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CAPE Unit One Examination 2011

2

Question 1

(a)

(b)

(c)

Without using calculators, find the exact value of

(i)

(ii)

75 + 12 2 75 12 2

27 1/4 × 9 3/8 × 81 1/8 .

[3]

[3]

The diagram below, not drawn to scale, represents a segment of the graph of the function

f ( x) = x 3 + mx 2 + nx + p

where m, n and p are constants.

f ( x)

(0 , 4) Q 0 1 2
(0 , 4)
Q
0
1
2

Find

(i)

(ii)

the value of p

the values of m and n

x

(iii) the x-coordinate of the point Q.

[2]

[4]

[2]

(i) By substituting y = log 2 x, or otherwise, solve for x, the equation

 

log 2 x = log 2 x.

[6]

(ii)

Solve, for real values of x, the inequality

x 2 − | x| − 12 < 0 .

[5]

3

Question 2

(a)

The quadratic equation x 2 px + 24 = 0 , p R , has roots α and β.

 

(i)

Express in terms of p,

 

a) α + β

[1]

b) α 2 + β 2 .

[4]

 

(ii)

Given that α 2 + β 2 = 33 , find the possible values of p.

[3]

(b)

The function f ( x) has the property that

 
 

f (2 x + 3) = 2 f ( x) + 3 ,

x R .

 

If f (0) = 6 , find the value of

(i)

f (3)

[4]

(ii)

f (9)

[2]

(iii)

f ( 3) .

[3]

(c)

Prove that the product of two consecutive integers k and k + 1 is an

even integer.

 

[2]

(d)

Prove, by mathematical induction, that n ( n 2 + 5) is divisible by 6 for

all positive integer n.

[6]

4

Question 3

(a)

(i)

Let a = a 1 i + a 2 j and b = b 1 i + b 2 j with |a | = 13 and | b | = 10 .

 

Find the value of (a + b ) · ( a b )

[5]

 

(ii)

If 2 b a = 11 i , determine the possible values of a and b .

[5]

(b) The line L has equation x y + 1 = 0 and the circle C has equation

x 2 + y 2 2 y 15

= 0 .

(i)

Show that L passes through the centre of C.

[2]

(ii)

If L intersects C at P and Q, determine the coordinates of P and

Q.

[3]

(iii)

Find the constants a, b and c such that x = b + a cos θ and y =

c + a sin θ are parametric equations (in parameter θ ) of C.

[3]

(iv)

Another circle C 2 , with the same radius as C, touches L at the

centre of C. Find the possible equations of C 2 .

[7]

5

Question 4

(a)

(b)

By using x = cos 2 θ, or otherwise, find all values of the angle θ such that

8 cos 4 θ 10 cos 2 θ + 3 = 0 ,

0 θ π.

[6]

The diagram below, not drawn to scale, shows a rectangle P QRS with sides 6 cm and 8 cm inscribed in another rectangle ABCD.

A Q B P R θ C D S 6 cm 8 cm
A
Q B
P
R
θ
C
D S
6 cm
8 cm

(i) The angle that SR makes with DC is θ. Find in terms of θ, the

length of the side BC.

(ii)

Find the value of θ if | BC | = 7 cm.

(iii)

Is 15 cm a possible value for | BC | ? Give a reason.

(c)

(i) Show that

1 cos 2 θ = tan θ. sin 2 θ

(ii)

Hence, show that 1 cos 4 θ

a)

b)

sin 4 θ 1 cos 6 θ sin 6 θ

=

=

tan 2 θ

tan 3 θ.

(iii)

Using the results in (c) (i) and (ii) above, evaluate

n

r =1

(tan sin 2 + cos 2 )

where n is a positive integer.

[2]

[5]

[2]

[3]

[3]

[2]

[2]

6

Question 5

(a) Find lim

x

→− 2

x 2 + 5 x + 6

x 2 x 6

.

(b)

The function f on R is defined by

f ( x) = x bx 2 + + 1 1

Determine

if x 2 if x < 2 .

[4]

(c)

(i) f (2)

(ii)

lim + f ( x)

x

2

(iii)

(iv) the value of b such that f is continuous at x = 2 .

lim f ( x) in terms of the constant b

x

2

[2]

[2]

[2]

[4]

The curve y = px 3 + qx 2 + 3 x + 2 passes through the point T (1 , 2) and

its gradient at T is 7 . The line x = 1 cuts the x-axis at M, and the normal to the curve at T cuts the x-axis at N.

Find

(i)

the values of the constants p and q.

[6]

(ii) the equation of the normal to the curve at T

[3]

(iii)

the length of MN.

[2]

7

Question 6

(a) The diagram below, not drawn to scale, is a sketch of the section of the function f ( x) = x ( x 2 12) which passes through the origin O. A and B are stationary points on the curve.

y A f ( x) = x( x 2 − 12) x O B Find
y
A
f ( x) = x( x 2 − 12)
x
O
B
Find
(i) the coordinates of each of the stationary points A and B

[8]

(ii) the equation of the normal to the curve f ( x) = x ( x 2 12) at the

origin, O.

(iii) the area between the curve and the positive x-axis.

(b) (i) Use the result

a

0

f ( x) dx = a f ( a x) dx,

0

a > 0 ,

to show

that π x sin xdx = π (π x) sin xdx.

0

0

(ii) Hence, show that

a) π x sin xdx = π π sin xdx + π x sin xdx

0

0

0

b)

π x sin xdx = π.

0

[2]

[6]

[2]

[2]

[5]

8

CAPE Unit One Examination 2010

10

Question 1

(a)

Find the values of the constant p such that (x p ) is a factor of

 

f ( x) = 4 x 3 (3 p + 2)x 2 p 2 1 x + 3 .

 

[5]

(b)

Solve for x and y , the simultaneous equations

 

log(x 1) + 2 log y

=

2 log 3

 

log x +

log y =

log 6 .

 

[8]

(c)

Solve, for x R , the inequality

 
 

5 > 0 .

 

2 x 3 x + 1

 

[5]

(d)

By putting y = 2 x , or otherwise, solve

 

4 x 3 2 x +1 + 8 = 0 .

 

[7]

11

Question 2

(a)

(i) Use the fact that S n =

n

r = 1 2 n ( n + 1) to express S 2n =

(ii)

r

=1

in terms of n.

Find constants p, q such that

S 2n S n = pn 2 + qn.

(iii)

Hence, or otherwise, find n such that

S 2n S n = 260 .

2n

r

r

=1

[2]

[5]

[5]

(b) The diagram below (not drawn to scale) shows the graph of y = x 2 (3 x). The coordinates of P and Q are (2 , 4) and (3 , 0) respectively.

y P Q O 3 x 1 2
y
P
Q
O
3
x
1 2

(i)

Write down the solution set of the inequality x 2 (3 x) 0. [4]

(ii)

Given that the equation x 2 (3 x) = k has three real roots for x,

write down the possible values of k .

[3]

(iii)

The functions f and g are defined as follows:

f : x x 2 (3 x) , for 0 < x < 2

g : x x 2 (3 x) , for 0 < x < 3

By using (b) (ii) above, or otherwise, show that

a) f has an inverse,

b) g does NOT have an inverse.

[6]

12

Question 3

(a)

The vectors p and q are given by

 
 

p =

6 i + 4 j

q = 8 i 9 j .

 
 

(i)

Calculate, in degrees, the angle between p and q .

[5]

(ii)

a) Find a non-zero v such that p · v = 0 .

 

b) State the relationship between p and v .

[5]

(b)

The circle C 1 has ( 3 , 4) and (1 , 2) as endpoints of a diameter.

 

(i)

Show that the equation of C 1 is x 2 + y 2 + 2 x 6 y + 5 = 0 .

[6]

(ii)

The circle C 2 has equation x 2 + y 2 + x 5 y = 0. Calculate the

coordinates of the points of intersection of C 1 and C 2 .

[9]

13

Question 4

(a)

(i)

Solve

the equation cos 3A = 0 .5 for 0 A π .

[4]

(ii)

Show

that cos 3 A = 4 cos 3 A 3 cos A.

[6]

(iii) The THREE roots of the equation 4p 3 3 p 0 .5 = 0 all lie between

1 and 1. Use the results in (a) (i) and (ii) to find these roots.[4]

(b) The following diagram, not drawn to scale, represents a painting of height h metres, that is fastened to a vertical wall at a height d metres

above and x metres away from the level of an observer, O .

O

α β x m
α
β
x m

Painting

h m

the level of an observer, O . O α β x m Painting h m d
d m
d
m
level of an observer, O . O α β x m Painting h m d m

The viewing angle of the painting is (α β ), where α and β are respec- tively the angles of inclination, in radians, from the level of the observer

to the top and base of the painting.

(i) Show that

tan(α β ) =

hx x 2 + d (d + h) .

[6]

(ii)

The viewing angle of the painting, (α β ), is at a maximum when

x = d (d + h) . Calculate the maximum viewing angle, in radians,

when d = 3 h.

[5]

14

Question 5

(a) Find

(i) lim

x

3

(ii) lim

x

0

x

2

9

x 3 27 tan x 5 x

sin 2 x 4

x .

[4]

[5]

(b)

(c)

The function f on R is defined by

f ( x) = 3 x 7 if x > 4

1 + 2 x if x 4 .

(i)

Find

a)

x

b)

lim + f ( x)

4

lim f (x) .

x

4

(ii) Deduce that f ( x) is discontinuous at x = 4.

[2]

[2]

[2]

(i) Evaluate

1

1 x

x 2

1

dx.

[6]

(ii)

Use the substitution u = x 2 + 4, or otherwise, find x x 2 + 4 dx.

[4]

15

Question 6

(a)

(b)

(c)

Differentiate with respect to x

(i)

(ii)

y = sin(3 x + 2) + tan 5x

y = x 2 + 1 .

x 3 1

[3]

[4]

The function f ( x) satisfies 4 f ( x) dx = 7 .

1

(i)

(ii)

Find 4 [3 f ( x) + 4] dx.

1

[4]

3

Using the substitution u = x + 1, evaluate 2 f ( x + 1) dx. [4]

0

In the diagram below (not drawn to scale), the line x + y = 2 inter-

sects the curve y = x 2 at the points P and Q.

y y = x 2 P x + y = 2 Q O
y
y = x 2
P
x + y = 2
Q
O

x

(i)

Find the coordinates of the points P and Q.

[5]

(ii)

Calculate the area of the shaded portion of the diagram b ounded

by the curve and the straight line.

[5]

16

CAPE Unit One Examination 2009

18

Question 1

(a)

Without using tables or a calculator, simplify 28 + 343 in the

form k 7 where k is an integer.

[5]

(b)

Let x and y be positive real numbers such that x = y.

4

4

(i)

Simplify x x y y .

[6]

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, show that

( y + 1) 4 y 4 = (y + 1) 3 + (y + 1) 2 y + (y + 1)y 2 + y 3 .

 

[4]

 

(iii)

Deduce that (y + 1) 4 y 4 < 4(y + 1) 3 .

[2]

(c)

Solve the equation log 4 x = 1 + log 2 2 x, x > 0 .

[8]

19

Question 2

(a)

(b)

The roots of the quadratic equation 2x 2 + 4 x + 5 = 0 are α and β.

Without solving the equation, find the quadratic equation whose

2

2

roots are α and β .

[6]

The coach of an athletic club trains six athletes u, v, w, x, y and z , in

this training camp. He makes an assignment, f , of athletes u, v, w, x, y and z to physical trainers 1 , 2 , 3 and 4 according to the diagram below

in which

A = {u, v, w, x, y, z } and B = { 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 } .

f

A B u 1 v 2 w x 3 y z 4
A
B
u
1
v
2
w
x
3
y
z
4

(i)

Express f as a set of ordered pairs.

[4]

(ii)

a) State TWO reasons why f is NOT a function.

[2]

b) Hence, with MINIMUM changes to f , construct a function

g : A B as a set of ordered pairs.

[4]

c) Determine how many different functions are possible for g in

(c)

(ii) b) above.

The function f on R , is defined by

Find the value of

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

f [f (20)] f [f (8)] f [f (3)].

f ( x) = x 3 if x 3

if x > 3

x

4

[2]

[3]

[2]

[2]

20

Question 3

(a)

The circle C has equation

 
 

( x 3) 2 + (y 4) 2 = 25 .

 

(i)

State the radius and the coordinates of the centre of C .

[3]

(ii)

Find the equation of the tangent at the point (6, 8) on C .

[4]

(iii) Find the coordinates of the points of intersection of C with the

 

straight line y = 2 x + 3.

[7]

(b)

The points P and Q have position vectors, relative to the origin O , given respectively by

p = i + 6 j and q

=

3 i + 8 j .

(i)

a) Calculate, in degrees, the size of the angle, θ, between p and

q .

[5]

b) Hence, calculate the area of triangle P OQ.

[2]

(ii)

Find, in terms of i and j , the position vector of

a) M , where M

is the mid-point of P Q.

[2]

b) R , where R is such that P QRO , labelled clockwise, forms a

parallelogram.

[3]

21

Question 4

(a)

The diagram below, which is not drawn to scale, shows a quadri- lateral ABCD in which BC = 9 cm, AD = x cm, AB = 4 cm and

BAD = BCD = θ and CDA is a right-angle.

C

A 4 cm θ B x cm 9 cm θ D
A
4 cm
θ
B
x cm
9 cm
θ
D

(i)

Show that x = 4 cos θ + 9 sin θ.

[4]

(ii)

By expressing x in the form r cos( θ α ), where r is positive and

(b)

1

0 α < 2 π, find the maximum possible value of x.

[6]

Given that A and B are acute angles such that sin A = 3 and cos B = 13 , find, without using tables or calculators, the EXACT value of

5

5

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

sin( A + B ) cos(A B ) cos 2 A.

[3]

[3]

[2]

(c) Prove that

tan x + π = sec x + tan x.

2

4

[7]

22

Question 5

(a) Find

lim

x

2

x 3 8

x 2 6 x + 8

(b)

The function f on R , is defined by

f ( x) = 3 x if x 1 1 + x if x < 1 .

(i) Sketch the graph of f ( x) for the domain 1 x 2 .

(ii) Find

a)

b)

lim + f ( x) lim f (x) .

x

x

1

1

(iii) Deduce that f ( x) is continuous at x = 1.

[5]

[2]

[2]

[2]

[3]

(c)

(d)

Differentiate from first principles, with respect to x, the function y =

[6]

1

x

2 .

The function f ( x) is such that f ( x) = 3 x 2 +6 x + k where k is a constant.

Given that f (0) = 6 and f (1) = 3 , find the value of f ( x).

[5]

23

Question 6

(a)

Given that y = sin 2 x + cos 2 x, show that

d 2 y

dx 2

+ 4 y = 0 .

(b) Given that

a

0

( x + 1) dx = 3 a ( x 1) dx, a > 0 ,

0

find the value of the constant a.

[6]

[6]

(c)

The diagram below (not drawn to scale) represents a piece of thin

cardboard 16 cm by 10 cm. Shaded squares, each of side x cm, are removed from each corner. The remainder is folded to form a tray.

from each corner. The remainder is folded to form a tray. x x 16 cm 10

x

from each corner. The remainder is folded to form a tray. x x 16 cm 10

x

each corner. The remainder is folded to form a tray. x x 16 cm 10 cm
each corner. The remainder is folded to form a tray. x x 16 cm 10 cm

16 cm

10 cm

(i) Show that the volume, V cm 3 , of the tray is given by

V = 4 x 3 13 x 2 + 40 x .

(ii) Hence, find the possible value of x such that V is a maximum. [8]

24

CAPE Unit One Examination 2008

26

Question 1

(a)

(b)

(c)

The roots of the cubic equation x 3 + 3 px 2 + qx + r = 0 are 1 , 1 and

3. Find the values of the real constants p, q and r.

[7]

Without using tables or calculators, show that

(i)

(ii)

6 + 2 6 2

6 + 2 2 + 6 2

6 + 2

6

= 2 + 3

(i) Show that

= 4.

n

r =1

1

r ( r + 1) = 3 n( n + 1)(n + 2), n N .

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, evaluate

50

r =31

r ( r + 1) .

[5]

[5]

[5]

[3]

27

Question 2

(a) The roots of the quadratic equation

2 x 2 + 4 x + 5 = 0

are α and β.

Without solving the equation,

 

(i)

write down

the

values of α + β and αβ

[2]

(ii)

calculate

 

a) α 2 + β 2

[2]

b) α 3 + β 3

[4]

 

(iii)

find the equation whose roots are α 3 and β 3 .

[4]

(b)

(i) Solve for x the equation x 1/3 4 x 1/3 = 3 .

[5]

(ii)

Find x such that log 5 ( x + 3) + log 5 ( x 1) = 1.

[5]

(iii)

Without the use of calculators or tables, evaluate

log 10 1

2 +log 10 3 +log 10 4 + · · · +log 10 8

2

3

9 +log 10

10 .

9

[3]

28

Question 3

(a) The lines y = 3 x + 4 and 4 y = 3 x + 5 are inclined at angles α and β respectively to the x-axis.

(i) State the value of tan α and tan β .

[2]

(ii) Without using tables or calculators, find the tangent of the

(b)

(c)

 

angle between the two lines.

[4]

(i) Prove that sin 2θ tan θ cos 2 θ = tan θ.

[3]

(ii)

Express tan θ in terms of sin 2 θ and cos 2 θ .

[2]

(iii)

Hence show, without using tables or calculators, that tan 22.5 =

2 1.

[4]

(i) Given that A, B and C are the angles of a triangle, prove that

a) sin A + B = cos C

2

2

b) sin B + sin C = 2 cos A

2

(ii) Hence, show that

cos B C .

2

sin A + sin B + sin C = 4 cos A cos B cos C

2

2

2 .

[3]

[2]

[5]

29

Question 4

(a) In the cartesian plane with origin O , the coordinates of the points P and Q are (2 , 0) and (8 , 8) respectively. The midpoint of P Q is M .

(i) Find the equation of the line which passes through M and is per-

[8]

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, find the centre of the circle through P, O and

pendicular to P Q.

Q.

[9]

(b) (i) Prove that the line y = x + 1 is a tangent to circle

x 2 + y 2 + 10 x 12 y + 11 = 0 .

[6]

(ii) Find the coordinates of the point of contact of this tangent to the

circle.

[2]

30

Question 5

(a) Find

lim

x

3

x 3 27

x 2 + x 12 .

(b)

A chemical process is controlled by the function

P = u + vt 2

t

[4]

where u and v are constants.

Given that P = 1 when t = 1 and the rate of change of P with respect

[6]

to t is 5 when t = 12, find the values of u and v .

(c)

The curve C passes through the point (1 , 0) and its tangent at any

point (x, y ) is given by

dx dy = 3 x 2 6 x.

[3]

(ii) Find the coordinates of the stationary points of C and determine

(i) Find the equation of C .

the nature of EACH point.

[7]

(iii) Sketch the graph of C and label the x-intercepts.

[5]

31

Question 6

(a)

(b)

Differentiate with respect to x

(i)

x 2 x 1

(ii) sin 2 ( x 3 + 4).

(i)

Given that 6 f ( x) dx = 7 , evaluate 6 [2 f ( x) dx] .

1

1

[3]

[4]

[3]

(ii) The area under the curve y = x 2 + kx 5, above the x-axis and

(c)

bounded

Find the value of the constant k .

2

by the lines x = 1 and x = 3, is 14 3 units 2 .

[4]

The diagram below (not drawn to scale) represents a can in the shape of a closed cylinder with a hemisphere at one end. The ca n has

a volume of 45 units 3 .

(i)

(ii)

h r
h
r

Taking r units as the radius of the cylinder and h as its height, show that

[3]

a) h = 45

r

2

b) A = 5 πr 2

3

2 r

3

+ 90 π

r

, where A is the external surface area of the

can.

[3]

Hence, find the value of r for which A is a minimum and the

corresponding minimum value of A.

[Volume of sphere = 4 πr 3 , surface area of sphere = 4 πr 2 ]

[5]

3

[Volume of cylinder πr 2 h, curved surface area of cylinder = 2πrh.]

32

CAPE Unit One Examination 2007

34

Question 1

(a)

Let g ( x) = x 4 9 , x R . Find

 
 

(i)

all the real factors of g ( x)

[3]

(ii)

all

the

real

roots of g ( x) = 0.

[1]

(b)

The function f is defined by

 

f ( x) = x 4 9 x 3 + 28 x 2 36 x + 16 , x R ,

4

and u = x + x , x = 0 .

 
 

(i)

Express u 2 in terms of x.

[3]

(ii)

By writing

 

f ( x) = x 2 x 2 9 x + 28 36

16

x + x 2

and using the result from (b) (i) above, show that if f ( x) = 0,

then u 2 9 u + 20 = 0 .

[6]

(iii) Hence, determine the values of x R , for which f ( x) = 0.

[7]

35

Question 2

(a) Let S n =

n

r =1

Note:

n

r

r =1

r for n N . Find the value of n for which 3 S 2n = 11 S n .

= 1 2 n ( n + 1) .

[4]

(b)

The quadratic equation x 2 px + 24 = 0 , p R , has roots α and β,

the quadratic equation x 2 8 x + q = 0 , q R , has roots 2 α + β

and

and 2 α β.

(i) Express p and q in terms of α and β .

[2]

(ii) Find the values of α and β.

[4]

(iii) Hence, determine the values of p and q.

[2]

(c)

Prove by Mathematical Induction that n 2 > 2 n for all integers n 3.

[8]

36

Question 3

The circle shown in the diagram below (not drawn to scale) has centre C

at (5 , 4) and touches the y -axis at the point D . The circle cuts the x-axis at the points A and B . The tangent at B cuts the y -axis at the point P .

y P A B O x D C (5 , −4)
y
P
A
B
O
x
D
C
(5 , −4)

(a)

Determine

 

(i) the length of radius of the circle

[2]

(ii)

the equation of the circle

[1]

(iii)

the coordinates of the points A and B , at which the circle cuts the

 

x-axis.

[6]

 

(iv)

the equation of the tangent at B

[4]

(v)

the coordinates of P

[2]

(b)

Show by calculation that P D = P B .

[5]

37

Question 4

(a)

(i)

(ii)

Prove that cos 2θ = 1

tan 2 θ

1 + tan 2 θ

.

Hence, show, without using calculators, that

tan 67 1

2 = 1 + 2.

[4]

[7]

(b) In the triangle shown below, (not drawn to scale), sin q = 3 and
(b) In the triangle shown below, (not drawn to scale), sin q = 3 and
5
cos p = 5
13 .
q
60 ◦
p r
t

Determine the exact value of

(i)

cos q

[1]

(ii)

sin p

[1]

(iii)

sin r

[3]

(iv)

cos(p + t) .

[4]

38

Question 5

(a)

(b)

Given that y = 5 x 2 + 3 ,

(i)

obtain dx dy

(ii)

show that

y dx dy = 5 x

(iii)

hence, or otherwise, show that y

d

2 y

dx

2

+

dy dx 2

 

[4]

[2]

= 5 .

[4]

At a certain port, high tides and low tides occur daily. Suppose t minutes after high tide, the height, h metres, of the tide above a fixed

point is given by

h = 2 1 + cos 450 πt , 0 t.

Note: High tide occurs when h has its maximum value and

low tide occurs when h has it minimum value.

Determine

(i)

the height of the tide when high tide occurs for the first time [2]

(ii)

the length of time which elapses between the first high tide and

the first low tide

[3]

(iii)

the rate, in metres per minute, at which the tide is falling 75

minutes after high tide.

[5]

39

Question 6

(a)

(b)

(i) Use the result

if

a

0

f ( x) dx =

a

f ( a x) dx, a˙ > 0 , to show that

0

I = π/2

0

sin 2 xdx, then I = π/2 cos 2 xdx.

0

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, show that I = π .

4

[2]

[6]

(i) Sketch

the curve y = x 2 + 4 .

[4]

(ii) Calculate the volume created by rotating the plane figure bounded

by x = 0 , y = 4 , y = 5 and the curve y = x 2 +4 through 360 about

[8]

the y -axis.

40

CAPE Unit One Examination 2006

42

Question 1

(a)

Solve the simultaneous equations

x 2 + xy

= 6

x 3 y + 1 =

0 .

 
 

[8]

(b)

The roots of the equation x 2 +4 x +1 = 0 are α and β . Without solving the equation,

(i) state the value of α + β and αβ

(ii) find the value of α 2 + β 2

(iii) find the

1

1

equation whose roots are 1 + α and 1 + β .

Question 2

(a) Prove by Mathematical Induction, that

n

r

r =1

= 1

2 n (n + 1) .

(b)

Express, in terms of n and in the simplest form,

(i)

(ii)

2n

r

r =1

2n

r

r = n +1

(c) Find n if

2n

r = n +1

r = 100 .

[2]

[3]

[7]

[10]

[2]

[4]

[4]

43

Question 3

(a)

(i)

Find the coordinates of the centre and the radius of the circle

x 2 + 2 x + y 2 4 y = 4 .

[4]

By writing x + 1 = 3 sin θ, show that the parametric equations of

this circle are x = 1 + 3 sin θ and y = 2 + 3 cos θ .

(iii) Show that the x-coordinates of the points of intersection of this

(ii)

[5]

circle with the line x + y = 1 are x = 1 ± 3 2 .

line x + y = 1 are x = − 1 ± 3 √ 2 .

2

[4]

(b) Find the general solution of the equation cos θ = 2 sin 2 θ 1 .

[7]

Question 4

(a)

(b)

Given that 4 sin x cos x = R sin( x α ); R > 0 and 0 < α < 90 ,

(i) find the values of R and α correct to one decimal place

[7]

(ii)

hence, find ONE value of x between 0 and 360 for which the

curve y = 4 sin x cos x has a stationary point.

[2]

Let z 1 = 2 3 i and z 2 = 3 + 4 i.

(i)

Find in the form a + bi, a, b R ,

a) z 1 + z 2

b) z

1 z 2

c) z

1

z 2 .

(ii) Find the quadratic equation whose roots are z 1 and z 2 .

[1]

[3]

[5]

[2]

44

Question 5

(a)

(i) State the value of lim

δx 0

(ii) Given that

sin δx

δx

.

[1]

sin 2( x + δx) sin 2 x 2 cos A sin B,

[2]

(iii) Hence, or otherwise, differentiate with respect to x, from first prin-

[7]

find A and B in terms of x and/or δx.

ciples, the function y = sin 2 x.

k

(b) The curve y = hx 2 + x passes through the point P (1