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1.

Analyse the American occupation of the Philippines in terms of their contribution


Economics

Socio-cultural

Infrastructure

Negative
Agriculture became
export-oriented
agriculture and
industry importdependent
Philippine producers
concentrated on few
specialized exports
Filipinos developed a
liking for stateside
things which
strengthened colonial
mentality
Free Trade made
Philippines dependent
on US
Colonial Mentality
Partial loss of racial
heritage
Embrace of the idea of
American materialism
Materials, tools,
equipment, cars, motor
vehicles and gasoline
were imported from US
thus Philippines was a
profitable market for
American business.

Positive
Establishment of Free
Trade
Developed industries
such as textile, cigar
and mining
Putting up of sugar
centrals, cordage,
fishing and fishcanning factories,
distilleries and coconut
mills

Introduction of English

They built roads,


harbors, bridges,
irrigation and a modern
transportation and
electric system
More telephones,
telegraph lines, radio
linked towns and cities
Improved postal
service
Established hospitals,
leprosaria and
dispensaries
Establishment of
secularized and free
public school system

2. Analyse the Japanese occupation of the Philippines in terms of their contribution

Economics

Socio-cultural

Infrastructure

Negative
Scarcity of food
Limited Production
Lessened economic
activities
Decline in rise
production
Vindictive Filipinos
Commission of
atrocities
Sex Slaves
Weapons became
available
Breakdown of old
social-elite class

Positive
Liberation of Filipinos
from the Americans

Introduction of
Nipponggo

3. Trace the Presidents of the Philippines and describe their contributions to


Philippine development in terms of significant law and outstanding programs under
their leadership.
President
Manuel Roxas

Year
1946 - 1948

Elpidio Quirino

1948 - 1953

Significant contribution
Illegal existence of
Huks
General amnesty for
guerrillas
Opened Mindanao for
agricultural expansion
Agricultural Tenancy
Act
Agreements with the
US: The Military Bases
Agreement, Military
Assistance Act & Treaty
of General Relations
Bell Trade Relations Act
Tydings Rehabilitation
Act
Amnesty to Huk and
PKM
Anti-Huk campaign
Social Amelioration
Commission / the
Presidents Action
Committee on Social

Ramon Magsaysay

1953 - 1957

Carlos Garcia

1957 - 1961

Diosdado Macapagal

1962 - 1965

Amelioration
First UN War
Mutual Defence Treaty
Foreign exchange
controls
land for the landless
Drive against
dissidents
Containing communist
expansion
Sponsored SEATO
Laurel-Langley
Agreement
Participation on
Bandung Conference of
non-aligned Afro-Asian
States
Filipino First Policy
equal impetus to
agriculture and
industry
Anti-Subversion Law
Japanese Reparation
Treaty
ASA
sovereign equality
Decontrol, free
enterprise and an open
door policy to foreign
investors
Restoration of
economic stability,
improvement of
conditions of the
common people by
providing employment
opportunities
Agrarian Reform Code
Independence Day
from July 4 to June 12
Filed claims to Sabah
Establishment of

Ferdinand Marcos

1965 - 1986

MAPHILINDO
Implement land reform
program
Mailed-fist policy and
socio-economic
program
Hosted Manila Summit
Recognition of
Singapore
Renewed claim of
Sabah
Joined ASEAN
Decleration of Martial
Law