Sei sulla pagina 1di 8

# DEN305 Exercise 2B: Drag and Power issue 4

The drag of this aircraft is estimated below at a given flight condition (see McCormick pp. 152-155 for full explanation)
Try to plot flight power verses flight velocity 0-40m/s and find the minimum drag and minimum power conditions
Flight conditions Oswald efficiency factor e
air density 1.05 kg/m3 (at 1500m) Cd0
air viscosity 1.639E-05 m2/s aircraft weight
Flight speed 20 m/s Umin drag
Dynamic pressure 210.8 Pa Umin power
Transistion Reynolds number 300000

## McCormick Cd0 estimate

Wing drag estimate
Wing area 13.06 sq.m
Wing span 15.7 m
Aspect ratio 18.87
mean wing chord 0.83 m
Reynolds No. based on mean chord 1015067
approximate wetted area 26.12 sq.m
Turbulent Cf ? use notes
Drag (if all turbulent) #VALUE! N
transition point x 0.246 m fill out these boxes
laminar wetted area 7.72 sq.m
Cf (laminar portion) ? use notes
Cf (laminar portion if turbulent) 0.0057
Drag reduction laminar portion #VALUE! N
Drag #VALUE! N
Cd0 #VALUE! planform area

fin drag
fin Height 1.3 m
mean fin chord 0.6 m
fin wetted area 1.56 sq.m
Reynolds No. based on mean chord 7.322E+05
Turbulent Cf 0.00474
Drag(all turbulent) 1.56 N
transition point x 0.246 m
laminar wetted area 0.64 sq.m
Cf (laminar portion) 0.0024
Cf (laminar portion if turbulent) 0.0057
Drag reduction laminar portion 0.44 N
Drag 1.12 N
Cd0 0.0068 planform area

tailplane drag
tailplane span 2m
tailplane mean chord 0.4 m
tailplane wetted area 1.6 sq.m
Reynolds No. based on mean chord 4.881E+05
Turbulent Cf 0.00513
Drag(all turbulent) 1.73 N
transition point x 0.246 m
laminar wetted area 0.98 sq.m
Cf (laminar portion) 0.0024
Cf (laminar portion if turbulent) 0.0057
Drag reduction laminar portion 0.67 N
Drag 1.06 N
Cd0 0.0063 planform area

fuselage drag
max. fuselage diameter 0.7 m
maximum fuselage length 6.95 m
estimated wetted area 9.93 sq.m
Reynolds No. based on length 8.481E+06
Turbulent Cf 0.00308
Drag(all turbulent) 6.46 N
transition point x 0.246 m
laminar wetted area 0.11 sq.m
Cf (laminar portion) 0.0024
Cf (laminar portion if turbulent) 0.0057
Drag reduction laminar portion 0.08 N
Drag 6.64 N
Cd0 0.0032 wetted area

Total drag
Drag #VALUE!
Cd0 #VALUE! planform area
0.9
#VALUE!
3200 N
? W from guide notes
? W from guide notes
DEN305 Exercise 2B: Drag and Power
See how this curve varies as you change input parameters in blue

## Flight conditions Oswald efficiency factor e 0.9

air density 1.05 kg/m3 (at 1500m) Cd0 0.0112
air viscosity 1.639E-05 m2/s aircraft weight 3200
Flight speed 20 m/s Umin drag 24.5
Dynamic pressure 210.8 Pa Umin power 18.6
Transistion Reynolds number 300000 note effect of changing this parameter

## McCormick Cd0 estimate

Wing drag estimate
Wing area 13.06 sq.m
Wing span 15.7 m
Aspect ratio 18.87
mean wing chord 0.83 m
Reynolds No. based on mean chord 1015067
approximate wetted area 26.12 sq.m
Turbulent Cf 0.00446
Drag (if all turbulent) 24.5 N
transition point x 0.246 m
laminar wetted area 7.72 sq.m
Cf (laminar portion) 0.0024
Cf (laminar portion if turbulent) 0.0057
Drag reduction laminar portion 5.3 N
Drag 19.3 N
Cd0 0.0070 planform area

fin drag
fin Height 1.3 m
mean fin chord 0.6 m
fin wetted area 1.56 sq.m
Reynolds No. based on mean chord 7.322E+05
Turbulent Cf 0.00474
Drag(all turbulent) 1.56 N
transition point x 0.246 m
laminar wetted area 0.64 sq.m
Cf (laminar portion) 0.0024
Cf (laminar portion if turbulent) 0.0057
Drag reduction laminar portion 0.44 N
Drag 1.12 N
Cd0 0.0068 planform area

tailplane drag
tailplane span 2m
tailplane mean chord 0.4 m
tailplane wetted area 1.6 sq.m
Reynolds No. based on mean chord 4.881E+05
Turbulent Cf 0.00513
Drag(all turbulent) 1.73 N
transition point x 0.246 m
laminar wetted area 0.98 sq.m
Cf (laminar portion) 0.0024
Cf (laminar portion if turbulent) 0.0057
Drag reduction laminar portion 0.67 N
Drag 1.06 N
Cd0 0.0063 planform area

fuselage drag
max. fuselage diameter 0.7 m
maximum fuselage length 6.95 m
estimated wetted area 9.93 sq.m
Reynolds No. based on length 8.481E+06
Turbulent Cf 0.00308
Drag(all turbulent) 6.46 N
transition point x 0.246 m
laminar wetted area 0.11 sq.m
Cf (laminar portion) 0.0024
Cf (laminar portion if turbulent) 0.0057
Drag reduction laminar portion 0.08 N
Drag 6.64 N
Cd0 0.0032 wetted area

Total drag
Drag 30.76
Cd0 0.0112 planform area
Power curve: Constant Cd0
change input parameters in blue U CL Cd P
15 2.07 0.091 2119
17 1.61 0.060 2018
19 1.29 0.042 1995
N 21 1.05 0.032 2040
m/s 23 0.88 0.026 2148
m/s 25 0.74 0.022 2317
27 0.64 0.019 2546
29 0.55 0.017 2837
31 0.48 0.016 3190
33 0.43 0.015 3608
35 0.38 0.014 4093
37 0.34 0.013 4648

0 0
24.5 0.77 0.022 2273
18.6 1.34 0.045 1994

## Variation of Flight Power vs. Flight Velocity

5000

4500

4000

3500
flight power DU (W)

3000

2500
2273
2000 1994

1500

1000

500

0 0
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40
velocity U (m/s)