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# Proceedings of the 26th Academic Council held on 18.5.

2012

MEE521FiniteElementMethods(ProposedSyllabus)

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MEE 521
Version No.
Objectives:
To introduce the mathematical and physical principles underlying the Finite Element
Method (FEM) as applied to solid mechanics.
To train the students in analysis software to perform various analysis like static,
thermal, fatigue, Harmonic and transient analysis on components and structures.
Expected Outcome:
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
Derive finite element stiffness and mass matrices
Analyze linear solid mechanics or heat-transfer problems using commercial FEM
codes.
Perform static analysis, Modal analysis, Harmonic analysis and transient analysis.
Perform nonlinear analysis, thermal analysis, and fluid flow analysis.
Perform structural optimization
Unit I
FundamentalConcepts
Physical problems, Mathematical models, and Finite Element Solutions. Finite
Element Analysis as Integral part of Computer Aided Design;. Stresses and Equilibrium;
Boundary Conditions; Strain-Displacement Relations; Stress strain relations, Linear
and nonlinear material laws; Temperature Effects; Definition of Tensors and indicial
notations; Deformation gradients; Classification of different types of deformations:
Deformations and stresses in bars, thin beams, thick beams, plane strain- plane stress
hypothesis , thin plate, thick plate, axisymmetric bodies..; Approximate nature of most
of these deformation hypotheses; General 3D deformation (linear small deformation),
Large deformation (nonlinear).
Unit II

GeneralTechniquesandToolsofDisplacementBased
FiniteElementAnalysis
Energy and Variational principles for boundary value problems; Strong, or classical,
form of the problem and weak, or Variational, form of the problem; Integral
Formulations;
Galerkins and Weighted residual approaches; Shape and interpolation functions for
1D, 2D & 3D applications; Use of shape (interpolation) functions to represent general
displacement functions and in establishment of coordinate and geometrical
transformations; Hermite, Lagrange and other interpolation functions; Numerical
integration of functions; Gauss and other integration schemes.
Unit III
OneDimensionalProblems: Trusses,Beams&Frames
Introduction; Local and global coordinate systems; Transformation of vectors in two
and three dimensional spaces; Finite Element Modeling of a basic truss element in local
coordinate system using energy approach; Assembly of the Global Stiffness Matrix and
Load vector; The Finite Element Equations; Treatment of boundary Conditions; Euler
Barnoulli (thin) beam element and Timoshenko (thick) beam element; Beam element
arbitrarily oriented in space; Plane Trusses, Plane frames and Three-dimensional
frames; Solution algorithms of linear systems.

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## Proceedings of the 26th Academic Council held on 18.5.2012

Unit IV

PlaneStressandPlaneStrainProblems&3DProblems

Plane stress and plane strain problems; Isoparametric Elements; Constant Strain
Triangles (CST); Bilinear Quadrilateral Q4; Modeling boundary conditions; Orthotropic
materials; Numerical integration; Higher Order Elements; Four-node Quadrilateral for
Axisymmetric Problems; Hexahedral solid elements; Tetrahedral solid elements;
Numerical integration.
Unit V
PlateelementsandDynamicalAnalysis
Basic assumptions and formulations of classical Kirchhoff thin plate bending elements
and thick Mindlin plate elements including bending and transverse shear energies;
Degenerated shell elements; Construction of stiffness matrices. Dynamical equations
of motion; Consistent and lumped Mass Matrices; Damping matrices; Vibration
Analysis; Eigen value problems and solution techniques; Transient dynamical and
structural dynamical problems, Explicit and implicit schemes of integrations, Stability
issues.
Text book
1. Robert Cook, R.D. et al. Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis,
John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
2. Tirupathi R. Chandrapatla, Ashok D. Belegundu Introduction to Finite Element
in Engineering Prentice- Hall of India Private limited, New Delhi 110 001.
References
1. Bathe, K.J, Finite Element Procedures, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., third Edition,
1996.
2. Zienkiewicz O.C., The Finite Element Method, McGraw-Hill, 1989.
3. Reddy J.N., The Finite Element Method, McGraw-Hill, Third Edition, 1993.
4. C.S. Krishnamoorthy, Finite Element Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1994.
MEE521LLabExercises

## 3D Part Modeling, Assembly and Analysis of Automobile components using

Hypermesh, LSDYNA
Dynamic and normal Mode Dynamic Analysis using FEA Technique.
Finite Element Analysis of structural problems, heat Transfer problems, fatigue
and fracture analysis using ANSYS