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Chapter 4: Designs and Optimizations of EBG Structures


By Yahya Rahmat-Samii

From Electromagnetic Band Gap Structures in Antenna Engineering


After demonstrating some interesting characteristics of EBG structures, this chapter focuses on how to achieve these characteristics by properly designing
the EBG structures. A parametric study on the mushroom-like EBG structure will be presented first. Then two popularly used planar EBG structures,
mushroom-like EBG surface and uni-planar EBG surface, are compared with each other to develop some selection guidelines for potential applications. Novel
EBG designs such as polarization-dependent EBG (PDEBG), compact spiral EBG, and stack EBG structures will also be studied. Furthermore, the particle
swarm optimization (PSO) technique is implemented to design EBG surfaces. At the end of this chapter, some recent research trends are summarized,
including space filling curve EBG surfaces, multi-band EBG designs and reconfigurable EBG structures.

4.1 Parametric Study of a Mushroom-Like EBG Structure


Electromagnetic properties of an EBG structure are determined by its physical dimensions. For a mushroom-like EBG structure shown in Fig. 4.1, there are
four main parameters affecting its performance [1], namely, patch width W, gap width g, substrate thickness h, and substrate permittivity ? r. In this section,
the effects of these parameters are investigated one by one in order to obtain some engineering guidelines for EBG surface designs. Note that the vias radius
r has a trivial effect because it is very thin compared to the operating wavelength.

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Chapter 4: Designs and Optimizations of EBG Structures On GlobalSpec

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Fig. 4.1: Geometry of a mushroom-like electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structure.


In this study, the FDTD/PBC technique [2 3] is used to characterize the reflection phase of the EBG structure.
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Topics of Interest
Chapter 5: Patch Antennas with EBG Structures
Electromagnetic band gap structures have been characterized and designed in previous chapters. We now shift our focus to EBG applications in antenna
engineering. In this chapter, the EBG structures...
Chapter 7: Surface Wave Antennas
The concept of surface wave antennas (SWA) was initiated in the 1950s [1 2] and numerous theoretical and experimental investigations have been reported in
the literature [3 10]. To support the...
Appendix EBG Literature Review
1 Overview In recent years, electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structures have attracted increasing interest in the electromagnetic community. Because of their
desirable electromagnetic properties, they...
Chapter 6: Low Profile Wire Antennas on EBG Ground Plane
In the preceding chapter, the surface wave band gap of EBG structures was used to enhance the performance of microstrip patch antennas. Another important
property of EBG structures is the phase...
Microstrip Gap Waveguide on Electronic Band Gap Substrate Example
A microstrip gap waveguide containing a mushroom-type EBG surface is simulated in XFdtd and compared to measured results.

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