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# Conversions

## 1 centimeter (cm) = 10 millimeters (mm)

1 cubic centimeter (cc) = 1 milliliter
(mL)
1 cup (c) = 8 ounces (oz)
1 gallon (gal) = 4 quarts (qt)
1 grain (gr) = 64.8 milligrams (mg)
1 gram (g) = 1,000 milligrams (mg)
1 gram (g) = 1,000,000 micrograms
(mcg)
1 gram (g) = 15.43 grains (gr)
1 inch (in) = 2.54 centimeters (cm)
1 kilogram (kg) = 1,000 grams (g)
1 kilogram (kg) = 2.2 pounds (lb)
1 liter (L) = 1000 milliliters (mL)
1 liter (L) = 1.057 quarts (qt)
1 meter (m) = 1,000 millimeters (mm)
1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters (cm)
1 milligram (mg) = 1,000 micrograms
(mcg)
1 milliliter (mL) = 1 cubic centimeter
(cc)
1 milliliter (mL) = 15 drops (gt)
1 milliliter (mL) = 16.23 minims
1 minim = 1 drop (gt)
1 ounce (fl oz) = 2 tablespoons (tbsp)
1 ounce (oz) = 31.1 grams (g)
1 ounce (oz) = 480 grains (gr)
1 ounce (oz) = 8 drams (dr)

## 1 ounce, fluid (fl oz) = 29.57 milliliters

(mL)
1 pint (pt) = 16 ounces (oz)
1 pint (pt) = 4 gills
1 pound (lb) = 16 ounces (oz)
1 quart (qt) = 0.946 liters (L)
1 quart (qt) = 2 pints (pt)
1 tablespoon (tbsp) = 3 teaspoons (tsp)
1 teaspoon (tsp) = 60 drops (gtt)
1 teaspoon (tsp) = 4.93 mL

mEq = milliquivalents
mg = milligrams
mL = milliliters
mm = millimeters
oz = ounce
pt = pint
qt = quart
tbsp = tablespoons
tsp = teaspoons
U = unit

Units of Measure

Other Abbreviations

c = cup
cc = cubic centimeters
cm = centimeters
dr = drams
dss = 2 teaspoons
fl = fluid
ft = foot
g = grams
gal = gallon
gr = grains
gt = drop
gtt = drops
in = inches
kg = kilograms
L = liters
lb = pound
m = meters
mcg = micrograms

a = before (ante)
ABG = arterial blood gas
ABT = antibiotic therapy
ac = before meals (ante cibum)
AD = right ear (auricula dexter)
am = before noon (ante meridian)
aq = water
AS = left ear (auricula sinister)
AU = both ears (auriculi utro)
bid = twice a day
BP = blood pressure
BUN = blood urine nitrogen
c = with
cap = capsule

## CAD = coronary artery disease

CAT = computerized axial tomography
CBC = complete blod count
CF = cystic fibrosis
CHF = congestive heart failure
CNS = central nervous system
CO = cardiac output
COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease
CPK = creatinine phosphokinase
CSF = cerebrospinal fluid
CVA = cerebrovascular accident
CVP = central venous pressure
EC = enteric coated
ECG = electrocardiogram
EEG = electroencephalogram
elix = elixir
ext = extract
GFR glomerulofiltration rate
GT = gastrostomy
h = hour
hct = hematocrit
hgb = hemoglobin
hs = hour of sleep, bedtime (2100)
ICP = intracranial pressure
IM = intramuscular
IV = intravenous
IVP = intravenous push/pyelogram

## IVPB = intravenous piggyback

KVO = keep vein open
MI = myocardial infarction
NG = nasogastric
NJ = nasojejunal
NPO = nothing by mouth
NS = normal saline
OD = right eye (oculus dexter)
oint = ointment
OTC = over the counter
OS = left eye (oculus sinister)
OU = both eyes (oculo utro)
p = after (post)
pc = after meals (post cibum)
per = by
pm = after noon (post meridian)
po = by mouth (per os)
pr = per rectal
prn = whenever necessary
PT = prothrombin time
PTT = partial prothrombin time
q = every
q1h = every 1 hour
q2h = every 2 hours
q3h = every 3 hours
q4h = every 4 hours
q6h = every 6 hours
q8h = every 8 hours
qd = every day

qh = every hour
qid = four times a day
qod = every other day
qs = quantity sufficient
RBC = red blood count
ROM = range of motion
s = without
sc = subcutaneous
sl = sublingual
sol = solution
sq = subcutaneous
SR = sustained release
ss = one half
S/S = signs and symptoms
stat = immediately
supp = suppository
susp = suspension
syr = syrup
tab = tablet
tid = three times a day
TO = telephone order
tr = tincture
ung = ointment
UTI = urinary tract infection
VO = verbal order
VS = vital signs
WBC = white blood count
WNL = within normal limits