Sei sulla pagina 1di 20

Councilood Councilood

CouncilAmerican

Council

CouncilAmerican

Wood

American Wood

Wood

WAmerican WAmerican

BEAMBEAMBEAMBEAMBEAM DESIGNDESIGNDESIGNDESIGNDESIGN FFFFFORMULASORMULASORMULASORMULASORMULAS WITHWITHWITHWITHWITH SHEARSHEARSHEARSHEARSHEAR ANDANDANDANDAND MOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENT DIADIADIADIADIAGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMS

SHEARSHEARSHEARSHEARSHEAR ANDANDANDANDAND MOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENT DIADIADIADIADIAGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMS
SHEARSHEARSHEARSHEARSHEAR ANDANDANDANDAND MOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENT DIADIADIADIADIAGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMS
SHEARSHEARSHEARSHEARSHEAR ANDANDANDANDAND MOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENT DIADIADIADIADIAGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMS
DIADIADIADIADIAGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMS 2005 EDITION ANSI/AF&PA NDS-2005 Approval Date:

2005 EDITION

ANSI/AF&PA NDS-2005

Approval Date: JANUARY 6, 2005

2005 EDITION ANSI/AF&PA NDS-2005 Approval Date: JANUARY 6, 2005
ANSI/AF&PA NDS-2005 Approval Date: JANUARY 6, 2005 ASD/LRFD ® NDS NATIONAL DESIGN SPECIFICATION ® FOR

ASD/LRFD

®

NDS

NATIONAL DESIGN SPECIFICATION ® FOR WOOD CONSTRUCTION

American Forest & Paper
American
Forest &
Paper

Association

WITH COMMENTARY AND SUPPLEMENT: DESIGN VALUES FOR WOOD CONSTRUCTION

x w R R 2 2 V Shear V M max Moment
x
w
R
R
2
2
V
Shear
V
M max
Moment

American Wood Council

DESIGNDESIGNDESIGNDESIGNDESIGN AIDAIDAIDAIDAID NNNNNooooo 66666

AmericanAmericanAmericanAmericanAmerican FFFFForestorestorestorestorest &&&&& PPPPPaperaperaperaperaper AssociationAssociationAssociationAssociationAssociation

BEAMBEAMBEAMBEAMBEAM FFFFFORMULASORMULASORMULASORMULASORMULAS WITHWITHWITHWITHWITH SHEARSHEARSHEARSHEARSHEAR ANDANDANDANDAND MOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENTMOMENT DIADIADIADIADIAGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMSGRAMS

The American Wood Council (AWC) is part of the wood products group of the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA). AF&PA is the national trade association of the forest, paper, and wood products industry, representing member companies engaged in growing, harvesting, and processing wood and wood fiber, manufacturing pulp, paper, and paperboard products from both virgin and recycled fiber, and producing engineered and traditional wood products. For more information see www.afandpa.org.

While every effort has been made to insure the accuracy of the information presented, and special effort has been made to assure that the information reflects the state-of- the-art, neither the American Forest & Paper Association nor its members assume any responsibility for any particular design prepared from this publication. Those using this document assume all liability from its use.

Copyright © 2007 American Forest & Paper Association, Inc.

American Wood Council 1111 19 th St., NW, Suite 800 Washington, DC 20036

202-463-4713

awcinfo@afandpa.org

www.awc.org

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

IntrIntrIntrIntrIntroductionoductionoductionoductionoduction

Notations Relative to “Shear and Moment Diagrams”

Figures 1 through 32 provide a series of shear and moment diagrams with accompanying formulas

E

= modulus of elasticity, psi

for design of beams under various static loading

I

= moment of inertia, in. 4

conditions.

L

= span length of the bending member, ft.

Shear and moment diagrams and formulas are

R

= span length of the bending member, in.

excerpted from the Western Woods Use Book, 4th

M

= maximum bending moment, in.-lbs.

edition, and are provided herein as a courtesy of

P

= total concentrated load, lbs.

R

= reaction load at bearing point, lbs.

V

= shear force, lbs.

W

= total uniform load, lbs.

w

= load per unit length, lbs./in.

Δ

= deflection or deformation, in.

x

= horizontal distance from reaction to point on beam, in.

ListListListListList ofofofofof FigurFigurFigurFigurFigureseseseses

Figure 1

Simple Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load

4

Figure 2

Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed

4

Figure 3

Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at One End

5

Figure 4

Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at Each End

5

Figure 5

Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to One End

6

Figure 6

Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to Center

6

Figure 7

Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Center

7

Figure 8

Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point

7

Figure 9

Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed

8

Figure 10

Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed

8

Figure 11

Simple Beam – Two Unequal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed

9

Figure 12

Cantilever Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load

9

Figure 13

Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Free End

10

Figure 14

Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point

10

Figure 15

Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Uniformly Distributed Load

11

Figure 16

Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Center

11

Figure 17

Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Any Point

12

Figure 18

Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load

12

Figure 19

Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load on Overhang

13

Figure 20

Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at End of Overhang

13

Figure 21

Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at Any Point Between Supports

14

Figure 22

Beam Overhanging Both Supports – Unequal Overhangs – Uniformly Distributed Load

14

Figure 23

Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Uniformly Distributed Load

15

Figure 24

Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Center

15

Figure 25

Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Any Point

16

Figure 26

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniform Load on One Span

16

Figure 27

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Center of One Span

17

Figure 28

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Any Point

17

Figure 29

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load

18

Figure 30

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed

18

Figure 31

Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load

19

Figure 32

Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Concentrated Load on Each Span Symmetrically Placed

19

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

Figure 1

Simple Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load

x w R R 2 2 V Shear V M max
x
w
R
R
2
2
V
Shear
V
M
max

Moment

Load x w R R 2 2 V Shear V M max Moment 7-36 A Figure

7-36 A

Figure 2

Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed

ab c wb R R 1 2 x V 1 Shear V 2 R 1
ab
c
wb
R
R 1
2
x
V 1
Shear
V
2
R
1
a + —
w
M max
Moment

7-36 B

Distributed ab c wb R R 1 2 x V 1 Shear V 2 R 1

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 3

Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at One End

a wa R R 1 2 x V 1 Shear V 2 R 1 —
a
wa
R
R
1
2
x
V
1
Shear
V
2
R
1
w
M
max

Moment

R 1 2 x V 1 Shear V 2 R 1 — w M max Moment

Figure 4

Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at Each End

7-37 A

a bc w 1 a w 2 c R 1 R 2 x V 1
a bc
w 1 a
w 2 c
R 1
R 2
x
V 1
V 2
Shear
R 1
w 1
M max

Moment

7-37 B

bc w 1 a w 2 c R 1 R 2 x V 1 V 2

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

Figure 5

Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to One End

x W R 1 R 2 .57741 V 1 Shear V 2 M max Moment
x W
R 1
R 2
.57741
V 1
Shear
V 2
M max
Moment
End x W R 1 R 2 .57741 V 1 Shear V 2 M max Moment

Figure 6

Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to Center

7-38 A

x W R R 2 2 V Shear V M max Moment
x
W
R
R
2
2
V
Shear
V
M max
Moment

7-38 B

– Load Increasing Uniformly to Center 7-38 A x W R R 2 2 V Shear

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 7

Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Center

  x P

  x P
 
x P

x

x P

P

R 7 Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Center   x P Moment V Figure 8 Simple

Moment

V

– Concentrated Load at Center   x P R Moment V Figure 8 Simple Beam –

Figure 8

Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point

7-39 A

 
  P  

P

  P  
 
x  

x

 

R

1 a
1
a
b
b

R 2

V 1 V 2 Shear M max
V 1
V 2
Shear
M max

Moment

  x   R 1 a b R 2 V 1 V 2 Shear M max

7-39-b

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

Figure 9

Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed

V

R

x P P R a a Shear V
x
P
P
R
a
a
Shear
V
M max Moment
M max
Moment
Placed V R x P P R a a Shear V M max Moment Figure 10

Figure 10

7-40 A

Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed

x P P R R 1 2 a b V 1 Shear V 2 M
x
P
P
R
R
1
2
a
b
V
1
Shear
V
2
M
M
2
1

Moment

7-40 B

Loads Unsymmetrically Placed x P P R R 1 2 a b V 1 Shear V

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 11

Simple Beam – Two Unequal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed

P 1 P 2 x R 1 R 2 a b V 1 Shear V
P 1
P 2
x
R 1
R 2
a
b
V 1
Shear
V 2
M 2
M 1

Moment

1 P 2 x R 1 R 2 a b V 1 Shear V 2 M

Figure 12

Cantilever Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load

7-41-a w R x V Shear M max Moment
7-41-a
w
R
x
V
Shear
M
max
Moment

7-41- B

– Uniformly Distributed Load 7-41-a w R x V Shear M max Moment 7-41- B AMERICAN

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

Figure 13

Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Free End

P R x V Shear M max Moment
P
R
x
V
Shear
M
max
Moment
Load at Free End P R x V Shear M max Moment Figure 14 Cantilever Beam

Figure 14

Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point

7-42 A

x P R a b Shear V M max Moment
x P
R
a b
Shear
V
M max
Moment

7-42-b

Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point 7-42 A x P R a b Shear V

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 15

Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Uniformly Distributed Load

One End, Supported at Other – Uniformly Distributed Load w R 2 R 1 x V

w

R 2 R 1 x V 1 Shear V 2 3 8 — 4 M
R
2
R
1
x
V
1
Shear
V
2
3
8
4
M
1
M
max
R 2 R 1 x V 1 Shear V 2 3 8 — 4 M 1

Figure 16

Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Center

7-43 A

x P R 2 R 1 2 2 V 1 Shear V 2 M 1
x P
R 2
R 1
2
2
V 1
Shear
V 2
M 1
M 2
— 11 3
7-43 B
Center 7-43 A x P R 2 R 1 2 2 V 1 Shear V 2

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

Figure 17

Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Any Point

P x R 2 R 1 a b V 1 Shear V 2 M 1
P
x
R
2
R
1
a
b
V
1
Shear
V
2
M
1
Moment
M
2
Pa
R
2
a b V 1 Shear V 2 M 1 Moment M 2 Pa — R 2

Figure 18

Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load

7-44 A a x x 1 w( +a) R 1 R 2 (1– a 2
7-44 A
a
x
x 1
w( +a)
R 1
R 2
(1– a 2 )
2
2
V 1
V 2
V 3
Shear
M 1
Moment
M 2
a 2 )
(1–
2

7-44 B

+a) R 1 R 2 (1– a 2 ) 2 2 V 1 V 2 V

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 19

Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load on Overhang

a x x 1 wa R R 2 1 V 2 V 1 Shear
a
x
x 1
wa
R
R 2
1
V 2
V
1
Shear
M max Moment 7-45 A
M max
Moment
7-45 A
x 1 wa R R 2 1 V 2 V 1 Shear M max Moment 7-45

Figure 20

Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at End of Overhang

a x x 1 P R R 1 2 V 2 V 1 Shear M
a
x
x 1
P
R
R
1
2
V
2
V
1
Shear
M
max
Moment

7-45 B

End of Overhang a x x 1 P R R 1 2 V 2 V 1

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

Figure 21

Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at Any Point Between Supports

x x 1 R R 1 2 a b V 1 V 2 Shear M
x
x
1
R
R
1
2
a
b
V
1
V
2
Shear
M
max

Moment

x x 1 R R 1 2 a b V 1 V 2 Shear M max

Figure 22

7-46 A

Beam Overhanging Both Supports – Unequal Overhangs – Uniformly

Distributed Load

w

R R 1 2 a b c V V 2 4 V 1 V 3
R
R
1
2
a
b
c
V
V 2
4
V 1
V
3
X
X
1
M 3
M x 1
M 1
M 2

7-46 B

Distributed Load w R R 1 2 a b c V V 2 4 V 1

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 23

Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Uniformly Distributed Load

x w R R 2 2 V Shear V .2113 M 1 Moment M max
x
w
R
R
2 2
V
Shear
V
.2113
M 1
Moment
M max
x w R R 2 2 V Shear V .2113 M 1 Moment M max Figure

Figure 24

7-47 A

Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Center

x PPP R R 2 2 V Shear V 4 M max Moment M max
x
PPP
R
R
2
2
V
Shear
V
4
M max
Moment
M max

7-47 B

Load at Center x PPP R R 2 2 V Shear V 4 M max Moment

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

Figure 25

Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Any Point

x PPP R R 1 2 a b V 1 Shear V 2 M a
x
PPP
R
R
1
2
a
b
V
1
Shear
V
2
M
a
Moment
M
M
1
2
R 1 2 a b V 1 Shear V 2 M a Moment M M 1

Figure 26

7-48 A

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniform Load on One Span

x w R 1 R 2 R 3 V 1 Shear V 2 V 3
x
w
R 1
R 2
R 3
V 1
Shear
V 2
V 3
7
16
M max
M
1
Moment

7-48 B

Load on One Span x w R 1 R 2 R 3 V 1 Shear V

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 27

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Center of One Span

2 2 PPP R 1 R 2 R 3 V 1 V 3 Shear V
2
2
PPP
R 1
R 2
R 3
V 1
V 3
Shear
V 2
M max
M 1
Moment

7-49 A

1 R 2 R 3 V 1 V 3 Shear V 2 M max M 1

Figure 28

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Any Point

a b PPP R 1 R 2 R 3 V 1 Shear V 2 M
a
b
PPP
R 1
R 2
R 3
V 1
Shear
V 2
M max
Moment
M 1

7-49 B

V 3

Point a b PPP R 1 R 2 R 3 V 1 Shear V 2 M

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

Figure 29

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load

w w R 1 R 2 R 3 V 1 V 2 V V 3
w
w
R 1
R 2
R 3
V
1
V 2
V
V 3
2
3 /8
3 /8
M 2
M 1
Δ max
0.4215
0.4215

7-50 A

3 2 3 /8 3 /8 M 2 M 1 Δ max 0.4215 0.4215 7-50 A

Figure 30

Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed

V 1

PPP PPP R R R 1 2 3 aaaa V 2 V V 3 2
PPP
PPP
R
R
R
1
2
3
aaaa
V
2
V
V
3
2
x
M
M
2
x
M
1
Symmetrically Placed V 1 PPP PPP R R R 1 2 3 aaaa V 2 V

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 31

Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load

V 1

M

w w 1 2 R R R 1 2 3 1 2 V 3 V
w
w
1
2
R
R
R
1
2
3
1
2
V
3
V 4
V
2
x
x
1
2
M
x 2
x 1
M
1
2 3 1 2 V 3 V 4 V 2 x x 1 2 M x

Figure 32

Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Concentrated Load on Each Span Symmetrically Placed

V 1

P P P P 1 2 R R R 1 2 3 1 2 a
P P
P P
1
2
R
R
R
1
2
3
1
2
a
a
bb
V
3
V
V
2
4
M
M
m 1
m 2
M
1
P 1 2 R R R 1 2 3 1 2 a a bb V 3

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

AmericanAmericanAmericanAmericanAmerican FFFFForestorestorestorestorest &&&&& PPPPPaperaperaperaperaper AssociationAssociationAssociationAssociationAssociation AmericanAmericanAmericanAmericanAmerican WWWWWoodoodoodoodood CouncilCouncilCouncilCouncilCouncil 11111111111111111111 19th19th19th19th19th SSSSStreetreetreetreetreet,t,t,t,t, NWNWNWNWNW SuitSuitSuitSuitSuiteeeee 800800800800800 WWWWWashingtashingtashingtashingtashington,on,on,on,on, DCDCDCDCDC 2003620036200362003620036

Phone:Phone:Phone:Phone:Phone: 202-463-4202-463-4202-463-4202-463-4202-463-4777771111133333 FFFFFax:ax:ax:ax:ax: 202-463-2202-463-2202-463-2202-463-2202-463-2797979797911111 aaaaawwwwwcinfcinfcinfcinfcinfo@afandpa.orgo@afandpa.orgo@afandpa.orgo@afandpa.orgo@afandpa.org wwwwwwwwwwwwwww.a.a.a.a.awwwwwc.orgc.orgc.orgc.orgc.org

A F & P A ®

wwwwwwwwwwwwwww.a.a.a.a.awwwwwc.orgc.orgc.orgc.orgc.org A F & P A ® 1 1 -07

11-07