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VISVESVARAYA TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

BELGAUM - 590014
KARNATAKA

Sub Code: (10AE86)

A Seminar Report
On

Universal Mobile Telecommunication System and Wireless


Local Area Network in Aircraft Cabins
Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of

Bachelor of Engineering
In

Aeronautical Engineering
Submitted by
DIGVIJAY SINGH [1DS11AE013]

May-2015

Department of Aeronautical Engineering


Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering
Bangalore-560078

DAYANANDA SAGAR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING


Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bangalore-560078

Department of Aeronautical Engineering

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the seminar work entitled Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
and Wireless Local Area Network in Aircraft Cabins is a bonafide work carried out by DIGVIJAY
SINGH [1DS11AE013] in a partial fulfilment for the 8th Semester of Bachelor of Engineering in
Aeronautical Engineering of the Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum during the year
2014-15. The seminar report has been approved as it satisfies the academic requirements in
respect to Seminar Work [10AE86].

Max. Marks

Marks Obtained

50

Signature of Coordinator
[T.Swathi]
[S.Srinivasan]

Signature of HOD
[Dr.A.Arokkiaswamy]

Dept. of Aeronautical Engineering (DSCE)

2014-2015

ABSTRACT

In the future, airliners will provide a variety of entertainment and


communications equipment to the passenger. Since people are becoming more and more
used to their own communications equipment, such as mobile phones and laptops with
Internet connection, either through a network interface card or dial-in access through
modems, business travelers will soon be demanding wireless access to communication
services. Specifically it focuses on wireless services such as UMTS and W-LAN in
aircraft cabins that connect the passenger via satellite to terrestrial infrastructure. Current
trends are towards high data rate communication services, in particular internet
applications.

In an aeronautical scenario global coverage is essential for providing

continuous service.

Therefore satellite communication became indispensable, and

together with ever increasing data rate requirements of applications, aeronautical satellite
communication meets an expensive market. Certain features of UMTS and W-LAN that
helps to provide these services are also explained.

Dept. of Aeronautical Engineering (DSCE)

2014-2015

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

I would like to express the deepest appreciation to Dr. Karibasappa, Principal,


Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore, who has the attitude and the
substance of a genius; who continually conveyed a spirit of adventure in this regard. He
provided me with the best state-of-art facilities in carrying out my work.

I express my sincere thanks to Dr. A. Arokkiaswamy, Professor and Head, Dept.


of Aeronautical Engineering (DSCE) and Assistant Professor S. Srinivasan (Seminar
Coordinator) for their kind cooperation for presenting the seminar.

I also extend my sincere thanks to all other members of the faculty of


Aeronautical Engineering Department and my friends for their co-operation and
encouragement.

Dept. of Aeronautical Engineering (DSCE)

CONTENTS
Abbreviations
List of Tables
List of Figures
1.

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 1

2.

CABIN ARCHITECTURE .................................................................................... 2

3.

SATELLITE CONNECTION ................................................................................ 4

4.

TECHNICAL OVERVIEW ................................................................................... 6

5.

SERVICE INTEGRATOR ..................................................................................... 9

6.

SERVICE DIMENSIONING ............................................................................... 11

7.

CABIN PROPAGATION...................................................................................... 12

8.

INTERFERENCE ................................................................................................. 14

9.

COLLECTIVELY MOBILE
HETEROGENEOUS NETWORK ...................................................................... 15

10. CONCLUSION ...................................................................................................... 17


11. REFERENCE ........................................................................................................ 18

2014-2015

Dept. of Aeronautical Engineering (DSCE)

Abbreviations

UMTS

Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

IST

Indian Standard Time

W-LAN

Wireless Local Area Network

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IP

Internet Protocol

LAN

Local area network

UTRAN

UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network

CDMA

Code division multiple access

TDMA

Time division multiple access

CMHN

Collectively Mobile Heterogeneous Network

2014-2015

Dept. of Aeronautical Engineering (DSCE)

2014-2015

List of Tables

Table

Description

Page

4.1

General Parameters Comparison....8

Dept. of Aeronautical Engineering (DSCE)

2014-2015

List of Figures
Figures

Description

Page

2.1

Wireless Cabin Architecture...............2

3.1

Inmarsat-3(L-Band) satellite constellation..........4

3.2

Satellite Connection Scenario..............................5

4.1

UMTS Structure...........6

4.2

IP support through Bluetooth access............7

4.3

IP support through fixed cabling or W-LAN.......7

5.1

Service Integrator.9

7.1

Cabin Propagation..13

9.1

CMHN system architecture15

9.2

Cabin CMHN system architecture.16