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103792 Intra-LTE Inter-freq

Mobility

Intra-LTE Inter-freq /iRAT Mobility


Reselection part
Antoine GUIRAUD
May, 2011

AGENDA

Intra-LTE Inter-freq Mobility:

i-RAT HRPD Mobility:

Reselection part

Reselection part

103792 Intra-LTE Inter-freq


Mobility

Intra-LTE Inter-freq Mobility


Reselection part (FRS 103792)

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Activation
Feature flag

ActivationService :: isInterFreqEutraSameFrameStructureMobilityAllowed

This parameter enables or disables both:


1. inter-freq cell reselection
2. Handover
3. Redirection.

Note: this flag is not used for target eNB to check incoming handover in LA3.0.

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SIB Management
SIB: Overall functional parameters useful for specific feature and send
together via DL-SCH channel
If SIB2/SIB3 cannot be built, it means the cell is not available and that cell
state is set to disabled/failed. The ENB raises a critical alarm (need operator
intervention).
If SIB4 or SIB5 cannot be built, the only consequence is that it is not
broadcasted. But feature is not implemented.

From
LTE
LTE
LTE
LTE
LTE

Mobility types
Mandatory SIB Optional SIB
SIB4
SIB1-SIB2-SIB3
SIB1-SIB2-SIB3
SIB4
SIB5
SIB1-SIB2-SIB3
SIB6
SIB1-SIB2-SIB3
SIB7
SIB1-SIB2-SIB3
SIB8

To
LTE-Intra-Freq
LTE-Inter-Freq
WCDMA
GERAN
HRPD

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One of the main parameter : Qrxlevmin


This parameter configures the cell min required RSRP
level used by the UE in cell reselection.

Intra Freq
Target Cell
PCI#3
Inter Freq
Target Cell
PCI#6

CellSelectionReselectionConf::qrxlevmin
in SIB1
CellReselectionConfLte::qrxlevmin
in SIB3
CellReselectionConfLte::qrxlevmin
in SIB5
SourceCell
PCI#1

WCDMA
Target Cell
Cell#9

CellReselectionConfUtraFdd or Tdd::qrxlevmin
in SIB6
CellReselectionConfGERAN::qrxlevmin
in SIB7
Snonservingcell = -FLOOR (-20 x log10Ec/Io) in
SIB8 (No qrxlevmin)

GERAN
Target Cell
Cell#12
CDMA
Target Cell
Cell#15

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MIM Structure
Activation flag

SpeedStateEvalConf
(Optional)
nCellChangeHigh
nCellChangeMedium
tEvaluation
tHystNormal

SIB5 parameters

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Cell Reselection priority

LTE to EUTRAN-EUTRAN inter freq Cell reselection priority is configurable.


In ALU generic configuration LTE cells priority is set as:
CellReselectionConfLte::cellReselectionPriority = 5 (SIB3 and SIB5)

Note :
Be careful, in LA2.0 this parameter was located under cellSelectionReselectionConf MO +
cellreselectionconfinterfreq

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LTE to LTE inter freq Mobility Cell Reselection RAT


priority LA5 LA6

LTE to LTE inter freq Cell reselection priority is configurable.

In the context of the LTE network trial introduction, we assume the number of UE having both
3G and LTE capability to be low.

The ALU generic configuration is:


1.

LTE cells have highest priority


CellReselectionConfLte::cellReselectionPriority = 5 (SIB3)

2.

Other LTE cell with higher, lower or same priority than LTE
[Auther instance of LteNeighboringFreqConf than LTE cell]
CellReselectionConfLte::cellReselectionPriority = 4 (SIB3)
CellReselectionConfLte::cellReselectionPriority = 5 (SIB3)
CellReselectionConfLte::cellReselectionPriority = 6 (SIB3)

3.

UTRAN & GERAN cells have the lowest priority


CellReselectionConfUtraFdd: cellReselectionPriority = 3 (SIB6)
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Reselection Measurements management UE


R8

In order to limit the amount of inter-freq measurements an additional criteria broadcasted in


SIB3 is used:
CellSelectionReselectionConf::sNonIntraSearch : threshold for serving cell reception under which
the UE may trigger inter-freq and inter-RAT measurements for cell reselection.
The UE applies rules as follows, where CRP = Cell Reselection Priority and IFREQ=inter freq target cell, S
= selection criterion:

=
YES

UE performs measurements of the equal


priority inter-frequency

CRP-ifreq CRP-servingcell?

>

NO

UE performs measurements of the higher


priority inter-frequency

NO
Is S-nonintrasearch sent in SIB3?
YES
YES
Is S-servingcell > S-nonintrasearch?
NO

UE may choose not to perform


measurements of inter frequency cells of
equal or less priority.
UE performs measurements of Interfrequency cells of lower CRP.

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LTE to LTEinterFreq/ inter-RAT Mobility Cell Reselection Priority


Algorithm Overview - UE R9
In order to limit the amount of inter-RAT measurements an additional criteria broadcasted in SIB3 is used:
sNonIntraSearchP and sNonIntraSearchQ: thresholds for serving cell reception under which the UE may trigger
inter-RAT or/and inter-Freq measurements for cell reselection.
Configurable under : CellSelectionReselectionConf::sNonIntraSearchP / sNonIntraSearchQ
The UE applies rules as follows, where CRP = Cell Reselection Priority and IRAT=UTRAN, GERAN interFREQ EUTRAN ,

= selection criterion:

CRP-irat > CRP-servingcell?

YES

UE performs measurements of the


higher priority inter-RAT frequency.

NO
NO

Is sNonIntraSearchP or

UE may choose not to perform

sNonIntraSearchQ sent in SIB3?

measurements of inter-RAT frequency

YES

YES

cells of (equal*) or less priority.

Is S-rxlev > sNonIntraSearchP

UE performs measurements of IRAT

And S-qual > sNonIntraSearchQ?

frequency cells of higher (equal*) or lower


CRP.

NO

* Equal priority in restriction in LA3 and LA4 for iRAT.


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INTER-FREQUENCY CELL SELECTION CRITERION - UE R9


For UE R9 capable:
If Srxlev > sNonIntraSearchP and Squal > sNonIntraSearchQ
then the UE will
search for inter-frequency layers of higher priority at least every
Thigher_priority_search
If Srxlev sNonIntraSearchP or Squal sNonIntraSearchQ then
the UE shall
search for and measure inter-frequency layers of higher, equal or
lower priority in
preparation for possible reselection.
The UE will measure RSRP or RSRQ at least every Kcarrier *
Tmeasure,EUTRAN_Inter for identified lower or equal priority
interfrequency cells.
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Measurement Configuration for inter freq reselection:


Cell selection criterion for inter-freq reselection UE R8
Almost the same as intra-freq criterion except : Pmax parameter which is optional (Sent in SIB1).
The UE decides the best candidates for cell reselection by calculating an S criterion for each
broadcasting cell. The S criterion of a cell is fulfilled when:

Srxlev [= Qrxlevmeas (Qrxlevmin + Qrxlevminoffset) Pcompensation] > 0

Where: Pcompensation= Max [Pmax- Pumax, 0]


Pumax=23 dBm for UE class3 (currently only class3 are available)
To see LPUG Volume 6 section 4.1.3.1 table2 for more information on UE classes

Qrxlevmin is a tunable parameter sent in SIB5 (inter-freq specific)


Qrxlevminoffset a tunable parameter sent in SIB1 (used if search for higher priority PLMN)

Note: For an E-UTRAN cell, the measured RSRP value shall be greater than or equal to -110 dBm

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LTE to LTE and LTE to UTRAN/GERAN Mobility Cell


Reselection Evaluation UE R9
 The UE decides the best candidates for cell reselection by calculating an S criterion for each broadcasting cell.
The S criterion of a cell is fulfilled when:

Srxlev [= Qrxlevmeas (Qrxlevmin + Qrxlevminoffset) Pcompensation] > 0


Where : Pcompensation= Max [pMax- Pumax, 0]
CellSelectionReselectionConf::pMax is a tunable parameter sent in SIB1 (LTE),

Red =
NEW
IN
LA4.0

CellReselectionConfLte::pMax is a tunable parameter sent in SIB3&SIB5 (LTE),


Qrxlevmin is a tunable parameter sent in SIB6 (UMTS) , SIB7 (GERAN), SIB3&SIB5 (LTE)
Qrxlevminoffset a tunable parameter sent in SIB1 (used if search for higher priority PLMN)

 Additional criterion for UMTS and LTE cell reselection :


Squal [= Qqualmeas (Qqualmin + Qqualminoffset)] > 0
Qqualmeas is measured by the UE
Qqualmin is a parameter sent in SIB6 (CellReselectionConfUtraFdd) or SIB3&SIB5
(CellReselectionConfLte)
Qqualminoffset is not implemented in LA3 but is implemented in LA4
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Measurement Configuration for inter-freq reselection :


Prerequisite
If the S-ServingCell of the E-UTRA serving cell (or other cells on the same frequency layer)
is greater than sNonIntraSearch then (3GPP 36.133):
the UE may not search for, or measure inter-RAT or inter-freq layers of lower or equal priority.
the UE search for inter-RAT or inter-freq layers of higher priority at least every higher_priority_search
= (60 * Nlayers) seconds, where Nlayers is the total number of configured higher priority E-UTRA,
UTRA FDD, UTRA TDD, CDMA2000 1x and HRPD carrier frequencies and is additionally increased by
one if one or more groups of GSM frequencies is configured as a higher priority.
RSRP
S-ServingCell

Looking for Higher priority cell


at least every (60 * Nlayers) sec.

Looking for all priority cell at least


(Kcarrier) * Tdetect,EUTRAN_Inter sec.

Qrxlevmin(SIB1) +
Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1) +
Pcompensation +
sNonIntraSearch
Min. = (60* Nlayers) s.
Min. = (Kcarrier)* Tdetect.EUTRAN_Inter s.

t
Kcarrier is the number of E-UTRA inter-frequency carriers indicated by the serving cell.
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Eligible cell Selection for measurements : LTE to LTE


inter-freq, UE measurements in the neighbor cell list
newly detectable EUTRA FDD cells
In inter-working with Enb::defaultPagingCycle=rf128, detection occure at least every :
Kcarrier * Tdetect,EUTRAN_Inter = every Kcarrier * [32 sec ]
Kcarrier is the number of E-UTRA inter-frequency carriers indicated by the serving cell.
CellReselectionConfLte:: Qrxlevmin(SIB5) and CellReselectionConfLte:: Qqualmin(SIB5) usage
defined in 3GPP 36.304

I
nt
FR e r
4G EQ ce
ll

If CellReselectionConfLte:: Qqualmin(SIB5) not present, the UE applies the (default) value of


negative infinity for Qqualmin and use only Qrxlevmin(SIB5)

RSRP

Qrxlevmin(SIB5)

Qqualmin(SIB5)

RSRQ

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Measurement Configuration for inter-freq


reselection : Prerequisite
If Srxlev > sNonIntraSearchP and Squal > sNonIntraSearchQ then the UE
will search for inter-frequency layers of higher priority at least every
Thigher_priority_search where Thigher_priority_search is described in section 4.2.2
of Volume 6.
If Srxlev sNonIntraSearchP or Squal sNonIntraSearchQ then the UE will
search for and measure inter-frequency layers of higher, equal or lower priority
in preparation for possible reselection.
Following rules are used by the UE to limit needed measurements :
RSRP
S-ServingCell

Qrxlevmin(SIB1) +
Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1) +
Pcompensation +
sNonIntraSearchP

Looking for Higher priority cell


at least every (60 * Nlayers) sec.

Measurements for all priority cell at


least every
(Kcarrier) * Tmeasure,EUTRAN_Inter
sec.

Min. = (60* Nlayers) s


Min. = (Kcarrier)* Tmeasure,EUTRAN_Inter s
Tdetect,EUTRAN_Inter=32s.
= (Kcarrier)*1,28 s.

t
Kcarrier is the number of E-UTRA inter-frequency carriers indicated by the serving cell.
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Measurement Configuration for inter-freq


reselection : Prerequisite
In LA4.0, one additional threshold with sNonIntraSearchQ usage
Following rules are used by the UE to limit needed measurements :
RSRQ
S-ServingCell

Looking for Higher priority cell


at least every (60 * Nlayers) sec.

Measurements for all priority cell at


least every
(Kcarrier) * Tmeasure,EUTRAN_Inter
sec.

Qqualmin(SIB1) +
Qqualminoffset(SIB1) +
sNonIntraSearchQ
Min. = (60* Nlayers) s
Min. = (Kcarrier)* Tmeasure,EUTRAN_Inter s
Tdetect,EUTRAN_Inter=32s.
= (Kcarrier)*1,28 s.

t
Kcarrier is the number of E-UTRA inter-frequency carriers indicated by the serving cell.

!Remarque!: Pcompensation is not imply in the reselection


decision if RSRQ drive measurements.
Thus pMax is not imply in the reselection decision if RSRQ
drive measurements
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Measurement Configuration for inter freq reselection:


Cell Reselection Criteria towards Higher or lower priority cell
Criteria 1 :
Srxlev of evaluated cell > threshXHigh (SIB5) during a time interval tReselectionRAT
 Cell reselection to a cell on a higher priority E-UTRAN frequency or inter-RAT frequency
than serving frequency shall be performed if:

A cell of a higher priority E-UTRAN frequency or inter-RAT frequency fulfils criteria 1


And more than 1 sec (hardcoded value) has elapsed since the UE camped on the current serving
cell (always verified as tReselectionRAT > 1 second).

 Cell reselection to a cell on a lower priority E-UTRAN frequency or inter-RAT frequency


than serving frequency shall be performed if:

No cell on serving frequency or on an equal priority E-UTRAN frequency or on a higher priority EUTRAN frequency or inter-RAT frequency than serving frequency fulfills the criteria 1

And SservingCell < threshServingLow and the Srxlev of a cell of a lower priority inter-RAT
frequency > threshXLow during a time interval tReselectionRAT

And more than 1 sec (hardcoded value) has elapsed since the UE camped on the current serving
cell.

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In LA4.0
Following are newly implemented:
CellReselectionConfLte ::threshXHighQ
CellReselectionConfLte ::threshXLowQ

CellSelectionReselectionConf::threshServingLowQ is applied in
all process regarding idle mobility (and also towards GERAN) because
this parameter is applied in the serving cell.

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LA4 -LTE to LTE/Inter-Freq Mobility Cell Reselection Criteria :


Cell Reselection Criteria towards Higher or lower priority cell
Criteria 1a :
Squal of evaluated cell > threshXHighQ (SIB5or6) during a time interval tReselectionRAT

Criteria 1b :
Srxlev of evaluated cell > threshXHigh (SIB5or6) during a time interval tReselectionRAT
1. If threshServingLowQ and threshXHighQ/ threshXLowQ are provided ,
 Cell reselection to a cell on a higher priority E-UTRAN frequency or UTRAN frequency
than serving frequency will be performed if:

A higher priority cell fulfils criteria 1a

With tReselectionRAT = tReselectionEUTRAN


 Cell reselection to a cell on a lower priority E-UTRAN frequency or inter-RAT frequency
than serving frequency will be performed if:
No cell on a higher priority E-UTRAN frequency or inter-RAT frequency than serving
frequency fulfills the criteria 1a
And SqualservingCell < threshServingLowQ
And the Squal of a cell of a lower priority inter or UTRAN frequency > threshXLowQ
during a time interval tReselectionRAT (tReselectionEUTRAN)
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LA4 - LTE to LTE/Inter-Freq Mobility Cell Reselection Criteria :


Cell Reselection Criteria towards Higher or lower priority cell
Criteria 1a :
Squal of evaluated cell > threshXHighQ (SIB5or6) during a time interval tReselectionRAT

Criteria 1b :

1.Srxlev of evaluated cell > threshXHigh (SIB5or6) during a time interval tReselectionRAT
2. If threshServingLowQ and threshXHighQ/threshXLowQ are not provided ,
 Cell reselection to a cell on a higher priority E-UTRAN frequency or UTRAN frequency than
serving frequency will be performed if:

A higher priority cell fulfils criteria 1b

With tReselectionRAT = tReselectionEUTRAN


 Cell reselection to a cell on a lower priority E-UTRAN frequency or inter-RAT frequency
than serving frequency will be performed if:
No cell on a higher priority E-UTRAN frequency or inter-RAT frequency than serving
frequency fulfills the criteria 1b
And SrxlevservingCell < threshServingLow
And the Srxlev of a cell of a lower priority inter or UTRAN frequency > threshXLow
during a time interval tReselectionRAT (tReselectionEUTRAN)
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LTE to LTE Mobility - Cell Reselection Criteria towards Higher priority eUTRAN
cell
RSRP or RSRQ Triggers in LA4.0 with new R9 parameter
Srxlv > 0 and Squal > 0
i.e, Qqualmeas>qQualmin(sib5) and
Qrxlevmeas>qRxlevmin(sib5)+Pcompensation

Criteria1a met LTE inter-freq cell


LTE inter-freq cell is reselected

tReselectionUtra

RSRP Serving Cell

CPICH Ec/Io

Qqualmin(SIB5) +
+threshXHighQ(SIB5)

UTRAN higher
priority target
cell criteria not
met

time

Criteria is based on neighbor cell level Radio quality


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Cell Reselection Criteria towards Higher priority cell

UE starts Inter freq meas


(and iRAT) for cell
reselection

Srxlev > 0

tReselectionEUTRAN
or tReselectionRAT

RSRP Serving Cell

Qrxlevmin(SIB1)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)
+sNonIntraSearch(SIB3)

Eutran cell is reselected


with other freq

RSRP target cell


(higher prio)

Qrxlevmin(SIB5)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)
+threshXHigh(SIB5)

2
LTE higher
priority target
cell criteria not
met

Qrxlevmin(SIB1)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)
+threshServingLow (SIB3)

time
qrxlevminoffset = 0 if same PLMN
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Cell Reselection Criteria towards lower priority cell

1
Srxlev > 0

UE starts Inter freq meas


(and iRAT) for cell
reselection

RSRP lower priority eUTRAN cell


Qrxlevmin(SIB5)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)
+threshXHigh(SIB5)

Qrxlevmin(SIB5)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)
+threshXLow(SIB5)

Qrxlevmin(SIB1)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)
+threshServingLow (SIB3)

Eutran cell is reselected


with other freq

tReselectionEUTRAN
or tReselectionRAT

RSRP Serving Cell

Qrxlevmin(SIB1)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)
+sNonIntraSearch(SIB3)

LTE lower priority


cell criteria not met

UE starts looking at lower


priority cell for reselection
time

qrxlevminoffset = 0 if same PLMN


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LTE to LTE Mobility - Cell Reselection Criteria towards Lower priority eUTRAN cell
RSRP & RSRQ Triggers in LA4.0 with new R9 parameter
Srxlev > 0 and (for UMTS only) Squal > 0

UE starts IRAT meas (and


interfreq) for cell
reselection

Utran cell is reselected


with WCDMA Cell
CPICH Ec/Io

RSRP Serving Cell


tReselectionUtra

lower priority UTRAN cell

LL

CE
qQualmin(SIB5)
O
N
+threshXHighQ(SIB5)

qQualMin(SIB1)
+qQualMinOffset (SIB1)
+sNonIntraSearchQ (SIB3)

3
qQualmin(SIB5)
+threshXLowQ(SIB5)

qQualMin(SIB1)
+qQualMinOffset (SIB1)
+threshServingLowQ
(SIB3)

UTRAN lower priority


cell criteria not met

UE starts looking at lower


priority cell for reselection
time

Criteria is based on serving cell and neighbor cell level Radio quality
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Measurement Configuration for inter freq reselection:


Ranking between Equal priority cell

 The UE ranks the intra-frequency cells and the cells on other frequencies having equal
priority which fulfil the S-criterion using a criterion known as the R-criterion. The Rcriterion generates rankings Rs and Rn for the serving cell and neighbour cells
respectively:
For the serving cell:

Rs = Qmeas,s + Qhyst,s

For neighbour cells:

Rn = Qmeas,n - Qoff s,n

 The UE reselects to the highest-ranked candidate cell provided that it is better ranked
than the serving cell for at least the duration of Treselection. The UE scales the
parameters Treselection and Qhyst, depending on the UE speed

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Measurement Configuration for inter freq reselection:


Ranking between Equal priority cell
qHyst SIB3
qOffsetCell SIB5

Rn
Rs

Rs > Rn

Rn > Rs

Rs > Rn

qOffsetCell
qHyst

serving cell

neighbor cell
time

ranking computation:
we compare a degraded neighbour cell (qoffsetcell) to an improved serving (qHyst).
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Cell Reselection Criteria towards equal priority cell- UE R8

1
Srxlev > 0

UE starts Inter freq meas


(and iRAT) for cell
reselection

Eutran cell is reselected


with other freq
RSRP equal priority
eUTRAN cell

tReselectionEUTRAN
or tReselectionRAT

RSRP Serving Cell

Qrxlevmin(SIB1)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)
+sNonIntraSearch(SIB3)

Rn > Rs

qOffsetCell

Qrxlevmin(SIB5)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)

LTE equal priority


cell criteria not met

Traditional S criteria

UE starts ranking cells


qHyst
time

qrxlevminoffset = 0 if same PLMN


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Cell Reselection Criteria towards equal priority cell- UE

R9

if sNonIntraSearchP is not provisioned, sNonIntraSearch is used


Srxlev > 0
Or
Squal > 0

RSRP Serving Cell

UE starts Inter freq meas


(and iRAT) for cell
reselection

or

Eutran cell is reselected


with other freq
RSRP equal priority
eUTRAN cell
Or
RSRQ equal priority
eUTRAN cell

tReselectionEUTRAN
or tReselectionRAT

RSRQ Serving Cell

Qrxlevmin(SIB1)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)

Rn > Rs

qOffsetCell

+sNonIntraSearchP

Qrxlevmin(SIB5)
+Qrxlevminoffset(SIB1)
+Pcompensation(SIB5)

(SIB3)

OR

LTE equal priority


cell criteria not met

Qqualmin(SIB1)
+Qqualminoffset(SIB1)

AND
Qqualmin(SIB5)
+Qqualminoffset(SIB1)

+sNonIntraSearchQ
(SIB3)

UE starts ranking cells


qHyst
time

qrxlevminoffset = 0 if same PLMN


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qOffsetCell : New Optional parameter implemented


In general, this parameter is not implemented
qOffsetCell : This parameter defines the offset between the current LteCell and the
LteNeighboringCell. This parameter will be present and configured if the neighbor cell is included in
the neighbor cell list to be provided in the System Information. In dB. Defined in TS 36.331. Broadcast in
SystemInformationBlockType4, or in SystemInformationBlockType5..
there exists at least one instance of LteCell/LteNeighboringCellRelation containing mandatory
parameters for cell reselection
This parameter will be broadcasted if qOffsteCell is set with non dB0 value
For sib5 qOffsetCell can be empty.// To see section 4.1.3.3 of the LPUG for details on this parameter

qOffsetCell
Parameter
Object
Range & Unit

Class/Category
Value
Feature

ENBEquipment/ Enb/ LteCell/ LteNeighboring/


LteNeighboringFreqConf/ LteNeighboringCellRelation
Enumerate in dB
[dB-24, dB-22, dB-20, dB-18, dB-16, dB-14, dB-12, dB-10, dB-8, dB-6, dB5, dB-4, dB-3, dB-2, dB-1, dB0, dB1, dB2, dB3, dB4, dB5, dB6, dB8, dB10,
dB12, dB14, dB16, dB18, dB20, dB22, dB24]
C--New-set-ups / Optimization - Tuning
dB3
96760, 103792
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Feature inter-working : Optional InterFreqBlackCellList


of SIB5
Related to inter-working with inter-frequency mobility: interFreqNeighCellList,
contains the neighboring cells have attribute qOffsetCell set as non-zero, and
noHoOrReselection set as FALSE. If no such cell, this IE is not included.
interFreqBlackCellList, contains the neighboring cells have attribute
noHoOrReselection set as TRUE and the cells in the object of black cell list.
If no such cell, this IE is not included

InterFreqBlackCellList that is a sequence of PhysCellIdRange


LteCell

CellSelectionReselectionConf

LTENeighboringFreqConf

qHyst(SIB3)

(one or More Instances not pointed


to by LteCell::lteNeighboringFreqsConfId)

LteNeighboringCellRelation

BlackCellConf

(one or more instances, Optional)

(one or more instances, Optional)

noHOOrReselection

range
start

qOffsetCell(SIB5)
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Some related features


104002 Broadcast per cell SIB4 (LA3.0)
is broadcast only if at least one neighbour EUTRAN carrier MO has
been configured.
Possibilities to blacklist a cell or group of cell

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Implementation Principle

Inter-freq reselection will use the same procedure as existing for intra-freq
reselection, but with specific parameters for the thresholds.
Inter-freq handover will use the same procedure as existing intra-freq handover.

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103792 Intra-LTE Inter-freq


Mobility

103792 Intra-LTE Inter-freq


Mobility - Connected mode
Antoine GUIRAUD
December, 2012
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Overview
Feature flag
isInterFreqEutraSameFrameStructureMobilityAllowed
Note: this flag is not used for target eNB to check incoming handover in LA3.0.

Type of mobility:
Inter-freq cell reselection (by SIB5);
Inter-freq non-blind handover (triggered by A3/A5)
Inter-freq non-blind redirection (triggered by A3/A5);
Inter-freq blind redirection (triggered by A2);
No inter-freq blind handover;

Type of inter-freq:
Intra-band intra-FDD (or TDD)
Inter-band intra-FDD (or TDD)
No inter-FDD-TDD in LA3.0

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Overview
Type of handover base:
X2-based inter-freq handover
S1-based inter-freq handover
No intra-eNB inter-freq handover in LA3.0

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UE Capability
RF-Parameters
This field indicates the supported band list;

MeasParamters
This field indicates if gap is required when UE stays in band of serving freq and
measures band of target freq;

Feature Group Indicator


Bit 13, this bit indicates if UE supports inter-freq handover;
Bit 14, this bit indicates if UE supports event A4 and A5;
Bit 25, this bit indicates if UE supports inter-freq measurement;

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Implementation Principle
Principle:
Non-blind inter-freq handover and redirection use the same measurement;
Redirection is performed only when handover cant be triggered;
Measurement for inter-freq handover/redirection is configured to UE in the same RRC
message with measurement for inter-RAT handover/redirection/CCO;
Inter-freq measurement and inter-RAT measurement are configured to UE only when
serving cell condition is bad, and so they should be de-configured once the condition
becomes good.
If serving cell condition is worse, blind redirection will be triggered.
Inter-freq and inter-RAT measurement comes from MIM and are selected by eMCTA.
Inter-freq handover will use the same procedure as existing intra-freq handover.

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Measurement Configuration
Entering-Coverage-Alarm
Event A2 is used, if this report is received, the eNB configures inter-freq and interRAT measurement to UE, and setup gap if it is required;
Gap required or not depends on UE capability;

Leaving-Coverage-Alarm
Event A1 is used, if this report is received, the eNB remove configured inter-freq &
inter-RAT measurement and release gap if it is setup before.

Below-Serving-Floor
Event A2 is used, if this report is received, the eNB triggers blind redirection to interfreq or inter-RAT.
Threshold of this measurement should be lower than that for entering-coveragealarm.
Target frequency for blind redirection is selected by eMCTA.

Mobility-Intra-Freq
Event A3 is used, if this report is received, the eNB triggers intra-freq handover.
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Measurement Configuration
Mobility-Inter-Freq-to-EUTRA
Event A3 or A5 is used, if this report is received, the eNB triggers inter-freq handover
or redirection.
If both A3 and A5 are configured in MIM, A5 is configured to UE if it is supported by
UE (by checking UE capability)
Redirection is triggered only if inter-freq handover is not supported by UE (by
checking UE capability)
The inter-freq configured to UE for measurement are selected by eMCTA from
neighbouring inter-freq configured in MIM.

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Handover and measurement


report interaction
During inter-eNB inter-freq handover, if following report is received:
Leaving-coverage-alarm(A1), cancel the ongoing inter-freq handover;
Below-serving-floor(A2), ignore this report;
Mobility-intra-freq(A3), trigger intra-freq handover and cancel the ongoing inter-freq
handover;
Mobility-inter-freq-to-EUTRA(A3/A5):

If reported freq is the same as that of ongoing handover, check the reported target cell, if
still the same, ignore this report, otherwise cancel the ongoing handover and trigger new
handover;

If reported freq is a different one, check its priority assigned by eMCTA, ignore this report
if it is a lower or equal priority, otherwise cancel the ongoing handover and trigger new
inter-freq handover;

Mobility-inter-RAT(B2), check freq priority assigned by eMCTA, ignore this report if it


is a lower priority freq, otherwise cancel the ongoing inter-freq handover and trigger
inter-RAT handover;

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Handover and measurement


report interaction
During other type of handover, if mobility-inter-freq report is received:
Intra-freq handover, ignore the report;
Inter-RAT handover, check freq priority assigned by eMCTA, ignore this report if it is
a lower priority freq, otherwise cancel the ongoing inter-RAT handover and trigger
inter-freq handover;

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Some related features


97981 Intra-LTE handover optimization
This feature introduce several optimization on handover procedure, including both intrafreq and inter-freq handover.

93270 Measurement gap


Measurement gap allow UE measuring neighbouring inter-freq or inter-RAT.

106136 eMCTA
eMCTA selects inter-freq that should be measured and target freq that should be
redirected to.

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103792 Intra-LTE Inter-freq


Mobility

Measurements
Antoine GUIRAUD
December, 2011
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Event A1
When event A1 is configured, UE will send measurement reports when
the serving cell becomes better than a threshold value. Event A1 is used
for UE Leaving-Coverage-Alarm monitoring
Event A1 entering condition:
Ms hysteresis > thresholdEutraRsrp/thresholdEutraRsrq
Event A1 leaving condition:
Ms + hysteresis < thresholdEutraRsrp/thresholdEutraRsrq
Ms: measurement result of the serving cell

hysteresis: defined in reportConfigEUTRA::hysteresis


thresholdEutraRsrp: used if Rsrp is used for Ms. Defined in
reportConfigEUTRA::thresholdEutraRsrp.
thresholdEutraRsrq: used if Rsrq is used for Ms. Defined in
reportConfigEUTRA::thresholdEutraRsrq.

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Event A1 Diagram
Ms
conditions for Ms fulfilled

thresholdEutraRsrp/thresholdEutraRsrq

hysteresis

reportAmount

serving cell

reportQuantity

time
reportOnLeave
timeToTrigger

timeToTrigger
reportInterval

reportQuantity, reportAmount, timeToTrigger, reportInterval are defined in ReportConfigEutra MO


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Event A2
When event A2 is configured, UE will send measurement reports when
the serving cell becomes worse than a threshold value. Event A2 is used
for UE Entering-Coverage-Alarm and Below-Serving-Floor monitoring
Event A2 entering condition:
Ms + hysteresis < thresholdEutraRsrp/thresholdEutraRsrq
Event A2 leaving condition:
Ms - hysteresis > thresholdEutraRsrp/thresholdEutraRsrq
Ms: measurement result of the serving cell

hysteresis: defined in reportConfigEUTRA::hysteresis


thresholdEutraRsrp: used if Rsrp is used for Ms. Defined in
reportConfigEUTRA::thresholdEutraRsrp.
thresholdEutraRsrq: used if Rsrq is used for Ms. Defined in
reportConfigEUTRA::thresholdEutraRsrq.

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Event A2 Diagram
Ms
conditions for Ms fulfilled

serving cell
hysteresis

thresholdEutraRsrp/thresholdEutraRsrq

reportAmount
reportQuantity

time
reportOnLeave
timeToTrigger

timeToTrigger
reportInterval

reportQuantity, reportAmount, timeToTrigger, reportInterval are defined in ReportConfigEutra MO


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Event A3
When event A3 is configured, UE will send measurement reports when
the neighbor cell becomes offset better than the serving cell. Event A3 is
used to trigger intra-frequency HO and inter-frequency redirection/HO if
UE does not support event A5 configuration.
Event A3 entering condition:
Mn > Ms + offset + hysteresis
Event A3 leaving condition:
Mn < Ms + offset hysteresis
offset = eventA3Offset + cellIndividualOffset_s + offsetFreq_s
cellIndividualOffset_n offsetFreq_n
Mn: measurement result of the neighbor cell.
Ms: measurement result of the serving cell.

hysteresis: defined in reportConfigEUTRA::hysteresis


eventA3Offset: defined in reportConfigEUTRA::eventA3Offset

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Event A3 Diagram
Mn
Ms

hysteresis

offset
serving cell

neighbor cell

reportAmount
reportQuantity

time
reportOnLeave
timeToTrigger

timeToTrigger
reportInterval

reportQuantity, reportAmount, timeToTrigger, reportInterval are defined in ReportConfigEutra MO


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Event A3 Diagram: use case entering


condition, with current values : RSRP
Mn
Ms

Trigger EventA3

LteNeighboringCellRelation
::cellIndividualOffset: dB0

MeasObjectEUTRA::offsetFreq : dB0
LteNeighboringCellRelation::cellIndividualOffset : dB0

MeasObjectEUTRA::offsetFreq : dB0

reportConfigEUTRA::eventA3Offset : 2.0

neighbor cell
reportConfigEUTRA::hysteresis : 2.0

reportAmount

serving cell

reportQuantity

time

timeToTrigger:ms40
reportInterval: ms240
reportQuantity, reportAmount, timeToTrigger, reportInterval are defined in ReportConfigEutra MO
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Event A3 Diagram: use case Focus on


leaving condition, with current values :
RSRP
Mn
Ms

EventA3 Leaving

LteNeighboringCellRelation
::cellIndividualOffset: dB0

LteNeighboringCellRelation::

MeasObjectEUTRA::offsetFreq : dB0

cellIndividualOffset : dB0
MeasObjectEUTRA::offsetFreq : dB0

reportConfigEUTRA::eventA3Offset : 2.0

reportConfigEUTRA::hysteresis : 2.0
serving cell

neighbor cell
reportQuantity

time
timeToTrigger:ms40

reportOnLeave

reportQuantity, reportAmount, timeToTrigger, reportInterval are defined in ReportConfigEutra MO


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Event A5
When event A5 is configured, UE will send measurement reports when
the serving becomes worse than threshold1 and inter-frequency
neighbor cell becomes better than threshold2. Event A5 is used to
trigger inter-frequency redirection/HO and intra-frequency with ANR.
(Refer to LPUG Volume 6)
Event A5 entering condition 1:
Ms + hysteresis < thresholdEutraRsrp/thresholdEutraRsrq
Event A5 entering condition 2:
Mn + offset hysteresis > threshold2EutraRsrp/threshold2EutraRsrq
Event A5 leaving condition 1:
Ms hysteresis > thresholdEutraRsrp/thresholdEutraRsrq
Event A5 leaving condition 2:
Mn + offset + hysteresis < threshold2EutraRsrp/threshold2EutraRsrq
offset = cellIndividualOffset_n offsetFreq_n

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Event A5 Diagram
Mn
Ms

conditions for Mn fulfilled


conditions for Ms fulfilled

threshold2EutraRsrp/threshold2EutraRsrq
hysteresis

offset

serving cell
thresholdEutraRsrp/thresholdEutraRsrq

reportAmount

hysteresis

neighbor cell

reportQuantity

time

timeToTrigger
reportInterval

reportOnLeave
timeToTrigger

reportQuantity, reportAmount, timeToTrigger, reportInterval are defined in ReportConfigEutra MO


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103792 Intra-LTE Inter-freq


Mobility

Backup
Antoine GUIRAUD
May, 2011
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103792 Intra-LTE Inter-freq


Mobility

Optional UE speed Management


Antoine GUIRAUD
May, 2011
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Speed Mobility Management Cell


Reselection tReselectionRAT
General Feature Activation strategy (1/3)
HRPD case:

tReselectionRAT = tReselectionCdmaHrpd *
(tReselectionHrpdSfHigh or tReselectionHrpdMedium)

Inter-freq case:

tReselectionRAT = tReselectionEUTRAN *
(tReselectionEutraSfHigh or tReselectionEutraSfMedium)

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Mobility between LTE and LTE inter freqCell Reselection


tReselectionRAT [cont.] General Feature Activation strategy (2/3)
The UE Speed Management is doing by the parameters under
SpeedStateEvalConf and LteNeighboringFreqConf/ LteSpeedDependentConf :
LteSpeedDependentConf::tReselectionEutraSfMedium(sib5) = 0.5
LteSpeedDependentConf::tReselectionEutraSfHigh(sib5) = 0.25
High mobility state criteria
tEvaluation(sib3)

tReselectionEUTRAN

tReselectionEutraSfHigh

During tEvaluation (Tcrmax)

[Nb. Reselections] > nCellChangeHigh (NCR_H)

Medium mobility state criteria


tEvaluation

During tEvaluation (Tcrmax)

2
NCR_M

Normal reselections
tHystNormal
3

tR:0.5s

tReselectionEUTRAN

tReselectionEutraSfMedium

tR:1s

< [Nb. Reselections] < nCellChangeHigh


t
During tHystNormal (TcrmaxHyst)
tReselectionEUTRAN

[Nb. Reselections] < nCellChangeMedium (i.e NCR_M)

t
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tR:2s

Mobility between LTE and HRPD Cell Reselection tReselectionRAT


[cont.] General Feature Activation strategy (3/3)
The UE Speed Management is doing by the parameters under
SpeedStateEvalConf and HRPDNeighboring/ HrpdSpeedDependentConf :
HrpdSpeedDependentConf:: tReselectionHrpdMedium(sib8) = 0.5
HrpdSpeedDependentConf:: tReselectionHrpdSfHigh(sib8) = 0.25
High mobility state criteria
tEvaluation(sib3)

tReselectionCdmaHrpd

tReselectionHrpdSfHigh

tre:0,5s

tReselectionCdmaHrpd

tReselectionHrpdMedium

tre:1s

tReselectionCdmaHrpd

tre:2s

During tEvaluation (Tcrmax)

[Nb. Reselections] > nCellChangeHigh (NCR_H)

Medium mobility state criteria


tEvaluation

During tEvaluation (Tcrmax)

2
NCR_M

Normal reselections
tHystNormal
3

< [Nb. Reselections] < nCellChangeHigh


t
During tHystNormal (TcrmaxHyst)

[Nb. Reselections] < nCellChangeMedium (i.e NCR_M)

t
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UE speed state transition Algorithme

enter High-mobility state.

criteria for High-mobility

Yes

state is detected?

Apply Speed dependent


ScalingFactor for High-mobility state

No
Yes

criteria for Medium-mobility

enter Medium-mobility state.


Apply Speed dependent

state is detected?

ScalingFactor for Medium-mobility state

No
either Medium- or High-mobility state

Normal-mobility state.

is not detected during

no scaling is applied.

time period tHystNormal (TCRmaxHyst)

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Extract from TS 36.304


(procedures for Idle-Mode)
5.2.4

Cell Reselection evaluation process

5.2.4.1

Reselection priorities handling

Absolute priorities of different E-UTRAN frequencies or inter-RAT frequencies may be provided to the UE in the system
information, in the RRCConnectionRelease message, or by inheriting from another RAT at inter-RAT cell (re)selection.
In the case of system information, an E-UTRAN frequency or inter-RAT frequency may be listed without providing a
priority (i.e. the field cellReselectionPriority is absent for that frequency). If priorities are provided in dedicated
signalling, the UE shall ignore all the priorities provided in system information. If UE is in camped on any cell state, UE
shall only apply the priorities provided by system information from current cell, and the UE preserves priorities provided
by dedicated signalling unless specified otherwise. When the UE in camped normally state, has only dedicated priorities
other than for the current frequency, the UE shall consider the current frequency to be the lowest priority frequency
(i.e. lower than the eight network configured values). While the UE is camped on a suitable CSG cell, the UE shall
always consider the current frequency to be the highest priority frequency (i.e. higher than the eight network
configured values), irrespective of any other priority value allocated to this frequency. The UE shall delete priorities
provided by dedicated signalling when:

the UE enters RRC_CONNECTED state; or

the optional validity time of dedicated priorities (T320) expires; or

a PLMN selection is performed on request by NAS [5].

NOTE:

Equal priorities between RATs are not supported.

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