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Chapter 4

OPERATION
OVERVIEW

CONTENTS
Chapter 4

OPERATION OVERVIEW

Electrophotographics system .................................................................................. 4-1


Electrophotographic cycle ........................................................................................... 4-1
Amorphous-silicon drum ............................................................................................. 4-2
Charging the drum ...................................................................................................... 4-3
Toner ........................................................................................................................... 4-4
Exposure ..................................................................................................................... 4-5
Scanner unit ................................................................................................................ 4-6
Laser scanning ............................................................................................................ 4-9
Development ............................................................................................................. 4-10
Developing roller bias ................................................................................................ 4-11
Image transfer ........................................................................................................... 4-13
Paper separation ........................................................................................................ 4-13
Fusing ....................................................................................................................... 4-14
Drum cleaning and erasing static charge .................................................................. 4-16
Typical photo process timing chart ............................................................................ 4-17
Paper feeding system ............................................................................................. 4-18
Paper control signals ................................................................................................. 4-19
Paper feeding components ....................................................................................... 4-20
Control devices ......................................................................................................... 4-21
Paper feeder PF-30 control devices ......................................................................... 4-22
Printing from paper feeder PF-30 cassettes ............................................................. 4-23
Printing from the MP tray .......................................................................................... 4-24
Printing from the optional envelope feeder ............................................................... 4-25
Paper jam detection .................................................................................................. 4-26
Message display at a paper jam ............................................................................... 4-28
Print timing charts .................................................................................................. 4-29
Signal and symbols .................................................................................................... 4-29
Print timing chart ........................................................................................................ 4-30
Basic engine functions ........................................................................................... 4-36
Engine controller system ....................................................................................... 4-37
Configuration memory ............................................................................................... 4-37
High-voltage generator ............................................................................................. 4-37
Laser scanner control ............................................................................................... 4-37
Polygon motor control ............................................................................................... 4-37
Safety interlock ......................................................................................................... 4-38
The engine gate arrays ............................................................................................. 4-39
The engine CPU ....................................................................................................... 4-43
Power supply ............................................................................................................ 4-44
Power distribution ..................................................................................................... 4-46

FS-7000+/FS-9000

1-1-9

Logic controller system ......................................................................................... 4-47


Main logic controller overview ................................................................................... 4-47
Main logic controller block diagram ........................................................................... 4-48
Printing data processing ........................................................................................... 4-49
Main logic component ............................................................................................... 4-50
CPU (U01) ................................................................................................................. 4-50
ASIC (U02) ................................................................................................................. 4-50
ASIC (U03) ................................................................................................................. 4-50
API ROM socket (U09E) ........................................................................................... 4-50
API ROM socket pin assignment .............................................................................. 4-51
System DIMM (YS01) ............................................................................................... 4-52
RAM (U10 and U13) ................................................................................................. 4-52
Memory card slot interface (YC6) ............................................................................. 4-52
KUIO interface (YC02/YC03) .................................................................................... 4-53
Parallel interface ....................................................................................................... 4-54
Serial interface .......................................................................................................... 4-54
Engine interface ........................................................................................................ 4-55
Engine interface connector assignment .................................................................... 4-55
Signals used for the engine interface ........................................................................ 4-56
Engine interface signals ............................................................................................. 4-57

FS-7000+/FS-9000

1-1-10

Electrophotographics system
Electrophotography is the technology used in laser printing which transfers data representing
texts or graphics objects into a visible image which is developed on the photosensitive drum,
finally fusing on paper, using light beam generated by a laser diode.
The key features for the electrophotography system of the printer are:
Real 600 dpi resolution (equivalent to 2400 dpi resolution thanks to KIR smoothing
technique)
Ultra long life amorphous silicon drum (non-heating)
Paper support for up to A3 (Ledger) size
Microfine mono component toner

Electrophotographic cycle
The electrophotography system of the printer performs a cyclic action made of seven steps
as follows. Each step is technically explained in the following sections.
2 Exposure

1 Main Charging

3 Developing

7 Erasing

6 Cleaning

4 Transfer

5 Fusing

4-1

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Amorphous-silicon drum
The printer uses the long lasting amorphous silicon (a-Si) drum. The photoconductive layer
is coated over the aluminum cylinder base as shown below. The aluminum base is
electrically grounded to the ground.
The photoconductive layer is charged evenly over its surface by positive high voltage
charging (corona charging) given by the main charger unit (the wire and grid). The area on
the charged drum surface which is exposed to the laser beam, as the print image is
statistically drawn over the drum, loses the charge as it is escaped through the ground. The
resultant electrostatic latent (negative) image is then developed by toner and transfer to the
medium like paper.

The amorphous silicon photo conductor is extremely hard, non-toxic, and highly resistive
against chemical substances. These characteristics of the amorphous material make itself
up to a most durable, stable photoconductor for the electrophotography printer.

Photoconductive layer

Aluminum base cylinder

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-2

Charging the drum


Figure below is a simplified diagram of the electrophotographics components. Charging the
drum is done by the main charger unit marked A in the diagram.

As the drum B rotates in a clean (neutral) state, its photoconductive layer is given a
uniform, positive (+) corona charge dispersed by the main charger wire A.
Due to high-voltage scorotron charging, the charging wire can get contaminated by
oxidization and therefore must be cleaned periodically from time to time using the method
explained in chapter 3. Cleaning the charging wire prevents print quality problems such as
black streaks caused by the oxide ac-cumulated around the charging wire.

4-3

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Toner
The toner is fed from toner kit TK-30 or TK-30H. The toner is of dry mono component type
and comprised of the following substances as depicted below.

Single component toner TK-30 or TK-30H

A Resin
B Ferrite
C Silica
D Polisher

B
C

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-4

Exposure
The charged surface of the drum B is then scanned by the laser beam from the scanner
unit A.

The laser beam is switched on for a black dot and off for a white (blank) dot according to
the print data. Whenever it is illuminated by the laser beam, the electrical resistance of the
photoconductor is reduced, the potential on the photoconductor is also lowered from
approximately 250 V to 20 V, effectively driving the charge through the a-Si layer down to
the aluminum base.
LASER BEAM

LASER BEAM

+ + + + +

+ + + +

250 V

a-Si LAYER

ALUMINUM

20 V

+ + + +

0V

4-5

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Scanner unit
The 600 dpi scanner unit includes the laser diode that produces the 670 nm wavelength
laser beam. This wavelength is specifically designed to match the photoconductive
response of amorphous silicon.
The diagrams below show the components inside the scanner unit in two viewshorizontal
and vertical. The function of each component is described in the following pages. Note that
the directive arrows indicate the laser beam paths.

TOP VIEW

3
2

5
6
1

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4-6

SIDE VIEW

Drum

1 Laser diode ...................................... emits diffused, visible laser.


2 Collimeter lens ................................. aligns the laser beam to the cylindrical lens.
3 Cylindrical lens ................................. compensates the slant angle at which the laser
beam hits a polygon mirror segment.
4 Polygon mirror (motor) ..................... has ten mirror segments around its octagonal
circumference; each mirror corresponding to one
scanned line width on the drum when laser beam
scans on it.
5 Primary f-theta lens .......................... See below.
6 Secondary f-theta lens ..................... The primary (above) and secondary f-theta lenses
equalize focusing distortion on the drum edges.
The effective length of line (A, B below) the
laser beam draws on the drum becomes longer as
the laser beam hits closer to the drum edges. In
the figure below, distances represented by A
and B are not the same (A > B) until the f-theta
lenses are provided between the polygon mirror
and the drum (A = B).

4-7

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Secondary f-theta lens


A A

Primary f-theta lens

Polygon mirror

Laser diode

7 Diversion mirror ................................ diverts the laser beam vertically onto the drum.
Note the diffused laser beam finally pin-points on
the drum.
8 Protective glass ................................ prevents dust, debris, etc., from entering the
scanner assembly.
9 Sensor mirror ................................... bends the very first shot of a laser scan towards
the beam detection sensor (See next.).
0 Beam detector sensor ...................... when shone by the sensor mirror above, this
photosensor generates a trigger signal for the
engine controller to start activating the paper
feeding system.

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4-8

Laser scanning
The laser beam hits one of ten polygonal mirrors. As the mirror revolves (at the nominal
revolution of 17,700 rpm*1 or 24,000 rpm*2), the laser beam reflects off of it and reaches the
charged drum surface in a lengthwise manner.
A pair of (plastic) lenses provides focusing the horizontally sweeping laser beam onto the
drum. As the drum rotates, the laser beam sweeps the entire length of the drum so that the
drums entire circumference is exposed to the laser beam. The revolution of the polygon
mirror motor and the drum itself is timing-controlled so that each successive sweeping of
the laser beam produces a 1/600 inch offset. The printers controller system continuously
turns the laser beam on and off to put a dot at every 1/600 inch distance horizontally.
Synchronizing the output data with one scanning line is achieved by the photo sensor
provided next to the first mirror. At the beginning of each laser sweeping, the beam hits the
photo sensor which in turn sends a command to the logic controller for synchronization.
*1: FS-7000+ model
*2: FS-9000 model

4-9

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Development
The latent image constituted on the drum is developed into a visible image. The developing
roller contains a magnet core and an aluminum cylinder rotating around the magnet core
at a speed twice faster than that of the drum. Toner attracts to the developing roller since
it is magnetic. A magnetized blade above the developing roller constitutes a smooth layer
of toner in accordance with the roller revolution.
Blade

Magnetism
0.1 mm

0.3 0.4 mm

Drum

Magnet

Developing roller

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-10

Developing roller bias


The developing bias is adjusted so that the toner, charged positive while each particle is
rubbing each other in the developer, is selectively developed onto the area of low potential
by adhering. The bias is AC weighted, positive DC power source.
Since the gap between the developing roller and the drum is wider than the average
diameter of the toner, the toner should fly over to the drum surface to accomplish
development. This method is known as the non-contact development method.

Blade
Toner

Develop. roller

Drum
Toner sensor

AC + DC

Toner

Drum

Develop. roller

4-11

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Area not exposed by laser


Surface
potential =
250 V

Area exposed by laser

Developing roller bias


160 V DC + 1.8 kV AC

Developing

20 V

Toner

A toner replenishment sensor is provided within the developer. As the toner supply from the
toner container dwindles and the toner level lowers in the reservoir, the sensor translates
it through its sensing plate, urging the toner motor to feed more toner.
Sensing plate

Toner sensor
Sensable level

Toner

Developer unit

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-12

Image transfer
The image developed by toner on the drum (A below) is transferred onto the paper using
the electric charge attraction given by the toner itself and the transfer roller (B below). The
transfer roller is negatively biased so that the positively charged toner is attracted onto the
paper while it is pinched by the drum and the transfer roller.

The nominal transfer bias is set to approximately 1.7 kV*1/2.1 kV*2 (limit) with the 55 A* 1/
80 A*2 current. Since the ideal potential of the transfer bias varies depending on the
thickness of paper, the bias is raised to approximately 2.2 kV*1/2.8 kV*2/55 A*1/80 A*2
for thicker paper (91 to 200 g/m2). Double-sided printing using a DU-30*3/DU-31 duplexer
automatically increases the transfer bias to the above value. On the other hand, the bias
current is reduced to 55 A*1/60 A*2 (1.7 kV*1/2.1 kV*2) for thin paper. The bias is
switched automatically as the printer detects the thickness of the paper, and also switchable
manually on the printers control panel. For details on switching the transfer bias, refer to
the printers users manual.
Paper separation
After the image transfer process, the paper is forcibly peeled off the drum by means of the
separation electrode. The separation electrode is located next to the transfer roller, giving
the positive charge to attract paper downwards.
*1: FS-7000+ model
*2: FS-9000 model
*3: Optional for FS-7000+ model only.

4-13

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Fusing
The toner on the paper is permanently fused onto the paper as it passes between the florinfinished heat roller (A below) and the pressure roller (B below) in the fuser unit. The toner
is molten and pressed into the paper.

B
The heat roller has two halogen lamps, turning alternatively on depending on the size of the
paper passing through to maintain the preheat temperature at approximately 185C/365F.
This ensures the even temperature dispersal over the long heat roller. See the picture below
and table in the next page.
Thermistor

Thermo-cut

Engine
Controller

Heat distribution

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4-14

Heater(s) activated
Paper size

Idle
A3, A4 landscape
B4
Letter landscape
Letter, A4, A5
Ledger

Middle heater

Edge heater

Off
On+
On+
On+
On
On+

On
On
On
On
Off
On

The heat roller temperature is constantly monitored by the engine control circuit using the
a thermistor. In the above table, each heater is turned On as commanded by the
thermistor. The On+ status for paper sizes of B4 and letter (landscape) mean that the
heater is turned on a couple of seconds longer than that commanded by the thermistor.

4-15

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Drum cleaning and erasing static charge


The drum needs to be physically cleaned of toner which is remaining on its surface in the
development process. The cleaning blade (A below) is constantly pressed against the
drum and scrapes the residual toner on the drum off to the refresher roller (B below). The
refresher roller drives the toner to the spiral (fins) roller (C below). The waste toner is
collected at the output end of the spiral roller and sent back to the toner container, into the
waste toner reservoir.

D
A

C B

After the drum is physically cleaned, it then must be cleaned to an electrically neutral state.
This is necessary to erase any residual positive charges, ready to accept the next uniform
charge. The residual charge is canceled by exposing the drum to the light emitted from the
eraser LED (D above). This lowers the electrical conductivity of the drum surface making
the residual charge on the drum surface escape to the ground.

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-16

Typical photo process timing chart


The following chart shows the signals used for photo processing. These signals activate the
corresponding device in the following timing sequences. A simple description for these
signals follow.
Page 1

Page 2

MOTOR
PAPER

MHVDR

ERASER

A
BIAS

B
THVDR

SHVDR

MHVDR (Main High Voltage Drive) turns on the main charger bias for charging the
toner. This signal is kept on during the job is being processed.
ERASER turns on the eraser (LED array) as soon as the motor begins to rotate revolving.
BIAS turns on the developer bias on the magnet roller. The duration of this signal is
dependent on the current paper size. The bias is reduced to approx. 100 V between paper
A. This avoids gray background effect by attracting excessive toner on the magnet roller
onto the drum (which will subsequently be collected back in the drum unit by means of the
cleaning blade).
THVDR (Transfer High Voltage Drive) turns on the transfer bias. Note that the transfer
bias is weakened (from 12 kV to 600 V*1/+400 V*2) while paper is not present between
the transfer roller and the drum unit. This avoids contamination on the back side of paper
B.
SHVDR (Separation-charger High Voltage Drive) turns on the separator to scrape the
paper off of the drum unit.
*1: FS-7000+ model
*2: FS-9000 model

4-17

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Paper feeding system


The paper feeder providing two paper cassettes is fitted to the printer externally at the
bottom of the printer. The printer can be installed with up to 6 cassettes by adding up to two
more paper feeder options (PF-30 basically the same paper feeder fitted as the standard
paper feeder).
The paper feeding system picks up paper from the cassette or the MP tray. At a precise
timing, it feeds it to the electrophotography system. It finally delivers the printed page to
either the face-down or face-up tray, or to the optional stacker/finisher.
The figure below shows the components in the paper path within the printer. The sensors,
solenoids, etc., are also described in the following pages.

PAPER FEEDING DIAGRAM

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Paper cassette(PF-30 Paper feeder)


Paper feed rollers
Registration rollers+clutch
Drum
Transfer roller
Fuser rollers
Manual feed roller

4-18

Paper control signals


The following diagram shows the control signals that control the sensors and the rollers for
guiding paper. The engine controller provides these signals in conjunction with the
electrophotography process that is driven by the main controller system.

Stack
solenoid

EMOT*

Face-down
jam sensor

Heat Roller
Drum

Face-up
jam sensor
Pressure Roller

MPFPAP*

MFEED*

ENVPASS*

SUBCL*

JAMR*

REGCL*

THVDR*

Face-down
paper-full
sensor

RHVDR*

MMOT*

PAPFL*

JAMFD*

FDWSD*/FUPSD*

Engine Controller

Regist.
jam
sensor

Regist.
clutch

Regist roller
Separation
charger

Envel.
pass
sensor

Transfer roller

PF-30 Paper feeder

Subclutch

Manual
feed
clutch

MPF
paper
sensor
MP tray

Paper
sensor

Clutches

Paper Cassette
Paper
sensor

Paper Cassette

4-19

Sensors
Rollers

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Paper feeding components


The figure below shows the locations of the sensors, clutches, microswitches, and fans.
Each number corresponds to the description in the table on the next page. The board Ids
accompany those parts mounted on the board.

3 6

1 @* ^ &

0
4
5

#
$
7
%
(

fi

FS-7000+/FS-9000

fl

4-20

Control devices
Symbol
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

Title

Location

Controller box fan (FAN3)


Printer side cover switch
Face-down paper-full sensor
Face-down jam sensor
Face-up jam sensor
Face-up/down solenoid
Toner container switch
Interlock switchfront
Drum/fuser fan (FAN1)
Tower sensor
Power supply fan (FAN2)
Main motor
Registration clutch
Intermediate clutch
Registration jam sensor
Interlock switchtop
Top cover switch
Toner container sensor
MPF paper sensor
MPF paper size sensors 1 and 2
MPF solenoid
Envelope feeder sensor

4-21

Controller box
Face-down unit
Face-down unit
Face-down unit
Face-down unit
Face-down unit
Rear frame
Front frame
Rear frame
Rear frame
Shield box
Drive unit
Drive unit
Drive unit
Rear frame
MP feed unit
MP feed unit
MP feed unit
MP feed unit
MP feed unit
MP feed unit
MP feed unit

Board
KP-552

KP-574

KP-603
KP-576

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Paper feeder PF-30 control devices


Symbol
23
24

Title

Location

Board

Upper cassette

KP-583

Upper cassette
Upper cassette
Upper cassette
Lower cassette

KP-581
KP-585

Lower cassette
Lower cassette
Lower cassette
Drive plate
Drive plate

KP-581
KP-585

29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Right side cover switch


Upper cassette paper sensor/bottom limit
sensor
Upper cassette paper size sensors 1/2/3
Upper cassette LED
Upper cassette paper level switch
Lower cassette paper sensor/bottom limit
sensor
Lower cassette paper size sensors 1/2/3
Lower cassette LED
Lower cassette paper level switch
Upper cassette switch
Lower cassette switch
Upper jam sensor
Lower jam sensor
Upper cassette base elevation motor
Lower cassette base elevation motor
Intermediate stepping motor

Drive plate
MP feed unit
Drive plate

39

Feed stepping motor

Drive plate

25
26
27
28

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-22

KP-583

Printing from paper feeder PF-30 cassettes


At the moment the logic controller finishes data processing, the logic controller passes
PRINTN signal to the engine controller. The engine controller then activates the clutch for
the feed roller of the currently selected cassette (in the paper feeder PF-30) and the sub
clutch in the printer to start feeding paper. As the paper kicks the registration jam sensor,
it momentarily stops there before the print data starts laser scanning on the drum.
Pick-up roller
Sensor 1

Feed roller

One-way clutch

PF-30 Feed mechanism

Paper

Sensor 2

Bottom plate
Arm

Retard roller
Torque limiter

When the laser scanner and the fuser are ready, the engine controller sends VSREQN
signal to the logic controller to verify the readiness of data. When the logic controller finishes
data processing, it sends VSYNCN and VDATA to the engine controller. Now the paper is
released from the registration rollers and through under the drum unit, starting the image
development, transferring, and fusing. The paper having passed through the fuser unit kicks
the face-down or face-up paper jam sensor (and the paper-full sensor at the face-down
outlet, if the paper was destined to the face-down stack). When the paper is not detected
by these sensors in the expected time of period, depending on the current paper size, the
engine controller halts printing and report the occurrence of a paper jam.
The size of the paper currently in the selected cassette is acknowledged to the engine
controller by means of the on-off status of the photosensors PT1, PT2, and PT3 in the paper
feeder PF-30, at the end of the paper cassette. The table below summarizes the on-off
status of these photosensors in accordance with the supported paper sizes.

4-23

FS-7000+/FS-9000

PAPER SIZE SENSING


Paper size

PT1

PT2

PT3

Ledger (portrait)
A3 (portrait)
B4 (portrait)
Legal (portrait)
B5 (portrait)
Letter (landscape)
A4 (landscape)
A5 (landscape)

Off
On
Off
Off
Off
On
On
On

On
On
Off
Off
On
On
Off
Off

On
On
Off
On
Off
Off
On
Off

Off=high/On=low

Printing from the MP tray


The width of paper in the MP tray is detected by the MPF paper sensor (see page Chapter
4-20). When the controller is ready to print, the engine controller activates the clutch for the
manual feed roller. The manual feed roller pulls the paper on the MP tray and sends it
forward to the registration roller after the envelope pass sensor is cleared. The rest of the
printing process is the same as that of the paper feeder PF-30 explained on page Chapter
4-23.
The size of the paper currently on the MP tray is detected by two sensors (See page Chapter
4-20). MPF paper size sensors 1 and 2 (PT1 and PT2) are activated in accordance with the
setting of the paper guides (adjusted manually). The table in the next page summarizes the
on-off status of these sensors.

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-24

MP TRAY SIZE SENSING


Paper size

PT1

PT2

A3
Ledger
A4 (landscape)
Letter (landscape)
B4
8" width
Letter (portrait)
Legal
A4 (portrait)
8" width (portrait)
B5 (portrait)
A5 (portrait)
Hagaki
5" width

On
On
On
On
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off

On
On
On
On
On
On
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off

Printing from the optional envelope feeder


The envelope feeder EF-1 (or universal feeder UF-1*) is electrically connected to the printer
via a connector at the right side panel. This connector provides connection of the paper
presence and the envelope feeder motor to the printers engine system.
The envelope feeder motor sends the paper towards the registration roller after the
envelope pass sensor is cleared. The rest of the printing process is the same as that of the
paper feeder PF-30 explained on page Chapter 4-23.
*: Optional for FS-7000+ model only.

4-25

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Paper jam detection


The sensors illustrated in the following diagram are used to track the paper while it is moving
through the printer. More detailed sensor information can be found from the diagrams in
section Paper feeding components on page Chapter 4-20.

H
A
B

1
C
2
F
3
D

4
5
E
6

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-26

Each sensor coded above represents the following locations. When a paper jam occurs, the
code(s) is actually indicated on the message display in order for the user to easily know
where to remove the jammed paper.
Code
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
1
2
3
4
5
6

Suggested jam location


Envelope feeder EF-1/UF-1* (optional)
MP tray
Top paper feeder jam door
Middle paper feeder jam door
Bottom paper feeder jam door
Document finisher DF-30*/DF-31,Bulk paper stacker ST-30,
Mailbox/sorter SO-30 (optional)
Face-up stack outlet/Printer side cover
Paper feed unit/Fuser unit
Duplexer DU-30*/DU-31 (optional)
First paper cassette
Second paper cassette
Third paper cassette (optional)
Fourth paper cassette (optional)
Fifth paper cassette (optional)
Sixth paper cassette (optional)
*: Optional for FS-7000+ model only.

4-27

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Message display at a paper jam


When paper jammed within the printer system, the sensor(s) triggers the signal to the
engine controller, which indicates the jam position. At the same time, the engine controller
causes the message display to show Open front cover. This urges the user to refer to the
instructions that is affixed at the back side of the front cover of the printer.
A sample of the display transition when a jam occurred follows. Read through from top to
bottom.
When a paper jam occurs, the display shows:

Paper jam
Open front cover

After opening the front cover, the actual jam


positions are indicated:

Paper jam
C, F, G, H, I, 6

As the paper is removed in order of the display,


the specific position code will go out.

Paper jam
F, G, H, I, 6

When all jam locations are cleared of jam, the


display shows:

Front cover
Open

Close the front cover. The printer starts


warming up.

Please wait

When the printer reverts to normalcy, the


printing job resumes.

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-28

Processing
PAR 600 A4 001

Print timing charts


Signal and symbols
Signals and symbols
MMOT
SCANER
SCRDY
LASER
REGCL
JAMR
FAMFD
PAPFUL
SUBCL
FDWSD
SUBM_1
SUBM_2
SUBM_3
STML_3
PAPSEN1_1
PAPSEN2_1
PAPSEN1_2
PAPSEN2_2
PAPSEN1_3
PAPSEN2_3
MHVDR
ERASE
BIAS
MPFBCL
MPFSIZE

Description
Main motor
Polygon motor
Polygon motor steady rotation
Laser
Registration clutch
Registration jam sensor
Face-down jam sensor
Face-down paper-full sensor
Intermediate clutch
Face-up/down solenoid
Intermediate stepping motor (Paper feeder PF-30; upper)
Intermediate stepping motor (Optional paper feeder PF-30; middle)
Intermediate stepping motor (Optional paper feeder PF-30; bottom)
Feed stepping motor
Upper jam sensor (Paper feeder PF-30; upper)
Lower jam sensor (Paper feeder PF-30; upper)
Upper jam sensor (Optional paper feeder PF-30; middle)
Lower jam sensor (Optional paper feeder PF-30; middle)
Upper jam sensor (Optional paper feeder PF-30; bottom)
Lower jam sensor (Optional paper feeder PF-30; bottom)
Main high voltage drive (Main charger)
Eraser LED (LED array)
Developing roller bias
MPF solenoid
MPF paper size sensor 1 and 2
Detecting no presence of paper at this time indicates paper jam.
Detecting presence of paper in this period of time indicates paper jam.

4-29

FS-7000+/FS-9000

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-30

100

ERASE

BIAS

100

MHVDR

PSEN2_3

PSEN1_3

PSEN2_2

PSEN1_2

PSEN2_1

515

105

STML_3

PSEN1_1

55

100

SUBM_3

SUBM_2

SUBM_1

FDWSD

SUBCL

PAPFUL

JAMFD

JAMR

REGCL

LASER

SCRDY

SCANER

MMOT

0 (ms)

880

1740

2658

3800

3518

4878

4513

4500

4018

4648

5013

5133

6628

6340

6643

6353

6353

6353

6208
5843

5488

6443

6343
6428

7370

6443
VSREQ

6443
6172
6060

6198
5788
5820

5448

4300
VSREQ

4293

4300

4300

3883

3653

3730

3875

3865

3720

3365

3023

2735

2370

2988
2870

2990

2990

2505

2248

2150

1875

1510

1375

845

1155

8483

9092
9070

8983

8983

8488

8983

8983

8771

8571

7548
8273

7931
7963

8315

11

11235
9691
10416 11213
10068
10611
10003

9513

10

12515

12211
12146

12515

12

13

14

15

16

(S)

Print timing chart

FS-7000+
Line speed=125 mm/s; feed speed=263 mm/s [paper feeder], 125 mm/s [MP tray]

A4 landscape feed [210 mm]/28 ppm/Cass 6

4-31

100

ERASE

BIAS

100

MHVDR

PSEN2_3

PSEN1_3

PSEN2_2

PSEN1_2

PSEN2_1

515

105

STML_3

PSEN1_1

55

100

SUBM_3

SUBM_2

SUBM_1

FDWSD

SUBCL

PAPFUL

JAMFD

JAMR

REGCL

LASER

SCRDY

SCANER

MMOT

0 (ms)

880

845

2173

2538

4500

4338

4703

4528
4163

6813

6813

6693

6361

6328

5996

7128

7326

7691

7148

8686

8020

8323

8321

8033

8033

8033

8023

8468

8123
7878

7852
7740

8123
VSREQ

8123

7468
7500
7370
7548
8273

6628 7148

6428

5973

5698
5333

4300
VSREQ

4668

4300

4300

3928

3875

3865

3720

3800

3533

3168

2870

2990

2990

2505

2150

1875

1510

1155

10451

11

11875

12343

12343

12

11843

12343

12343

11291
11323
11193
11371
12096
11744
12291
11883

10772
10750

10251

10

13

14595
14573

14

16

15875

15875

15571
15506

15

(S)

A3 [420 mm]/16 ppm/Cass 6

FS-7000+/FS-9000

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-32

BIAS

ERASE

MHVDR

MPSIZE

MPFBCL

FDWSD

SUBCL

PAPFUL

JAMFD

JAMR

REGCL

LASER

SCRDY

SCANER

MMOT

500
525

100

100

175

175

100

0(ms)

1497

1190

4300

4300

5212

5080

4300
VSREQ

4500

4300

3800

5580
5605

5788
5820

6677

6340

9217

9092
9070

8717

9217

9217

9005

8805

8273

9217

8468

8549

8165
8197
7548

7589

7370

6677
VSREQ

6877

6628

6577
6428

6677

6677
6270

6172
6060

9925
10650
10068
10003

9747

10

10845

11469
11447

11

12749

12749

12749

12445
12380

12

13

14

15

16

(S)

A4 [210 mm]/26 ppm/MP tray [Cassette mode]

4-33

BIAS

ERASE

MHVDR

PSEN2_3

PSEN1_3

PSEN2_2

PSEN1_2

PSEN2_1

PSEN1_1

STML_3

SUBM_3

SUBM_2

SUBM_1

FDWSD

SUBCL

PAPFUL

JAMFD

JAMR

REGCL

LASER

SCRDY

SCANER

MMOT

187

189

115

59

118

0(ms)

529

1131

886

796

1409

1741

1514

2486

2392

3341

3009

3574

3659

3991

4960

4812

4796

4598

4454

4323

4100

3943

3558

3470

3338

3115

2849

3007

2722

2497

2385

2273

2124

1867

1719

5664

5594

6403

6596

6161

6568

6334

6331

6330

6232
5997

7080

6395

6325

6220

6131

6420

6216

5965

7773

7223

8365

8692

8333

8333

8333

8209

8008

7903

7771

7574

7741

7825

9108

9379

8836

9516

9974

10

10961

10685

10961

11
12
13
14 (S)

FS-9000
Line speed=169 mm/s; feed speed=263 mm/s [paper feeder], 169 mm/s [MP tray]

A4 landscape feed [210 mm]/36 ppm/Cass 6

FS-7000+/FS-9000

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-34

BIAS

ERASE

MHVDR

PSEN2_3

PSEN1_3

PSEN2_2

PSEN1_2

PSEN2_1

PSEN1_1

STML_3

SUBM_3

SUBM_2

SUBM_1

FDWSD

SUBCL

PAPFUL

JAMFD

JAMR

REGCL

LASER

SCRDY

SCANER

MMOT

184

186

110

54

116

0(ms)

512

1149

870

802

1509

2076

3341

3213

3461

3699

3979

4477

5333

4978

4830

4814

4475

4340

3951

3701

3577

3253

2979

2846

2975

2573

2497

2232

1865

6628

6560

6621

6918

7411

7981

7762

7761

7759

7527
7277

7928
7738

7779

7248

7833
7615

7381

7816
7467

7229

7035

7089

6418

6297

6073

6071

6089

5826

8423

8916

9618

9417

9592

10090

10

10423

10301

10778

10245

10226

10393

10478

10991

10925

10991

10991

11

12

12599

13

14 (S)

13620

13277

13620

A3 [420 mm]/20 ppm/Cass 6

4-35

BIAS

ERASE

MHVDR

MPSIZE

MPFBCL

FDWSD

SUBCL

PAPFUL

JAMFD

JAMR

REGCL

LASER

SCRDY

SCANER

MMOT

28

187

189

508

401

147

116

0(ms)

1083

852

3818

4832

4684

4684

4669

5382

5293
5770

5656

6439

6215

6587

6469

6344
6269

6958

6439

6422

6185

6087

5834

7129

7651

7096

8714

8359

8359

8245

7969

8333

8222

8020

7776

7590

7939

7844

9888

9405

8849

9529

10001

10

10961

10991

10728

10991

11

12

13

14 (S)

A4 [210 mm]/26 ppm/MP tray [Cassette mode]

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Basic engine functions


This section presents a general functional overview of the engine system of the printer. It
was intended to provide a comprehensive knowledge on basic functions that the engine
system performs during printing. The following printer functions are covered:

Engine controller system


Main logic controller system
Paper feed system
Power supply system

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-36

Engine controller system


The engine controller provides control over all print engine activities. It drives laser
depending on the video data transmitted from the main controller, provides control over the
devices for paper transportation, such as motors, clutches, solenoids, the heater lamp, the
eraser, etc., and collects information given by the sensors.
The engine controller is also responsible for the following systems, explained step by step
through the following pages:

Configuration memory
The engine controller uses a flash memory to store the user-selected parameters for
configuring the printer. The flash memory is driven by +5 V power and designed to stand
rewriting operations of at least 100,000 times at an identical address.

High-voltage generator
The engine controller produces clocks (HVCLK1 and HVCLK2) and apply programmed
divisor to generate high-voltage outputs for main charging. The clock oscillation can be
toggled on and off by the engine controller CPU.

Laser scanner control


In order to activate the laser scanner, the engine controller does the following tasks:
Generation of laser timing
Polygon motor activation (start-up and stabilized states)
Monitoring laser beam paths

Polygon motor control


The output frequency signal to the polygon motor is generated by the engine gate array as
it divides the engine system clock (16.9344 MHz).
The revolution of the polygon motor (N) = 10*f, where f is the clock frequency (1769.9*1/
2397.3*2 Hz) = 17,699*1/ 23,973*2 rpm.
As the laser beam reaches the beam detector sensor (See page Chapter 4-6), the sensor
board generates the horizontal synchro signal (PD*). This signal makes the engine gate
array consequently turn the video output signal (VDO*) and the APC signal (LONB*) high
which respectively activate the laser light and the APC controller.
The engine CPU attempts to detect the horizontal synchronization signal so that the laser
diode is normally triggered. If the horizontal synchronization output is not found after the
laser driving current control (LENB*) is set low, the engine CPU recognizes it as the failure
on the APC board and gives the E3 error.
*1: FS-7000+ model
*2: FS-9000 model

4-37

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Safety interlock
For safety purpose, and in order for the product to conform to the safety standards required,
the printer is facilitated with the safety interlock circuit.
If the top and/or front cover is open, the laser emission is stopped by means of the following
circuit (simplified):

Power
supply

Motors,
clutches, etc.

Engine
board

24 V
Front
cover
switch

Top
cover
switch
5V

Laser diode
APC
board

When either the top or front cover is open, it cuts the +5 V power from the engine board to
the scanner APC circuit off, in turn deactivating the laser diode.

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-38

The engine gate arrays


These two engine gate arrays are supplementary devices to the engine CPU. Both are a
100-pin CMOS-type QFP type that has the internal blocks of functionality as shown below.
GATE ARRAY A (U2)
This contains the following functional segments.

Registers
Interrupt

Overrun

Ports A-F

process

detect
Data
selector

Port mode

Address

control

decoder

Print
Interface

Test print
Laser

density

mode ckt

control

High-v
clock gen.

Engine CPU
address hold

Interlock
Decode/GA

control

flush

4-39

FS-7000+/FS-9000

PIN ASSIGNMENT GATE ARRAY A (U2)


Port A (8 bit) Address 2X00 H
Pin No.
Circuit signal
48
ERSDET
99
LCOPN
32
TBDETN
16
TCOP
17
SUBCLN
14
REGCLN
10
FDWSDN
11
FUPSDN

GA signal
PA7
PA6
PA5
PA4
PA3
PA2
PA1
PA0

Direct.
IN
IN
IN
IN
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT

Function
Eraser wire cut, L: Cut
Left cover status, H: Open
Toner container exist., L: Exist
Top cover status, H: Open
Sub feed clutch drive, L: Engage
Regist. roller clutch drive, L: Engage
Main unit solenoid F/D, L: F/D
Main unit solenoid F/U, L: F/U

Port B (6 bit) Address 2X08 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
12
JAMRGN
19
20
EVPASN
21
RHVDRN
18
THVRDRN
31
ILOCKOP

GA signal
PB5
PB4
PB3
PB2
PB1
PB0

Direct.
IN
OUT
IN
OUT
OUT
IN

Function
Registration sensor, L: Present
Reserved port
Env. feeder paper exit detection, L: Present
Separation charger drive, L: On
Reverse transfer bias drive, L: On
Interlock sens., H: 24 V off

Port C (8 bit) Address 2X10 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
45
LASER
47
TWDETN
22
23
TNENDN
8
TCOUNTN
9
TNMDET
35
TNMOTN
36

GA signal
PC7
PC6
PC5
PC4
PC3
PC2
PC1
PC0

Direct.
OUT
IN
IN
IN
OUT
IN
OUT
OUT

Function
Remarks
Scanner
Laser drive current, H: Laser off
Waste toner conveyer sensor
Waste toner conveyer exist., L: Exist
Reserved port
Threshold sensor
Toner run-out threshold, L: Threshold
Page counter
Page counter drive, L: Count up
Toner motor
Toner motor overcurrent detection, H: Over current
Toner motor
Toner motor drive, L: Drive

Port D (8 bit) Address 2X18 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
37
STOPN
88
HTRDYN
33
13
49
THMDC
87
LOWTMP
24
25

GA signal
PD7
PD6
PD5
PD4
PD3
PD2
PD1
PD0

Direct.
OUT
IN
OUT
OUT
IN
OUT
OUT
OUT

Function
WDT timeout, L: Timeout
Fuser heater ready, L: Ready
Reserved port
Reserved port
Fuser thermistor blown, H: Blown
Fuser heater idle, H: Ready
Reserved port
Reserved port

GA signal
HVOL
REVBN

Function
Transfer limit voltage select, H: Thick paper; L: Thin paper
Paper-to-paper signal output, L: Paper-to-paper
Reserved port
Transfer charger control output, L: On
Eraser control output, L: On
Main charger control output, L: On

Remarks
High-volt. board
High-volt. board

THVDR
ERASEN
MHVDR

Direct.
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT

GA signal
PF0

Direct.
OUT

Function
Communication error output, used as EGIR

Remarks
Main controller

Port E (6 bit) Address 2X60 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
100
HVOL
2
THPIDRN
6
1
THVDRN
7
ERASEN
5
MHVDRN
Port F (1 bit) Address 2X61 H
Pin No.
Circuit signal
50
EGIRN

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-40

Remarks
Eraser
Cover sensor
Toner container
Cover sensor
Sub feed clutch
Regist. clutch
Main unit solenoid
Main unit solenoid

Remarks
Regist. sensor
Envelope feeder
High-volt. board
High-volt. board
Interlock

Remarks
A-03G/A
Fuser

Fuser
Fuser

High-volt. board
Eraser
High-volt. board

GATE ARRAY B (U6)

Data
selector

Registers
Ports G-M

Polygon motor
speed correction

Address
decoder

4-41

FS-7000+/FS-9000

PIN ASSIGNMENT GATE ARRAY B (U6)


Port G (8 bit) Address 2XCO H
Pin No.
Circuit signal
97
DVHITN
98
FUHITN
99
FAN2N
100
FAN1SN
1
THVI2
2
THVI1
3
BSSEL
4
RHVI

GA signal
PG7
PG6
PG5
PG4
PG3
PG2
PG1
PG0

Direct.
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT

Function
Developer fuse blown, L: Blown
Fuser fuse blown, L: Blown
Fan 2 (power supply) drive, L: drive
Fan 1 (main unit) middle rev. control, L: Middle rev.
Transfer bias 2, default high
Transfer bias 1, default high
Developing bias select
Separation select, default low

Remarks
Developer
Fuser
Fan 2
Fan 1
High-volt. board
High-volt. board
High-volt. board
High-bolt. board

Port H (8 bit) Address 2XC1 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
13
14
15
16
21
22
OPSEL2
23
OPSEL1
24
OPSEL0

GA signal
PH7
PH6
PH5
PH4
PH3
PH2
PH1
PH0

Direct.
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT

Function

Remarks

Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Option handshake 2
Option handshake 1
Option handshake 0

Port I (8 bit) Address 2XC2 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
25
EVMOT
26
EVUNTN
27
EVPAPN
28
HANDSN
29
PF7N
30
MPFSDN
31
MPPAPN
32

GA signal
PI7
PI6
PI5
PI4
PI3
PI2
PI1
PI0

Direct.
OUT
IN
IN
IN
IN
OUT
IN
IN

Function
Env. feeder motor drive, H: On
Env. feeder existence, L: Exist
Env. feeder paper exist., L: Exist
PF-7E paper transit sensor, L: Transit
PF-7E presence, L: Present
MP tray solenoid drive, L: Feed on
MP tray paper presence, L: Present
Reserved

Port J (8 bit) Address 2XC3 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
33
JAMFUN
35
JAMFDN
36
FAN1FN
37
FCOP
38
ETNEMPN
39
FAN3N
42
DVFMLTN
43
FUFMLTN

GA signal
PJ7
PJ6
PJ5
PJ4
PJ3
PJ2
PJ1
PJ0

Direct.
IN
IN
OUT
IN
IN
OUT
IN
IN

Function
Face-up outlet paper presence, L: Present
Face-down outlet paper presence, L: Present
Main unit fan revolution control (during printing), L: High
Front cover status, H: Open
Toner container gauge input, L: No toner
Fan 3 (cont. box) drive, L: On
Developer life fuse, H: Intact
Fuser life fuse, H: Intact

Port K (8 bit) Address 2XC4 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
44
DVUNTN
45
DRUNTN
46
FUUNTN
47
MPSIZE2
48
MPSIZE1
49
TVSEN
50
TISEN
51

GA signal
PK7
PK6
PK5
PK4
PK3
PK2
PK1
PK0

Direct.
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
OUT

Function
Developer presence, L: Present
Drum unit presence, L: Present
Fuser presence, L: Present
MP tray paper width 2
MP tray paper width 1
Transfer voltage, L: <-800 V
Transfer current, L: <30 (A
Reserved

Port L (8 bit) Address 2XC5 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
52
SCSTRT
53
HT2UP
54
HT1UP
55
MMOT
56
ETNLED
57
HTNLED
58
60

GA signal
PL7
PL6
PL5
PL4
PL3
PL2
PL1
PL0

Direct.
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT

Function
Remarks
Scanner
Polygon motor drive, H: Drive
Fuser
Fusing heater lamp 2 (outer) control output, H: On (possibly)
Fuser
Fusing heater lamp 1 (mid) control output, H: On (possibly)
Main motor
Main motor drive, H: On
Toner presence validat., H: Valid
Waste toner convey.
Waste toner conveyer presence validat., H: Valid
Reserved
Reserved

Port M (8 bit) Address 2XC6 H


Pin No.
Circuit signal
61
62
63
66
WREN
67
HTDEMO
68
HTABNORN
69
70

GA signal
PM7
PM6
PM5
PM4
PM3
PM2
PM1
PM0

Direct.
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
IN
OUT
OUT

Function
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Flash ROM write-enable, H: Enable
Heater 1 thermistor ignore, H: Ignore
Fuser abnormal temp., L: Abnormally high
Reserve
Reserve

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-42

Options
Options
Options

Remarks
Envelope feeder
Envelope feeder
Envelope feeder
PF-7
PF-7
MP tray
MP tray

Remarks
Sensor
Sensor
Fan 1
Sensor
Fan 3
Developer fuse
Fuser fuse

Remarks
Developer
Drum unit
Fuser
MP tray
MP tray
High-volt. board
High-volt. board

Remarks

Flash ROM
Fuser
Fuser

The engine CPU


PIN ASSIGNMENT ENGINE CPU
Port 0 (5 bit)
Pin No.
Circuit signal
45
39
VSREQN
38
IPCINT
37
GINT
36
MMTCLK

CPU signal
P04/XT1
PO3/INTP3
PO2/INTP2
PO1/INTP1
P00/INTP0/TI0

Direct.
IN
OUT
IN
IN
IN

Function
Reserved port
Vertical synchronization signal request, L: Request
Finisher IPC interrupt, H: Interrupt
G/A interrupt (start-up interrupt)
Main motor FG (start-up interrupt)

Port 1 (8 bit)
Pin No.
Circuit signal
54
OUTPE
53
WEESCK
52
WEEDO
51
WEECS
50
WEEDI
49
48
47
LMPMON

CPU signal
P17/AN7
P16/AN6
P15/AN5
P14/AN4
P13/AN3
P12/AN2
P11/AN1
P10/AN0

Direct.
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
IN
OUT
OUT
IN

Function
Video data output enable, H: Enabled
Page counter EEPROM serial lock output
Page counter EEPROM serial data output
Page counter EEPROM chip select output, H: Select
Page counter EEPROM serial data input
Reserved port
Reserved port
Heater lamp blown input

Port 2 (8 bit)
Pin No.
Circuit signal
64
EESCK
63
EEDT
62
EECS
61
TESTPRN*
60
59
OPSCKN
58
OPSO
57
OPSI

CPU signal
P27/SCK0*/SCL
P26/SO0/SB1/SDA1
P25/SI0/SB0/SDA0
P24/BUSY
P23/STB
P22/SCK1*
P21/SO1
P20/SI1

Direct.
OUT
IN/OUT
OUT
IN
IN
OUT
OUT
IN

Function
Drum EEPROM serial clock output
Drum EEPROM serial data input/output
Drum EEPROM chip select output, H: Select
Test print mode, L: Test mode
Reserved port
Serial communication control, clock output
Serial communication control, data output
Serial communication control, data input

Port 3 (8 bit)
Pin No.
Circuit signal
8
PRINTN
7
CPRDY
6
SCRDYN
5
EUSEL
4
FLSEL
3
RDYN
2
VSYNCN
1
PTOUT

CPU signal
P37
P36/BUZ
P35/PCL
P34/TI2
P33/TI1
P32/TO2
P31/TO1
P30/TO0

Direct.
IN
IN
IN
OUT
OUT
OUT
IN
OUT

Function
Print request, L: Request
Controller power ready, H: Ready
Polygon motor steady rotation, L: Steady state

Remarks
Controller
Controller
Scanner

Print ready, L: Ready


Vertical synchronization, L: On
Port output (spare)

Controller
Controller
Controller

Port 4 (8 bit)
Pin No.
Circuit signal
17
AD7
16
AD6
15
AD5
14
AD4
13
AD3
12
AD2
11
AD1
10
AD0

CPU signal
P47/AD7
P46/AD6
P45/AD5
P44/AD4
P43/AD3
P42/AD2
P41/AD1
P40/AD0

Direct.
IN/OUT
IN/OUT
IN/OUT
IN/OUT
IN/OUT
IN/OUT
IN/OUT
IN/OUT

Address/data bus
Address/data bus
Address/data bus
Address/data bus
Address/data bus
Address/data bus
Address/data bus
Address/data bus

Port 5 (8 bit)
Pin No.
Circuit signal
26
A15
25
A14
23
A13
22
A12
21
A11
20
A10
19
A9
18
A8

CPU signal
P57/A15
P56/A14
P55/A13
P54/A12
P53/A11
P52/A10
P51/A9
P50/A8

Direct.
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT

Address bus
Address bus
Address bus
Address bus
Address bus
Address bus
Address bus
Address bus

Port 6 (8 bit)
Pin No.
Circuit signal
34
ASTB
33
PAPFUL
32
WRN
31
RDN
30
CODE1
29
CODE0
28
FA16
27
FA15

CPU signal
P67/ASTB
P66/WAIT*
P65/WR*
P64/RD*
P63
P62
P61
P60

Direct.
OUT
IN
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT
OUT

Function
Address strobe
Paper-full detection, H: Paper-full
Write
Read
Destination code 1
Destination code 0
Address A16 for flash ROM
Address A15 for flash ROM

4-43

Remarks
Controller
Finisher
A-01/02 gate array
Main motor

Remarks
Controller
Counter EEPROM
Counter EEPROM
Counter EEPROM
Counter EEPROM

Remarks
Drum EEPROM
Drum EEPROM
Drum EEPROM

Option
Option
Option

Function

Remarks

Function

Remarks

Remarks
Sensor

Flash ROM
Flash ROM

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Power supply
The power supply contains the AC and DC power inputs and outputs. The high voltage bias
generator circuit is mounted on a separate board. A simplified schematic diagram and a
power distribution diagram are shown on the following pages.

AC INPUT AND RECTIFIER


The primary AC input power arrives at CN1 and enters AC line filter circuit (L1, L2, C1, C2,
etc.). BD1 rectifies it to DC; Q1 provides switching on it for downverting by T1 to develop
+24 V and +5 V AC.
24 V DC POWER LINE
The 24 V AC appearing at the secondary side of T1 is rectified by D30 and smoothed by C31,
C32, etc., and distributed through CN3. The 24 V DC line is represented as VDD or
VDDCOM and used to feed the following engine component:
Face-up/down stack solenoids, MP tray paper feed solenoid
Clutches (registration, intermediate)
Fans
High-voltage generator (board)
Main motor, laser polygon motor, toner motor
Clutches, motors, solenoids within the option units
Laser APC, fuser heater control, eraser LED
The 24 V DC power is forcibly interrupted for safety whenever the printer top cover or the
drum unit access door is opened. For details, see the Safety interlock section, page Chapter
4-34.
5 V DC POWER LINE
The +5 V DC line is generated by switching (IC40) the +24 V DC to develop the 5 V AC which
is subsequently rectified and smoothed by D40, C40, etc. It is also distributed through CN3.
The main controller circuits, sensors, engine controller circuits, etc., are fed by the +5 V DC
line (also referred to as VCC).
POWER PROTECTION CIRCUIT
A fraction of the +24 V DC power is connected to the protection diode PC1 for provides
protection action for the power supply. In case the output of the 24 V DC line is shortcircuited, the diode segment of PC1 drives the transistor segment of PC1 to turn on Q2
which in turn disconnects the output of switching regulator Q1.
FUSER HEATER POWER CONTROL
In the primary circuit, two fuser heater lamps and a thermostat is connected parallel across
CN2. The heater lamps are controlled by triacs TRC20 and TRC21. Each is turned on when
pin 1 (HEATER1) or 2 (HEATER2) is triggered, respectively energizing the appropriate
heater lamp.
For details on the fuser function, refer to Fusing on page Chapter 4-14.

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-44

AC
Input

4-45

Heater C

Heater S/C

Heater S

Power
Switch

Fuse
Rectifier

Fuse

Fuse

Transformer
(Current)

Noise
Filter

Triac

Triac

Rectifier/
Filter

Filter

PhotoTriac

Overcurrent
Detector

Photo-coupler
(Voltage regulator)

PhotoTriac

Switcher
(FET)

Transformer

Filter

Heater
Switching
Signals

Heater blow-out
detection

Switcher
(IC)/
Output
(Tr)

Filter

HEATER 2

HEATER 1

GND

LAMPMON

+5 V

GND

+24 V

POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Power distribution

Power
Supply
PWB

Heater Drive Circuit


YC4-4

YC3-1 to 3

YC6-2

+24 V
COM

Top
Cover
Inter Lock
Switch

COM

Engine
PWB

Fan2

YC6-1

NC

YC9-4

Front
Cover
Inter Lock
PWB

Main Motor

YC13-13

NO

G/A

HV PWB

YC2-2

YC1-7

YC1-7
YC782-2

YC2-1

YC1-1

Deve PWB

YC2-1

YC6-A7

YC781-1

YC8-8

Dvrly PWB

Envelope feeder EF-1


Options
or Universal feeder UF-1*
YC1-1

YC7-2

YC2-7

YC7-1

Eraser

MPF Solenoid

ENV PCB

Toner Motor

Regist Clutch

YC3-1

YC2-1

Drum PWB

Sub Clutch

YC5-1,2

CON3
PWB

DRRLY PWB

Paper feeder
PF-30

Options

YC3-7.3

+24 V 2

YC1-1 to 4

CON2
PWB

APC B PWB (Laser Diode)

FUP/FDW Solenoid

Duplexer
DU-30*/DU31

Options

YC6-1

+24 V 2

YC1-1 to 3

2A

(+5V)

Polygon Motor

YC4-13

YC4-23 to 26
YC3-1 to 3

+24 V 2

APC A PWB

+5 V

(+5V)

YC14-1

REG

Fan3

+5 V

YC2-1

+24 V 2

YC14-13

+24 V 2

YC2-2

NO

YC12-2

NC

Fan1

*: Optional only FS-7000+

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-46

Logic controller system


The logic controller system does the following:
Communicates with the host computer to receive data at one of the printers interface
Analyzes and translates the print data to be the dot data in the raster memory
Communicates with the engine system to discern readiness for printing
Stores fonts and macro information
The main logic controller has specifications as shown in the following section. A simplified
diagram is illustrated on page Chapter 4-48.
Main logic controller overview
Specification
Item

FS-7000+

CPU

PowerPC603e/166 MHz

System ROM size

4 MB

RAM size
Standard

8 MB

Option

16MB

72 MB (in two SIMM sockets)

Fonts
Resident

4 MB

Application program
interface

512 kB

Memory card

1 slot, JEIDA4.2/PCMCIA2.1

Interface
Parallel

High-speed bi-directional
[IEEE 1284]

Serial

RS-232C/422A
(Jumper setting)

Option

KUIO [for harddisk unit HD-2,


network card]

Engine
communication

Serial interface

Front panel
communication

Serial interface

Other features
Smoothing

FS-9000
PowerPC740/233 MHz

Toner saver
Enlarge/reduction

KIR2 (Vector compensation


method)
EcoPrint [On/Off]
Main scan/sub scan

Video clock

45.14834 MHz

33.3333 MHz

4-47

FS-7000+/FS-9000

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-48

YC07T

YC05

YC04

Parallel I/F

DBCLK

DBRXD

DBTXD

MAX488

U25E

MC145407

U24

CDIR COEN

RSSEL

RESETN

CEND0-7

RXD

U20

161284

Debugger

SDA SDB

RDB

CTS DSR

TXD RTS DTR

Serial I/F

Data1-8

STB SELECTI
INIT AUTOFD etc

BUSY ACK PERROR


FAULT SELECT etc

AACKN
TAN
TEAN
INTN

CPU

APP

A0-29

A0-29

MBCG46713-117

U02

LD0-15

D0-31

PPC603e-166MHz
PPC740-233MHz

U01

OUTPEN VSREQN

ORA0-10

DRWEN1

ORSASUN4
ORSASLN4

ORSASUN3
ORSASLN3

MRA0-10

DRWENO

OE

4,6,16,32MB

SIMM2

YS03

OE

4,6,16,32MB

SIMM1

YS02

OE

(1Mx16)x4

DRAM

U10-13

DPPTAN LOADN BNDEWN

MRASN0,1
CAS

BCLK(33.33MHz)

Data

Address

AACKN TAN TEAN

CPULBGN CYCCDE0-2 DMAREADN

CARDDET1,2

RESETN

3.3V
REGULATOR

2.5V
REGULATOR

3.3V

U26

U27

DD0-31

A20-29

D82280GD

DPP+

U03

D0-31

A2-24

U04-06

LD0-15

373x3

IOA2-24

R52

LD0-015

U18-19

IOCA1

IOA2-24

SC

FPDATA

FPDIR FPCLK

ESIGIR SBSYN CINHN

CBSYN SCLK

RESETN

RDYN OUTPEN VSREQN PDN VDFON

CPRDY PRINTN VSYNCN VDATA

CARDRDY CARDWP BVD1,2


RESETN

KUI0
(OPT1)
LOWER SIDE

KUI0
(OPT2/HDD)
UPPER SIDE

DIMM

CARDDET1,2

BICD0-15

BICA1

CARD

YC06

U08J U09E

Engine I/F

U07

(FONT:4MB, Option:2MB, API:512K)

MASK ROM/EPROM

FLASH ROM/MASK ROM

(1Mbitx16)x2

BICA2-24

YC01

LS245x2

YC03

YC02

FS-7000+:+5V supply

CODE
ROM

LS367x4

U14-17

IOA2-21

D0-31

IOA5-22

YS01

RESETN

R53

LD0-15

IOA2-16,21

CARDCEHN CARDCELN CARDOEN CARDWEN


CARDREGN CARDRSTN

66.6667MHz

TBM(System)

X02

22.57417MHz

TBM(Video)

X01

LD0-15

FONTOEN1-3
FA0

EDEVALTN
D32CSN00-01,D32DEN0,D32WEN0
D32A02-04

TT1 TT3 TSIZ0-2 TBSNTN DBBN

OP2ACKN OP2IRN OP2DREQ

OP2CSN CTLRDY2 OP2DACKN LIORN2 LIOWN2

OP1ACKN OP1IRN OP1DREQ

OP1CSN CTLRDY1 OP1DACKN LIORN1 LIOWN1

LD0-15

IOA2-16,21

Main logic controller block diagram

Printing data processing


The printer communicates with the host computer for receiving the print data at one of the
printers interfaces and temporarily store them in the interface buffer. The main logic
controller analyzes the data for translating them into the dot data according to the original
print image. The resultant dot data are depicted in the raster memory (DRAMs).
While data processing is in course, on the other hand, the main logic controller CPU talks
to the engine CPU via the engine interface U02, to discern the readiness of the printers
engine for printing.
If the engine is ready to start printing, the main controller issues print signal towards the
engine controller which request the paper feed. In synchronization with the procession of
the paper within the printer, U03 releases video data in the raster memory. Thus the video
data are transferred to the laser scanner together with the horizontal synchronization signal
and the video clock.
On reception of the video data, the laser diode turns on and off to constitutes the print image
over the drum. The image on the drum, referred to as the static latent image, is applied with
toner, transferred onto the paper, and finally fused permanently on the paper by means of
heat and pressure.

4-49

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Main logic component


CPU (U01)
A PowerPC603e/166 MHz*1/ PowerPC740/233 MHz*2 is used. operating in 32-bit mode.The
external clock of 33.33 MHz is quintupled*1/septupled*2 to 166 MHz*1/233 MHz*2 by internal
PLL circuitry.
ASIC (U02)
This ASIC includes the following circuitrys as module:
Parallel interface
Serial interface (including UART)
DMA controller
DRAM controller
Engine communication
Front panel communication
Optional equipment interface
ASIC (U03)
This ASIC implements generation of video data to print and deployment of the video output.
This includes:
KIR2 (Image smoothing)
EcoPrint (Toner saver)
Computation for video deployment over VRAM (raster memory)
provides control over:
Memory card
Font management
System DIMM
and this ASIC provides conversion on such devices as the memory card, fonts, etc., which
use 16-bit data bus width for the 32-bit CPU.

API ROM socket (U09E)


This accepts an API (Application Program Interface) ROM. The 16-bit type EPROM is
converted to 32-bit inside ASIC, U03. Therefore, a 32-bit access done by CPU triggers
causes access two times.
The API EPROM should have the following specifications:
Socket No.:
U09E
Size:
4 Mbits
Composition:
256 k by 16 bits
Access speed: >120 ns
The following table shows the pin-to-signal assignments for the ROM to be used.
*1: FS-7000+ model
*2: FS-9000 model

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-50

API ROM socket pin assignment


Pin
No.

Terminal
description

Signal name

Pin
No.

Terminal
description

Signal name

1
2
3
4
5

Vpp
CE*
D15
D14
D13

VCC (fixed)
FONTOEN3
LD15
LD14
LD13

21
22
23
24
25

A0
A1
A2
A3
A4

FA0
IOA2
IOA3
IOA4
IOA5

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

D12
D11
D10
D9
D8
GND
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
OE*

LD12
LD11
LD10
LD9
LD8
GND
LD7
LD6
LD5
LD4
LD3
LD2
LD1
LD0
GND (fixed)

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

A5
A6
A7
A8
GND
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
A17
VCC

IOA6
IOA7
IOA8
IOA9
GND
IOA10
IOA11
IOA12
IOA13
IOA14
IOA15
IOA16
IOA17
IOA18
VCC

* Negative logic

4-51

FS-7000+/FS-9000

System DIMM (YS01)


This is the device that contains the firmware information for controlling the controller CPU.
Depending on the firmware version, this device will be a flash ROM, that is rewritable, or a
masked ROM, in 72-pin DIMM configuration.

RAM (U10 and U13)


Two 72-pin SIMM sockets are provided for memory expansion. The memory is expandable
with PC SIMMs up to 72 MB*1/64 MB*2.
FS-9000 comes with 16 MB of SIMM inserted into socket YS03.
The expansion SIMM should meet the following requirements:
Number of sockets: 2
Socket Nos.:
YS02/YS03
Pins:
72
Size:
4/8/16/32 MB
Access speed:
<80 ns
Memory type:
Fast page or EDO non-parity type memory

Memory card slot interface (YC6)


The controller accepts memory cards of flash type as well as a SRAM type. The maximum
storage capacity is 32 MB. The cards should conforms to the PCMCIA (version 2.1)
standards.
The interface can detect the level of the batteries and the write-protection status in the
SRAM cards. For flash cards, it also can detect the write-protection status. Either a flash or
SRM card should not be inserted or removed from the interface while the printer power is
active.
*1: FS-7000+ model
*2: FS-9000 model

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-52

KUIO interface (YC02/YC03)


This is the interface for a slot-in option device harddisk drive HD-2 and networkbord
conforming to the KUIO interface specifications.
* Hard disk drive HD-2 can be inserted only into YC02.
The pin assignment for the connector is given below.
Pin
No.
A1
B1
A2
B2
A3
B3
A4
B4
A5
B5
A6
B6
A7
B7
A8
B8

Terminal
VCC (+5 V)
VCC (+5 V)
VCC (+5 V)
A21
GND
NC
NC
A16
GND
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9

Signal

Pin
No.

VCC
VCC
VCC
IOA21
GND
NC
NC
IOA16
GND
IOA15
IOA14
IOA13
IOA12
IOA11
IOA10
IOA9

A9
B9
A10
B10
A11
B11
A12
B12
A13
B13
A14
B14
A15
B15
A16
B16

Terminal
GND
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
GND
NC
OPnCS
OPnACK
OPnIRN
NC
CTLRDY
OPnDREQ

Signal
GND
IOA8
IOA7
IOA6
IOA5
IOA4
IOA3
IOA2
GND
NC
OPnCSN
OPnACKN
OPnIRN
NC
CTLRDYn
OPnDREQ
n = 1 or 2

Pin
No.
A17
B17
A18
B18
A19
B19
A20
B20
A21
B21
A22
B22
A23
B23

Terminal
GND
OPnDACKN
IOR*
IOW*
RESET*
NC
D15
D14
GND
D13
D12
D11
D10
D9

Signal

Pin
No.

GND
OPnDACKN
LIORNn
LIOWNn
OPTRSTN
NC
LD15
LD14
GND
LD13
LD12
LD11
LD10
LD9

A24
B24
A25
B25
A26
B26
A27
B27
A28
B28
A29
B29
A30
B30

Terminal
D8
D7
GND
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
GND
VCC (+5 V)
VCC (+5 V)
VCC (+5 V)

Signal
LD8
LD7
GND
LD6
LD5
LD4
LD3
LD2
LD1
LD0
GND
VCC
VCC
VCC
n = 1 or 2

4-53

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Parallel interface
The printer has a port for the parallel interface that is compatible with the current line-up of
the Ecosys series printers. The parallel interface supports the protocols defined by the IEEE
1284 standards. To gain conformity to these standards, the printer supports the ECP and
nibble modes.
Details on the signals on the parallel interface are described in the appropriate appendix in
this manual.

Serial interface
The FS-7000+/FS-9000 incorporates a port for the serial interface. The serial interface
controller is included within the gate array and supports both the RS-232C and RS-422A
protocols. Since the RS-232C support is designed to be compatible with SNMP (Simple
Network Management Protocol), CTS and DSR signals are included. Switching to either
mode is toggled by changing a jumper wire arrangement on the controller board. A 25-pin
D-sub connector is used for the serial port. The RS-422As extra signal lines are assigned
to some of the vacant RS-232C terminals. (See Appendix A for the interface later in this
manual for details.)
The serial interface has the following features:
Connector type: 25-pin, D-sub
Baud rates/sec.: 1200/2400/4800/9600/19200/38400/57600/115200
Protocol:
RS-232C/RS-422A (switchable)

FS-7000+/FS-9000

4-54

Engine interface
The interface to the engine system is based on the serial interface. The serial-to-parallel
conversion is executed on a hardware basis.
The engine board is detachable from the printer at its interface connector. The engine
interface connector has the following pin assignments:
Engine interface connector assignment
Pin No.
B16

Signal
GND

Pin No.
A9

Signal
NC

A16

GND

B8

CPRDY

B15

GND

A8

RESETIN

A15

VIDEO

B7

ESIGIR

B14

GND

A7

CINHN

A14

VDFON

B6

SBSYN

B13

OUTPEN

A6

CBSYN

A13

PRINTN

B5

VCC

A5

VCC

B12

PDN

B4

VCC

A12

VSYNCN

A4

VCC

B11

VSREQN

B3

VCC

A11

RDYN

A3

SC

B2

GND

FPCLK

A2

SCLK

A10

FPDIR

B1

GND

B9

FPDATA

A1

GND

B10

4-55

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Signals used for the engine interface


The following signals are used for the engine interface communication. Figure on next page
shows a simplified function diagram of the engine interface and the signals.
Signal

Meaning

Active

SBSYN

Status-BuSYsignal

Low

Determines which direction for the engine


system to transfer the status data. If SBSYN is
true, the controller is unable to transfer the
command data towards the engine system. The
controller can read in the status data transferred
from the engine system by forwarding SCLK to
the engine.

CBSYN

Command-BuSYsignal

Low

Determines which direction for the controller


system to transfer the command data. If CBSYN
is true, the controller can transfer the command
data towards the engine system by forwarding
SCLK to the engine system.

SC

Status-data/
Command-data

This is a bi-directional serial datum containing


the status data and command data as well as
attributive information. The transfer data
commences with LSB, then to MSB.

SCLK

Serial CLocK

The width of the clock pulse is approx. 1 sec


(960 ns). SCLK is the clock delivered by the
controller and used to synchronize the status
data and command data with each other.

CINHN

Command
INHibit signal

Low

This signal inhibits the signal transmission. If


CINHN is low, the controller is not allowed to
ready the transmission data. This inhibit is
canceled when the engine controller reads in
the reception data.

FS-7000+/FS-9000

Definition

4-56

4-57

INTR

STATUS
DATA

intCBSYN

CLK

Command
Data

16

16

Capture
Signal

Int.
Cont.

Status
Data

Input
Buffer

SCLK Cont.

Comm.
Data

Output
Buffer

Count.

16

16

Controller

To Status Registers
(Transmit Ready)

Serial-Par.
Conversion

Arbit.

ParallelSerial
Conversion
Switch

CINHN

SBSYN

CBSYN

SCLK

S/C

Cont.

Switch

Parallel-Serial
Conversion

Arbit.

Count

Serial-Par.
Conversion

Engine

Comm.
Data

Input
Buffer

Status
Data

Output
Buffer

16

16

Reception Interrupt Clear Signal

16

Int.
Cont.

Capture Signal

16

STATUS
DATA

intSBSYN

INTR

COMMAND
DATA

Engine interface signals

FS-7000+/FS-9000