Sei sulla pagina 1di 8

No. of Printed Pages : 8

MTE-06

BACHELOR'S DEGREE PROGRAMME (BDP) Term-End Examination

June, 2014

Er 713 1

ELECTIVE COURSE : MATHEMATICS MTE-06 : ABSTRACT ALGEBRA

Time : 2 hours

Maximum Marks : 50 (Weightage : 70%)

Note : Attempt five questions in all. Question no. 7 is compulsory. Answer any four questions from questions no. 1 to 6. Calculators are not allowed.

 1. (a) Let R be a Euclidean domain with Euclidean valuation d. Show that a non-zero element u E R is a unit in R if and only if d(u) = d(1). 4 (b) Let G be a finite group. and H be the only subgroup of G of order m. Prove that H is a normal subgroup of G. (c) Let S be the set of all polynomials with rational coefficients. Define a relation N on S as follows : pi(x) N p2(x) if pi(x) divides p2(x). Is the relation r•-• reflexive, symmetric and transitive ? Justify your answer. 3 MTE-06 1 P.T.O.

2. (a) Let G be a group containing 56 elements. Show that G has a normal subgroup of order 7 or a normal subgroup of order 8.

(b) Let

E =

a a

b b

a, b E Z

Check

is a ring with identity with

whether R

respect to matrix addition and matrix

multiplication.

(c) If G is a group such that (xy)2 = x2y2 for all x, y E G, show that G is abelian.

3. Let G

(a)

b`

a,be R, a2 *13

b

a

Check whether G is a group under multiplication. Is G abelian ? Justify your answer.

(b)

(c)

Show that f : Z +

by fpm + ,idn) = m - J xi, is a

homomorphism of rings. Is it bijective ? If

yes, find f -1.

Find signatures of the following permutations :

Z +

Z defined

 (1 2 3 4 4 5 2 1 3,

4.

(a) Find the orders of the following permutations :

(b)

 (i) (12)(34) (ii) (14)(34)

Check whether 24x3 + 18x2 - 27x + 72 is irreducible over Q EX] . Is it irreducible over Z [X] ? Justify your answer. Is Q [X]

a field ? Justify

Let H and K be subgroups of a group G. Show that H U K is a subgroup of G if and only if H c K or K c H.

5. (a) Let G be a group and let g E G. Define an operation * on G by a * b = a g b for all a, b E G. Prove that G is a group with respect to *.

(c)

 (b) Let R = a + b E Z I. Find all the units of R. Check whether 1 + Nr-3- is irreducible in R. 6. Let (a)

MTE-06

{ "a b\

G=

a

and H=

b

}

ad - bc = 1 . Check

{:

c

whether His a subgroup of G. Is it normal in G?

3

3

P.T.O.

(b)

(c)

Prove that a non-zero homomorphism f from a field F into a ring R is always injective. 4

Let R be an integral domain and let a E R. Under what conditions on a, <a> = R ? Find all the a E Z5 such that <a> = Z5.

3

7. Which of the following statements are true ?

2x5=10

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

A polynomial of degree 3 in Z6[xl can have four roots in Z6.

A group of order 24 can have a subgroup of order 4 and index 8.

The set of all odd permutations in S n is a subgroup of Sn.

Characteristic of a finite field containing 2 3 elements is 3.

InaringRifa,bE R are such that a + b is a zero divisor, than both a and b are zero divisors.

MTE-06

4

ti inch War chi stoi

trNTr-

13, 2014

ct) lgtisb+i :

: a9 ~1wi11i1a

ffilet :2 Eiu

37RiWRIT 3*: 50

(c-/ : 70%)

spc-/ qty NW 4,07

/

#. 7 cm- 1 argarif /NW

1 4 6 #?:?" ATe- W7Fe

1R-47

dm 007 . 1

 cispc?&. * Pi 77r 954 arizift * 1. ( Tirg #1.N7 R 76tgtzt d cucii

/ft;fttzf 31 t I tUT-47 f

al-444

u E R, R

l Hiicr. -4, ziR atIT 4.40 ziI

d(u) = d(1). (131) T1R #IN7 G 7-* tegtrff ti40 t 3

m

T GW4•01c1 -371:117tIRTZ*Ii** H, G

H,

4

 31tiI+-11-e1TRTI:kgt 3 .1Tri-4 elk.) Trift ATRI (IT) ITiq #1.1* tir44 tit-cati t I s Fid-r N -FT ucta tribTriim te4R : p (x) p 2 (x) 11R p 1 (x), p2(x) f044T1-4ff chtit t I li*ET N r-gF4, TPTRiff { kishiqch ? aTc14 alit it N R I 3

MTE-06

5

P.T.O.

2.

3.

() 117 #01'4 G

8

G, 56 3-rdzidl

t

I

tC4T-47

cr>lre. 7

T sito-11-0-1 7fErV t TIT -Ot

UIRTV

'

(TO

a

b

a

b

a, b e Z

•Q-r-A-

1:1744-T dcwicP aciei

R j

G

R aTr-ag 74IT 3T

3-TTRkg !pH

x, y

e

7rf

ATET :1110 f"i1

rM

1- 3f.r7

G 3TT4t t I

() ITIR-dtr-4R

4

4

2

 a 13\ G= a,beR, a2 #132 • a *rr7R G TITT 3Tift4 t 7IT

-le

I ErF G 34T41•? 3ltr4

 .*tf* iturri Tb—ea. f : Z + 13.- Z -> Z + ,rd z ,

f(m

t11-114,1 di t I fTTig 4 -Q•

n) = m -

rl Tff 0:14R I

trOTTfifff cell

? art

-11-1

NCI

*IWW Tff*fr77

 (1 2 3 4 5 2 1 3, ITT zrg AtrA I TRI ? 3T drit

4

4

2

4.

(T)

HiCiRstosto-ra

 (i) (12)(34) (ii) (14)(34)

W*4;11. Tff *tr-A7 :

3

Alfa 24x 3 + 18x2 - 27x + 72, Q [X]

5.

(TO

(T)

tFT 34- 41-4 t Te IT4T .zT z[x]

t ? aTEr43

[X]

(24x3 + 18x2 - 27x + 72)

0-q

344-41-4

I err

? aTcF4

3i

1:1F #tf*

I

K tiitq G

ZtfErzg #

tUTF f*HUK,GWT:Fgrt 43tIZ

4paci zit Hg WzrIKcH.

g E G. Trtft

'r7R G

*pig t

4

3

a,beG*R.Ra*b=agbTUGtfTki

*TrPoTrfiff ATA I f„g *rf* kpip t I

* Ta44T

4

NO TER'INRR= la+b-d=-3- 1a,bEZI.

1 4-

mich Tff *Iftg I q'TW AtA -1* R 3ifie40 711. T41 I

6. () Tifq #tf*

a b

 G = {( a H c

b`

d,

MTE-06

•Qi*ft H, G T3111:FF t 7t Te I AAT zrC4.

A

t?

3

P.T.O.

7

 NO 1 T f tiaa *Q. al ii # I 4 (ii) 14R #IN7 R TErMt 'Off # AK a E R. a chi TA41.11 * aTift4 = R ? Trill a E Z5 7110 th7 f•Ci = Z5. 3 7. 1-14-ircilI00 4.1-.4 Trm # ? aTEr4 2x5=10
 (i) Z6[x] via. 3 i -47g * Z6 14 'qFT 1,0 ticb # I (ii) -Qt 24 * 4 311( ti-achict) 8 .3tRi:7 t

(iii) sn Trift

sir 311:7

(iv)

(v)

 #I 23 3T-44-d1 1:11*1-ci 3-IiTM-TruT # I arm R zit a, b R t4# -N-4* a + b

/ \-0-1

t

#, T4 a aTIK b

k-e4 * 3-TT7

MTE-06

8

5,000