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As per RCC design ( B.C. punmia ) page 184 example 7.

6
DESIGN OF CANTILEVER CHAJJA
A cantilever slab bends down wards, with the result that tension is devloped at
the upper face. Hence reiforcement is provided at upper face, The span of slab is taken equal to
the actual length.or over hang plus half the effective depth If the width of cantilever is long, 1meter
length of the cantilever is taken for the design purpose. However, if the the width of cantilever is
short, whole width may be taken as the width of slab for design purpose.

Name of work :-

DESIGN OF CANTILEVER CHAJJA


pkn

Cear Span

1.25

mtr

1250

mm

Wall width

0.30

mtr

300

mm

Super imposed loads (with finishing)

1800

N/m2 or

1.80

kN/m2

Concrete

M-

20

wt.of concrete

cbc

13.3

Tensile stress

230

N/mm2

30

mm

Steel

fy

415

Assume average thickness

100

mm

Nominal Cover

20

mm

Reinforcement
Main Top bars

mm

300

mm

Distribution bars

mm

300

mm

0.10

25000

mtr

Effective Cover

300
8 mmbars

1250
300

mm c/c
8 mm bars

300

mm c/c
100
mm

150
mm

(A) X - section

pk_nandwana @yahoo.co.in

N/m3

DESIGN OF CANTILEVER CHAJJA


Cear Span
Wall width
Super imposed loads (with finishing)
Assume average thickness
Concrete
M
20
Steel
fy
415 N/mm2
Nominal cover
20 mm
Effective cover
30 mm

1 Design Constants:- For HYSD Bars

st =
cbc =
m

m*c

m*c+st
j=1-k/3
1
0.5
R=1/2xc x j x k

mtr
mtr
N/m2 or Or
mm
Or

Tensile stess

Cocrete M =

230 N/mm2

7
N/mm3
13.33
k=

1.25
0.30
1800
100

1250
300
1.80
0.10

mm
mm
kN/m2
mtr

230 N/mm2

20

wt. of concrete = 25000 N/mm2

13.33
13.33 x

0.289

0.904

7
+

230

= 0.289
= 0.904

x 0.289 =

0.9130

2 Caculcation of B.M. :Dead weight, per m2 =


Super imposed loads (with finishing) =
=
Max. possible
Bending moment

wL2
2

0.10 x

1 x

### =
=
Total weight =

4300 x(
1.25 )2
3359
=
2
.= N m
Vmax. = wL
= 4300 x

2500
1800
4300

3.359 x 10 6
1.25 =

N
N
N
K N-m

5375 N

2 Design of setion :Effective depth


required =

Rxb

3.359 x

10 6

=
61 mm
0.913 x 1000
From stiffness (i.e. deflection) point of view, L/d = 7for a cantilever where L=l+d/2 =
1250 +
50 =
1300 mm say For M20-Fe415 combination p1.lim'=0.44%
=
Hence modification factore for HYSD bars
1.30 mm
7
=
1300 /( 1.30 x 7
Hence d = L/ 1.300 x
143 mm
However, this is a structure of minor importance keep D = 150 mm at the support.

Keeping nominal cover of =


20 mm
mmbars, D = 150
and using
8
20 4
= 126
Reduce D = 100 mm at free end
4 Steel Reiforcement :3.36
x
10 6
BM
=
Ast =
=
128
mm2
230 x
0.904 x 126
sst x j x D
using 8 mm bars
A
= 3.14xdia2
=
3.14 x
8
x 8
4 x100
4
x
100
Nomber of Bars = Ast/A =
128 /
50 = 2.55
say
=
3
Maximum permissble spacing = 3 x d =
3
x 150 =
450 mm
or 300
which ever is smaller.
mm
bar,
@
8
300 mm c/c .
Hence Provided
1000 x 50.2
Actual Ast=
= 167 mm2
300

mm

= 50.2
No.
mm

pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

5 Embeded of reinforcement in supports.:In order to devlopfull tensile strength at face of support, each bars should be embeded
into support by a length equal to Ld = 45 =
360 mm.
45 x
8 =
This could be best achieved by providing one bend of 90 0 where anchor value of this bend=8
=
=

8
300

x
-

450

>

8
20
Ld

=
+

64
64

mm. Thus total anchorage achieved value


+( 150 - 2.00 x 20 4 )'= 450

Ld

Hence O.K.

360

6 Check for shear :Neglecting the taper and taking an average d=(

5375

b =

1000 mm

150 +
2

100 )-

d =

105 mm

20 =

105

V
5375
=
= 0.051 N/mm2
bxd
1000 x
105
Permissible value of tc =
0.18 x 1.30 = 0.234 N/mm2
For M 20 grade concrete and
100 x
167
100Ast
p'
=
=
= 0.16 %
1000 x 105
bd
Hence from Table permissible shear (tc)for M 20 concrete, for
0.16 % steel = 0.18 N/mm2
tc
tv
<
Hence safe
here

tv

7 Distribution reinforcement:Asd =
0.12

Avrage depth = 125 mm


0.12 x 1000 x
D
=
= 1.20 D
100
"= 1.20
= 150 mm
3.14 x
8
x
8
Using 8
mm bars each having
=
= 50.2
4
x
100
### x As
1000 x 50.2 =
335 mm
pitch s=
=
Asd
150

However, provied these


7 Details of reinforcement:-

x bxD
100
x
125

300 mm c/c .

Shown in drawing

mm2

pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

K N-m

p1.lim'=0.44%

mm2

be embeded

mm

mm

Name of work :-

pkn

wall width
300

1250
mm bars @ 300 C/C

mm bars @ 300 C/C

100
150

VALUES OF DESIGN CONSTANTS


Grade of concrete
Modular Ratio

M-15
18.67

M-20
13.33

M-25
10.98

M-30
9.33

M-35
8.11

M-40
7.18

cbc N/mm2
m cbc

8.5

10

11.5

13

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

kc

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

jc

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

Rc

0.867

1.214

1.474

1.734

1.994

2.254

Pc (%)

0.714

1.214

1.429

1.643

1.857

Grade of
concrete

kc

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

M 15

(a) st =
140
N/mm2
(Fe 250)
(b) st =
190
N/mm2
(c ) st =
230
N/mm2
(Fe 415)
(d) st =
275
N/mm2
(Fe 500)

Grade of concrete
bd (N / mm2

jc

0.89

0.89

0.89

0.89

0.89

0.89

M 20

Rc

0.732

1.025

1.244

1.464

1.684

1.903

M 25

Pc (%)

0.433

0.606

0.736

0.866

0.997

1.127

M 30

kc

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

M 35

jc

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

M 40

Rc

0.653

0.914

1.11

1.306

1.502

1.698

M 45

Pc (%)

0.314

0.44

0.534

0.628

0.722

0.816

M 50

kc

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

jc

0.916

0.916

0.916

0.914

0.916

0.916

Rc

0.579

0.811

0.985

1.159

1.332

1.506

Pc (%)

0.23

0.322

0.391

0.46

0.53

0.599

Permissible shear stress Table v in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


100As
bd
< 0.15
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00 and above

M-15
0.18
0.22
0.29
0.34
0.37
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44

Permissible shear stress in concrete


M-20
M-25
M-30
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.46
0.48
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.49
0.51
0.53
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.51
0.55
0.57
0.51
0.56
0.58
0.51
0.57
0.6

tv N/mm2
M-35
0.2
0.23
0.31
0.37
0.42
0.45
0.49
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.62

M-40
0.2
0.23
0.32
0.38
0.42
0.46
0.49
0.52
0.55
0.57
0.60
0.62
0.63

Maximum shear stress c.max in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of concrete

c.max

M-15
1.6

M-20
1.8

M-25
1.9

M-30
2.2

M-35
2.3

M-40
2.5

Grade of
concrete
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M

10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

Shear stress tc
100As
bd
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.3
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.4
0.41
0.42
0.43
0.44
0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.5
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.59

M-20
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.24
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.29
0.29
0.29
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31

Reiforcement %
100As
M-20
bd
0.18
0.15
0.19
0.18
0.2
0.21
0.21
0.24
0.22
0.27
0.23
0.3
0.24
0.32
0.25
0.35
0.26
0.38
0.27
0.41
0.28
0.44
0.29
0.47
0.30
0.5
0.31
0.55
0.32
0.6
0.33
0.65
0.34
0.7
0.35
0.75
0.36
0.82
0.37
0.88
0.38
0.94
0.39
1.00
0.4
1.08
0.41
1.16
0.42
1.25
0.43
1.33
0.44
1.41
0.45
1.50
0.46
1.63
0.46
1.64
0.47
1.75
0.48
1.88
0.49
2.00
0.50
2.13
0.51
2.25

0.6
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.7
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.8
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.9
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00
1.01
1.02
1.03
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.10

0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.32
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.33
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.36
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.37
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.4
0.4
0.4

1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.20
1.21
1.22
1.23
1.24
1.25
1.26
1.27
1.28
1.29
1.30
1.31
1.32
1.33
1.34
1.35
1.36
1.37
1.38
1.39
1.40
1.41
1.42
1.43
1.44
1.45
1.46
1.47
1.48
1.49
1.50
1.51
1.52
1.53
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.57
1.58
1.59
1.60
1.61

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.45

1.62
1.63
1.64
1.65
1.66
1.67
1.68
1.69
1.70
1.71
1.72
1.73
1.74
1.75
1.76
1.77
1.78
1.79
1.80
1.81
1.82
1.83
1.84
1.85
1.86
1.87
1.88
1.89
1.90
1.91
1.92
1.93
1.94
1.95
1.96
1.97
1.98
1.99
2.00
2.01
2.02
2.03
2.04
2.05
2.06
2.07
2.08
2.09
2.10
2.11
2.12

0.45
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.47
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.20
2.21
2.22
2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29
2.30
2.31
2.32
2.33
2.34
2.35
2.36
2.37
2.38
2.39
2.40
2.41
2.42
2.43
2.44
2.45
2.46
2.47
2.48
2.49
2.50
2.51
2.52
2.53
2.54
2.55
2.56
2.57
2.58
2.59
2.60
2.61
2.62
2.63

0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51

2.64
2.65
2.66
2.67
2.68
2.69
2.70
2.71
2.72
2.73
2.74
2.75
2.76
2.77
2.78
2.79
2.80
2.81
2.82
2.83
2.84
2.85
2.86
2.87
2.88
2.89
2.90
2.91
2.92
2.93
2.94
2.95
2.96
2.97
2.98
2.99
3.00
3.01
3.02
3.03
3.04
3.05
3.06
3.07
3.08
3.09
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14

0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.51

3.15

0.51

Permissible Bond stress Table bd in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


M-10
--

M-15
0.6

M-20
0.8

M-25
0.9

M-30
1

M-35
1.1

M-40
1.2

M-45
1.3

Development Length in tension


Plain M.S. Bars

H.Y.S.D. Bars

bd (N / mm2)

kd = Ld

bd (N / mm2)

kd = Ld

0.6

58

0.96

60

0.8

44

1.28

45

0.9

39

1.44

40

35

1.6

36

1.1

32

1.76

33

1.2

29

1.92

30

1.3

27

2.08

28

1.4

25

2.24

26

Permissible stress in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Permission stress in compression (N/mm2) Permissible stress in bond (Average) for
plain bars in tention (N/mm2)
Bending cbc
Direct (cc)
(N/mm2)
(N/mm2)
in kg/m2
Kg/m2 (N/mm2)
Kg/m2
--3.0
300
2.5
250
5.0
500
4.0
400
0.6
60
7.0
700
5.0
500
0.8
80
8.5
850
6.0
600
0.9
90
10.0
1000
8.0
800
1.0
100
11.5
1150
9.0
900
1.1
110
13.0
1300
10.0
1000
1.2
120
14.5
1450
11.0
1100
1.3
130
16.0
12.0
1.4
1600
1200
140

M-50
1.4