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Lesson - 11 How does your nervous system work?

The nervous system is a network of cells called neurons which transmit information in the form of electrical signals. Your brain has around 100 billion neurons, and each communicates with thousands of others – as many connections as in the world's telephone system, the biggest machine on the planet. Neurons communicate with each other at special junctions where chemicals help to bridge the gap between one neuron and the next.

Lesson - 11 How does your nervous system work? The nervous system is a network of

Lesson – 13 parts of the brain and its function


  • 1. Cerebrum – The largest part of the

human brain uppermost.

  • 2. Cerebellum - The cerebellum is

located behind the top part of the brain stem (where the spinal cord meets the brain) and is made of two hemispheres (halves).

  • 3. The stem-like part of the base of the

brain that is connected to the spinal cord. The brain stem controls the flow of messages between the brain and the rest of the body, and it also controls basic body functions such as breathing, swallowing, heart rate, blood pressure, consciousness, and whether one is awake or sleepy.


  • 1. Cerebrum – receives and interprets

the messages of the brain.


Cerebellum – coordinate the

movement of the muscles

  • 3. Brainstem – Controls the involuntary

actions and reflexes (involuntary is a movement of a thing or objects that can’t stop)

Lesson 14 – parts of the spinal cord and its function

  • 1. Cervical spine / nerves

  • 2. Thoracic spine/ nerves

  • 3. Lumber spine/ nerves

  • 4. Sacral spine/ nerves


  • 1. Cervical spine/nerve –

There are seven cervical bones or vertebrae. The cervical bones are designed to allow flexion , extension , bending and turning of the head.

  • 2. Thoracic spine/nerve –

In the chest region the thoracic spine attaches to the ribs there are 12 vertebrae in the thoracic region

  • 3. Lumber spine/nerve –

There are a lot of muscles at work here including the groups of intertransverse.

4. Sacral Spine/Nerve

The sacrum is a very strong bone that supports the weight of the upper body as it is spread across the pelvis and into the legs.


1. Cervical spine/nerve –

The cervical spine (neck) is delicate housing the spinal cord that sends messages from the brain to control all aspects of the body while also remarkably flexible allowing movement in all directions and strong. The main function of the cervical spine is to support the weight of the head. Is a well engineered structures of bones nerve , muscles , ligaments , and tendons.

2. Thoracic spine/nerve –

The thoracic spine is responsible for lateral movement (side to side) and twisting. These again are movements that are relent on degree of flexibility in the dancer.

  • 3. Lumber spine/nerve –

The main function of the lumber spine is to bear the weight of the body.

  • 4. Sacral spine/nerve –

supports the weight of the upper body as it is spread across the pelvis and into the legs

Lesson 15 – part of the nerves and its functions

  • 1. Body cell

Is the main component of the neuron. It maintains the health of the neuron. It produces all the proteins for the dendrites , axons. And synaptic

  • 2. Dendrites –

Are short fibers around the cell body. Carry messages into the nerve cells.

3. Axon –

Carry messages away from the nerves. conducts the impulses from the cell body transmit information to different neurons , muscles and glands. known as nerve fibre

Lesson 16 – health habits to take care the nervous system

Monitor your eating patterns and make sure to eat semi-regularly so as to not deplete the glucose your neurons use for energy

Eat a balanced diet that includes good levels of B-12 and D vitamins, as well as healthy fats

Avoid smoking and drinking excessive alcohol

Keep up with a solid sleep schedule, as sleep helps strengthen circuits within the nervous system which can help with memory

Exercise your nervous system and brain with activities like writing by hand or playing mind games like Sudoku.

Take part in exercise that is appropriate for your body; aim to exercise at least three times a week

Maintain a healthy weight as many conditions, such as diabetic neuropathy, are closely linked to obesity or overweight

Avoid, or limit, environmental factors that can cause nerve damage, such as repetitive motions or exposure to toxic chemicals

Lesson 17 – common ailments in nervous system

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures — electrical instabilities in the brain — that can range from brief lapses of attention or muscle jerks to severe and prolonged convulsions.

Multiple sclerosis - Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease in which

your immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers your nerves. Myelin damage disrupts communication between your brain and the rest of your body. Ultimately, the nerves themselves may deteriorate, a process that's currently irreversible.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - (a- mi-o-TROE-fik LAT-ur-ul skluh-ROE- sis), or ALS, is a nervous system (neurological) disease that causes muscle weakness and impacts physical function.

Alzheimer disease - Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions.

It's the most common cause of dementia — a group of brain

disorders that results in the loss of intellectual and social skills.

In Alzheimer's disease, the brain cells themselves degenerate and die, causing a steady decline in memory and mental function.