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British Standard

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BRITISH STANDARD

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Specification for

Filling ratios and


developed pressures for
liquefiable and
permanent gases

UDC 661.9.07:533.1

BS 5355:1976

BS 5355:1976

Cooperating organizations
The Pressure Vessel Standards Committee, under whose supervision this
British Standard was prepared, consists of representatives from the following
Government departments and scientific and industrial organizations.
Associated Offices Technical Committee*

Engineering Equipment Users Association*

Association of Shell Boilermakers

Health and Safety Executive*

British Chemical Engineering Contractors

Institution of Chemical Engineers*

Association

Institution of Gas Engineers

British Gas Corporation

Institution of Mechanical Engineers

British Insurance (Atomic Energy)

Lloyds Register of Shipping*

Committee

Oil Companies Materials Association

British Mechanical Engineering

Process Plant Association*

Confederation

United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority

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British Steel Industry*

University of Manchester Institute of

Chemical Industries Association*

Technology and Science

CBMPE*

Water-tube Boilermakers Association

Department of Trade*

Welding Institute

Electricity Supply Industry in England


and Wales

The Government departments and scientific and industrial organizations


marked with an asterisk in the above list, together with the following, were
directly represented on the committee entrusted with the preparation of this
British Standard.
Aluminium Federation

Department of Industry (National

Association of Drum Manufacturers

Engineering Laboratory)

British Compressed Gases Association

Institution of Fire Engineers

British Railways Board

Institute of Refrigeration

British Steel Corporation

Liquefied Petroleum Gas Industry Technical

Camping Trade Association of Great Britain


Chief and Assistant Chief Fire Officers
Association

Association (UK)
Ministry of Defence
Society of Motor Manufacturers and

Department of the Environment

Traders Ltd.

This British Standard having


been prepared under the
direction of the Pressure
Vessel Standards Committee
was published under the
authority of the
Executive Board on
28 May 1976
BSI 08-1999
First published as
BS 1736:1951
First revision as BS 5355
May 1976
The following BSI reference
relates to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference PVE/3
ISBN 0 580 09143 0

Amendments issued since publication


Amd. No.

Date of issue

Comments

3349

January 1981

Indicated by a sideline in the margin

BS 5355:1976

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Contents
Page
Cooperating organizations
Inside front cover
Foreword
iii
1
Scope
1
2
References
1
3
Definitions
1
4
General
1
5
Filling ratios and developed pressures for
liquefiable gases for containers made to BS 5045,
BS 5045-1, BS 5045-2 and BS 5045-3 and HOAL 3 and 4
3
6
Containers made to specifications other than BS 5045-1,
BS 5045-2 and BS 5045-3 or HOAL 3 and 4
5
7
Developed pressure for permanent gases
16
8
Large containers
16
Appendix A Determination of filling ratios and developed pressures
17
Appendix B Filling ratios and developed pressures
not specified in this standard
18
Appendix C Filling ratios and developed pressure for
countries other than the United Kingdom
19
Table 1 Classification of gases
2
Table 2 Reference temperature in C for filling ratio
and for developed pressure for conveyance in the United Kingdom
3
Table 3 High pressure liquefiable gases
4
Table 4 High pressure liquefiable gases
5
Table 5 Hydrogen chloride and refrigerant 13Bl
5
Table 6 Low pressure liquefiable gases, filling ratios
and physical properties
7
Table 7 Vapour pressure data for commercial
propane and commercial butane
11
Table 8 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 33 C
12
Table 9 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 33 C
12
Table 10 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 38 C
13
Table 11 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 38 C
13
Table 12 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 42.5 C
14
Table 13 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 42.5 C
14
Table 14 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 45 C
15
Table 15 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 45 C
15
Table 16 Relationships for permanent gases
between charging pressure at 15 C and the
pressure developed at reference temperature of 60 C
16
Table 17 Classification of countries and territories of the
world (other than the United Kingdom) into climatic areas
in relation to observed absolute maximum shade temperatures
20

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BS 5355:1976

Page
Table 18 Reference temperatures for filling ratio
and for developed pressures with respect to climatic areas
22
Table 19 Filling ratios and developed pressures applicable
to high pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges of container at
the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18
23
Table 20 Filling ratio and vapour pressure data applicable to low
pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges of container at the
reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18
24
Table 21 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 40 C
32
Table 22 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 40 C
32
Table 23 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 47.5 C
33
Table 24 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 47.5 C
33
Table 25 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 50 C
34
Table 26 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 50 C
34
Table 27 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 52.5 C
35
Table 28 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 52.5 C
35
Table 29 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 55 C
36
Table 30 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated
hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 55 C
36
Table 31 Developed pressures applicable to permanent
gases in various size ranges of container at the reference
temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18
37
Publications referred to
Inside back cover

ii

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BS 5355:1976

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Foreword
This British Standard is one of a series based upon the recommendations in the
report (published in 1969) of the Home Office Gas Cylinders and Containers
Committee for materials, design, construction, testing, filling and maintenance of
containers intended for the conveyance by road of permanent and liquefiable
gases under pressure.
It has been prepared under the auspices of the Pressure Vessel Standards
Committee at the request of the Home Office in order to satisfy the technical
requirements of new legislation currently under consideration for such
conveyance.
This particular standard deals with filling ratios and developed pressures for
liquefiable and permanent gases filled into containers.
This British Standard replaces BS 1736 published in 1951 and presents a wider
scope in that filling ratios are specified for a greater number of liquefiable gases
and it also specifies the developed pressures for permanent gases. BS 1736 is now
withdrawn.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i to iv,
pages 1 to 40, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the
inside front cover.
BSI 08-1999

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iv

blank

BS 5355:1976

1 Scope
This British Standard specifies the filling ratios and
developed pressures to be used when filling,
selecting or designing containers of 1 litre water
capacity and above for conveyance of liquefiable or
permanent gases by road within the
United Kingdom.
NOTE As guidance only, for overseas markets, corresponding
filling ratio and developed pressure data for climatic areas other
than the United Kingdom are given in Appendix C.

where filling ratios are calculated in accordance


with the requirements of Appendix A they shall be
maximum values and hence the filling mass charged
into a container must take account of the accuracy
of the filling procedure

2 References

3.7
developed pressure

The titles of the British Standards referred to in this


standard are listed on the inside back cover.

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

NOTE The water capacity stamped on the container may refer


to the minimum designed water capacity of the container without
fittings, in which case the net water capacity must be
ascertained.
Although water capacity is defined as a mass it may be expressed
as a volume.

3 Definitions
For the purposes of this British Standard the
following definitions apply.
3.1
critical temperature
the temperature above which the substance cannot
exist in a liquid state
3.2
liquefiable gas
a gas which is liquefiable by pressure at 10 C but
which is completely vapourized at 17.5 C when at
not more than 1 013 mbar1)
3.3
high-pressure liquefiable gas
a gas which has a critical temperature from 10 C
to 70 C inclusive
3.4
low-pressure liquefiable gas
a gas which has a critical temperature above 70 C
those toxic substances which are liquid
at 1 013 mbar1) pressure at 0 C but which boil at or
below 30 C at that pressure shall be treated as
low-pressure liquefiable gases
3.5
permanent gas
a gas which has a critical temperature
below 10 C
3.6
filling ratio
the ratio of the mass of gas introduced into a
container to the mass of water (water capacity)
at 15 C that fills the container fitted as for use,
i.e. complete with valve, dip tube, float
etc, as necessary

1)

the pressure developed by the contents of the


container at the pressure reference temperature as
given in Table 2
3.8
reference temperature for filling ratio
the temperature at which the liquid density is to be
evaluated for calculating the filling ratio
3.9
reference temperature for developed pressure
the temperature at which the developed pressure is
to be determined
3.10
maximum permissible pressure
the maximum permissible pressure in service is the
pressure developed by the contents at the pressure
reference temperature taking into account the
filling ratio for high pressure liquefiable gases and
the intended charging pressure at 15 C for
permanent gases

4 General
4.1 Table 1 classifies those gases conveyed in
commercial quantities for which data are given in
this standard. It also indicates any associated
hazard.
4.2 The reference temperatures for filling ratio and
for developed pressure referred to in this standard
vary with the size of container. The relationship
between reference temperature and container
volume is given in Table 2.
4.3 Where filling ratios and developed pressures are
not specified for gases or gas mixtures, the
procedure to be followed is included as Appendix B
to this standard.

1 013 mbar = 760 mmHg.

BSI 08-1999

BS 5355:1976

Table 1 Classification of gases


Liquefiable gases

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Permanent gases
(tc less than 10 C)

Air
Argon
a
Boron trifluoride
baCarbon monoxide
baCoal gas
ca
Fluorine
Helium
b
Hydrogen
b
Methane (natural gas
and town gas, excluding
coal gas)
Neon
Nitrogen
Oxygen

High pressure
(tc 10 C to 70 C)

Low pressure
(tc greater than 70 C)

aAmmonia
Carbon dioxide
b
ca
Ethane
Boron trichloride
b
b
Ethylene
Butadiene
caHydrogen chloride
Octafluorocyclobutane (R.C318)
Bromotrifluoromethane (R.13B1) bIso butane
cn-butane
Chlorotrifluoromethane (R.13)
caCarbonyl chloride
Nitrous oxide
ca
Sulphur hexafluoride
Chlorine
ca
Chlorine trifluoride
a
Cyanogen chloride
b
1-chloro-1, 1-difluoroethane (R.142b)
Chloropentafluoroethane (R.115)
b1, 1-difluoroethane (R.152a)
2-chloro-1, 1, 1-trifluoroethane (R.133a)
1, 2-dichlorotetrafluoroethane (R.114)
b
Dimethylether
b
Ethylamine
bEthyl chloride
baEthylene oxide
ba
Hydrogen cyanide
ca
Hydrogen fluoride
ca
Hydrogen sulphide
Bromochlorodifluoromethane (R.12B1)
Chlorodifluoromethane (R.22)
Dichlorofluoromethane (R.21)
Dichlorodifluoromethane (R.12)
b
Monomethylamine
b
Dimethylamine
bTrimethylamine
aMethyl bromide
ba
Methyl chloride
ca
Nitrogen tetroxide
ca
Nitrosyl chloride
b
Propane
bCyclopropane
bPropylene
ca
Sulphur dioxide
b
Vinyl chloride
Gas mixtures:
Azeotrope R500 (73.8 % R12
and 26.2 % R152a)
Azeotrope R502 (48.8 % R22
and 51.2 % R115)
a
Ethylene oxide 12 % and R12, 88 %

These gases are poisonous and are the once referred to in this standard are toxic. Other gases not so marked may have poisonous
properties in less degree or be suffocating in heavy concentrations.
b
For the purpose of transport these gases are considered to be flammable.
c These gases are considered corrosive for the purpose of periodic testing, (see BS 5430).
tc is the critical temperature.
Reference to refrigerants by number designation (e.g. R.12) is in accordance with international agreements (see BS 4580).

BSI 08-1999

BS 5355:1976

Table 2 Reference temperature in C for filling ratio and for developed pressure for
conveyance in the United Kingdom (climatic area shade temperature u 35 C (u
u 95 F)

Type of
contents

Reference temperatures for developed pressure C

Container volume V

Container volume V

V up to
and
including
130 litres

Low
pressure
liquefiable 45
gases

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Reference temperatures for filling ratio C

V greater
than 130
litres up to
and including
1 m3

V greater V greater
V up to
V greater
V greater
V greater
than 1 m3 than 5 m3
and
than 130 litres than 1 m3 up to than 5 m3
up to and
including
up to and
and including (see note)
including
130 litres including 1 m3 5 m3 (see note)
5 m3
(see note)

42.5

42.5

38b

High
pressure
liquefiable
gases
Permanent
gases

55

50

47.5

42.5

52.5a

52.5a

50

45

60

NOTE For the purpose of the above table when the ratio of the overall length of the container to the diameter exceeds 4.5, the
volume of the container shall be taken as that volume contained in a length 4.5 times the external diameter.
a When safety devices are fitted
b For containers exceeding 5 m3

to carbon dioxide containers this reference temperature may be reduced to 50 C.


in volume, the reference temperature for filling ratio may be reduced from 38 C to 33 C for the
winter period, November to April, provided that containers so filled are discharged before the following 1 May.

4.4 The developed pressure figures quoted in the


various tables are assumed to be for pure gases. If
impurities are present the effect on the developed
pressure must be taken into account, for example,
by treating the impure substance as a mixture for
the purposes of Appendix A.
4.5 The physical data for the majority of the gases in
this standard are taken from the Report of the Home
Office Gas Cylinders and Containers Committee,
published in 1969. Pressure values have been
converted from lbf/in2 to bar2) using a factor
of 0.068 947 6 and rounded to the same number of
significant figures as in the above report.

5 Filling ratios and developed


pressures for liquefiable gases for
containers made to BS 5045, BS 5045-1,
BS 5045-2 and BS 5045-3 and HOAL 3
and 43)
5.1 High pressure liquefiable gases
5.1.1 The chosen filling ratio shall be such that
1) The pressure developed by the contents at the
reference temperatures does not exceed the
maximum permissible pressure.

2)
3)

2) The pressure developed at 5 C above the


reference temperature does not exceed the
maximum permissible pressure by more
than 20 %.
5.1.2 Filling ratios and the associated developed
pressures at the reference temperatures applying in
the United Kingdom for different sizes of containers
are given in Table 3. If it is desired to use containers
designed for developed pressures other than those
given in Table 3, then the procedure in Appendix B
shall be followed.
Formulae for calculating filling ratios are given in
Appendix A. In calculating the filling ratio from the
physical data, allowance shall be made for the
negative degree of uncertainty in the accuracy of the
density data.
5.1.3 For impure gases and mixtures of high
pressure liquefiable gases with other gases, the
permissible filling ratio shall be determined
experimentally so as to comply with the
requirements of 5.1.1.
5.1.4 For guidance only for overseas markets,
corresponding filling ratio and developed pressure
data for climatic areas other than the
United Kingdom are given in Appendix C, Table 19.

1 bar = 105 N/m2 = 100 kPa.


Home Office specifications for aluminium alloy containers for the conveyance of compressed gases.

BSI 08-1999

BS 5355:1976

Table 3 High pressure liquefiable gases

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Gas

Critical
temperature

Liquid
density
at 15 C

g/cm2

Carbon dioxide

31.1

0.824

Ethane
Ethylene
Hydrogen chloride
Nitrous oxide
Refrigerant 13
Refrigerant 13B1
Sulphur hexafluoride with
up to 1 % nitrogen
impurity (m/m)

32.1
9.7
51.3
36.5
28.9
67.0
45.5
(pure SF6)

0.370

0.86
0.817
0.99
1.61
1.44

0.75a
0.667a
0.36
0.325
0.78
0.75
1.09
1.60
1.46

Developed pressures bar (gauge)


45 C

152.3
120.8
135.8
145.5
127.9
142.7
160.8
147.1
148.1

50 C

173.5
136.8
150.3
157.9
153.2
163.4
177.5
170.2
166.9

52.5 C

184.1
144.8
157.2
164.1
165.9
173.7
186.3
182.0
175.8

A 0.667 filling ratio shall be used for fire extinguishing applications, a 0.75 filling ratio shall be used for all other applications.

5.2 Low pressure liquefiable gases


5.2.1 General. The chosen filling ratio shall be such
that in no circumstances shall the liquid portion of
the gas occupy more than 97 % of the volume of the
container at the filling ratio reference temperature,
nor shall the container be liquid full at a
temperature 5 C greater than the filling ratio
reference temperature.
Formulae for calculating filling ratios are given
in Appendix A. In calculating the filling ratio from
the physical data, allowance shall be made for the
negative degree of uncertainty in the accuracy of the
density data.
5.2.2 Filling ratios. The filling ratios to be used for
the commercially pure gases listed in Table 1 are
given in Table 6. Columns giving the vapour
pressure developed at the pressure reference
temperature associated with the filling ratio
reference temperature have also been included.
Vapour pressure data for commercial butane and
commercial propane as defined in BS 4250 are given
in Table 7.
5.2.3 Mixtures of low pressure liquefiable gases.
Except as allowed under 5.2.4 the density of a
mixture of low pressure liquefiable gases shall be
determined experimentally at the appropriate
filling ratio reference temperature, from which,
after allowance for the tolerance on the proportions
of the mixture, the filling ratio shall be determined
in accordance with 5.2.1. Alternatively the density
of the mixture may be calculated using the formula
given in Appendix A.

Filling ratio

5.2.4 Mixtures of liquefiable petroleum gases. For


mixtures of liquefiable petroleum gases Table 8
to Table 15 should be used for obtaining filling
ratios appropriate to the reference temperature.
The density of the mixture shall be determined
experimentally at a convenient temperature and for
any given reference temperature the maximum
permissible filling ratio is the value at the
intersection of the row beginning with the value
determined for the density and the column headed
by the temperature at which it was determined.
See 5.1.1 and Table 2 for the association of reference
temperature with size of container.
5.2.5 Mixtures of liquefiable petroleum gases
consisting wholly of saturated hydrocarbons.
Table 8, Table 10, Table 12 and Table 14 give the
maximum permissible filling ratios for mixtures of
liquefiable petroleum gases consisting wholly of
saturated hydrocarbons.
5.2.6 Mixtures of liquefiable petroleum gases
consisting wholly of unsaturated hydrocarbons or
containing more than 2 mol % of C2 hydrocarbons.
Table 9, Table 11, Table 13 and Table 15 give the
maximum permissible filling ratios for mixtures of
liquefiable petroleum gases consisting wholly of
unsaturated hydrocarbons, or containing more
than 2 mol % of C2 hydrocarbons.

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BS 5355:1976

5.2.7 Mixtures of liquefiable petroleum gases


containing both saturated and unsaturated
hydrocarbons. For mixtures consisting only partly of
unsaturated hydrocarbons the maximum
permissible filling ratio shall be determined
a) by reading from Table 9, Table 11 Table 13
or Table 15 as appropriate, or
b) by linear interpolation between the value
in Table 8, Table 10, Table 12 or Table 14 as
appropriate to the reference temperature for
filling ratio, density determined and tamperature
of density determination, and the corresponding
value in Table 9, Table 11, Table 13 or Table 15.
For example if x is the proportion by mass of
unsaturated hydrocarbons in the mixture, (FR)a
and (FR)b are the filling ratios given by Table 8,
Table 10, Table 12 or Table 14 and Table 9,
Table 11, Table 13 or Table 15 respectively for
the given density, temperature of density
determination and reference temperature,
and (FR)m is the filling ratio appropriate to the
mixture
(FR)m = (FR)a x [(FR)a (FR)b]

6 Containers made to specifications


other than BS 5045-1, BS 5045-2 and
BS 5045-3 or HOAL 3 and 44)
6.1 General. Other containers may be used for the
conveyance of compressed or liquefiable gases
provided that they are made
a) to one of the published specifications listed
below;
b) to any other specification which has been
approved by HM Inspector of Explosives and used
in accordance with the conditions of the above
mentioned approval.
6.2 Permanent gases. Containers made to BS 399,
BS 400 and BS 1045 and, provided that they have
been inspected by an approved inspecting authority,
BS 1287 and BS 1288, for a design pressure
of 124 bar5) may be filled to a charging pressure
at 15 C of 137 bar.
Containers made to HO S, HO T6), HOAL 1 and
HOAL 24) may be filled to a charging pressure
appropriate to the design pressure.

4)
Home Office specifications for
5)
1 bar = 105 N/m2 = 100 kPa.
6)

6.3 High pressure liquefiable gases


6.3.1 Containers made to the specifications given in
BS 399, BS 400, BS 401, BS 1045, BS 1287,
BS 1288 with a design pressure of 124 bar, and to
specifications HO S, HO T and HOAL 1 and
HOAL 2 with a minimum design pressure of 137 bar
may be used with the filling ratios listed in Table 4.
Table 4 High pressure liquefiable gases
Gas

Critical
Liquid
Filling
temperature density
ratio
at 15 C
C

g/cm3

Carbon dioxide

31.1

0.824

Ethane
Ethylene
Hydrogen chloride
Nitrous oxide
Refrigerant 13
Refrigerant 13 B1
Sulphur hexafluoride
with up to 1 %
nitrogen impurity
(m/m)

32.1
9.7
51.3
36.5
28.9
67.0

0.370

0.86
0.817
0.99
1.61

0.75a
0.667a
0.36
0.325
0.78
0.75
1.09
1.60

45.5

1.44

1.46

a
A 0.667 filling ratio shall be used for fire extinguishing
applications; a 0.75 filling ratio shall be used for all other
applications.

6.3.2 For hydrogen chloride and refrigerant 13 B1,


containers made to other specifications approved by
HM Inspector of Explosives may be used with the
filling ratios listed in Table 5.
6.3.3 Cylinders made to BS 399, BS 400 and
BS 1045 are normally ordered to a nominal water
capacity; before use with a high pressure liquefiable
gas the minimum water capacity must be measured.
Table 5 Hydrogen chloride and
refrigerant 13 B1
Minimum design
pressure
Gas

Critical
Filling V up to and V greater
temperature ratio including
than
130 litres 130 litres

Hydrogen
C
chloride
51.3
Refrigerant
13 B1
67.0

0.65

75.0 bar

69.0 bar

1.31

26.0 bar

25.0 bar

aluminium alloy containers for the conveyance of compressed gears.

Home Office specifications for seamless alloy steel cylinders for the conveyance of compressed gases.

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BS 5355:1976

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6.4 Low pressure liquefiable gases. Low


pressure liquefiable gases may be carried in any
container made to the following specifications.
BS 401, BS 1500, BS 1515, HO paper S13, DSIR
Paper S12C and any other specification approved
by HM Inspector of Explosives provided that the
design pressure of the container according to the
specification or code to which it was made is not
less than the vapour pressure in the container at
the filling ratio reference temperature given
in Table 2.

The filling ratio shall be that appropriate to the


filling ratio reference temperature in Table 2 as
shown in Table 6, and Table 8 to Table 15.

BSI 08-1999

NOTE These data are complete for the reference temperatures given in Table 2, applicable to low pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges of container for conveyance in the
United Kingdom. Liquid density data for 43 C, 47.5 C and 50 C are quoted to ensure compliance with the over-rider on filling ratio given in 5.2.1. Except where stated, these data relate
to the pure gases. For certain gases the probable impurities are such that it would be necessary to reduce the filling ratio, and cases of doubt should be referred to HM Inspector of
Explosives.
Ammonia

Substance
Temp.
C

15

Boron
Butadiene n-butanec
Iso
Carbonyl
Chlorine Cyanogen Dimethyl Ethylamine
trichloride
1-3
butanec chloride Chlorine tri-fluoride chloridea
ether

Critical temperature

132.4

178.8

Normal boiling point

33.4

12.7

4.5

0.5

Liquid density
confidence limit

0.00

0.30

0.20

0.50

Liquid density g/cm3


0.617
1.344
Vapour pressure bar gauge
6.27
0.103
Vapour pressure bar absolute

33

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3
g/cm3

38

Liquid density
Filling ratio

Liquid density g/cm3


42.5 Vapour pressure bar gauge
Filling ratio

152

152

0.626
2.07

135
11.7
0.50

0.584
0.77

182
7.6

34.1

153

174b

12.0

13.0

0.20

0.50

126.9
24.9

16.6

0.40

1.385
0.31

1.424
4.76

1.840
0.13

1.179
0.10

0.676
0.688
3.37

0.958

1.00

183

0.20

0.566
1.54

144

0.30

0.590
0.572

1.300
1.223

0.605
0.585

0.563
0.543

0.543
0.524

1.341
1.298

1.371
1.324

1.784
1.727

1.139
1.099

0.647
0.621

0.667
0.645

0.582
0.564

1.293
1.216

0.598
0.578

0.556
0.536

0.537
0.518

1.328
1.285

1.355
1.309

1.768
1.711

1.128
1.088

0.638
0.612

0.661
0.639

0.575
15.63
0.558

1.283
1.67
1.206

0.592
3.65
0.573

0.551
3.05
0.533

0.531
4.60
0.512

1.317
2.26
1.275

1.341
11.02
1.295

1.754
2.39
1.698

1.116
1.88
1.077

0.630
8.45
0.605

0.655
1.46
0.633

Liquid density

g/cm3

0.574

1.282

0.591

0.550

0.530

1.316

1.339

1.752

1.115

0.629

0.654

45

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

0.571
0.553

1.278
1.202

0.588
0.569

0.548
0.528

0.527
0.508

1.310
1.268

1.333
1.287

1.745
1.689

1.110
1.071

0.626
0.601

0.652
0.630

47.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge

0.567
18.02

1.273
2.08

0.585
4.32

0.545
3.65

0.524
5.36

1.304
2.79

1.324
12.54

1.739
3.04

1.104
2.37

0.621
9.71

0.649
1.90

50

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge

0.563
19.31

1.268
2.31

0.582
4.67

0.542
3.95

0.520
5.78

1.297
3.08

1.316
13.35

1.729
3.41

1.098
2.64

0.617
10.38

0.646
2.14

55

Vapour pressure bar

22.08

2.81

5.45

4.62

6.64

3.70

15.04

4.23

3.23

11.83

2.68

43

gauge

filling ratios assume 1.5 % maximum HCN by mass.

See Table 7 for vapour pressure data for commercial butane and commercial propane.

BS 5355:1976

a
Densities and
b
Calculated.
c

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 6 Low pressure liquefiable gases, filling ratios and physical properties

Temp.
C

15

Ethyl
Ethylene Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Methylchloride
oxide
cyanide
fluoride sulphide
amine

Critical temperature

187.2

195.8

183.5

188

Normal boiling point

12.3

10.8

25.7

19.5

Liquid density
confidence limit

0.50

0.50

2.50

0.50

Dimethylamine

Trimethylamine

100.4

156.9

164.6

160.2

60.4

6.3

6.9

2.9

1.00

Methylbromide

191

Methylchloride

143.1

3.5

24.1

1.00 u 45 C 1.0 u 45 C 1.0 1.00


> 45 C 2.0 > 45 C 2.0

0.20

Liquid density g/cm3


0.900
0.876
0.694
0.978
0.800
0.666
0.661
Vapour pressure bar
gauge
0.16
0.20

14.53
1.43
0.36
Vapour pressure bar
absolute

0.67
0.86

0.639
0.57

1.690
0.58

0.927
3.28

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

0.873
0.842

0.852
0.822

0.668
0.631

0.942
0.909

0.751
0.721

0.643
0.617

0.640
0.614

0.617
0.592

1.641
1.575

0.894
0.865

38

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

0.865
0.834

0.845
0.815

0.660
0.624

0.932
0.899

0.737
0.707

0.635
0.609

0.633
0.607

0.610
0.586

1.627
1.562

0.884
0.855

42.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar
gauge
Filling ratio

0.858
1.85
0.828

0.839
2.06
0.810

0.653
0.84
0.617

0.923
1.17
0.891

0.724
28.99
0.695

0.629
5.14
0.604

0.626
2.52
0.601

0.604
2.74
0.580

1.615
2.64
1.550

0.875
8.13
0.847

43

Liquid density

g/cm3

0.857

0.838

0.652

0.922

0.723

0.623

0.625

0.604

1.614

0.874

45

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

0.854
0.824

0.836
0.806

0.650
0.614

0.918
0.886

0.717
0.688

0.625
0.600

0.622
0.597

0.601
0.577

1.609
1.545

0.869
0.841

47.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar
gauge

0.850
2.30

0.833
2.56

0.646
1.18

0.913
1.54

0.710
32.37

0.622
6.14

0.618
3.16

0.597
3.30

1.600
3.18

0.864
9.38

50

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar
gauge

0.845
2.54

0.829
2.84

0.642
1.37

0.908
1.74

0.703
34.18

0.618
6.69

0.614
3.53

0.594
3.56

1.594
3.47

0.859
10.02

55

Vapour pressure bar

3.10

3.44

1.78

2.19

38.02

7.89

4.24

4.17

4.10

11.41

33

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Substance

gauge

BS 5355:1976

Table 6 Low pressure liquefiable gases, filling ratios and physical properties

Substance

Temp.
C

15

Nitrogen
tetroxide

Nitrosyl
Sulphur
Vinyl Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant
Propane Cyclo-propane Propylene
chloride
dioxide chloride
12
21
22

Critical temperature

158.0

173

96.8

124.4

91.8

157.5

156.5

112.0

178.5

96.0

Normal boiling point

21.0

5.9

42.1

32.9

47.8

10.0

13.8

29.8

8.9

40.8

Liquid density
confidence limit

0.50

See
Note 1

0.50

Liquid density g/cm3


1.458
Vapour pressure bar
gauge

Vapour pressure bar


absolute
0.72

1.312
1.34

0.509
6.33

1.414
1.364

1.266
1.215

0.482
0.465

0.589
0.568

0.491
0.474

1.347
1.303

0.884
0.853

1.280
1.239

1.346
1.304

1.163
1.126

1.401
1.352

1.253
1.203

0.474
0.457

0.582
0.561

0.482
0.466

1.333
1.290

0.874
0.843

1.261
1.221

1.334
1.292

1.142
1.106

1.388
1.56
1.340

1.241
5.01
1.179

0.466
13.51
0.449

0.575
11.03
0.555

0.474
16.19
0.458

1.319
6.04
1.277

0.866
5.47
0.835

1.243
9.20
1.203

1.322
2.17
1.281

1.122
15.44
1.087

0.50

0.30

0.615
4.90

0.20

0.50

1.395
1.80

0.920
1.87

0.524
7.91

0.15

0.10

1.346
3.90

0.10

1.390
0.26

1.231
6.94

33

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

38

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

42.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar
gauge
Filling ratio

43

Liquid density

g/cm3

1.387

1.240

0.465

0.574

0.473

1.318

0.865

1.321

1.321

1.119

45

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

1.382
1.333

1.234
1.173

0.461
0.444

0.572
0.552

0.469
0.453

1.311
1.269

0.861
0.830

1.232
1.193

1.316
1.275

1.110
1.075

47.5

Liquid density

g/cm3

1.376

1.227

0.456

0.567

0.463

1.304

0.856

1.221

1.310

1.097

50

Liquid density

1.369

1.221

0.451

0.563

0.459

1.296

0.851

1.211

1.303

1.085

55

Vapour pressure bar

3.22

7.76

8.89

7.92

NOTE

t u 39 C. 1.1 % 39 C. < 51 C. 2.0 %.

g/cm

gauge

18.00

14.96

21.53

12.65

3.55

20.93

BS 5355:1976

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 6 Low pressure liquefiable gases, filling ratios and physical properties

Temp.
C

15

Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant


Mixture
12B1
133a
C.318
114
R115
R142b
R152a
R500
R502
R12 88 %
Ethylene
oxide 12 %

Critical temperature

153.8

144.2a

144.2

145.7

79.9

Normal boiling point

4.0

6.1

5.9

3.6

39.3

Liquid density
confidence limit

0.10

0.10

0.20

0.20

Liquid density g/cm3


1.833
Vapour pressure bar gauge
0.98
Vapour pressure bar absolute

33.3

0.10

1.133
1.47

0.10

0.924
3.26

45.6
0.10

1.189
4.82

21.5
0.10

1.285
7.83

1.294
2.84

1.430
1.384

1.244
1.204

1.086
1.053

0.88
0.853

1.127
1.094

1.205
1.17

1.227
1.191

1.749
1.694

1.281
1.241

1.446
1.399

1.414
1.368

1.213
1.117

1.073
1.04

0.866
0.839

1.109
1.076

1.181
1.147

1.208
1.172

1.732
3.51
1.678

1.268
2.58
1.228

1.426
4.30
1.380

1.399
2.59
1.355

1.187
12.77
1.152

1.061
4.63
1.029

0.852
8.77
0.826

1.091
11.09
1.059

1.157
16.60
1.120

1.192
7.39
1.156

g/cm3

1.730

1.266

1.424

1.398

1.186

1.059

0.851

1.089

1.155

1.190

1.722
1.668

1.260
1.220

1.415
1.369

1.391
1.346

1.174
1.138
13.769

1.054
1.023
5.051

0.844
0.819
9.46

1.082
1.05
11.871

1.144
1.106
17.63

1.182
1.147
7.944

38

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

Liquid density g/cm


Filling ratio
Vapour pressure bar gauge

g/cm3

47.5

Liquid density
Vapour pressure bar

50

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge
Filling ratio

55

1.334
5.74

24.7

90.1

1.467
1.420

g/cm

45

1.486
0.51

0.10

105

1.297
1.256

Liquid density
Filling ratio

Liquid density

1.539
1.23

9.2

113.5

1.768
1.713

33

43

1.352
0.41

0.10

137

Liquid density g/cm3


42.5 Vapour pressure bar gauge
Filling ratio

Vapour pressure bar

gauge

gauge

1.712
4.15

1.252
3.15

1.403
5.10

1.382
3.13

1.158
14.56

1.048
5.46

0.836
9.74

1.071
12.61

1.13
18.70

1.173
8.42

1.702
4.50

1.245
3.46

1.391
5.53

1.374
3.42

1.143
15.52
1.109

1.041
5.88
1.010

0.828
10.84
0.803

1.061
13.44
1.030

1.115
19.82
1.077

1.164
8.97
1.129

4.05

17.59

6.84

12.42

15.23

22.19

5.24

4.13

6.45

10.29

NOTE Refrigerant 114 (Dichlorotetrafluorethane). The data are those for 1,2-dichlor-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane. For 2,2-dichloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluorethane the density is slightly greater
and the vapour pressure slightly less. The filling ratios and developed pressures recommended relate to the former isomer and are applicable to both isomers or to a mixture of these.
a

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Substance

Calculated.

BS 5355:1976

10

Table 6 Low pressure liquefiable gases, filling ratios and physical properties

BS 5355:1976

Table 7 Vapour pressure data for


commercial propane and commercial butane

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Reference
temperature
C

42.5
45
47.5
50
52.5
55
57.5
60
62.5
65
67.5
70

BSI 08-1999

Maximum developed saturation vapour


pressure, bar gauge
Commercial
propane

16.75
17.58
18.68
19.79
20.89
22.13
23.37
24.61
25.92
27.30
28.61
29.99

Commercial
butane

5.52
5.86
6.27
6.69
7.03
7.52
8.00
8.55
9.10
9.58
10.20
10.89

11

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Temperature
for density
determination
C

Table 9 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 33 C
Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.432
0.437
0.442
0.448
0.455
0.461
0.467
0.472
0.478
0.484

0.440
0.446
0.451
0.457
0.463
0.469
0.474
0.480
0.486
0.491

0.448
0.454
0.460
0.466
0.471
0.476
0.482
0.487
0.493
0.498

0.457
0.462
0.467
0.473
0.479
0.484
0.489
0.495
0.500
0.504

0.466
0.470
0.475
0.481
0.486
0.491
0.497
0.501
0.506
0.512

0.473
0.478
0.483
0.488
0.494
0.499
0.503
0.508
0.513
0.419

0.481
0.486
0.491
0.496
0.501
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.423
0.428
0.434
0.440
0.445
0.451
0.457
0.462
0.468
0.474

0.432
0.438
0.443
0.449
0.454
0.460
0.465
0.571
0.476
0.482

0.442
0.447
0.453
0.458
0.463
0.469
0.474
0.480
0.485
0.491

0.451
0.457
0.462
0.467
0.473
0.478
0.583
0.489
0.494
0.499

0.461
0.466
0.471
0.477
0.482
0.487
0.492
0.497
0.503
0.508

0.470
0.476
0.481
0.486
0.491
0.496
0.501
0.506
0.511
0.516

0.480
0.485
0.490
0.494
0.499
0.504
0.509
0.514
0.519
0.524

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.580
0.590
0.595

0.490
0.496
0.501
0.506
0.512
0.518
0.523
0.529
0.534
0.540

0.497
0.501
0.507
0.513
0.519
0.524
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.546

0.503
0.508
0.514
0.520
0.525
0.531
0.536
0.541
0.547
0.552

0.510
0.515
0.521
0.526
0.532
0.536
0.541
0.547
0.553
0.558

0.517
0.522
0.528
0.533
0.537
0.542
0.548
0.553
0.559
0.564

0.524
0.529
0.534
0.538
0.543
0.549
0.554
0.559
0.564
0.569

0.530
0.534
0.539
0.544
0.549
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.569
0.574

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.479
0.485
0.490
0.496
0.502
0.507
0.513
0.519
0.524
0.530

0.487
0.493
0.499
0.504
0.510
0.515
0.521
0.526
0.532
0.537

0.496
0.502
0.507
0.512
0.518
0.523
0.529
0.534
0.540
0.545

0.505
0.510
0.515
0.521
0.526
0.531
0.536
0.542
0.547
0.552

0.513
0.518
0.523
0.528
0.534
0.539
0.544
0.549
0.554
0.560

0.521
0.526
0.531
0.536
0.541
0.546
0.551
0.556
0.562
0.567

0.529
0.534
0.539
0.544
0.549
0.554
0.558
0.563
0.568
0.573

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.545
0.551
0.557
0.563
0.568
0.574

0.551
0.557
0.562
0.568
0.574
0.579

0.557
0.563
0.568
0.574
0.579
0.584

0.563
0.568
0.574
0.579
0.584
0.589

0.568
0.574
0.579
0.584
0.589
0.594

0.574
0.579
0.584
0.589
0.594
0.598

0.579
0.584
0.589
0.594
0.598
0.603

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.536
0.541
0.547
0.552
0.558
0.564

0.543
0.549
0.554
0.560
0.565
0.571

0.551
0.556
0.561
0.567
0.572
0.578

0.558
0.563
0.568
0.574
0.579
0.584

0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.586
0.591

0.572
0.577
0.582
0.587
0.592
0.597

0.578
0.583
0.588
0.593
0.598
0.603

BS 5355:1976

12

Table 8 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 33 C

Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

Table 11 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 38 C
30

Density
g/cm3

Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.424
0.429
0.435
0.440
0.446
0.451
0.458
0.464
0.470
0.477

0.432
0.438
0.443
0.448
0.455
0.460
0.466
0.472
0.478
0.483

0.440
0.445
0.451
0.458
0.463
0.469
0.474
0.480
0.485
0.491

0.449
0.455
0.460
0.465
0.471
0.477
0.482
0.487
0.593
0.498

0.458
0.463
0.468
0.474
0.479
0.484
0.489
0.495
0.500
0.505

0.465
0.471
0.476
0.481
0.486
0.491
0.496
0.502
0.507
0.512

0.473
0.479
0.483
0.488
0.493
0.498
0.503
0.509
0.513
0.518

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.412
0.418
0.424
0.429
0.435
0.441
0.447
0.453
0.458
0.464

0.421
0.427
0.433
0.439
0.444
0.450
0.456
0.461
0.467
0.473

0.431
0.437
0.443
0.448
0.454
0.459
0.465
0.471
0.476
0.482

0.441
0.447
0.452
0.458
0.463
0.469
0.474
0.480
0.485
0.491

0.451
0.457
0.462
0.467
0.473
0.478
0.483
0.489
0.494
0.499

0.461
0.466
0.471
0.477
0.482
0.487
0.492
0.498
0.503
0.508

0.471
0.476
0.481
0.486
0.491
0.496
0.501
0.506
0.511
0.516

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.482
0.488
0.494
0.499
0.506
0.511
0.517
0.522
0.528
0.534

0.489
0.495
0.501
0.507
0.512
0.517
0.523
0.528
0.534
0.540

0.497
0.502
0.508
0.513
0.518
0.524
0.529
0.535
0.541
0.546

0.504
0.509
0.514
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.536
0.541
0.546
0.552

0.510
0.515
0.521
0.526
0.531
0.537
0.542
0.547
0.553
0.559

0.517
0.522
0.527
0.532
0.538
0.543
0.548
0.553
0.559
0.564

0.523
0.528
0.533
0.538
0.543
0.548
0.553
0.559
0.565
0.569

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.470
0.476
0.482
0.587
0.493
0.499
0.505
0.511
0.516
0.522

0.479
0.484
0.490
0.496
0.501
0.507
0.513
0.519
0.524
0.530

0.487
0.493
0.499
0.504
0.510
0.515
0.521
0.527
0.532
0.538

0.496
0.502
0.507
0.513
0.518
0.523
0.529
0.534
0.540
0.545

0.505
0.510
0.515
0.521
0.526
0.531
0.537
0.542
0.547
0.553

0.513
0.518
0.524
0.529
0.534
0.539
0.544
0.550
0.555
0.560

0.521
0.526
0.531
0.536
0.541
0.547
0.552
0.557
0.562
0.567

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.540
0.545
0.551
0.557
0.563
0.568

0.545
0.551
0.557
0.563
0.568
0.574

0.552
0.558
0.563
0.568
0.574
0.579

0.558
0.563
0.568
0.574
0.579
0.584

0.564
0.568
0.574
0.579
0.584
0.589

0.569
0.574
0.579
0.584
0.589
0.594

0.574
0.579
0.584
0.589
0.594
0.598

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.528
0.534
0.540
0.545
0.551
0.557

0.536
0.541
0.547
0.553
0.559
0.564

0.543
0.549
0.555
0.560
0.566
0.571

0.551
0.556
0.562
0.567
0.573
0.578

0.558
0.564
0.569
0.574
0.580
0.585

0.565
0.570
0.576
0.581
0.586
0.591

0.572
0.577
0.582
0.587
0.592
0.597

BS 5355:1976

13

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 10 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 38 C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Temperature
for density
determination
C

Table 13 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 42.5 C
Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.413
0.419
0.426
0.432
0.437
0.443
0.450
0.457
0.464
0.469

0.422
0.428
0.435
0.440
0.446
0.452
0.459
0.465
0.471
0.477

0.431
0.437
0.443
0.449
0.455
0.461
0.467
0.473
0.479
0.485

0.440
0.446
0.452
0.458
0.464
0.469
0.475
0.481
0.487
0.493

0.449
0.455
0.461
0.466
0.471
0.477
0.483
0.489
0.495
0.501

0.457
0.463
0.469
0.474
0.480
0.485
0.491
0.496
0.501
0.507

0.466
0.471
0.476
0.482
0.488
0.493
0.498
0.502
0.508
0.513

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.403
0.409
0.414
0.420
0.426
0.432
0.438
0.444
0.450
0.456

0.412
0.418
0.424
0.430
0.436
0.441
0.447
0.453
0.459
0.465

0.422
0.428
0.434
0.440
0.445
0.451
0.457
0.463
0.468
0.474

0.433
0.438
0.444
0.449
0.455
0.461
0.466
0.472
0.477
0.483

0.443
0.448
0.454
0.459
0.465
0.470
0.476
0.481
0.487
0.492

0.453
0.458
0.463
0.469
0.474
0.479
0.485
0.490
0.495
0.501

0.462
0.468
0.473
0.478
0.483
0.488
0.494
0.499
0.504
0.509

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.476
0.482
0.488
0.495
0.501
0.506
0.512
0.518
0.524
0.530

0.483
0.489
0.495
0.501
0.507
0.512
0.518
0.524
0.530
0.535

0.491
0.497
0.502
0.508
0.513
0.519
0.525
0.531
0.535
0.541

0.499
0.503
0.509
0.514
0.520
0.525
0.531
0.536
0.541
0.547

0.505
0.510
0.515
0.521
0.527
0.532
0.537
0.542
0.547
0.552

0.512
0.517
0.522
0.528
0.533
0.538
0.543
0.548
0.553
0.558

0.519
0.524
0.529
0.534
0.538
0.544
0.549
0.554
0.559
0.564

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.462
0.468
0.474
0.480
0.486
0.492
0.498
0.504
0.509
0.515

0.471
0.477
0.482
0.488
0.494
0.500
0.506
0.512
0.518
0.523

0.480
0.486
0.491
0.497
0.503
0.508
0.514
0.520
0.526
0.531

0.489
0.494
0.500
0.505
0.511
0.517
0.522
0.528
0.534
0.539

0.497
0.503
0.508
0.514
0.519
0.525
0.530
0.536
0.541
0.547

0.506
0.511
0.517
0.522
0.527
0.533
0.538
0.543
0.549
0.554

0.514
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545
0.551
0.556
0.561

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.534
0.540
0.546
0.552
0.557
0.563

0.540
0.546
0.552
0.557
0.563
0.568

0.546
0.552
0.557
0.563
0.568
0.574

0.552
0.557
0.563
0.568
0.574
0.580

0.557
0.563
0.568
0.574
0.580
0.585

0.563
0.568
0.574
0.580
0.585
0.590

0.568
0.574
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.521
0.527
0.533
0.539
0.545
0.551

0.529
0.535
0.541
0.547
0.553
0.558

0.537
0.543
0.549
0.554
0.560
0.566

0.545
0.550
0.556
0.562
0.567
0.573

0.552
0.558
0.563
0.569
0.574
0.580

0.559
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.581
0.586

0.566
0.571
0.577
0.582
0.587
0.592

BS 5355:1976

14

Table 12 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 42.5 C

Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

Table 15 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 45 C
30

Density
g/cm3

Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.411
0.416
0.422
0.427
0.433
0.439
0.446
0.452
0.459
0.466

0.419
0.425
0.430
0.435
0.442
0.448
0.455
0.461
0.467
0.473

0.427
0.433
0.439
0.445
0.451
0.458
0.464
0.470
0.475
0.481

0.435
0.442
0.448
0.453
0.460
0.466
0.471
0.477
0.483
0.488

0.445
0.451
0.457
0.463
0.468
0.474
0.479
0.485
0.490
0.496

0.453
0.460
0.465
0.470
0.475
0.481
0.486
0.492
0.497
0.503

0.462
0.468
0.473
0.478
0.483
0.488
0.493
0.499
0.504
0.509

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.397
0.403
0.409
0.415
0.421
0.427
0.433
0.439
0.445
0.451

0.407
0.413
0.419
0.425
0.431
0.437
0.443
0.449
0.454
0.460

0.417
0.423
0.429
0.435
0.441
0.446
0.452
0.458
0.464
0.470

0.428
0.433
0.439
0.445
0.450
0.456
0.462
0.467
0.473
0.479

0.438
0.444
0.449
0.455
0.460
0.466
0.471
0.477
0.482
0.488

0.448
0.454
0.459
0.464
0.470
0.475
0.481
0.486
0.491
0.497

0.458
0.463
0.468
0.474
0.479
0.484
0.489
0.495
0.500
0.505

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.472
0.478
0.484
0.489
0.496
0.502
0.508
0.513
0.519
0.525

0.479
0.485
0.491
0.497
0.503
0.508
0.514
0.519
0.525
0.531

0.487
0.492
0.498
0.504
0.509
0.515
0.520
0.526
0.532
0.538

0.494
0.500
0.505
0.511
0.516
0.521
0.527
0.532
0.539
0.545

0.501
0.506
0.512
0.517
0.522
0.528
0.534
0.539
0.546
0.551

0.508
0.513
0.518
0.523
0.529
0.535
0.540
0.546
0.551
0.557

0.514
0.519
0.524
0.529
0.535
0.541
0.546
0.551
0.558
0.563

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.457
0.463
0.469
0.475
0.481
0.488
0.494
0.500
0.506
0.512

0.466
0.472
0.478
0.484
0.490
0.496
0.502
0.508
0.514
0.520

0.475
0.481
0.487
0.493
0.499
0.505
0.510
0.516
0.522
0.528

0.484
0.490
0.496
0.502
0.507
0.513
0.519
0.524
0.530
0.536

0.493
0.499
0.504
0.510
0.516
0.521
0.527
0.532
0.538
0.543

0.502
0.508
0.513
0.518
0.524
0.529
0.534
0.540
0.545
0.551

0.510
0.516
0.521
0.526
0.531
0.537
0.542
0.547
0.552
0.558

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.531
0.538
0.543
0.548
0.554
0.561

0.538
0.543
0.548
0.554
0.561
0.567

0.545
0.550
0.554
0.561
0.567
0.573

0.551
0.556
0.561
0.567
0.573
0.579

0.558

0.563

0.568

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.518
0.524
0.530
0.536
0.542
0.548

0.526
0.531
0.537
0.543
0.549
0.555

0.534
0.539
0.545
0.551
0.557
0.563

0.541
0.547
0.553
0.558
0.564
0.570

0.549
0.554
0.560
0.565
0.571
0.577

0.556
0.561
0.567
0.572
0.578
0.583

0.563
0.568
0.573
0.579
0.584
0.589

BS 5355:1976

15

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 14 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 45 C

BS 5355:1976

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

7 Developed pressure for permanent


gases

7.5 For coal gas, the relationship between the


charging pressure and developed pressure at
reference temperature is dependent upon the
composition of the gas mixture. The relationships
given in Table 16 for methane shall apply to coal gas
except where specific approval has been obtained
under the terms of Appendix B for a defined coal gas
mixture.
7.6 As guidance only for overseas markets,
corresponding developed pressure data for climatic
areas other than the United Kingdom are given in
Appendix C, Table 31.

7.1 Table 16 shows, for the United Kingdom,


reference temperature of 60 C common to all sizes
of container for permanent gases, the relationships
between the maximum permissible charging
pressure at 15 C for the commonly used permanent
gases and their developed pressures at the reference
temperature. Linear interpolation is permissible to
derive other relationships between the charging
pressure at 15 C and the developed pressure at
reference temperature.
7.2 The compressibilities of the components of a
8 Large containers
mixture of permanent gases are not always additive.
Therefore, for mixtures the filling pressure at 15 C 8.1 For large insulated containers reference
temperatures lower than those specified in 5, 6
shall be obtained experimentally.
and 7 may be used with the agreement of HM
7.3 For boron trifluoride, the maximum filling
Inspector of Explosives.
pressure shall be 60 % of the maximum permitted
8.2 In the case of large insulated containers used for
developed pressure for which the container is
7)
the conveyance of high pressure liquefiable gases at
designed or 136.5 bar gauge, whichever is the
sub-normal temperatures, the mass of the gas to be
smaller.
filled into the containers shall be such that the
7.4 For fluorine, no container shall be filled with
liquid portion shall occupy not more than 98 % of
more than 5 kg of gas and the pressure at 15 C
the container volume at the highest temperature
shall not exceed 27.5 bar gauge. Containers shall be
likely to be reached in conveyance or at the pressure
designed for a maximum developed pressure
at which any safety devices fitted operate.
of 200 bar gauge at the reference temperature.
Table 16 Relationships for permanent gases between charging pressure at 15 C
and the pressure developed at reference temperature of 60 C
Charging pressure
at 15 C
bar
gauge

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8
344.7
413.7

7)

lbf/in2
gauge

500
1 000
1 500
1 800
1 980
2 500
3 000
3 300
3 500
3 600
4 000
5 000
6 000

Developed pressure, bar gauge

Methane

41.11
84.6
130.6
159.9
177.6
231.3
281.1
311.6
332.8
342.8
382.5

Oxygen

40.5
81.9
124.3
150.3
166.0
212.2
257.3
284.9
303.6
313.0
350.8
441.9
534.0

Argon

40.3
81.9
124.3
150.3
166.0
212.1
257.4
285.0
303.5
312.8
350.0

Carbon
monoxide

40.6
82.0
124.4
150.2
165.8
211.3
255.5
282.2
299.9
308.8
344.3

Air

40.4
81.7
123.9
149.7
165.3
210.3
254.1
280.4
298.4
307.4
343.2
431.4
519.3

Nitrogen

40.5
81.8
123.9
149.6
165.1
209.7
253.1
279.5
297.1
305.9
341.3
429.0
516.1

Neon

40.2
79.9
120.1
144.1
158.6
200.4
240.7
264.8
280.9
289.0
321.5

Hydrogen

39.8
79.7
119.8
143.8
158.2
199.7
239.8
263.9
279.9
288.1
321.0

Helium

39.3
79.8
119.7
143.5
157.9
199.7
241.1
265.1
281.0
288.9
320.8

1 bar = 105 N/m2 = 100 kPa.

16

BSI 08-1999

BS 5355:1976

Appendix A Determination of filling


ratios and developed pressures

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

This appendix details the basis on which the filling


ratios and developed pressures are determined, and
defines the way in which they should be applied in
practice.
A.1 Low pressure liquefiable gases
A.1.1 Filling ratios for single components (see 4.4).
The filling ratio is defined so as to leave a
guaranteed free space of 3 % at the appropriate
reference temperature. It is normally calculated
from the formula
(formula 1)
where
l is the density of liquid phase of gas at the
reference temperature of filling ratio
C is the confidence limit on data for liquid
density %
w is the density of water at 15 C.
Formula 1 assumes that the whole of the contents
are in the liquid phase. If the mass of gas in the
vapour phase is allowed for, slightly greater ratios
could apply, calculated from the formula
(formula 2)
where
g is the density of gaseous phase of gas at the
reference temperature for developed pressure.
NOTE The adjustment afforded by formula 2 is of value only
when density of the gaseous phase exceeds 0.33 g/cm3.

A.1.2 Filling ratio for mixtures except hydrocarbon


gases (see Table 8 to Table 15). Where containers
are to be filled with a mixture of gases or of gases
and liquids, where the liquid densities of the
individual components are known, the filling ratio
can be calculated as follows.
An adjustment shall be made to the percentages of
the components in such a manner as to reduce the
filling ratio. When experience is available, and
figures for tolerances of filling are known, these can
be used. Otherwise a value of 2 % is recommended.
For example, for a mixture of 30 %/70 % H/L where
H is the heavier component, the ratio should be
calculated on the basis of 28 %/72 % H/L.

BSI 08-1999

The formula for a mixture of two components x1/y1


of a/b is
(formula 3)
where
a, b are the densities of liquid phase of
components a and b at the reference temperature
for filling ratio
Ca, Cb are the percentage confidence limits for
liquid densities of components a and b
x1, y1 are the nominal mass fractions of
components a and b
x2, y2 are the mass fractions of components a
and b after correction for tolerances.
The procedure can be extended for mixtures of three
or more components.
A.1.3 Pressure of mixtures (except hydrocarbon
gases). For the purposes of assessing the developed
pressure of a mixture of gases, the contents shall be
assumed to be 100 % of the component with the
highest vapour pressure. However for an azeotrope
which develops a pressure higher than any of its
individual components the pressure of the azeotrope
shall be the value which is to be used.
A.2 High pressure liquefiable gases
A.2.1 Filling ratio for single components (see 4.4).
A.2.1.1 Two phases. When the design of the
container is such that contents when carrying an
HP liquefiable gas are in two phases (e.g. cryogenic
conditions) then the filling ratio is defined as
in A.1.1, except 2 % guaranteed free space is
allowed.
(formula 4)
A.2.1.2 Single phase. Apart from cryogenic
conditions, it is more usual for a high pressure
liquefiable gas to be in a single phase at the
reference temperature. The pressure developed at a
given temperature is dependent on the filling ratio,
and must be determined experimentally.
The maximum filling ratio is that which produces,
at the reference temperature, a developed pressure
equal to the test pressure of the container, or equal
to such lower value as is appropriate depending on
the design of the container.

17

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BS 5355:1976

A.2.2 Filling ratio for mixtures


A.2.2.1 Mixtures, which may be of high pressure
liquefiable gases alone or with low pressure
liquefiable gases, should only be assessed under
such conditions as enable formula 3 to apply i.e. the
filling ratios used are sufficiently low to ensure two
phase conditions (note that the densities used are
those of the liquids at the references temperature
for developed pressure).
A.2.2.2 Higher filling ratios than those obtained
under A.2.2.1 may be permissible but should be
backed by experimental evidence, and application
made under the procedures of Appendix B.
A.3 Permanent gases
A.3.1 Mixtures of permanent gases
A.3.1.1 If a mixture has one component of more
than 98 % by mass, then the charging pressure may
be determined as if the main component
were 100 % of the contents.
A.3.1.2 For mixtures other than those falling
under A.3.1.1 the charging pressure may be
determined as if the component with the highest
ratio of developed pressure at reference
temperature to charging pressure, were 100 % of
the contents (except that components present in
concentrations less than 0.5 % by mass can be
aggregated with the major component).
A.3.2 Mixtures of permanent and liquefiable
gases
A.3.2.1 If one component is a permanent gas of
concentration 98 % or more of the mixture by mass,
then the charging pressure may be determined as if
the main component were 100 % of the contents.
A.3.2.2 For mixtures other than A.3.2.1 approval
shall be sought under the procedures of Appendix B.

Appendix B Filling ratios and


developed pressures not specified in
this standard
For the conveyance by road of gases and gas
mixtures where the filling ratios and developed
pressures are not specified in this standard,
application shall be made to HM Inspectors of
Explosives. It may be necessary to support the
application with a statement of the relevant
chemical and physical properties of these gases or
gas mixtures.
The data should be supported wherever possible by
reference to published papers or by full details of
non-published experimental work, and include the
effect on the properties of specified limits of
impurity in the gas or gas mixture proposed.

18

The temperature range over which the physical


properties are to be submitted should preferably be
that indicated in the following table for the class of
gas concerned to permit as the case may be, the
assessment of the developed pressure/charging
pressure at 15 C relationship for permanent gases
or the filling ratio and developed pressure
requirement for liquefiable gases.
Category of
gas

Property required

Permanent Pressure-volumetemperature relationships


High
Pressure-volumepressure
temperature relationships
liquefiable preferably as pressuretemperature for various
filling ratios
Low
Liquid density/
pressure
temperature relationships
liquefiable
Vapour pressure/
temperature relationships

Temperature
range C

1560
1552.5

1545
1555

The procedure for mixtures of gases of the same


class should follow the procedure laid down for that
class. Mixtures of different classes of gas, including
padding with inert gases for conveyance, are special
cases, and the fullest information shall be supplied
on their behaviour with temperature over the
intended range of mixture composition, following
the lines indicated in the above table.
Where liquefiable gases defined in clause 3 are to be
conveyed at sub-normal temperatures in insulated
containers, the ranges of temperature applicable for
conveyance in exposed naked containers do not
apply, since the contents are maintained, by means
of insulation and/or some form of refrigeration, at
sub-normal temperatures. In such cases the liquid
density/temperature and vapour
pressure/temperature relationships, inclusive of the
effects of any impurity and of any inerts, are
required relative to the maximum permissible
developed pressure, and these data should be given
for a temperature range from 10 C below the
temperature corresponding to the maximum
permissible developed pressure to 10 C above that
corresponding to the test pressure for which the
container is to be designed.

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BS 5355:1976

Appendix C Filling ratios and


developed pressure for countries
other than the United Kingdom

C.5 Filling ratio and developed pressure data for


low pressure liquefiable gases at the reference
temperatures in Table 18 are given in Table 20.

C.1 This appendix gives details of the filling ratios


and developed pressures for liquefiable gases and
developed pressures for permanent gases which
may be used in the design and filling of containers
intended for export of gas from the United Kingdom.
Where the containers are to be filled with gas in the
country of distribution at the prevailing ambient
temperature, the container may be designed using
the criteria contained in the body of this standard.
Statutory requirements for the conveyance of gas
containers in ships or for their conveyance or use in
other countries may preclude the use of these data.
Those intending to export containers from the
United Kingdom, or those intending to supply
containers for shipboard use, should therefore
ascertain the statutory requirements before using
any of the data in this appendix.
C.2 Table 17 classifies countries according to the
absolute maximum shade temperature attained in
those countries.
C.3 Table 18 lists the reference temperatures for
filling ratios and developed pressures according to
the climatic areas given in Table 17.
C.4 Filling ratios and developed pressure data for
high pressure liquefiable gases at the reference
temperatures given in Table 18 are given in
Table 19.

C.6 For mixtures of liquefiable petroleum


gases, Table 21 to Table 30 should be used for
obtaining filling ratios appropriate to the reference
temperature. The density of the mixture should be
determined at a convenient temperature, and for
any given reference temperature the maximum
permissible filling ratio is the value at the
intersection of the row beginning with the value
determined for the density and the column headed
by the temperature at which it was determined.
Table 21, Table 23, Table 27 and Table 29 give the
maximum permissible filling ratios for mixtures of
liquefiable petroleum gases consisting wholly of
saturated hydrocarbons.
Table 20, Table 24, Table 26, Table 28 and Table 30
give the maximum permissible filling ratios for
mixtures of liquefiable petroleum gases consisting
wholly of unsaturated hydrocarbons, or containing
more than 2 % by volume of C2 hydrocarbons.
For mixtures containing both saturated and
unsaturated hydrocarbons reference should be
made to 5.2.7.
C.7 Developed pressure data for permanent gases at
the reference temperatures given in Table 18 are
given in Table 31.

BSI 08-1999

NOTE

See 5.2.3 for mixtures of low pressure liquefiable gases.

19

BS 5355:1976

Table 17 Classification of countries and territories of the world other than the
United Kingdom into climatic areas in relation to observed absolute maximum
shade temperatures
Values asterisked * are assumed, by relation to adjacent countries, in the absence of data for the country
or territory in question.
Values marked by a dagger are the recorded maximum for the country or territory but due to the relative
insufficiency of observations and the proximity of high recorded maxima in bordering countries, the
classification has been raised to avoid anomaly.
Class UK. Maximum shade temperature
Class A. Maximum shade temperature
less than or equal to 35 C
greater than 35 C and less than 37.5 C

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

American Samoa

34

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Nauru

35

Cuba

35.5

Marshall Is.

36.5

Antarctica

New Hebrides

34.5

Curacao

35.5

Martinique

35.5

Ascension

35

Norway

35

Dominica

36

Montserrat

36.5

Azores

31

Peru

34

Dominican Republic 36.5

Nepal

36

Barbados

35

Pitcairn Is.

34

Ecuador

36.5

Netherlands Antillies

Bhutan

31.5*

Puerto Rico

34.5

Fiji Is.

36.5

(see Curacao

Cape Verde Is.

34.5

Reunion

29

Finland

36

and Aruba)

Channel Is.

34

St Helena

34

French Guiana

36

New Caledonia

37

Costa Rica

33.3

Sao Tome and

Galapagos Is.

35.5*

New Zealand

36.5

Denmark

35

Principe Is.

Nicaragua

36*

Easter Is.

31

Seychelles and

Niue Is.

36.5

Falkland Is.

29

Fernando Po

33

Sikkim

Greenland

30

Society Is.

35

South Georgia

29

St Pierre and
Miquelon

28

dependencies

33

Gilbert and Ellis Is. 35.5


Grenada

35.5*

33.5

St. Lucia

36

25*

Guadeloupe and

Panama

36

Panama Canal Zone

36

36*

Poland

36.5

Guyana

37

St.Christopher,

dependencies
Haiti

36.5

15.5

Honduras

36

St. Vincent

36*

Sweden

34.5

Hong Kong

36

Singapore

36

Tibet

31.5

Jamaica

36

Surinam

37

30.5

Tokelau Is.

35

Laccadive, Minicoy

Tonga Is.

36.5

30.5

Tristan Da Cunha

24

Mariana Is.

34.5

United Kingdom

35

Leeward Is.

36.5

Virgin Is. (British)

36.5*

Mauritius

35

Western Samoa

34

Malaysia

37

Virgin Is. (U.S.A.)

36.5*

Maldive Is.

36.5

Windward Is.

36.5*

Guam

34.5

Guatemala

33

Hawaii

32

Iceland
Irish Republic

Spitzbergen
(Svalbard)

and Amindivi Is. 37

Class A. Maximum shade temperature


greater than 35 C and less than 37.5 C
Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Andaman and

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Nevis and Anguilla 36.5

Turks and Caicos Is. 35.5

Class B. Maximum shade temperature equal to


or greater than 37.5 C, less than 42.5 C
Maximum
shade
temperature
C

British Soloman Is. 35.5

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

36.5

Canton Is.

35.5*

Alaska

37.5

Comoro Is.

37.5

Antigua

36.5

Caroline Is.

36.5

Austria

37.5

Congolese Republic

39.5

Aruba

35.5*

Cayman Is.

36*

Belgium

38.5

Czechoslovakia

37.5

Bahamas

35.5

Chile

37

Bolivia

38.5

El Salvador

40.5

Nicobar Is.

Bermuda

37

Christmas Is.

36.5

Brazil

42

Gabon

38.5

Bonaire

35.5*

Colombia

36

Burundi

35.5

Gambia

41

British Honduras

36

Cook Is.

35.5

Canada

42

Germany

39.5

20

BSI 08-1999

BS 5355:1976

Table 17 Classification of countries and territories of the world other than the
United Kingdom into climatic areas in relation to observed absolute maximum
shade temperatures
Class B. Maximum shade temperature equal
to or greater than 37.5 C, less than 42.5 C

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Class C. Maximum shade temperature equal


to or greater than 42.5 C, less than 47.5 C

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Gibraltar

38.5

Papua

39*

Lesotho

44.5

South Yemen

41

Hungary

39.5

Philippines

40.5

Malawi

44

Spain

47

Indonesia

39

Portuguese Guinea

41

Monaco

34

Spanish Guinea

45.5*

Ivory Coast

41

Rumania

40.5

Mexico

47

Swaziland

37

Japan

39

Rwanda

35.5

Muscat and Oman

47

Syria

47

Kenya

40.5

Sierra Leone

39

Nigeria

47

Togo

45*

Korea, N.

39.5

Sri Lanka

40

Paraguay

44

Turkey

46

Korea, S.

39.5

Switzerland

39

Portugal

45.5

U.S.S.R.

45

Uruguay

43

Vatican City

45.5

Liberia

40.5

Taiwan (Formosa)

38.5

Qatar

45

Liechtenstein

38.5*

Tanzania

39

Rhodesia

45.5
*

Luxembourg

37

Thailand

42

San Marino

45.5

Vietnam (North)

43

Maderia Is.

39.5

Timor

38.5

Senegal

47

Vietnam (South)

42

Malta

40.5

Trinidad and Tobago 38.5

Somalia

47

Yemen Arab

Mongolia

38.5

Uganda

39.5

South Africa

44.5

Netherlands

37.5

Venezuela

40

S.W. Africa

Zaire

41

New Guinea,
Territory of

39

Class C. Maximum shade temperature equal


to or greater than 42.5 C, less than 47.5 C
Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

(Namibia)

42

Republic

41

Yugoslavia

42

Zambia

44.5

Class D. Maximum shade temperature equal


to or greater than 47.5 C, less than 52.5 C
Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Afghanistan

44

Mozambique

49

Corsica

39.5

Australia

51.5

Morocco

48

34

Cyprus

46.5

India

49.5

Niger

46.5

43

Dahomey

45

Iran

50.5

Saudi Arabia

48.5

Argentina

46.5

Ethiopia

46

Iraq

51.5

Spanish Western

Bahrain

45

France

44

Kuwait

48.5

Balearic Is.

40

French Somaliland

47

Malagasey Republic 48.5

Bangladesh

44*

Ghana

43

Mauretania

Botswana

44

Greece

45.5

Bulgaria

43.5

Guinea

43

Class E. Maximum shade temperature equal


to or greater than 52.5 C

Burma

44

Israel

46.5

Italy

45.5

Albania

36.5

Andorra
Angola

Cameroon Republic 45.5


Canary Is.

43

Central African
Republic
China

BSI 08-1999

Jordon

43

Khmer Republic

40

Sahara
Upper Volta

49.5
48

49

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Maximum
shade
temperature
C

Algeria

53

Sudan

53

55

47

Laos

45

Chad

49.5

Tunisia

46

Lebanon

41.5

Egypt

51

United States

Libya

58

Pakistan

53

of America

56.5

21

ts
C

Reference temperatures for filling ratio

Reference temperatures for developed pressure

Container volume V

Container volume V

V u 130 litres 130 litres < V u 1 m3 1 m3 < V u 5 m3 V > 5 m3 V u 130 litres 130 litres < V u 1 m3 1 m3 < V u 5 m3 V > 5 m3

45
45
47.5
50
52.5
55

42.5
42.5
47.5
50
52.5
55

42.5
42.5
47.5
50
52.5
55

38
40
45
47.5
52.5
55

55
57.5
60
65
67.5
70

50
52.5
57.5
62.5
65.0
70

47.5
50
55
60
62.5
67.5

42.5
45
50
55
60
65

Low
pressure
liquefiable
gases

UK
A
B
C
D
E

ts u 35
35 < ts < 37.5
37.5 u ts < 42.5
42.5 u ts < 47.5
47.5 u ts < 52.5
52.5 u ts

High
pressure
liquefiable
gases

UK
A
B
C
D
E

ts u 35
35 < ts < 37.5
37.5 u ts < 42.5
42.5 u ts < 47.5
47.5 u ts < 52.5
52.5 u ts

52.5
55
57.5
62.5
67.5
70a

52.5
55
57.5
62.5
67.5
70a

50
52.5
55
60
65.0
67.5

45
47.5
52.5
57.5
60
65

Permanent UK
gases
A
B
C
D
E

ts u 35
35 < ts < 37.5
37.5 u ts < 42.5
42.5 u ts < 47.5
47.5 u ts < 52.5
52.5 u ts

60
62.5
65
67.5
70
72.5

60
62.5
65
67.5
70
72.5

60
62.5
65
67.5
70
72.5

60
62.5
65
67.5
70
72.5

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Category of Climatic
Absolute
contents
area
maximum shade
temperature

When safety devices are fitted to carbon dioxide containers this reference temperature may be reduced to 67.5 C.

BS 5355:1976

22

Table 18 Reference temperatures for filling ratio and for developed pressures with respect to climatic areas

Substance

Carbon dioxide

Ethane

Ethylene

Hydrogen
chloride

Nitrous oxide

Refrigerant 13

Refrigerant
13B1

Sulphur hexafluoride
with up to 1 % nitrogen
impurity W/W

Reference Filling Pressure Filling Pressure Filling Pressure Filling Pressure Filling Pressure Filling Pressure Filling Pressure Filling
temperature ratio
(bar
ratio
(bar
ratio
(bar
ratio
(bar
ratio
(bar
ratio
(bar
ratio
(bar
ratio
gauge)
gauge)
gauge)
gauge)
gauge)
gauge)
gauge)
C

Pressure
(bar gauge)

49.9
152.3
162.9
173.5
184.1
194.7
205.4
216.1
226.8
237.6
248.3
259.1

0.36

33.1
135.8
142.7
150.3
157.2
164.1
171.7
178.6
185.5
193.1
199.9
206.8

0.325

70.3
145.5
151.7
157.9
164.1
171.0
177.2
183.4
189.6
195.8
202.0
208.9

0.78

127.9
140.6
153.2
165.9

0.75

44.1
142.7
153.1
163.4
173.7
183.4
193.7
204.1
215.1
226.1
237.2
248.2

1.09

160.8
169.2
177.5
186.3
194.2

1.60

147.1
158.5
170.2
182.0

1.46

148.1
157.5
166.9
175.8

15
45
47.5
50
52.5
55
57.5
60
62.5
65
67.5
70

0.667

49.9
120.8
128.7
136.8
144.8
152.9
161.1
169.3
177.5
185.7
194.0
202.2

0.32

33.1
93.1
98.6
104.8
110.3
115.8
121.3
126.8
132.4
138.6
144.1
150.3

0.270

57.9
109.6
114.5
118.6
122.7
126.9
131.0
135.8
140.0
144.1
148.2
153.1

0.70

87.6
97.2
107.6
117.9
127.6
137.2
147.5
157.2
167.5
177.9
188.2

0.667

44.1
106.2
113.8
122.0
129.6
137.2
145.5
153.1
161.3
169.6
177.9
186.2

0.97

99.3
105.5
111.7
117.9
124.1
130.3
136.5
142.7
148.9
155.1
161.3

1.51

89.6
99.3
108.2
117.9
126.9
136.5
146.9
156.5
166.2
176.5
186.2

1.34

94.5
102.0
109.6
117.9
125.5
133.8
141.3
148.9
157.2
164.8
172.4

15
45
47.5
50
52.5
55
57.5
60
62.5
65
67.5
70

0.60

49.9
108.3
114.7
121.2
127.7
134.2
140.8
147.4
154.0
160.7
167.8
174.0

0.60

68.9
75.8
82.0
88.9
96.5
104.1
111.0
117.9
125.5
132.4
140.0

0.625

44.1

0.91

80.7
86.2
91.0
96.5
102.0
106.9
112.4
117.9
122.7
128.2
133.8

1.27

72.4
78.6
85.5
91.7
97.9
104.1
111.0
117.2
123.4
130.3
136.5

NOTE

97.2
104.1
111.0
117.9
125.5
132.4
139.3
146.2
153.1
160.0
167.5

The values underlined are higher than the pressure developed by the contents. In these cases the requirement of 5.1.1 2) governs.

BS 5355:1976

0.75

15
45
47.5
50
52.5
55
57.5
60
62.5
65
67.5
70

23

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 19 Filling ratios and developed pressure applicable to high pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges
of container at the reference temperature for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Liquid density data for 43 C and 60 C are quoted to ensure compliance with the over-rider on filling ratio given in 5.2.1.
Substance

Temp.
C

15

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

NOTE

Ammonia

Boron
Butadiene
n-butane
trichloride
1-3

Critical temperature

132.4

178.8

Normal boiling point

33.4

12.7

Liquid density
confidence limit

0.30

0.00

Liquid density g/cm3


0.617
1.344
Vapour pressure bar
6.27
0.103
gauge
Vapour pressure bar

absolute

152

Iso
butane

152

135

4.5

0.5

11.7

0.20

0.50

0.626
2.07

0.50

0.584
0.77

Carbonyl
Chlorine Cyanogen Dimethyl
Chlorine
Ethylamine
chloride
trifluoride chloridea
ether

182
7.6
0.20

0.566
1.54

144
34.1
0.40

1.385
0.31

153
12.0

13.0

0.20

0.50

1.840
0.13

1.179
0.103

1.424
4.76

174b

126.9
24.9
1.00

183
16.6
0.30

0.676
0.688
3.37

0.958

0.590
0.572

1.300
1.223

0.605
0.585

0.563
0.543

0.543
0.524

1.341
1.298

1.371
1.324

1.784
1.727

1.139
1.099

0.647
0.621

0.667
0.645

33

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm

38

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

0.582
0.564

1.293
1.216

0.598
0.578

0.556
0.536

0.537
0.518

1.328
1.285

1.355
1.309

1.768
1.711

1.128
1.088

0.638
0.612

0.661
0.639

40

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

0.579
0.562

1.289
1.211

0.595
0.576

0.554
0.535

0.534
0.515

1.323
1.281

1.349
1.303

1.762
1.706

1.122
1.083

0.635
0.609

0.659
0.637

42.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar
gauge
Filling ratio

0.575
15.63
0.558

1.283
1.67
1.206

0.592
3.65
0.573

0.551
3.05
0.533

0.531
4.60
0.512

1.317
2.26
1.275

1.341
11.02
1.295

1.754
2.39
1.698

1.116
1.88
1.077

0.630
8.45
0.605

0.655
1.46
0.633

43

Liquid density

g/cm3

0.574

1.282

0.591

0.550

0.530

1.316

1.339

1.752

1.115

0.629

0.654

g/cm3

45

Liquid density
Vapour pressure bar
Filling ratio

gauge

0.571
16.80
0.553

1.278
1.88
1.202

0.588
3.97
0.569

0.548
3.34
0.528

0.527
4.99
0.508

1.310
2.50
1.268

1.333
11.86
1.287

1.745
2.68
1.689

1.110
2.12
1.071

0.626
9.07
0.601

0.652
1.68
0.630

47.5

Liquid density g/cm3


gauge
Vapour pressure bar
Filling ratio

0.567
18.02
0.549

1.273
2.08
1.197

0.585
4.32
0.566

0.545
3.68
0.526

0.524
5.36
0.506

1.304
2.79
1.262

1.324
12.54
1.279

1.739
3.04
1.683

1.104
2.37
1.065

0.621
9.71
0.596

0.649
1.90
0.628

50

Liquid density g/cm3


gauge
Vapour pressure bar
Filling ratio

0.563
19.31
0.546

1.268
2.31
1.193

0.582
4.67
0.563

0.542
3.95
0.523

0.520
5.78
0.501

1.297
3.08
1.255

1.316
13.35
1.271

1.729
3.41
1.674

1.098
2.64
1.059

0.617
10.38
0.592

0.646
2.14
0.624

52.5

Liquid density g/cm3


gauge
Vapour pressure bar
Filling ratio

0.558
20.59
0.542

1.262
2.56
1.186

0.578
5.05
0.560

0.538
4.30
0.520

0.516
6.21
0.498

1.291
3.37
1.250

1.307
14.19
1.263

1.723
3.80
1.668

1.092
2.92
1.054

0.612
11.09
0.588

0.643
2.40
0.622

BS 5355:1976

24

Table 20 Filling ratio and vapour pressure data applicable to low pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges
of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Temp.
C

Substance

Ammonia

Boron
Butadiene
Iso
Carbonyl
Chlorine Cyanogen Dimethyl
n-butane
Chlorine
Ethylamine
trichloride
1-3
butane chloride
trifluoride chloridea
ether

55

Liquid density
g/cm3
0.554
Vapour pressure bar
gauge 22.08
Filling ratio
0.537

1.257
2.81
1.182

0.574
5.45
0.555

0.535
4.62
0.516

0.513 1.284
6.64 3.70
0.495 1.242

1.299
15.04
1.254

1.720
4.23
1.665

1.085
3.23
1.047

0.607
11.83
0.582

0.640
2.68
0.618

57.5

Liquid density
g/cm3
0.550
gauge 23.57
Vapour pressure bar

1.251
3.08

0.571
5.86

0.532
5.01

0.509 1.278
7.12 4.01

1.290
15.95

1.708
4.65

1.079
3.55

0.603
12.61

0.636
2.97

60

Liquid density
g/cm3
0.545
Vapour pressure bar
gauge 25.12

1.246
3.36

0.567
6.29

0.528
5.34

0.505 1.271
7.59 4.36

1.281
16.88

1.695
5.14

1.073
3.88

0.598
13.42

0.633
3.28

62.5

Vapour pressure bar

gauge 26.77

3.67

6.74

5.76

8.11

4.72

17.85

5.62

4.24

14.27

3.63

65

Vapour pressure bar

gauge 28.47

3.99

7.21

6.20

8.65

5.08

18.85

6.14

4.62

15.17

3.99

67.5

Vapour pressure bar

gauge 30.24

4.32

7.69

6.55

9.18

5.47

19.86

6.70

5.01

16.08

4.36

70

Vapour pressure bar

gauge 32.09

4.65

8.20

6.96

9.75

5.87

20.92

7.29

5.43

17.05

4.75

a
Densities
b

and filling ratios assume 1.5 % maximum HCN by mass.


Calculated.

BS 5355:1976

25

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 20 Filling ratio and vapour pressure data applicable to low pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges of container at
the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Temp.
C

15

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Ethyl Ethylene Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Methylchloride


oxide
cyanidea fluoride sulphide
amine

Substance

Critical temperature

187.2

195.8

183.5

Normal boiling point

12.3

10.8

25.7

19.5

0.50

0.50

2.50

0.50

Liquid density
confidence limit %

188

Dimethylamine

Trimethylamine

100.4

156.9

164.6

160.2

60.4

6.3

6.9

2.9

1.00

Methyl Methyl Nitrogen


bromide chloride tetroxide

191
3.5

1.00 u 45 C 1.0 u 45 C 1.0 1.00


> 45 C 2.0 > 45 C 2.0

Liquid density g/cm3


0.900
0.876
0.694
0.978
0.800
0.666
0.661
Vapour pressure bar gauge
0.16
0.20

14.53
1.43
0.36
Vapour pressure bar absolute

0.67
0.86

0.639
0.57

1.690
0.58

143.1

158.0

24.1

21.0

0.20

0.50

0.927
1.458
3.28

0.72

33

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

38

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

0.865
0.834

0.845
0.815

0.660
0.624

0.932
0.899

0.737
0.707

0.635
0.609

0.633
0.607

0.610
0.586

1.627
1.562

0.884
0.855

1.401
1.352

40

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

0.862
0.832

0.843
0.813

0.657
0.621

0.928
0.896

0.731
0.702

0.633
0.608

0.630
0.605

0.608
0.583

1.623
1.558

0.880
0.852

1.395
1.346

42.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge
Filling ratio

0.858
1.85
0.828

0.839
2.06
0.810

0.653
0.84
0.617

0.923
1.17
0.891

0.724
28.99
0.695

0.629
5.14
0.604

0.626
2.52
0.601

0.604
2.74
0.580

1.615
2.64
1.550

0.875
8.13
0.847

1.388
1.56
1.340

43

Liquid density

g/cm3

0.857

0.838

0.652

0.922

0.723

0.623

0.625

0.604

1.614

0.874

1.387

0.873
0.842

0.852
0.822

0.668
0.631

0.942
0.909

0.751
0.721

0.643
0.617

0.640
0.614

0.617
0.592

1.641
1.575

0.894
0.865

1.414
1.364

45

Liquid density g/cm


Vapour pressure bar gauge
Filling ratio

0.854
2.03
0.824

0.836
2.30
0.806

0.650
1.00
0.614

0.918
1.35
0.886

0.717
30.22
0.688

0.625
5.64
0.600

0.622
2.92
0.597

0.601
3.02
0.577

1.609
2.91
1.545

0.869
8.74
0.841

1.382
1.85
1.333

47.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge
Filling ratio

0.850
2.30
0.820

0.833
2.56
0.804

0.646
1.18
0.610

0.913
1.54
0.881

0.710
32.37
0.682

0.622
6.14
0.597

0.618
3.16
0.593

0.597
3.30
0.567

1.600
3.18
1.536

0.864
9.38
0.836

1.376
2.14
1.328

50

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge
Filling ratio

0.845
2.54
0.815

0.829
2.84
0.800

0.642
1.37
0.607

0.908
1.74
0.876

0.703
34.18
0.675

0.618
6.69
0.593

0.614
3.53
0.583

0.594
3.56
0.564

1.594
0.859
3.47
10.02
1.530
0.831

1.369
2.48
1.321

52.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge
Filling ratio

0.841
2.81
0.812

0.826
3.14
0.797

0.639
1.57
0.604

0.903
1.96
0.871

0.696
36.09
0.668

0.614
7.27
0.589

0.609
3.89
0.579

0.590
3.89
0.561

1.585
0.853
3.78
10.74
1.521
0.826

1.363
2.83
1.315

BS 5355:1976

26

Table 20 Filling ratio and vapour pressure data applicable to low pressure liquefiable gases in various size
ranges of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Temp.
C

Ethyl Ethylene Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Methyl- Dimethyl- Trimethyl- Methyl Methyl
chloride
oxide
cyanidea fluoride sulphide amine
amine
amine
bromide chloride

Substance

Nitrogen
tetroxide

55

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge
Filling ratio

0.837
3.10
0.807

0.823
3.44
0.794

0.635
1.78
0.600

0.898
2.19
0.866

0.689
38.02
0.661

0.611 0.605
7.89 4.24
0.586 0.575

0.587
4.17
0.558

1.578
4.10
1.515

0.847
11.41
0.819

1.356
3.22
1.308

57.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge

0.833
3.39

0.819
3.76

0.631
2.00

0.893
2.43

0.682
40.18

0.608 0.600
8.57 4.67

0.583
4.52

1.569
4.45

0.842
12.20

1.350
3.65

60

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar gauge

0.828
3.72

0.816
4.11

0.627
2.24

0.888
2.69

0.675
42.35

0.603 0.595
9.26 5.06

0.579
4.84

1.561
4.81

0.836
12.96

1.343
4.10

62.5

Vapour pressure bar

gauge

4.03

4.46

2.49

2.96

44.68

10.02

5.53

5.21

4.98

13.76

4.61

65

Vapour pressure bar

gauge

4.36

4.83

2.75

3.25

47.13

10.81

6.01

5.59

5.59

14.62

5.15

67.5

Vapour pressure bar

gauge

4.75

5.21

3.03

3.56

49.61

11.63

6.45

5.92

6.01

15.42

5.72

70

Vapour pressure bar

gauge

5.14

5.62

3.32

3.88

52.23

12.51

6.94

6.29

6.45

16.29

6.32

BS 5355:1976

27

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 20 Filling ratio and vapour pressure data applicable to low pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges
of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Temp.
C

15

Critical temperature

Normal boiling point

Liquid density
confidence limit

173
5.9

96.8

124.4

91.8

157.5

156.5

112.0

178.5

96.0

153.8

42.1

32.9

47.8

10.0

13.8

29.8

8.9

40.8

4.0

6.1

0.10

0.10

see note 0.50

0.50

0.30

0.20

0.50

0.15

Liquid density g/cm3


1.312 0.509
0.615
0.524
1.395
0.920
1.346
Vapour pressure bar
gauge
1.34
6.33
4.90
7.91
1.80
1.87
3.90
Vapour pressure bar
absolute

0.10

0.10

1.390
0.26

1.231
6.94

144.2a

1.833
0.98

1.352
0.41

1.266
1.215

0.482
0.465

0.589
0.568

0.491
0.474

1.347
1.303

0.884
0.853

1.280
1.239

1.346
1.304

1.163
1.126

1.768
1.713

1.297
1.256

33

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm

38

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

1.253
1.203

0.474
0.457

0.582
0.561

0.482
0.466

1.333
1.290

0.874
0.843

1.261
1.221

1.334
1.292

1.142
1.106

1.749
1.694

1.281
1.241

40

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

1.248
1.188

0.470
0.454

0.579
0.559

0.479
0.463

1.327
1.284

0.870
0.840

1.253
1.213

1.329
1.287

1.133
1.098

1.741
1.687

1.275
1.236

42.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar
gauge
Filling ratio

1.241 0.466
5.01 13.51
1.179 0.449

0.575
11.03
0.555

0.474
16.19
0.458

1.319
6.04
1.277

0.866
5.47
0.835

1.243
9.20
1.203

1.322
2.17
1.281

1.122
15.44
1.087

1.732
3.51
1.678

1.268
2.58
1.228

43

Liquid density

0.465

0.574

0.473

1.318

0.865

1.321

1.321

1.119

1.730

1.266

g/cm3

1.240

g/cm3

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Nitrosyl
CycloSulphur
Vinyl Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant
Propane
Propylene
chloride
propane
dioxide chloride
12
21
22
12B1
133a

Substance

45

Liquid density
Vapour pressure bar
Filling ratio

gauge

1.234 0.461
5.50 14.33
1.173 0.444

0.572
11.79
0.552

0.469
17.20
0.453

1.311
6.63
1.269

0.861
5.92
0.830

1.232
9.83
1.193

1.316
2.42
1.275

1.110
16.45
1.075

1.722
3.83
1.668

1.260
2.85
1.220

47.5

Liquid density g/cm3


Vapour pressure bar
gauge
Filling ratio

1.227 0.456
6.01 15.19
1.166 0.440

0.567
12.55
0.547

0.463
18.19
0.448

1.304
7.14
1.262

1.221
0.856
10.49
6.38
0.835
1.183

1.310
2.68
1.269

1.097
17.51
1.064

1.712
4.15
1.659

1.252
3.15
1.213

50

Liquid density g/cm3


gauge
Vapour pressure bar
Filling ratio

1.221 0.451
6.55 16.09
1.160 0.435

0.563
13.31
0.543

0.459
19.26
0.443

1.296
7.69
1.254

0.851
1.211
6.86
11.18
0.821
1.172

1.303
2.95
1.262

1.085
18.60
1.051

1.702
4.50
1.649

1.245
3.46
1.206

52.5

Liquid density g/cm3


gauge
Vapour pressure bar
Filling ratio

1.214 0.446
7.14 17.02
1.153 0.431

0.559
14.13
0.539

0.452
20.37
0.437

1.288
8.32
1.247

0.846
1.199
7.38
11.90
0.816
1.163

1.297
3.24
1.256

1.072
19.74
1.039

1.692
4.86
1.640

1.237
3.79
1.199

BS 5355:1976

28

Table 20 Filling ratio and vapour pressure data applicable to low pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges
of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Temp.
C

Substance

Nitrosyl
CycloSulphur Vinyl Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant
Propane
Propylene
chloride
propane
dioxide chloride
12
21
22
12B1
133a

55

Liquid density
Vapour pressure
Filling ratio

g/cm3
1.207
bar
gauge 7.76
1.135

0.441 0.554 0.447


18.00 14.96 21.53
0.425 0.534 0.432

1.280
8.89
1.239

0.841 1.189
7.92 12.65
0.811 1.151

1.290
3.55
1.250

1.059
20.93
1.026

1.682
5.24
1.629

1.229
4.13
1.190

57.5

Liquid density
Vapour pressure

g/cm3
1.200
bar
gauge 8.40

0.436 0.550 0.440


18.98 15.86 22.77

1.271
9.59

0.836 1.177
8.50 13.44

1.284
3.87

1.045
22.17

1.672
5.63

1.222
4.48

60

Liquid density
Vapour pressure

g/cm3
1.193
bar
gauge 9.11

0.431 0.546 0.434


20.04 16.75 24.02

1.263
10.22

0.831 1.165
9.10 14.24

1.277
4.21

1.031
23.46

1.661
6.05

1.214
4.87

62.5

Vapour pressure

bar

gauge 9.82

21.11

17.72

25.36

10.95

9.73

15.09

4.56

24.80

6.48

5.27

65

Vapour pressure

bar

gauge 10.58

22.22

18.68

26.75

11.71

10.39

15.98

4.94

26.19

6.93

5.70

67.5

Vapour pressure

bar

gauge 11.38

23.40

19.65

28.17

12.39

11.08

16.89

5.32

27.62

7.40

6.14

70

Vapour pressure

bar

gauge 12.22

24.56

20.62

29.67

13.14

11.80

17.79

5.72

29.05

7.87

6.58

NOTE

t u 39 C 1.0 % 39 C < t u 51 C 2.0 % t > 51 C 5 %.

Calculated.
Refrigerant 114 (Dichlorotetraflouroethane). The data are those for 1,2-dichlor-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane. For 2,2-dichloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane the density is slightly greater and
the vapour pressure slightly less. The filling ratios and developed pressures recommended relate to the former isomer and are applicable to both isomers or to mixtures of them.
b

BS 5355:1976

29

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 20 Filling ratio and vapour pressure data applicable to low pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges
of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Temp.
C

Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant


R115
R142b
R152a

Critical temperature

114.2

145.7

79.9

Normal boiling point

5.9

3.6

39.3

Liquid density
confidence limit

0.20

0.20

15

Liquid density
g/cm3
Vapour pressure bar
gauge

33

Liquid density
Filling ratio

38

0.10

137
9.2
0.10

Refrigerant Refrigerant Mixture R12 88 %


R500
R502
Ethylene oxide 12 %

113.5

105

24.7

33.3

0.10

0.10

90.1
45.6

21.5

0.10

0.10

1.539
1.23

1.486
0.51

1.334
5.74

1.133
1.47

0.924
3.26

1.189
4.82

1.285
7.83

1.294
2.84

g/cm3

1.467
1.420

1.430
1.384

1.244
1.204

1.086
1.053

0.88
0.853

1.127
1.094

1.205
1.17

1.227
1.191

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

1.446
1.399

1.414
1.368

1.213
1.117

1.073
1.04

0.866
0.839

1.109
1.076

1.181
1.147

1.208
1.172

40

Liquid density
Filling ratio

g/cm3

1.437
1.391

1.408
1.363

1.203
1.167

1.067
1.035

0.860
0.834

1.101
1.068

1.170
1.134

1.201
1.165

42.5

Liquid density
g/cm3
Vapour pressure bar
gauge
Filling ratio

1.426
4.30
1.380

1.399
2.59
1.355

1.187
12.77
1.152

1.061
4.63
1.029

0.852
8.77
0.826

1.091
11.09
1.059

1.157
16.60
1.120

1.192
7.39
1.156

43

Liquid density

1.424

1.398

1.186

1.059

0.851

1.089

1.155

1.190

1.415
4.70
1.369

1.391
2.85
1.346

1.174
13.77
1.138

1.054
5.05
1.023

0.844
9.46
0.819

1.082
11.87
1.05

1.144
17.63
1.106

1.182
7.94
1.149

1.048
5.46

0.836
9.74

1.071
12.61

1.13
18.70

1.173
8.42

g/cm3
g/cm3

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Refrigerant Refrigerant
C.318
114a

Substance

45

Liquid density
Vapour pressure bar
Filling ratio

47.5

Liquid density
g/cm3
Vapour pressure bar
Filling ratio

1.403
5.10
1.358

1.382
3.13
1.338

1.158
14.56

50

Liquid density
g/cm
Vapour pressure bar
gauge
Filling ratio

1.391
5.53
1.346

1.374
3.42
1.330

1.143
15.52
1.109

1.041
5.88
1.010

0.828
10.84
0.803

1.061
13.44
1.030

1.115
19.82
1.077

1.164
8.97
1.129

52.5

Liquid density
g/cm3
Vapour pressure bar
gauge
Filling ratio

1.379
5.98
1.335

1.365
3.72
1.321

1.128
16.488
1.094

1.035
6.497
1.004

0.820
11.60
0.795

1.050
14.343
1.019

1.100
20.97
1.061

1.154
9.667
1.120

gauge

BS 5355:1976

30

Table 20 Filling ratio and vapour pressure data applicable to low pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges
of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Temp.
C

Substance

Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant Refrigerant


C.318
114a
R115
R142b
R152a
R500
R502

Mixture R12 88 %
Ethylene oxide 12 %

55

Liquid density
g/cm3
1.367
Vapour pressure bar
gauge 6.45
Filling ratio
1.323

1.356
4.05
1.312

1.113
17.59
1.079

1.028
6.84
0.996

0.812
12.42
0.787

1.040
15.23
1.008

1.085
22.19
1.045

1.145
10.29
1.111

57.5

Liquid density
g/cm3
1.354
Vapour pressure bar
gauge 6.94

1.347
4.39

1.097
18.63

1.022
7.393

0.803
13.32

1.028
16.384

1.068
23.44

1.135
10.844

60

Liquid density
g/cm3
1.342
Vapour pressure bar
gauge 7.46

1.338
4.74

1.081
19.681

1.015
7.944

0.794
14.08

1.017
17.142

1.052
24.75

1.126
11.665

62.5

Vapour pressure bar

gauge 8.00

5.10

20.92

8.289

14.97

18.158

26.11

12.285

65

Vapour pressure bar

gauge 8.57

5.50

22.058

8.978

15.87

19.209

27.52

13.11

67.5

Vapour pressure bar

gauge 9.16

5.90

23.447

9.322

16.90

20.304

28.98

13.80

70

Vapour pressure bar

gauge 9.75

6.30

24.687

10.011

17.87

21.44

30.50

14.55

Refrigerant 114 (Dichlorotetrafluoroethane). The data are those for 1,2-dichlor-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane. For 2,2-dichloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane the density is slightly greater
and the vapour pressure slightly less.

BS 5355:1976

31

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 20 Filling ratio and vapour pressure data applicable to low pressure liquefiable gases in various size ranges
of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Temperature
for density
determination
C

Table 22 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 40 C
Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.419
0.424
0.431
0.436
0.441
0.447
0.454
0.461
0.467
0.473

0.427
0.433
0.439
0.444
0.452
0.456
0.463
0.469
0.475
0.480

0.436
0.441
0.447
0.454
0.459
0.465
0.471
0.477
0.482
0.488

0.445
0.451
0.456
0.462
0.468
0.473
0.479
0.484
0.490
0.496

0.454
0.459
0.465
0.470
0.475
0.481
0.486
0.492
0.498
0.503

0.462
0.467
0.473
0.478
0.483
0.488
0.494
0.499
0.504
0.510

0.470
0.475
0.480
0.485
0.491
0.496
0.501
0.506
0.511
0.516

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.408
0.414
0.419
0.425
0.431
0.437
0.443
0.449
0.454
0.461

0.417
0.423
0.429
0.435
0.440
0.446
0.452
0.457
0.463
0.469

0.427
0.433
0.439
0.444
0.450
0.455
0.461
0.467
0.472
0.478

0.437
0.443
0.449
0.454
0.459
0.465
0.470
0.476
0.481
0.487

0.447
0.453
0.458
0.463
0.469
0.474
0.480
0.485
0.491
0.496

0.457
0.462
0.468
0.473
0.478
0.483
0.489
0.494
0.499
0.505

0.467
0.472
0.477
0.482
0.487
0.492
0.497
0.503
0.508
0.513

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.479
0.485
0.491
0.497
0.504
0.509
0.515
0.521
0.526
0.532

0.486
0.492
0.498
0.504
0.510
0.515
0.521
0.526
0.532
0.538

0.494
0.500
0.505
0.511
0.516
0.522
0.527
0.533
0.538
0.544

0.501
0.506
0.512
0.517
0.523
0.528
0.534
0.539
0.544
0.550

0.508
0.513
0.518
0.524
0.529
0.535
0.540
0.545
0.550
0.556

0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.536
0.541
0.546
0.551
0.556
0.561

0.521
0.526
0.531
0.536
0.541
0.546
0.551
0.557
0.562
0.567

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.466
0.472
0.478
0.484
0.490
0.496
0.502
0.508
0.513
0.519

0.475
0.481
0.486
0.492
0.498
0.504
0.510
0.516
0.522
0.527

0.484
0.490
0.495
0.501
0.507
0.512
0.518
0.524
0.529
0.535

0.593
0.498
0.504
0.509
0.515
0.520
0.526
0.531
0.537
0.542

0.501
0.507
0.512
0.518
0.523
0.528
0.534
0.539
0.544
0.550

0.510
0.515
0.521
0.526
0.531
0.536
0.541
0.547
0.552
0.557

0.518
0.523
0.528
0.533
0.538
0.543
0.549
0.554
0.559
0.564

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.537
0.543
0.549
0.555
0.560
0.566

0.543
0.549
0.555
0.560
0.566
0.571

0.549
0.555
0.560
0.566
0.571
0.577

0.555
0.560
0.566
0.571
0.577
0.582

0.561
0.566
0.571
0.577
0.582
0.587

0.566
0.571
0.577
0.582
0.587
0.592

0.571
0.577
0.582
0.587
0.592
0.597

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.525
0.531
0.537
0.542
0.548
0.554

0.533
0.538
0.544
0.550
0.556
0.561

0.540
0.546
0.552
0.557
0.563
0.569

0.548
0.553
0.559
0.565
0.570
0.576

0.555
0.561
0.566
0.572
0.577
0.583

0.562
0.568
0.573
0.578
0.584
0.589

0.569
0.574
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

BS 5355:1976

32

Table 21 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 40 C

Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

Table 24 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 47.5 C
30

Density
g/cm3

Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

0.404
0.410
0.416
0.422
0.428
0.435
0.442
0.448
0.455
0.462

0.413
0.420
0.425
0.431
0.438
0.444
0.451
0.457
0.464
0.470

0.422
0.428
0.434
0.440
0.446
0.453
0.460
0.466
0.471
0.477

0.431
0.438
0.444
0.450
0.456
0.462
0.468
0.473
0.479
0.485

0.441
0.447
0.453
0.459
0.465
0.470
0.475
0.482
0.487
0.493

0.449
0.455
0.461
0.467
0.472
0.477
0.483
0.488
0.494
0.500

0.458
0.464
0.469
0.474
0.479
0.484
0.490
0.496
0.501
0.506

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.390
0.397
0.403
0.410
0.416
0.422
0.428
0.434
0.440
0.446

0.401
0.407
0.413
0.419
0.425
0.432
0.438
0.444
0.449
0.455

0.412
0.418
0.424
0.430
0.436
0.441
0.447
0.453
0.459
0.465

0.422
0.428
0.434
0.440
0.445
0.451
0.457
0.462
0.468
0.474

0.433
0.439
0.444
0.450
0.455
0.461
0.466
0.472
0.478
0.483

0.443
0.449
0.454
0.459
0.465
0.470
0.476
0.481
0.487
0.492

0.453
0.458
0.463
0.469
0.474
0.479
0.485
0.490
0.496
0.501

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.468
0.474
0.480
0.486
0.492
0.499
0.505
0.510
0.516
0.522

0.475
0.481
0.487
0.494
0.500
0.505
0.511
0.517
0.522
0.528

0.483
0.489
0.496
0.501
0.506
0.512
0.517
0.523
0.529
0.535

0.491
0.496
0.502
0.507
0.513
0.518
0.524
0.529
0.535
0.541

0.498
0.503
0.509
0.514
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.536
0.542
0.548

0.505
0.510
0 515
0.520
0.526
0.531
0.537
0.542
0.548
0.554

0.511
0.516
0.521
0.526
0.532
0.537
0.543
0.548
0.554
0.560

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.452
0.458
0.464
0.470
0.477
0.483
0.489
0.495
0.501
0.508

0.461
0.467
0.473
0.479
0.485
0.491
0.498
0.504
0.510
0.516

0.470
0.476
0.482
0.488
0.494
0.500
0.506
0.512
0.518
0.524

0.480
0.486
0.491
0.497
0.503
0.509
0.515
0.520
0.526
0.532

0.489
0.495
0.500
0.506
0.512
0.517
0.523
0.528
0.534
0.539

0.498
0.503
0.509
0.514
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.536
0.541
0.547

0.506
0.512
0.517
0.522
0.527
0.533
0.538
0.543
0.549
0.554

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.528
0.534
0.540
0.545
0.550
0.557

0.534
0.540
0.545
0.551
0.557
0.563

0.541
0.546
0.551
0.557
0.563
0.569

0.548
0.552
0.557
0.563
0.569
0.575

0.554

0.560

0.565

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.514
0.520
0.526
0.532
0.538
0.544

0.522
0.527
0.533
0.539
0.545
0.551

0.530
0.535
0.541
0.547
0.553
0.559

0.537
0.543
0.549
0.555
0.561
0.566

0.545
0.551
0.556
0.562
0.568
0.573

0.552
0.558
0.564
0.569
0.575
0.580

0.560
0.565
0.570
0.576
0.581
0.586

BS 5355:1976

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

NOTE The value underlined results from the over-riding condition that the container
may not be liquid full at a temperature 5 C above the reference temperature for filling
ratio.

33

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 23 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 47.5 C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Temperature
for density
determination
C

Table 26 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 50 C
Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.397
0.404
0.410
0.417
0.424
0.431
0.438
0.445
0.451
0.459

0.408
0.415
0.421
0.427
0.434
0.441
0.447
0.453
0.461
0.467

0.417
0.424
0.430
0.436
0.442
0.449
0.456
0.462
0.468
0.474

0.427
0.434
0.440
0.446
0.452
0.459
0.465
0.470
0.476
0.482

0.437
0.443
0.449
0.455
0.461
0.467
0.472
0.478
0.484
0.490

0.446
0.451
0.458
0.464
0.469
0.474
0.480
0.485
0.491
0.497

0.455
0.461
0.466
0.471
0.476
0.481
0.488
0.493
0.498
0.503

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.383
0.390
0.397
0.403
0.410
0.417
0.423
0.429
0.436
0.442

0.394
0.401
0.407
0.414
0.420
0.427
0.433
0.439
0.445
0.451

0.405
0.412
0.418
0.425
0.431
0.437
0.443
0.449
0.455
0.460

0.417
0.423
0.429
0.435
0.441
0.446
0.452
0.458
0.464
0.470

0.428
0.434
0.439
0.445
0.451
0.456
0.462
0.468
0.473
0.479

0.438
0.444
0.449
0.455
0.461
0.466
0.472
0.477
0.483
0.488

0.448
0.454
0.459
0.465
0.470
0.475
0.481
0.486
0.492
0.497

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.465
0.471
0.477
0.483
0.489
0.496
0.502
0.508
0.514
0.520

0.472
0.478
0.484
0.491
0.497
0.503
0.509
0.515
0.520
0.525

0.480
0.486
0.492
0.498
0.503
0.509
0.515
0.521
0.526
0.532

0.488
0.493
0.499
0.504
0.510
0.516
0.521
0.526
0.532
0.538

0.496
0.501
0.507
0.512
0.517
0.522
0.527
0.533
0.539
0.545

0.502
0.507
0.513
0.518
0.523
0.528
0.534
0.539
0.545
0.551

0.509
0.514
0.519
0.524
0.529
0.534
0.540
0.545
0.551
0.557

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.448
0.454
0.460
0.466
0.473
0.479
0.485
0.491
0.497
0.504

0.457
0.463
0.469
0.475
0.481
0.487
0.494
0.500
0.506
0.512

0.466
0.472
0.478
0.484
0.490
0.496
0.502
0.508
0.514
0.520

0.476
0.482
0.487
0.493
0.499
0.505
0.511
0.517
0.522
0.528

0.485
0.491
0.496
0.502
0.508
0.513
0.519
0.525
0.531
0.536

0.494
0.499
0.505
0.511
0.516
0.522
0.527
0.533
0.538
0.544

0.503
0.508
0.513
0.519
0.524
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.546
0.551

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.525
0.531
0.537
0.542
0.547
0.553

0.531
0.537
0.543
0.548
0.553
0.560

0.538
0.543
0.548
0.553
0.560
0.566

0.545
0.548
0.553
0.560
0.566
0.571

0.551

0.558

0.563

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.510
0.516
0.522
0.528
0.535
0.541

0.518
0.524
0.530
0.536
0.542
0.548

0.526
0.532
0.538
0.544
0.550
0.556

0.534
0.540
0.546
0.552
0.558
0.563

0.542
0.548
0.553
0.559
0.565
0.570

0.549
0.555
0.561
0.566
0.572
0.577

0.557
0.562
0.567
0.573
0.578
0.584

NOTE The values underlined result from the over-riding condition that the container
may not be liquid full at a temperature 5 C above the reference temperature for filling
ratio.

BS 5355:1976

34

Table 25 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 50 C

Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

Table 28 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 52.5 C
30

Density
g/cm3

Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.392
0.399
0.405
0.412
0.419
0.426
0.432
0.439
0.446
0.453

0.402
0.409
0.415
0.422
0.429
0.435
0.442
0.448
0.454
0.462

0.412
0.418
0.425
0.431
0.437
0.444
0.451
0.457
0.463
0.469

0.422
0.428
0.434
0.441
0.447
0.453
0.460
0.465
0.471
0.477

0.431
0.437
0.443
0.449
0.455
0.462
0.468
0.474
0.479
0.485

0.441
0.446
0.452
0.458
0.464
0.470
0.476
0.481
0.487
0.493

0.450
0.455
0.461
0.466
0.472
0.477
0.483
0.488
0.494
0.499

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.460
0.466
0.473
0.479
0.485
0.492
0.498
0.504
0.510
0.517

0.468
0.474
0.480
0.487
0.493
0.499
0.505
0.511
0.517
0.522

0.476
0.482
0.488
0.494
0.499
0.505
0.512
0.518
0.523
0.529

0.483
0.489
0.495
0.500
0.506
0.512
0.518
0.523
0.529
0.535

0.491
0.497
0.502
0.508
0.513
0.519
0.525
0.530
0.536
0.542

0.498
0.503
0.509
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.531
0.536
0.542
0.548

0.505
0.510
0.516
0.521
0.526
0.531
0.537
0.542
0.548
0.554

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.522
0.528
0.534
0.540
0.545
0.551

0.528
0.534
0.540
0.546
0.551
0.558

0.535
0.540
0.546
0.552
0.558
0.564

0.541
0.546
0.551
0.558
0.564
0.569

0.548

0.555

0.561

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545
0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595
0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.374
0.381
0.388
0.395
0.402
0.409
0.415
0.422
0.429
0.436
0.442
0.448
0.454
0.461
0.467
0.474
0.480
0.486
0.492
0.499
0.505
0.512
0.518
0.524
0.531
0.537

0.385
0.392
0.399
0.406
0.413
0.419
0.425
0.433
0.439
0.445
0.451
0.457
0.464
0.470
0.476
0.482
0.489
0.495
0.501
0.507
0.514
0.520
0.526
0.532
0.538
0.545

0.397
0.404
0.411
0.417
0.424
0.431
0.437
0.443
0.449
0.455
0.461
0.467
0.473
0.479
0.485
0.491
0.497
0.504
0.510
0.516
0.522
0.528
0.534
0.540
0.546
0.553

0.409
0.415
0.421
0.428
0.435
0.441
0.446
0.452
0.458
0.464
0.470
0.476
0.482
0.488
0.494
0.500
0.506
0.512
0.518
0.524
0.530
0.536
0.542
0.548
0.554
0.560

0.420
0.427
0.433
0.439
0.445
0.450
0.456
0.462
0.468
0.474
0.480
0.486
0.491
0.497
0.503
0.509
0.515
0.521
0.527
0.532
0.538
0.544
0.550
0.556
0.562
0.567

0.432
0.438
0.443
0.449
0.455
0.460
0.466
0.472
0.478
0.483
0.489
0.494
0.500
0.506
0.512
0.517
0.523
0.529
0.534
0.540
0.546
0.551
0.557
0.563
0.569
0.574

0.442
0.447
0.453
0.459
0.465
0.470
0.476
0.481
0.487
0.492
0.498
0.503
0.509
0.514
0.520
0.526
0.531
0.536
0.542
0.547
0.553
0.559
0.564
0.570
0.575
0.581

NOTE The values underlined result from the over-riding condition that the container
may not be liquid full at a temperature 5 C above the reference temperature for filling
ratio.

BS 5355:1976

35

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BSI 08-1999

Table 27 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 52.5 C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

BSI 08-1999

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Temperature
for density
determination
C

Table 30 Filling ratios for liquefied unsaturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 55 C
Temperature
for density
determination
C

10

15

20

25

30

Density
g/cm3

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.388
0.394
0.401
0.408
0.415
0.421
0.427
0.434
0.442
0.448

0.397
0.403
0.410
0.417
0.424
0.430
0.437
0.444
0.450
0.457

0.407
0.413
0.420
0.427
0.433
0.440
0.446
0.452
0.459
0.465

0.417
0.423
0.429
0.436
0.442
0.448
0.455
0.461
0.467
0.473

0.426
0.432
0.438
0.444
0.450
0.457
0.464
0.470
0.475
0.481

0.436
0.442
0.447
0.453
0.460
0.466
0.472
0.477
0.483
0.489

0.445
0.450
0.456
0.462
0.468
0.473
0.479
0.484
0.490
0.496

0.500
0.505
0.510
0.515
0.520
0.525
0.530
0.535
0.540
0.545

0.365
0.372
0.380
0.387
0.394
0.401
0.407
0.415
0.422
0.429

0.377
0.384
0.391
0.398
0.405
0.412
0.418
0.425
0.433
0.440

0.389
0.396
0.402
0.409
0.416
0.423
0.430
0.437
0.443
0.450

0.401
0.407
0.414
0.421
0.427
0.434
0.441
0.447
0.453
0.459

0.413
0.419
0.426
0.433
0.439
0.445
0.451
0.457
0.463
0.469

0.425
0.431
0.437
0.444
0.450
0.455
0.461
0.467
0.473
0.479

0.436
0.442
0.448
0.454
0.460
0.465
0.471
0.477
0.482
0.488

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.456
0.462
0.469
0.475
0.481
0.488
0.494
0.500
0.507
0.514

0.464
0.470
0.477
0.483
0.489
0.495
0.502
0.508
0.514
0.520

0.472
0.478
0.484
0.490
0.496
0.502
0.509
0.515
0.521
0.527

0.479
0.485
0.491
0.497
0.503
0.509
0.515
0.521
0.527
0.533

0.487
0.493
0.498
0.504
0.510
0.517
0.523
0.528
0.533
0.539

0.495
0.500
0.505
0.512
0.518
0.523
0.529
0.534
0.539
0.546

0.502
0.507
0.513
0.519
0.524
0.529
0.534
0.540
0.546
0.552

0.550
0.555
0.560
0.565
0.570
0.575
0.580
0.585
0.590
0.595

0.436
0.443
0.449
0.456
0.462
0.469
0.475
0.482
0.488
0.495

0.446
0.452
0.459
0.465
0.471
0.478
0.484
0.491
0.497
0.503

0.456
0.462
0.468
0.475
0.481
0.487
0.493
0.500
0.506
0.512

0.465
0.472
0.478
0.484
0.490
0.496
0.502
0.508
0.514
0.520

0.475
0.481
0.487
0.493
0.499
0.505
0.511
0.517
0.523
0.529

0.484
0.490
0.496
0.502
0.508
0.514
0.519
0.525
0.531
0.537

0.493
0.499
0.505
0.510
0.516
0.522
0.527
0.533
0.539
0.544

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.520
0.526
0.532
0.538
0.544
0.549

0.526
0.532
0.538
0.544
0.549
0.556

0.532
0.538
0.544
0.549
0.556
0.562

0.539
0.544
0.549
0.556
0.562
0.568

0.545

0.552

0.559

0.600
0.605
0.610
0.615
0.620
0.625

0.501
0.508
0.514
0.521
0.527
0.533

0.510
0.516
0.522
0.529
0.535
0.542

0.518
0.525
0.531
0.537
0.543
0.550

0.527
0.533
0.539
0.545
0.551
0.557

0.535
0.541
0.547
0.553
0.559
0.565

0.543
0.548
0.554
0.560
0.566
0.572

0.550
0.556
0.561
0.567
0.573
0.578

NOTE The values underlined result from the over-riding condition that the container
may not be liquid full at a temperature 5 C above the reference temperature for filling
ratio.

BS 5355:1976

36

Table 29 Filling ratios for liquefied saturated


hydrocarbon gases, reference temperature 55 C

BS 5355:1976

Table 31 Developed pressures applicable to permanent gases in various size ranges


of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Gas

Charging pressure
at 15 C bar (gauge)

Developed pressure at reference temperature bar (gauge)


60.0 C

62.5 C

65.0 C

67.5 C

70.0 C

72.5C

Methane

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8

41.1
84.6
130.6
159.9
177.6
231.3
281.1
311.6
332.8
342.8
382.5

41.4
85.4
132.1
161.7
179.9
234.4
285.2
316.5
337.8
347.8
388.2

41.8
86.3
133.6
164.0
182.2
237.6
289.4
321.2
342.5
352.9
394.1

42.2
87.2
135.1
166.0
184.4
240.6
293.5
325.7
347.4
357.9
400.0

42.5
88.0
136.7
168.0
186.7
243.9
297.7
330.3
352.2
362.9
405.9

42.9
88.9
138.2
170.0
189.0
247.2
301.9
335.0
357.0
368.0
411.8

Oxygen

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8
344.7
413.7

40.5
81.9
124.3
150.3
166.0
212.2
257.3
284.9
303.6
313.0
350.8
441.9
534.0

40.8
82.7
125.8
152.1
167.8
214.4
260.0
288.1
307.0
316.5
354.4
447.3
540.7

41.2
83.5
126.9
153.6
169.4
216.7
262.9
291.2
310.3
320.1
358.8
452.7
547.4

41.5
84.2
128.0
155.0
171.1
218.9
265.8
294.4
313.7
323.6
362.9
458.1
554.0

41.8
84.9
129.2
156.4
172.7
221.2
268.7
297.6
317.1
327.1
367.1
463.4
560.6

42.1
85.7
130.4
158.0
174.4
223.4
271.4
300.8
320.5
330.5
370.9
468.8
567.2

Argon

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8

40.3
81.9
124.3
150.3
166.0
212.1
257.4
285.0
303.5
312.8
350.0

40.6
82.7
125.5
151.8
167.7
214.3
260.1
288.1
307.0
316.4
354.0

41.0
83.4
126.7
153.3
169.3
216.5
263.0
291.3
310.4
319.9
358.1

41.3
84.1
127.8
154.8
170.9
218.8
265.9
294.5
313.8
323.4
362.2

41.6
84.8
129.0
156.2
172.5
221.0
268.6
297.6
317.2
327.0
366.2

42.0
85.6
130.2
157.7
174.2
223.2
271.4
300.8
320.5
330.5
370.3

Carbon
monoxide

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8

40.6
82.0
124.4
150.2
165.8
211.3
255.5
282.2
299.9
308.8
344.3

40.9
82.7
125.5
151.8
167.4
213.5
258.1
285.2
303.2
312.1
348.0

41.2
83.5
126.7
153.2
169.1
215.6
260.8
288.1
306.3
315.4
351.7

41.6
84.2
127.9
154.6
170.6
217.7
263.4
291.1
309.5
318.7
355.4

41.9
84.9
129.0
156.0
172.3
219.9
266.1
294.1
312.8
322.1
359.2

42.1
85.7
130.2
157.5
173.9
222.0
268.8
297.0
315.9
325.3
362.9

BSI 08-1999

37

BS 5355:1976

Table 31 Developed pressures applicable to permanent gases in various size ranges


of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Gas

Charging pressure
at 15 C bar (gauge)

Developed pressure at reference temperature bar (gauge)


60.0 C

62.5 C

65.0 C

67.5 C

70.0 C

72.5C

Air

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8
345.0
413.7

40.4
81.7
123.9
149.7
165.3
210.3
254.1
280.4
298.4
307.4
343.2
431.7
519.5

40.8
81.8
125.2
151.3
166.8
212.4
256.6
283.5
301.6
310.7
346.7
436.5
525.4

41.1
82.5
126.3
152.6
168.4
214.4
259.2
286.6
304.8
313.9
350.9
441.4
531.2

41.5
83.2
127.5
154.0
170.0
216.6
261.9
289.4
308.0
317.3
354.5
446.1
537.1

41.8
84.6
128.6
155.5
171.5
218.7
264.4
292.3
311.2
320.5
358.1
450.9
542.9

42.2
85.4
129.8
156.9
173.1
220.8
267.2
295.2
314.2
323.7
361.8
455.6
548.6

Nitrogen

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8
345.0
413.7

40.5
81.8
123.9
149.6
165.1
209.7
253.1
279.5
297.1
305.9
341.3
429.2
516.3

40.9
82.5
125.1
151.0
166.6
211.8
255.7
282.3
300.2
309.1
344.9
433.9
521.9

41.2
83.2
126.2
152.4
168.2
213.8
258.2
285.2
303.3
312.3
348.5
438.5
527.6

41.5
83.9
127.4
153.8
169.7
215.9
260.8
288.0
306.4
315.5
352.0
443.2
533.2

41.8
84.6
128.4
155.2
171.1
218.0
263.4
290.9
309.5
318.7
355.6
447.8
538.8

42.2
85.3
129.6
156.6
172.8
220.0
266.0
293.8
312.6
322.0
359.2
452.4
544.5

Neon

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8

40.2
79.9
120.1
144.1
158.6
200.4
240.7
264.8
280.9
289.0
321.5

40.3
80.6
121.1
145.3
159.9
202.0
242.6
267.0
283.1
291.3
324.0

40.6
81.2
122.0
146.4
161.1
203.5
244.4
269.2
285.3
293.6
326.6

40.9
81.9
122.9
147.6
162.3
205.1
246.3
271.4
287.5
295.8
329.2

41.2
82.5
123.8
148.6
163.5
206.7
248.2
273.6
289.7
298.1
331.6

41.5
83.1
124.7
149.8
164.8
208.2
250.1
275.9
291.9
300.3
335.1

38

BSI 08-1999

BS 5355:1976

Table 31 Developed pressures applicable to permanent gases in various size ranges


of container at the reference temperatures for the climatic areas given in Table 18

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Gas

Charging
pressure at 15 C
bar (gauge)

Developed pressure at reference temperature bar (gauge)


60.0 C

62.5 C

65.0 C

67.5 C

70.0 C

72.5C

Hydrogen

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8

39.8
79.7
119.8
143.8
158.2
199.7
239.8
263.9
279.9
288.1
321.0

40.1
80.4
120.7
144.9
159.3
201.4
241.7
265.9
282.0
290.3
323.6

40.4
81.0
121.6
146.0
160.5
202.9
243.4
267.9
284.1
292.5
326.3

40.8
81.6
122.6
147.1
161.7
204.4
245.3
269.9
286.3
294.8
329.0

41.0
82.2
123.5
148.2
162.9
206.0
247.1
271.9
288.3
297.0
331.7

41.3
82.8
124.4
149.3
164.1
207.5
248.9
273.9
290.5
299.2
334.4

Helium

34.5
68.9
103.4
124.1
136.5
172.4
206.8
227.5
241.3
248.2
275.8

39.3
79.8
119.7
143.5
157.9
199.7
241.1
265.1
281.0
288.9
320.8

39.6
80.5
120.6
144.6
159.1
201.2
242.8
267.1
283.0
291.0
323.1

39.9
81.1
121.5
145.8
160.2
202.7
244.5
269.0
285.1
293.2
325.4

40.3
81.7
122.4
146.8
161.5
204.2
246.2
271.0
287.2
295.3
329.8

40.6
82.2
123.3
147.8
162.6
205.7
247.9
272.9
289.2
297.4
332.0

40.9
82.9
124.2
148.9
163.8
207.2
249.7
274.8
291.2
299.5
334.4

BSI 08-1999

39

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

40

blank

BS 5355:1976

Publications referred to

Licensed Copy: Elf Oil KINNARD, Elf Oil Uk (Milford), 11 November 2002, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BS 399, High carbon steel cylinders for the storage and transport of permanent gases.
BS 400, Low carbon steel cylinders for the storage and transport of permanent gases.
BS 401, Steel cylinders for the storage and transport of liquefiable gases.
BS 1045, Manganese steel gas cylinders for atmospheric gases.
BS 1287, High carbon steel gas cylinders for carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and ethylene.
BS 1288, Manganese steel gas cylinders for carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and ethylene.
BS 1500, Fusion welded pressure vessels for general purposes.
BS 1515, Fusion welded pressure vessels for use in the chemical, petroleum and allied industries.
BS 1736, Filling ratios for liquefiable gases.
BS 4250, Commercial butane and propane.
BS 4580, Number designation of organic refrigerants.
BS ...., Periodic inspection, maintenance and testing of gas containers (in preparation).

BSI 08-1999

BS 5355:1976

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