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Innovative Products for a Modern Pl anet

Vol. 17, No .7 July 1998 Cover Story Monitoring FENIA By Larry Van Horn A

Vol. 17, No .7

July 1998

Vol. 17, No .7 July 1998 Cover Story Monitoring FENIA By Larry Van Horn A major

Cover Story

Monitoring FENIA

By Larry Van Horn

A major reason for the existence

of federal government is for the pro-

tection a nd defense o f its citi zens-

and that includes defense from the natural disasters as well as against enemy nations. The Federal Emer- gency Management Agency is the

leadagencythatcoordinates response

and recovery efforts following any

catastrophic disaster o n U.S. soil.

and that includes restoring commu-

nications for the area hard hit

The first half of 1998 has already

seen ice. floods. fire. and ki llertor na-

does such as pictured on ourcover. The picture is a composite by John

Bailey of a storm cloud under a

weath er watch(court esy of Richard

Barnell) a nd an actual funnel cloud. caught by noted photographer War- ren Faidley (WeatherStock). To learn about FEMA's role in a crisis. and to tune in their frequ en-

cies. tum to page 8.

CONTENTS

c:1"~f' EnC"lIntf'T ~tlJ £I Jr

,i~tf'T••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

1~

1~ By Steve Douglass have see n I have lived in We st Te xas

By Steve Douglass

have see n

I have lived in We st Te xas nearly 30 years and

more than my sha re of storms. I' ve held in

my hands hai l the size of gra pefruit and felt winds so wild they cou ld tie a knot in a wind sock. but I never really ex perienced the pu re hum bling power. the amaz ing atmos phe ric es se nce of a deadly tornado until last sp ring ." Here is the story and a frequ ency list for sto rm spotting in the Texas Panh andl e.

Mother; Jugs, and Speed?

By Les Butler

The modern . urban ambulance sys tem is no

longer your " mom and pop" shoestring opera-

tio n. The Ame rica n Medical Response co mpa ny

serves four counties in Michigan -

the city of Detroit -

hospit al a nd pub lic safety age ncy com munica-

tions in all four countie s.

an d must inte rface with

including

18

all four countie s. an d must inte rface with including 18 Antf'nn£l~ ("T Emf'rgf'ncy

Antf'nn£l~("T Emf'rgf'ncy Opf'r£lti"n~••••••••••••••••••••••••• 22

22 ByJoseph Carr \Vhen the power is out over an entire region.

ByJoseph Carr

\Vhen the power is out over an entire region. you are often

depe ndent on mobil e or handheld radios 10 pull in news reports from

outside yo ur local region. T he effectiveness of you r antenna may

make all the difference betw een hearing the news and hearing nothing, T hese tricks of the hobby can be ap plied in all kind s of circ umstances

- why wai t for an emergency '?

REVIEWS:

In an MT news scoop. Larry Magne previe ws a

new edi tion oft he popular Grundig Yac ht Boy 400 -

a very reasonable price (p.SS). For reception when neither

Th e Professional Edit ion is a lot of fun at

J .o<; • •~
J .o<;
• •~

power nor batteries arc avail-

able . the Bayfle n radios come

thro ugh in a pinch (sec p.S5) . Th e C herokee single sideband CB is a pound of punch

in a pint-sized pac kage: se c p. 71. If intermod ' s yo ur

reception problem . PAR intermod filters pro vide a high qual ity so lution (p.86).

p. 71. If intermod ' s yo ur reception problem . PAR intermod filters pro vide

(lfi- ,

MaN/Ta RING TIMES

(ISSN, 08 8 9·53 41 ;

( PC IPN Sales Agree-

me nt # 12534921 is p ublished mo nth y by

Grove Enterprises, Inc .,

Brasstown , North

Corolina , USA.

Cop yright © 1998 . Period icals pos ta ge pa id at Brasstown , NC, and add itional mail ing

offic es . Short e xce rpt s

ma y b e

reprin ted

with appropriate credit. Complete articles

ma y not be re p rod uce d w itho ut permissio n.

Address:

P.O. Box 98, 7540

Highway 64 West,

Brasstown, NC 28902-

0098

Telephon e,

{8281837-9200

Fox:

{8281837-2216 (24 hours)

Internet Add ress: web: www.grove-ent.com

Editor ial e-mail:

Subscriptions:

or

e-mcil: mt@grove .nef

mfeditor@grove,net

order@grove,nel

Subscription Roles: 523.95 in US; 536 .50

Canado; and 555.45 foreign elsewhe re , US funds . lobel indicates lost issue of scbscrlp - tion. See pa ge 95 for subscription infonn ation.

Postmaster:

Send

P. O.

add ress cha nges to

Box

9 8, Brosstown,

Monitoring Time s,

NC 2 8902-0098 .

Disclaimer:

While Monitoring Times makes on effort to ensure the informa tion it publishes is ac cu · rate, it cannot be held lia ble for the contents . The reader assumes any risk for performing modification or construction p roj e cts pub - lishe d in Monitoring Time s. Op inion o r conclusions e xp ressed are no t necessa rily

the

Grove

Ente rp rises. Un so licit ed ma nuscripts a re accep ted. SASE if male rial is to be returned .

view

of

Mo nito ring

Times o r

Owners

Bob and Judy Grove

Publisher

Bob Grave , WBJHD

bg rove@g rove.net

Managing Editor

Rachel Baughn, KE40 PD

mted itor@g rove .net

Assista nt Editor

Lorry Von Horn, NSFPW

Art Dir ector

John Bailey Belinda McDonald, Assistant

Adve rt ising Svcs.

Be th Leinbach

{8281389-4007

beth@grove.net

Business Manager

Kelly Davis, KE4TAM kelly@grove.nel

DEPARTMENTS

Washington Whispers ,

4

On the Hom Bonds

,

,

70

Communications

6

Conlesting 101

s<:anning Report

26

AndMore!

71

Twisfer Search '98

,.,., Cherokee 's C8 Sideband HT

••

UtilityWorld

30

Antenna Topics

72

Hurricane Frequencies

 

TDR on a 8udget

Digital Digest

, Decoding Third ShihCyrillic

 

33

Experimenters Workshop Digilol Dolo Inlerface Revisited

74

Global Forum

English Lang

,. ,

SW Guide

,.,

,•

 

34

KIS Radio

,

••,

Survival Communications

 

76

M il'on Keynes, new WR TH HO

   

,

QSL Re port OSling in TV l and

 

38

39

Federa l Fi le

,. ,

,

,

,. ,

Executive Branch Trave ls

Plane Talk

,•

•.,

78

,. 80

Propogation Conditions

,•

•• ,

60

, The Role of a Flight 5eNice Stotion

,., .,

,.,.,

Snow Static!

WhoYs New

82

 

61

Review

85

Programming Sporlight Which Way VOA? Beginner's Corner

,

Mobile Emergency Preparedness

 

62

80yGen rodios s<:anning Equipment.

Coax stub; PAR Electronics fillers

86

Ask Bob

,.•,

•,

 

64

Mogne Tests

88

Listening to Your Remote Control Below SOO kHz ,• Closer to Geffing on the Air

 

6 6

Grundig Yacht Boy 400 PE Computers & Radio Fixing Win9SSystem Problems

90

America n Bandscan .•

•.•

67

Letters . "•.".", ." ." • ••" ••" ••" ." . "."" ., . ••. 92

DX Safely

 

Glossary of Tenns

,.,.,

,

" ,.,.,•

"

93

Outer limits

 

6 8

Stock Exchange ""

". " 94

96

Clandestine Internet N ews Service

 

Closing Comments ,.•" .•" .•,

""."".•,

EDITOR IAL STAFF

Storm Tracki ng - It could saveyour

Corres pond enc e to coIum ni~ts may lx: moiled c/ o Mon itor i ng

Times; any request for Q replyshould Include a n SASE.

lile

Fre quency

Manager

Go yle

Van Ho rn

frequen cy

Moni to rs

David Dotko, Mark J. Fine

Prog ram Manager

Jim Frimmel

goyle@grove .net

frimme l@stortexl.net

A merican Bondsc

o n

Doug Smith, W9W I w9wi@bellsou th.net

And Mo re!

Jock Elliott KB2GOM

Iigh tkeeper @sprintmoi l.com

Antenna Topics

W . Clem Small. KR6A

demsmol@bitterroot .nel

Beg inner ' s Co rne

r

T.J . Arey. WB2 GHA

tjorey@mosqu ito .com

Below 500

kHz ,

Kevin Co rey, W B2QMY

Iowbon d@gote woy .ne t

Compu ters

an d

Rad io

Jo hn Cc tclc no

L colola no@ca nknel .com

Digital Diges t

Bob Even s

.

re vons@!otal.nel

Exp erimente r'

s wk shp

Bill Cheek

bcheek@san .rr.com

Fed e ral File K.I.S. Radio .

J o hn Fu lford , WA4V PY JO HNF04 13@a ol.co m Richard Arland , K7SZ . k7s z@juno .net

Magn e

Iests

Hom

mits

Band

 

la wrence Ma gn e

 

On the

s

Ike Kerschne r, N 31K

Oute r li

Ge

o rg e Zelle r

Geo rge.Zeller@occlink.com

PCS Fro nt l ine

Do n Vee nemon d a n@dec ode .co m

Pla ne Tolk

Jeon

Boker , KIN9DD

 

Progra mming Spo

tlight

 

Jo hn

Figl iozz i, KC2BPU

johnfig@eorthlink.net

Pro pa gat ion

.

Ja

cq ues d 'Avign o n

mon itor @roc .ca

QSl Co roe r

.

Ga yle Va n Horn

gayle@grove .net

Sca nning

Equi pment

 

Bob Parness, AJ9S

Sca nning

Repo rt

 

Richa rd Barn ett .

SconMa ster @ool.com

SW

 

.

G lenn

Broa dcas ting Brcodcc st Lcq s

;

SW

Utility Wo rld Wo shington W hispe rs

Hau ser Van Hor n

ghau se r@hatmail. com go yle@gro ve .ne t

fmoi a @inte rnetMCl.com

. Hugh Stegma n, NV6 H dr iver8 @netcom.com

Fred Ma io, W5Y I

G oyle

N O TE : The G rove Enterpr ises i nterne t a ddr ess has c h a n g e d . To find all yo ur lc vc r ite pa

links from www .grove. net or try the new addre ss www.grove·e nt.co m to find the Moni toring Times

web pa ges.

ge s fo llow th e

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By Fred Maia, W5YI fmaia@inlerneIMCI.com

The FCC - Who they are and what they do

T he Fede ra l Cnnu nuntcatlo ns Cum mission

(FCC) is now th e prima ry age ncy imp acti ng the economy. funding a nd future of the Unlted

been

States. Ove r the paSII,:cIl IUI)'. our nation ha

lc uc rs. issue s broadcast licenses. perfor ms po licy

and rulcmak ing fun ction s. a mi ad m inis te rs the enforce ment program fo r all mass med ia vice s.

scr-

staff and vario us fiel d offices. informs and edu- cate s licensee s o f important o r new regulation s. It advises co nsu mers about measures they can tak e

to comba t fraud anti ot he r ille gal practices in the

transformed from an agri cultural to an industrial

 

M os t r ec ently . th e

 

s

M

edi a Bu rea u

fo r-

p

rovision of com mu nication se rvices. Its new

a

nd nnw. to the informat ion age . And it is the

ma lly l aid 11K' g rou ndwo rk for t he tran s ition t o

Em e rgen cy Al ert Sy ste m (E AS) rece ntly replaced

Fed eral Communications Co mmission that is man-

d

igi ta l. high defin ition tclc

vi

ion

by ado ptin g

:'1

the o ld e mergenc y broadcast sy stem (E BS).

agi

ng th is transform at ion . as it regu lates electric al

d

igita l b roaden

1

tele vision (DTV) standa rd. se r-

T he Complia nce Div isio n in vestig ates unli-

and elec tro-magne tic (,(1Il1111Un ic ai itillS

the trans-

vice po licies and rul es for DT V, and by award ing

censed o r u naut horized operation o f radio sta-

fe

r o f informa tion fro m one pla ce 10 anot he r.

a

seco nd ch an ucl to ea ch (If the 1.7()(llJ .S . telcvi -

ti

o ns , re so lves i nte r fe ren ce p rob le m s w h e re a p -

In the e arly 20 th ce ntury. j urisdiction o ver

sion broad casters.

propriate and pro vide s co m municatio ns assis-

w

ire and radio com munic ations was hand led by

Th e C m 11 I1l Un Ca r r ie r B u re a u h a s re spo n si -

tance to public sa fely and law e nfo rce me nt age n-

various age nc ies. incl ud ing the post office . rRa-

bi lity fo r FCC policies concerning ta riffed wire

c ies.

dio" includes any wir ele ss use of the radio s pec-

and radi o-ba -ed telephone compa nies tha i pro -

Th e Bure au ca rries o ut its p rog rams to serve

trum : " wi re" includes telephone and cable TV .)

vide

imcrsuuc telecommunication s se rv ices to

the pu blic a nd th e Co mm ission th rough 16distri ct

If soon 1~(,:;IIllCapparent tha t technological devel -

the pu blic. Th ese co mpanies. called co mmo n

offices . nin e res ide nt agent facilit ies, a toll -f ree

o pme nts and interfere nce ncce ssit atcd coo rdiua-

c urriers . pro vide voice . d ata . and oth er tra nsm is-

Nationa l Ca ll Ce nter ( 1·8S8-CA LL·FCC), and

tion by a si ngle fe d eral age ncy . Th e Communicu-

sio n se rvices . As the industr y ev olves from an

l-l remote ly contr ol led monitoring and radio d i-

tio

eral Communicat ions

ns Act. vigncd J une

19. I9 3-l. created th e Fed -

integrated monopoly to an

inte nse ly com petitive

rection-fin ding sites loc rued through ou tthe Unite d

Co mmission as an ind e-

ind ustry . th e FCC and the

Co m mon Carr ier Bu -

States .

pendent age ncy . It was cre ated by Co ng ress. a nd

reau str ive to adapt the Conuu unic ntions Act to a

Established in 1994. the Inte rn ational Hu -

us such. re port s direct ly to Congress. T he Com -

rapid ly c hang ing

industry .

 

r CI' lIdevelops. reco mmend s a nd adm inisters poli -

municutions Act

applie s to the 50

nuc

s. G uam.

The

Wireless

Telecmnm un ications Bu r ea u

cie s. stand ard s. procedu res and

pro gram s for the

Puert o Rico . the

Virgi n Islan d s and o the r island

I WT B ) over-e cs the u

e

o f radi o spectrum to

au

thorizat ion and regulation o fi

mematio nul tele-

U

.S . pos se ssio ns.

ful fill the comm unica tions needs of busi nesses.

co

mmunica tions facili tie s and services a nd the

fu nction o f the Comm iss ion is the

allocation of rad io freque ncies to non -gove rn-

me r uconuuunicanon s w rvices . Iiccn ving sta tion s

Th e major

loc al and state gove rnme nts. public safety se rvice

pro vid er s.

vidual s. In uddi tion to licensin g com me rcia l pro-

ircruf't

am i sh ip o perat ors. and indi-

licen sin g o f domes tic a nd i nte rnatio nal s ate ll ite

sy

also represen ts the Co mm is-

sio n in intern at ion al conference s involving tete -

tern s. The Burea u

and operators. anti regu lat ing interstate an d for -

vide rs of wir eless serv ices. \VTB mo nitors

the

com municatio ns matte rs .

e

ign wircline and radio com m unicat ion s. Radio

more rhun

tWtland a half m ill ion licensees thai

usc

Th e Ca ble Se rv ices Bure a u

wa s created in

o

pe rations o f the l-cdc ra l Government and till.'

pri va te wi rclc

s

radio. \VTB is re

ponsible

for ull

199 3 a nti ha s worked sinc e thai time o n iss ues

mi litary ar c 110t regulated hy the FCC. however.

A ll allocations o f radi o frequencies must he

within the framework of internat ion al agreements

Inte rnation al Tclcconunu nica -

tio

cstabli

hcd

by the

n Union (ITU) for the var iou s radi o

ervicex.

domestic wirelcs telcconuuunicutions program s.

e xcept tho se invol ving sate lli te communicat ion s. Th e pr incipal funcuon s o fWl' B includc evalu -

ating new technologies (with the O ffice of Eng i- neering and Tech no log y). asse ssing utilization

and o the r

m ult i-channel video pro gramm ing provide rs. Jn- creasi ng competition in the markets for the d eliv- er)' o f mult i-channel video programmi ng contin- ues 10 be a major obje ctive of the Cable Serv ice s

refuted to the cable tel evi sio n industry

T

he

lT V. now nearly 200 co untries stro ng. is a

le

ve ls o f the spectrum am i the competit ive ness of

 

specialized age ncy of the United Nat ions .

m

arke ts. identifying and a llocati ng spec trum up-

Bureau. T he O ffic e o f

E n ginee r ing

lind Tec hnology

Th e re arc fi ve FCC Co mmissio ners (pre vi-

p

roprintc

fo r

lice nsin g.

deve loping throu gh

is

respon sib le for managi ng the non-Government

ou

sly seve n) appointed by the Presiden t w hic h

rulc m aking the o perating

rules for rad io-basel!

use of th e spec trum. It

is the

FCC s tec hn ica l

m u st be con fi rmed b y th e Sena te . Th ei r five - year term s a rc s tagge red. No more th an th rce Co mmis-

s ioners can ~ ll1ellltx'r~ o f Ihe sallle politica l

in llt.'r~ are Chair-

pa rty . TIle CllITeJl[ FCCCnlllmi s

ma n Will ia m E. Kenn ard, Su san

;-.;cs~. Ham ill

services. assig n ing licenses th ro ugh co mpetitive bidd ing (a uct ion s). de veh Iping methodologies for

co nd ucting co mplex au ction s o f rad io spectrum,

ma inlai nin t! all ante nna structure rcg istnll ion pro -

gr

l it.·en'i ing p er s on al , am ateur an tll,,'o llll ller -

:

1111.

ad viso r o n e ng ineering

OET mak es recommendati ons to the Co mmi s-

sion o n how the radio spectrum

C~l1ed and e stab li she !> the t echn ical

t anda rds t o be

OET recelllly issued g uide-

fo

ma ile rs .

and

sc ie ntific

hould

be ullo-

llowed by use rs.

f

urc htJ;(){l -Rnth, lvlic hacl PtWi ell mlJ Gl or ia

t.' i~ d ra dio op er: lI o r s . and enfor c in g I h e

lines fore xp(lsur e hy the pub lic ttl radio frcquen cy

T

ri Sl:.ln i . T

h e C o m Tl1 is~ io nc rs s llp l,,' rv is e a

ll F CC

C

o m lll is

i o n ·

r u le s . T h e sp ectru m au ctio ll s r U1 1

activities. delegat ing n: spollsib iIit il's 1\) sta ff u nits

hy WTB 1\(I\,e alrea dy

ra isl,,' d

mor e

tha

n $ 20

rad iation . The FCC

curre ntly has approximatel y 1.750

and hUrl,,',llls.

hi

llion (or

Rec elll

Ihc U .S. trea su ry.

emp lo y ee s. I A5 0 of w holll wo rk OIl the

 

A

lkr a ma jor reorgan izal ion o f

th e

r:CC i n

WT B rulel1wking includes the authori -

COI1l111ission ' sdowlllown Wa shington, DC. he:'ld-

1995.

lhe age ncy now h

~six

hureau

and se

vera l

zatio n (If :1 ne w Dig iti.1 Aud io Rad in Se rvice

qU<lrters. About I(XI people work at the FC C' s

o

ffice s. The

six operating

hu n: mlS renee t six

(DA RS ). Ami WTB now pen11its domestic opc ra-

licen sin g faci lity in

Gettysb urg. Penn sy lv ani:l.

hroad d ivi sion s of Co mmiss ion responsih ililY.

ti(m of ret.·re:ltional

sh ip und aircraft rad i{lsta tio ns

and 200 are at v:'lrio us field o ffice s. Th e FCC s

 

The

~ l11SS Me dia

B ureau i s

the part o f tht:

\\

ilhout indi \ idual lice nses.

bu dg et is expected to

exceed $ 200

mi llion in

FCC tha i deals w ilh hrnadcasli ng

lIc1e \i sion and

Th e C u m pli:'lIlce IUld Info rm a tion Bureau

Iiscal year 1999 ! Today. mo st FCC

fundin g is

AM / FM radio ). a s wel l as M ulti po in t I ) istribut io n

( C IB ) ~IS S llres co mp l ia nc e w illl c tHl1m un i ca ti ons

pa id back to the U.S. treasury in the way of

Se

rvic e a nd Inst ructiollal Te le visiul\ Fi xed Sl' r-

law an d is the FCC' s primary po int o f t'tHltact

n:g uliltory fccs.

v ic e . T h e B ureau ~l.'isig ns fn :q u e n cies a n d c all

w it h th e p ubli C' . c m. throu g h it s h e adqua rt e rs

 

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A Hard Lesson - Come?

Seems to me Aesop had something to say about put ting all you r eggs in on e ba sk et

or

More to

all your communications systems on one re- pealer'!

W hen the Pan AmSat Galaxy 4 (G 4 ) geo- stationary com munication sate llite fail ed o n

May 19 it caused a huge communication

nigh tmare . Th e pu blic SOOI1 learned what a wi de variety o f d ome stic co mmunications s e r vice s \\ 'ere s erved by G ala x y -t o

ex perie nced an

initially

ano maly within its on-board spacecraft co n-

trol pro cessor (SC P). the pri mary sys te m re - spo nsib le for pointi ng th e spacec ra ft at earth.

But when the automatic switch to a hackup

unit fai led as we ll. th e sate llite began to

Th e sate llite

its fi xe d orien ta tio n . S ince cu s-

tom ers could no lo nger acce ss it. the co mmu- nicat io n package wa s sh ut down . T he Na tio na l Weather Se rvice lost its ubil-

ro tate. los ing

ity to se nd certain pro ducts (incl uded radar

mosaic and sate llite imag er y ) 10 the ir four

labora torie s . Eve n mor e c ritical .

all Air Rou te Traffic Con tro l Cent e rs lost their wea the r SCfViL'C net a nd had to revert to

maj or stor m

COMMUNICATIONS

a land line sys tem .

Th e list of communicatio n service s that suffered service d isruptions was ex tensive . So me of the TV service s affected includ e:

C

BS Radi o a nd Tele vision . C NN Airport

N

etwo rk . th e Ch in e se T V ne tw o rk .

Tclemundo/Telenoticias. UPN and \Varner

Broth ers T V ne tworks . and World Harv est TV/Radio. A large number of radio networks suf- fered o utage s and required relocation includ-

ing the Geo rgia . Illi nois, Io wa, Mich igan .

T ennesse e . West Virgi nia. \ Visco nsin News

Ne tworks ; the In-T ouch. Kan sas. and Minne-

so ta readin g ne two rks fo r the blind ; Agrinet:

the AP Radio Ne twork . Muza k Audio Ser-

NAS C AR' s Mot or Raci ng Ne twork:

n umero us gro ce ry/departme nt/specia lty in- store radi o networks ; S ports By line USA;

T al k A me rica Radio Ne twork ; Tri bu ne Rad io

Network; United Broadcasting and the USA Radi o Ne tworks. Maj or leagu e baseball radio netw ork s which had to re locate incl uded the At lanta Brave s. C a lifo rnia Angel s. Ch ica go C ubs and W hite Sox. C o lorado Rockies, Detroit Ti- ge rs. Mil waukee Brewer s, Seattle Mariners.

a nd T e xas Ran gers.

ices;

Oth er major service providers using Gal- ax)' 4 that re q uired relocatio n include d Accuw ea ther , most of the nati on wide pager compan ies (40-45 millio n page r ow ners lost

). seve ra l sa te llite int e rne t se rvice p ro-

vide rs. UPI and Re uters news ag encie s. a nd a numbe r of c red it and debit card verification net work s affec ting business es such as W a l- Mart . C he vro n Co rp. automa tic teller ma-

c hines and fast pay at the ga s pum p. E ven public safety agencies suffered com - m unica tio ns outag es. We we re surprised to di scover the Los Angeles Fi re Dep artment . Ne w Hamp shire S tale Police. an d San Frun-

c isco Poli ce and Fire De partmen ts communi-

cations were affected whe n Ga laxy4 spun o ut of control. At prcssttme mo st co mm unications ci r-

c uits are be ing re rout ed to othe r satellite sys -

tems . Ga laxy 4 ' s ow ne r. Pan AmSat. is in the

p ro ce s s o f m ovin g a s par e s a te lli te int o G <l I-

axy 4' s or bita l slot. Final word on the future

o f G alax y 4 had not been relea sed as we we nt

se rv ice

to press. Th e failure is made even mo re tro ubling by the fact o ur ga laxy of satellites has yet to run the m inefi eld of the Leo nid meteo r shower this fa ll and bombardm ent by lethal so lar

meteo r shower this fa ll and bombardm ent by lethal so lar July 4: Dillsburg,

July 4: Dillsburg, PA

nh arc.pgh.pa.us, 8a.m.-3p.m.;

Free admis-

J

uly 31 - Aug 2: Special E vent Station W9ZL

Firecracker Hamfest spo nsored by Harris- burg Radio Amateur Club at Monagahan Fire

sion and parking.

Th e Fox C ities ARC (Appleto n. WI) special event station from the EAA (Experimental Air-

July 31-Aug 2: Rock City, NY

Hall. 245 W . Siddonsburgh Rd, Dillsburg .

July 19:

S pecial Event Station

W2ZZJ

craft Association) Fly-In at Oshkosh, WI. SSB-

Talk-in 146.16176 MHz. Sa.rn

$4 general

Stra tford. NY - The Fulton Co unty Dr. Mahlon

HF operation in the Ge neral portio ns of the

admission. VE testing, indoo r airco nditioned

Loomi s Co mmittee co mmemora tes the 172nd

phone bands (8a m to 4pm daily). RTIY opera-

tables. tailgating. Contact 7 17-232-60 87 or

anniversary of the birth of Dr. Loom is. 1300-

tion mostly on 7085 and 14085. Cert ificate

fabinfo @fab ral.com or n3njb @juno.com .

2000

UTe on G ener al Cla ss p hon e portio n o f

offered for contacts with proper QSL s to Wayne

July II: Oak Creek, WI Sou th Milwa ukee ARC 29th Annu al Swapfest at the American Legion Post #434 at 9327 S. S hepard Ave . Cont act Rob ert Kaste lic WB9TIK, S MARC. P.O. Box 102, Sout h

75 . 40. and 20 meters. and on the Nov ice 10 meter phone band . Also on 2· meter FM re- peaters. For ce rtificate and literature. send QSL. contact #. and a # 10 SASE (55 ce nts) to:

George Sadlon W 2'lZJ. 5738 St Hwy 29A, Stratford. NY 13470.

Pennings, WD 9RJ . 9 13 N. Mason, Appleton. WI 54914.

Worldwide TV-FM DX Association (WfFDA) con venti o n. For det a il s email

Mil wauk ee, WI 53 172-0 102. Ta lk-in 146.52

dxfmtv @buffnet.netorw ritehost Dave Nieman

simplex. Free parkin g.

free ove rnight camp -

J uly 26: Timonium, M D

at 12284 Nice Rd, Akron. NY 14001- 9408.

ing. free beer and soda. 7a.m. - 2p.m.; admis-

Baltimore Radio Amateur and TV Socie ty

WTFDA ' s new club address is: P.O. Box 50 1.

sion $5.

(BRATS) ham and co mputer fest at Timonium

Some rsville, cr 06072.

July 12: No rth land (near Pittsbur gb) , PA "A real o ld-fashio ned hamfest!" by North Hills ARC at the Northland Pub lic Library .

300 C um be rland R oad ( 10 m i. no rth o f Pi tt s -

burgh). Co ntact Bob Ferre y, Jr.

Rosalind Rd. Pittsb urgh, PA 15237. (4 12)

N3DOK. 87 1

367 -23 93 .

IIJdo k @pgh .ll er;

hllp:1I

Fairg round s. York

Rd offl-695, 1-83. Free VE

exams; call 4 I0-467 -4634 to preregister. Talk- in 147.03+. 224.96, 448.325. Tail gatingfia.m.•

indoors 8a.m.; admission$5. Con tact BRATS.

PO B o x 59 15 . B alt im ore . MD 467-4634 voice or fax. www.srnart

2 1282, 4 10- netl-brats

or bratJ@Jmart.net

Aug 14-16: M issoula, MT International Radio Club of Am erica (l RCA) co nventio n. Location 4B' s Inn South. $25 reg- istration deadline Aug 3 to LarryGodwin , 2390 Clydes Dale Lan e, Missoula. MT 59804 . Email

lbg@selway.umt.ed/l or call 406- 721-5131

storms as our sun enters a poten tiall y record-

breaking cycle of activity. (Courtesy of the

Sate llite Times staff)

Hello? This is your Emergency Alert System •••

The digital Emergency Alert System now

auto matically activates warnin gs of floods, tornadoe s, etc. via televis ion and radio sta- tions in the affected area, but what if you are n't listening to rad io or television , and don't possess a weather alert radio?

A group which calls itself the Cellular

Emergency Alert System Associati on is lob- byi ng for the EAS warning system to be

extended to user s of wireless phones

as well.

The assoc iation says the tech nology

already

ex ists to send text mes sages to every phon e that is turned on or sitting in a charger .

Word to the Weatherman

Forecasters may be able to blame EI Nino for occ asional embarra ssments, but weather predic tion always has been a bit of a crap shoot. Experiments currently underway as

part of NASA' s New Millennium program

could com e to the weath erm an' s rescue in abo ut five years. Using the world' s only laser telescope with a holographi c optical element, David

GuerraatWesternMarylandCollegeis bounc-

ing reflected laser light into the atmosphere to detect wind speed and direction as well as

and concentrations of par-

clo ud bo undaries

ticles. According to the telescope ' s inventor, NASA engineer Geary Schwemmer. atmo - spheric winds dri ve the wea ther. "If we had a

bett er knowledge of wind s, that would gi ve us an improvement in weather forecasting,"

T he ultimate goa l is to mount the holographic

telescope in space for

tion and disaster preparation .

better weather predic -

"The Asteroid that Stopped the Lottery"

Don' t bet on this movie com ing out! The

Lotte ry Commission awarded a

$ 124,OOOcontract to ac ompany charged with devisi ng a plan to ensure immediate restora-

tion o f ga mbling ga mes in the event of such

a cat astrophic event as an earthquake or as- teroidcollision.O ne might wonderwho would be think ing abo ut gambling at such a time, but the co mmissio n point ed out that ga m- bling generates $ 1 million per day for the state.

O rego n

COMMUNICATIONS

A "Black Box" for cars

Living in the mountains of North Caro-

lina,

several fatal accidents that might have been prevented - the co llege student on his way horne whose car rolled do wn a mou ntain side and wa sn 't found until man y days late r; the

driver whose car too k a corner too fast at night and was found the ne xt mo rning upside down

I

can' t rid

myse lf of the

memory of

in the river

These are classic examples of

lives

that migh t have been saved , had they

been

fou nd in time.

"Over half the fatal crashes are single vehicles and the majo rity of them occur in a ru ra l e n v iro nme nt :' s ays Dr. Ri ca rdo

Martinez, headof the NationalHighwayTraf-

flc Sa fety Adm inistration . The

is

agency

working with the Calspan SVL Corporation

and o thers to deve lop an au tom ated co llis io n notificati on system which is currently bein g

tested in

According to the report , the electronic " black bo x," located under the back seat, is ac tivate d by a collisi on . Its signal is transmit- ted via the car ' s ce llular phone to a satellite and contai ns informat ion rega rding the loca- tion of the car. the severity of the crash. and even whether the car was hit in the front . side, or rear, or rolled over. The satellite alerts the appropriate 9 11 center wh ich is then able to

the dispatche r was injured.

The system is anticipated to cost the con-

sumer $200-300 and the technology may be

establish a phone channel so can di scover whet her anyone

Erie Count y. New York .

readil y available in as little as five years. However, the nation al netw ork is not. and many procedural que stions arej ust emerging.

Shortwave on NPR

Beginning in Augu st, many of yo u should be ab le to hea r a number of inte rnational

broadcasters o ver your local public radio sta- tions. For some time now the \Vorld Radio Netwo rk( WR N). which relay s some 20 inter- national broadca sters on satellite (see p.39), has been carried in the middle of the night on AM across Ca nada on CSC Overn ight. and more recentl y there have been similar ar- rangements in South Africa and Israel. No w NPR is planning on launchi ng a similar a ll-

night

service in cooperation wi th \VRN.

Business Covets Amateur Band

The Land Mob ile Co mmunications Coun -

c il (LMCC)petitioned the FCC for additional

com mercial spec trum by " immediate

real-

location of 420-430 MHz, paired with 440- 450 MHz, from Federaluse to PMRS [Private Mobile Radio Service ]." Petition RM-9267

was filed for public comment until June 1st.

The 440 band is currently used by radio

amateurs on a seco ndary basis with repeater

use in 440-450 MHz, and satellite links and

amateur television in 430 -440 MHz . The pri- mary allocation is to the federal gove rnment which uses it for telemetry. long-range sur- ve illance. carly warning systems, satellite tracki ng. etc.

" Communications" is wri tten by Rac hel Baughn based on news stories gleaned by the following reporters: Anonymous. NY; David

Alpert, NJ; George Appleton. NV; Robert

Brossell. WI; Kelly Davis. NC; Ed Diamond.

IN; David Dean. FL; Allan Henney. VA; Kevin Klein. WI ; Newtons at Fruitlands; Ira Paul. MI; Doug Robertson. CA; Brian Rogers. M I: Steven Rogovich . VA: Ed Sch wanz . IL; Walter Szczepaniak. PA: Richard Sklar. \V A: Robert Thomas. CT: Larry Van Horn, NC; George Wood. Satellite Times; CDT Policy Post and WSYI Report. We welcome news from your world of radio at MTh eadquartcrs or emailed to mteditor@grm·e.llct.

l]ffi([[[1]] o "BUILT UKE H BHTIUBHIP" • Heavy duty commercial recorder - NOT improvised lrom
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o
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150 Execut ive Park Blvd. 14600 San Francisco. GA94134

~ ~

Factory lJlrect Phone: (415) 468·2066 · Fax: (415) 468·2067 "Since 1971"

Th e EO V, assign ed to th e FEMA Mobile Emergency

Response Support (llIE RS)

an 82 foot long tractor/trailer weighing 92,OOIJ po onds. A

section of th e trail er sides ex pands to for m a work area capable of housing a 20-25 person Federal Response Team.

Th e remainder of th e

communication s cell /en, a reception area, and a small kitch en and bathroom. Th e tractor has two built-ill 40k W generators which provide self-contained power f or tile entire operation.

Detacbmen

ill Denton, Texas , is

trailer houses th e MERS operations aml

By Larry Van Horn, N5FPW

j" '~

 

protect our natio n' s c ritica l infrastruc-

Wh en di saster s trike s . F E

i\'1A i s the fir st

FESC supports Fede ral. State. and local re-

It can strike a nytime. a nyw here.

tur e from all types of hazard s throu gh a

spo nse effort s by pro vidi ng co mmunications

II takes man y forms-a hurricane, an

comprehensive. risk-based . em erg ency

of all kind s on the scene of a di saster. and is a

earthquake. a

tornado. a flood. a fire or a

man agement pro gram of miti gation.

link to the FEM A

National Emerg ency Man-

hazardous spill. an act of nat ure or an ac t of terr orism . It bu ilds o ver days or weeks. o r hits

preparedn ess. response a nd recov ery.

age ment System . Th e FESC co nsists of the Mob ile Emer-

sudde nly. wi thou t warn ing. Every yea r. mil-

agen cy to arri ve 011 sce ne and you cun monit or

ge ncy Response Support (MERS) detach -

lions of America ns face disaster

a nd its terri-

the ac tion on HF, VHF a nd U HF communica-

ment s. the Mobile Air Tr ansportable Te le-

fying co nsequences .

tio ns freq uencies.

co mmunications System (MATIS) , the 111-

The lead go vernme nt agency

that handles

formation Display Sy stem (ID S), and the por-

disasters in th is co untry is the Fede ral Emer- genc y Man agem ent Agen cy (FEMA ). It is a n independent age ncy o f the federa l gove rn- ment . reporting direct ly to the Preside nt. Since its fou ndi ng in 1979. FEMA's mission has

been clear :

To redu ce loss o f life a nd propert y and

• Federal Emergency Support Capa bility IFESC)

T he FESC is (he sys tem that pro vides emer-

gem:y management ; its task is to keep infor-

mat ion flowin g

when a federa l response is

requi red in any disaster or emergency. Th e

tab le. pr iva te a utoma tic

(PABX) sy stems from the National Netwo rk

Operations Center (NWOC). These FESC

resources may

package or as stand-a lone sys tems. We will

only discus s the MERS and MATI S system s in this articl e.

be deployed as a comple te

branch ex change

• FEMA Mobile Emergency Response Support

Th e MERS ca pability is the mobile cx ten - sian of the fixed FE MA switched network (FSN) an d is provided by five MERS detach-

ments locatedat Bothell, Washington;Denton,

T exas; Denver,Colorado ; Th omasville. Gear-

gia.and Maynard. Massachusetts. Each MERS

detachment has a transportable disas ter com-

munic ations system composed o f modular

eleme nts that can prov ide a Disaster Field

Office (DFO) with voice . facsimile. message.

an d d ata commun ication s ove r a varie ty of

media in both secure and clear message net-

work s; HF. VHF. UHF rad ios(See Ta blc I for

a co mplete listing ); microwave line-or-sight

tran sm ission sys tems ; Ku-b and sa tellitecom-

munications sy stems; and

se lf-contained

power generation and distribution systems.

• FEMA Mobile Air Transportable Telecommunications System

MATIS is an a ir mobile sys tem designed to provide communications for any e mer- gency requirement. MATIS communications ca pabilities inclu de voice a nd data landline, HFIVH FlUHF rad io . and a variety o fs atellite sys tems in the secure and cle ar modes .

o fs atellite sys tems in the secure and cle ar modes . J\JA TTS comm

J\JA TTS comm unications capabilities include voice and data landline, HFI VHF/UHF radio, and a variety of satellite systems ill the secure and clear modes.

March

1994

Utili ty

World column) . The

An integral part of M ATTS is the tele-

link .

FNA RS ne t co ntro l stations main tain a 24-

phone switchboard wh ich is ca pab le o f pro-

hour

watc h on the two nationwide ca lling

viding 4 8 trunks und a T-I link to 88 subsc rib-

channe ls (52 11 a nd 104 93 kH z). Th ese ne t

ers. M AITS can also pro vide voice , data. and

co ntrol stations also maintain a poo lo f contin-

video co mmunica tions whe n used in conjunc-

ge ncy ca llsigns e ral agencies in

for distribution to ot her Fed· support o f their operatio ns.

tion with its T- I via a Ku-band sate llite MAlTS is self-contained. pro vides its

own

FE MA's HF radio mod er niza tion program has been o ngoing a nd now includes the up-

grad ing of ma ny statio ns to add a utomatic link establishment (A LE) in compliance with

Federal Standa rd 1045 .

Tabl es I a nd 2 provide u complete profile of FE MA stations an d thei r Hlt. VHF. and

UHF freq uencies.

SHARES

SHAred RES ource s - Presidenti al Ex- ec utive Order 12472 es tahlished na tiona l policy guidance in SUpp0l1 of National Sec u- rity and Emerge ncy Preparedness (N S/EP ) objectives . Thi s gu ida nce manda ted that ac- tion be taken to ".; ensu re that a nation al telecommunications infrastruct ure is dc vel-

oped

Con sistent with the Executive Ord er. func- tion ally simi lar gove rnme nt telccornmunica-

tions networks were designed to inte rc ha nge traffic in support of nati onal leadership re-

quirements. Th e Nationa l Co mmunications Sy stem (NC S) was respon sibl e for the im ple- men tation o f thi s Exec utive O rder. A seg-

ment of (his effort addre ssed the sha ring

:'

of

fede rally

contro lled HF radio resources

to

estab lish

a robust na tional emerge ncy HF

communications infrastruct ure . Thi s evolved into the S HARES HF radi o prog ram (sec Ta ble 3 for frequenci es) . There are five objective s to the S HARES progra m:

Provide

pa rticipating

agencies

with

e x-

tend ed high frequ ency coverage a nd

en-

po wer source . a nd is air tran sportable o n ei- ther C-130 or C- 141 aircraft

• FEMA National Radio System fFNARS/

T he FNARS is the nat ion wid e HF rad io network that links FEMA Headquarters. the

region s, and State EOCs (Emergency O ffice of Com munication s). (See Table 1 for a co m-

approx ima tel y 75 of Harris IO-kilo-

watt tra nsmitters at the networ k co ntrol sta- tion s (Se e Table 2) and FEMA reg iona l facili- ties. and Harri s I-k ilowatt tran smitters at pri-

mary Sta te Eocs. The FNARS is the primary

HF network used to sponse and reco very

States an d oth er e mergency management ac - tivities invo lving Sta tes and the Federal Gov- ernment. Th is networ k a lso se rves as a back up network for (he FS N. FEMA also sponsors State Eoc sdesi ring to

part icipate in the Nation al Commun icat ion s System (NCSj SHA RES program (see the

coord inate disaster re- activit ies in the United

plete listing.) The sys tem. percen t co mplete, co nsists

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Table I . Federal Emergency Management Agency IFEMAJ Frequencies

FEMA NATIONAL RADIO SYS TEM fFNARSj HF FREQUENCIES Foxtrot 25 Poxtrot t 10194 0 2320.0
FEMA NATIONAL RADIO SYS TEM fFNARSj HF FREQUENCIES
Foxtrot 25
Poxtrot t
10194 0
2320.0
Foxlrol50
15708.0
FoXlrot 26
10493.0
Foxtrot 2
2360.0
Foxlrol49
15840.0
Foxtrot 27
10588.0
FoxtrOlJ
2327.0
Foxtrot 51
16201 .0
Foxtrot 31
10899 0
Foxtrol4
2445.0
Foxtrol52
162380
Foxtrot 32
11108 0
Foxtrot S
2658
0
FoxtrotS3
17519 0
Foxtrot 35
11545.0
FOXlrol 6
3341,0
Foxtrot S4
18483 0
Foxtrot 28
11
721. 0
Foxtrot 7
3379
0
Foxtrot 55
187440
Foxtrol29
11
80 1.0
Foxtrot 57
Foxtrot 8
33880
19969.0
Foxtrot 30
11957.0
Foxlrol9
4603.0
Fo xtrot
58
20027.0
rcnrot33
12129 0
Foxtrot 10
47800
Foxtrot 59
20063.0
Foxtrol34
122190
Foxtrot 11
5211.0
Foxtrot 56
20361.0
Foxlrot36
13446.0
Foxtrot 12
5378.0
Foxtrot 60
21866.0
Foxtrot 39
137800
Foxtrot 13
Foxtrol6 1
54020
219190
Foxtrot 38
138904
0
Foxtrot 14
5821.0
Foxtrot 62
229830
Foxtrot 37
13935
0
Foxt rOl15
5961.0
Foxtrol63
23028.0
Foxtrot 48
13956 0
Foxtrot t s
61).190
Foxtrol64
23390.0
Foxtrot at
14450.0
Foxtrot 17
Foxtrot 18
6106.0
Foxtrol65
23451.0
FoxtrOl40
14567.0
Fo xtrol 66
23550.0
610B.0
foxtrot 42
14776 0
Foxtr ot
19
6151.0
Foxlrol67
238140
Fo xtrot
43
14836.0
Foxtrot 20
6176
0
Foxtrot 68
24008,0
fo xt rot 47
14871.0
Foxl rol 21
6809.0
Foxtrot 69
24282.0
Foxtrot 22
Foxtrot44
14885.0
Fo:d rol 70
7348.0
24526.0
Foxtrot 45
14899 0
Foxtrot 23
7428.0
Foxtrot 71
24819.0
FOXlrot 46
14908.0
Foxtrot 24
9' 620
OTHER FEMA HF ASSIGNMENTS
2220.0
2258.0 2280.0 2317.5 2652.0 3206.5 3224.0 3342.5 40 18 5 4023 5 4031.5 4441,5 4598.5 4608.5 48835
4886.5
5303.5 5379.5 5935.0 6804.5 69965 7361.5 8051 .5 8161.5 9122.5 10871.5 11995.5 12250.5 13451.0
1631 5,5174 61.5 17481 5 17501.5 20414 0 20444.5 2044752 4060,0 241050 24135.0 24160,0 24191.0
VHFIUHF FEMA ASSIGNMENTS
138.225
Nahonwideprimary disaster response repeater (in 141.875)
138.575
Emergency Managemenl
Support Regions 518 repeater (in 141.950)
139.450 Emergency Management Support
Region 4 repea ter (i n 142.425 )
139.775
EmergencyManagement Support RegIon 4,'6 repea ter (in 143.4751
139.825
Emergency Managemenl Support Region 219 repeater (in 143.000)
139.925
Emergen cy
Management
Supp ort
RegIon2 r epeater ( i n 143.000)
139.950
Emergency
Management
Support
Regi on 6
repeater ( ttl 142.975)
EmergencyManagement
Support
Region3/ 10repealer
(in 143,250)
140.025
Emergency Management Support Region tn repeater (in 143.000)
140.900
Disaster Response Simplex Net Regions 1(1
140.925
Disaster ResponseSimplex Nel Regions5/8
141.725
Disast er
Response Simplex
Net
Nanonwid e
141.850
Emergency Manageme nt Support RegIOn 4;6 repeater (in 143.8501
141.875
Simplex/Repea ter
mputtc 138,225
141950
SimpleJ<:'Repeater mput to 138575
142.350 Emergency Management Support repea ler mput t o 142,975( Region 9 )JSimp'ex
142.375
DIsaster
Response Simplex Net
Regions 9/ 10
142,400
Disaster ResponseSimplexNet Region 4
142.425
Simplex/Repeater input t o 139.450
142.925
Disa st er Response Simplex Net Regions 2 and3
142.975
Simplex/Repeater input to 139,950
"3 .000
Simplex/Repeater
mout
tc 139.825. 139,925. and 140.025
143.050
DIsaster Response Simplex NetRegion 10
143.225
Mobiles
H 3.250
SimplexlRepeater input to 139.950
143.475
Simplex/Repeater input to 139.775
143.600
DIsaster Response Simplex NetRegion 1
143.625
Disaster Respon seSimplex
NetRegIon 6
"
3 850
Simplevaepeater mputto 141.850
164.8625
National Radio
System-Simplex(Channel 2 )
165.6625
National Radio System-Repeate r input l or 165 ,6625 (Channe l l)
National Radio System-Simplex and repeater output (in 164.8625)
1737 875
Nationwidelow power simplex
408.400
Nationwide low power simplex
417 600
Nat ionwide
low power simplex
417.700
Nationwidelow power simplex
418.050
Nationwidelow power simplex
418.075
Nancnwoe low power simplex
418.575
NaltOnwide10'0'1 power simplex

han ccd eme rge ncy

t

HF rad io com rnunica-

ions a t 11 0

a dde d c o s t.

Provide an e ndur ing backu p 10 vulnerable

leased telecom mu nicatio ns. Provide the flagword SHA RES to expe d ite iden tification and processing of em ergency Federal governme nt traffic .

S tanda rd ize message pre paration and pro-

ce dures to s im plify int e rage ncy han din g of NSfE P traffic .

Provide possible work-around 10 j ammi ng

b y p erm i ttin g in t erage ncy o p e ratio n o

located freq uen c ies identified for S HA R ES

usc. The last objective menti oned above is the

n

<1 1-

key to

the

S HA RES

pu n

ic. There are

no

S

HARES

frequen c ies

pe r

sc.

Eac h agen cy

subm its frequencies to

which they ' vill permit

the S HA RES poo l o n

SlfA RES o peratio ns.

Yo u c an recognize if a particula r go vern -

me nt HF freq ue ncy

purp ose by the sys tem flagwo rd : SHA RES . If

y ou h ea r S HA

i~ being

used

for

thi s

RES me nti o ned t hen yo u <I r e

dea ling w ith a S HA RES exercise or- operation

- no t the

yo u m ight be

la r gove rn me nt ag e ncy 0

no rmal d ay-to -day co m m unica tio ns

used to hear ing froIII that pani cu -

11 t ha t frequ e nc y .

Based

o n o ver-the-a ir intercepts. it no w

ap pears that three SHA RES o perationa l rcadi -

ness ex ercises a rc enda r yeilr. T hese

in M uy. Augu st and December. Other typ es o f

S HARE S tra in i ng e x erci ses <I r e believe d to h e

co nd ucted in Janu ary, May and Sept em be r (If eac h ye ar. T hese e xercises stre tch o ve r a two- da y period a nd run continuously during th e

exerc ise peri od . Past exe rcis es we re o nly con-

d uctcd d ur ing no rmal gove rnme nt work ing hou rs.

co nd ucted d uring

each cal-

have trad itio na lly occ urred

 

T

h e fo l lo wi n g i s a Ii ~t o f t he m e mber a gen-

c

ies

fo r the S HAR ES co m municat io ns sy~­

tern:

AT& T , Bcflcorc. C ivil Air Patro l. Dru g

Enfo rcem en t Administration, De fen se Lo-

gistics Agency. Defense Mapping Agency ,

Dep art men t of Energy, De pa rtmen t of Inte- rior . De partm en t of Ju stice , Dircc tor of M ili-

tary

Agency, Fede ra l Aviation Ad mini stration,

Federa l Bu rcau o f Investigation . Federal

Comm un ica t io ns Co m m ission , Fe de ral

Emergency Management Agency. vario us

state e me rgenc y ope ratio ns centers (EOCS l, American Red Cross. Federal Highway Ad-

m inistr ation , Immigration and Nat uraliza-

t i o n S ervice. M a rit i me A dm in is tr a tio n , i\'11 - TR E Corp. U.S. Mar ine Corps/Mo unta in Warfare T raining Ce nter, Na tio nal Aero-

na utics a nd Space Ad mi nistration, vario us

Arm y Nat ion al G uard un i ts. Natio na l Coor -

Support ,

Enviro nme nta l Prot ect ion

for Tel ecom, Nat iona l

Comm unicat ions System. Nat iona l Te le-

co mmun icatio ns and Information Adm in-

istra tio n. Office of Emergency Tranvpor - r ati o n. U. S. Air Forc e ~I A R S . A ir F or ce

Reserve , U.S . Army - Signa l Battal ion )/ 2nd

S C). U .S. Ar m y

C oa s t

U.S .Depa rt me nt

Navy , U.S. Nav y MARS. U.S. Transpor-

tati on

tion. -+4lh Mcd Brigade . Dep artmen t of He alth and Hum an Se rvice s, an d the Gen-

e ra l Se rvice s Adm inis tration .

dinau ng Ce nter

W A R46 ( 111 1th U,S. Ar my (GA l

rum

HlJ.

U .S.

Sc rvi ce.

U.S .

Mat e ri a l C o

.

Cu st o m s

Guard

o f Ag ricu lture.

Co mma nd. Vetera ns Administra-

NECN

Na tio na l Eme rge ncy Coordination Net

- Thi s ex e rcise has similar part icip a nts to the SHA RES exe rc ises. but the se exerc ises ha ve o nly been m onitored on FEt\ IA' s pri-

l.J3 k H z

using upper anti lo wer side band . Message

traffi c co ns ists of relays of ca llsign. agency

name. and loc al zip code.

No tmuch more is kno wn ab out the NECN

and any informa tio n thai readers Ilwy w ish

10 share is we lcom ed .

ma ry f requ en cies o f 521 1 and

1O

NTMSINTCN

T wo new acronyms that ute listeners may

ha ve nOI see n before arc NTt"IS ( Nati o nal Tel ecommu nicati o ns Mana ge ment Struc- tur e ) and NTC N (N at iona l Te lecom mu nica-

tion s Coordinating Netwo rk). T he first of these acronyms de sc ribes an orga nizat ion within the government and ind ustry Ihat is

respon sible fo r the COUfUr)" S

catio ns resou rces. T he NT MS team prov ide s

a co mpre hensive. survivable. and endur ing

managemen t ca pabil ity for initial ing. coor-

di nating . restoring a nd recons tit uting t he

tele com mun icatio ns networks ofthe United States.

telecommu ni-

Nationa l Tel ecommun ication s Co-

ordinati ng Netwo rk (;\TCN) is the primary tclecormuunicutions capability des ig ned to

suppo rt the o pera tio ns und functi ons oj"the

N TMS . T h~ N TCN p ro vi d es p h ysica l s up-

port for telecom muni catio ns management by ens uring at least the m inimum co rmcct iv-

ity for essentia l com mu nica tions.

T he NTC N re lics o n ex isting mult imedia

tele co mmunicat ion s sys tems and capabili-

ties that cun be rea d ily accessed to s upport the NT MS mission . HF radios deployed by the NT MS program office se rve in if co ntin-

genc y r ole a s a mea ns o f c o rnr nu n !c

ui on s if

o the r sys tems or net work segments arc di s- rupted or unacce ssible ,

The

FEDERAL EME RGENCY MANAGEMENT AGE NCY

REGIONAL BOUND ARIES W ITHIN THE CONTERM INOUS UNITED STATES

REGIONAL BOUND ARIES W ITHIN THE CONTERM INOUS UNITED STATES a • TKl " fOIO '

a

TKl

" fOIO ' l Df llAl.

flClllAl. Cf N11 R

C fflC (

OfflCf.$ " f OlOu

.I. Cf.toll" l

~

~

.,

Table 2: FEMA Station Information

StationsWGY900·WGV9f9 are used by FEMA oncesandle\llonallleadlluarters suncnsWGY920·WGY998 arestaneoby state-level andiocarcnces

Region

Heodquorten

Colls;gn

wGY 9(l()

Loco tion FEMAOpera tions/ECC .

Wern ing and Suppa1 Division. 7620 1

W GY975 District 6 :

l Olu in J ,M L (Ml EOC) Federo Regional Center, BOO N loop 2 , Dcnlon, TX

 

f EMA Heodquorters, 500 C St .

WGY906

WGY926

Denlon, TX 12nd ollemole N CSI IFEMA I

N W , Woshington, 0 C

Oklohomo. City, OK(OK fOCI

 

WGY936

Sonia Fe, NM INM EOC)

WGY946

Beton

Rouge. LA (LA EOCI

JW . McCormick Posl oHice ond Court House, 4th

WGY956

Auslin, TX(TX EOCI

Floor, Bo~Ion. MA 20

109

W GY966

C onway , AR (All: EOCI

Maynard, MA (FEMAJ

 

W GY9B6

Olney, MD If EMA)

Concord, NH(NH EOC)

District 7:

Old FederalOffice 8lJild"'g,9 11 Wolnut St , Kcosc s

Montpel,er , VT j vr EOC ) IWotemlJry)

City. M0 64106

 

ME (Mf f OCI

 

W GY907

Kcnscs Ci ty , MoO (fEMAI

Hortford,

a

(0

f OC)

WGY947

De~ /II'ooines, IA llA EOCI

Far mingloo, MA (MAEOC)

 

WGY957

lincoln, NEINE EOCI

Pfovid.-n<e . RI(RI EOCI

WGY'ln

,lefler Klfl C ity, NO (t.\O roc)

2 6 Federal

P1 o : a , !"Jeow Yo<k, NY

10 287

WGY997

Topeko, KS (KS

roc l

New Yoo , NY

IFEMA)

 

District 8:

Denver F~oI Centet. 8uikJ,ng 7, Denvel'. CO

St, Thoma~.VI (VI EOCI Albany, NY(NY EOC)

 

WGY908

802 25 Denver, CO (1~toltetnote NCS){FEMA}

North Trenton, NJ(NJ EOC)

WGY928

Pierre, SO(SOEOCI

Son Juun, PII: (PR EOCI

WGY938

Cheyenne, 'NY (WYf OCI

C U r1 I~ Bldg , 7th

Floor , Si~th cod

Wal nul5 1 ,

W

GY9.t8

Bismark . N O ( N O E OC )

Philadelphio,

PA 19 106

W GY958

WGY968

Heleno. MY (MTEOCI

PI'IIlodelph,o.

PA (FEMAI Olney. MD (Primory N~

Golden. CO ICO EOCI

Conlrol Stcrion 0< NCSj

 

WGY998

Soil to ke C, ty, UT (UT f OCI

Harrisburg, PA(PA EOCI Pikewille. MO11.'10 EOC)

Chorle~Ion,wv jwv EOCI

DeIoworeCity. DE(DEf OCI Richmond, VA(VA EOC) Emmihburg, MD W Olhington, D,C. llorton , VA)

WoJ, "'glon,D,C. 137 \ Peccl ereeSt, N E" Suite 700. Atlonla, GA

30309

ThomasYllle, GA (3rd alternate r-.K:SUFEMAI

Di~trict 9:

WGY9Q9

WGY929

WGY939

WGY949

W GY959

WGY969

WGY999

District 10:

WGY910

W GY920

WGY930

WGY94Q

WGY950

WGY960

WGY970

WGY91I

WGY912

WGY9 13 WGY9 ! A

WGY915

W GY916

WGY917

WGY9 18

WGY919

2 11 Moin

Froncisco, CA 94 129 Son Frooc;;sco, CA IFEMA) $on to Rosa, CA COfKlfl City, NY (NY EOCI Sacromento, CA (CA EOCI Phoeni!t, Al. (AI EOC)

Honolul u, HI

Borrigodo, Guam lGuam EOC)

American Samoa(EOCI

Federal Regionol Cenler, Bothell. WA 980 11

SI . Room 220 , a.",lding205 . Son

(HI EOC )

8oIhell,

WA (FEMA)

Boise. 10 (10 EOC I

~ia ,WA rN A EOCI

So . O RlOR EOC) MEII:S Bolhell, WA (FEJMI

Scldctoo, AK

Jcncou, AI((AI( EOC) MERS Moyncrd, MA Berryvi lle. VA (Winche~rer , VA)

W; nc~

, VA

MfR 5 Thomasvi lle , GA

No tional Commtln icution~ Sy~em , M iogton , VA

(May use FI. Myer- 0< Worrenton/Remi"9'O" lociliti~1

MERS Denton , TX

Berryville, VA MEII:S Denver, CO FEMA, Unknown

Dislrict I :

W GY901

WGY92 1

W GY931

WGY9 .t 1

WGY951

WGY961

WGY971

Dj,triet 2 :

WG"902

WG"93 2

WGY9.t2

WGY982

WGY992

~ triet 3 :

D

i

WG" 90J

WG V923

WGY9JJ

WGY9.t3

WGY95J

WGY96J

WGY973

WGY983

WGY993

District4:

WGY904

W

GY9 14

Bolboo Heights. Canol Zone

WG Y92 4

Nau.Y ille , TN I TN E OCI (W II'c he~terl

WGY934

Columbio. SC ISC EOCI

WGY944

Atlonlo, GA (GA EOC)

WGY954

Monlgorn"ry, At tAL EOC)

WGY964

Jackmn, MS(MS EOCl

WGY974

TolluhmloCe, Fl (Fl EOC)

WGY984

RoleiL

NC

(NC EOCI

W

GY99 4

. KY (KY f OCI

District 5 :

300 S W a ~ er 51., 2 4th F loor , C hicogo , 1160606

WGY905

Bortle Cr~ .MlI Ath

oIterno!f:' NCSI ( FEMAj

WGY925

MotJiKlfl. VII (WI EOC)

WGY9J 5

51 Poul. MN

IMN EOCI

WGY945

Columbus. OH (00 EOCI

WGY955

Springfield, It III f OC)

WGY965

rndiooopcle. IN (IN EOC)

Canyo n Three,

where the mu d is

flowing . Plw to by Dave Gatley.

FEMrl comm unity relations worker

consoles disaster

victim ill Rio Nido.

,-, CA.

Participants in the NT MS/NTCN

in clud e s ix Fe de ra l re g i onal ce n te rs

sys te m

a nd 4~

ind ustry o perati ng cen ters scattered throug h-

ou t the U.S . Fo rty- two lI F radio fre q uenci es

have been dedica ted to the NTCN a nd an

automa tic link es tablis hme nt (A I. E) system is used by the NTCN using the Harri s RF-3 200l :

radio sys tem . FEt\.1A. FCC a nd NCS ( KN'" callsigns r have been the o nly participants noted during NTCN exercises to date. Frequ enci es moni-

to red during NTCN exercises Include 5211 .0.

1049 .3 .0 k l-lz a nd fre q ue nc ies not ed below

w

ith the NC design ato rs. M ajor part icipan ts know n to be part o f the

N

TCN

sys te m

i ncl u d e :

Arneritech, AT& T. Bel l Atlantic. Bellcore.

GE. GT E. Hughes. McCaw. MCI. NYNEX ,

Pac Bell , PT!. S print. Bell'South . Southwest-

em Bell. US West. GS A. FCC. and FE:'I A.

Possible NTCN activi ty has been mo ni- tored on the fo llowing H F frequ encies : 22XJ

230223532 3824458452245 3846 184623 6765 678 1 6845 7320 905 1 9054 9064 9067 9070 9276 11428 11432 11448 11474

15989

18938 18946 22864 22867 25344 25347

27550

13 S0 0 13804 13854 15613 15642

Kn own

des ign ato rs (NC) /frl,.·q llr:ncie~ for

the NTCN

incl ude :

NC02

4458.0

NC04

Unknown

NClO or NC12

9052.0

NC11

Unknown