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ObjectiveQuestionsonInductionMotor|1|Electrical4u

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1. Typeofsinglephasemotorhavinghighestpowerfactoratfullloadis
A.
B.
C.

shadedpoletype.

capacitorrun.

capacitorstart.

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D.

splitphase.

Hints

Capacitorrunmotorhasbetterrunningpowerfactorandefficiencyandsmoother
operation.Modernapplicationisceilingfan.

2. Inductionmotorshavetheadvantageof
A.

allofbelow.

lesscost.

simpleinconstruction.

lessmaintenance.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

AscomparedwithDCmotorstheIMdoesnothaveanycommutatorsand
brushes.Henceitrequireslessmaintenance.Polyphaseinductionmotorsareused
becauseof
1.Lesscost.
2.Simpleandrobustconstruction.
3.Lessmaintenancerequired.

3. Forasinglephasecapacitorstartinductionmotorwhichofthefollowingisvalid?
A.
B.
C.

Rotationcanbechangedbyreversingmainwindingterminals.

Directionofrotationcannotbechanged.

Rotationcanbechangedbyinterchangingsupplyterminals.

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D.

Noneofthese.
Hints

Forchangingdirectionofrotation,wehavetochangemainwindingterminaland
directionofmagneticfluxwillbereversed.Thesinglephasecapacitorstart
inductionmotorisanACsinglephasemotorhavingtwowindingsasinsplitphase
motor.Oneheavydutyelectrolytecapacitorisconnectedinserieswiththestarting
windinginordertoproducethephasedifferencebetweenthecurrentsinthetwo
windingsandtherebyproducingstartingtorque.Thedirectionofrotationof
capacitorstart,inductionrunmotorisreversedbyreversingeitherthestartingor
runningwindingleads,notboth.

4. Whichmotorsarepreferredforrefrigerationandairconditioninginsmallerunits?
A.

Inductionmotors.

Universalmotors.

Reluctancemotors.

Steppermotors.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

Underconstruction.

5. Typesofrotatingmachines
A.

bothBandC.

IM.

synchronousmachine.

transformer.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

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6. A230V,50Hz,4polesinglephaseinductionmotorisrotatingintheclockwise(
forward)directionataspeedof1425rpm.Iftherotorresistanceatstandstillis7.8.
Thentheeffectiverotorresistanceinthebackwardbranchoftheequivalentcircuitwill
be
A.

2.

B.

4.

C.

8.

D.

10.
Hints

7. Whichofthefollowingmotorusedinhairdryers?
A.

Synchronousmotors.

ShadedpoleIM.

SplitphaseIM.

Cageinductionmotor.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

Shadedpoleinductionmotorusedinhairdryers,smallfansetc.

8. Whichofthefollowingmotorisusedingrinders?
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A.

CapacitorstartIM.

CapacitorstartcapacitorrunIM.

SplitphaseIM.

Synchronousmotor.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

ThecapacitorstartcapacitorrunIMisappliedforblowers,refrigerators,drilling
machines,grindersetc.

9. Capacitorstartcapacitorrunprovides
A.

highstaringtorqueandhighpowerfactor.

highstaringtorqueonly.

highpowerfactoronly.

none.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

Twocapacitorsareusedinthistypeofmotor.Onecapacitorisusedatthestarting
andanothercapacitorisusedatthetimeofnormalrunningforprovidinghigh
staringtorqueandhighpowerfactor.

10. Slipspeedisthe
A.
B.
C.
D.

differenceofsynchronousspeedandactualrotorspeed.

differenceofactualrotorspeedandsynchronousspeed.

sumofsynchronousandrotorspeeds.

halfofthesumofsynchronousandrotorspeeds.

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Hints

Slipspeedisdefinedasthedifferenceofsynchronousspeedandrotorspeed.
Thedifferencebetweenthespeedofthestatorfield,knownassynchronousspeed
(Ns)andtheactualspeedspeedofrotor(N)isknownastheslipanddenotedbys.

11. Atslips=1torquedevelopedinmachineis
A.

startingtorque.

maximumtorque.

electromagnetictorque.

none.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

Thetorquedevelopedatunityslipisstartingtorqueorstallingtorque.

12. Capacitorfittedwithceiling/tablefansisofthevalueof
A.

12F.

23F.

510F.

0.1F.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

Capacitorusedinceilingortablefansareofsmallvaluesandisoftheorderof2
3.15F.
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13. Which1motordoesoperateathighpowerfactor?
A.

Capacitorstart.

Capacitorrun.

Splitphase.

Shadedpole.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

Capacitorruntype1phasemotoroperateathighpowerfactor.

14. WhyarecapacitorsusedwithlargeACinductionmotor?
A.

Improvevoltagelevel.

Improvepowerfactor.

Improvepowerlevel.

Improvecurrentlevel.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

ThreephasecapacitorsbanksareusedwithlargeACinductionmotortoimprove
thepowerfactorofthecircuitandtogettheresultanteffectofcurrentreduction.

15. Which1motorisusedforrefrigerator?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Capacitorrun.

Splitphase.

Universal.

Repulsion.

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Hints

Splitphase/capacitorstart1motorisusedforrefrigerator.Capacitorrun
inductionmotorisusedforroomcooler,universalmotorisusedindrillmachine,
hooter,mixingmachine,repulsionmotorisusedforcompressor.

16. Whattypeofdielectricmaterialisusedincapacitorsusedforfansandforpower
factorcorrection?
A.

Oilimpregnatedpaper.

Vacuum.

Glass.

Mica.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

Oilimpregnatedpaperisusedasdielectricmediumforcapacitorsusedinfans/
capacitorsusedforpowerfactorcorrectionandalsosmallsizelargevalue
capacitors.Air/vacuumisusedforprecisionsmallvaluecapacitor.Mica/glassis
usedforstandardcapacitorsusedinlabs.

17. Afanbladeoflength2RrotatesinatimeperiodTinamagneticfieldB.Theinduced
voltageinthebladein
R2B/T.

2RBT.

RBT.

A.
B.
C.

R2BT.

D.
Hints

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18. Athreephaseinductionmotorhasasynchronousspeedof1500rpmthemachineruns
at1460rpmataparticularload.Theslipatthisloadis___________.
A.

30%.

B.

1.5%.

2.67%.

5%.

C.
D.
Hints

19. A3,12pole,600V,50HzstarconnectedIMhasrotorresistanceandstandstill
resistanceof0.03and0.5respectively.Thespeedofmaximumtorquewillbe
A.

240rpm.

450rpm.

470rpm.

540rpm.

B.
C.
D.

Search

Hints

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20. A3,400/200V,YYconnectedwoundrotorinductionmotorhas0.06rotor
resistanceand0.3standstillreactanceperphase.Tomakethestartingtorqueequal
tomaximumtorqueofthemotortheadditionalresistancerequired
A.

0.24.

0.45.

0.78.

0.66.

B.
C.
D.
Hints

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