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18 Important Film Movements Every Movie Buff Should Know 06 April 2015 | Features , Other
18 Important Film Movements Every Movie Buff Should Know 06 April 2015 | Features , Other

06 April 2015 | Features, Other Lists | by Anthony Crossland

2015 | Features , Other Lists | by Anthony Crossland A film movement is a wave

A film movement is a wave of films usually following a particular trend in cinema of the time. Most trending movements but influence world cinema. These films have cultural origins usually influenced by national tragedy, popular culture, or

Experimental techniques can be used to create the innovating filming styles. Boundaries in editing are also pushed to t these films a unique identity. These innovating films impact Hollywood and are very important in not only the history but cinema.

1. German Expressionism

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During the First World War, foreign films were not allowed

During the First World War, foreign films were not allowed into Germany. A result that would help grow the German film the German economy was struggling. Instead of vacations, people began to go to the cinema, which was a cheap way to the golden age of Hollywood caused by the great depression.

The films were silent and in black and white due to the era. Sometime filmmakers tinted some scenes in a colour such different mood. The art design, style of the actors and use of shadows made the films look surreal, similar to the surrea Because of the experimentation in art, it’s speculative that a lot of filmmakers and artists in Europe were experimenting

Sadly some of the films from this time are lost. Studios didn’t preserve films in secure temperature controlled warehous Documentation and photographs confirm these films once existed. One of the most famous German expressionist films Fritz Lang), had been restored, however in 2005 a reel with more footage was found in New Zealand and in 2008 anoth Buenos Aires, Argentina. The last restoration was in 2010.

Major Figures:

F.W. Murnau

Fritz Lang

G.W. Pabst

Robert Wiene

Notable Films in existence today:

“Nosferatu, a Symphony of Horror” (1922 dir. F.W. Murnau) “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” (1920 dir. Robert Wiene) “The Golem: How He Came into the World” (1920 dir. Carl Boese and Paul Wegenar) “Metropolis” (1927 dir. Fritz Lang) “M” (1931 dir. Fritz Lang) “Pandora’s Box” (1929 dir. G.W. Pabst)

German Expressionism was killed off when the Nazi regime took power but its influence would live on. Frtiz Lang and F work in Hollywood. The traits of German expressionism can be seen in Alfred Hitchcock’s early silent work. Many of Ti thought to be modern expressionism.

Werner Herzog directed “Nosferatu the Vampyre” in 1979 as a tribute to Nosferatu and in 2000 the making of F.W. Mur fictionalized into the film: “Shadow of the vampire”. “Metropolis” inspired the art direction on futurist films such as “Blad Ridley Scott) as well as others.

George Lucas also took inspiration from Metropolis for “THX 1138” (1971) and Star wars. In 1984 music producer Gior Metropolis. The New restoration was colourized and rescored with 1980’s pop music.

Metropolis was even adapted into a manga and in 2001 a feature length anime film titled Metropolis was adapted from Coppola wanted to do a live action remake but has since abandoned the project after several attempts.

It’s very possible that these films will continue to not only inspire but also even be remade. And there’s still the hope tha films will resurface somewhere in the world. Thankfully The Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau Foundation will be active in conti important films.

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“I was called the greatest director in Europe, but I was just a hard worker.” – Fritz Lang

Check out our essential German Expressionism film list.

2. French New Wave

German Expressionism film list . 2. French New Wave Young film critics in the late 1950s

Young film critics in the late 1950s writing for Cahiers du cinema, had a wide knowledge of films and were growing tires monotonousness industry. Keen on innovation, they got to work. The group consisted of friends and help out one anoth changing cinema. Other French filmmakers soon followed.

The films had low budgets but were stylized with tracking shots, fast pans and handheld camera work and most famou and Hollywood worked on a formula of editing. The French new wave broke the rules and would jump cut scenes to ch the film more energy.

Major Figures:

Francois Truffaut

Jean-Luc Godard

Eric Rohmer

Claude Chabrol

Jacques Rivette

Notable Films:

“The 400 Blows” (1959 dir. Francois Truffaut) “Jules and Jim” (1962 dir. Francois Truffaut) “Breathless” (1960 dir. Jean-Luc Godard) “Le beau Serge” (1958 dir. Claude Chabrol) “Sign of Leo” (1962 dir. Eric Rohmer) “Paris Belongs to Us” (1961 dir. Jacques Rivette)

French new wave didn’t die but evolved and changed film editing. Some modern Hollywood films now feature jump cut a modernised American remake but was met with mix reviews. However, Quentin Tarantino is a fan of the remake and production company A Band Apart films which is a play on words of the French new wave film, “Bande a part” (1964 di

Jean-Luc Godard continues to make films in a similar style but unfortunately the once innovating filmmaker has progre Marxist ideology and xenophobia towards Americans.

“The film of tomorrow will not be directed by civil servants of the camera, but by artists for whom shooting a film constit thrilling adventure.” – Francois Traffaut

Check out our essential French New Wave film list.

3. New Hollywood

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In the 1960s, the United States was radically changing. The

In the 1960s, the United States was radically changing. The old Hollywood studio system had set formulas for filmmaki compete with television sitcoms of the time. And with the war in Vietnam and race riots, people grew tired of films like “ Hollywood was loosing money and filmmakers who had gone to film school and watched foreign films started directing

There was no set style, just influences from foreign films. These films were not for the entire family. Promiscuous sex, d violence became apart of these films. The films didn’t have glamorous aesthetics and were gritty.

Major Figures:

Martin Scorsese Terrence Malick John Cassavetes Francis Ford Coppola Mike Nichols Arthur Penn

Notable Films:

“Taxi Driver” (1976 dir. Martin Scorsese) “Dog Day Afternoon” (1975 dir. Sidney Lumet) “Easy Rider” (1969 dir. Dennis Hopper) “The Graduate” (1967 dir. Mike Nichols) “Bonnie and Clyde” (1967 dir. Arthur Penn) “Midnight Cowboy” (1969 dir. John Schlesinger) “Two-Lane Blacktop” (1971 dir. Monte Hellman) “Badlands” (1973 dir. Terrence Malick) “The Deer Hunter” (1978 dir. Michael Cimino) “The Killing of a Chinese Bookie” (1976 dir. John Cassavetes) “The Conversation” (1974 dir. Francis Ford Coppola)

New Hollywood pushed both American independent and Hollywood films. Hollywood continues to make a few great tho each year and take influence from world cinema as well as influencing films across the world. American new wave nev new.

“You don’t make pictures for Oscars.” – Martin Scorsese

Check out our essential New Hollywood film list.

4. Italian Neo-Realism

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After the Second World War Italy was in ruins. With an at

After the Second World War Italy was in ruins. With an attitude that began to hate happy go luck films from Hollywood, poetic realism films.

These films wouldn’t be afraid to show realistic and gritty locations. The stories didn’t need to have a happy ending. Po joys and sadness were seen as realistic and that’s what was portrayed.

Major Figures:

Federico Fellini Roberto Rossellini Vittorio De Sica Luchino Visconti

Notable Films:

“Rome, Open City” (1945 dir. Roberto Rossellini) “The Bicycle Thieves” (1948 dir. Vittorio De Sica) “I Vitelloni” (1953 Federico Fellini) “Umberto D.” (1952 dir. Vittorio De Sica) “La Terra Trema” (1948 dir. Luchino Visconti)

The Italian neo realist filmmakers continued working in the Italian film industry and later were involved with co-productio wave artists whom they had helped inspire.

A big fan of Neo realism is Martin Scorsese who not only made a documentary about neo realism but also has made m gritty films inspired by neo realism. Italian neo realism has helped the French new wave and new Hollywood and contin cinema.

“I’ve lost all my money on these films. They are not commercial. But I’m glad to lose it this way. To have for a souvenir Umberto D. and The Bicycle Thief.” - Vittorio De Sica

Check out our essential Italian Neo-Realism film list.

5. Cinema du look

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The 1980s culture changed a lot. Video games, fashion,

The 1980s culture changed a lot. Video games, fashion, adverts and music videos became very important in 1980s an Even with government support to help boost France’s film industry, filmmakers still had to work their way up on heavily music videos and adverts. Three young stylised French directors made films which critics began calling a movement of

Style was used to make the films look good. Most films were very colourful just as the current adverts or music videos movements before were focused on story, these filmmakers wanted to make their films look cool and their charters at ti stars. Modern pop culture was interweaved and dramatic looks were abandoned.

Major Figures:

Jean-Jacques Beineix Luc Besson Leos Carax

Notable films:

“Betty Blue” (1986 dir. Jean-Jacques Beineix) “Les Amants du Pont-Neuf” (1991 dir. Leos Carax) “Leon: The Professional” (1994 dir. Luc Besson) “La Femme Nikta” (1990 dir. Luc Besson)

The words cinema du look can be used for films today. Bright looking films have seemed to not only have great posters sell story driven dramas however Star treks lens flares is not where cinema du look lives on. Spike Lee’s “Do the Right example.

It’s possible that it was either influenced by the on going movement or took similar inspirations for style. “Do the Right T later films in the movement like Leos Carax’s Les Amants du Pont-Neuf (1991). Luc Besson continues to make films an wonderful ascetics.

“I think we have the wrong notion of commercial and intellectual or artistic film. Because all films are commercial.” – Lu

Check out our essential Cinema du look film list.

6. Dogme 95

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Dogme 95 is one of the few movements to have an official set

Dogme 95 is one of the few movements to have an official set of rules documented in a manifesto. The Manifesto was directors Lars von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg. Dogma, as in a set of principles and the number 95 as in the year.

It was an update of a 1954 article wrote by French new wave director Francois Traffaut. All films had to be approved to the Dogme 95. Although dogma 95 started in Denmark the movement was worldwide.

The style was set from the rules known as the “vow of chastity”. But rules were broken and confessions were made. On was to only use 35mm film, which was then changed to videotape. Films were shot handheld without filters and althoug occasions, the rules said to shoot on location, with no added sound, lights or props. That caused these films have som style.

As for story, genre movies were a no no and so were superficial actions like murder. The other rules stated that the telli was set in was forbidden and so was the director to be credited. Although the secret is out and we now know which dir

Major Figures:

Lars von Trier Thomas Vinterberg

Notable Films:

Dogma 1 “The Celebration” (Denmark 1998 dir. Thomas Vinterberg) Dogma 2 “The Idiots” (Denmark 1998 dir. Lars von Triee) Dogma 4 “The king is Alive” (Denmark 2001 dir. Kristian Levring) Dogma 6 “Julien Donkey-Boy (USA 1999 dir. Harmony Korine.

The movement is now over as of 2005 but the filmmakers around the world that took part have moved on and keep ma hand held shots and documentary style films are more popular. One important thing dogme 95 taught us was that a go low budget, something that has inspired new and veteran filmmakers.

“Basically, I’m afraid of everything in life, except filmmaking.” – Lars von Trier

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26 Comments

Movements Every Movie Buff Should Know « Taste 26 Comments

http://www.tasteofcinema.com/2015/18-important-film-movements-eve

John Davidsson • not sure that there is a name for the

John Davidsson

John Davidsson • not sure that there is a name for the likes of Takashi

not sure that there is a name for the likes of Takashi Miike, Takeshi Kitano, Shin'ya Tsukamoto, Shion Fukasaku =) Japanese Extreme

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• •

ɹǝɥdsɐɾ Ɯǝʞ

•

I've seen a lot from this movement but I don't know how it is called. Miike and Sono, great dire

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Ivan Penchev

Miike and Sono, great dire • • Ivan Penche v • The Polish Film School is

The Polish Film School is also missing - Ashes and Diamonds, the Red, White and Blue Trilogy, The D Veronique, etc.

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• •

gustavomda

Blue Trilogy, The D Veronique, etc. • • gustavomda • Brazilian Cinema Novo, anyone? • •

Brazilian Cinema Novo, anyone?

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Chankya

•

Which movies would you recommend?

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gustavomda

•

Black God White Devil, Land in Anguish, The Turning Wind, Barren Lives, How Tasty W Frenchman, The Unscrupulous Ones, The Guns, Antonio das Mortes, Macunaima, The Maioria Absoluta, A Opinião Pública, The Heirs, Viramundo, All the Women in the Worl on ;)

• •

Mohamed Fawzy

the Women in the Worl on ;) • • Mohamed Fawz y • I know how

I know how controversial this is, but I believe 'Mumblecore' is worthy of a spot up there, not for its influ like paving the road for a new culture of cinema and filmmaking at the dawn of the digital revolution.

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Ivan Penchev

dawn of the digital revolution. • • Ivan Penche v • A m I the only

Am I the only one surprised the Czechoslovak New Wave isn't represented here? The Sun in a Net, L Shop on Main Street, Closely Watched Trains, Daisies, A Report on the Party and the Guests, The Fir Valerie and Her Week of Wonders, and Marketa Lazarova are just some of the many great films to co movement.

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• •

ofcourseyouforgot

great films to co movement. • • ofcourseyouforgot • Blaxploitation films, hello??? • • Dbakeca Italia

Blaxploitation films, hello???

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• •

Dbakeca Italia

Blaxploitation films, hello??? • • Dbakeca Italia • interesting articles • • Sourav Deb • 9

interesting articles

• •
• •

Sourav Deb

films, hello??? • • Dbakeca Italia • interesting articles • • Sourav Deb • 9 of

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