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Aa =

Av =
Fa =
Fv =
I=

0.25
0.25
1.15
1.55
1

To =
Tc =
TL =

0.134783
0.646957
3.72

Sa,i =
Sa,max =

0.2875
0.71875

Kn =
Kmin =

0.465
1.7298

DT =
T
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
0.55
0.6
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.95
1
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
1.25
1.3
1.35
1.4
1.45

Espectro de diseo
NSR10
Bucaramanga
Grupo I
Suelo tipo C

0.05
Sa
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.715385
0.664286
0.62
0.58125
0.547059
0.516667
0.489474
0.465
0.442857
0.422727
0.404348
0.3875
0.372
0.357692
0.344444
0.332143
0.32069

Sa
0.2875
0.44748
0.60746
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.71875
0.715385
0.664286
0.62
0.58125
0.547059
0.516667
0.489474
0.465
0.442857
0.422727
0.404348
0.3875
0.372
0.357692
0.344444
0.332143
0.32069

0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

1.5
1.55
1.6
1.65
1.7
1.75
1.8
1.85
1.9
1.95
2
2.05
2.1
2.15
2.2
2.25
2.3
2.35
2.4
2.45
2.5
2.55
2.6
2.65
2.7
2.75
2.8
2.85
2.9
2.95
3
3.05
3.1
3.15
3.2
3.25
3.3
3.35
3.4
3.45
3.5
3.55
3.6
3.65
3.7
3.75
3.8
3.85
3.9
3.95

0.31
0.3
0.290625
0.281818
0.273529
0.265714
0.258333
0.251351
0.244737
0.238462
0.2325
0.226829
0.221429
0.216279
0.211364
0.206667
0.202174
0.197872
0.19375
0.189796
0.186
0.182353
0.178846
0.175472
0.172222
0.169091
0.166071
0.163158
0.160345
0.157627
0.155
0.152459
0.15
0.147619
0.145313
0.143077
0.140909
0.138806
0.136765
0.134783
0.132857
0.130986
0.129167
0.127397
0.125676
0.123008
0.119792
0.116701
0.113728
0.110867

0.31
0.3
0.290625
0.281818
0.273529
0.265714
0.258333
0.251351
0.244737
0.238462
0.2325
0.226829
0.221429
0.216279
0.211364
0.206667
0.202174
0.197872
0.19375
0.189796
0.186
0.182353
0.178846
0.175472
0.172222
0.169091
0.166071
0.163158
0.160345
0.157627
0.155
0.152459
0.15
0.147619
0.145313
0.143077
0.140909
0.138806
0.136765
0.134783
0.132857
0.130986
0.129167
0.127397
0.125676
0.123008
0.119792
0.116701
0.113728
0.110867

0.108113 0.108113

1.5

2.5

3.5

Perodo fundamental aproximado de la edificacin

Ct =
=
h=
Ta =

N=
Ta =

0.047
0.9
6
m
0.235740382 s

2
0.2

Coeficiente utilizado para calcular el periodo de la estructura


Exponente para ser utilizado en el calculo del periodo aproximado T

Altura en metros, medida desde la base, del piso ms alto del edificio
Periodo de vibracin fundamental aproximado

Nmero de pisos de la edificacin


Periodo de vibracin fundamental aproximado

Fuerzas ssmicas horizontales equivalentes con el perodo fundamental aproximado de la edificacin

Ta =
Sa =
g=
M=
Vs =

0.2
0.71875
9.81
8.4
59.227875

Ta =
k=

0.2
1

Piso

h
[m]
3
3
6

1
2
Suma

Periodo de vibracin fundamental aproximado

m/s2
t
kN
Periodo de vibracin fundamental aproximado

hx
[m]
3
6

Perodo fundamental de la edificacin

mx
[t]
7.2
1.2
8.4

mx*hx^k

Cvx

21.6
7.2
28.8

0.75
0.25
1

Fx
[kN]
44.42090625
14.80696875
59.227875

Nivel
1a
1b
2
Suma
T=

mi
[t]
3.6
3.6
1.2
8.4

fi
[kN]
22.21045313
22.21045313
14.80696875
59.227875

di
[m]
0.01082
0.01078
0.03568

mi*di^2

fi*di

0.000421461
0.00041835
0.001527675
0.002367486

0.240317103
0.239428685
0.528312645
1.008058433

0.304495377 s

Fuerzas ssmicas horizontales equivalentes con el perodo fundamental de la edificacin

Ta =
Sa =
g=
M=
Vs =

0.304495377
0.71875
9.81
8.4
59.227875

s
m/s2
t
kN

Periodo de vibracin fundamental aproximado

Ta =
k=
Piso
1
2
Suma

0.304495377 s
1
h
[m]
3
3
6

Periodo de vibracin fundamental aproximado

hx
[m]
3
6

mx
[t]
7.2
1.2
8.4

mx*hx^k

Cvx

21.6
7.2
28.8

0.75
0.25
1

Fx
[kN]
44.42090625
14.80696875
59.227875

Comparacin entre las fuerzas ssmicas horizontales equivalentes evaluadas con el perodo fundamenta
Piso
1
2
Suma

Fx,aprox
Fx,exacto
[kN]
[kN]
44.42090625 44.42090625
14.80696875 14.80696875
59.227875
59.227875

Diferencia
0
0

Diferencia
[%]
0
0

de la estructura
l periodo aproximado T a

piso ms alto del edificio

do de la edificacin

Vx
[kN]
59.227875
14.80696875

Vx
[kN]
59.227875
14.80696875

el perodo fundamental aproximado versus exacto

5000
0
7500
-5000
0
7500
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
500000
0
0
-500000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
-500000
0
0
1002109
4219
0
-2109
4219
0
0
0
0
0
0

7500
0
7500
0
4219
41250
0
-4219
5625
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
-375000
0
0
380000
0
7500
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
-2109
-4219
0
502109
-4219
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
4219
5625
7500
-4219
26250
0
0
0
0
0
0

Ordenar la matriz para desplazamientos principales y secundarios


y1
y2
y3
y4
y5
5000
0
7500
-5000
0
0
500000
0
0
-500000
7500
0
15000
-7500
0
-5000
0
-7500
385000
0
0
-500000
0
0
1002109
7500
0
7500
0
4219
0
0
0
-375000
0
0
0
0
0
-2109
0
0
0
0
4219

y6
7500
0
7500
0
4219
41250
0
-4219
5625

y7
0
0
0
-375000
0
0
380000
0
7500

y8
0
0
0
0
-2109
-4219
0
502109
-4219

y9
0
0
0
0
4219
5625
7500
-4219
26250

y1
y2
y3
y4
y5
y6
y7
y8
y9

y5
0
0
0
-500000
0
1002109
4219
-2109
4219

y6
7500
0
0
0
7500
4219
41250
-4219
5625

y8
0
0
0
0
0
-2109
-4219
502109
-4219

y9
0
0
7500
0
0
4219
5625
-4219
26250

y1
y4
y7
y2
y3
y5
y6
y8
y9

y1
5000
-5000
0
0
7500
0
7500
0
0

7500
0
15000
-7500
0
7500
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-5000
0
-7500
385000
0
0
-375000
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

y4
-5000
385000
-375000
0
-7500
0
0
0
0

y7
0
-375000
380000
0
0
0
0
0
7500

Matriz [Kpp]
y1
5000
-5000
0

y4
-5000
385000
-375000

y7
0
-375000
380000

y1
y4
y7

Matriz [Kps]
y2
0
0
0

y3
7500
-7500
0

y5
0
0
0

y6
7500
0
0

y8
0
0
0

Matriz [Ksp]
y1
0
7500
0
7500
0
0

y4
0
-7500
0
0
0
0

y7
0
0
0
0
0
7500

y2
y3
y5
y6
y8
y9

Matriz [Kss]
y2
500000
0
-500000
0
0
0

y3
0
15000
0
7500
0
0

y5
-500000
0
1002109
4219
-2109
4219

y6
0
7500
4219
41250
-4219
5625

y8
0
0
-2109
-4219
502109
-4219

y3
9.09180E-008
0.000073563
9.09180E-008
-1.37927E-005
-9.09180E-008
2.92636E-006

y5
1.99551E-006
9.09180E-008
1.99551E-006
-1.81836E-007
4.49424E-009
-0.000000281

Producto [Kss]-1 * [Ksp]


-0.000681885 -0.000681885
0.4482772079 -0.551722792
-0.000681885 -0.000681885
0.1034455841 0.1034455841
0.0006818847 0.0006818847
-0.021947734 -0.021947734

-0.002107644
0.0219477337
-0.002107644
-0.043895467
0.0021076437
0.2957979142

Matriz [Kss]-1
y2
3.99551E-006
9.09180E-008
1.99551E-006
-1.81836E-007
4.49424E-009
-0.000000281

y2
0
0
0
500000
0
-500000
0
0
0

y3
7500
-7500
0
0
15000
0
7500
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0

y6
-1.81836E-007
-1.37927E-005
-1.81836E-007
2.75855E-005
1.81836E-007
-5.85273E-006

y8
4.49424E-009
-9.09180E-008
4.49424E-009
1.81836E-007
1.99551E-006
0.000000281

y9
-0.000000281
2.92636E-006
-0.000000281
-5.85273E-006
0.000000281
3.94397E-005

y2
y3
y5
y6
y8
y9

Producto [Kps] * [Kss]-1 * [Ksp]


4138
-3362
-3362
4138
-165
-165

-165
-165
2218

Producto - [Kps] * [Kss]-1 * [Ksp]


-4138
3362
3362
-4138
165
165

Matriz condensada [K]portico = Suma [Kpp] - [Kps] * [Kss]-1 * [Ksp]


y1
y4
y7
862
-1638
165
y1
-1638
380862
-374835
y4
165
-374835
377782
y7
Nmero de prticos =

Matriz condesanda de la estructura [K]e


y1
y4
y7
1724
-3276
329
-3276
761724
-749671
329
-749671
755563

Vector de Fuerzas
y1
y4
y7

f1
f4
f7

29.62
44.42
44.42

kN
kN
kN-m

Inversa de la matriz de rigidez


y1
y4
y7
0.0008076902 0.000133077 0.0001316873
0.000133077 0.000077793 7.71284E-005
0.0001316873 7.71284E-005 0.000077793

Vector de desplazamientos secundarios {ys} = - [Kss]-1 * [Ksp] * {yp}


d2
d3
d5
d6
d8
d9

5.44381E-005
-0.010261754
5.44381E-005
-0.004337754
-5.44381E-005
-0.002168604

m
rad
m
rad
m
rad

Vector de desplazamientos

d1
d2
d3
d4
d5
d6
d7
d8
d9

0.035684614
5.44381E-005
-0.010261754
0.0108233507
5.44381E-005
-0.004337754
0.0107821869
-5.44381E-005
-0.002168604

m
m
rad
m
m
rad
m
m
rad

Masa de cada nivel


Nivel
Masa
[t/m2]
1
0.4
2
1.2
Separacin de los prticos =
Longitud de carga =

Matriz de masa [M]


GDL
1
2.4
4
0
7
0

3
4

0
7.2
0

m
m

0
0
7.2

Matriz de rigidez [K]


GDL
1
1724
-3275.841881 329.21600478
4
-3275.841881 761724.15812 -749670.784
7
329.21600478 -749670.784 755563.03129

|[ k ] w2 [ M ]|=0
k 11 k12 k13
m1 0
0
| k 21 k22 k23 w2 0
m2 0 |=0
k 31 k32 k33
0
0
m3

] [

k 11w2 m1 k12
k 13
|k 21
|=0
k22w2 2 k 23
k 31
k32
k 33w2 m 3
( k 11w2 m 1 )( k 22w2 m2 )( k 33w2 m 3 ) +k 21k 32k 13+k31k 12k 23
( k 11w2 m1 )k 32k 23( k 22w2 m2 )k 13k31( k 33w2 m 3 )k 12k 21=0

Comparacin con la solucin sin condensar la matriz de rigidez


Matriz
Matriz
completa
condensada
d1
0.035684614 0.035684614
d2
5.44381E-005 5.44381E-005
d3
-0.010261754 -0.010261754
d4
0.0108233507 0.0108233507
d5
5.44381E-005 5.44381E-005
d6
-0.004337754 -0.004337754
d7
0.0107821869 0.0107821869
d8
-5.44381E-005 -5.44381E-005
d9
-0.002168604 -0.002168604

|[ k ] w2 [ M ]|=0
k 11 k12 k13
m1 0
0
| k 21 k22 k23 w2 0
m2 0 |=0
k 31 k32 k33
0
0
m3

] [

k 11w2 m1 k12
k 13
|k 21
|=0
k22w2 2 k 23
k 31
k32
k 33w2 m 3
( k 11w2 m 1 )( k 22w2 m2 )( k 33w2 m 3 ) +k 21k 32k 13+k31k 12k 23
( k 11w2 m1 )k 32k 23( k 22w2 m2 )k 13k31( k 33w2 m 3 )k 12k 21=0
Modo
1
2
3

w2
A
B
C
D
E
F
f(w2)
415.40400411 4.15226E+014 808489636054 808489636054 -4.0868E+014 -82233920661 -8.0760E+012
0
1546.5325247 -1.1105E+015 808489636054 808489636054 1.11700E+015 -81351234475 -7.9886E+012 -0.080078125
211423.35588 -2.9486E+017 808489636054 808489636054 2.84202E+017 82428008367 8.22741E+012 -1.0648E+016

209490.79455 -2.8161E+017 808489636054 808489636054 2.81595E+017 80919916975 8.07809E+012 -3237.364258


Nota: teclee un valor en la casilla en verde de w2 y observe que el valor de la funcin f(w2) tiende a cero u oscila entre un valor negativo y positivo.

Frecuencias y periodos de cada modo


Modo
w^2
w
[rad/s]
1
415.40
20.38
2
1546.53
39.33
3
211423.36
459.81

f = w/(2)
[Hz = cps]
3.24
6.26
73.18

T = 1/f
[s]
0.3083
0.1598
0.0137

Clculo de los modos de vibracin


Modo
w2 =

1
415.40400411
Matriz de rigidez [K]
GDL
1
1724
-3275.841881 329.21600478
4
-3275.841881 761724.15812 -749670.784
7
329.21600478 -749670.784 755563.03129

Matriz de masa [M]


GDL
1
4
7

Matriz de rigidez [K]-w2*[M]


GDL
1
727
-3275.841881 329.21600478
4
-3275.841881 758733.24929 -749670.784
7
329.21600478 -749670.784 752572.12246

Vector propio

si

a11 =

0
7.2
0

0
0
7.2

a11
a41
a71

Sistema de ecuaciones a resolver


Vector independiente
Matriz
-727.1885093
-3275.841881 329.21600478
3275.8418808
758733.24929 -749670.784
Vector modal
a11
a41
a71

2.4
0
0

Vector de incognitas
a41
a71

Inversa de la matriz
-0.00033983
-0.000343938

Norma =
1.8085893161
2.4
0.4379559488
0.4330393657

1
0.2466317399
0.2452434634

Vector modal normalizado


a11
0.5529171222
a41
0.1363669119
a71
0.13559931
Modo
w2 =

2
1546.5325247
Matriz de rigidez [K]
GDL
1
1724
-3275.841881 329.21600478
4
-3275.841881 761724.15812 -749670.784
7
329.21600478 -749670.784 755563.03129

Matriz de masa [M]


GDL
1
4
7

Matriz de rigidez [K]-w2*[M]


GDL
1
-1988
-3275.841881 329.21600478
4
-3275.841881 750589.12394 -749670.784
7
329.21600478 -749670.784 744427.99711

Vector propio

si

a12 =

0
7.2
0

0
0
7.2

a12
a42
a72

Sistema de ecuaciones a resolver


Vector independiente
Matriz
1987.5199402
-3275.841881 329.21600478
3275.8418808
750589.12394 -749670.784
Vector modal
a11
a41
a71

2.4
0
0

Vector de incognitas
a42
a72

Inversa de la matriz
-0.000339418
-0.000339833

Norma =
3.0022353358
2.4
3.2813521239
3.3320648879

1
-0.675087661
-0.680284345

Vector modal normalizado


a11
0.3330851476
a41
-0.224861673
a71
-0.2265926115
Modo
w2 =

3
211423.35588
Matriz de rigidez [K]
GDL
1
1724
-3275.841881 329.21600478
4
-3275.841881 761724.15812 -749670.784
7
329.21600478 -749670.784 755563.03129

Matriz de masa [M]


GDL
1
4
7

Matriz de rigidez [K]-w2*[M]


GDL
1
-505692
-3275.841881 329.21600478
4
-3275.841881 -760524.0042 -749670.784
7
329.21600478 -749670.784 -766685.131

Vector propio

si

a13 =

0
7.2
0

Vector de incognitas
a43
a73

Inversa de la matriz
-0.000277022
0.0002810323

Norma =
535.45266796
2.4
141297.63315
145409.52647

1
-140.088084
142.1118136

Vector modal normalizado


a11
0.0018675787
a41
-0.261625522
a71
0.2654049968

Modos normalizados. Matriz modal []


Modo
1
2
3
Entrepiso
2
0.5529171222 0.3330851476 0.0018675787
1a
0.1363669119 -0.224861673 -0.261625522
1b
0.13559931 -0.2265926115 0.2654049968

Modos normalizados. Matriz modal transpuesta []T

Modos normalizados. Negatovo de la matriz modal transpuesta, - []T

Matriz de masa [M]


GDL
1
2.4
4
0
7
0

0.5529171222 0.1363669119 0.13559931


0.3330851476 -0.224861673 -0.2265926115
0.0018675787 -0.261625522 0.2654049968

-0.552917122 -0.1363669119 -0.13559931


-0.333085148 0.2248616733 0.2265926115
-0.001867579 0.2616255224 -0.265404997

Coeficiente de participacin, [] = - []T * [M] * {1}


Modo
1
2
3

-3.29
2.45
-0.03

10.79
6.01
0.00
16.80

0
0
7.2

a13
a43
a73

Sistema de ecuaciones a resolver


Vector independiente
Matriz
505691.89598
-3275.841881 329.21600478
3275.8418808
-760524.0042 -749670.784
Vector modal
a11
a41
a71

2.4
0
0

fraccin masa
0.64
0.36
0.00

% masa
64.24
35.76
0.01

% masa total
acumulada
64.24
99.99
100.00

0
7.2
0

0
0
7.2