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S11 Brake System
S11 Brake System
S11 Brake System
S11 Brake System
S11 Brake System Introduction Right brake lamp ABS warning lamp Left brake lamp ABS control
S11 Brake System Introduction
Right brake lamp
ABS warning lamp
Left brake lamp
ABS control module
ABS master
cylinder
Vacuum booster
Brake lamp switch
Left rear wheel speed sensor
ABS electronic
control module
Brake switch
ABS hydraulic
control unit
ABS wheel speed sensor
rear wheel speed sensor ABS electronic control module Brake switch ABS hydraulic control unit ABS wheel
Composition of Ordinary Brake System
Composition of Ordinary Brake System
Composition of Ordinary Brake System Parking brake control lever Brake booster Brake pedal Disc brake Proportioning
Parking brake control lever Brake booster Brake pedal Disc brake Proportioning valve Brake master cylinder
Parking brake control lever
Brake booster
Brake pedal
Disc brake
Proportioning valve
Brake master cylinder
Parking brake cable
Disc brake
Brake Booster 1. 2. Usually, the brake booster can increase the braking force two to
Brake Booster 1. 2.
Brake Booster
1.
2.

Usually, the brake booster can increase the braking force two to four times. Brake booster's performance varies with the actual atmospheric pressure, vacuum degree and its active area. The bigger its active area is, the stronger its boosting force is.

Brake Booster not in Braking Vacuum Constant-pressure chamber - chamber B Cylinder sleeve To brake
Brake Booster not in Braking Vacuum Constant-pressure chamber - chamber B Cylinder sleeve To brake
Brake Booster not in Braking
Vacuum
Constant-pressure chamber
- chamber B
Cylinder sleeve
To brake
wheel
F
b =F a
cylinder
Valve
Brake master cylinder
Spring
Piston

Variable-pressure chamber - chamber A

Relationship between F b + F s and F a

F s pushes the piston to the right.

Brake Booster in Braking Vacuum Relationship between F b + F s and F a
Brake Booster in Braking Vacuum Relationship between F b + F s and F a
Brake Booster in Braking
Vacuum
Relationship
between F b + F s
and F a
F b + F s < F a
F a pushes the
piston to the right
Air
Hydraulic
pressure
Brake master cylinder
Valve
Valve
Brake Booster Structure
Brake Booster Structure
Brake Booster Structure Constant-pressure chamber Diaphragm Power piston Vacuum Check valve Reaction disc Valve body
Constant-pressure chamber Diaphragm Power piston Vacuum Check valve Reaction disc Valve body Air Valve control
Constant-pressure chamber
Diaphragm
Power piston
Vacuum
Check valve
Reaction disc
Valve body
Air
Valve control
lever
Brake master
Air filter
cylinder
Push rod
Booster housing
sealing member
Booster
housing
Diaphragm spring
Booster housing
sealing member
Variable-pressure chamber
1. Brake Booster not in Braking Opened vacuum valve & control valve A is connected
1. Brake Booster not in Braking
Opened vacuum
valve & control
valve
A is connected
with B
Piston Vacuum valve (opened) Passage A Control valve Control valve spring Constant pressure Valve body
Piston
Vacuum valve (opened)
Passage A
Control valve
Control valve spring
Constant
pressure
Valve body
chamber
Air valve
(closed)
Valve control lever
Passage B
Air filter element
Air valve return spring
Variable pressure chamber
When not in braking
control lever Passage B Air filter element Air valve return spring Variable pressure chamber When not
2. Brake Booster in Braking Closed vacuum valve & control valve A is not connected
2. Brake Booster in Braking
Closed vacuum
valve & control
valve
A is not connected
with B
B is connected
with C
Piston Control valve Constant pressure chamber Air Booster push rod Air valve (opened) Reaction disc
Piston
Control valve
Constant
pressure
chamber
Air
Booster
push rod
Air valve
(opened)
Reaction disc
Air filter element
Passage B
C
Variable pressure chamber
When not in braking
rod Air valve (opened) Reaction disc Air filter element Passage B C Variable pressure chamber When
3. Brake Booster in the Retained Position
3. Brake Booster in the Retained Position
3. Brake Booster in the Retained Position Piston Vacuum valve (closed) Control valve Control valve spring
Piston Vacuum valve (closed) Control valve Control valve spring Constant pressure chamber Stop Air valve
Piston
Vacuum valve (closed)
Control valve
Control valve spring
Constant
pressure
chamber
Stop
Air valve
(closed)
Valve control lever
Variable pressure chamber
When in the retained position (brake force)

Closed vacuum valve & control valve

A is not connected with B or C

4. Brake Booster in the Released Position
4. Brake Booster in the Released Position
4. Brake Booster in the Released Position Piston Vacuum valve (opened) Passage A Control valve Air
Piston Vacuum valve (opened) Passage A Control valve Air valve (closed) Valve control lever Passage
Piston
Vacuum valve (opened)
Passage A
Control valve
Air valve
(closed)
Valve control lever
Passage B
Air valve return spring
Variable pressure chamber
When in the released position (brake)

Opened vacuum valve & control valve

A is connected with B and C

Purpose of Brake Master Cylinder Brake master cylinder Brake pedal Front/rear brakes Drum brake
Purpose of Brake Master Cylinder
Brake master cylinder
Brake pedal
Front/rear brakes
Drum brake
Purpose of Brake Master Cylinder Brake master cylinder Brake pedal Front/rear brakes Drum brake
Purpose of Brake Master Cylinder Brake master cylinder Brake pedal Front/rear brakes Drum brake
Brake Master Cylinder Structure Reservoir Liquid lever sensor RF/LR brake cylinders RR/LF brake cylinders Rubber
Brake Master Cylinder Structure Reservoir Liquid lever sensor RF/LR brake cylinders RR/LF brake cylinders Rubber
Brake Master Cylinder Structure
Reservoir
Liquid lever sensor
RF/LR brake cylinders
RR/LF brake cylinders
Rubber piston cup
Second piston
Primary piston
Tandem brake master cylinder
Tandem brake master cylinder
1. Brake Master Cylinder not in Braking Compensating port Secondary return spring Inlet port Primary
1. Brake Master Cylinder not in Braking Compensating port Secondary return spring Inlet port Primary
1. Brake Master Cylinder not in Braking
Compensating port
Secondary return spring
Inlet port
Primary return spring
Primary piston cup
Stopper bolt
Secondary piston cup
When not in braking

Piston cup is located between inlet port and compensating port

2. Brake Master Cylinder in Braking Piston cup 进油孔 Both inlet port and compensating port
2. Brake Master Cylinder in Braking Piston cup 进油孔 Both inlet port and compensating port
2. Brake Master Cylinder in Braking
Piston cup
进油孔
Both inlet port
and
compensating
port are closed
with the oil
pressure
increased
Secondary piston
Primary piston
When in braking
Compensating port Inlet port
Compensating port
Inlet port
3. Brake Master Cylinder when Released (1) Orifice Inlet port The orifice in the piston
3. Brake Master Cylinder when Released (1) Orifice Inlet port The orifice in the piston
3. Brake Master Cylinder when Released (1)
Orifice
Inlet port
The orifice in the
piston is opened
and the brake
fluid flows back
to the piston-cup
side
Piston cup
When brake pedal is released (1)
When brake pedal is released (1)
4. Brake Master Cylinder when Released (2) Compensating port The compensating port allows surplus fluid
4. Brake Master Cylinder when Released (2)
Compensating port
The
compensating
port allows
surplus fluid to
flow back to
the reservoir
When brake pedal is released (2)
port The compensating port allows surplus fluid to flow back to the reservoir When brake pedal
port The compensating port allows surplus fluid to flow back to the reservoir When brake pedal
5. Rear-end Leakage In contact Secondary piston Primary piston Rear-end leakage
5. Rear-end Leakage
In contact
Secondary piston
Primary piston
Rear-end leakage
5. Rear-end Leakage In contact Secondary piston Primary piston Rear-end leakage
5. Rear-end Leakage In contact Secondary piston Primary piston Rear-end leakage
6. Front-end Leakage Piston contacts cylinder wall Secondary piston Primary piston Front-end leakage
6. Front-end Leakage
Piston contacts cylinder wall
Secondary piston
Primary piston
Front-end leakage
6. Front-end Leakage Piston contacts cylinder wall Secondary piston Primary piston Front-end leakage
Proportioning Valve
Proportioning Valve
Proportioning Valve Proportioning valve
Proportioning valve
Proportioning valve
Importance of Proportioning Valve 1. Loads on front and rear wheels are different The front
Importance of Proportioning Valve
1. Loads on front and rear wheels are different
The front wheels of the vehicle bear more of the vehicle weight than its rear wheels. In
addition, its center of gravity will move forward when in braking, resulting in increased
load on front wheels and reduced load on rear wheels. The bigger the braking force is, the
more obvious this change is.
2. The risk of too early locking of rear wheels
When in braking, the load on rear wheels is light, and this causes them to be easily locked
too early, thereby resulting in lateral sway of the vehicle body's rear half.
3. Measure to prevent the above problem from happening
Proportioning valve: to automatically reduce hydraulic pressures delivered from brake
master cylinder to rear-wheel brake wheel cylinders. Pressure reduction is in proportion to
the stepping force on the brake pedal.
to rear-wheel brake wheel cylinders. Pressure reduction is in proportion to the stepping force on the
Requirements on Rear-wheel Brake Force Bifurcation point Pressure in brake master cylinder Pressure in rear
Requirements on Rear-wheel Brake Force
Bifurcation point
Pressure in brake master cylinder
Pressure in rear brake wheel cylinder
Proportioning Valve
Proportioning Valve
Proportioning Valve RF wheel LF wheel RF wheel RR wheel
Proportioning Valve RF wheel LF wheel RF wheel RR wheel

RF wheel

LF wheel

RF wheel

RR wheel

Working Principle of Proportioning Valve — When the Pressure is zero Proportioning valve Piston Control
Working Principle of Proportioning Valve
— When the Pressure is zero
Proportioning
valve
Piston
Control valve
Spring
Rear
Principle of Proportioning Valve — When the Pressure is zero Proportioning valve Piston Control valve Spring
Working Principle of Proportioning Valve — When the Pressure is Low Piston Small area Large
Working Principle of Proportioning Valve
— When the Pressure is Low
Piston
Small area
Large area
F
a +F s =F b
Piston
Spring
Chamber A side
Chamber B side
Working Principle of Proportioning Valve — When the Pressure is high F a +F s
Working Principle of Proportioning Valve
— When the Pressure is high
F a +F s <F b
When the pressure is
higher than some point,
the difference between
chambers A and B will
overcome the spring's
elastic force to make
the piston move until
the port C is closed.
chambers A and B will overcome the spring's elastic force to make the piston move until
chambers A and B will overcome the spring's elastic force to make the piston move until
1.When the Braking Pressure is Low From brake master cylinder Cylinder cup Piston To rear-wheel
1.When the Braking Pressure is Low
From brake master cylinder
Cylinder cup
Piston
To rear-wheel brake wheel cylinders
Spring
the Braking Pressure is Low From brake master cylinder Cylinder cup Piston To rear-wheel brake wheel
the Braking Pressure is Low From brake master cylinder Cylinder cup Piston To rear-wheel brake wheel
2.When the Braking Pressure is High In contact Piston
2.When the Braking Pressure is High
In contact
Piston
2.When the Braking Pressure is High In contact Piston
2.When the Braking Pressure is High In contact Piston
3.When the Brake Pedal is Released Cylinder cup When the brake pedal is released, the
3.When the Brake Pedal is Released
Cylinder cup
When the brake
pedal is released,
the pressure drop
in the left chamber
will cause the
piston to move to
the left.
Piston
Spring
pedal is released, the pressure drop in the left chamber will cause the piston to move
pedal is released, the pressure drop in the left chamber will cause the piston to move
Disc Brake Fixed caliper Motion Floating caliper Brake lining Piston Brake disc Rotor disc Friction
Disc Brake
Fixed caliper
Motion
Floating
caliper
Brake lining
Piston
Brake disc
Rotor disc
Friction disc thickness sensor
Floating-caliper type
Steering
knuckle
Hydraulic pressure
Front-wheel Brake
Front-wheel Brake
Front-wheel Brake
Front-wheel Brake
Rear-wheel Brake
Rear-wheel Brake
Rear-wheel Brake