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COURSE NAME

HYDROLOGY AND HYDRAULICS

COURSE CODE

CIVL342

CREDIT

3 (3+0)

CONTACT HOURS

3 x 1 hour of lectures per week

PREREQUISITE

CIVL213,MATH212

At the end of this course, students are able to:

LEARNING
OUTCOMES

SYNOPSIS

1.

measure and compute the areal rainfall.

2.

derive the unit hydrograph.

3.

use various flood routing methods.

4.

explain the characteristics of open channel flow

5.

use appropriate equations to compute uniform flows

6.

analyze rapidly varied flows and compute water


surface profiles in gradually varied flows

7.

determine the dimensions of culverts and weirs

8.

use scale models to study hydraulic phenomena

This course covers components and processes of natural


hydrologic systems, runoff and hydrograph analysis, flood
routing and design flood, ground water, characteristics of open
channel flows, design of water supply and storm water
drainage and hydraulic structures..

1.

CONTENTS
LECTURES

Components and Processes of natural


hydrologic systems

(6 hour)

Hydrologic cycle, world water balance, applications of


hydrology in engineering, forms of rainfall, rainfall
measurement, computation of areal rainfall, storm
frequency and duration analysis, infiltration process and
its measurement, evaporation process and its estimation,
transpiration and evapotranspiration.

2.

Runoff and Hydrograph analysis

(6 hours)

Components of runoff, factors affecting runoff, rainfallrunoff relationships, flow-duration curve and flow-mass
curve. Features of hydrograph, hydrograph separation,
derivation of unit hydrograph, use and application of unit
hydrograph.

3.

Flood routing and design flood

(4 hours)

Introduction, reservoir routing and channel routing.


Introduction to design flood, increasing the observed
flood, envelope curves, rational methods and flood
frequency analysis.

4.

Ground water

(5 hours)

Introduction, occurrence of groundwater, aquifer


parameters, groundwater movement, steady and
unsteady flow to wells in confined and unconfined aquifer,
groundwater exploration and safe yield. Introduction to
aflaj system in Oman.

5.

Characteristics of Open channel flows

(9 hours)

Definitions and classification of flows. Computation of


uniform flows using Mannings equation and design of
open channel for uniform flows. Specific energy, critical
flows, effects of hump and channel constriction and
hydraulic jump in rectangular channel. Computation of
gradually varied flows using direct step method.

6.

Design of Water Supply System

(6 hours)

Water intake, water treatment internal system, service


reservoir, distribution system, and the use of appropriate
software to design water distribution system.

7.

Design of Storm water Drainage &


Retention/Detention Facilities

(6 hours)

Storm water quantity, storm water drainage using open


and piped systems, appurtenances, storm water
retention/detention for quantity and quality control, and
the use of appropriate software to design storm water
drainage system and retention/detention system.

8.

Hydraulic Structures

(3 hours)

Hydraulic considerations and design aspects of bridges,


culverts, sharp crested and broad crested weirs, dams,
regulators, spill ways and aqueducts.

TOTAL

ASSESSMENTS

REFERENCES
1.

(45 hours)

Course Works

60 %

Final Examination

40 %

:
Chadwick, A., Morfett, J. and Borthwick, M., Hydraulics in Civil and
Environmental Engineering (4th Edition), Taylor & Francis, London,
2004.

2.

Chanson, H., The Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow, Arnold, London,


1999.

3.

Mays, L.W., Water Resources Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, New
York, 2001.

4.

Roberson, J.A., Cassidy, J. and Chaudhry, M.H., Hydraulic Engineering


(2th Edition), John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1998.

5.

Sturm, T.W., Open Channel Hydraulics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2002.

6.

Subramanyam., Flow in Open channels, TMH publications, India.

7.

Jayarami reddy., A textbook of hydrology, University science press,


India,2008.