,593
0,596
0,600
0,603
0,606
0,609
0,612
0,615
0,618
0,621
0,624
0,628
0,631

0,477
0,480
0,483
0,486
0,489
0,492
0,495
0,498
0,501
0,504
0,507
0,509
0,512
0,515
0,518
0,521
0,524
0,527
0,530
0,533
0,536
0,539
0,542
0,545
0,548
0,551
0,554
0,557
0,560
0,563
0,566
0,569
0,572
0,575
0,577
0,580
0,583
0,586
0,589
0,592
0,595
0,598
0,601

18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

0,743
0,746
0,75
0,754
0,757
0,761
0,765
0,768
0,772
0,776
0,780
0,783
0,787
0,791
0,794
0,798
0,802
0,805
0,809
0,813
0,816
0,820
0,824
0,827
0,831
0,835
0,839
0,842
0,846
0,850
0,853
0,857
0,861
0,864
0,868
0,872
0,875
0,879
0,883
0,887
0,890
0,894
0,898

0,634
0,637
0,64
0,643
0,646
0,649
0,652
0,656
0,659
0,662
0,665
0,668
0,671
0,674
0,677
0,680
0,684
0,687
0,690
0,693
0,696
0,699
0,702
0,705
0,708
0,712
0,715
0,718
0,721
0,724
0,727
0,730
0,733
0,736
0,740
0,743
0,746
0,749
0,752
0,755
0,758
0,761
0,764

0,604
0,607
0,61
0,613
0,616
0,619
0,622
0,625
0,628
0,631
0,634
0,637
0,640
0,643
0,645
0,648
0,651
0,654
0,657
0,660
0,663
0,666
0,669
0,672
0,675
0,678
0,681
0,684
0,687
0,690
0,693
0,696
0,699
0,702
0,705
0,708
0,711
0,713
0,716
0,719
0,722
0,725
0,728

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M20--002EN03
9/10
GRID

Description and operation

SF6 gas monitoring

Values of the SF6 gas effective pressures in accordance with the temperature
Rated pressure
0.85 MPa
down to --25C

02--2011

Values of the SF6 gas effective pressures (MPa) corrected in accordance with
temperature for an atmospheric pressure of 101.3 kPa :
t_C

pre

pae

pme

t_C

pre

pae

pme

--25
--24
--23
--22
--21
--20
--19
--18
--17
--16
--15
--14
--13
--12
--11
--10
--9
--8
--7
--6
--5
--4
--3
--2
--1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

0,685
0,689
0,693
0,696
0,700
0,704
0,707
0,711
0,715
0,718
0,722
0,726
0,730
0,733
0,737
0,741
0,744
0,748
0,752
0,755
0,759
0,763
0,766
0,770
0,774
0,778
0,781
0,785
0,789
0,792
0,796
0,800
0,803
0,807
0,811
0,814
0,818
0,822
0,825
0,829
0,833
0,837
0,840

0,575
0,578
0,582
0,585
0,588
0,591
0,594
0,597
0,600
0,603
0,606
0,609
0,612
0,615
0,618
0,621
0,624
0,627
0,630
0,633
0,637
0,640
0,643
0,646
0,649
0,652
0,655
0,658
0,661
0,664
0,667
0,670
0,673
0,676
0,679
0,682
0,685
0,689
0,692
0,695
0,698
0,701
0,704

0,571
0,573
0,576
0,579
0,582
0,585
0,588
0,591
0,594
0,597
0,600
0,602
0,605
0,608
0,611
0,614
0,617
0,620
0,623
0,626
0,629
0,632
0,634
0,637
0,640
0,643
0,646
0,649
0,652
0,655
0,658
0,661
0,664
0,666
0,669
0,672
0,675
0,678
0,681
0,684
0,687
0,690
0,693

18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

0,844
0,848
0,851
0,855
0,859
0,862
0,866
0,870
0,873
0,877
0,881
0,885
0,888
0,892
0,896
0,899
0,903
0,907
0,910
0,914
0,918
0,921
0,925
0,929
0,932
0,936
0,940
0,944
0,947
0,951
0,955
0,958
0,962
0,966
0,969
0,973
0,977
0,980
0,984
0,988
0,992
0,995
0,999

0,707
0,710
0,713
0,716
0,720
0,723
0,727
0,731
0,735
0,738
0,742
0,746
0,749
0,753
0,757
0,760
0,764
0,768
0,771
0,775
0,779
0,782
0,786
0,790
0,794
0,797
0,801
0,805
0,808
0,812
0,816
0,819
0,823
0,827
0,830
0,834
0,838
0,842
0,845
0,849
0,853
0,856
0,860

0,695
0,698
0,701
0,704
0,707
0,710
0,713
0,716
0,719
0,722
0,725
0,727
0,730
0,733
0,736
0,739
0,742
0,745
0,748
0,751
0,754
0,757
0,759
0,762
0,765
0,768
0,771
0,774
0,777
0,780
0,783
0,786
0,788
0,791
0,794
0,797
0,800
0,803
0,806
0,809
0,812
0,815
0,818

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M20--002EN03
10/10
GRID

Packaging -- Shipping and storage

Packaging - Identification - Storage

Presentation
Introduction

The pole are filled with SF6 gas for transport purposes to an effective pressure
of 0,03 MPa at 20C (101.3 kPa).

In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Packaging
Identifying sub--assemblies and their packaging
Storage 2 years
Storage > 2 years

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4
5

S22--001EN05
1/6
GRID

Packaging -- Shipping and storage

Packaging - Identification - Storage

Packaging
Introduction

For transport, the different parts of the apparatus are divided--up between
several cases :
D A case containing the poles vacuum--wrapped in a protective bag containing desiccants.
D The SF6 bottle(s).
D A case containing assembly products (grease, oil, etc.) required for installation.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

S22--001EN05
2/6
GRID

Packaging -- Shipping and storage

Packaging - Identification - Storage

Identifying sub--assemblies and their packaging


Introduction

Each circuit--breaker sub--assembly (poles, operating mechanism, etc.) is


identified by a plate giving its reference numbers.
These numbers are marked on the packaging cases of each sub--assembly.

Example of marking
and identifying

-- Manufacturer reference No. = 100 928


-- Circuit--breaker identification No. 1
-- Pole No. 1
MARKING OF
PACKAGING CASES

IDENTIFICATION OF SUB--ASSEMBLIES AND TOOLING


MANUFACTURER
REFERENCE No.

100 928 0010


01 01

100 928 0010


no SRIE
Rep. 1
CASE No.

CIRCUIT--BREAKER
IDENTIFICATION No.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

S22--001EN05
3/6
GRID

Packaging -- Shipping and storage

Packaging - Identification - Storage

Storage 2 years

Introduction

The storage procedures defined below are for storage times of less than 2
years. For longer periods, special packaging must be designed and appropriate procedures devised.

Short--term storage
(6 months)

The table below indicate how to stock the main components of the circuit--breaker for a medium--term storage :
Component
Protective bag in good condition
(vacuum--wrapped)

Protective bag not vacuum--wrapped (teared)

Storage
The apparatus must be stored with its
transport packaging open whilst
placed on beams in a closed, but ventilated, flood--proof place.
The apparatus must be stored on
beams in a closed, but ventilated,
flood--proof place, placed on beams
in stable transport position, packing
open.
In order to prevent corrosion damage
due to formation of condensation, it is
mandatory that the heating circuit be
switched on.

Medium--term storage The apparatus must be stored on beams in a closed, but ventilated, flood--(less than 2 years)
proof place, placed on beams in stable transport position, packing open.
D In order to prevent corrosion damage due to formation of condensation, it
is mandatory that the heating circuit be switched on.
D Check for presence of SF6 gas in poles (refer to module Checking for presence of SF6 gas in poles).
PROTECT THE ELECTRICAL CABINET AGAINST DUST. (THE ELECTRICAL CABINET MUST BE COVERED BUT NOT AIRTIGHT).

ANY CHANGE OF LOCATION OF THE APPARATUS (EVEN AFTER COMMISSIONING) SHOULD BE DONE AT A REDUCED PRESSURE OF
0.03 MPa.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

S22--001EN05
4/6
GRID

Packaging -- Shipping and storage

Packaging - Identification - Storage

Storage > 2 years


Closed and protected
storage area

The material has to be installed in a suitable room and in the same conditions
as an operational item of equipment (fixing to the floor, SF6 gas filling at the
assigned filling pressure for pre isolation).
D The anti--condensation resistance of cabinets and controls to be connected.
NOTE : When the cabinet has no anti--condensation resistance, storage has to take place in a room where there are no significant temperature variations.
D It is advisable to carry out at least 2 CO cycles with SF6 gas at rated pressure every 6 months following the procedure below in order to check the correct operation of the circuit breaker:
Step
1

Action
Check the SF6 gas pressure. The SF6 gas pressure for mechanical
operation is Pre (rated pressure).
NOTE : No mechanical operation authorized with SF6 pressure
Pme.
Close the supply circuit to the resetting motor (the motor starts and
set the closing spring).

Carry out 2 CO cycle, the equipment is in the OPEN position with


the closing spring set and the opening spring released.

Stop the resetting motor supply circuit.

Perform 1 new CO cycle. The equipment is then in the OPEN position, with closing and opening springs released.

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

S22--001EN05
5/6
GRID

Packaging -- Shipping and storage

Packaging - Identification - Storage

Storage > 2 years, continued


Closed and protected D Check the densimeter contact threshold every five years (see Checking
storage area continued the contact densimeter threshold).
D Measure the contact resistance every 5 years (see Main circuit resistance
measurements).

PROTECT THE ELECTRICAL CABINET AGAINST DUST (THEELECTRICAL CABINET MUST BE COVERED BUT NOT AIRTIGHT).
ANY CHANGE OF LOCATION OF THE APPARATUS (EVEN AFTER COMMISSIONING) SHOULD BE DONE AT A REDUCED PRESSURE OF
0.03 MPa.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

S22--001EN05
6/6
GRID

Packaging -- Shipping and storage

Cases identification

Fully circuit breaker


Diagram

FKG1

2
1

Components

The following table lists the principle components of the fully circuit breaker:
Mark
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

02--2011

Component
Anchoring
Frame support
Circuit breaker
Cables boxes
Sun sheild
Lifting girder
SF6 bottle
Transport case

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G25--001EN02
1/2
GRID

Packaging -- Shipping and storage

Cases identification

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G25--001EN02
2/2
GRID

Installation

Erection general instructions

Erection general instructions


Instructions
of environment

The table below gives the instructions of environment to respect for the erection :
Instruction

Erection
instructions

Verify the Civil engineering work : dimensions,


levels of concrete pads (structure fixation), in
accordance with the tolerances given by Civil
work standards (refer to device outline).

Avoid any dust production and masonry work


during erection of the device.

The table below gives the instructions to respect for proper erection of the circuit--breaker :
Instruction

Warning

02--2011

Comment

Comment

Read all the Installation modules completely


before beginning erection works.
The erection instructions describe all the procedures to be carried out as well as their chronological order.

The shipping case should be open as required


during erection procedures.
CAUTION : Respect sub--assemblies identification.

Respect references to other modules,


i.e. :Bolting and Tightening torquesI.

No responsibility is taken over by ALSTOM Grid. for damages and disturbances resulting out of non--adherence to the Installation modules.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

S30--001EN03
1/2
GRID

Installation

Erection general instructions

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

S30--001EN03
2/2
GRID

Installation

Bolting and Tightening torques

Presentation
Introduction

In the assembling with screws, all the fastening screws must be greased before torque tightening.

Products used

The table below gives the list of the used products for the screws before tightening :
Designation
Grease
Contact Grease
Contact grease
Silicon grease
Glue

In this module

ALSTOM item
reference
--01835208
(1kg box)
--01835104
(1kg box)
--01835118
(200g tube)
--01835265
(100g tube)
--01818327
(250ml)

Supplier

Supplier item
reference

MOBIL OIL

MOBILPLEX 47

EPMF

NEUTRAL
VASELINE
CONTACTAL
HPG

SAMARO

MOLYKOTE 111

LOCTITE

LOCTITE 225

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Screw greasing before tightening
Tightening torques values

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3

S31--001EN05
1/4
GRID

Installation

Bolting and Tightening torques

Screw greasing before tightening


Choice of the
product to use

The table below gives the product to use for the screws before tightening depending on the assembling type :
If assembling ...
usual
electrical connections

with seals

Where to apply
the product ?

Product to use ...


MOBILPLEX 47
NEUTRAL VASELINE
Can be
dismantled ?
YES
NO

Product ...
MOLYKOTE 111
LOCTITE 225

The table below indicates the part of the screws to treat with the appropriate
product before tightening depending on the assembling type :
If assembling...

With screws

With bolts

usual

electrical connections

Tapping or threading
with seals

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Tapping or threading

S31--001EN05
2/4
GRID

Installation

Bolting and Tightening torques

Tightening torques values


Values table

The tool and the tightening method must be such that the torque actually applied to the screw head corresponds with the reference torque shown in the
table below, to within a tolerance of 20%.

TIGHTENING TORQUES
in daN.m
STEEL SCREWS

Example

02--2011

CLASS 6.8
or
STAINLESS A2--70, A4--70

CLASS 8.8
or
STAINLESS A2--80, A4--80

M2,5

0,05

0,06

M3

0,09

0,11

M4

0,19

0,26

M5

0,38

0,51

M6

0,66

0,88

M8

1,58

2,11

M10

3,20

4,27

M12

4,97

6,63

M14

8,67

11,56

M16

13,42

17,90

M20

26,22

34,98

M24

45,68

60,93

M30

90,44

120,65

For a theorical torque of 5 daN.m, the tightening torque can be applied from
4 daN.m to 6daN.m.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

S31--001EN05
3/4
GRID

Installation

Bolting and Tightening torques

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

S31--001EN05
4/4
GRID

Installation

Checking for presence of SF6 gas in poles

Presentation
Introduction

The pole are filled with SF6 gas for transport purposes to an effective pressure
of 0,03 MPa at 20C (101.3 kPa).

In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Pole checking when the cases are opened on the site
Checking for presence of SF6 gas in poles

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3

G31--061EN04
1/4
GRID

Installation

Checking for presence of SF6 gas in poles

Pole checking when the cases are opened at site


Preparing the pole

Remove the cover and the side panels of the case. Remove partially packaging protection to free the housing to can reach the filling device into the operating mechanism..

.FKG1N/F/X/XV/XW

Visual inspection
of the ples

It is of prime importance that the presence of SF6 gas in pole be


verified before going any further with installation.

FK3--12

SF6 three phase


checking

02--2011

or

SF6 one phase


checking

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--061EN04
2/4
GRID

Installation

Checking for presence of SF6 gas in poles

Checking for presence of SF6 gas in poles


Process

The table below gives the steps of checking for presence of SF6 gas in poles :
Step
1

Action
Remove the plug (1) and install
the filling tool (3), tighten the filling tool BY HAND.

Diagram
1

D Remove the plug (4).


D Connect the tube (5) -- of the
gauge 0--1 MPa (6) -- to the filling tool (3).

** If, as foreseen, presence of


gas has been verified carry on
with assembly.
** If, unlikely as this is, there
is a no gas pressure contact
our customer service.

3
6

D Replace the valve--cap (4)


and remove the filling tool (3).
D Re--install the plug (1).

4 daN.m
3
4

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--061EN04
3/4
GRID

Installation

Checking for presence of SF6 gas in poles


This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--061EN04
4/4
GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
Presentation
NOTE :

THIS INSTALLATION PROCEDURE IS APPLICABLE FOR A FKG1N / F


/ X TYPE CIRCUIT BREAKER

Introduction

The roofs (covers) of the circuit breaker are differents between :


D breaker with cooling system,
D breaker without cooling system.

In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Isolating the apparatus
Removing the covers without cooling system (FKG1N)
Removing the covers with cooling system (FKG1F/X)
Re--install the covers without cooling system (FKG1N)
Re--install the covers with cooling system (FKG1F/X)

06--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4
6
7

G31--080EN05
1/10
GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
Isolating the apparatus
Caution

DURING MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ALL POSSIBLE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN TO PROTECT PERSONNEL WORKING
ON THE EQUIPMENT.

Reminder

The inspection and overhaul operations described in this section should always be performed with the apparatus isolated, in other words :
D main circuit de-energized,
circuit--breaker open
disconnector open
D starting disconnector open (if applicable),
D grounding of each extremity,
E.S in closed position (1 or 2).
D mechanically and electrically out of service.

Caution

The covers and sun-visor should be placed with enclosures, separately and
on a flat surface.

Caution

During maintenance operations, two persons can rise simultaneously on the


enclosures covers. The maximum load not to be exceeded is 200kg.

Caution

IF THESE SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS OR THOSE IN FORCE ON THE SITE


WHERE EQUIPMENT IS BEING INSTALLED ARE IGNORED, THE PERSONNEL MAY BE ENDANGERED.

06--2012

G31--080EN05
2/10

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
Removing covers without cooling system, (If applicable).
Remove covers

Remove the covers by attaching slings to the lifting rings.

x2

.A

.A

.B
.B
HM10--40

x36

06--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--080EN05
3/10
GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
Removing covers with cooling system, (If applicable).
Sun sheild disassem- Sun sheild assembly (disassembly) of circuit--breaker on site.
bly (if applicable)

.A

Sun sheild assembly

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement

...31--35.

VS...GAD01D

.A
.A
FKG1F

FKG1X

Introduction

Before to remove the cover :


D Disconnect the voltage connection braid (A).
D Disconnect the Serflex (B) collar.

.A

.B
.B

.A
.B

Continued on next page.


06--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--080EN05
4/10
GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
Disassembly covers with cooling system, continued (If applicable).
Removal of
the covers

A Remove the cover plates and the seals between the half covers,
B Remove the crown from the gasket ring
C -- Remove the half covers from the enclosure.
.A

HM8--30
1F

x1

1X

.B

.C
HM10--40

HM8
1F/1X

x6 x6
x8 x10
x18 x16

x24

1F

1X

x48 x40
.A

.A

.B

.A

.B
.C
Removal of the
covers (continued)

Remove the half--covers with the aid of lifting strap.

x2

.A

.A

Continued on next page.


06--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--080EN05
5/10
GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
Re--install covers without cooling system, (If applicable).
Cleen enclosure
indside

Before re-installing of covers :


D check inside encolure cleanness, no outsider body (tools, pieces...).
D Cleen and sweep up hoover enclosure inside.

Re-install covers
without
cooling system

Re-install of covers with tighten the screws to their required torque, and proceed with preparation of electrical contacts (see ...31--501).

.A

.B

CAUTION
check enclosure/cover marking.

x2

.A
.B

HM10--40

x36

Continued on next page.

06--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--080EN05
6/10
GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
Re-- install covers with cooling system, continued (If applicable).
Cleen enclosure
indside

Before re-installing of covers :


D check inside encolure cleanness, no outsider body (tools, pieces...).
D Cleen and sweep up hoover enclosure inside.

Re--install covers

On the enclosure, position the half--covers with the aid of the lifting strap.

x2

.A

.A

Continued on next page.

06--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--080EN05
7/10
GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
Re-- install covers with cooling system, continued (If applicable).
Remounting
the covers
(continued)

Remounting the covers, with the bolting tightened to torque, and by applying
the procedure Connections with preparation of the electrical contact surfaces (See...31--501).
A -- Fix the half covers on to the enclosure,
B Fix the crown on the gasket ring,
C Fit the seals between the half covers, and fix the cover plates.
HM8--30

.A

1.6 daNm

1F

1X

x6 x6
x8 x10
x18 x16

Return the extremity of


the seals in the covers
notch

.A
.A
.B
.B
.C
.B

x2

.C
1.6 daNm

3.2 daNm

HM10--40
HM8 1F/1X

x24

06--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

1F

1X

x48 x40

G31--080EN05
8/10
GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
Re--install covers without cooling system, (If applicable).
Introduction

After fitting the cover :


D Connect the voltage connection braid (A)
D Tighten the Serflex collar (B).

.A

.B
.B

.A+B
.B

Sun sheild assembly


(if applicable)

Sun sheild assembly of circuit--breaker on site.


Refer to the procedure Sun sheild assembly on the GCB of at site, see summary for reference (...31-35.),

.A

Sun sheild assembly

...31--35.

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

.A
.A
FKG1F

FKG1X

06--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--080EN05
9/10
GRID

Installation

Removing (Re-- install) the covers of enclosure


for intervention
This page is intentionally blank.

06--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--080EN05
10/10
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

NOTE :

THIS INSTALLATION PROCEDURE IS APPLICABLE FOR A FKG1N,


FKG1F, FKG1X / XP / XV / XW TYPE CIRCUIT BREAKER (heat sink not
represented here)

Necessary product

Grease MOBILPLEX 47 (screws greasing)

Necessary ALSTOM
Grid tools

List of the ALSTOM Grid tools necessary for the installing :


Illustration

Description

Number

Lifting tool

Lifting strap
(Not supplied
by ALSTOM
Grid)

FKG1N/F
X/XP/XV/XW

Length = 6m
Load = 1 T

Lifting equipment

Provide for an adequate means of lifting (daN) (see VS...GAD01D).

Process

The following table gives the stages for installation of the circuit breaker :
Step
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K

Topic
Inspecting civil engineering works
Identifying the circuit--breaker (if several)
Installing the lifting girder
Installing the circuit--breaker -- Step 1
Insulation control
Installing the circuit--breaker -- Step 2
Installing the circuit--breaker -- Step 3
Tests pre--commissioning
Safety instructions for busbar dielectric test
(IF APPLICABLE)
Safety instructions for return to initial state after busbar
dielectric test (IF APPLICABLE)
Installing the circuit--breaker -- Step 4

Page
2
*
4
5
9
10
12
15
16
17
19

* Refer to Packaging -- Identification -- Storage.

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
1/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Inspecting civil engineering works


Rewinder

AVOID ANY DUST PRODUCTION AND MASSORY WORK DURING CIRCUIT--BREAKER ERECTION.

Check the distances


between axles of exixting busbars

Check the values for X, Y, and Z, distances between axles of exixting busbars
and dimensioning of bays attachment points with sighting gear
(see VS...GAD01D).

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

frame and cubicle fixation points

Evenness of the
Civil Engineering
Structures

04--2011

Using shims, adjust the differences in evenness of the concrete structures


with a tolerance of: 1mm, and with a shims height adjustment difference
of: 0 + 15mm

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
2/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Checking for presence of SF6 gas before assembly


Check for presence of Check for presence of SF6 used for transportation.
SF6.

.A

.A
Checking for presence
of gas...

G31--061

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
3/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the lifting tool


Initial Requirements

NEVER HANDLE OR SLING THE CIRCUIT BREAKER OR POLES FROM


UNDER THE SHEATHES.
ALWAYS USE THE SLINGING/LIFTING POINTS BELOW.

Handling

Installing the lifting tool

CAUTION!
Adjust the balance

Site attaching tool

x4

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
4/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 1


Positionning

Present the assembly to the floor on its anchoring points after having added
10 mm of shims under the frame/ controls assembly.

.A
Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

.A

Fixing to the ground


and checks flatness

Z = IPB axis to the ground


-- Pre--tightening of fixings.
-- Check the levels by using a viewing lens (insert shims if required evenness
1mm), and tightening to the required torque levels.
.A
Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

Z
evenness
1mm

Continued on next page.


04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
5/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 1, continued


Fastening onto the
ground wtth spacers

Z = IPB axis to the ground


Fixed support to their required torque (A, B,C,D) on the ground with the
screws V (Not supplied by ALSTOM Grid See VS...GAD01D).
NOTE : Y = Distance between phases :
1500 : beams fitted with 2 feets and 2 supports
> 1500 : beams fitted with 3 feets and 3 supports
Busbar central axis

A
A
C

A
A

B
B

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement

CAUTION!

CORRECT ADJUSTMENT CONDITIONS THE CORRECT FUNCTIONING OF THE EQUIPMENT.

VS...GAD01D

N/F/X

N/F/X/XP/XV/XW

SCREWS HM16
(NOT SUPPLIED BY
ALSTOM Grid)

11 daNm

1500

x4

Y >1500

x6

x1

N/F/X/XP/XV/XW

x4

XP/XV/XW

x2

or

x2
x3

Continued on next page.

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
6/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 1, continued


Fastening onto the
ground wtth spacers

Z = IPB axis to the ground


Using a telescopic sight, level the circuit breaker assembly by adjusting,
where necessary, evenness 1mm using shims (between breaker supports
and spacers) and tighten to torque with the screws V (supplied by ALSTOM
Grid).
NOTE : Y = Distance between phases :
1500 : beams fitted with 2 feets and 2 supports
> 1500 : beams fitted with 3 feets and 3 supports

evenness
1mm

Y
Y

CAUTION!

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement

CORRECT ADJUSTMENT CONDITIONS THE CORRECT FUNCTIONING OF THE EQUIPMENT.

HM16-- 70

VS...GAD01D

11 daNm

Continued on next page.


04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
7/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 1, continued


Removal of transport
tools.

Remove the 2 or 4 retaining brackets used during transport.

x2
x4

Remove covers

XP/XV/XW

Remove the covers by attaching slings to the lifting rings (see G31--08.).
Dismantling and reassembly
of the metal enclosure covers
(FKG1N/F).

Dismantling and reassembly


of the metal enclosure covers
(FKG1XP/XV/XW).

G31--080

Precaution, after covers removal

N/F/X

G31--082

ALL PRECAUTION SHALL BE TAKEN AFTER COVERS REMOVAL FOR


PROTECTION OF THE EQUIPMENT LOCATED INSIDE OF THE ENCLOSURE.

CAUTION! :
ITS FORBIDDEN TO STEP ON OR PRESS THE INTERNAL
PART OF THE ENCLOSURE.

Continued on next page.

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
8/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Control insulation
Process

Before continuing erection checking beetwen enclosure/fram insulation for


the 3 poles.
FOR THE 3 POLES CHECK
ENCLOSURE/FRAME INSULATION

POLE ENCLOSURE
INSULATING
BRACE

04--2011

POLE
FRAME

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
9/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 2


Instal side busbars
flexible connexions

Side busbars only install flexible connections. (see VS...GAD01D, and


...31-501, and ...31-001).
Insert into C.B. enclosure the busbar equiped with the flexible connections.
(VS...GAD01D, and ...37-1).

NOT SUPPLIED CONNECTING BRAIDS


BY ALSTOM Grid

daNm

Continued on next page.

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
10/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 2, continued


Connection

Connection of circuit--breaker/busbar enclosures.


. PROCEED WITH CONNECTION OF BAY/BUSBAR
ENCLOSURES (OUTSIDE ALSTOM Grid SUPPLY RANGE) OTHERWISE TAKE ALL NECESSARIES PRECAUTIONS FOR PROTECT THE EQUIPMENT
. ALL PRECAUTIONS MUST BE TAKEN AT THE TIME
OF ENCLOSURE CONNECTION IN ORDER TO PROTECT THE INTERNAL COMPONENT (VTs, CTs, ISO
COMPOSITE, ...) AND AVOID THE INSIDE ENCLOSURE
POLLUTION.

CAUTION !

. DO NOT MODIFY THE ADJUSTMENTS REALIZED ON


THE BAY (ALTITUDE, LATITUDE).
USE SLEEVES SO AS TO MAKE UP FOR COAXIALITY
FAULTS.

CONNECTION SLEEVES BUSBAR / BAY


ENCLOSURES (OUTSIDE ALSTOM Grid
SUPPLY RANGE).

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

For connection with


welding

CAUTION! : WELDING OF ENCLOSURES EXCEPT PRESSURE


. ALL PRECAUTIONS MUST BE TAKEN AT THE TIME OF ENCLOSURE
CONNECTION IN ORDER specifically for the welding, TO PROTECT
THE INTERNAL COMPONENT (VTs, CTs, ISO COMPOSITE, ...) AND
AVOID THE INSIDE ENCLOSURE POLLUTION.

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
11/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 3


Connections

Carry out the joining up of the flexible connections as follows :


(See VS...GAD01D, ...31--501 and ...31--001)
D Prepare the contact surfaces on the braids, and the circuit breaker connections.
Refer to the procedure Connections with preparation of electrical contact
surfaces, see summary for reference (...31--501).
D Assemble the braids, and tighten to torque.
Refer to the procedure Bolting and tightening torques, see summary for reference (...31--001).

.A
Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

...31--501

...31--001
daNm

FLEXIBLE CONNECTIONS.
SUPPLY FOLLOWING CUSTOMER
COMMAND(ORDER).

.A

.A

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

SCREWS
SUPPLY FOLLOWING CUSTOMER
COMMAND(ORDER)

Continued on next page.


04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
12/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 3, continued


Installion of LV
cubicle into Working position

Move the LV cubicle on its support using straps, from transport position to
working position.
-- Procedure A for circuit--breaker FKG1N/F/X
-- Procedure A + B for circuit--breaker FKG1XP/XV/XW
A

FKG1N/F/X
transport position

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

Hole N0 1

Hole N0 7

working position

Hole N0 1

Hole N0 9

B FKG1XP/XV/XW
transport position

Hole N0 1

Hole N0 3

working position

Hole N0 1

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
13/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 3, continued


Installing the ground
pads

Connect the earthing circuit to the earthing terminals on the chassis and
regrouping cabinet.

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
14/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Tests pre--commissioning
Process

Before continning with assembly :

Filling with SF6 gas

PROCEED WITH FILLING WITH SF6 GAS (See...32--001).

Pre--commissioning
inspection

PROCEED WITH THE TESTS AND CONTROLS PRIOR TO COMMISSIONING (See ...34--001).
IN ACCORDANCE WITH TEST REPORT PRIOR TO COMMISSIONING
(See RES 337).

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
15/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Safety instructions for busbar dielectric test (IF APPLICABLE)


REMINDER

ALSTOM Grid S.A. declines all responsibility for damages resulting


from no respect of here above recommendations

Immediate Test
Procedures

If the dielectric test is planned for this phase of installation, it is essential to


follow the instructions below.

Procedure with a CT

D Current transformer
-- at power frequency up to 50 kV RMS, each secondary winding must be earthed.
-- for a lightning impulse, it is recommended that you dismantle the CTs and
remove them from the duct.

VT Procedure

D Potential transformer(s) with a fuse


It is imperative to :
-- remove the fuse,
-- dismantle the braid from the fuse--holder on the circuit breaker or disconnector connections,
It is then imperative to :
-- place each secondary winding in an earthed and short--circuit configuration.
D Potential transformer(s) without a fuse
It is imperative to :
-- dismantle the braid linking the P1/H1 (primary terminal) to the PT on the
circuit breaker or disconnector.
It is then imperative to :
-- place each secondary winding in an earthed and short--circuit configuration.

Procedure with
a capacitor

D Capacitor
It is imperative to :
-- disconnect and remove the capacitor, together with its braid, from the circuit breaker.

Procedure with a
lightning arrester

D Lightning arrester
It is imperative to :
-- disconnect and remove the lightning arrester, together with its braid, from
the circuit breaker.

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
16/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Safety instructions for overhauling after the dielectric test,


(IF APPLICABLE)
REMINDER

ALSTOM Grid S.A. declines any liability for failures caused by the non--respect of these directives.

Procedure with a PT

D Potential transformer(s) with a fuse


It is imperative to respect the order of assembly :
-- remove the short--circuit device from the secondary winding,
-- Re--assemble the fuse--holder braid to the circuit breaker or disconnector
connections by applying the procedures for preparation of the electrical contact surfaces and Bolting and tightening torques,
-- Re--assemble the fuse.
D Potential transformer(s) without a fuse
It is imperative to respect the order of assembly :
-- Remove the short--circuit device from the secondary winding,
-- Re--assemble the braid connecting the P1/H1 (primary terminal) of the PT
to the circuit breaker or disconnector by applying the procedures preparation
of the electrical contact surfaces and Bolting and tightening torques,

Procedure with a
capacitor

D Capacitor
Re--assemble by applying the procedures Preparation of electrical contact surfaces and Bolting and tightening torques.

Procedure with a
lightning arrester

D Lightning arrester
Re--assemble by applying the procedures Preparation of electrical contact surfaces and Bolting and tightening torques.

Later scheduling
of the test

If the dielectric test is planned for later it is imperative to respect the following
instructions.
D Protect the interior of the equipment by temporarily remounting the metal
enclosure covers with all of the bolting in order to avoid pollution of the inside
of the enclosure, without applying the procedures Preparation of the electrical contact surfaces and Bolting and tightening torques.
D Following the dielectric test carried out later whilst following the directives of the precautions for the equipment before dielectric testing,
continue the chronological order for assembly of the device as described in
the manual.

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
17/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit breaker Step 4,


Cleaning inside
the enclosure

Before re-assembling the covers :


D Check the cleanliness inside of the enclosure, no foreign bodies (tools,
parts etc.),
D Vacuum clean and clean out the interior of the enclosures.

Remounting the
covers

Remove the covers as per the module (See G31--08.).

Dismantling and reassembly


of the metal enclosure covers
(FKG1N/F).

Dismantling and reassembly


of the metal enclosure covers
(FKG1XP/XV/XW).

G31--080

G31--082

Continued on next page.

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
18/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 4, continued


(IF APPLICABLE)
Starting disconnector Connecting of starting disconnector with/or without fuses.

.A

Connecting of starting
disconnector

...31--301

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

.A

Sun sheild assembly


(if applicable)

Sun sheild assembly of circuit--breaker on site.


Refer to the procedure Sun sheild assembly on the GCB of at site, see summary for reference (...31-350),

.A

Sun sheild assembly

...31--350

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement
VS...GAD01D

.A
.A
FKG1F

FKG1X

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
19/20
GRID

Installation

Assembly of the circuit breaker on-- site

Installing the circuit-- breaker - Step 4, continued


(IF APPLICABLE)
Erection of helicodal
fans

Erection of helicodal fans (see ...31--221).

.A

Erection of
helicoidal fans

Circuit-breaker
General arrangement

...31--221

VS...GAD01D

FKG1XV

.A

FKG1XW

.A

.A

FKG1XW
Extented

04--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--201EN12
20/20
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

Presentation
Introduction

At the time of the PRE-COMMISSIONING INSPECTIONS AND TESTS,


the resistance of apparatus main circuit must be, necessarily, measured at site.
This first measure will be used as reference to estimate the apparatus evolution in the time.
The read off measures asked will be consigned in the pre-commissioning test
report by checking them with acceptance criteria, joined to the manual.

In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Material condition before measuring
Tool and equipment necessary for measuring
Measuring main resistance procedure of single circuit--breaker
Measuring main resistance procedure of generator circuit--breaker
Measuring main resistance procedure of single disconnector
Flexible connection
Repair in initial condition

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4
6
7
8
9

G31--401EN02
1/10
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

Material condition before measuring

Material condition

For measuring of the main circuit resistance the apparatus must be completely assembled : poles -- operating mechanism.
The pole apparatus must be opened and :
-- control rod system of apparatus installed,
-- busbar installed.
-- busbar enclosure installed and connected (soldering executed) to the bay
enclosure (if applicable),
-- earthing switch(es) closed, not connected on the earth main circuit, circuit-breaker opened,
-- starting disconnector closed, not connected to the static converter cable(s),

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--401EN02
2/10
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

Tool and equipment necessary for measuring


Necessary control
equipment

02--2011

Apparatus enabling measurement of resistance from 0,3 m 0,1 m to 10


m 0,2 m with direct current.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--401EN02
3/10
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

Measuring main resistance procedure of single circuit-- breaker


Reminder

The goal of the procedure is to close the circuit--breaker to measure the main
circuit resistance.

Warning

BEFORE ALL INTERVENTION ON THE OPERATING DEVICE, MAKE


SURE THAT THE CIRCUIT--BREAKER IS OPEN ANDITS POSITIONINDICATOR IS IN THE POSITION BELOW.

Circuit--breaker
Open

Closing spring
Released
00000

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--401EN02
4/10
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

Measuring main resistance procedure of single circuit-- breaker, continued


Position of material

put in position LOCAL (manual operating mechanism), the operating


mechanism,
-- circuit--breaker closed,
-- disconnector opened,
-- earthing switch(es) or starting disconnector (if applicable) opened.

Process

D Establish a direct current at least 100 A between the input and output of
the apparatus to be tested.
D Connect the measuring equipment on the holes allowed.
D Measurement (R1) of voltage decrease between these two points gives
the resistance value at the rate of 100 mV for 1 m.

R1
Hole
4

R1

100 A

Hole
4

100 A

Reminder

02--2011

The resistance on each apparatus must be less than the value given in
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA.
Refer to the document ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA, see summary for reference.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--401EN02
5/10
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

Measuring main resistance procedure of generator circuit-- breaker


Position of material

put in position LOCAL (manual operating mechanism), the operating mechanism,


-- circuit-breaker and disconnector closed,
-- earthing switch(es) or starting disconnector (if applicable) opened.

Process

D Establish a direct current at least 100 A between the input and output of
the apparatus to be tested.
D Connect the measuring equipment on the holes allowed.
D Measurement (R2) of voltage decrease between these two points gives
the resistance value at the rate of 100 mV for 1 m.

R2
Hole
4
100 A

R2
Hole
4

100 A

Reminder

02--2011

The resistance on each apparatus must be less than the value given in
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA.
Refer to the document ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA, see summary for reference.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--401EN02
6/10
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

Measuring main resistance procedure of single disconnector


Position of material

put in position LOCAL (manual operating mechanism), the operating mechanism,


-- circuit-breaker opened,
-- disconnector closed,
-- earthing switch(es) opened (if applicable),

Process

D Establish a direct current at least 100 A between the input and output of
the apparatus to be tested.
D Connect the measuring equipment on the holes allowed.
D Measurement (R3) of voltage decrease between these two points gives
the resistance value at the rate of 100 mV for 1 m.

R3
Hole
4
100 A

Reminder

02--2011

100 A

R3
Hole
4

The resistance on each apparatus must be less than the value given in
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA.
Refer to the document ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA, see summary for reference.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--401EN02
7/10
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

Flexible connections
Process

The ALSTOM supply being restricted to the end pads of apparatus, flexible
connections and bolting hardware excluded, this manual does not give any
regulations concerning the contact resistance existing between the pads and
these connections.

However, the attention is pointed out on the importance lying with the quality
of these contacts, which depends on the assembling conditions (surface
condition, tightening torque for screws and bolts) and having these conditions
maintened times goes.
For more information purposes, no total contact resistance should exceed
0.5m.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--401EN02
8/10
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

Back up to initial state


End of control

02--2011

Disconnect the control apparatus, and open manually the apparatus shill closed.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--401EN02
9/10
GRID

Installation

Measuring main circuit resistance

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--401EN02
10/10
GRID

Installation

Connection with preparation of electrical contact surfaces

Presentation
In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Preparing the contact surfaces
Preparation before assemblage of silver--plated aluminium alloy
and silver--plated aluminium or copper alloy
Installing connections
Preparation before assemblage of aluminium alloy and aluminium
alloy without coating
Preparation before assemblage of aluminium alloy and aluminium
alloy without coating (contined)

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4
5
6

G31--501EN04
1/8
GRID

Installation

Connection with preparation of electrical contact surfaces

Preparing the contact surfaces


List

List of the ALSTOM products and accessories necessary for the installing :
ALSTOM
reference

02--2011

Diagram

Designation

--01861262

Can of ISOPROPANOL (1l)

--01835106

Vaseline 204--9

--01835118

Vaseline 204--9

--02212337

Scotch Brite A--VF

--01831320

Abrasive paper A400

--02212334

Rag

--02211842

Round brush No.4

--02211831

Brush No.16

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--501EN04
2/8
GRID

Installation

Connection with preparation of electrical contact surfaces

Preparation before assemblage of silver-- plated aluminium alloy and silver-- plated aluminium or copper alloy
Process

The table below gives the steps of preparing the contact surfaces :
NOTE : The operations below must be realized ONLY at the
moment of the installation.
Step

Action

Remove the protection


and clean carefully the
contact surfaces.

02--2011

Dry rub with Scotch Brite


A--VF.

Diagram

Disconnector switch
FKG1N/F/X/XP/XV/XW

Eliminate the dust produced.

Coat with NEUTRAL


VASELINE.

circuit breaker
FKG1N/F
circuit breaker
FKG1X/XP/XV/XW

Wipe with a clean rag,


leaving just a thin layer
of grease.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--501EN04
3/8
GRID

Installation

Connection with preparation of electrical contact surfaces

Installing connections
Flexible connectors

The flexible connectors must immediately be attached to the connector plate


once the contact surfaces have been prepared.
Fasten the connections between circuit--breaker and busbar using screws,
tighten to the appropriate torque.

BRAID CONNECTIONS AND


SCREWS NOT SUPPLIED BY
ALSTOM

Circuit-breaker
layout

daNm

Important
information

VS...GAD01D

With regards junctions crossed by the installations rated current, contact


resistance/braid must not exceed 0,5 m..
This measure will be realized before all commissioning.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--501EN04
4/8
GRID

Installation

Connection with preparation of electrical contact surfaces

Preparation before assemblage of aluminium alloy and aluminium alloy without


coating
Parts concerned

Envelope and cover FKG1F--X

Process

The table below gives the steps of preparing the contact surfaces :
NOTE : The operations below must be realized ONLY at the
moment of the installation.

Step

Action

Diagram
FKG1F--X

dry rub with fine emery


cloth,
A

B
C
A

clean thoroughly to eliminate dust produced,

lightly coat with electrical contact grease,


FKG1N
A
A

rub over the grease with


A
400
water-proof
emery paper.

B
B

D
D

C
C

Continued on next page.


02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--501EN04
5/8
GRID

Installation

Connection with preparation of electrical contact surfaces

Preparation before assemblage of aluminium alloy and aluminium alloy without


coating (contined)
Parts concerned

Envelope and cover FKG1XP--XV--XW

Process

The table below gives the steps of preparing the contact surfaces :
NOTE : The operations below must be realized ONLY at the
moment of the installation.

Step

Action

Diagram
FKG1XP--XV--XW

dry rub with fine


emery cloth,

clean thoroughly to
eliminate dust produced,

A+B+D
D+C
A

B
D

lightly coat with


electrical
contact
grease,

rub over the grease


with A 400 water-proof emery paper.

B+C

Continued on next page.


02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--501EN04
6/8
GRID

Installation

Connection with preparation of electrical contact surfaces

Preparation before assemblage of aluminium alloy and aluminium alloy without


coating (contined)
Grease used

The electrical contact grease consists of a mixture of :


50 % neutral Vaseline (-01835106)
and
50 % Contactal grease (-01835118)
To ensure that this mixture is clean, it is preferable to prepare and stock it in
tubes.
A small quantity of this mixture should be applied to the prepared surface,
spread out, then wiped over using a clean cloth, so that only a thin layer remains.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--501EN04
7/8
GRID

Installation

Connection with preparation of electrical contact surfaces

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G31--501EN04
8/8
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas

NOTE :

THIS PROCEDURE IS APPLICABLE FOR A CIRCUIT--BREAKER FKG1,


FKG2 standard or reverse, filling with SF6 gas three pole or single pole
(1 filling SF6 gas per pole)

Presentation
Warning

DUE TO RISK OF DAMAGE TO CERAMIC ENVELOPES DURING


TRANSPORTATION, PEOPLE PRESENT AT THE GAS FILLING
OPERATION SHOULD SHELTER THEMSELVES OR STAY AT A
MINIMUM PROTECTION DISTANCE (ABOUT 50 m).

Necessary equipment List of the necessary ALSTOM equipment and tools for the filling with SF6
and tools
gas :
Mark

Diagram

Designation

Number

Filling tool

Pressure reducer

SF6 gas bottle(s)

14

Gauge 0--1 MPa

* depending on the apparatus.

In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Installing the filling tool
Preparing the SF6 gas bottle
Filling with SF6 gas
Confirm the pressure
Checking pressure
Checking gas--tightness
Moisture content of SF6 gas in circuit--breaker

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4
5
6
8
9

M32--001EN06
1/10
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas

Installing the filling tool


Warning

Hazard of asphyxiation
Whenever entering confined spaces there is a danger of death or serious
injury by asphyxiation.
D Make sure the confined spaces are properly ventilated before personnel
enter.
D Make sure a person outside of the confined space supervises the work.
D Obey the look--out/tag--out and permit to work procedures.
D Make sure escape routes are available and not blocked.

Process

The table below gives the steps of installing the filling tool on the SF6 checking
bloc.
Step
1

Action
Remove the plug (17).

Diagram

02--2011

Install the filling tool (2) (hand


tightening).

Undo the valve--cap (3).

17

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M32--001EN06
2/10
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas

Preparing the SF6 gas bottle


Process

The table below gives the steps of preparing the SF6 gas bottle :
Step
1

Action
Remove the cover (4) and plug (5)
from the SF6 gas bottle (6).

Diagram
5

4
6

SF6
2

Fit the pressure reducer (8) on the


SF6 gas bottle (6).

SF6
3

Briefly open the SF6 gas bottle tap


(7) and the cock (9) of the pressure
reducer to eliminate any air inside
the piping (approx. 20 s at low
flow--rate).

SF6
4

02--2011

Close the SF6 gas bottle tap (7)


and the cock (9) of the pressure reducer.
NOTE : Keep the end of the
tube (10) in high position to
keep the SF6 gas which it contains and to prevent damp air
from entering.

SF6

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Open

Closed
10

Closed

M32--001EN06
3/10
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas

Filling with SF6 gas


Filling pressure
calculation

Calculate the SF6 gas filling pressure in accordance with the temperature and
the local atmospheric pressure.
Filling is carried out to calculated pressure plus 0.01 MPa.

See the module SF6 gas monitoring.

Filling

The table below gives the steps of the filling with SF6 gas operation :
10
7
11
Open
2

SF6
Step
1
2

3
4

02--2011

Closed

Action
Comment
Connect the tube (2) to the filling
tool (10).
Open the SF6 gas bottle tap (7) Close the tap (7) from time to
and adjust gas output by acting on time to check pressure on the
the cock (9) of the pressure reduc- gauge (11).
er (reduced flow rate).
Start filling again until the required
pressure is reached.
Close in this order : the tap (7),
then the cock (9).

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M32--001EN06
4/10
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas

Confirm the pressure


Process

The table below gives the confirmation operation steps of the filling pressure
with SF6 gas :
Step
1

Action
Disconnect the tube (10) -- of
the pressure reducer -- from the
filling tool (2).
NOTE : Keep the unconnected end of the tube (10)
higher than the other end, to
stop the SF6 gas which it
contains from escaping and
to prevent moisture entering.

Comment/Diagram
10

D Connect the tube (15) -- of


the gauge 0--1 MPa (14) -- to
the filling tool (2).
D When the required pressure
is confirmed, remove the
gauge (14) and and store it
away from humidity.

15
14

Remove the filling tool (2) and


refit the plug (17) (4 daN.m)

17

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M32--001EN06
5/10
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas

Checking pressure
Principle

Having allowed the temperature to remain steady for at least 12 hours after
filling, it is necessary to check and definitively adjust the pressure to its corrected value -- defined according to both ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure.

Preparation

The table below gives the preparation steps before checking pressure :
Step
1

Action
D Remove the plug (17) and
install the filling tool (2).
D Unscrew the valve--cap (3).

Diagram
2
3

17

D Connect the tube (15) -- of


the gauge 0--1 MPa (14) -- to
the filling tool (2).

2
14

15

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M32--001EN06
6/10
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas

Checking pressure, continued


Decision table

The table below gives the process depending the pressure measured :

14
16

If the pressure measured is ...


correct
too high

too low

End of control

Action
End of control
Adjust the pressure by means of valve
(16) on the gauge (14) to reach the required corrected pressure.
Top--up with SF6 gas
If the pressure
Action
adjustment
is ...
0,05 MPa
End of control
> 0,05 MPa
Proceed to a
new inspection
after a stabilization period of
2--3 hours.

The table below gives the end steps of the checking pressure :
Step
1

Action
Disconnect the gauge (14)
0--1 MPa.

Diagram

14

D Remove the filling tool (2)


and re--install the plug (17), applying a tightening torque of
4 daN.m; leak--tightness is
only guaranteed if this condition is respected.
D Screw the valve--cap (3) on
the filling tool (2).

17

2
3

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M32--001EN06
7/10
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas

Checking gas-- tightness


Necessary
ALSTOM tools

The ALSTOM tool necessary for the tightness inspection :


Mark
(12)

Process

Diagram

Designation

Number

Leak detector (optional)

Make sure that the plug (17) is perfectly leak--tight using the leak detector (12).

17

12

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M32--001EN06
8/10
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas

Moisture content of SF6 gas in circuit-- breaker


Principle

02--2011

This measurement is not required, the equipment being provided with


molecular sieves in sufficient quantity to give a dew point of 0C (32F) for
an ambient temperature of 20C (68F), this applies for a unit filled to its
nominal pressure for 2 or 3 months.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M32--001EN06
9/10
GRID

Installation

Filling with SF6 gas


This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

M32--001EN06
10/10
GRID

Commissioning

Pre--commissioning inspections

Presentation
Introduction

After installation of the bay, completion of all earth circuit and electrical connections, it is necessary to perform certain pre--commissioning inspections.
These inspections should be performed with the apparatus ready to be commissioned (energized), in other words.
D LV electrical circuits conforming, in voltage and type, with the low--voltage
diagrams and rating plate of the apparatus.
D SF6 envelopes at rated SF6 pressure.
NOTE : Rated pressure, pressure of equipment after SF6 gas filling.
D Flexible connections linking circuit--breaker to busbar installed.

Reminder

The measurement values demanded hereafter are to be taken during the test
and inspection programme prior to commissioning and checked with the values of the acceptance criteria and checking points end of this sheet, then
entered in the pre-commissioning test report (RES..., see summary for reference)

. The document RES... which should then be sent for approval


to ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer Service.
. If, however, the values do not conform with those foreseen in the
acceptation criteria or general characteristics, contact :
ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer Service.

Caution

DURING OPERATIONS REQUIRED AS PART OF INSPECTION PROGRAMME PRIOR TO COMMISSIONING, ALL POSSIBLE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN TO PROTECT PERSONNEL WORKING
ON THE EQUIPMENT.
See Product safety sheets, PS0000EN

In this module

This module contains the following checking inspections :


Inspections

Page
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

SF6 gas
Operating device of circuit--breaker
Test operations of circuit--breaker
Operating device of disconnector(s)
Test operations of disconnector(s)
Preparing for resumption of service
Finish

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G34--001EN04
1/8
GRID

Commissioning

Pre--commissioning inspections

SF6 gas
Warning

Hazard of asphyxiation
Whenever entering confined spaces there is a danger of death or serious
injury by asphyxiation.
D Make sure the confined spaces are properly ventilated before personnel
enter.
D Make sure a person outside of the confined space supervises the work.
D Obey the look--out/tag--out and permit to work procedures.
D Make sure escape routes are available and not blocked.

Reminder

SF6 envelopes are at rated pressure following the SF6 gas filling operation.

Parameters

Take note of parameters below :


D site altitude, in meters,
D atmospheric pressure of site in hPa,
D site temperature in C.

Checking SF6 gas

SF6 pressure values must obligatorily be read on the pressure inspection


gauge (tooling). Pay no attention to indications given by the dial densimeter
on the filling control block (where applicable) ; it is not accurate enough for this
inspection.
The table below gives the steps of checking :
Step
1
2

SF6 gas
humidity level

02--2011

Action
Comment
Measure SF6 gas pressure by Follow the instructions given in
means of the pressure inspection module Filling with SF6 gas.
gauge (tooling)
Correct pressure found.
Follow the instructions given in
module SF6 gas monitoring.

The SF6 humidity level need not be known as the equipment is fitted with molecular sieves in sufficient numbers to give a dew point lower than, or equal
to, 0C at an ambient temperature of 20C, for an apparatus filled to its rated
pressure for 2 or 3 months.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G34--001EN04
2/8
GRID

Commissioning

Pre--commissioning inspections

Operating device of circuit--breaker


Measurements

Note the supply voltage of motors on the operating mechanism terminals.

Measurements

TO PROCEED ERECTION MEASURE APPARATUS RESISTANCES (see


...31--401).

Various inspections

Check that the following items are working correctly :


-- heating,
-- lighting,
-- connections on terminals (no excessive tightening).

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G34--001EN04
3/8
GRID

Commissioning

Pre--commissioning inspections

Test operations of circuit-- breaker


Test operations

D The connection of auxiliary circuits is sufficiently advanced to allow remote


controls to be used.
D Perform 10 CLOSING -- OPENING cycles electrically, by remote control.

Measurements
specific to the
circuit--breaker

D Closing time
Measure the closing time of each pole from current emission in the circuit-breakers closing electro-magnet until the moment when contacts touch in the
pole.
D Opening time
Measure the opening time of each pole, from current emission in the circuit-breakers opening electro-magnet to the moment when contacts separate in
the pole.
D Opening-closing sequence times :
Perform a CO cycle and measure the following times :
-- Closing time.
-- Opening time.
-- Closing-opening time.
D Operating of auxiliary contacts (CS) :
-- Closing operation : Measure operating times of auxiliary contacts. For both
types of contact (a and b).
-- Opening operation : Measure operating times of auxiliary contacts. For
both types of contact (a and b).
D Simultaneity gap between poles :
Measure the simultaneity gap between poles during the following operations
-- Closing.
-- Opening (circuit 1).
-- Opening (circuit 2).

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G34--001EN04
4/8
GRID

Commissioning

Pre--commissioning inspections

Operating device of disconnector(s) (if applicable)


General conditions

The measurements which follow will be performed at nominal voltage of the


coils.
The cabling shall be effectively done.
Note the voltage supply value and order phase numbering to the motor terminals of the mechanism.

Measurements

TO PROCEED ERECTION MEASURE APPARATUS RESISTANCES (see


...31--401).

Various inspections

Check that the following items are working correctly :


-- heating,
-- connections on terminals (no excessive tightening).

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G34--001EN04
5/8
GRID

Commissioning

Pre--commissioning inspections

Test operations of disconnector(s) (if applicable)


Introduction

The measurement values demanded hereafter are to be taken during the test
and inspection programme prior to commissioning and checked with the values of the acceptance criteria and checking points end of this sheet, then
entered in the pre-commissioning test report (RES..., see summary for reference) which should then be sent for approval to ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer Service.
If, however, the values do not conform with those foreseen in the acceptation
criteria or general characteristics, contact ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer
Service.

Closing time

Measure, on each pole, the time lapse between current emission in the coil
of the closing contactor of the disconnector and the moment when
contacts touch in the pole.

Opening time

Measure, on each pole, the time lapse between current emission in the disconnector opening electro-magnet and the moment when contacts separate
in the pole.

Locking by means of
locks

Check that all keys required for locking are present.


Check that the locking functions of disconnector and earthing switch(es) are
operating correctly, in accordance with the interlocking diagram, at both opening and closing of apparatus.

Position signalisation Check that disconnector position indicators are operating correctly on the mimic diagram.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G34--001EN04
6/8
GRID

Commissioning

Pre--commissioning inspections

Preparing for resumption of service


Preparing for resumption of service

02--2011

-- Re-install cover and sun visor (where applicable), see module : Connection with preparation of contact surfaces.
-- Check cover tightness if the enclosure is under pressure.
-- Re-energize electrical power and monitoring control circuits (motor power
supply, heating, lighting).
-- Open all the HV apparatus of the bay by means of local operating mechanism.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G34--001EN04
7/8
GRID

Commissioning

Pre--commissioning inspections

Finish
Subject

D This subject of this document is to describe the sequence of repair procedures necessary to correct any surface damage to the paint on the GCB
enclosure.
D It is not in the realms of the procedure to details repair to the enclosure
itself. The supervisor on site is to determine the severity of the damage to the
GCB enclosure (aluminium alloy). This procedure covers damage fom small
scratchs and scuffs. Greater damage than this would require the intervention
of a site inspector.

Used products

D
D
D
D
D

Process

INSPECTION AND CLEAN :


D Once it has been determined that the damage is limited to only surface
abrasion of the paint, the area of the damage will require cleaning and preparation.

Alcohol isopropanol.
Paint PU780 (FARBATHANNE NF) (colour RAL 9006).
Paintbrush.
Emery paper.
Not supplied : Cleaning rags, and gloves.

D Any mud, dirt or grease must be removed from around the area to be repaired.
D Mud and dirt can be cleaned and wiped off with wet rags and/or a sponge.
Grease will need to be removed with alcohol. Once complete, leave for a short
time to dry. Wipe down with a clean rag.
D Use the emery paper to clean up the damaged area.
D Wipe away metal dust with a clean rag.
PAINTING :
Open the pot of paint, stir if necessary, if the product has been in storage for
a long period of time.
Using the paintbrush, apply an even coat of paint over the damaged area.
Paint an area slightly larger than the damaged area, covering all the surface
touched by the emery cloth. Thus ensuring a good coverage of the exposed
area.
It have been determined that under normal circumstances one coat of paint
is all that is necessary. Should the client require it a second coat of paint may
be added. To this end please refer to the details printed on the paint pot concerning drying times between paint applications.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G34--001EN04
8/8
GRID

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE


COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO


Page / Pgina : 1/17

Formulaire RES 337

DISJONCTEUR DALTERNATEUR

FKG1N/1F/1X/1X-V/1X-P/1X-W
commande mcanique FK3.12

SF6 GENERATOR CIRCUIT BREAKER TYPE


INTERRUPTOR DE MACHINA EN SF6 TIPO

et sectionneur
and disconnector
y seccionador

SKG

MKG(1)

MKG(2)

IKG

avec commande(s) lectriques(s) type / with electrical control mechanism(s) type / con organo(s) de maniobra electrica tipo : CMK
CLIENT / CUSTOMER / CLIENTE

________________

Poste/Substation/Subestacin

__________________

Rfrence client /Customers reference/ Referencia del cliente

_____________________________

Commande ALSTOM N
ALSTOM order N
_______________
N de pedido ALSTOM

Repre
Item
Ref

Norme
Standard
Norma

Spcification du client
Customers specification _______________
Especificacin del cliente

_______________

_______________

CARACTRISTIQUES/CHARACTERISTICS/CARACTERISITICAS
Tension/Voltage/ Tensin

Frquence/Frequency/ Frecuencia

________ kV

Courant en service continu /Normal current/ Corriente en servicio continuo

Pouvoir de coupure en court-circuit/Short-circuit breaking current/ Poder de corte en corto circuito

Pression absolue du gaz SF6


Absolute SF6 gas pressure at 20C ______ MPa
____MPa
Presin absoluta del gas SF6

________ Hz

________ A
________kA

Pression relative du gaz SF6


Relative SF6 gas pressure at 20C and 1013 hPa
Presin relativa del gas SF6

Tension dalimentation des circuits auxiliaires/Supply voltage of auxiliary circuits/


Tensin de alimentacin de los circuitos auxiliares
Bobines
Coils
________ V(____)
Bobinas

Moteur
Motor ________ V(____)
Motor

Chauffage
Heater
________ V(____)
Calefacin

Signalisation
Alarm ________ V(____)
Sealizacin

Circuit de commande
Control circuit
________
Circuito de mando

Cablage alimentations / Supply voltage wiring

Dfinitif/ definitive
Temporaire/ Temporary

V(____)

Le matriel a subi les contrles et essais avant mise en service, conformment au fascicule (contrles avant mise en
service).
The material was subjected to the inspections and tests prior to commissioning as required in sections (inspections commissioning).
El material fue sometido a las inspecciones y a los ensayos antes de la puesta en servicio como requerido en las secciones
(inspecciones antes de la puesta en servicio).

Date de fin de montage


Erection completion date_____________
Fecha de conclusion de montaje
Date des essais de mise en service
Commissioning date _______________
Fecha de puebras para puesta en servicio

Ralis par
Performed by _____________
Realizado por

Pour le client
For the customer _____________
Para el cliente

Raliss par
Performed by _____________
Realizado por

Pour le client
For the customer _____________
Para el cliente

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE


COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

CONTRLE PRLIMINAIRES AVANT INSTALLATION


PRELIMINARY INSPECTIONS BEFORE INSTALLATION
INSPECCINES PRELIMINARES ANTES DE LA INSTALACIN
Constat sur le site
Verification at site
Verificacin en el sitio
Organe de manuvre
Operating mechanism
tat des emballages
Organo de maniobra
Condition of packings
lment de ple
Condicin de los embalajes
Pole element
Elemento de polo
Sous abri
Under shelter
Al abrigo
Ralisation du stockage
Correcte
Storage
Satisfactory
Almacenamiento
Correcto
Dfectueuse
Unsactisfactory
Defectuoso
Alimentation du chauffage des commandes
Heating system supply of mechanisms
Alimentacin del calentamiento de los mandos
Vrification de la prsence de la pression SF6 de transport
Checking of transport SF6 pressure
Comprobacin de la presin de SF6 de transporte
Observations Remarks Observaciones

__________

__________

__________

__________

__________

__________

__________

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

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28/03/2011

N dInstruction

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Date de rvision

Page

2/17
Pgina

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

Page

3/17
Pgina

IDENTIFICATION
IDENTIFICATION
IDENTIFICACIN

P1 :

P3 :

Ple
Pole
Polo

N de srie
Serial number
Serial numero

Rep .. / ..

P1

_______________

__________ / 1

P2

_______________

__________ / 2

P3

_______________

__________ / 3

ple situ juste derrire les organes de manuvre


pole juste behind operating mechanisms
primer polo detrs de los organos de maniobra
ple situ loppos des organes de manuvre
pole at the opposite of operating mechanisms
ltimo polo detrs de los organos de maniobra

MONTAGE SUR SITE DU DISJONCTEUR


ASSEMBLY OF THE CIRCUIT BREAKER ON SITE
MONTAJE DEL INTERRUPTOR EN EL SITIO
Contrle du gnie civil, vrifications laide dune lunette de vise.
Civil works inspection using sighting gear.
Control de ingeniera civil con un teodolito.
Contrle des entraxes du jeu de barres.
Check the distances between busbars axles.
Controlar de las distancias entre ejes de juegos de barras.
Planit du gnie civil.
Flatness of the civil engineering structures.
Planeidad de la ingeniera civil.
Fixation au sol et vrification de la planit.
Fixing to the ground and flatness checks.
Fijacin al piso y verification de la planeidad.

Tolrance 1mm, utilisation de cles maxi 15mm.


Tolerance 1mm, using shims maxi 15mm.
Tolerance 1mm, utilizacin de calas maxi 15mm.
Tolrance 1mm, utilisation de cles.
Tolerance 1mm, using shims.
Tolerance 1mm, utilizacin de calas.

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

Page

4/17
Pgina

VRIFICATION APRS MONTAGE


CHECKS AFTER ERECTION
COMPROBACIN DESPUS INSTALACIN
Schma de cblage
Wiring diagram
Esquema de alambrado

________________

Croquis de montage
Assembly drawing
Dibujo de instalacin

________________

Conformit croquis montage


Conformity to instalation drawing____________
Conformidad con dibujo de montaje

Conformit schma filerie


Conformity to wiring diagram
________________
Conformidad con esquema de alambrado

Vrification de lassemblage
Vrification of assembly
________________
Comprobacin del montaje

Conformit signalisation optique


Confomity of optical indication
________________
Conformidad de la sealizacin optica

Schma de principe
Elementary diagram
Esquema de principio

Relev du compteur de manuvre


avant essais de fonctionnement mcanique _____
Counter reading before mechanical operating tests
Lectura del contador de maniobra
antes de los ensayos de functionamiento mecnico

________________

Le matriel a t inspect et mont conformment aux fascicules de la notice


The material was subjected to the inspections and mounting operations as required in manual and prior to commissioning.
El material fue inspeccionado y montado antes de la puesta en servicio como requerido en las secciones (inspecciones antes de la
puesta en servicio).

Date de fin de montage


Erection completion date
__________
Fecha de conclusion de montaje

Ralis par
Performed by
Realizado por

______________________

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE


COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Page

5/17
Pgina

ESSAIS DE TENUE LA TENSION DES CIRCUITS AUXILIAIRES ET DE COMMANDE


VOLTAGE WITHSTAND TESTS ON AUXILIARY AND CONTROL CIRCUITS
ENSAYOS DE TENSIN SOPORTADA DE LOS CIRCUITOS AUXLIARES Y DE MANDO
Appareil de mesure test equipment

Calibration date

N de srie serial number

Application dune tension dessai de


Application of a test voltage of ________
Aplicacin de una tensin de ensayo de

Observations

kV (valeur efficace) pendant


s, entre la filerie et le bti.
kV (rms value)
for
____ s, between wiring and the base.
kV, (valor eficaz) durante
s, entre la cableria y la base.

Les moteurs et les quipements, dj essays conformment leur propre spcification, ont t
dconnects pendant ces essais.
The motors and equipments tested previously in accordance with their own specification were
disconnected during these tests.
Los motores y equipos sometidos anteriormente a ensayos de acuerdo con sus especificaciones propias
fueron desconnectados durante estos ensayos.
MESURAGE DE LA RSISTANCE DU CIRCUIT PRINCIPAL
MEASUREMENT OF THE RESISTANCE OF THE MAIN CIRCUIT
MEDICIN DE LA RESISTENCIA DEL CIRCUITO PRINCIPAL
Appareil de mesure test equipment

N de srie serial number

Courant continu dessai


Test direct current
100 A
Corriente continua de ensayo

Calibration date

Observations

Temprature au moment des essais


Temperature at testing time
________ C
Temperatura al momento de las pruebas
Ple
P1
Polo

Ple
P2
Polo

Ple
P3
Polo

FKG

________

________

________

SKG

________

________

________

Combin (FKG + SKG)

________

________

________

MKG (1)

________

________

________

MKG (2)

________

________

________

IKG

________

________

________

Valeurs en / Values in / Valores en :

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

VRIFICATION DE LA PRESSION DU GAZ


GAS PRESSURE CHECK
COMPROBACIN DE LA PRESIN DEL GAS
Appareil de mesure test equipment

Altitude
Altitude
Altitud

N de srie serial number

Pgina

MPa

Calibration date

Pression baromtrique
Barometric pressure
______ hPa
Presin baromtrica

______ m

Page

6/17

Observations

Temprature
Temperature
Temperatura

______ C

Pression absolue / Absolute pressure / Pressin absoluta


Mesurage de la pression de remplissage
Filling pressure measurement
Medicin de la presin de llenado
Valeur calcule quivalente 20C en MPa absolue
Equivalent computed values at 20C in MPa absolute
Valores computados equivalentes para 20C en MPa absolutos

______
______

Pression relative / relative pressure / Pressin relativa


At 20C and 1013 hPa
Mesurage de la pression de remplissage
Filling pressure measurement
Medicin de la presin de llenado
Valeur calcule quivalente en MPa
Equivalent computed values in MPa
Valores computados equivalentes en MPa

______
______

Observations Remarks Observaciones

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

Page

7/17
Pgina

CONTRLE DU DENSIMTRE DE SURVEILLANCE DE LA PRESSION DE SF6


(pression relative en Mpa)
SF6 GAS PRESSURE MONITORING DENSIMETER INSPECTION
(relative pressure in Mpa)
COMPROBACIN DEL DENSIMETRO DE VIGILANCIA DE LA PRESIN DE SF6(pression relativa en Mpa)
Temprature
Temperature
Temperatura

Pression baromtrique
Barometric pressure
Presin baromtrica

________C

Unit de mesure de pression des seuils :


Thresholds pressures measurement unit :
Unit de medicin de las presiones de los umbrales :

MPa

1er seuil
1 threshold
1e umbral

2me seuil (voie 1)


2 threshold (way 1)
2e umbral (via 1)

2me seuil (voie 2)


2 threshold (way 2)
2e umbral (via 2)

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

________

st

Pression mesure

Measured pressure
Presione medicion

Pression ramene
Resultant pressure at
1013 hPa
Presin corespondiante para

et
and
y

20C

________hPa

nd

nd

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

ESSAIS DE FONCTIONNEMENT MCANIQUE


MECHANICAL OPERATING TESTS
ENSAYOS DE FUNCIONAMIENTO MECNICO
Appareil de mesure test equipment

Page

8/17
Pgina

DURES DE FONCTIONNEMENT
OPERATING TIMES
TIEMPO DE OPERACIN
Calibration date

N de srie serial number

ms

Observations

Tension dalimentation sur le site.


Supplyvoltage on site
____ V(____)
Tensin de alimentacin sobre el sitio
Ple
P1
Polo

Ple
P2
Polo

Ple
P3
Polo

_____

_____

_____

sc

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

sc

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

sc

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

Avec contacteur
With contactor
Con contactor
Sans contacteur
Without contactor
Sin contactor
voie 1
way 1
via 1
voie 1
way 1
via 1
voie 2
way 2
via 2
voie 2
way 1
via 1

Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre

Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura

Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura

Cycle de manuvre de fermeture-ouverture


Close-open operating cycle :
Ciclo de maniobras de cierre-apertura

CO

Dure de fermeture-ouverture
Close-open time
Tiempo de cierre-apertura

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

MESURAGE DES CARTS DE SIMULTANIT


COINCIDENCE DEVIATION MEASUREMENT
DICIN DE LAS DIFFERENCIAS DE SIMULTANEIDAD

Entre ples
Between poles
Entre polos

Page

9/17
Pgina

ms

Fermeture
Closing
Cierre

______

Ouverture voie 1
Opening way 1
Apertura via 1

______

Ouverture voie 2
Opening way 2
Apertura via 2

______

MESURAGE DES DURES DE FONCTIONNEMENT DES CONTACTS AUXILIAIRES


MEASUREMENT OF AUXILIARY CONTACT OPERATING DURATIONS
MEDICIN DE DURACIONES DE FUNCIONAMIENTO DE LOS CONTACTOS AUXILIARES

Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre
Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura

Type de contact
Contact type
Tipo de contacto
52 b

______

52a

______

52b

______

52a

______

ms

MESURAGE DES DURES DE RARMEMENT DE LORGANE DE COMMANDE


MEASUREMENT OF OPERATING MECHANISM RECLOSING DURATIONS
MEDICIN DE DURACIONES DE REARME DEL ORGANO DE MANIOBRA
Dure de rarmement aprs un C
Reclosing duration after one C
Duracin de rearme despues de una C

ms

______

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

Page

10/17
Pgina

SKG MKG (1 & 2) IKG


ESSAIS DE FONCTIONNEMENT MCANIQUE
MECHANICAL OPERATING TESTS
ENSAYOS DE FUNCIONAMIENTO MECNICO

DURES DE FONCTIONNEMENT
OPERATING TIMES
TIEMPO DE OPERACIN

Tension dalimentation sur le site


Supply voltage on site
______V ______
Tensin de alimentacin sobre el sitio

SKG

MKG (1)

MKG (2)

IKG

Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre
Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura
Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre
Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura
Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre
Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura
Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre
Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura

______

______

______

______

______

______

______

______

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

Page

11/17
Pgina

SKG MKG (1 & 2) IKG


ESSAIS DE FONCTIONNEMENT MCANIQUE
MECHANICAL OPERATING TESTS
ENSAYOS DE FUNCIONAMIENTO MECNICO

SKG

DURES DE FONCTIONNEMENT DES CONTACTS AUXILIAIRES


OPERATING TIMES AUXILIARY CONTACT
TIEMPO DE OPERACIN DE LOS CONTACTOS AUXILIARES

Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre
Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura

MKG (1)

MKG (2)

IKG

Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre
Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura
Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre
Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura
Manuvre de fermeture
Closing operation
Maniobra de cierre
Manuvre douverture
Opening operation
Maniobra de apertura

Type de contact
Contact type
Tipo de contacto

Dure
Duration
Duracin

52 a

______

52 b

______

52 a

______

52 b

______

52 a

______

52 b

______

52 a

______

52 b

______

52 a

______

52 b

______

52 a

______

52 b

______

52 a

______

52 b

______

52 a

______

52 b

______

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

Page

12/17
Pgina

POSITION DU TUBE DE CONTACT PAR RAPPORT LA COUPURE ALIMENTATION LECTRIQUE


CONTACT TUBE POSITION WHEN POWER SUPPLY SWITCHED OFF
POSITIN DEL TUBO DE CONTACTO AL CORTE DE LA PROVISIN ELECTRICA
Ple/Pole/ Polo
1

Ple/Pole/Polo
2

Ple/Pole/Polo
3
critre/criteria/criterio :

Fermeture ct fixe
Closing fixed contact side
Cierre lado del contacto fijo

______ mm

______ mm

______ mm

(10,6 mm 18,6 mm)

Fermeture ct mobile
Closing mobile contact side
Cierre lado del contacto mobil

______ mm

______ mm

______ mm

(20,4 mm 28,4 mm)

MESURE EN FERMETURE / MEASUREMENT ON CLOSING OPERATION / MEDIDA EN CIERRE

ct mobile/mobile side/lado mobil

ct fixe/fixed side/lado fijo

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

VRIFICATIONS DIVERSES
VARIOUS CHECKINGS
COMPROBACINES DIVERSAS
Dispositif danti-pompage

Ouverture de secours

Anti-pumping device
Dispositivo de anti-bombeo

Emergency opening
Apertura de emergencia

Fermeture localemcanique/lectrique

Ouverture locale mcanique/lectrique

Local closing
Cierre local

Local opening
Apertura local

mechanical/electrical
mecnico/electrico

mechanical/electrical
mecnico/electrico

Fermeture distance

Ouverture distance

Remote closing
Cierre distancia

Remote opening
Apertura distancia

Chauffage thermostat

Signalisation dfaut SF6 1er seuil

Thermostated heating
Calefaccin con termostats

SF6 fault indication 1 thereshold


Sealisacin de falta de SF6 1o umbral

Chauffage permanent

Signalisation dfaut SF6 2nd seuil

Permanent heating
Calefaccin permanente

SF6 fault indication 2nd thereshold


Sealisacin de falta de SF6 2o umbral

Serrage des bornes BT

Peinture des gaines (si applicable)

Tightening of LV terminals
Apriete de las terminales BT

Painting of enclosures (if applicable)


Pintura de las envolturas (si aplicable)

Squence de fonctionnement

Contrle de ltanchit SF6 des assemblages

Operating sequence
Secuencia de maniobra

SF6 tightness testing of assemblies


Comprobacin de estanqueidad SF6 de los
montajes

st

Relev du compteur de manuvre


Reading of operating counter
Lectura de contadore de maniobra

________

OBSERVATIONS REMARKS OBSERVACIONES

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

Page

13/17
Pgina

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

PRINCIPE DE SURVEILLANCE DU SYSTEME DE VENTILATION.


MONITORING PRINCIPLE OF THE VENTILATION SYSTEM.
PRINCIPIO DE VIGILANCIA DEL SISTEMA DE VENTILACION.

Vrification du principe de surveillance du systme de ventilation hlicoidale et centrifuge.


Verification of monitoring principle of the ventilation system for axial flow fans and centrifugal fans.
Verification de principio de vigilancia del sistema de ventilation helicoidal y centrifuga.
Rglage des relais de surveillance seuil de courant.
Adjustment of monitoring threshold current relays.
Ajuste de los rels del umbras de corriente.
Ple1/Pole1/ Polo1
Relais/Relays/Rel KA10

Relais/Relays/Rel KA11

Relais/Relays/Rel KA15

Ple2/Pole2/ Polo2
Relais/Relays/Rel KA30

Relais/Relays/Rel KA31

Relais/Relays/Rel KA35

Ple3/Pole3/ Polo3
Relais/Relays/Rel KA50

Relais/Relays/Rel KA51

Relais/Relays/Rel KA55

Relev du compteur de manuvre


Reading of operating counter
Lectura de contadore de maniobra

________

OBSERVATIONS REMARKS OBSERVACIONES

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

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28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

Page

14/17
Pgina

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

Page

15/17
Pgina

CONTRLE DES TRANSFORMATEURS DE TENSION


CHECK OF VOLTAGE TRANSFORMERS
CONTROL DE LOS TRANSFORMADORES DE TENSIN
Aprs tous les contrles de fonctionnement, relever et noter les n didentification fournisseur et n de srie.
After all the mechanical operating tests, take and write down the supplier identification number and srial number.
Despues de todos los controles de funccionamiento, anotar los numeros de identificacion del provedor y numeros de serie.

Ct fixe (ct transformateur)


Fixed part side (transformer side)
Contacto fixo (lado transformator)
P1

Ct mobile (ct gnrateur)


Mobile part side (generator side)
Contacto mobilo (lado generador)

TP1
VT1

TP2
VT2

TP1
VT1

TP2
VT2

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________
TP1
VT1

_______________
_______________
TP2
VT2

_______________
_______________
TP1
VT1

_______________
_______________
TP2
VT2

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________
TP1
VT1

_______________
_______________
TP2
VT2

_______________
_______________
TP1
VT1

_______________
_______________
TP2
VT2

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

_______________
_______________

N_____________
Identification fournisseur
Supplier number
Numero provedor
Numro de srie
Srial number
Numero serie

P2
N_____________
Identification fournisseur
Supplier number
Numero provedor
Numro de srie
Srial number
Numero serie

P3
N_____________
Identification fournisseur
Supplier number
Numero provedor
Numro de srie
Srial number
Numero serie
NB :

TP1/VT1 :

TP2/VT2 :

monts gauche, vus de lextrieur de la gaine (en se plaant du mme ct que les quipements en question)
put on the left, seen from outside the enclosure (when watching from the same side than mentioned equipments)
instalados a la izquierda, mirando del exterior de la envoltura (poniense del mismo lado de los dichos equipos)

monts droite, vus de lextrieur de la gaine (en se plaant du mme ct que les quipements en question)
put on yhe right, seen from outside the enclosure (when watching from the same side than mentioned equipments)
instalados a la derecha, mirando del exterior de la envoltura (poniense del mismo lado de los dichos equipos)

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

Page

16/17
Pgina

Mettre un * si TP doubles monts en parallle au primaire et srie au secondaire


Put a * if dual VT intalled with primary in parrallel and secondary in serial
Poner un *si transformador de Tension doble en parallelo al primario y en serie al segundario.
CONTRLE DU CBLAGE DES TRANSFORMATEURS DE TENSION
CHECK OF VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER WIRING
CONTROL DEL CABLEADO DE LOS TRANSFORMADORES DE TENSIN
Contrle selon instruction ALSTOM rf. QDA 20 095
Test procedure according ALSTOM doc. ref. QDA 20 095
Controles sega procedura ALSTOM ref QDA 20 095
Tension primaire (bornes A, N):
Primary voltage (terminals A, N)
Tensin del primario (bornas A, N)

______ Volt

Tension secondaire/tertiaire
Secondary / tertiary voltage
Tensin del segundario/terciario

______ Volt

Ct gnrateur/generator side
Ct transformateur/Transformer side
Lado del transformador
Lado del generador
VT1
VT2
VT1
VT2
Pole1 Pole 2 Pole 3 Pole1 Pole 2 Pole 3 Pole1 Pole 2 Pole 3 Pole1 Pole 2 Pole 3
Calcul ratio transformateur de tension / Transformer ratio calculation/clculo relacin transformador de tensin
secondaire /secondary/
segundario N1
(bornes1a, 1n ou a, n) /
(terminals 1a, 1n or a, n) /
(bornas 1a, 1n o a, n)
secondaire /secondary/
segundario N2
(bornes 2a, 2n) /
(terminals 2a, 2n) /
(bornas 2a, 2n)
tertiaire /tertiary/terciaro
(bornes da, dn)
(terminals da, dn)
(bornas da, dn)

Mesure tensions secondaire/tertiaire / Secondary/tertiary voltage measurement / Medida segundario/terciaro


secondaire /secondary/
segundario N1
(bornes1a, 1n ou a, n) /
(terminals 1a, 1n or a, n) /
(bornas 1a, 1n o a, n)
secondaire /secondary/
segundario N2
(bornes 2a, 2n) /
(terminals 2a, 2n) /
(bornas 2a, 2n)

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

_______________ / _______________
RAPPORT DESSAIS AVANT MISE EN SERVICE
COMMISSIONING TEST REPORT
RELACIN DE ENSAYOS ANTES DE LA PUESTA EN SERVICIO

Service Qualit
Quality Department
Servicio de calidad

Page

17/17
Pgina

Ct transformateur/Transformer side
Ct gnrateur/generator side
Lado del transformador
Lado del generador
VT1
VT2
VT1
VT2
Pole1 Pole 2 Pole 3 Pole1 Pole 2 Pole 3 Pole1 Pole 2 Pole 3 Pole1 Pole 2 Pole 3
tertiaire /tertiary/terciaro
(bornes da, dn)
(terminals da, dn)
(bornas da, dn)

Cas des enroulements tertiaires cabls en srie / Case of tertiary windings connected in series /
Caso de los arrollamientos terciaros cableados en serie
Tension entre borne dn
ple 1 et borne dn ple 3
(valeur gale celle
mesure sur chaque
tertiaire)
Voltage between terminal
dn pole 1 and terminal dn
pole 3 (value equal to the
value measured on each
tertiary)
Tensin entre borna dn
polo 1 y borna dn polo 3
(valor identico al medido
en cada terciario)
Tension entre borne dn
ple 1 et borne da ple 3
(valeur gale zro)
Voltage between terminal
dn pole 1 and terminal da
pole 3 (value equal to
zero)
Tensin entre borna dn
polo 1 y borna da polo 3
(valor igual a cero))

Comparaison valeurs mesures avec ratio cacul


Comparison between the measured values and the calculated ratio
Comparacin de los valores medidos con la relacin calculada.

Valeurs mesures= valeurs calcules 5%


Measured values : calculaded values 5%
Valores Medidos : valores calculados 5%
ALSTOM Grid SAS
Socit par actions simplifie au capital de 74.478.096
Sige social: Immeuble Le Galile 51, esplanade du Gnral de Gaulle 92907 La Dfense Cedex (France)

389 191 800 RCS Nanterre

EB3 90 020-D24 RES 337

003

28/03/2011

N dInstruction

Indice

Date de rvision

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

This page is intentionally blank.

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

Critre d'Acceptation
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
CRITERIOS DE ACEPTACIN

QUALIT QUALITY - CALIDAD

METTEUR - EMISOR :
QUALITE MONTAGE
QUALITY DEPARTEMENT
SERVICIO CALIDAD

N CRITRE DACCEPTATION
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA NUMBER
N DE CRITERIO DE ACEPTACIN
CA 400 321/3

INDICE : 006

04/06/2011

OBJET - TITLE :
DISJONCTEUR FKG1X / XP / XV / XW A COMMANDE MECANIQUE FK3.12 - MONTAGE SITE
CIRCUIT BREAKER FKG1X / XP/ XV/ XW WITH SPRING MECHANISM FK3.12 SITE ERECTION
DISYUNTOR MECANISMO FKG1X / XP / XV / XW CON RESORTES FK3.12 MONTAJE EN EL SITO

DESTINATAIRES - EXEMPLARIES :

REOCREUX Alain
ATTENCIA Bernard
THION Ren
GIL Vronique
VENARD Pierre
CHEVALIER helene
FARIS marc
Pas de poste OPM en diffusion

Rdacteur(s) :
Drafter visa
Firma redactor
RENON Patrick

CA 400 321/3
N dInstruction-Instruction

Approbateur(s) :
Approver visa
Firma de aprobacin
JACQUIER Frank

03/10/2006
Date dmission-Ist issue

Le prsent document est la proprit de ALSTOM.


Remis titre confidentiel, il ne peut tre communiqu
des tiers ni utilis ou reproduit quen stricte conformit
dautorisations expresses pralables.

006
Indice-Revision

This document is the sole property of ALSTOM. It is


submitted on a confidential basis and may not be
passed on to third parties, used or reproduced except
in exact accordance with prior express permission.

Vrificateur(s) :
Supervisor visa
Firma de verificacin
ASTIC Yves

04/06/2011
Date de rvision

1/5
Page-Sheet

Este documento es propiedad de ALSTOM. Se entrega


confidencialmente. No puede ser comunicado, utilisado
ni reproducido por terceros si no es en estrica
conformidad con autorizaciones expresas previas.

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

VALIDIT VALIDITY - VALIDEZ

DISJONCTEUR - CIRCUIT BREAKER DISYUNTOR

: FKG1X / XP / XV / XW

PRESSION SF6 - SF6 PRESSURE PRESIN DE SF6

: Pre : 0,85 0,95 MPa (absolue)

COMMANDE
MECHANISM
MECANISMO

: MCANIQUE FK3.12
: SPRING MECHANISM FK3.12
: MECANISMO CON RESORTES FK3.12

DFINITION DES DURES

TIME DEFINITION

DEFINICION DE TIEMPO

DURE DE FERMETURE :
Intervalle de temps entre l'instant
de mise sous tension du circuit de
fermeture et l'instant o les
contacts se touchent dans tous les
ples.

CLOSING TIME : Interval of time


between energizing the closing
circuit and the instant when the
contacts touch in all poles.

TIEMPO DE CIERRE : Intervalo de


tiempo entre la energizacin del
circuito de cierre y el momento en
que los contactos se tocan en todos
los polos.

DURE D'OUVERTURE : Intervalle


de temps entre l'instant de mise sous
tension du dclencheur et l'instant de
la sparation des contacts d'arc sur
tous les ples (ou des contacts du
simulateur commands par la
charge fictive).

OPENING TIME : Interval of time


between the instant of energizing
the opening release and the instant
when the arcing contacts have
separated in all poles (or simulator
contacts controled by the dummy
load).

TIEMPO DE ABERTURA : Intervalo de


tiempo entre el momento en que se
energiza la desconexin de abertura y el
momento en que los contactos de arco
se separan en todos los polos.

DURE
DE
FERMETUREOUVERTURE : Intervalle de temps
entre l'instant o les contacts se
touchent dans le premier ple
pendant
une
manoeuvre
de
fermeture, et l'instant o les contacts
d'arc sont spars dans tous les
ples pendant la manoeuvre
d'ouverture qui lui fait suite.

CLOSE OPEN TIME : Interval of


time between the instant when the
contacts touch in the first pole
during a closing operation, and the
instant when the arcing contacts
have separated in all poles during
the subsequent opening operation.

TIEMPO
DE
CIERRE
ABERTURA Intervalo de tiempo
entre el momento en que los
contactos tocan el primer polo durante
una operacin de cierre y el momento
en que los contactos de arco se han
separado en todos los polos durante
la operacin de abertura subsiguiente.

CART DE SIMULTANIT ENTRE


PLES : Pour la mme manoeuvre,
diffrence de temps maximale entre
les instants o les contacts de ples
se touchent la fermeture et
diffrence de temps maximale entre
les instants de sparation des
contacts des ples l'ouverture.

DEVIATION BETWEEN POLES :


For the same operation maximum
deviation between the instants
when the poles contacts touch
during the closing operation and
maximum deviation between the
instants when the poles contacts
are separated during the opening
operation.

DIFERENCIA DE SIMULTANEIDAD
ENTRE POLOS : Para la misma
maniobra, diferencia de tiempo
mxima entre los instantes del
encuentro de los contactos de los
polos al cierre y diferencia de tiempo
mxima entre los instantes de
separacin de los contactos de los
polos al abertura.

CA 400 321/3
N dInstruction-Instruction

03/10/2006
Date dmission-Ist issue

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Date de rvision

2/5
Page-Sheet

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

DURES DE FONCTIONNEMENT
MECHANICAL OPERATING TIMES
TIEMPOS DE FUNCIONAMIENTO MECANICA

(en ms tension assigne)


(in ms at rated voltage)
(en ms a la tensin nominal)

DURES DES CHAMBRES - TIMINGS OF CHAMBERS TEMPORIZACIONES DE CAMARAS

MANOEUVRE OPERATION - OPERACIN


Fermeture Closing- Cierre
Ouverture O1 - Opening O1 Abertura ( bobina de disparo 1 )
Ouverture O2 - Opening O2 Abertura ( bobina de disparo 2 )
Ouverture O2 par bobine minimum de tension
Opening O2 with minimum voltage coil Abertura A2 con bobina a mnimo
de tensin
Fermeture par relais - Closing with relay
RE 3000
Cierre con rel
Allen Bradley
Ouverture par relais - Opening with relay
RE 3000
Abertura con rel
Allen Bradley
Fermeture de CO - Closing of CO - Cierre de CA
Ouverture de CO - Opening of CO Abertura de CA
CO - CA

DURES DES CONTACTS AUXILIAIRES


TIMINGS OF AUXILIARY CONTACTS
TEMPORIZACIONES DE CONTACTO AUXILIARES

57

83

102

122

62
85
72
73

76
100
87
100

Minimum Maximum
Mnimo
Mximo

Type a /Tipo a /Ouverture -Opening - Abertura).


Type b /Tipo b /Ouverture -Opening- Abertura
Type a /Tipo a /Fermeture de CO -Closing of CO - Cierre de CA
Type b/Tipo b /Fermeture de CO -Closing of CO - Cierre de CA
Type a/Tipo a /Ouverture de CO -Opening of CO - Abertura de CA
Type b /Tipo b /Ouverture de CO -Opening of CO - Abertura de CA

03/10/2006
Date dmission-Ist issue

Maximum
Mximo
100
54
54

(en ms tension assigne)


(in ms at rated voltage)
(en ms a la tensin nominal)

TYPE DE CONTACT - MANOEUVRE


TYPE CONTACT OPERATION
TIPO DE CONTACTO - OPERACIN

CA 400 321/3
N dInstruction-Instruction

Minimum
Mnimo
85
46
46

006
Indice-Revision

33
45
90
69
58
74

04/06/2011
Date de rvision

49
61
114
93
82
92

3/5
Page-Sheet

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

CART ENTRE POLES


DEVIATIONS BETWEEN POLES
DESVIACIONES ENTRE POLOS

(en ms tension assigne)


(in ms at rated voltage)
(en ms a la tensin nominal )
MANOEUVRE
OPERATION

Maximum
Mximo

Fermeture Closing - Cierre


Ouverture Opening - Abertura

2.7
1.5

DURE DE REARME FK3.12


CHARGING TIME FK3.12
TIEMPO DE CARGA DEL RESORTES FK3.12

(en s tension assigne)


(in s at rated voltage)
(en s a la tensin nominal)

Tension Moteur en V
Motor Voltage in V
Tensin motor en V
Toutes all - todos

Maximum
Mximo
12

DURE DE FONCTIONNEMENT IKG MKG - SKG (en s tension assigne)


MECHANICAL OPERATING TIMES IKG MKG - SKG (in s at rated voltage)
TIEMPOS DE FUNCIONAMIENTO IKG MKG - SKG
(en s a la tensin nominal)

Maximum - Mximo

Tension Moteur en V
Motor Voltage in V
Tensin motor en V

Fermeture Closing - Cierre

Ouverture Opening - Abertura

toutes all - todos

9.5

9.5

CA 400 321/3
N dInstruction-Instruction

03/10/2006
Date dmission-Ist issue

006
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Date de rvision

4/5
Page-Sheet

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

RESISTANCE DE CONTACT DU CIRCUIT PRINCIPAL


(en sous courant continu de 100A minimum)
MAIN CIRCUIT RESISTANCE (in with a 100A direct current)
RESISTANCIA DEL CIRCUITO PRINCIPAL (en

con corriente continua de 100 A mnimo)

Maximum
Mximo
Ple complet sans connexion - Complete pole without connection/
Polo completo sin conexin

4.4

Sectionneur - Disconnector - Seccionador

Combin FKG avec connexion


Generator circuit breaker FKG with connection
Conjunto con conexin

8.4

Sectionneur de terre complet Complete earthing disconnector


Seccionador de tierra completo

80 KA 3s
100 KA 1s
100 KA 3s
120 KA 1s
160 KA 1s

Sectionneur de dmarrage complet Complete starting disconnector


Seccionador de arranque completo

29
26
32
30

ALSTOM Grid SAS


Socit par actions simplifie au capital de 74.478.096
Sige social: Immeuble Le Galile 51, esplanade du Gnral de Gaulle 92907 La Dfense Cedex (France)

389 191 800 RCS Nanterre


CA 400 321/3
N dInstruction-Instruction

03/10/2006
Date dmission-Ist issue

006
Indice-Revision

04/06/2011
Date de rvision

5/5
Page-Sheet

GRID
ALSTOM Grid SAS
130, rue Lon Blum
69611 Villeurbanne
France

This page is intentionally blank.

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Presentation
Introduction

FKG1 circuit--breakers use pure SF6 gas as an arc quenching medium and
require only a reduced amount of maintenance.

Warning

Hazard of asphyxiation
Whenever entering confined spaces there is a danger of death or serious
injury by asphyxiation.
D Make sure the confined spaces are properly ventilated before personnel
enter.
D Make sure a person outside of the confined space supervises the work.
D Obey the look--out/tag--out and permit to work procedures.
D Make sure escape routes are available and not blocked.

In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Maintenance plan of circuit--breaker
Maintenance plan of disconnector (if applicable)
Maintenance plan of earthing switch (if applicable)
Maintenance plan of starting disconnector (if applicable)
Maintenance operations of circuit--breaker
Maintenance operations of disconnector, earthing switch, and (or)
starting disconnector (where applicable)
Isolating the apparatus
Detail of circuit--breaker maintenance operations
Detail of maintenance operations of disconnector, earthing switch
and (or) starting disconnector (where applicable)
Controls of replacement of the mechanical control mechanism
Equipment end life cycle

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
10
15
17
18

G51--001EN07
1/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Maintenance plan of circuit--breaker


(20000 guaranteed mechanical cycles)
Maintenance
frequency

Under normal operating conditions, the maintenance plan of circuit--breaker


may be defined as follows :
Type of
examination

Frequency

Comment

It is advisable to perform at
least 2 CO duty cycles per
year, when apparatus are
scarcely used, in order to
Maintenance
Once or twice a year
check that the circuit--visits
breaker and associated
control circuits are working properly.
This necessitates circuit--breaker shutdown. It is not
necessary, however to disInspections
Every five years
mantle interrupting chambers
and other sub--assemblies.
Perform when one of the fol- However, it is recommended
lowing criteria is reached :
to proceed with inspection of
D operating time 20 years the pole or circuit--breaker
used the most, then to adapt
D electric wear
Overhaul
the maintenance programme
D Service life for the motor--- for the other breakers
driven fans (if applicable) depending on the results
25,000 hours/fan
observed.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
2/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Maintenance plan of disconnector (if applicable)


(10000 guaranteed mechanical cycles)
Maintenance
frequency

Under normal operating conditions, the maintenance plan of disconnector


may be defined as follows :
Type of
examination

Frequency

Comment

It is advisable to perform at
least 2 CO duty cycles per
year, when apparatus are
scarcely used, in order to
Maintenance
Once or twice a year
check that the disconnecvisits
tor and associated control
circuits are working properly.
This necessitates disconnecInspections
Every five years
tor shutdown.
Perform when one of the fol- However, it is recommended
lowing criteria is reached :
to proceed with inspection of
D operating time 20 years the pole or disconnector used
the most, then to adapt the
Overhaul
maintenance programme for
the other apparatus depending on the results observed.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
3/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Maintenance plan of earthing switch (if applicable)


(10000 guaranteed mechanical cycles)
Maintenance
frequency

Under normal operating conditions, the maintenance plan of earthing switch


may be defined as follows :
Type of
examination

Frequency

Comment

It is advisable to perform at
least 2 CO duty cycles per
year, when apparatus are
scarcely used, in order to
Maintenance
Once or twice a year
check that the earthing
visits
switch and associated control circuits are working
properly.
This necessitates apparatus
Inspections
Every five years
shutdown.
Perform when one of the fol- However, it is recommended
lowing criteria is reached :
to proceed with inspection of
D operating time 20 years the pole or earthing switch
used the most, then to adapt
Overhaul
the maintenance programme
for the other apparatus
depending on the results
observed.
Intervention following Under the specific conditions of a guaranteed maximum short--circuit, proa guaranteed maxceed as below:
imum short--circuit
Type of
examination

Intervention

02--2011

Frequency

Comment

After a guaranteed
maximum short--circuit

After
overhauling
the
earthing switch, it is
recommended that you
carry out at least 2 C--O
cycles with the aim of
checking its correct functioning.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
4/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Maintenance plan of starting disconnector (if applicable)


(10000 guaranteed mechanical cycles)
Maintenance
frequency

Under normal operating conditions, the maintenance plan of starting disconnector may be defined as follows :
Type of
examination

Frequency

Comment

It is advisable to perform at
least 2 CO duty cycles per
year, when apparatus are
scarcely used, in order to
Maintenance
Once or twice a year
check that the starting disvisits
connector and associated
control circuits are working properly.
This necessitates apparatus
Inspections
Every five years
shutdown.
Perform when one of the fol- However, it is recommended
lowing criteria is reached :
to proceed with inspection of
D operating time 20 years the pole or starting disconnector used the most, then to
Overhaul
adapt the maintenance programme for the other apparatus depending on the results
observed.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
5/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Maintenance operations of circuit-- breaker


(20000 guaranteed mechanical cycles)
Guide

The table below is a guide of the operations to be carried out at each maintenance stage :
MAINTENANCE VISITS (1 or 2 times a year)
INSPECTION (every 5 years)
OVERHAUL (OPERATING TIME : 20 years)
OVERHAUL (ELECTRICAL WEAR : see Electrical wear limits,
module S51--051)
OVERHAUL (MECHANICAL OPERATIONS :
10 000 cycles)
REVISION for the ventilation (FKG1XP--XV--XW)
(SERVICE LIFE: 25,000 hours/fan)
Operation counter reading.
`J J J J
Overall inspection : appearance (corrosion, paint`J J
work, signs of overheating).
Inspect the insulating envelopes of poles.
J J J J
Check the condition of crank lever assembly (axles,
`J J J J
retaining, clips,...).
Check operation of permanent heating. Check condi`J J J J
tion of air vents.
Check SF6 pressure, (if the circuit breaker is supplied
`J J
J
with a permanent pressure gauge).
It is advisable to perform at least 2 CO duty cycles per
year, when apparatus are scarcely used, in order
`
to check that circuit--breaker and associated control
circuits are working properly.
Check SF6 densimeter thresholds. Then adjust pres` J J J
sure to its rated value.
Measure operating times of poles and auxiliary con` J J J
tacts, at rated voltage and pressure.
Measure resistance of main contacts.
` J J J

J J

J J

J J
J J

J
J

J J J J
J

Check tightening of parts not subjected to pressure


(frame -- deck -- cubicle).
Check tightening of low voltage terminals ( 6 months
after commissioning).
Check relay operation.
Check latch operation.
Carry out operations at recommended duties and
rated voltage.
Change doors seals, side panels seal and roofs seals.

Legend : (J Compulsory) (`

Recommended)
Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
6/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Maintenance operations of circuit-- breaker, continued


(20000 guaranteed mechanical cycles)
Guide, continued

The table below is a guide of the operations to be carried out at each maintenance stage :
MAINTENANCE VISITS (1 or 2 times a year)
INSPECTION (every 5 years)
OVERHAUL (OPERATING TIME : 20 years)
OVERHAUL (ELECTRICAL WEAR : see Electrical wear limits,
module S51--051)
OVERHAUL (MECHANICAL OPERATIONS :
10 000 cycles)
REVISION for the ventilation (FKG1XP--XV--XW)
(SERVICE LIFE: 25,000 hours/fan)
Change (or recondition) interrupting chambers.
J
Change tightness seals of enclosure cover.
J
J

` J

`` J

` J

` J

J J J J
J
J
J
`` J

Check the condition of capacitors (if applicable).


Check the condition of current transformers (if applicable).
Check the condition of potential transformers (if applicable).
Check the condition of lightning arresters (if applicable).
Check the tightness of C.B. envelope (if busbar is
under pressure).
Change tightness seals of enclosure cover (if applicable).
Change the FK3--12 command.

Change the CB connector rod assy.


Check the condition of the motor--driven fans (if appliJ
cable).
Change bearing of axial flow fans and centrifugal
J
fans.

Legend : (J Compulsory) (`

02--2011

Recommended)

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
7/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Maintenance operations of disconnector, earthing switch, and (or) starting disconnector (where applicable)
(10000 guaranteed mechanical cycles)
Guide

The table below is a guide of the operations to be carried out at each maintenance stage :
MAINTENANCE VISITS (1 or 2 times a year)
INSPECTION (every 5 years)
OVERHAUL (OPERATING TIME : 20 years)
INTERVENTION ON AN EARTHING SWITCH
(following a guaranteed maximum short--circuit)
Check general condition of equipment : visual aspect (corro`J J
sion, paint,...).
Check the condition of crank lever assembly (axles, retaining,
`J J
clips,...).
Check control mechanism (CMK).
`J J
Check tightening of elements (frame,cubicle,...).
J J
Inspect the insulating supports of poles.
J J
Inspect contacts.
` J
Measure pole operating times.
` J

` J

Measure resistance of main contact.


J Replace the earthing switch

Legend : (J Compulsory) (`

02--2011

Recommended)

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
8/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Isolating the apparatus


Caution

DURING MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ALL POSSIBLE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN TO PROTECT PERSONNEL WORKING
ON THE EQUIPMENT.

Reminder

The inspection and overhaul operations described in this section should always be performed with the apparatus isolated, in other words :
D main circuit de-energized,
D earthed at extremities rendering it both mechanically,
D electrically inoperative.

Caution

IF THESE SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS OR THOSE IN FORCE ON THE SITE


WHERE EQUIPMENT IS BEING INSTALLED ARE IGNORED, THE PERSONNEL MAY BE ENDANGERED.

Operations

D perform, locally, an opening operation of the circuit-breaker,


D perform, locally, an opening operation of the disconnector,
D Check the open position of the starting disconnector (where applicable),
and that the cable(s) connected to its terminals is de-energized and earthed.
D close the earthing switch(es) (where applicable),
D de-energize the monitoring controls electric circuits,
D earth live parts using the earthing rods, to discharge the capacitor, touch
the main area with an earthing.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
9/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Detail of circuit-- breaker maintenance operations


Removing the cover
(if applicable)

During certain operations, removal of the cover is indispensable.


The covers should be placed with enclosures, separately and on a flat surface.

Caution

GAS-PRESSURIZED ELEMENTS ARE EXPOSED TO AIR WHEN THE


COVER IS REMOVED.

General condition
of the apparatus

The apparatus should be subjected to visual inspection. If patches of corrosion are found begin reconditioning of the affected parts.
The table below gives the process respecting surface finish and protection :
Support

Inspection

Galvanized
steel

Oxidized parts

Light scratches
Painted
galvanized
steel
or
painted
aluminium
alloy

Deep scratches
or flaking

Action
D Thorough brushing of oxidized
parts.
D Degreasing with solvent.
D Application of a coat of zinc
paint.
D Thorough degreasing with solvent.
D Application of a coat of lacquer
using a brush.
D Scouring of paint surface with
emery paper 400.
D Thorough degreasing with solvent.
D Application of a coat of primer,
then drying for 24 h.
D Application of a coat of polyurethane lacquer using a brush.

Products used :
D RUMCOAT EEVA primer by DERIVERY ref. 333103.
D Polyurethane lacquer 780 by DERIVERY, ref. depending on color of equipment.

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
10/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Detail of circuit-- breaker maintenance operations, continued


Operation counter

Read indications given by the counter(s) and note these on the inspection
sheet Maintenance visits.
The number of circuit--breaker operations recorded influences future maintenance operations.

SF6 pressure gas

For a circuit--breaker equipped with a dial--type SF6 gas densimeter, check


the position of the needle.
See the module SF6 gas monitoring.

DILO

STAUBLI

NOTE : If observation confirm topping up information, proceed as


module Filling with SF6 gas, or in the case of abnormally low pressure, find the origin of the leak and contact ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer.

Operating device

Air--vents should be clean, free of dust and unobstructed. If necessary clean


using a solvent.
Make sure that the permanent resistors are working properly by checking that
these give off heat and that there are no overheating marks (a zone notorious
for this).
For thermally controlled resistors, check that energizing and de--energizing
takes place correctly at voltage supply terminals by means of a thermostat
(recommended thermostat temperature : +5C).
If necessary, change resistors found to be defective.

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
11/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Detail of circuit-- breaker maintenance operations, continued


Condition of crontrol
rod system

Check presence and condition of retaining clips and spacer washers on the
axles of the control rod/crank assembly.
During all dismantling of the control rod assembly, replace the retaining clips
removed by new ones of the same type. For correct orientation of clips see
section entitled : ERECTION.

Electrical densimeter
thresholds

Check the electrical contact SF6 densimeter thresholds.


If the values found are outside required tolerances replace the densimeter.

Operating times of
poles and auxiliary
contacts

Measure the operating times of poles and auxiliary contacts, following procedure in section entitled : PRE-COMMISSIONING INSPECTIONS.
If the values found are outside those given in the document Acceptation Criteria contact ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer Service.

Measurement of contact resistance

see section MESUARING MAIN CIRCUIT RESISTANCE


This operation must be performed for the first time at factory, the values found
are taken as a reference to judge how the apparatus evolves with time.
CAUTION : BEFORE ANY MEASUREMENTS ARE TAKEN IT IS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY THAT THE APPARATUS BE ELECTRICALLY AND
MECHANICALLY INOPERATIVE.

Tightening of
mountings

Check and adjust, with a torque wrench, the tightening torques of screws on
sub--assemblies not subjected to gas pressure. The tightening torques are
given in paragraph Tightening torques.

Tightening
LV terminals

With the electric cubicle out of service, check that the connectors and tips of
conductors are tightened correctly and check the torque of connection mountings.
Tool used : 4 mm diameter screw driver , for terminals of the Entrelec type
(for example).
CAUTION : SCREWS ON TERMINALS MUST NOT BE OVER--TIGHTENED.

Relay operation

Check relay operation by executing the following circuit--breaker sequences :


D closing lock--out,
D automatic opening,
D anti--pumping.
Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
12/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Detail of circuit-- breaker maintenance operations, continued


Insulating envelopes

Check the condition of insulating envelopes, these should be free from impact
marks, splintering, cracks, dust deposits, pollution etc...
If necessary, clean these using a dry rag.
If anomalies are found contact :
ALSTOM Grid SA, Customer Service in order to change the defective parts.

Interrupting
chambers

Check the condition of interrupting chambers. This operation necessitates


complete dismantling of the interrupting chamber to gain access to the elements to be inspected and should obligatorily be performed by ALSTOM Grid
SA, Customer Service -- to be contacted before all operations of this kind,
preferably at the maintenance planning stage.
Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
13/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Detail of circuit-- breaker maintenance operations, continued


CAUTION : INSPECTION CAN COMMENCE ONLY AFTER THE CAPACITOR HAS BEEN DISCHARGED AND EARTHED IN A DURABLE WAY.
IF THESE SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ARE IGNORED, THE PERSONNEL
MAY BE ENDANGERED.

Capacitors
(if applicable)

Check condition of capacitors as follows :


D clean capacitor insulating surfaces using a dry cloth,
D check tightening torque of capacitor mountings on the flange of the enclosure, if need be, change sealing washers,
D make sure that there are no traces of oil or moisture on the capacitors,
D check the braid connection between the capacitor and the circuit-breaker
casing.

Current transformers
(if applicable)

Check condition of transformers as follows :


D clean transformer insulating surfaces using a dry cloth,
D check electrical connections on CT terminal blocks and cubicle,
D check attachment of CT to the enclosure, tightening to supporting stud
torque.
D inspect, where applicable, the CTs braid connection to the main conductor,
for CT with an electrostatic shield.

Potential
transformers
(where applicable)

Check condition of potential transformers as follows :


D clean potential transformer insulating surfaces using a dry cloth,
D check electrical connections on PT terminal blocks and cubicle,
D check attachment of potential transformer, tightening torque,
D inspect, the attachments of the braid connection of potential transformer.

Lightning arrester
(where applicable)

Check condition of lighting arrester as follows :


D clean lightning arrester insulating surfaces using a dry cloth,
D check attachments of lightning arrester to the pole, tightening torque.

Tightness of
enclosure
(if applicable)

If the enclosure is under pressure, check the tightness of cover seals by applying a soap solution around the entire periphery of the cover.
Also check tightness of all the enclosure viewports.

Replacement of enclosure cover seals


(if applicable)

Refer affected section REPLACEMENT OF ENCLOSURE COVER


SEALS.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
14/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Detail of circuit-- breaker maintenance operations, continued


Changing the FK3--12 When carrying out the 10,000 cycle servicing the circuit breakers FK3--12
operating mechanism should be changed. This operation must be carried out
by ALSTOM Grid S.A., Customer Services, who should be contacted prior
to all interventions of this type during the planning phase.

Changing
the connector
Rod assembly

When carrying out the 10,000 cycle servicing the circuit breakers connector
rod assembly should also be changed.
This operation must be carried out by ALSTOM Grid S.A., Customer Services, who should be contacted prior to all interventions of this type during
the planning phase.

Replacement of bearing motor--driven


fans
(if applicable)

In case of anomaly in the state of the bearing of the motor--driven fans, contact:
ALSTOM Grid S.A., Customer Service, in order to envisage changing the
deteriorated parts.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
15/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Detail of maintenance operations of disconnector, earthing switch and (or)


starting disconnector (where applicable)
General condition of
equipment

To be dealt with during the foreseen circuit--breaker interventions.

Condition of control
rod system

Inspection of the control rod system will be performed at the same time as the
foreseen circuit--breaker interventions.

Mechanical control
mechaism

Check condition of the mechanical control mechanism -- tightness of seals,


moving parts, protection of the various elements...

Tightening of
mountings

To be dealt with during the foreseen circuit--breaker interventions.

Relay operation

To be dealt with during the foreseen circuit--breaker interventions.

Pole insulating
supports

Check the condition of insulating supports ; these should be free from impact
marks, splintering, cracks, dust deposits, pollution etc...
Clean with a dry rag.
If anomalies are found on pole insulating supports, contact ALSTOM Grid
S.A. Customer Service.

Pole contacts

These contacts are inspected with the cover removed, the disconnector de-energized and earthed ; this state is equally valid for the previous inspections.
Measure contact resistance between the disconnectors input and output terminals to appreciate how the condition of these contacts has evolved.
Inspect silver-plating of contact fingers and tube no patches of copper should
be visible. If this is not the case, contact ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer Service.

Operating times

Measure operating times of poles and auxiliary contacts as explained in section entitled : PRE-COMMISSIONING INSPECTIONS AND TESTS.
If the values found are outside those given in the document Acceptation Criteria, contact ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer Service.

Measurement of contact resistance

To be dealt with during the foreseen circuit--breaker interventions.

Replacing the earthing switch

In case of an anomaly following a guaranteed maximum overcurrent, contact:


ALSTOM Grid S.A., Customer Service, in order to envisage changing the
deteriorated parts.
Overhauling necessitates de--energizing the equipment.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
16/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Replacing the mechanical interruptor switch controls


Checking the direction of rotation

Note the supply voltage of motors on the operating mechanism terminals.


Conditions valid for mechanisms fitted to the earthing switch(es).
D Direction of operating mechanism rotation
-- Check that all keys required for unlocking are present.
-- Using the crank, place the operating mechanism in intermediary position
between fully open and fully closed.
-- Give an opening order locally by a brief impulse on the opening push-button situated in the control cubicle and interrupt IMMEDIATELY power
supplies to the motor and monitoring control.

Caution

THE INTERRUPTION OF ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLIES MUST BE IMMEDIATE. IF THE APPARATUS OPERATES IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION TO THE ORDER GIVEN : RISK OF SERIOUS DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT AND DANGER FOR PERSONNEL WORKING ON IT.
-- Check that the operating direction corresponds with the order given.
-- If the disconnector operates in the opposite direction to the order given, exchange two of the motor supply wires at arrival in the control cubicle.
D Operating
Check that the disconnector is operating correctly by performing a series of
5 opening--closing sequences by means of the local electric operating mechanism.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
17/18
GRID

Maintenance

Maintenance plan

Equipment end life cycle


Recycling

02--2011

Do not evacuate the SF6 gas in the atmosphere.It contributes to the greenhouse effect.
Please contact ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer Service; our services department who will make an offer proposal for equipment recycling.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--001EN07
18/18
GRID

Maintenance

Electrical wear limits

Electrical wear limits


Estimation

Electrical wear can be determined by means of the curve below. This curve corresponds with the formula :
0<I<10 kA
I1.2 <12000 kA1.2 (*)
(*) Normal guarantee. In certain special operation conditions, other values may be
guaranteed.

Diagram

Electrical endurance load current


100 000

Number of interruptions

10 000

1 000

100

10

1
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

kA

Current tables

Admissible short circuit currents:


Current (kA)
160
140
120
100
80
63

02--2011

Number of interruptions
2
2
3
4
6
10

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--051EN03
1/2
GRID

160

Maintenance

Electrical wear limits

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--051EN03
2/2
GRID

Installation

Electrical contact densimeter threshold inspection

Presentation
Introduction

To realize the electrical contact densimeter threshold inspection, it is


imperative to isolate the densimeter volume from the pole SF6 gas volume.

Warning

Hazard of asphyxiation
Whenever entering confined spaces there is a danger of death or serious
injury by asphyxiation.
D Make sure the confined spaces are properly ventilated before personnel
enter.
D Make sure a person outside of the confined space supervises the work.
D Obey the look--out/tag--out and permit to work procedures.
D Make sure escape routes are available and not blocked.

Inspection steps

The electrical contact densimeter inspection must be done in several steps :


Step
A
B
C

02--2011

Topic
Isolating the densimeter
Densimeter inspection
Placing the densimeter in communication with the SF6
volume

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4

G51--101EN03
1/4
GRID

Installation

Electrical contact densimeter threshold inspection

Isolating the densimeter


Process

To isolate the densimeter only unscrew the nuts (1) on the 3 poles, which
close the valves DILO and densimeter isolation (2).

POLE 1
POLE 2

GAS

GAS

POLE 3

NOT
UNSCREW

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--101EN03
2/4
GRID

Installation

Electrical contact densimeter threshold inspection

Densimeter inspection
Pressure gauge
connection (tool)

The table below gives the steps of the pressure gauge connection (tool) :
Step
1
2
3
4

Action
Remove the plug (10).
Install the filling tool (14).
Undo the valve--cap (15).
Connect up the 0--1 MPa pressure inspection gauge (11) by means
of its tube (12).
11

12

14

15
10
Testing

The table below gives the steps of densimeter testing :


Step
1

02--2011

Action
Comment/Diagram
Connect a test lamp to the Alarm Connection to the terminal
pressure for the insulation pae block of the operating mechadensimeter threshold.
nism in accordance with the
electrical diagram.
Calculate the effective pressure at Value pae see technical charwhich the Alarm pressure for the acteristics.
insulation pae contact switches
over -- corrected in keeping with
temperature and local atmospheric pressure.
D Create a leak by pressing on the
11
pressure inspection gauge valve
(13), making sure that the contact
switches over at the previously
13
calculated value.
D Proceed in the same way to If one of the thresholds does
check the contact of Minimal not comply with the specified
pressure for the insulation pme. value, replace the densimeter.
When the test is finished, disconnect the tube of the pressure inspection gauge. Put the valve--cap 10
(15) back and remove the filling
14
tool (14).
Reinstall the plug (10), applying a
tightening torque of 4 daN.m, leak
tightness is only guaranteed if
this condition is respected.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

15

G51--101EN03
3/4
GRID

Installation

Electrical contact densimeter threshold inspection

Placing the densimeter in communication with the SF6 volume


Process

To put in communication the densimeter tighten torque the nuts only (1) on
3 poles, which allow to open the valves DILO and put into communication
of the densimeter (2).

POLE 1
POLE 2

GAS

GAS

POLE 3

11 daNm

NOT
UNSCREW

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--101EN03
4/4
GRID

Maintenance

Replacing the electrical contact densimeter

Presentation
Introduction

After inspection of the electrical contact densimeter threshold, if one of the


thresholds does not comply with the specified value, replace the densimeter.

State of densimeter

The densimeter has been checking and its volume is isolated from the pole
SF6 gas volume.

In this module

The replacing of the electrical contact densimeter must be done in several


steps :
Step
A
B
C

02--2011

Topic
Removing the densimeter
Installing the new densimeter
Placing the densimeter in communication with the SF6
volume

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4

G51--161EN02
1/4
GRID

Maintenance

Replacing the electrical contact densimeter

Removing the densimeter


Process

The table below gives the steps of removing the densimeter :

Important
information

The densimeter has been checking and its volume is isolated from the
pole SF6 gas volume. (see module ...51--101)
Action
D Disconnect the cable (22) of
the densimeter (2).

Diagram
GAS

Step
1

2
22

D Press on the valve of the filling tool (14), venting to atmospherethevolumeofthedensimeter.


14

Once venting to atmosphere is


finished :
D Replace the valve--cap (15) 10
on the filling tool (14).
D Remove the filling tool (14). 14

Reinstall the plug (10), applying a tightening torque of


4 daN.m, leak tightness is
only guaranteed if this condition is respected.

15

D Unscrew and Remove the


densimeter (1) of the SF6
checking block (2).
D Remove and destroy seal
(23).

23

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--161EN02
2/4
GRID

Maintenance

Replacing the electrical contact densimeter

Installing the new densimeter


Process

The table below gives the steps of installing the densimeter :


Step
6

Action
Assembly principle and densimeter direction :
D Prepare the new densimeter
(1) with new seal (23).
D Thighten the screw (3) on
the block (2) with a gap of 2
mm,
D Maintain the screw (3) in
position (gap 2 mm) and
screw the densimeter (1) and
unscrew it in order to install it
on requested position.
D Tighten the screw (3) tightening torque 8 daNm in order
to fix the densimeter.

Diagram
2mm

23

D Connect the cable (22) of the


densimeter (2).

2
22

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--161EN02
3/4
GRID

Maintenance

Replacing the electrical contact densimeter

Placing the densimeter in communication with the SF6 volume


Process

To put in communication the densimeter tighten torque the nuts only (1) on
3 poles, which allow to open the valves DILO and put into communication
of the densimeter (2).

POLE 1
POLE 2

GAS

GAS

POLE 3

11 daNm

NOT
UNSCREW

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--161EN02
4/4
GRID

Maintenance

Replacement of enclosure cover seals

Presentation
Introduction

During the erection of the circuit--breaker, some particular mounting or checking operations will be realized.

Parts concerned

Cover seals of enclosures FKG1 -- SKG1 -- IKG1 circuit--breaker and disconnector.

11--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--202EN06
1/6
GRID

Maintenance

Replacement of enclosure cover seals

Preparing and installing static seals


Necessary products

List of the ALSTOM products necessary :


ALSTOM
reference

11--2011

Diagram

Designation

--01861262

Can of ISOPROPANOL (1l)

--01831320

ABRASIVE PAPER A 400

--02212334

RAG

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--202EN06
2/6
GRID

Maintenance

Replacement of enclosure cover seals

Preparing and installing static seals


Process for
FKG1N / 1F / 1X
and SKG1 / IKG1

The table below gives the steps of replacing cover seals :

Step
1

2
3

Action
Remove the damaged
seals.

Comment

Sand if necessary to remove all remaining glue.


De--grease using isopropyl Using a clean rag
alcohol until all traces of the
adhesive
have
been
removed.
Bring the ends of the new
seal together, applying a
bevelled cut on both, and
place it.

45o
5

Assemble the half--covers,


applying
recommended
torques on screws.
Refer to the procedure
Connection with preparation of contact surfaces,
see summary for reference
(...31-50.).

3.2 daNm

x28

SKG1
/ IKG1

Vaseline

x38

HM10--35

FKG1N

FKG1F

1X

x48 x40

11--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--202EN06
3/6
GRID

Maintenance

Replacement of enclosure cover seals

Preparing and installing static seals


Process for
FKG1F / 1X

The table below gives the steps of replacing cover seals :


Step
6

Action
Fit the seals by folding over
the extremities into the slots
in the cover

Remove the protection gaskets


Refer to the procedure
Connection with preparation of contact surfaces,
see summary for reference
(...31-50.).

Comment
seal

1.6 daNm

HM8--30
1F

Vaseline

11--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

/ 1X

x6 x6
x8 x10
x18 x16

G51--202EN06
4/6
GRID

Maintenance

Replacement of enclosure cover seals

Preparing and installing static seals


Process for
FKG1XP / XV / XW

The table below gives the steps of replacing cover seals :


Step
1

2
3

Action
Remove the damaged
seals.

Comment

Sand if necessary to remove all remaining glue.


De--grease using isopropyl Using a clean rag
alcohol until all traces of the
adhesive
have
been
removed.
Bring the ends of the new
seal together, applying a
bevelled cut on both, and
place it.

45o
5

11--2011

Assemble the half--covers,


applying
recommended
torques on screws.
Refer to the procedure
Connection with preparation of contact surfaces,
see summary for reference
(...31-50.).

3.2 daNm
HM10--35
Vaseline
1XP / 1XV / 1XW

.A = x 44 / x36 / x32

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--202EN06
5/6
GRID

Maintenance

Replacement of enclosure cover seals

Preparing and installing static seals


Process for
FKG1XP / XV / XW

The table below gives the steps of replacing cover seals :


Step
6

Action
Fit the seals by folding over
the extremities into the slots
in the cover

Remove the protection gaskets


Refer to the procedure
Connection with preparation of contact surfaces,
see summary for reference
(...31-50.).

Comment
seal

1.6 daNm

Vaseline
HM8--30
1XP / 1XV / 1XW
.B1 = x6 / x6 / x6
.B2 = x8 / x8 / x8
.B3 = x4 / x4 / x4

.B1
.B2

.A

.A
.B1

11--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

.B3

G51--202EN06
6/6
GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

Presentation
Introduction

Illustration

The GCB is comprinsing one or two supports of GCB equipments according


to the user need.
DS.side, equipped support and (or) disconnector side with:
1 capacitor
1 surge arrestor
GCB side and (or) disconnector with :
1 or 2 VTs with or without fuse,
1 or 2 CT.

(800nf)
(400nf)

(50--100--200nf)

In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Isolating the apparatus.
To remove the supports equipped.
To remove the equipments (VTs, CT, capacitors, surge arrestor).
Equipped supports assembly.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
5
9

G51--500EN01
1/10
GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

Isolating of apparatus
Caution

DURING MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ALL POSSIBLE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN TO PROTECT PERSONNEL WORKING
ON THE EQUIPMENT.

Reminder

The inspection and overhaul operations described in this section should always be performed with the apparatus isolated, in other words :
D main circuit de-energized,
circuit--breaker open
disconnector open
D starting disconnector open
D grounding of each extremity
E.S in closed position (1 or 2).
D mechanically and electrically out of service.

Caution

IF THESE SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS OR THOSE IN FORCE ON THE SITE


WHERE EQUIPMENT IS BEING INSTALLED ARE IGNORED, THE PERSONNEL MAY BE ENDANGERED.

02--2011

G51--500EN01
2/10

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

Remove of the equipped supports, continued


Remove
the roof covers

SEE MODULE FOR INTERVENTION DISASSEMBLY OF THE ENCLOSURE COVERS.

Capacitors
disconnecting

Disconnect the braides from the capacitors (bolts A1) :


(Applicable according to the user configuration)
.A
.A1

.A1

.A1
CHC M10--35

x1

Surge arestors
disconnecting

Disconnect the braides from the surge arrestors (bolts B1) :


(Applicable according to the user configuration)
.B
.B1

.B1

.B1
CHC M8--20

x1
Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--500EN01
3/10
GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

Remove of the equipped supports, continued


Equipped supports
removal

To mark the position and remove the equipped supports (bolts C1) :
(Applicable according to the user configuration)
.C

.C1
CHC M10--35

x4

.C1

.C1

.C1

.C1

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--500EN01
4/10
GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

Removal capacitors and surge arrestors,


Remove
the equipments

Mark the location and remove the capacitors if necessary (bolts C2--C3).
Mark the location and remove the surge arrestors if necessary (bolts D1).
.C

.C2

.C2

.C3

.C2

.C3

HM10--30

HM12--35

x4

x4

.D

.D1

.D1

x4
HM10--25

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--500EN01
5/10
GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

Remove of the VTs,


VTs disconnecting

To mark and disconnect the electrical supply of the VT terminal (E).


Disconnect the VTs braides :
(according to the user configuration)
D without fuse disconnect the braides from the case (E1).
D with fuse disconnect the braide from the fuse (E2).

.E

.E1

H1

H M10--16

x1
.E2

M6--12

x5

Secondary
terminals

H2

Primary
terminal
HM8--12

x1

x1
H M10--16

.E1

.E2

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--500EN01
6/10
GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

Remove of the VTs equipped ,


Remove
the equipments

remove the fuse if necessary (bolts F1).


Mark the location and remove the VTs if necessary (bolts G1).
.F

.G

.F1

1
2

.G1

.G1

H M8--20

.F1

x4

1
CHC M4--10

x4
.F1

.F

.G

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--500EN01
7/10
GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

Remove of the current transformer,


Process

To mark and disconnect the electrical supply of the CT terminal (H1)


Remove (bolts H2) the connecting braids side CB if necessary (see
VS...GAD01D).
Mark the location and remove the CT if necessary (bolts H3).

.H3

.H

H M16--35

x4
.H3

.H2

.H1

.H2
SCREWS
SUPPLY FOLLOWING CUSTOMER
COMMAND(ORDER)

Continued on next page.


02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--500EN01
8/10
GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

Equipments removal
Procedure

Reinstall the TC, VTs, capacitors and surge arrestors on the supports
respecting the location marks during the disassembly, using the bolts (A--B--C--E--F) to refer disassemble procedure and proceed as follows :
D Reinstall the supports equipped on the top of GCB enclosure.
D Prepare the electrical contact surfaces (see module Connection with electrical surfaces preparation).
D Reinstall the grounding braid of the VT to the enclosure
D Reconnect the terminals and check the elementary diagram
(VS......EDD01D).
D Tightening torque application (see module Tightening torques).
ATTENTION : Respect the specific tightening torque on the VTs as hereafter .J :
-- Primary (braide) HM10--20 = 1.5 daNm
-- Primary (braide grounding to the GCB enclosure)
HM8--12 = 0.8 daNm
-- Secondary M6--12 = 0.3 daNm.
NOTE : The lenght of the braides shall be respected as initial location
.J

HM10--20

H1

1.5daNm
0.3daNm

M6--12

x5

Secondary
terminals
H2
HM8--12

x1

0.8 daNm

Primary
terminal

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--500EN01
9/10
GRID

Maintenance

Disassembly and assembly of the GCB equipments

This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G51--500EN01
10/10
GRID

Maintenance

Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting
Failures table

The table here below gives the exemples of presumed failures including the
remedical measures :
EXAMPLE OF TROUBLE 1 : Operating mechanism does not perform
opening or closing operation
Cause of the presumed failure

Remedical measures

D Tripping voltage lacking ?


D Coil defective ?
D Auxiliairy contacts do not transmit
the order ?
D ...

D Secure the supply voltage


D Replace the coil
D Proceed to adjust the auxiliary
contacts
D Position checking of spring condition
D ...

EXAMPLE OF TROUBLE 2 : Spring operating mechanism does not


charge automatically
Cause of the presumed failure
D
D
D
D
D

M.c.b. tripped ?
Supply voltage lacking ?
Motor defective ?
Relay defective ?
...

Remedical measures
D
D
D
D
D

Switch the m.c.b. on


Secure the supply voltage
Replace the motor
Replace the relay
...

EXAMPLE OF TROUBLE 3 : Incorrect contact in the operating mechanism due to the corrosion
Cause of the presumed failure
D
D
D
D

Heating m.c.b. tripped ?


Heating voltage lacking ?
Heating resistor defective ?
Mechanism housing not tight

D ...

Remedical measures
D Switch the m.c.b. on
D Secure the heating voltage
D Replace the heating plate
D Check the housing seals, if necessary replace them.
D ...
Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G52--001EN03
1/2
GRID

Maintenance

Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting, continued
Failures table

The table here below gives the presumed failures including the remedical
measures.
EXAMPLE OF TROUBLE 4 : SF6 gas loss
Cause of the presumed failure

Remedical measures

D SF6 loss up to 1st alarm

D Normal reinflate the SF6 gas after


roughly 4 to 5 years.
D SF6 manometer defective or the D Check the tightness with leak
detector and change if necessary the
SF6 pipe.
manometer or pipe.
D Contact : ALSTOM Grid S.A. CusD Continuity of the SF6 gas loss
tomer Service.
D ...
D ...

Warning

In case of not solved failures, contact : ALSTOM Grid S.A. Customer Service.

02--2011

G52--001EN03
2/2

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

GRID

Tooling

Tooling and accessories

Presentation
Introduction

Special tooling is necessary for :


commissioning,
maintenance of the circuit--breaker or disconnector.
Only the tools and accessories specified on ordering are delivered. Commercially available tools (e.g. : spanners, torque wrenches, spirit levels...) are not
supplied.

In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic

Page
2
4

Special tools
Accessories

03--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G60--001EN14
1/8
GRID

Tooling

Tooling and accessories

Special tools
Table of special
tools

The table below gives the ALSTOM special tools :


NUMBER

DESIGNATION

USE

D001875..
EMPTY
TRANSPORT CASE

Transport of SF6 gas


filling tools and control
tools.

FILLING TOOL

SF6 filling, topping--up.

N55000401

--02842117
N55161602

SF6 filling, topping--up.


Inspection of
PRESSURE GAUGE
densimeter
thresholds.

--02557208
N55161601
PRESSURE
REDUCER

SF6 filling, topping--up.

Continued on next page.

03--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G60--001EN14
2/8
GRID

Tooling

Tooling and accessories

Special tools, continued


Table of special tools, The table below gives the continuation of ALSTOM special tools :
continued
NUMBER
DESIGNATION
USE
OPTION

D00001901

LEAK DETECTOR

--02861501

TEST LAMP

Checking gas--tightness of SF6


filling plug. SF6
leak detection.
Inspection
of
densimeter
thresholds.
Inspection of interruption contact
wear.

ONLY
CRANK
(FK3--12)

HB0006053010

Spring reloading.
CRANK
+ TIP
(CMK)

Sheath 1N/F
lg=1100
V0007825002

LIFTING
GIRDER
FKG1N/1F
1X/XP/1XV/XW

Handling disassembled circuit--breaker.

Sheath
1X/XV/XW
lg=1400
V0007825003

03--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G60--001EN14
3/8
GRID

Tooling

Tooling and accessories

Special tools, continued


Table of special tools, The table below gives the continuation of ALSTOM special tools :
continued
NUMBER
DESIGNATION
USE
Distance
between
phases
1200 at 1500
V0008009006
1500 at 1800
V0008009007

LIFTING
GIRDER
FKG1N/F/X/XP/XV/XW

Handling
assembled
circuit--breaker.

Distance
between
phases
700 at 1100
HB0009931003

03--2012

LIFTING
GIRDER
FKG1N/F

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Handling
assembled
single circuit--breaker
with
enclosure.

G60--001EN14
4/8
GRID

Tooling

Tooling and accessories

Special tools, continued


Table of special tools, The table below gives the continuation of ALSTOM special tools :
continued
NUMBER
DESIGNATION
USE

Distance
between
phases
700 at 1100
HB0009806001

LIFTING
GIRDER
FKG1N/F

Handling
assembled
single circuit--breaker without
enclosure.

LIFTING
GIRDER
FKG1N/F

Handling
assembled
single circuit--breaker without
enclosure (separate elements)

Lifting of controls

Distance
between
phases
700 at 1100
HB0009806004

Lifting of
poles

HB0009931010

03--2012

Handling
LIFTING
assembled
GIRDER
single disconSKG1/IKG1
nector.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G60--001EN14
5/8
GRID

Tooling

Tooling and accessories

Accessories
Table of accessories

The table below gives the ALSTOM accessories :


NUMBER
--01861472

DESIGNATION

USE

42 kg
SF6 BOTTLE

SF6 filling topping--up.

SF6 BOTTLE

SF6 filling topping--up.

--01818336

LOCTITE 262
(50 ml)

Screw locking.

--01818327

LOCTITE 225
(250 ml)

Screw sealing.

--01835208
or
--01835205

MOBILPLEX47
GREASE
or
MOBILUX EP3
GREASE

Lubricating screws before


tightening
to
torques.

--01835106

VASELINE 204--9

Preparation of electrical contact surfaces.

--01861471

20 kg

Continued on next page.

03--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G60--001EN14
6/8
GRID

Tooling

Tooling and accessories

Accessories, continued
Table of accessories,
continued

The table below gives the continuation of ALSTOM accessories :


NUMBER

03--2012

DESIGNATION

USE

--01835118

CONTACTAL
GREASE

Preparation of electrical contact surfaces.

--01831320

ABRASIVE PAPER
A 400

Preparation of electrical contact surfaces.

--02212337

SCOTCH BRITE
A -- VF

Preparation of electrical contact surfaces.

--02212334

RAG

Preparation of electrical contact surfaces.

--02211842

ROUND BRUSH
No.4

Preparation of electrical contact surfaces.

--02211831

BRUSH No.16

Preparation of electrical contact surfaces.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G60--001EN14
7/8
GRID

Tooling

Tooling and accessories

This page is intentionally blank.

03--2012

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G60--001EN14
8/8
GRID

Tooling

Installing short-- circuit bars

Presentation
Introduction

Special tools necessary are used for the pre--commissioning of the generator.

Table of special
tools

The table below gives the ALSTOM special tools :


Diagram

HM12-- 75

HM12-- 70
M12
M12

02--2011

Designation

Number

Terminal

Short--circuit bar

Shim (FKG1N--F) (SKG1)

Terminal support
(FKG1X--XP--XV--XW)

Screw

24

Screw

32

Washer

88

Nut

32

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G61--001EN06
1/6
GRID

Tooling

Installing short-- circuit bars

Removing covers, (If applicable).

Removing covers

02--2011

Refer to the procedure Removing (Re--install) the covers of the circuit breaker, see summary for reference.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G61--001EN06
2/6
GRID

Tooling

Installing short-- circuit bars

Preparation of electrical contact surfaces


Process

Prepare the contact surfaces, (grey tint areas of the elements above).
Refer to the procedure Connection with preparation of contact surfaces, see
summary for reference (...31-50.),
and to the procedure Tightening torques, see summary for reference
(...31-001).

...31-50.
FKG--SKG N/F

...31-001
FKG X/XP/XV/XW

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G61--001EN06
3/6
GRID

Tooling

Installing short-- circuit bars

Installing the short--circuit bars


Install the terminals
Install the terminal with the shim on each pole (FKG1N--F) or (SKG1N--F)
FKG1N--F -- SKG1N--F using screws and tighten to the recommended torque.
Refer to the procedure Connection with preparation of contact surfaces, see
summary for reference.

.A

x3
HM12--75

.A
5 daNm

x24
50% vaseline
+ 50% contactal

x3
SKG1

...31-50.

FKG1

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G61--001EN06
4/6
GRID

Tooling

Installing short-- circuit bars

Installing the short--circuit bars


Install the terminals
(FKG1X--XP--XV--XW)

Install the terminal on the support (FKG1X/XP/XV/XW) on each pole using


screws and tighten to the recommended torque.
Refer to the procedure Connection with preparation of contact surfaces, see
summary for reference.

.A

x3

.A

HM12--75
5 daNm

x24

x3

50% vaseline
+ 50% contactal

...31-50.

Continued on next page.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G61--001EN06
5/6
GRID

Tooling

Installing short-- circuit bars

Installing the short--circuit bars, continued


Install
the connection bars
(FKG1N--F--X--XP--XV--XW) -- (SKG1N--F)

Install the two short--circuit bars between each pole using screws and tighten
to the recommended torque.
Refer to the procedure Connection with preparation of contact surfaces, see
summary for reference.

.A

x2

.A

x2

5 daNm

HM12--70

x32
50% vaseline
+ 50% contactal

...31-50.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G61--001EN06
6/6
GRID

End of equipment service life

Dismantling and recovery of components


from a circuit breaker
Presentation
In this module

This module contains the following subjects:


Subject
I -- Introduction
II -- General remarks
III -- Categories and treatment of the materials:
1 -- Treatment of the SF6 gas
2 -- Materials to be recycled
3 -- Waste products to be destroyed by incineration
4 -- Special wastes

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4--5

G80--000EN02
1/6
GRID

End of equipment service life

Dismantling and recovery of components


from a circuit breaker
I -- Introduction
During the elimination phase for a High Voltage gas insulated circuit
breaker, at the end of its service life, the quality of the treatment of wastes
generated represents the essential environmental aspect.
This manual proposes, for each element of a High Voltage gas insulated
circuit breaker, the recommended method of elimination for the various
materials it comprises, as well as any possible precautions to be taken.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--000EN02
2/6
GRID

End of equipment service life

Dismantling and recovery of components


from a circuit breaker
II -- General remarks
It is necessary to proceed with a maximum amount of dismantling, so as to
ensure the best recycling possible of the materials.
Various categories of materials can be distinguished depending on the
waste processing channel followed:
DS The SF6 gas to be recycled or reprocessed
DS The metals to be recycled (without taking into account any surface
treatment, paintwork or electro--silverplating)
DS Waste products to be destroyed by incineration or sent to the waste
dump depending on the channel available.
DS Special wastes

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--000EN02
3/6
GRID

End of equipment service life

Dismantling and recovery of components


from a circuit breaker
III -- Categories and treatment of the materials
1 -- Treatment of
SF6 gas

The SF6 gas will be recycled in accordance with the recommendations of


the IEC 60480 Standard.
However, when recovering the SF6 gas, it is important to respect the
following precautions:
-- Weigh the recipients used before and after filling, so as to ensure
traceability of the weights recovered
-- For each recipient, carry out a measurement of the purity of the SF6
gas and a search for the decomposition products (SO2, HF)
In case of absence of a local waste processing channel for the recycling of
SF6, we recommend a return to our site in Villeurbanne, where we
propose reprocessing via our European service providers.

2 -- Materials to be
recycled

Metals form the main constituent of a gas insulated substation.


The main types of metal making up a substation are:
-- Steel: steelwork structure, fasteners, electrical cubicle frames, etc.
-- Aluminium: moulded or mechanical welded enclosures, conductor bars,
electrodes, etc.
-- Bolted fasteners, threaded rods, rating and name plates
-- Bare copper: electrical contacts, etc.
-- Insulated copper: electrical cable
It is important to separate these different metals when dismantling the
substation at the end of its service life. In particular for small sub--assemblies made up of various materials.
In certain simple cases, it is sufficient to remove the fasteners ensuring the
assembly and, in other cases, specific instructions shall be given.
The aluminium and copper elements must, under no circumstances,
be mixed. Specific waste processing channels associated with these
materials do not allow for perfect separation during their processing.
In cases where it is impossible to separate them, the component
must be sent for incineration.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--000EN02
4/6
GRID

End of equipment service life

Dismantling and recovery of components


from a circuit breaker
III -- Categories and treatment of the materials (contd.)
3 -- Waste products to This type of waste includes the rest of the materials used in the
be destroyed by
composition of a gas insulated substation, other than for a few very
incineration
specific cases.
These waste products mainly include:
-- Parts in epoxy resin: insulating cone in the case of circuit breakers with
insertion resistance
-- Plastic parts loaded with glass fibre (insulating tubes, etc.)
-- Seals and gaskets, rubber bands, roller bearings
-- Insulators (support or interrupting chamber) composites etc.
Where possible, we recommend that this type of waste be sent via
incineration channels with waste heat recovery.

4 -- Special wastes

Certain elements, due to their function or the material constituting them,


cannot be sent via a recycling or incineration channel.
They include the following components:
-- Insulating parts from the interrupting chamber
-- Absorbent molecular sieves
-- The active elements in electrical cubicles
-- Ceramic insulators (support or interrupting chamber) or those still called
porcelain, etc.
These waste products will follow specific channels and/or undergo certain
types of processing.
Precise instructions will be supplied for these types of components.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--000EN02
5/6
GRID

End of equipment service life

Dismantling and recovery of components


from a circuit breaker
This page is intentionally blank.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--000EN02
6/6
GRID

Equipment end of life

Management of SF6 gas

SF6 gas : Environmental impacts


Introduction

The SF6 gas contributes to the greenhouse effect:


The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomena, which by capturing a part of
the infra--red rays reflected from ground to space, enables the Earth to have
an average temperature of 15C.
The most abundant gases, which participate in the creation of this greenhouse effect are Water Vapour, Carbon Dioxide, Methane. However, since the
beginning of the industrial era, Man has released gases into the atmosphere,
which artificially increase the greenhouse effect.
Even if Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6) is only present in the environment in low
levels, it creates a greenhouse gas, which has the capacity to absorb the
infra--red rays emitted by the Earth, which is 22,200 times higher than that of
Carbon Dioxide.
N.B. : 1 kg of SF6 gas emissions are, thus, the equivalent of
22,200 kg of Carbon Dioxide, which corresponds to the greenhouse effect gas waste released by a gasoline vehicle covering
120,000 km.
SF6 gas is used in High--and Medium--Voltage switchgear for its breaking and
insulation capacities.
The SF6 emissions can be generated in the equipment manufacturing, operating, maintenance and decommissioning processes. The losses are, either,
accidental (equipment breakage),or structural (equipments leaktightness).
Under no circumstances, SF6 gas should be released to the environment:
N.B. : In accordance with the International Kyoto Agreements,
European Regulations on fluorinated gases and IEC 62271--303
applicable standards (e.g.. IEC 61634, SF6 gas handling operations (filling, recovery) must be carried out by trained and qualified personnel, using tools and procedures enabling gas releases
to be limited.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--001EN02
1/6
GRID

Equipment end of life

Management of SF6 gas

SF6 gas safety rules


New SF6

D Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6) is a colourless, odourless and non--toxic gas.


D However, it is a gas, which does not maintain life.
This gas is heavier than air and the lower parts such as trenches or cable
troughs can contain a strong concentration of this gas, which could lead to
asphyxia.
N.B. : The maximum permissible concentration on a workstation,
assuming that people stay there 8 hours a day, 5 days a week,
is 1000 ppm (i.e. 0.1%) of the volume. This very low level is a
standard value for all non--toxic gases, which are not usually
present in the atmosphere.

Every recipient containing new SF6 gas should be labelled as indicated


below:

Clean SULPHUR
HEXALUORIDE
SF
6
S 7/9 Keep container tightly closed in a well-ventilated place.
S 20/21 When using, do not eat, drink or
smoke.
S 45 In the event of an accident, contact a
doctor immediately (if possible show the doctor
this label).
S61 -- Avoid release to the environment. Refer
to special Instructions / Safety Data Sheet.
S 63 If inhaled, move the victim out of the
contaminated area and keep them still.
S51 -- Use only in well ventilated areas.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--001EN02
2/6
GRID

Equipment end of life

Management of SF6 gas

SF6 gas safety rules (contd.)


Used SF6

D Under the influence of electrical arcing, SF6 gas can be broken down into
sub--products, which are more or less toxic and/or corrosive.
D Depending on their nature, these products can be irritant for the mucous
membranes, the respiratory tracts and the skin.
The SF6 decomposition products are brought to light, even when present in
very low levels, by a strong pungent and sulphur odour.
Every recipient containing used SF6 gas should be labelled:
Used SF6 gas will be stored in a pressurised, leak--tight container, which must
be resistant to decomposition products (valves, connectors and piping included) and will be regularly inspected in accordance with the standards in force.
The maximum quantity of polluted gas stored on site will be defined in accordance with the rules in force.

LiquidGAS,

C - CORROSIVE

toxic,
corrosive,
n.s.a.
T+ - VERY TOXIC

(Contains used Sulphur Hexafluoride SF6)


R 26/27/28 VERY TOXIC BY INHALATION, IN
CONTACT WITH SKIN AND IF SWALLOWED.
S 7/9 Keep container tightly closed in a well-- ventilated
place.
S 20/21 When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 38 In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.
S 45 In the event of an accident, contact a doctor immediately (if possible show the doctor this label).
S61 -- Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special
Instructions / Safety Data Sheet.
S 63 If inhaled, move the victim out of the contaminated
area and keep them still.
S 51 -- Use only in well ventilated areas.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--001EN02
3/6
GRID

Equipment end of life

Management of SF6 gas

SF6 gas safety rules (contd.)


Used SF6

For all interventions, it is necessary to respect the following instructions:


In every zone where the SF6 is implemented
D It is forbidden to smoke, eat, drink or store food.
D Ventilation must be sufficient.
D It is forbidden to use a fuel engine.
D Individual protection must be worn, following the table below.

Individual
protection

SF6 Technical
grade.

Conforming
SF6 including
low
Pure SF6 and levels
of
used
gas toxic
prowithout
toxic ducts .
products.

Non--conforming
SF6
including toxic products.
SF6 (post--arcing).
Studies of the compartment containing polluted
SF6.

Wearing of
Gloves
Wearing of Eye
Protection
Wearing of a
Simple Face
Mask
Wearing of a
Cartridge Filter
Face Mask
Wearing of a
Combination
N.B. : For the elimination, the individual protection is managed in HIW

D Furthermore, the personnel intervening on the equipment, must respect at


minimum the following instructions : after draining gas,
-- Remove the SF6 decomposition products immediately after the opening
of the equipment in order to avoid a chemical re--combination with water.
-- Ventilation must be sufficient.
-- Use an appropriate vacuum cleaner equipped with a dust filter and wipe
with a clean, dry cloth.
-- Avoid shaking the cloth
-- Block the SF6 decomposition products (i.e. molecular sieve, cloth soiled
with a 3% sodium hydroxide solution during 24 h) and destroy as dangerous
waste.
D Avoid contact with soiled parts or dust (Individual Protection)
Soiled individual protection, soiled dusters, soiled molecular sieve, polluted
gas, must be destroyed as dangerous industrial waste. Polluted gas will be
incinerated or recycled depending on its level of pollution.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--001EN02
4/6
GRID

Equipment end of life

Management of SF6 gas

Transportation of SF6 gas


D Transportation of SF6 gas is considered as a transportion of dangerous
materials. It must be carried out in accordance with the regulations in force,
especially the ADR Regulations in Europe (European Agreement concerning
the International Road Transport of dangerous materials).
D For each transport, each container must be labelled, the label must be
visible and be combined with a Health & Safety / Transportation label and a
Transportation slip for dangerous materials must be drawn up.
D In the event of a transportation of SF6 gas containing toxic products
(waste), the document for dangerous materials must include the ADR 2.2 T
C classification with a Safety Plan. The combined label will be the following :

USED SF6
SULPHUR
HEXAFLUORIDE

LiquidGAS,
toxic,
corrosive,
n.s.a.
C - CORROSIVE

T+ - VERY TOXIC

(Contains used Sulphur Hexafluoride SF6)


R 26/27/28 VERY TOXIC BY INHALATION, IN
CONTACT WITH SKIN AND IF SWALLOWED.
S 7/9 Keep container tightly closed in a well-- ventilated place.
S 20/21 When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 38 In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.
S 45 In the event of an accident, contact a doctor immediately (if possible
show the doctor this label).
S 61 -- Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special Instructions / Safety
Data Sheet.
S 63 If inhaled, move the victim out of the contaminated area and keep them
still.
S 51 -- Use only in well ventilated areas.

D Loading and unloading operations are carried out by trained and qualified
personnel in accordance with the instructions in force.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--001EN02
5/6
GRID

Equipment end of life

Management of SF6 gas

Applicable documentation
International Standards

D IEC 60 376 : Technical Quality specifications of Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6)


for use in electrical devices.
D IEC 60 480 : guidelines concerning the testing and treatment of Sulphur
Hexaluoride (SF6) sampled on electrical devices and specifications concerning re--use.
D IEC 62 271--303 : high--voltage switchgear use and handling operations
of Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6) in high--voltage switchgear.

Technical guides

D SF6 Practical Handling instructions -- CIGRE Brochure 273 : SF6


Practical Handling guide
D SF6 Recycling Guide (Revision 2003) -- CIGRE Brochure 234 -- August
2003 -- PARIS : SF6 recycling guide

European Regulations

European Regulations (EC) No842/2006 of 17th of May 2006 concerning certain greenhouse effect fluorinated gases.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G80--001EN02
6/6
GRID

Equipment end of life

Instructions on the handling of used SF6 gas


and decomposition products
Presentation
Introduction

These maintenance directives incorporate measures for avoiding the hazards


involved in the application of SF6 gas to switchgear.
Such directives are protective measures and recommendations for the user
of SF6 switchgear.

Fundamental
rules

Instructions for performance of work on SF6 gas switchgear are given in the
appropriate instruction manuals.
Switchgear may only be opened after the preparations for scavenging have
been completed.

In this module

This module contains the following topics :


Topic
Evacuation of SF6 gas apparatus
Opening--up SF6 gas switchgear
Recapitulation of important instructions

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

Page
2
3
4

G81--001EN03
1/4
GRID

Equipment end of life

Instructions on the handling of used SF6 gas


and decomposition products
Evacuation of SF6 gas apparatus
Principle and
precautions

The table below gives the principle of evacuation of SF6 gas apparatus and
precautions to take :
Step
1
2
3
4

02--2011

Action
De--energize apparatus, switch--off where applicable and earth.
Connect the servicing unit to the gas filling nipple by means of a
hose and using an adsorber filter.
Remove the SF6 gas using the vacuum pump. Depending on the
gas volume ; it can be stored for re--use as per indications of IEC
standard.
Fill gas compartment if possible with nitrogen or dry compressed air
at rated pressure and subsequently, discharge outdoors (if possible
through an adsorber filter).

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G81--001EN03
2/4
GRID

Equipment end of life

Instructions on the handling of used SF6 gas


and decomposition products
Opening--up SF6 gas switchgear
Precautions to take

At the time of the opening--up SF6 gas switchgear, take the precautions
below :
DS Open--up SF6 switchgear only after the gas has been evacuated and the
pressure inside the apparatus has been reduced to that of atmospheric
pressure.
DS Put the ventilation system in operation or ensure that fresh air circulates
in some other manner when switchgear which contains decomposition
products is opened (e.g. circuit--breaker).
DS Wear suitable fresh air breathing apparatus if there is even the slightest
possibility that personnel working on the equipment could be put in danger
through inhalation of hazardous amounts of gas vapor from powdery
decomposition products.
DS Wear special overalls when working on opened--up SF6 switchgear which
contains powdery decomposition products. After completing work remove
overalls.
DS Avoid stirring--up dust and powder from SF6 switchgear. Difficult to remove
dust can be removed with dry non--fibrous rags. A vacuum cleaner should be
used to remove loose dust. The vacuum cleaner filter should be able to retains
particles of a least 1 m in size.
DS Items (such as rags, vacuum cleaner, throw--away--overalls, gloves, etc.)
which come in contact with the decomposition products must be collected and
neutralized so that the dust cannot be transferred. Before getting rid of these
items neutralize in a 3 percent soda solution for 24 hours. verify the degree
of neutralization after 24 hours. When soda is added, no bubbles should be
result. If there are bubbles repeat the neutralization.
DS Under all circumstances ensure that the decomposition products neither
come in contact with skin, eyes, clothes, nor that they are swallowed or
inhaled. Pay special attention to cleanliness of body, clothes and
work--bench. Dust or powder that comes in contact with skin must be washed
away with plenty of water.
It is advisable to wash face, neck, arms and hands with soap and plenty of
water before work--breaks and after stoppage of work.
DS Avoid eating, drinking, smoking or storing eatables in rooms or outdoors
near to opened SF6 switchgear which may contain arc--decomposed powder.

02--2011

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G81--001EN03
3/4
GRID

Equipment end of life

Instructions on the handling of used SF6 gas


and decomposition products
Recapitulation of important instructions
Reminder

Pure, non--contaminated SF6 gas is non--poisonous. Electrical discharges


and fault--switching arcs will give rise to different grades of poisonous
decomposition products. In small amounts gaseous decomposition products
produce -- within seconds and before any poisonous effects can take place
-- warning symptoms, such as an unpleasant piercing odor, nasal, mouth and
eye irritations, which enable working personnel to withdraw to safety. Solid
decomposition products (powdery residues from switching) can cause skin
irritations. SF6 is about five times heavier than air, and in the absence of
turbulence, results in the gas collecting just above ground level and causing
suffocation through a deficiency of oxygen.

Important
instructions

The table below recapitulates the important instructions to follow at the time
of handling of used SF6 gas and decomposition products :
No.
1

6
7

02--2011

Instruction
As soon as an unpleasant, piercing odor from decomposition products
becomes perceptible leave the substation room without delay. enter
the room only after thorough ventilation or when wearing suitable
oxygen breathing masks (with filtering or fresh air device).
After disturbances, enter the substation room only after having
thoroughly aired the room or when wearing independent of
ambient--air operating oxygen breathing masks, or alternatively, after
verifying by measurement that the ambient air contains at least 17%
volume of oxygen, especially if, one has to reckon with the
concentration of SF6 in hazardous amounts.
Enter rooms located below, and connected with the substation--rooms
after thorough ventilation only, or when wearing oxygen breathing
masks which operate independent of the ambient--air, or alternatively,
after having verified by measurement that the ambient air contains at
least 17% volume of oxygen.
Ensure that the room ventilation operates satisfactorily, whilst
maintenance work is being performed on SF6 switchgear (discharging
and filling of gas, opening and cleaning of equipment).
When working on opened SF6 switchgear protect skin against contact
with gas and avoid swallowing or inhaling of gas. Ensure body, clothing
and work--bench cleanliness. Wear special work--overalls and after
completion of work discard latter.
Wash skin which comes in contact with powder deposits with plenty of
water. Before work--breaks and after work wash face, neck, arms and
hands thoroughly with soap and plenty of water.
Do not stir--up powder deposits resulting from arc--switching. Remove
sticky powder with dry rags. Use suitable vacuum cleaner with
paper--filter to remove loose powder. Discard used items and
filter--bags in such a manner that powder deposit does not spread.
Before discarding neutralize used items.
Avoid eating, drinking and storing eatables in rooms with opened SF6
switchgear which contains powder deposits.

ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be
relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is
provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is
strictly prohibited.

G81--001EN03
4/4
GRID

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ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on
that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without
liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.
GRID

Alstom Grid
-ALSTOM

2010. ALSTOM, the


ALSTOM logo and any alternative
version thereof are trademarks and
service marks of ALSTOM. The other
names mentioned, registered or not, are
the property of their respective
companies. The technical and other data
contained in this document is provided
for information only. Neither ALSTOM,
its officers and employees accept
responsibility for or should be taken as
making any representation or warranty
(whether express or implied) as to the
accuracy or completeness of such data
or the achievement of any projected
performance criteria where these are
indicated. ALSTOM reserves the right to
revise or change this data at any time
without further notice.
Alstom Grid
HIGH VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR
130 rue Lon Blum
69611- Villeurbanne cedex - France
Tel: +33 (0) 4 72 68 34 34
Fax: +33 (0) 4 72 68 34 50

www.alstom.com

GRID