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Italian Name

English Name

How to Form the Verb

Components of Compound Tenses


Infinitivo

Infinitive

Look it up in the dictionary

Gerundio

Gerund

-ando, -endo, -endo

Participo Passato

Past Participle

-ato, -uto, -ito

Indicative Mood (Present Tenses)


Presente Indicativo

Present Indicative

-o / -i / -a, -e, -e / -iamo / -ate, -ete, -ite / -ano, -ono, -ono

Presente Progressivo

Present Progressive

<stare in present-indicative> < gerund>

Indicative Mood (Past Tenses)


Passato Prossimo

Present Perfect

<aux in present-indicative> <past-participle>

Imperfetto Indicativo

Imperfect Indicative

-re -> -vo / -vi / -va / -vamo / -vate / -vano

Imperfetto
Progressivo

Imperfect
Progressive

<stare in imperfect> <gerund>

Passato Remoto

Past Absolute

-ai, -ei or etti, -ii / -asti, -esti, -isti / -, - or -ette, - /


-ammo, -emmo, -immo / -aste, -este, -iste / -arono, -erono or ettero, -irono

Trapassato Prossimo

Pluperfect

<aux in imperfect> <past-participle>

Trapassato Remoto

Pluperfect Absolute

<aux in passato-remoto> <past-participle

Indicative Mood (Future Tenses)


Futuro Semplice

Future

-er, -er, -ir / -erai, -erai, -irai / -er, -er, -ir / -eremo, -eremo, -iremo /
-erete, -erete, -irete / -eranno, -eranno, -iranno

Futuro Anteriore

Future Perfect

<aux in future> <past-participle>

Imperative

(na) / -a, -i, -i / -i, -a, -a / -iamo / -ate, -ete, -ite / -ino, -ano, -ano

Condizionale
Semplice

Conditional

-erei, -erei, -irei / -eresti, -eresti, -iresti / -erebbe, -erebbe, -irebbe /


-eremmo, -eremmo, -iremmo / -ereste, -ereste, -ireste /
-erebbero, -erebbero, -irebbero

Condizionale Passato

Past Conditional

<aux in conditional> <past-participle>

Imperative Mood
Imperativo
Conditional Mood

Subjunctive Mood (Present Tenses)


Presente Congiuntivo

Present Subjunctive

-i, -a, -a / -i, -a, -a / -i, -a, -a / -iamo / -iate / -ino, -ano, -ano

Congiuntivo
Progressivo

Progressive
Subjunctive

<stare in subjunctive> <gerund>

Subjunctive Mood (Past Tenses)


Passato Congiuntivo

Past Subjunctive

<aux in subjunctive> <past-participle>

Imperfetto
Congiuntivo

Imperfect
Subjunctive

-re -> -ssi / -ssi / -sse / -ssimo / -ste / -ssero

Trapassato
Congiuntivo

Pluperfect
Subjunctive

<aux in imperfect-subjunctive> <past-participle>

Other Verb Formulas:

Modal:

To want to do something, to have to do something, to be able to do something


<modal-verb-conjugated> <infinitive>
Notes:

In compound tenses, use the same auxilliary in front of the modal verb that you
would have used for the <infinitive> verb

si impersonale

one does this or people do this


si <verb-3rd-person-singular>
si <verb-3rd-person> <noun>

If no noun or adjective
Make verb agree in number with <noun>

si <predicate-adj>i

Adjective must be masculine-plural

Notes:

Auxilliary verb (if needed) is always essere. Auxilliary verb and past participle (if
needed) must agree with <noun> in gender and number.
Passive Voice

Convert: <subject> <original-verb> <object>


Into: <object> <essere> <past-participle> da <subject>
Notes:
<essere> is conjugated into the same tense and mood as <original-verb>
<past-participle> is the past participle of the <original-verb>
<essere> and <past-participle> must agree with the <object> in gender and number
da <subject> is optional

Causative:

To make someone do something, I made X do something or I had X do something


<fare-conjugated> <infinitive> a <the person being forced>
Notes:
<infinitive> is the verb which the person is being forced to do