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JANSONS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

(Approved by AICTE and Affiliated to Anna University Chennai)


Karumathampatti Coimbatore 641 659

JANSONS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


(Approved by AICTE and Affiliated to Anna University Chennai)
Karumathampatti Coimbatore 641 659

UNIT II ENTROPY OF A SYSTEM- PROBLEMS


Tutorial 2

UNIT II ENTROPY OF A SYSTEM- PROBLEMS


Tutorial 2

1.
An aluminium block (Cp= 400J/kg K) with a mass of 5 kg is initially at 40C
in room air at 20C. It is cooled reversibly by transferring heat to a completely
reversible cyclic heat engine until the block reaches 20C. The 20C room air serves
as a constant temperature sink for the engine. Compute
i. The change in entropy for the block,
ii. The change in entropy for the room air,
iii. The work done by the engine
2.
A Carnot engine delivers 100 kW of power by operating between
temperature reservoirs at 100C and 1000C. Calculate the entropy change of each
reservoir and net entropy change of the two reservoirs after 20 min of operation
3.
1200 kJ of heat is supplied to an engine from a source of 20 C, the
sink temperature is 2C which of the following cycle represents reversible,
irreversible or impossible cycle?
i. 275 kJ heat is rejected to sink
ii. 825 kJ heat is rejected
iii. 350 kJ heat is rejected
4.
A.
One kg of water at 0C is brought into contact with a heat reservoir
at 90C. when the water has reached 90 C, find
i. Entropy change of water
ii. Entropy change of the heat reservoir
iii. Entropy change of the universe
B.
If the water is heated from 0C to 90C by first bringing it in contact
with a reservoir at 40C and then with a reservoir at 90C, what will the entropy
change of the universe is?
5.
In a Carnot cycle the maximum pressure and temperature are
limited to 18 bar and 410 C. The volumetric ratio of isentropic compression is
6and isothermal expansion is 1.5. Assume the volume of air at the beginning of
isothermal expansion as 0.18m3. Show the cycle on p-V and T-s diagrams and
determine
a.
the pressure and temperature at the main points
b.
thermal efficiency of the cycle.
6.
0.2 kg of air at 1.5bar and 27C is compressed to a pressure of 15 bar
according to the law of PV1.25=C. Determine work done on or by air, heat flow to or
from the air, increase or decrease in entropy?
7.
A.
1 kg of ice melts at constant atmospheric pressure and at 0C to
form liquid water. If the latent heat of fusion of ice is 333.3kJ/kg, calculate the
entropy change during process?
B.
Find the change in entropy of 1kg of ice which is heated
from -50C to 0C. Cp ice = 2.093 kJ/kg K. The pressure during heating is
maintained at 1 atm constant. Latent heat of fusion of ice=334.96 kJ/kg

1.
An aluminium block (Cp= 400J/kg K) with a mass of 5 kg is initially at 40C
in room air at 20C. It is cooled reversibly by transferring heat to a completely
reversible cyclic heat engine until the block reaches 20C. The 20C room air serves
as a constant temperature sink for the engine. Compute
i. The change in entropy for the block,
ii. The change in entropy for the room air,
iii. The work done by the engine
2.
A Carnot engine delivers 100 kW of power by operating between
temperature reservoirs at 100C and 1000C. Calculate the entropy change of each
reservoir and net entropy change of the two reservoirs after 20 min of operation
3.
1200 kJ of heat is supplied to an engine from a source of 20 C, the
sink temperature is 2C which of the following cycle represents reversible,
irreversible or impossible cycle?
i. 275 kJ heat is rejected to sink
ii. 825 kJ heat is rejected
iii. 350 kJ heat is rejected
4.
A.
One kg of water at 0C is brought into contact with a heat reservoir
at 90C. when the water has reached 90 C, find
i. Entropy change of water
ii. Entropy change of the heat reservoir
iii. Entropy change of the universe
B.
If the water is heated from 0C to 90C by first bringing it in contact
with a reservoir at 40C and then with a reservoir at 90C, what will the entropy
change of the universe is?
5.
In a Carnot cycle the maximum pressure and temperature are
limited to 18 bar and 410 C. The volumetric ratio of isentropic compression is
6and isothermal expansion is 1.5. Assume the volume of air at the beginning of
isothermal expansion as 0.18m3. Show the cycle on p-V and T-s diagrams and
determine
a.
the pressure and temperature at the main points
b.
thermal efficiency of the cycle.
6.
0.2 kg of air at 1.5bar and 27C is compressed to a pressure of 15 bar
according to the law of PV1.25=C. Determine work done on or by air, heat flow to or
from the air, increase or decrease in entropy?
7.
A.
1 kg of ice melts at constant atmospheric pressure and at 0C to
form liquid water. If the latent heat of fusion of ice is 333.3kJ/kg, calculate the
entropy change during process?
B.
Find the change in entropy of 1kg of ice which is heated from -50C
to 0C. Cp ice = 2.093 kJ/kg K. The pressure during heating is maintained at 1 atm
constant. Latent heat of fusion of ice=334.96 kJ/kg

Gandhiram Thangavelu, Dept of Mechanical Engg, JIT

Gandhiram Thangavelu, Dept of Mechanical Engg, JIT