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Mr. Silimperi

Name:

Council Rock High School South

Date:

AP Psychology

Chapter 7 Drugs

Psychoactive drugs => chemical substance which alters perceptions and moods Tolerance –diminishing effect with regular use, requires user to take larger doses Withdrawal – discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of drug Physical dependence vs. psychological dependence

Depressants

 

Stimulants

Hallucinogens

Downers

Uppers

Distort perceptions

Calm neural activity

Excites neural activity

Evokes sensory images w/ out sensory input

Slow bodily functions

Arouse bodily functions

Psychedelics

EX: barbiturates (tranquilizers) Opiates (morphine / heroin), alcohol

EX:

caffeine, nicotine,

EX: marijuana (THC), PCP, LSD

amphetamines, COCAINE

Increases harmful tendencies

Increase heart/ breathing rates

Mood/ expectations color experience

Urges you feel when sober are the ones you are MORE LIKELY to act upon when intoxicated

Pupils dilate Appetite diminishes

Relaxes, disinhibits, euphoric high

Slows sympathetic nervous system

Increase in energy and self confidence

Therapeutic => pain reducer

Slow reaction time

Cocaine=>15-30 minute rush; then comes “downer”

Impairs motor coordination, perceptual skills, slows reaction time

Slurred speech

MIX

of factors (expectations)

Disrupts memory formation, impairs recall

Skilled performance decreases

 

THC = stays in system longer

Memory=> disrupts processing of recent experiences into LTM

 

May achieve high w/ smaller amounts

Inability to transfer memories from the intoxicated state to sober state

 

Depresses male sex hormone, sperm levels, damage to lungs

Suppresses REM Sleep

   

Reduces self awareness

   

User’s expectations

   

Flood of artificial opiates, brain stops producing its own (endorphins)

   

**ALL trigger negative aftereffects that offset immediate positive effects. EMOTIONS tend to produce opposing emotions which linger after the original emotions disappear. Opposing emotions will grow stronger. => TOLERANCE…Withdrawal.