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MTE-06

BACHELOR'S DEGREE PROGRAMME (BDP) Term-End Examination

June, 2014

Er 713 1

ELECTIVE COURSE : MATHEMATICS MTE-06 : ABSTRACT ALGEBRA

Time : 2 hours

Maximum Marks : 50 (Weightage : 70%)

Note : Attempt five questions in all. Question no. 7 is compulsory. Answer any four questions from questions no. 1 to 6. Calculators are not allowed.

1. (a)

Let R be a Euclidean domain with Euclidean valuation d. Show that a non-zero element u E R is a unit in R if and only if d(u) = d(1).

4

(b)

Let G be a finite group. and H be the only subgroup of G of order m. Prove that H is a normal subgroup of G.

(c)

Let S be the set of all polynomials with rational coefficients. Define a relation N on S

as follows :

pi(x) N p2(x) if pi(x) divides p2(x).

Is the relation r•-• reflexive, symmetric and

transitive ? Justify your answer.

3

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1

P.T.O.

2. (a) Let G be a group containing 56 elements. Show that G has a normal subgroup of order 7 or a normal subgroup of order 8.

(b) Let

E =

a a

b b

a, b E Z

Check

is a ring with identity with

whether R

respect to matrix addition and matrix

multiplication.

(c) If G is a group such that (xy)2 = x2y2 for all x, y E G, show that G is abelian.

3. Let G

(a)

b`

a,be R, a2 *13

b

a

Check whether G is a group under multiplication. Is G abelian ? Justify your answer.

(b)

(c)

Show that f : Z +

by fpm + ,idn) = m - J xi, is a

homomorphism of rings. Is it bijective ? If

yes, find f -1.

Find signatures of the following permutations :

Z +

Z defined

(1

2

3

4

4

5

2

1

3,

Is it an even permutation ? Justify your answer.

4.

(a) Find the orders of the following permutations :

(b)

(i)

(12)(34)

(ii)

(14)(34)

Check whether 24x3 + 18x2 - 27x + 72 is irreducible over Q EX] . Is it irreducible over Z [X] ? Justify your answer. Is Q [X]

a field ? Justify

(24x3 + 18x2 - 27x + 72) your answer.

Let H and K be subgroups of a group G. Show that H U K is a subgroup of G if and only if H c K or K c H.

5. (a) Let G be a group and let g E G. Define an operation * on G by a * b = a g b for all a, b E G. Prove that G is a group with respect to *.

(c)

(b)

Let R = a +

b E Z I. Find all the

units of R. Check whether 1 + Nr-3- is irreducible in R.

6. Let

(a)

 

MTE-06

{ "a b\

G=

a,b,c,dER, ad-bc> 0

a

and H=

b

}

ad - bc = 1 . Check

{:

c

whether His a subgroup of G. Is it normal in G?

3

3

P.T.O.

(b)

(c)

Prove that a non-zero homomorphism f from a field F into a ring R is always injective. 4

Let R be an integral domain and let a E R. Under what conditions on a, <a> = R ? Find all the a E Z5 such that <a> = Z5.

3

7. Which of the following statements are true ?

Justify your answers.

2x5=10

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

A polynomial of degree 3 in Z6[xl can have four roots in Z6.

A group of order 24 can have a subgroup of order 4 and index 8.

The set of all odd permutations in S n is a subgroup of Sn.

Characteristic of a finite field containing 2 3 elements is 3.

InaringRifa,bE R are such that a + b is a zero divisor, than both a and b are zero divisors.

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MTE-06

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