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Data Collection

Instruction Manual

Aktio Corporation
Engineering Division

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Contents
1.

Data Collection

1-1

Menu Window

1-2

Data Collection Main Window

1-3

Graph Window

1-4

Sediment Volume and Dry Sand Volume Window

1-5

Trend Graph Window

1-6

Meter Window

1-7

Ring Window

1-8

Ring Report Monitor Window

1-9

Printing of Ring Report and Daily Report

1-10

Setting Window

1-11

Data Storage

1-12

Other functions

1-13

List of Calculation Equations

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1.Data Collection
1-1Menu Window
Outline
The menu window is always located at the right side of the screen and it cannot be
moved or changed in size. Clicking on the button, however, will show the entire
system.

Functions
Displays current ring number
Displays dates
Displays time
Displays excavation status
Displays alarm status
Inputs of set values
Digital/analog input/output

Window
Menu window
Window Change
Botton

Window
Display

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Description
Data collection menu bar

Shows the ring number.

Displays excavation status


Shows the current status of excavation.
"During excavation" The machine is moving.
"Turned off" Excavation is suspended.
"Standing by"The ring has not been fully pushed and the excavation work is
temporarily suspended.
During excavation
Turned off
Standing by
Excavation main window button
Standing by
Graph window button
Sediment volume and dry sand volume window button
Trend window button
Meter window button
Ring window button
Monitor window button
Print button
Hard copy button

Automatic/manual printing switchover


Current time

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1-2 Data Collection Main Window


Outline

The system is designed to maintain excavation data, put them into the slip
system, analyze the stored data and make graphs of them.
The majority of operations are conducted by inputting with the mouse and
numeric keypad.
The system allows easy operation as the majority of the operations are done
by inputting values with the mouse and numeric keypad and progresses
interactively.

Features

Various signals from the shield machine and the fluid transfer equipment are
displayed in real-time.
Various statistical processing are carried out based on the recorded data and the
results are graphically shown.
Clicking the left button of the mouse on each meter opens a window for change of
meter items and setting of upper and lower limits.
When the current value is between the upper and lower limit, it is shown in green.
When it exceeds the upper or lower limit, it is shown in red. This setting is not
related to the excavation control of the system.

Window

Data collection main window

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1-3 Graph Window


Features

Various signals from the shield machine and the fluid transfer equipment are
displayed uin real-time.
Various statistical processing are carried out based on the recorded data and the
results are graphically shown per stroke.
Clicking on the left button of the mouse on each graph opens a window for
change of graph items.
Signals of the past rings are read and graphically shown.
Two items may be chosen per window, which is convenient when the data of the
two items have to be compared.
Past data are displayed in the window.

Window

Graphical presentations

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1-4 Sediment Volume and Dry Sand Volume Window


Features

Various statistical processing are carried out based on the recorded data and the
results are graphically shown in chronological order.
Signals of the past rings are read and graphically shown.
Upper and lower limit values on each window may be set and changed by
operating the corresponding items in the excavation management window.
Past data are displayed in the window.
Theoretical values are shown in yellowish green, upper and lower limits in green
and data in red.

Window

Sediment volume and dry sand volume window

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1-5Trend Graph Window


Features
Various signals from the shield machine and the fluid transfer equipment are
displayed in real-time.
Various statistical processing are carried out based on the recorded data and
the results are graphically shown in chronological order.
Clicking on the left button of the mouse on each graph opens a window for
change of graph items.
Past signal data are read and graphically shown.
The lateral axis is time in these windows.
Past data are displayed in the window.

Window
Trendgraphwindow

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1-6Meter Window
Features
Various signals from the shield machine and the fluid transfer equipment are
displayed in real-time.
Clicking on the left button of the mouse on each meter opens a window for
change of meter items and setting of upper and lower limits.
When the current value is between the upper and lower limit, it is shown in
green. When it exceeds the upper or lower limit, it is shown in red. This setting
is not related to the excavation control of the system.

Window
Meter window

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1-7Ring Window
Features
Setting a ring number allows the final value of the designated ring to be
graphically displayed on the screen.
Clicking on the left button of the mouse on each graph opens a window for
change of meter items.
Past rings are displayed in the window.

Window
Ring window

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1-8Ring Report Monitor Window


Features
Excavation data per ring are recorded as the shield machines moves.
Various signals from the shield machine and the fluid transfer equipment are
displayed in real-time.
Excavation data per ring is recorded and saved upon completion of excavation
of the shield machine and the saved data are printed out as a ring report.
Various statistical processing are carried out based on the recorded data and
the results are graphically shown.
The average and final value per every 100 mm of stroke is shown.

Window
Ring report monitor window

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1-9Printing of Ring Report and Daily Report


Ring report printing window

When the ring report print button is pressed, the ring report printing window
opens. Inputting the starting ring number and the ending ring number starts printing
of the designated ring report.

Daily report printing window

Pressing the daily report print button shows the daily report printing window.
Inputting the dates starts printing of the designated daily report.

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1-10Setting Window
Operation
Open the "set" in the menu to open the setting window.
Select a setting item, input a number with the numeric keypad, and click "OK."
Click "cancel" to return to the original window.

Detailed explanation

Next excavation ring number


Next excavation ring numbers are used for ring titles of ring reports and daily
reports.
When excavation is carried out with the same ring number, the data are
overwritten and deletes the previous data. Make sure before excavation.
True specific gravity and water content ratio
These values are used to calculate the amount of dry sand and the theoretical
amount of dry sand.
Completion judgment stroke
When the stroke is shortened to the value beyond the setting, that ring is
considered to have been completed, and the ring data is input.
Standard deviation ring number
To calculate the standard deviation, return the current ring number to the ring of
a few minutes ago.

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1-11Data Storage
Excavation data storage database

Excavation data are stored in the database in the fluid transfer equipment server
computer.
The display value of the excavation control system operation panel is linked to
the computer value of statistical processing for excavation data to ensure that
they both have the same value.
As the database contents may be freely picked out for excavation data statistic
processing, slips of various forms and various graphical presentations can be
easily prepared.

Data storage items

The data handled by the system are divided into two types. A list is shown in the
next page.
(1)Measurement data
By analog input signals
By digital input signals
(2)Calculation data
Calculated by adding operation to the calculation data

Ring number

When data are stored in the hard disk, ring numbers are used as indexes.
Therefore, it is necessary to make appropriate settings of ring numbers during
excavation. This operation is done by "change of set value," but in order to
reduce workload, it is so designed to automatically update the ring number upon
completion of operation. If a discrepancy occurs between the actual ring used
and the set ring number for some reason, it is necessary to immediately change
the wrong ring number to a correct one.
When excavation is carried out with the same ring number set, the data are
overwritten to delete the previous data.

Data conversion

Designating the ring and data using the "data conversion" on the window (ring,
daily report, trend and final value) prepares a csv file (file readable b Excel) in
the D:CsvData folder.
These files may be used for data analysis by other PCs.

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1-12Other functions
Hard copying function

Click the icon at the right end to get a hard copy of what is displayed in the
window.

Program boot

End all programs and double-click "automatic boot" on the desktop of your PC.
Or reboot your PC. The program will activate automatically.

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1-13Formula list
(1)Excavation deviation flow rate
The excavation deviation flow rate is used to determine the intake of removed
water and ground water during excavation.
The equation used for calculation is shown below.
2(1)
where

Q:Excavation deviation flow rate (m3/minute)


Q2:Discharge slurry flow rate (m3/minute)
Q1:Feed slurry flow rate (m3/minute)
A:Excavation section area (m2)
S:Jack speed (meters/minute)
If the result of the above is Q = 0: there is no removed water
If the result of the above is Q > 0: ground water is being taken in
If the result of the above is Q < 0: removed water is present

(2)Volume of excavated earth


The total excavation volume is determined by measuring and estimating the feed
slurry flow rate and discharge slurry flow rate. However, the measurements will
fluctuate greatly depending on the intake of removed water and ground water, so
these values are used as indicators for control of the quantity of excavated earth.
The equation used for calculation is shown below.
Q = Q2 x dt = Q1 x dt
where
Q:
Estimated value for volume of excavated earth (m3)
Q2:
Discharge slurry flow rate (m3/minute)
Q1:
Feed slurry flow rate (m3/minute)
dt:
Excavation time (minutes)
The theoretical excavation volume for this is as follows:
V = A x St
where
V:Theoretical excavation volume (m3)
A:Excavation section area (m3)
St:Excavation advance stroke (meters)

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(3)Quantity of dry sand excavated


The flow rates for the feed and discharge slurry are measured and specific gravity
values are calculated, and these values are estimated to determine the quantity of
dry sand excavated. This is not affected by the determination of the actual volume of
sediment taken in by excavation, or by the water removed from the slurry and the
amount of ground water taken in.
In general, the data is subjected to statistical processing. The value is controlled to
the average 3%. If the data values increase linearly as the excavation advances,
the excavation is proceeding normally. If non-continuous points are produced, this
indicates a ground collapse or the like.
The theoretical quantity of dry sand excavated is calculated as shown below.

100
100

where
G:Theoretical quantity of dry sand (m3)
V:Theoretical excavation volume (m3)
K:Moisture content (vol %)
Equation for calculation of dry sand excavated

2
1
2 dt
1 dt
21
1

where
G:Estimated value for quantity of dry sand excavated (m3)
2:Specific gravity of discharge slurry
2:True specific gravity of sediment particles
Q2:Discharge slurry flow rate (m3/minute)
1:Specific gravity of feed slurry
1:True specific gravity of feed slurry solids
Q1:Feed slurry flow rate (m3/minute)
dt:Excavation time (minutes)

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