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Digital India Week

(02nd July 07th July, 2015)

Prof. (Dr.) Sunil Kr Pandey


Professor & Director (IT)

Institute of Technology & Science


Mohan Nagar, Ghaziabad

Digital India Programme (DIP)


DIP aims to transform India into a digitally empowered society and
knowledge economy.
It aims to make all citizens digitally literate and bring internet and egovernance to all sections of the society.
The focus is on being transformative to realize
IT (Indian Talent) + IT (Information Technology) = IT (India Tomorrow)

The vision of Digital India programme aims at inclusive growth in areas of


electronic services, products, manufacturing and job opportunities etc.
Focuses on three key vision areas of:
Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen
Governance and Services on Demand and
Digital Empowerment of Citizens

Projects and Policies of DIP


1) Digital Locker System
2) eSign framework would allow citizens to digitally sign a document online
using Aadhaar authentication.

3) National Scholarships Portal is a one stop solution for end to end


scholarship process right from submission of student application, verification,
sanction and disbursal to end beneficiary for all the scholarships provided by the GoI.

4) BSNL has introduced Next Generation Network (NGN), to replace


30 year old exchanges, which is an IP based technology to manage all types of
services like voice, data, multimedia/ video and other types of packet switched
communication services.

5) Bharat Net, a high speed digital highway to connect all 2.5 lakh Gram
Panchayats of country. This would be the worlds largest rural broadband
connectivity project using optical fibre.

6) BSNL has undertaken large scale deployment of Wi-Fi hotspots throughout


the country. The user can latch on the BSNL Wi-Fi network through their mobile
devices.

Contd.
7) Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Mobile app

8) The Online Registration System (ORS)

under the
eHospital application has been introduced. This application provides
important services such as online registration, payment of fees and
appointment, online diagnostic reports, enquiring availability of blood
online etc.

9) MyGov.in

has been implemented as a platform for citizen


engagement in governance, through a Discuss, Do and
Disseminate approach. The mobile App for MyGov would bring these
features to users on a mobile phone.

10) DeitY has undertaken an initiative namely Digitize India Platform

(DIP) for large scale digitization of records in the country that would
facilitate efficient delivery of services to the citizens.

Contd.
Policy initiatives have also been undertaken by DeitY in
the e- Governance domain like:
1. e-Kranti Framework - focuses on electronic delivery of services whether it
is education, health, agriculture, justice and financial inclusion.

2. Policy on Adoption of Open Source Software for GoI


3. Framework for Adoption of Open Source S/w in e-Governance
Systems
4. Policy on Open Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for GoI
5. E-mail Policy of Government of India
6. Policy on Use of IT Resources of Government of India
7. Policy on Collaborative Application Development by Opening the
Source Code of Government Applications
8. Application Development & Re-Engineering Guidelines for Cloud
Ready Applications

Other Important Policies


BPO Policy has been approved to create BPO centres in different North
Eastern states and also in smaller towns of other states.

Business process re-engineeering will be undertaken to improve processes


and service delivery. Services will be integrated with UIDAI, payment gateway
and mobile platform.
Electronics Development Fund (EDF) Policy aims to promote Innovation,
R&D, Product Development and to create a resource pool of IP within the
country to create a self-sustaining eco-system of Venture Funds.
National Centre for Flexible Electronics (NCFlexE) is an initiative of
Government of India to promote research and innovation in the emerging area
of Flexible Electronics.
Centre of Excellence on Internet on Things (IoT) is a joint initiative of
Department of Electronics & Information Technology (DeitY), ERNET and
NASSCOM.

Digital India Mission Expected to fueling


the economic growth with huge Investment

Impact of Digital India Programme


Digital India has drawn investments worth Rs 4.5 lakh crore and will create 18
lakh jobs
To move ahead from IT-enabled services to IT-enabled society
People of 31 Gram Panchayats across 14 States watched the Digital India
event through web conferencing, powered by NOFN's BharatNet network
E-governance is going to change into m-governance or mobile governance.
DigitalIndia aims at 1.2 billion connected Indians drive innovation. A dream of
a Digital India where the world looks to India for the next innovation, a Digital
India where ICT enabled citizen-government interface is incorruptible,
BSNL already has 55 Next Generation Network in place to replace 30-yearold exchanges; their number will grow to 683 by year end. BSNL also has 53
active Wi-Fi hotspots, and aims to have 2500 Wi-Fi hotspots by the end of
2015.
Government is launching apps for Swachh Bharat Mission, PayGov and
MyGov, and setting up National Centre for Flexible Electronics and National
Insititute for IoT (Internet of Things).

Industry Responds warmly


The government had approved the programme comprising various
projects worth over Rs. 1,00,000 crores to transform the country
into a digitally empowered knowledge economy.
Reliance Jio Infocomm will invest Rs 2,50,000 crore as part of
Digital India programme Sri. Mukesh Ambani, Chairman - RIL
TCS aims to hire 60,000 IT professionals this year, and has
partnered with the government for projects like Passport Seva and
income tax e-filing, as well as state-level projects Sri. Cyrus
Mistry, chairman of Tata Group
Digital India initiative will democratize the nation and "break down
the digital divide in India Sri. Azim Premji, Chairman Wipro
Birla Group will invest $2 billion electronic manufacturing, energy
storage, smart cities and Internet of Things over next the 5 years. Sri. Kumar Mangalam Birla, Chairman Birla Group

Contd.
Additionally, Idea Cellular will be a partner of the government in Digital India,
and will invest $7 billion over 5 years for network rollout & enhancements,
broadband implementation and Wi-Fi deployment. It will also launch weather
forecasting advisories and mandi price services for farmers, along with a
mobile wallet. -Sri. Kumar Mangalam Birla, Chairman Birla Group
Reliance Group will invest Rs 10,000 Crore in tech projects as part of Digital
India. The company's upcoming five fully operational Cloud Xchange points
that "can help government departments access 240 times the amount of
compute power currently available in government data centres, and over 6
times the high-speed storage currently available in India. Sri. Anil Ambani
Chariman of Reliance Group

Bharti Group will spend $16 billion across urban and rural areas as part of the
Digital India campaign and will start manufacturing in India to reduce the
import burden. Sri. Bharti Enterprises chairman and group CEO, Sunil Bharti
Mittal

S.No. Company

Amount to be
invested

Purpose

Govt. of India

1,00,000 Crore

to transform the country into a digitally


empowered knowledge economy

2.

TCS

To hire 60,000

Professionals to implement DIP

Reliance Jio

Rs. 2,50,000 Crore

Infocomm

Reliance Group

Rs. 10,000 Crore

To create 05 fully operational Cloud


Xchange points that "can help government
departments access 240 times the amount
of compute power currently available in
government data centres, and over 6 times
the high-speed storage currently available
in India.

5.

Bharti Enterprises $ 16 Billion

as part of the Digital India campaign and


will start manufacturing in India to reduce
the import burden

Vednata

Rs. 4,000/- Crore

to expand fibre and cable manufacturing


capacity

Bilra Group

$ 2 Billion

for network rollout & enhancements,


broadband implementation and Wi-Fi
deployment.

Idea Cellular

$ 7 Billion

And many more in the list..

Challenges of Digital India Mission


1. Infrastructure
Digital India aims to have broadband networks that will span
India's cities, towns and 250,000 villages by end-2016, along
with a system of networks and data centres called the National
Information Infrastructure.
Experience shows that it is communications and content, not
empty pipes, that drive network usage. And manufacturing
content is not a government strength.
For example mobile broadband use has exploded, currently
standing at 85 million users, driven by apps like Facebook and
WhatsApp, and the sharing of images and videos.
This project needs content and service partnerships with
telecom companies and other firms, with new entrepreneurs.

2. Universal Access to Phones


This focuses on mobile network penetration, with a plan to fill
the gaps in connectivity in India by 2018. Though mobile
networks have reached most populated parts of India, but still
42,300 villages still exist outside the reach of a mobile signal.
"Universal access" does not, however, guarantee a working
network. Even in its major cities, India's mobile network is so
stressed that many say it's broken, with call failures and drops a
common complaint.
An intense shortage of spectrum has driven up costs and driven
down service quality for India's telecom industry. But the
problem is much bigger than dropped calls. As many as 85% of
India's 100 million broadband users are mobile.
As users ramp up multimedia use, and the next 100 million
mobile broadband users come on board, networks will not be
able to keep up. Digital India needs more spectrum.

3. Public Internet Access


This aims to increase the number of government-run
facilities (Common Service Centres or CSC) that provide
digital services to citizens, especially in remote or rural
areas with low connectivity.
The objective is to increase the 140,000 facilities to 250,000,
or one in nearly every village. It also aims to convert
150,000 post offices into multi-service centres. The vision is
that the longest distance a villager or tribesperson should have
to travel should be to the nearest CSC.
This project was first approved in 2006, but moved slowly in
its initial years. One of the big boosts from Digital India could
be the dramatic ramp-up the mega-project is setting as a
target. Citizen services will be one driver of adoption.

4. e-Governance: Reforming
Government through Technology
For decades, hundreds of e-governance projects have been
piloted across India. Many were quick successes that however
died out once the chief promoter, often a bureaucrat on a twoyear posting, moved on.
The processes and services include digitising manual databases,
introducing online applications and tracking, using online
repositories for citizen documents, introducing publicly-visible
government workflow automation, and public grievance redress.

Experts say that almost every e-governance project that India


needs has been successfully piloted somewhere in the country.
The daunting task for Digital India will be to take successful pilot
projects, replicate and scale them up.

5. e-Kranti - Electronic Delivery of Services


e-Kranti comprises 41 large e-governance initiatives, called "mission
mode projects".
They span e-education (all schools to get broadband and free wi-fi, as
well as MOOCs - Massive Online Open Courses), e-Healthcare and
technology for farming, security, financial inclusion, justice, planning
and cyber-security.
The sheer scale of these projects helps ensure that they do not meet
the fate of most e-governance projects in India, which remain pilots.
Several have been completed successfully, including the overhauled
passport service, and the "MCA21" project for company registration
from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

6. Information for All


This set of web, mobile and social media platforms aims to
connect citizens with the government. It is already well under
way, both on social media, and the citizen portal MyGov.in.
The present BJP-led government has been widely lauded for its
social-media savvy and its use of digital outreach tools. Prime
minister Narendra Modi is one of the world's most influential
Twitter users, with over 13 million followers (and another 7
million on his official @PMOIndia account)
But critics say that these digital channels are used mostly in
broadcast mode, with Mr Modi responding to very few, filtered,
questions, and no criticism, especially from media. His
supporters say he uses them to connect directly to citizens,
bypassing media.

7. Electronics Manufacturing
This plan aims for "net zero imports" in electronics, or imports that match
exports by value, by 2020. This is ambitious.
As of now, India stands to import three quarters of the $400bn worth of
electronics products it will consume in the next five years.
Hardware exports as of now are still under $10bn. This calls for a very big
ramp-up in local manufacturing.
The plan includes incentives for big chip fabrication as well for mobile and settop box manufacturers, and clusters and incubators for start-ups.
That's probably the biggest push and global image makeover being attempted
by the Modi government, via its "Make in India" campaign launched last year.
Critics of the programme say that the "manufacturing first" focus can slow
progress when the objective should be on something else, like education
(such as with the UPA government's Aakaash tablet programme).
There is also a school of thought that "net zero" imports should be seen on a
wider canvas - for instance across technology products and services.
India exports nearly $100bn worth of technology and business process
services.

8. IT for Jobs
This is a project to train 10 million students from smaller
towns and villages for IT sector jobs over five years.
Among the plans: Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)
locations in every north-eastern state, 300,000 service
delivery agents to be trained for IT services, and 500,000
rural workers to be trained by telecom operators for their
own needs.
The challenge here is not just the numbers, but quality.
The technology sector increasingly finds that the
dwindling manpower resources available for its jobs are
under-trained and mismatched to its needs.
Most firms are forced to invest a great deal into their
own training for "fresher" recruits.

9. Early Harvest Programmes


These are the low-hanging fruit, and the projects already under way.
For instance, a new messaging platform for government employees has over
13 million mobiles and 2 million emails in the database; biometric
attendance for all central government offices in Delhi, wi-fi in universities and
in public locations, eBooks in schools, SMS-based weather information,
disaster alerts.
The challenge remains usage. For instance, the project aims to provide
secure email as the primary form of communications within the government,
and to the outside world.
Official email has been available for well over a decade in India, though its
security is debatable. Yet most government officials and politicians prefer to
use personal email services from Gmail and other public providers that can
be accessed on their mobile phones.
Most experts see this as a huge risk.

Summary
Though there are prevailing issues which needs to be addressed for success
of an ambitious project like Digital India, experts believe the Digital India
vision can transform India into a connected knowledge economy with strong
leadership and the governments collaboration with the tech companies many of them are already playing a key role in creating next generation
infrastructure for the governments Digital India initiative.
Digital India Initiatives would provide the much-needed impetus to the
economic growth - given its focus on key social and industry sectors.
Not only IT/ITeS, telecom, electronics manufacturing sectors would be
benefited from Digital India, but we would see positive impact on other
industry sectors as well, like Power Sector and Banking and Financial
Services
To sum-up Digital India is no longer an initiative by the government, it has
evolved into a revolution, a movement.

For details please visit..


http://www.digitalindia.gov.in/
http://deity.gov.in/

Thank You!
Dr. Sunil Kr Pandey,
I.T.S, Mohan Nagar, Ghaziabad
www.its.edu.in