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ENGLISH- UNIT 5 > TEEN PROBLEMS

VOCABULARY
Relationships (relaes)
Responsability (responsabilidade)
Alcohol (lcool)
Drugs (drogas)
Peer Pressure (Presso dos pares (colegas))
Independence (independncia)
Conflit (conflitos)
Trust (confiana)

FEELINGS AND EMOTIONS


Angry (zangado)
Bored (aborrecido)
Depressed (deprimido)
Disappointed (decepcionado)
Down (para baixo/desanimado/ triste)
Embarrassed (envergonhado)
Envious (invejoso)
Excited (entusiasmado)
Fantastic (fantstico)
Fed up (farto/cheio/no aguentar mais/ a
ponto de explodir)
Guilty (culpado)

Honest (honesto)
In a bad mood (de mau humor)
In a good mood (de bom humor)
Jealous (cimes)
Mature (Maduro/ cuidadoso)
Nervous (nervoso)
Patient (paciente)
Relaxed (descontrado)
Tired (cansado)
Sincere (sincero)
Upset (transtornado)
Worry (preocupar-se)

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE


O past perfect simple forma-se com had+particpio passado.
I had read my emails.
She had seen the film.
They had enjoyed their holiday.
USO
Usa-se o past perfect simple para falar de coisas que aconteceram (ou no aconteceram) antes de
outros acontecimentos passados.
We had just eaten a sandwich when you arrived.
When they got to the station, the train had already left.
She hadn't met Tom before she visited him in London.
PAST PERFECT: had (not) + past participle
Affirmative
The phone rang after I had gone (I'd gone) to bed.
Negative
We were late but the film hadn't started.
Questions
Had they been there before?
Short answers
Yes, we had./ No, she hadn't.

REPORTED SPEECH

Statements
Ao passar do discurso directo pata o indirecto h as seguintes alteraes:
DIRECT SPEECH

REPORTED SPEECH

VERB TENSES CHANGES


Present simple
I live in Guarda.

Past simple
She said (that) she lived in Guarda.

Past simple
I chose a blue skirt.

Past perfect
She said she had chosen a blue skirt.

Present continous
She's doing it.

Past continous
She said (that) she was doing it.

Present perfect
They haven't seen it.

Past perfect
Shae said (that) they hadn't seen it.

Will
I'll be there.

Would.
He said (that) he would be there.

Can
You can come.

Could
We said (that) you could come.

TIME PHRASE CHANGES


Today/ tonight
I'll do it sometime today.

That day/ night


He said he'd do it sometime that day.

This (morning)
It arrived this morning.

That (morning)
She said the letter had arrived that morning.

Tomorrow
I may be late tomorrow.

The next day


She said she might be late the next day.

Yesterday
I wasn't at school yesterday.

The day before


He said he hadn't been at school the day before.

Last (week)
They went away last week.

The (week) before


He said they had gone away the week before.

Next (week)
She's coming back next week.

The following week


He said she was coming back the following
week.

PLACE CHANGES
Here
I put it here on the shelf.

There
He said he had put it there on the shelf.

This
I know this place well.

The/ that
He said he knew the/that place before.

Se o verbo que introduz o discurso indirecto estiver no presente, no h alteraes nos


tempos verbais.
She says that she lives in Ohio.
Se estiver no passado, alteram-se os tempos verbais (ver quadro anterior).
She says that she lived in Ohio.

Questions
Quando se relatam perguntas no discurso indirecto, podem usar-se os verbos ask
(perguntar), want to know (querer saber), wonder (interrogar-se), not know (no saber).
Where's my bike?
He asked us/ wanted to know/ wondered/ didn't know where his bike was.
As frases interrogativas indirectas, cuja resposta seria yes/no, comeam com if ou wether.
Are you hungry?
She wanted to know if/wether we were hungry.
As alteraes nos tempos verbais so idnticas nas frases afirmativas e interrogativas.
SAY/TELL
These verbs are often confused. Learn the rule:
He said me that he was fine. (Say does not take an indirect object.)
He told me he was fine. (Tell takes an indirect object.)