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Pre-Lab Information Half-wave and Full-wave Rectifier Assignment

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Rectifiers are widely used in power supplies to provide the required dc voltage.
Materials and equipment Needed:
One 240/24 Vrms center-tapped transformer.
Two diodes 1N4001.
Two 2.2 k resistors.
One 100 F, 50 V electrolytic capacitor (any voltage rating is fine since is simulation only).
One fuse (any rating is fine since is simulation only).

Function generator.


In this experiment, use Multisim to connect a low-voltage (24 V ac) transformer to a 240V 50Hz
ac line (use the function generator for simulation and consider whether the typical specification
is peak or rms). Connect the half-wave rectifier shown in Figure 1. Notice the polarity of the
diode. Be sure to set the tolerance of the resistor to 5%. Connect the oscilloscope so that channel

1 is across the transformer and channel 2 is across the load resistor. View the secondary voltage,
VSEC, and the load voltage, VLOAD, for this circuit and observe their waveforms.
1.Measure the rms input voltage VSEC to the diode (remember to convert the oscilloscope
reading of VSEC to rms) and the output peak voltage, VLOAD. Tabulate all data gathered.
Capture screenshots of your measurements..

Figure 1
2.The output isnt very useful as a dc source because of the variations in the output waveform.
Connect a 100 F capacitor (C1) with a tolerance of 10% in parallel with the load resistor (RL).
(note the polarity of the capacitor). Measure the dc load voltage, VLOAD, and the peak-to-peak
ripple voltage, VRIPPLE, in the output. Measure the ripple frequency. Capture screenshots.
Tabulate all data gathered and compare the results with and without the filter capacitor..
3.Disconnect the power and change the circuit to the full-wave rectifier circuit shown in Figure
2. Notice that the ground for the circuit has changed. The oscillopscope ground needs to be
connected as shown. Check your circuit carefully before applying power. Compute the expected
peak output voltage. Then apply power and view the VSEC and VLOAD waveforms..

Measure the VSEC rms and peak output voltage VLOAD without a filter capacitor. Capture
screenshots of the waveforms.

Tabulate all data gathered.

figure 2

Figure 2
4.Connect the 100 F capacitor in parallel with the load resistor. Measure VLOAD, the peak-topeak ripple voltage, and the ripple frequency as before. Capture screenshots. Tabulate all
gathered data and compare the results with and without the filter capacitor..
5.Investigate the effect of the load resistor on the ripple voltage by connecting a second 2.2 k,
5% tolerance, load resistor in parallel with RL and C1 in the full-wave circuit of Figure 3.
Measure the ripple voltage. Captures a screenshot..
6.Conclusion: Write a detailed conclusion about this lab experiment. The conclusions should
explain in detail and in words why the results were different at different stages in the lab and
what the implications are of the different results. You should make sure that you include the
following: a.the effect of capacitor on the output voltage.
b.and the effect of additional load on the ripple voltage.

Please note, however, that addressing only a and b will not result in full points.
7.Evaluation and Review Question:.

What advantage does a full-wave rectifier circuit have over a half-wave rectifier circuit?

Half-wave and Full-wave Rectifier Assignment


The half-wave rectifier has a diode in series with a load resistor.

With a half-wave rectifier, the output frequency equals the input frequency.
The capacitor-input filter produced a dc output voltage equal to the peak value of the rectified
A diode circuit used to protect a sensitive circuit is called a ______.
Half-wave rectifier voltage produces__________.
bi-directional current flow
unidirectional current flow
no current flow
alternating current
What is the term for a special kind of high frequency power supply used in computers and monitors?
crowbar protection
switching regulator
The voltage that must be less than the breakdown voltage of the diode in order to prevent damage to
the diode is the ________.
peak inverse voltage
maximum diode voltage
reverse surge voltage
maximum peak voltage
Assume the input signal to a rectifier circuit has a peak value of Vm = 12 V and is at a frequency of 60
Hz. Assume the output load resistance is R = 2k and the ripple voltage is to be limited to V r= 0.4 V.

Determine the capacitance required to yield this specification for a (a) full-wave rectifier and (b) halfwave rectifier. Show all work.
9. A full-wave rectifier is to be designed to produce a peak output voltage of 12 V, deliver 120 mA to the
load, and produce an output with a ripple of not more than 5 percent. An input line voltage of 120 V
(rms), 60 Hz is available. Consider a bridge type rectifier. Specify the transformer ratio and the size
of the required filter capacitor. Show all work.
10. Silicon diodes are used in a two-diode full-wave rectifier circuit to supply a load with 12 volts D.C.
Assuming ideal diodes and that the load resistance is 12 ohms, compute the secondary transformer
voltage, the load ripple voltage, and the efficiency of the rectifier. Show all work.
11. A half-wave rectifier using silicon diode has a secondary emf of 14.14 V (rms) with a resistance of 0.2
. The diode has a forward resistance of 0.05 and a threshold voltage of 0.7 V. If load resistance
is 10 , determine the following:
o dc load current
o dc load voltage
o voltage regulation
o circuit efficiency
o diode PIV and current rating

Half-wave and Full-wave Rectifier Assignment

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