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Mr. Silimperi


Council Rock High School South


AP Psychology

Chapter 7 Drugs

Psychoactive drugs => chemical substance which alters perceptions and moods Tolerance –diminishing effect with regular use, requires user to take larger doses Withdrawal – discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of drug Physical dependence vs. psychological dependence







Distort perceptions

Calm neural activity

Excites neural activity

Evokes sensory images w/ out sensory input

Slow bodily functions

Arouse bodily functions


EX: barbiturates (tranquilizers) Opiates (morphine / heroin), alcohol


caffeine, nicotine,

EX: marijuana (THC), PCP, LSD

amphetamines, COCAINE

Increases harmful tendencies

Increase heart/ breathing rates

Mood/ expectations color experience

Urges you feel when sober are the ones you are MORE LIKELY to act upon when intoxicated

Pupils dilate Appetite diminishes

Relaxes, disinhibits, euphoric high

Slows sympathetic nervous system

Increase in energy and self confidence

Therapeutic => pain reducer

Slow reaction time

Cocaine=>15-30 minute rush; then comes “downer”

Impairs motor coordination, perceptual skills, slows reaction time

Slurred speech


of factors (expectations)

Disrupts memory formation, impairs recall

Skilled performance decreases


THC = stays in system longer

Memory=> disrupts processing of recent experiences into LTM


May achieve high w/ smaller amounts

Inability to transfer memories from the intoxicated state to sober state


Depresses male sex hormone, sperm levels, damage to lungs

Suppresses REM Sleep


Reduces self awareness


User’s expectations


Flood of artificial opiates, brain stops producing its own (endorphins)


**ALL trigger negative aftereffects that offset immediate positive effects. EMOTIONS tend to produce opposing emotions which linger after the original emotions disappear. Opposing emotions will grow stronger. => TOLERANCE…Withdrawal.