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Krah AG

A business to rely on

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

FOTO / GRAFIK

Krah Gravity
Pipe System
According to
DIN 16961, EN 13476
(Polyethylene or Polypropylene)

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

Content

Introduction

Material

Pipe

Joints

Fittings

Applications

Production Line

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

Why Krah gravity pipe system?

The high request of plastic pipes in the


market
Old sewer and drainage plants must be
replaced
The high quality of plastic pipes
according to the materials properties
Low maintenance costs
Environmental friendly
Easily extendable
Cost saving

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

Content

Krah pipe system


Our major goals

Complete pipe system including joints,


fittings etc.

Diameter ranging from 300 mm up to


4000 mm

Integrated socket and spigot

Strengthen and expand technology


leadership

Develop further into a system provider


with simple, inexpensive automation
solutions

Expand in the market for manufacturing


the highest quality of plastic pipes

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

Content

Material
Why pipes out of PE?

Good chemical resistance


Abrasion proof

Recycling

UV- Resistance

Low specific weight

Resistance to microorganisms, rodents


and termites

Very good hydraulics of the pipe

High impact resistance

High deflection
Good weldability

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Material
Resistance against abrasion

Abrasion curve of various pipe materials


according to the Darmstadt procedure

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Material
Roughness

Wall roughness of various pipe materials

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Krah Gravity Pipe System


Properties

From DN 300 mm up to DN 4000 mm

Integrated socket and spigot

With complete set of fittings

Length from 1 m up to 6 m

Different profiles possibilities

Out of polyethylene or polypropylene

Structured wall

Minimum wall thickness

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

Content

Pipes
Why structured wall pipes?

By using structured wall pipes 65% of the


weight can be saved compared to
equivalent solid wall pipes with the same
statical capacity.

Profiled
Solid wall

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Dimension - Geometries

Different types of profiles:


PR: Sewer, drainage, storm drain
and ventilation
SQ: Standing shaft, pipes with extremely
high load and big diameters
VW: For pressure pipes, containers,
fittings and special constructions

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Dimension - Geometries

Different types of profiles:


PR: Sewer, drainage, storm drain
and ventilation
SQ: Standing shaft, pipes with extremely
high load and big diameters
VW: For pressure pipes, containers,
fittings and special constructions

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Dimension - Geometries

Different types of profiles:


PR: Sewer, drainage, storm drain
and ventilation
SQ: Standing shaft, pipes with extremely
high load and big diameters
VW: For pressure pipes, containers,
fittings and special constructions

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Calculations and Design

Can be designed according to the


nominal ring stiffness classes (SN)
Can be designed according to
EN 13476-3 9.1 in between the
SN classes
With the help of the calculation it can be
proven that the pipe with less stiffness
but the right profile will be sufficient for
the application and cost saving

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Calculations and Design

Flow rate
General Discharge Formula

Ring Stiffness
Buckling
Internal Pressure
Installation condition
Optimum pipe design

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

The soil load,


The traffic load,
The ground water,
The bedding,
backfilling, etc.

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Pipes
Why flexible pipes

What bends does not break!


Even under heavy load conditions Krah
pipes hardly get damaged in contrast to
rigid pipe materials

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Flexibility

Most damages occur due to loads

Flexible pipes deform in case of overload and release the loads to the ground

The result is a change of the crosssection, but pipes remain leak tight and
flow-capacity is almost optimal

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Weight

Krah pipes are 10 times lighter than


concrete pipes!
Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Storing

Easy to store

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Loading

Easy to load

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Handling

Easy to handle and to transport

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Handling

20 m pipe with electro fusion welding

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Pipes
Impact Strength

Flexibility.mpg

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Connection Techniques

Welding Homogeneous Connections


Electro fusion

Extrusion welding

Butt fusion

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Connection Techniques

Welding Homogeneous Connections


Electro fusion

Extrusion welding

Butt fusion

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Connection Techniques

Welding Homogeneous Connections


Electro fusion

Extrusion welding

Butt fusion

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Connection Techniques

Mechanical Connections
Flange Connection

Joint by EPDM sealing

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Connection Techniques

Mechanical Connections
Flange Connection

Joint by EPDM sealing

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Homogeneous connections

Integrated Electro Fusion joint

Homogenous welding connection


through defined fusion parameter
(Barcode).
Integrated part in the pipe
Integrated in all fittings
Electro - fusion device used to trace
back the specific product
100% tight
Krah PKS

PE HD DN 1200

3616111901 2343 050592 092 1


Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Homogeneous connections

Certificate for Krah Electro Fusion

The only integrated


electro fusion joint
for large diameter

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Homogeneous connections

Butt Fusion

Ends of the pipe and fittings are


butt- welded

Recommended for maximum wall


thickness of 150 mm

Diameter from 300mm up to 2500 mm

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Comparison

Butt - Welding

Krah Electro-Fusion

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Homogeneous connections

Extrusion - Welding

Outer welded
joint

Inner welded
joint

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Mechanical connections

Flange Connection
FOTO / GRAFIK

The stub end and the flange are


directly integrated in the pipe

Available as separate fitting

Used for open sea discharge


applications

Facility of disjointing

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Joints
Mechanical connections

Root Penetration

FOTO / GRAFIK

FOTO / GRAFIK

Rubber sealing
Socket Offset

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Fabricated components

Fabrication of parts

All parts are fabricated

From 300 mm up to 4000 mm

With solid wall and profiled pipes

With electro fusion

Complete, complex and homogeneous


pipe system

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Standard fittings

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Reductions

We can produce any type of


reduction according to the
customers requirements

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Bends

Bends can be manufactured


and segmented in different
angles and related radius of the
bend to pipe diameter

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Branches

Branches can be manufactured


and delivered in every type and
form

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Manholes

Different manholes:

Standard manhole

Tangential manhole

Special manhole

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Connection to concrete

80

240

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Special connections

Any type of fitting can be designed


and manufactured to meet the
applications requirements

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Saddle for house connection

Mechanical house connection:

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Fittings
Saddle for house connection

Welded house connection:

Can be installed at any time in any


weather using our electro-fusion jointing
method
The only homogeneous reinforced weld
Can be used for both pressure & nonpressure pipes

Profiled
pipe

Pressure
pipe

Heating coil

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Krah Piping System

Krah Pipe System

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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International Standards

ISO 161:
161
Thermoplastics pipe for the transport of
fluids, nominal outside diameters and
nominal pressure.

EN 13476:
Thermoplastics piping system for nonpressure underground drainage and
sewerage structured wall piping systems.

DIN 16961:
Thermoplastics pipes and fittings with
profiled outer and smooth inner surfaces.

ATV- A127:
Standard for the static calculation of
drainage sewer and pipelines.

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Applications
Outfall pipelines

Advantages

Resistant against seawater

Light weight

100% tight

Easy solution

Quick installation

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Applications
Sewer

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Applications
Sewer treatment plant

50

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Applications
Relining with Krah pipes

Reconstructed
pipe
Filling

Krah pipe

Anchoring of a
profile in the filling

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Applications
Storage tanks and containers

Advantages

Suitable for food according to the


material properties
Resistant against acids and lye
High static load capacity
100 % tight
Complex construction
Double wall construction with leakage
control

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Applications
Mining Slurry pipes

Advantages

High abrasion resistance

Light weight

Moveable

Flexible

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Applications
Industrial pipelines

Advantages

High resistance against chemicals

Stands higher temperature

100 % tight

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Applications
Storm water retention tank

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Applications
Ventilation pipe system

Properties

Can be welded together

Electro fusion

Light construction

Can also be made of none flammable


material

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Applications
Cow tunnel

Project done in Netherlands 1998

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Krah Gravity Pipe System


Properties

Permanently tight
High ring stiffness compared
to the weight of the pipe
Abrasion proof
Inspection friendly
Integrated with electro fusion
Quick and easy to lay
Easy to assemble
No axial displacements
Can be used for many applications

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Production Technology
KR 750

Machines for production of gravity


Pipes in large diameters

High production output (approx.


1200 kg/hr.)

Simple operation

Products for various applications

Pipe diameter range from 300 mm to


4000 mm

All ranges of fittings can be produced

Single pipes and also pipe series of


high numbers can be produced
economically

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Production Technology
KR 750

Legend:

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

Main extruder

Co-extruder

Die head

Core-tube

v1

Movement of the production tool

v2

Rotation of the production tool

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KR Series
Production Process

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Krah Piping System


Solution

Why Krah Pipe System?

Can be designed to meet 100% the


customers and projects design.
Software for calculating is offered for
manufacturing pipe projects.
Manufacturing of the pipe and the
complete range of fittings is done with
the same equipment.
Long lasting partnership, support and
service
Know How of the production technology
Know How of the applications

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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Vielen Dank

Krah AG Betzdorfer Strae 57520 Schutzbach Germany

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