Sei sulla pagina 1di 420
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Installation Guide Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 for all

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Installation Guide

Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 for all architectures

Red Hat Engineering Content ServicesPetr Bokoč

Tomáš Čapek Brian Exelbierd

Barbora Ančincová

Yoana Ruseva

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Installation Guide

Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 for all architectures

Petr Bokoč Red Hat Engineering Content Services pbokoc@redhat.com

Tomáš Čapek Red Hat Engineering Content Services tcapek@redhat.com

Barbora Ančincová Red Hat Engineering Content Services bancinco@redhat.com

Yoana Ruseva Red Hat Engineering Content Services yruseva@redhat.com

Brian Exelbierd Red Hat Engineering Content Services bexelbie@redhat.com

Red Hat Engineering Content Services

Legal Notice

Copyright © 2013 Red Hat, Inc. and others.

Red Hat, as the licensor of this document, waives the right to enforce, and agrees not to assert, Section 4d of CC-BY-SA to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law.

Red Hat, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, the Shadowman logo, JBoss, MetaMatrix, Fedora, the Infinity Logo, and RHCE are trademarks of Red Hat, Inc., registered in the United States and other countries.

Linux ® is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States and other countries.

Java ® is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates.

XFS ® is a trademark of Silicon Graphics International Corp. or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other countries.

MySQL ® is a registered trademark of MySQL AB in the United States, the European Union and other countries.

Node.js ® is an official trademark of Joyent. Red Hat Software Collections is not formally related to or endorsed by the official Joyent Node.js open source or commercial project.

The OpenStack ® Word Mark and OpenStack Logo are either registered trademarks/service marks or trademarks/service marks of the OpenStack Foundation, in the United States and other countries and are used with the OpenStack Foundation's permission. We are not affiliated with, endorsed or sponsored by the OpenStack Foundation, or the OpenStack community.

All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Abstract

This manual explains how to boot the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 installation program (Anaconda) and how to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 on AMD64 and Intel 64 systems, 64-bit IBM Power Systems servers, and IBM System z. It also covers advanced installation methods such as Kickstart installations, PXE installations, and installations over VNC. Finally, it describes common post-installation tasks and explains how to troubleshoot installation problems.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

.

Chapter 1. Downloading Red Hat Enterprise Linux

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Chapter 2. Making Media

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 5

.

. 7

.

7

 

2.1. Making an Installation CD or DVD 2.2. Making Installation USB Media 2.3. Preparing Installation Sources

 

7

10

.

Part I. AMD64 and Intel 64 — Installation and Booting

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Chapter 3. Planning for Installation on AMD64 and Intel 64 Systems 3.1. Upgrade or Install? 3.2. Is Your Hardware Compatible? 3.3. Supported Installation Targets 3.4. System Specifications List 3.5. Do You Have Enough Disk Space? 3.6. RAID and Other Disk Devices 3.7. Choose an Installation Boot Method 3.8. Automating the Installation with Kickstart

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

16

.

.

17

.

.

17

 

17

18

18

19

19

20

21

Chapter 4. Updating Drivers During Installation on AMD64 and Intel 64 Systems 4.1. Limitations of Driver Updates During Installation 4.2. Preparing for a Driver Update During Installation 4.3. Performing a Driver Update During Installation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

22

.

.

22

 

23

24

Chapter 5. Booting the Installation on AMD64 and Intel 64 Systems 5.1. Starting the Installation Program 5.2. The Boot Menu

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

29

29

.

.

 

31

Chapter 6. Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux on AMD64 and Intel 64 Systems 6.1. Installation Mode Options 6.2. Welcome Screen and Language Selection 6.3. The Installation Summary Screen 6.4. Date & Time 6.5. Language Support 6.6. Keyboard Configuration 6.7. Installation Source 6.8. Network & Hostname 6.9. Software Selection 6.10. Installation Destination 6.11. Storage Devices 6.12. Begin Installation 6.13. The Configuration Menu and Progress Screen 6.14. Installation Complete

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

34

34

.

.

 

38

39

41

43

44

45

47

52

53

77

83

84

88

Chapter 7. Troubleshooting Installation on AMD64 and Intel 64 Systems 7.1. Trouble Beginning the Installation 7.2. Trouble During the Installation 7.3. Problems After Installation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

89

91

.

.

 

91

96

.

Part II. IBM Power Systems — Installation and Booting

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Chapter 8. Planning for Installation on IBM Power Systems 8.1. Upgrade or Install? 8.2. Is Your Hardware Compatible? 8.3. IBM Installation Tools 8.4. Preparation for IBM Power Systems Servers 8.5. Supported Installation Targets

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

102

.

.

.

103

103

.

.

 

103

103

104

104

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Installation Guide

8.6. System Specifications List

105

8.7. Do You Have Enough Disk Space?

106

8.8. RAID and Other Disk Devices

106

8.9. Choose an Installation Boot Method

107

8.10. Automating the Installation with Kickstart

107

Chapter 9. Updating Drivers During Installation on IBM Power Systems 9.1. Limitations of Driver Updates During Installation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

109

109

.

.

9.2. Preparing for a Driver Update During Installation

109

9.3. Performing a Driver Update During Installation

111

.

Chapter 10. Booting the Installation on IBM Power Systems

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 10.1. The Boot Menu

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

115

116

.

.

10.2. Installing from a Different Source

116

10.3. Booting from the Network Using a yaboot Installation Server

117

Chapter 11. Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux on IBM Power Systems 11.1. Installation Mode Options

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

118

118

.

.

11.2. Welcome Screen and Language Selection

122

11.3. The Installation Summary Screen

123

11.4. Date & Time

125

11.5. Language Support

127

11.6. Keyboard Configuration

128

11.7. Installation Source

129

11.8. Network & Hostname

131

11.9. Software Selection

136

11.10. Installation Destination

137

11.11. Storage Devices

158

11.12. Begin Installation

164

11.13. The Configuration Menu and Progress Screen

165

11.14. Installation Complete

169

Chapter 12. Troubleshooting Installation on IBM Power Systems 12.1. Trouble Beginning the Installation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

170

171

.

.

12.2. Trouble During the Installation

171

12.3. Problems After Installation

177

.

Part III. IBM System z Architecture — Installation and Booting

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Chapter 13. Planning for Installation on IBM System z

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 13.1. Pre-installation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

180

.

.

.

181

181

.

.

13.2. Overview of the System z Installation Procedure

181

.

Chapter 14. Booting the Installation on IBM System z

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 14.1. Customizing generic.prm

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

184

184

.

.

.

14.2. Considerations for Hard Drive Installation on IBM System z

184

14.3. Installing under z/VM

185

14.4. Installing in an LPAR

188

Chapter 15. Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux on IBM System z 15.1. Installation Mode Options

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

191

191

.

.

15.2. Welcome Screen and Language Selection

194

15.3. The Installation Summary Screen

195

15.4. Date & Time

197

15.5. Language Support

198

15.6. Keyboard Configuration

199

15.7. Installation Source

201

15.8. Network & Hostname

202

15.9. Software Selection

205

15.10. Installation Destination

207

Table of Contents

15.11. Storage Devices

225

15.12. Begin Installation

233

15.13. The Configuration Menu and Progress Screen

234

15.14. Installation Complete

238

Chapter 16. Troubleshooting Installation on IBM System z 16.1. Trouble During the Installation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

240

241

.

.

.

16.2. Problems After Installation

246

Chapter 17. Configuring an Installed Linux on IBM System z Instance 17.1. Adding DASDs

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

248

248

.

.

.

17.2. Adding FCP-attached Logical Units (LUNs)

 

252

17.3. Adding a Network Device

256

Chapter 18. Parameter and Configuration Files on IBM System z 18.1. Required Parameters

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

265

265

.

.

18.2. The z/VM Configuration File

265

18.3. Installation Network Parameters

266

18.4. Parameters for Kickstart Installations

270

18.5. Miscellaneous Parameters

270

18.6. Sample Parameter File and CMS Configuration File

271

.

Chapter 19. IBM System z References

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 19.1. IBM System z Publications

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

272

.

.

272

19.2. IBM Redbooks Publications for System z

272

19.3. Online Resources

273

.

Part IV. Advanced Installation Options

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.