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1.

Carbon dioxide gas dissolved in boiler wter is dangerous in modern power boiler
because the gas is
A.
Forms carbonic acid which attacks the
waterside
B.
Breaks the magnetic iron oxide film inside the boiler
tubes
C.
Combines with sulfates to cause severe waterside
pitting
D.
Combines with oxygen to severe waterside
scaling
2. The concentrtion of total dissolve solids in the water in a boiler could increase as a result of
A.
Infrequent bottom
blows
B.
Zero water
hardness
C.
Dissolved
oxygen
D.
Priming and
carryover
3. To minimize metal corrosion, boiler water is best kept
A.
Fairly
acidic
B.
Slightly
acidic
C.
N
eu
tr
al
D.
Alk
ali
ne
4. The flash point of the fuel oil should be used to determine the highest temperature to which
the oil may be heated
A.
For
atomizin
g
B.
For
centrifugin
g
C.
In a storage
tank
D.
In the
recirculating line

5. A higher than normal boiler stack temperature usually indicates


A.
Dirty
fireside
B.
Dirty water
side
C.
Fuel high in sulfur
content
D.
Incomplete
combustion
6. The steam drum air vent is normally opened when cooling down a boiler to
A.
Relieve any residual air pressure in the
drum
B.
Prevent a vacuum from forming in the steam
drum
C.
Reduce the pressure in the steam drum more
rapidly
D.
Protect the
superheater
7. Pumps normally used fuel oil service
is
A.
Positive displacement rotary
pump
B.
Two-stage centrifugal
pumps
C.
Explosion proof gear
pumps
D.
Non-vented plunger
pumps
8. Which of the significant combustible elements of the fuel oil is a major source of boiler
corrosion?
A.
Ox
yg
en
B.
S
u
lf
u
r
C.
Hydr
ogen
D.
C
ar
bo

n
9. Failure to remove calcium and magnesium from the feedwater before it reaches the boiler can
result in tube
A.
Sc
ali
ng
B.
P
it
ti
n
g
C.
Scu
ddin
g
D.
Er
osi
on
10. In addition to monitoring flame quality, flame scanners are used in combustion control
systems to
A.
Regulate the air/fuel ratio controller for more efficient
combustion
B.
Secure the forced draft fan upon flame
failure
C.
Automatically opens the fuel oil solenoid
valve
D.
Secure the fuel oil supply in the event of a flame
failure
11. A boiler safety valve must be capable of
A.
Remaining open until excess pressure in the steam drum is
relieved
B.
Remaining open until a preset pressure drop
occurs
C.
Opening graudally above designated
pressure
D.
Closing with a chattering motion to free scale deposits from the
seats
12. If the low water level alarm sounds on an automatically fired boiler, and the low water cut out
fails to function, you must immediately
A.
Blow down the gage glass to determine where the water
level is
B.
Increase the feedwater supply to maintain the water
level
C.
Start the emergency feedwater injector to restore normal water

level
D.
Secure the fire to minimize damage to the boiler
tubes
13. Which is a correct statement concerning heat transfer
A.
Heat is always transferred at a
constant rate
B.
Heat transfer rate increase as temperature difference
increases
C.
The rate of heat transfer is not affected by temperature
difference
D.
The high temperature region is known as a heat
sink
14. Before an explosion can occur in the boiler furnace, there must be an accumulation of
unburned fuel, sufficient air to form an explosive mixture, and a
A.
Space large enough for explosion to
occur
B.
Ground in the burner ignition
electrode
C.
High steam demand on the
boiler
D.
Source of ignition for the explosive
mixture
15. Treatment of boiler feedwater for the control of hardness is necessary to prevent
A.
Excessive feedwater
alkalinity
B.
Foa
min
g
C.
Carr
yove
r
D.
Waterside scale
deposits
16. The presence of sulfur in the fuel oil will most likely cause
A.
A decrease in the ability of the oil to be properly
atomized
B.
Excessive heat content per unit
volume
C.
Heavy slag formation in the
refractory
D.
Corrosion in the fireside of the
boiler
17. The purpose of a peep hole in the boiler casing is to

A.

Examine condition of the


flame
B.
Check the operation of the soot
blowers
C.
Check for excess smoke in the
stack
D.
Examine the condition of the refractory
cone
18. Phosphates are used in the chemical treatment of boiler water to
A.
Control alkalinity and control
vanadium
B.
Convert scale forming salts to relatively harmless
sludge
C.
Neutralize the effects of hydrogen
embrittlement
D.
Decrease dissolved oxygen
content
19. The end product of reactions occurring when boiler water is chemically treated, remain in the
boiler and increase the need for
A.
Makeup
feed
B.
Acid
cleaning
C.
Boiler blow
down
D.
Waterside corrosion
treatment
20. What is the purpose of chemically treating boiler water?
A.
To reduce the formation of scale on the waterside of the
boiler
B.
To reduce to a minimum corrosion of the boiler
metal
C.
Reduce foaming and moisture
carryover
D.
All of the
above
21. Dissolved oxygen can be removed from the boiler water by
A.
Frequent surface and bottom blow
down
B.
Dumping and refilling the boiler
weekly
C.
Passing the water through absorbent
filters

D.

Treating the water with chemical


scavengers
22. High carbon monoxide content in the flue gas of a boiler indicates
A.
Complete
combustion
B.
Too much
excess air
C.
Incomplete
combustion
D.
A high carbon
content fuel
23. When a boiler water test indicates a pH value of 6, you should
A.
Check the deaerator for possible
malfunction
B.
Begin a continuous boiler blow
down
C.
Chemically treat to lower the pH to normal
level
D.
Chemically treat to raise the pH to normal
level
24. Highly alkaline boiler water will contribute to the possible problem of
A.
Caustic
embrittlement
B.
Scale
formation
C.
Calcium carbonate
precipitation
D.
Sodium sulfite reacting with dissolved
oxygen
25. What are the two common gases that dissolved in boiler water and cause corrosion on the
internal parts of the boiler?
A.
Oxygen and carbon
dioxide
B.
Oxygen and carbon
monoxide
C.
Oxygen and
ammonia
D.
Oxygen and
nitrogen
26. An explosion or flareback could occur in teh boiler if
A.
Too much excess air is supplied for
convention
B.
The boiler firing rate exceeded the end point of

circulation
C.
The fuel being burned is heated to the flash
point
D.
The fire box is not purged before attempting to light
a fire
27. Bunker "C" fuel oil is heated prior to atomization to
A.
Increase the heating
value
B.
Increase its specific
gravity
C.
Reduce its
viscosity
D.
Reduce the flash
point
28. The lowest temperature at which fuel oil gives off sufficient vapors to burn continuously when
ignited is defined as the
A.
Burning
temperature
B.
Auto ignition
temperature
C.
Flash
point
D.
Fire
poin
t
29. The most corrosive substances in the boiler water are oxygen and
A.
Hydrogen
sulfide
B.
Sulfur
dioxide
C.
Carbon
dioxide
D.
Am
mon
ia
30. Combustion control systems on utomatic boilers are designed to prevent immediate burner
ignition after a normal, or safety shutdown, in order to allow time for
A.
The furnace to be
purged
B.
Electric charge buildup in the
igniter
C.
The fuel pump to
start

D.

The drum level to


equalize
31. Oil accumulation in boiler water would
A.
Cause foaming and carryover from the
boiler
B.
Increase the heat
transfer rate
C.
Prevent acid attack on the boiler
tubes
D.
Practically eliminate boiler sludge
formation
32. The photoelectric cell installed as part of the combustion safety controls of an augomatically
fired boiler will
A.
Sense light from the burner
flame
B.
Control the modulating pressure control
circuit
C.
Open the control circuit upon sensing an intense
flame
D.
Close the control circuit upon sensing a flame
failure
33. Foaming in the boiler water is a result of
A.
Carr
yove
r
B.
Excessive suspended
solids
C.
Low water
level
D.
Excessive surface
blows
34. Strainers are installed in boiler fuel oil service lines to
A.
Absorb
contaminants
B.
Removes
solids
C.
Decrease
vicosity
D.
Absorb
water
35. Incomplete combustion due to insufficient air yields an excess amount of
A.
Carbon
dioxide

B.

Carbon
monoxide
C.
Nitrogen
oxide
D.
Sulfur
dioxide
36. The prcess of breaking up the fuel into fine particles is to ensure good combustion is called
A.
Se
ttli
ng
B.
Stra
inin
g
C.
Pu
mpi
ng
D.
Atomiz
ation
37. Dissolved gases are removed from the boiler feedwater because they may cause
A.
Condenser
vacuum loss
B.
Corrosive condition in the
boiler
C.
False boiler water
level
D.
Vapor lock in the feed
pumps
38. In automated boiler operations a dirty flame scanner will most likely result in
A.
Increase fuel oil
consumption
B.
Securing fuel oil to the
burner
C.
Load of forced
draft air
D.
Incomplete purge
cycle
39. You should blow down a gauge glass periodically to
A.
Remove any sediment from the
glass
B.
Maintain the proper level in the steam
drum
C.
Provide water sampler for the second
assistant

D.

Test the feedwater stop-check


valve
40. As the pH of the boiler water approaches zero, the wter becomes increasingly
A.
S
o
f
t
B.
Alk
ali
ne
C.
N
eu
tr
al
D.
A
c
i
d
i
c
41. A scanner installed in modern combustion control system, functions to
A.
Cut off the fuel supply when the fire
goes out
B.
Monitors the stack for soot
fires
C.
Regulate the fuel oil supply
pressure
D.
Sample the stack
gases
42. Steam line water hammer can best be prevented by
A.
Keeping line drained and
insulated
B.
Replacing all 90 degree elbows with capped
tees
C.
Always opening steam valves
rapidly
D.
Keeping steam temperature below saturation
point
43. While raising steam on a cold boiler, the air vent is to be closed after
A.
The boiler is cut in on
the line
B.
Steam has formed and all air is
vented

C.

The economizer drain is


closed
D.
All burners have been lit and firing
normally
44. Deaerator feedwater is to prevent
A.
Feed pump
damage
B.
Corrosion in the
boiler
C.
Lose of system
vacuum
D.
All of the
above
45. Low stack gas temperature should be avoided in order to reduce the
A.
Percentage of carbon monoxide in the
stack gas
B.
Formation of sulfuric
acid
C.
Heat loss to the
uptake
D.
Accumulation of
soot
1. In a watertube boiler, the _______ pass(es) throuth the tubes and the _______ pass(es)

across the outside surface of the tubes.


A.
Water;
water
B.
Hot gases of combustion;
water
C.
Water; hot gases of
combustion
D.
Hot gases of combustion; hot gases of
combustion
2. ___________ is the amount the pressure in the boiler must be reduced before the safety valve
reseats.
A.
M
A
W
P
B.
Blow
down
C.
1,50
0

psi
D.
None of the
above
3. Water passes through the tubes of firetube boiler.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
4. A safety valve should be manually tested when the pressure is about ______% of the normal
popping pressure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5. Condensate is water that results from steam losing its heat.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
6. Why should condensate be removed from steam lines?
A.
To prevent
corrosion
B.
To prevent water
hammer
C.
To prevent
sludge
D.
To prevent vapor
damage
7. Flues are specified by their inside diameter.
A.
T
r
u
e

B.

F
a
l
s
e
8. Hot condensate contains less oxygen than cool makeup water.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
9. A "D" style boiler is a watertube boiler.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
10. The three most common fuels used in steam production are _________.
A.
Natural gas, fuel oil, and
kerosene
B.
Natural gas, kerosene, and
wood
C.
Natural gas, fuel oil, and
coal
D.
Natural gas, wood, and
coal
11. The majority of leaks in a firetube boiler occur near the tube ends.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s

e
12. An HRT boiler is a watertube boiler.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
13. The range of a pressure gauge on a steam boiler should be ______ the MAWP.
A.
1 1/2 to 2
times
B.
Not greater
than
C.
Not less
than
D.
2.31
times
14. The purpose of a steam trap is to __________.
A.
Automatically vent steam from the steam
system
B.
Prevent condensate from escaping from the steam
system
C.
Control the steam pressure in the steam
system
D.
Automatically drain condensate and vent air from the steam
system
15. A check valve is a one-way flow valve for fluids.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
16. Superheaters raise the pressure of steam.
A.
T
r
u

e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
17. A safety valve pops open fully and immediately because the valve disc that closes against the
seat of the safety valve is made in a two-stage pattern.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
18. The formula for finding pressure is _____.
A.
Pressure = force X
area
B.
Pressure = (force X
area) \ 2
C.
Pressure = force \
area
D.
Pressure = force \ (area
X 2)
19. A(n) _______ is a short bolt brace that passes through the water leg of a boiler.
A.
A
r
m
B.
S
t
a
y
C.
Br
ac
ke
t
D.
None of the
above
20. A boiler is a closed vessel in which water is transformed into steam under pressure by the
application of heat.
A.
T

r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
21. The downcomer tubes in a watertube boiler contain the _______ water.
A.
Hotter,
rising
B.
Hotter,
descending
C.
Cooler,
rising
D.
Cooler,
descending
22. Any part of the boiler metal that has hot gases of combustion on one side and water on the
other side is the heating ______.
A.
P
l
a
t
e
B.
Su
rfa
ce
C.
U
n
i
t
D.
Ele
me
nt
23. Temperature creats a greater stress than pressure on a boiler shell.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s

e
24. A nonreturn valve can be opened manually.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
25. An "A" style boiler is a firetube boiler with a top drum and two bottom mud drums.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
26. The atmospheric pressure at sea level is ____ psia.
A.
7
.
9
B.
1
2
.
4
C.
1
4
.
7
D.
1
5
.
8
27. There are 8.33 lb of water in 1 cu ft of water.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F

a
l
s
e
28. One Btu is the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 lb of water 1 degree F.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
29. Diagonal stays are welded in modern boilers but may be riveted in older boilers.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
30. MAWP stands for __________.
A.
Minimum achievable working
pressure
B.
Maximum achievable working
pressure
C.
Minimum allowable working
pressure
D.
Maximum allowable working
pressure
31. Superheater tubes must be kept cool by maintaining a sufficient flow of water through the
tubes.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s

e
32. A low-pressure boiler has an MAWP of 15 psi or less.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
33. Boilers that have more than ____ sq ft of heating surface must have two or more safety
valves.
A.
5
0
0
B.
1
,
0
0
0
C.
1
,
5
0
0
D.
2
,
5
0
0
34. Thermal shock is the stress imposed on the boiler metal by a sudden and drastic change in
pressure.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
35. The badge plate is commonly attached to the ______ of the boiler.

A.

W
a
l
l
B.
B
o
d
y
C.
D
o
o
r
D.
Ou
tsi
de
36. Water can be compressed to 75% of its original volume.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
37. Gauge pressure is the pressure below atmospheric pressure.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
38. The safety valve keeps a boiler from exceeding its ________.
A.
Pressur
e limit
B.
M
A
W
P
C.
Temperature

limit
D.
Ove
rflo
w
39. What must be done to prevent damage from vacuum when draining a boiler?
A.
Open the common pressure
gauge
B.
Open the steam
valve
C.
Open the blowdown
valve
D.
Open the vent
valve
40. Flash steam is formed when water at a high temperature and pressure is released to a lower
pressure.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
41. Welded longitudinal joints are stronger than riveted longitudinal joints.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
42. Heat always travels from a body at a high temperature toward a body of low temperature.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s

e
43. A superheater adds Btu to the steam and gives it the capacity to do more work.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
44. A common pressure gauge uses a _____ tube to create movement of the pointer when
pressure is applied.
A.
Si
p
h
o
n
B.
Bo
urd
on
C.
Me
rcu
ry
D.
Thermostatic
bellows
45. Water boils at _____ degrees F under normal atmospheric pressure.
A.
1
0
0
B.
1
4
4
C.
2
1
2
D.
4
3
0
46. Water hammer first damages a steam line at _____ in the piping.
A.
El
bo
w

s
B.
T
e
e
s
C.
Restric
tions
D.
All of the
above
47. _________ administers the application of various approval stamps on boilers, pressure
vessels, and safety valves.
A.
ASME
International
B.
Th
e
N
B
C.
The Boiler
Inspector
D.
None of the
above
48. The maximum capacity of a boiler is the ___________.
A.
Area of the floor it
occupies
B.
Volume of water its shell will
hold
C.
Pounds of steam it will produce in 1 hr at a given pressure and
temperature
D.
Gallons of water required to produce a given amount of steam at a given pressure and
temperature
49. Steam is odorless, colorless, and tasteless.
A.
T
r
u
e
B.
F
a
l
s
e
50. Watertube boilers generate steam from a cold start faster than firetube boilers.
A.
T
r

B.

u
e
F
a
l
s
e