CHAPTER 11
Rolling Contact Bearing
Introduction
Objective of bearing:
To provide relative positioning and rotational freedom while transmitting a load between two parts. Example: a shaft and its housing.
Objective of lubrication:
To reduce:
1) 
The friction 
2) 
The wear 
3) 
The heat between two surfaces moving relative to each other. 
It is done by: inserting a substance, called lubricant, between the moving surfaces.
There are two parts of bearings:
1) Rolling contact bearing Chapter 11, the study will cover: 


types 


dimension 


load 


life 

It is used to transfer the main load through elements in rolling contact. 

2) Journal bearing which is covered in Chapter 12 
Rolling Contact bearing

Rolling contact bearings are also known as antifriction bearings. 

The load, speed, and operating viscosity of the lubricant affect the friction 

characteristics of a rolling bearing. These bearings provide coefficients of friction between 0.001 and 0.002. 

The designer must deal with such matters as fatigue, friction, heat, lubrication, kinematics problems, material properties, machining tolerances, assembly, use and cost. 
129

Advantage of rollingcontact bearings: 
1. Low starting and good operating friction torque. 

2. East of lubrication 

3. Requiring less axial space. 

4. Generally, taking both radial and axial loads. 

5. Rapid replacement 

6. Warning of impending failure by increasing noisiness. 

7. Good lowtemperature starting. 


Disadvantages of rolling –element bearings: 
1. Greater diametral space.
2. More severe alignment requirements.
3. Higher initial cost.
4. Noisier normal operation.
5. Finite life due to eventual failure by fatigue.
6. Ease of damage by foreign matter.
7. Poor damping ability.
11.1 Bearing Types

Most rolling bearings are categorized in one of the three groups: 
1. 
Take pure radial loads 
2. 
Pure thrust load (axial contact for supporting loads that combined axial and radial loads are primarily) 
3. 
Combination of the two kinds of loads (angular contact for carrying) 
There are two types of rolling bearing:
1. Ball bearings
2. Roller bearings.
The essential parts of the bearing are illustrated in figure 11.1 which includes:
1. outer ring
2. inner rings
3. bulls or rolling elements
4. Separator.
130
Note:
Some types of bearings are without separator; these types are low in price. And the function of separator is to present the rubbing contact.
Bearing manufacturers provide engineering manuals and brochures containing lavish descriptions of the various types available.
Figure 112 shows some of the various types of standardized by bearings.
For more information about these types read page 561562
Figure 113 shows some types of roller bearings. It shows
a) straight roller
b) spherical roller
c) tapered roller
d) needle
e) tapered
f) steepangle tapered roller
131
Percentage of Bearings in Operation
11.2 Bearing Life

Contact stresses occur on the inner ring, the rolling element, and on the outer ring, when the ball or roller of rollingcontact bearings rolls. 

If: 

1. 
Bearing is clean and properly lubricated 

2. 
Mounted and sealed against the entrance of dust and dirt, 

3. 
Maintained in this condition 

4. 
Operated reasonable temperatures. 

Then: 

The only cause of failure is metal fatigue. 


Common life measures for bearing are based on: 

1. Number of revolutions of the inner ring (outer ring stationary) until the first tangible evidence of fatigue. 

2. Number of hours of use at a standard angular speed until the first tangible evidence of fatigue. 


The life of an individual bearing or any one group of identical bearings cannot be accurately predicted 
AFBMA established the following definitions associated with the life of bearing.
o 
Bearing life: the number of revolutions or hours at some uniform speed at which the bearing operates until fatigue failure. 
o 
Rating life L _{1}_{0} : The number of revolutions ( or hours at a uniform speed) that 90% of a group of identical roller bearings will complete or exceed before the first evidence of fatigue develops. 
o 
Median life: refers to the life that 50% of the group of bearings would complete or exceed. It is about 5 times of L _{1}_{0} life. 

The definition of the rating life L _{1}_{0} is based on a 90% reliability(or 10% failure) 

A typical curve of bearing life expectancy is shown in figure below. 
100
50
0
11.3 Bearing Load Lives at Rated Reliability
Experiments show that two groups of identical bearings tested under different loads F _{1} and F _{2} will have respectively lives L _{1} and L _{2} according to the relation:
Where
L
1
L
2
= Ê Á F
F
2
Á
Ë
1
ˆ
˜
˜
¯
a
(112)
L
n, in rev/min.
= the life of millions of revolutions or the life of hours at a given constant speed
a =
3
10/3
for ball bearings for roller bearings (cylindrical and tapered roller)
If we represent the curve in loglog curve as shown in figure
The AFBMA has established a standard load rating for bearings in which speed is not
a consideration. This rating is called the basic load rating C The basic load rating is defined as: the constant radial load which a group of apparently identical bearings can endure for a rating life of one million revolutions of the inner ring (stationary load and stationary outer ring) The life of a bearing subjected to any other load F to be:
L =
Ê C ˆ
˜
Á
Ë
F
¯
a
(111)
133
A bearing manufacturer may choose a rated cycle value of 10 ^{6} revolutions Timken Company choose a rate of 90(10 ^{6} ) revolutions which is based on 3000 hours at a speed of 500 rev/min.
L
10
=
(3000 )(60 min/ )(500
h
h
rev
/ min)
=
6
90(10 )
rev .
Equation 112 can be written in more useful way as:
C
=
FL ^{1}^{/}
a
(111)
To illustrate the use of the equation above, suppose that a certain Timken bearing has
a rated load of 2140 lb, find the basic load rating C?
=
L
C =
C
1/ a
FL
6
= 90(10 )
rev
(
2140 90
)
3 /10
F
=
= 2140
lb
8254 lb
a
= 10 / 3
We shall call this the catalog load rating and display it algebraically as C _{1}_{0} , to denote
it as the 10% rating life for a particular bearing in the catalog.
From equation (111)
1/ a
F L
1
1
=
F
2
L 1/
2
a
Put L _{1} as L _{1}_{0} and F _{1} as C _{1}_{0} , we can write the above equation as:
C
10
1/
10
L
a
=
1/
FL
a
Finally, we can write the equation in the general form as:
where
C
10
=
F
D
Ê L
Á
L
Á
Ë
D
n
D
60 ˆ
˜
˜
60
R
n
R
¯
1/ a
C _{1}_{0} : catalog rating (lbf or kN) L _{R} : rating life (hours) n _{R} : rating speed (rev/min) F _{D} : desired radial load (lbf or kN) L _{D} : desired life (hours) n _{D} : desired speed (rev/min)
(113)
134
11.4
Bearing Survival: Reliability Vs Life (This section is not available in textbook, 7 ^{e}^{d} )

If the machine is assembled with a total of N bearings, each having the same reliability R, then the reliability of the group must be: 

R 
_{N} =R ^{N} 


Suppose we have a gearreduction unit consisting of six bearings, all loaded so that R _{6} = (0.90) ^{6} =0.531 


the L _{1}_{0} lives are equal. For example, if the reliability of each bearing is 90%, the reliability of all the bearings 

in the assembly is: 


This points up the need to select bearings having reliabilities greater than 90% 


The reliability based on Weibull distribution: 
For Ball bearing:
È
exp Í
Í
Î

Ê L Á 
/ 
L 
 0.02 ˆ ˜ 

10 

Ë 
4.439 
¯ 

È 
Ê L Á 
/ 
L 10 
ˆ 
1.5 
˘ 

 
˜ 
˙ 

¯ 

Í Î 
Ë 
˙ 

4.48 
˚ 
R =
If L/L _{1}_{0} =0.5, the reliability is R=0.9637
For Tapered Bearing:
R
= exp Í
11.5 The Reliability Goal
1.483
˘ 

˙ 
(1 ^{*} ) 
˙ 

˚ 

(2 ^{*} ) 
In this section, we wish to learn how to select bearings for any desired reliability.

Equations (1 ^{*} and 2 ^{*} ) show to parameters: L which is the desired life and R which is 

the desired reliability. The problem is to find the value of the L _{1}_{0} life that will satisfy these two requirements 

(L and R) So we solve equations (1 ^{*} , 2 ^{*} ) for L _{1}_{0} , we have 
For Ball Bearing
L
^{1}^{0}
=
L
0.02
+
[
(
4.439 ln 1/ R
)]
1/ 1.483
(118a)
135
For Tapered Bearing
L
10
=
L
[
(
4.48 ln 1/ R
)]
1/1.5
(118b)
To determine the catalog load rating, we substitute equation (118) into equation (11 3) we have:
For Ball Bearing
C
10
For Tapered Bearing
=
F
D
Ï
Ì
Ó
C
10
(
L
D
n
D
/
L
R
n
R
)
0.02
+
[
1 /1.483
(
)]
4.439 ln 1/ R
¸
˝
˛
=
F
D
Ï
Ì
Ó 4.48 ln 1/ R
(
)
L
D
n
D
(
/
L
R
n
)]
R
_{[}
1/1.5
¸
˝
˛
3 /10
1/ 3
(119)
(1110)
Note:
The different between equation (113) and equations (119&1110) is that:
Equation 113: if you need to find the load rating without the reliability factor (R) Equations 119 & 1110: if you need to find the load rating including the reliability factor (R)
Example:
A certain application requires a bearing to last for 1800 h with a reliability of 99%. What should be the rated life of the bearing selected for this application?
Solution: 

Given: 
L=1800 h, R=0.99 
Required: 
L _{1}_{0} 
For Ball Bearing
L
L
=
10 0.02
[
(
+ 4.439 ln 1/ R
)]
1 /1.483
For Tapered Bearing
L
10
=
L
[
(
4.48 ln 1/ R
)]
1/1.5
=
8627 h
=
8197 h
136
Example A roller bearing is to be selected to withstand a radial load of 4 kN and have an L _{1}_{0} life of 1200 h at a speed of 600 rev/min. What load rating would you look for in searching the Timken Engineering Journal?
Solution
Given:
F _{D} =4kN, L _{D} =1200 h, n _{D} =600 rev/min, L _{R} =3000 h, n _{R} =500 rev/min, Roller bearing ﬁ a = 10/3
Required: load rating C _{1}_{0}
C
10
=
F
D
1 / a
Ê L
Á
Á
Ë
L
D
n
D
60 ˆ
˜
˜
60
R
n
R
¯
Ê
= 4 Á
Á
Ë
(
(
)(
)(
)(
)(
)
)
1200
600 60
3000
500 60
ˆ
˜
˜
¯
3 /10
= 3.21 kN
Example What load rating would be used if the application in the pervious example is to have a reliability of 99 percent?
Solution:
From equation 1110:
C
10
=
F
D
Ï
Ì
Ó
(
L
D
n
D
/
L
R
n
R
)
[
(
4.48 ln 1/ R
)]
1/1.5
¸
˝
˛
3 / 10
= 4
Ï
Ì
Ó
(
(1200)(600) /(3000)(500)
)
[
4.48 ln(1/ 0.99)
]
1/1.5
¸
˝
˛
3 /10
= 5.136 kN
This value let us enter the catalog with C _{1}_{0} =5.136kN
11.6 Selection of Ball and Straight Roller Bearings

Ball bearings are usually operated with some combination of radial and thrust load. 

Since, catalog ratings are based only on radial load, it is convenient to define an equivalent radial load F _{e} that will have the same effect on bearing life as do the applied loads 
137
An equivalent AFBMA radial load equation for ball bearings is the maximum of the two values:
F _{e} = VF _{r} F _{e} = XVF _{r} + YF _{a}
Where
F _{a} : applied axial thrust load F _{r} : applied radial load F _{e} : equivalent radial load
V 
: a rotation factor 
X 
: a radial factor 
Y 
: a thrust factor 
A rotation factor V is defined such that:
When
The inner ring rotates ﬁ V = 1.0 The outer ring rotates ﬁ V = 1.2
The equivalent radial equations can be plotted in Figure 11.6
The equivalent equation can be defined into two dimensionless groups as shown in figure in which they are:
When
F
e
VF
F
e
r
VF
r
= 1
=
X
+
Y
when
F
a
£
e
VF
F
r
F
a > e
a
when
VF
r
VF
r
The pervious equation can be written in one single equation as:
F
e
=
X VF
i
r
+
where
i = 1
i = 2
Y F
i
a
when
when
F a
VF
r
F a
VF
r
£
e
> e
(119)
Table 111, lists values of X _{2} , Y _{1} , X _{2} , and Y _{2} as a function of , which in turn is a function of F _{a} /C _{0} , where C _{0} is the bearing static load catalog rating. The X and Y factors in equation (119) depend upon the geometry of the bearing, including the number of balls and the ball diameter.
138
The AFBMA has established standard boundary dimensions for bearings which define the bearing bore, the outside diameter OD, the width, and the fillet sizes on the shaft and housing shoulders. It covers all ball and straight roller bearings in the metric sizes. It is illustrated in figure 117 The bearings are identified by a 2digit number called the dimensionseries code.
First digit
Second digit: the diameter series
: the width series

The dimension series code dose not reveal the dimensions directly, therefore it is 

necessary to resort tabulations. Table 112 is an example of the 02 series for DeepGroove and Angular Ball 

Bearings. Table 113 gives the dimensions and basic load ratings for Cylindrical Roller Bearing 

for the series 02 and 03. Table 114 contains recommendations on bearing life for some classes of machinery 
Table 115 gives the loadapplication factors which serve the same purpose as a factor of safety. It can be used as increase in the equivalent load before selecting a bearing.
Example
An SKF 6210 angularcontact ball bearing has an axial load F _{a} of 400 lbf and a radial load F _{r} of 500 lbf applied with the outer ring stationary. The basic load rating C _{0} is 4450 lbf and the basic load rating C _{1}_{0} is 7900 lbf. Estimate the L _{1}_{0} life at a speed of 720 rev/min.
Solution Outer ring stationary ﬁ V=1, F _{0} /C _{0} =400/4450=0.09 From table 111, using interpolation ﬁ e = 0.285
139
F _{a} / VF _{r} = 400/ [(1)500]=0.8 > e ﬁ From equation (119) i = 2 F _{e} =X _{2} VF _{r} +Y _{2} F _{a} X _{2} =0.56, and Y _{2} =1.527 by interpolation F _{e} = (0.56)(1)(500)+1.527(400)=890.8 lbf
With L _{D} =L _{1}_{0} and F _{D} =F _{e} Using equation 113 to find L _{1}_{0}
C
10
L
D
=
F
D
=
L
10
1/ a
Ê L
Á
Á
Ë
L
D
n
D
60 ˆ
˜
˜
60
R
n
R
¯
=
60 L n
R
R
Ê C
Á
Á
Ë
10
60
n
D
F
e
ˆ
˜
˜
¯
a
=
10
6
Ê 7900 ˆ
˜
Á
Ë
890.8
60(720)
¯
3
= 16150 h
119 Selection of Tapered Roller Bearings

Tapered roller bearings have a number of features that make them complicated 

The tapered roller bearing assembly consist of four components as shown in figure 
11.3: 

o 
Cone (inner ring) 
o 
Cup (outer ring) 
o 
Tapered rollers 
o 
Cage (spacer retainer) 
140

A tapered roller bearing carries either radial and thrust (axial) loads, or any combination of the two. 

If there is no external thrust load, there is still a thrust reaction within the bearing due to the taper shape of the bearing. 
To avoid the separation of the races and the rollers, the thrust load must be resisted by an equal and opposite force. This is can be done by use at least two tapered roller bearings on a shaft
In this case, the two bearings can be mounted either:
o 
The cone fronts facing each other (It is called indirect mounting) 
o 
The cone backs facing each other (It is called direct mounting) 
The thrust component F _{a} produced by a pure radial load F _{r} is specified by the Timken Company as:
F
a
=
0.47 F
r
K
(3 ^{*} )
Where K is the ratio of the radial rating of the bearing to the thrust rating
In design of bearing, the initial value of K is chosen to be
K 
= 1.50 for radial bearing 
K 
= 0.75 for steepangle bearings 
After the analysis is done, the correction value for K is reselected from the Timken Engineering journal as shown in figure 1115 and the analysis is repeated.
141
Figure 119 shows a typical bearing mounting subjected to an external thrust load
T _{e} .
The radial reactions F _{r}_{A} and F _{r}_{B} are computed by taking moments about the effective load centers G. The distance for the value of “a” which is shown in figure 11.3 is obtained from the catalog rating sheets. We shall use subscripts A and B to designate each of the two bearings. The equivalent radial load on the bearings
o
o
Bearing A:
Bearing B:
F
eA
F
eB
=
0.4
F
rA
+
= +
rB
0.4
F
K
K
A
B
Ê
Á
Á
Ë
Ê
Á
Á
Ë
0.47 F
rB
K
0.47 F
B
rA
K
A
+ T
e

T
e
ˆ
˜
˜
¯
ˆ
˜
˜
¯
(4 ^{*} )
(5 ^{*} )
After we calculate the value of F _{e}_{A} and F _{e}_{B} , we check the following:
o 
IF F _{r}_{A} > F _{e}_{A} ﬁ use F _{r}_{A} for design of baring A. 
o 
IF F _{r}_{A} < F _{e}_{A} ﬁ use F _{e}_{A} for design of baring A. 
o 
IF F _{r}_{B} > F _{e}_{B} ﬁ use F _{r}_{A} for design of baring B. 
o 
IF F _{r}_{B} < F _{e}_{B} ﬁ use F _{e}_{A} for design of baring B. 
Example The gearreduction unit is arranged to rotate the cup while the cone is stationary. Bearing A takes the thrust load of 250 lb and, in addition, has a radial load 875 lb. Bearing B is subjected to a pure radial load of 625 lb. The speed is 150 rev/min. The desired L _{1}_{0} life is 90 kh. The desired shaft diameters are 1.125 in at A and 1 in at B. Select suitable tapered roller bearings, using an application factor of unity.
142
Solution: 

Given 
At Bearing A: T _{e} = 250 lb, F _{r}_{A} = 875 lb, d _{A} =1.125 in. At Bearing B: F _{r}_{B} = 625 lb, d _{B} =1.125 in. L _{1}_{0} = 90 kh, n _{D} = 150 rev/min. R=.9 
Assume an initial value for K _{A} and K _{B} as 1.5
0.4
F F
eA
=
rA
+
= 0.4(875)
K
A
Ê
Á
Á
Ë
0.47 F
rB
K
B
+ T
e
ˆ
˜
˜
¯
+
1.5 Ê Á 0.47(625)
Ë
1.5
+ 250
ˆ
˜ =
¯
1020 lb
Since F _{e}_{A} > F _{r}_{A} ﬁ use F _{e}_{A} for design of bearing A.
Form equation 113
C
10
=
F
D
Ê Á L
L
Ë
Á
D
n
D
60 ˆ
˜
˜
60
R
n
R
¯
1/ a
=
1020
Ê
Á
Á
Ë
(
(
)(
)(
)(
)(
)
)
9000 150 60
3000 500 60
ˆ
˜
˜
¯
3 / 10
= 1970 lb

Now, go figure 1115 and with (d _{A} =1.125 in ) select form columns 4 and 5 the value 

of C _{1}_{0} that is equal or near to the value that we calculate in equation above Thus, we select 15590 cone, a 15520 cup, and K _{A} =1.69 
Calculate F _{e}_{A} and then C _{1}_{0} again with the corrected value of K _{A} , we get: C _{1}_{0} =2130 lb.
Again go to figure 1115 and with (d _{A} =1.125 in ) select form columns 4 and 5 the value of C _{1}_{0} that is equal or near to the value that we calculate in equation above we have the same values: 15590 cone, a 15520 cup, and K _{A} =1.69.
For bearing B:
0.4
F F
eB
=
rB
+
= 0.4(625)
K
B
Ê
Á
Á
Ë
0.47 F
rA
K
A

T
e
+
1.5 Ê Á 0.47(875)
Ë
1.69

ˆ
˜
˜
¯
250
ˆ
˜ =
¯
240 lb
Since F _{r}_{B} > F _{e}_{B} ﬁ use F _{r}_{B} for design of bearing B
Form equation 113
C
10
=
F
D
Ê L
Á
Á
Ë
L
D
n
D
60 ˆ
˜
˜
60
R
n
R
¯
1/ a
=
Ê
625 Á
Á
Ë
(
(
)(
)(
)(
)(
)
)
9000
150 60
3000
500 60
ˆ
˜
˜
¯
3 /10
= 1210 lb
Now, go to figure 1115 and with (d _{B} = 1 in) there are five bearings from which to choose. The one at the top of the list has the smallest rating, the smallest OD, and the narrowest width. Thus, we select 07100 cone, a 07196 lb cup, C _{1}_{0} =1570 lb and K _{B} =1.45 Calculate F _{e}_{B} and then C _{1}_{0} again with the corrected value of K _{B} , we get the same C _{1}_{0} =1210 lb. So the selection for bearing B is: 07100 cone, a 07196 lb cup, C _{1}_{0} =1570 lb and K _{B} =1.45.
143
Problem 1113
A gearreduction unit uses the countershaft depicted in the figure. Find the two bearing
reactions. The bearings are to be angularcontact ball bearings, having a desired life of 40 kh when used at 200 rev/min. Use 1.2 for the application factor and a reliability goal for the bearing pair of 0.95. Select the bearings from Table 112.
Figure P1113 Dimensions in inches. Solution
The bearings are to be angularcontact ball bearings, having a desired life of L _{D} = 40 kh n _{D} = 200 rev/min. Application factor f = 1.2 Reliability goal R _{2} = 0.95. Select the bearings from Table 112.
To find the reliability for each bearing:
R _{2} = (R) ^{2} ﬁ R=(R _{2} ) ^{1}^{/}^{2} ==( 0.95) ^{1}^{/}^{2} = 0.975
The torque at gear A: T = 240(12)(cos 20 ) = 2706 lbf · in
The force at gear B can be found by: F =
In xyplane:
2706
6 cos 25
o
= 498 lbf
Â
M
R
R
O
y
C
y
O
=
= 181 lbf
=
82. 1(1 6)  21 0(3 0)
82
+
210  181
=
+
4 2
R
111 lbf
y
C
=
0
144
In xzplane:
Â
(
(
M
O
z
R C
R
R
O
O
z
R
C
F eO
F eC
C
1
x
D
0
)
O
C
10
)
C
z
226(16)  452(30)  42
=
= 237 lbf
=
= +
R
c
=
0
226  451
(111
(181
+
2
237
1/ 2
=
2
1/ 2
=
112 lbf
12 lbf
=
298 lbf
2
2
12 )
237 )
Ans
.
Ans
= +
=
=
=
1.2(112) 
= 
134.4 lbf 
1.2(298) 
= 
357.6 lbf 
40 000(200)(60)
10
6
= 480
.
=
134.4
Ï
Ì
Ó
480 ¸
˝
˛
0.02
+
4.439[ln(1/ 0.975)]
1/1.483
= 1438 lbf
or
6.398 kN
=
357.6
Ï
Ì
Ó
480 ¸
˝
˛
0.02
+
4.439[ln(1/ 0.975)]
1/1.483
= 3825 lbf
or
17.02 kN
1/3
1/3
Bearing at O: Choose a deepgroove 0212 mm with C _{1}_{0} = 6.89 kN and C _{0} = 3.10 kN. Bearing at C: Choose a deepgroove 0230 mm with C _{1}_{0} = 19.5 kN and C _{0} = 10.0 kN. Note: It may be an advantage to use identical 0230 mm bearings in a gearreduction unit.
Problem 1114 The worm shaft shown in part a of the figure transmits 1.35 hp at 600 rev/min. A static force analysis gave the results shown in part b of the figure. Bearing A is to be an angularcontact ball bearing mounted to take the 555lbf thrust load. The bearing at B is to take only the radial load, so a straight roller bearing will be employed. Use an application factor of 1.3, a desired life of 25 kh, and a reliability goal, combined, of 0.99. Specify each bearing.
Figure P1114: (a) Worm and worm gear; (b) force analysis of worm shaft, forces in pounds.
145
Solution The worm shaft transmits 1.35 hp at 600 rev/min. Bearing A is to be an angularcontact ball bearing mounted to take the 555lbf thrust load. Bearing B takes only radial load, so a straight roller bearing will be employed. Application factor f = 1.3 n _{D} =25 kh, R= 0.99.
Bearing at A (Ball)
F _{r} = (36 ^{2} + 212 ^{2} ) ^{1}^{/}^{2} = 215 lbf = 0.957 kN F _{a} = 555 lbf = 2.47 kN
Trial #1:
Since we do not have a value for the specification of the bearing, we start by selecting one of the bearing from the table. Therefore, select a 0285 mm angularcontact with C _{1}_{0} = 90.4 kN and C _{0} = 63.0 kN.
F _{a} / C _{0} = 2.47 / 63.0 = 0.0392 Form table 111: by interpolation e = 0.236 F _{a} / VF _{r} = 2.47/ [(1)0.957] = 2.581 > e ﬁ From equation (119) i = 2 F _{e} =X _{2} VF _{r} +Y _{2} F _{a} X _{2} =0.56, and Y _{2} =1.88 by interpolation F _{e} = (0.56)(1)(0.957)+1.88(2.47)=5.18 kN
With the application factor F _{D} =1.3(5.18)=6.73kN
C
10
L
D
n
=
D
\
C
10
F
D
/
L
Ï
Ì
Ó
(
L
D
n
D
/
L
R
n
R
)
0.02
+
[
(
4.439 ln 1/ R
)]
1/ 1.483
¸
˝
˛
1/ 3
R
n
R
=
L
L
10
=
(
)(
)
25000
600 (60) rev
(
10
)
6
rev
= 900
= 6.73
Ï
Ì
Ó
900 ¸
˝
˛
0.02
[
(
+ 4.439 ln 1/ 0.99
)]
1/ 1.483
1/ 3
= 107.7
kN
We found that C 10 > (C 10 ) selected from the table
107.7 kN > 90.4kN, therefore we try another bearing with the specification:
Select a 0295 mm angularcontact with C _{1}_{0} = 121 kN and C _{0} = 63.0 kN.
Trial #2:
Tentatively select a 0295 mm angularcontact ball with C _{1}_{0} = 121 kN and C _{0} = 85 kN.
F _{a} / C _{0} = 2.47 / 85.0 = 0.02906 Form table 111: by interpolation e = 0.222
F _{a} / VF _{r} = 2.47/ [(1)0.957]=2.581 > e ﬁ From equation (119) i = 2
146
F _{e} =X _{2} VF _{r} +Y _{2} F _{a} X _{2} =0.56, and Y _{2} =1.98 by interpolation F _{e} = (0.56)(1)(0.957) + 1.98(2.47) = 5.427 kN
With the application factor F _{D} =1.3(5.427) = 7.05kN
C
10
L
D
n
=
D
\
C
10
F
D
/
L
Ï
Ì
Ó
(
L
D
n
D
/
L
R
n
R
)
0.02
+
[
(
4.439 ln 1/ R
)]
1/ 1.483
¸
˝
˛
1/ 3
R
n
R
=
L
L
10
=
(
)(
)
25000
600 (60) rev
(
10
)
6
rev
= 900
= 7.05
Ï
Ì
Ó
900 
¸ 

˝ 

)] 
1 /1.483 

0.02 
+ [ ( 4.439 ln 1/ 0.99 
˛ 
1/ 3
= 112.82
kN
We found that (C 10 ) calculated < (C 10 ) selected from the table
112.82 kN < 121kN, therefore the specification of the bearing A is:
A 02 series angularcontact with Bore 95 mm, C _{1}_{0} = 121 kN, and C _{0} = 63.0 kN.
Bearing at B (Roller):
F _{r} = (36 ^{2} + 67 ^{2} ) ^{1}^{/}^{2} = 76.06 lbf = 0.3385 kN F _{D} =1.3(F _{r} ) = 0.44 kN
C
10
L
D
n
=
D
\
C
10
F
D
Ï
Ì
Ó
(
L
D
n
D
/
L
R
n
R
)
0.02
+
[
(
4.439 ln 1/ R
)]
1/ 1.483
¸
˝
˛
1/ 3
/
L
R
n
R
= 0.44
Ï
Ì
Ó
=
L
L
10
=
(
)(
)
25000
600 (60) rev
(
10
)
6
rev
= 900
3 /10
900 ¸
˝
˛
0.02
+
[
(
4.439 ln 1/ 0.99
)]
1/ 1.483
= 5.34
kN
From table 113, using a 02 series cylindrical roller bearing with Bore 25 mm, C _{1}_{0} = 16.8 kN, and C _{0} = 8.8 kN.
147
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