Sei sulla pagina 1di 92

CAPE Unit One Examination 2011

2

Question 1

(a)

(b)

(c)

Without using calculators, ﬁnd the exact value of

(i)

(ii)

75 + 12 2 75 12 2

27 1/4 × 9 3/8 × 81 1/8 .





The diagram below, not drawn to scale, represents a segment of the graph of the function

f ( x) = x 3 + mx 2 + nx + p

where m, n and p are constants.

f ( x) (0 , 4)
Q
0
1
2

Find

(i)

(ii)

the value of p

the values of m and n

x

(iii) the x-coordinate of the point Q.







(i) By substituting y = log 2 x, or otherwise, solve for x, the equation

 log 2 x = log 2 √ x.  (ii) Solve, for real values of x, the inequality x 2 − | x| − 12 < 0 . 

3

Question 2

 (a) The quadratic equation x 2 − px + 24 = 0 , p ∈ R , has roots α and β. (i) Express in terms of p, a) α + β  b) α 2 + β 2 .  (ii) Given that α 2 + β 2 = 33 , ﬁnd the possible values of p.  (b) The function f ( x) has the property that f (2 x + 3) = 2 f ( x) + 3 , x ∈ R . If f (0) = 6 , ﬁnd the value of (i) f (3)  (ii) f (9)  (iii) f ( −3) .  (c) Prove that the product of two consecutive integers k and k + 1 is an even integer.  (d) Prove, by mathematical induction, that n ( n 2 + 5) is divisible by 6 for

all positive integer n.



4

Question 3

 (a) (i) Let a = a 1 i + a 2 j and b = b 1 i + b 2 j with |a | = 13 and | b | = 10 . Find the value of (a + b ) · ( a − b )  (ii) If 2 b − a = 11 i , determine the possible values of a and b . 

(b) The line L has equation x y + 1 = 0 and the circle C has equation

x 2 + y 2 2 y 15

= 0 .

 (i) Show that L passes through the centre of C.  (ii) If L intersects C at P and Q, determine the coordinates of P and Q.  (iii) Find the constants a, b and c such that x = b + a cos θ and y = c + a sin θ are parametric equations (in parameter θ ) of C.  (iv) Another circle C 2 , with the same radius as C, touches L at the centre of C. Find the possible equations of C 2 . 

5

Question 4

(a)

(b)

By using x = cos 2 θ, or otherwise, ﬁnd all values of the angle θ such that

8 cos 4 θ 10 cos 2 θ + 3 = 0 ,

0 θ π.



The diagram below, not drawn to scale, shows a rectangle P QRS with sides 6 cm and 8 cm inscribed in another rectangle ABCD. A
Q B
P
R
θ
C
D S
6 cm
8 cm

(i) The angle that SR makes with DC is θ. Find in terms of θ, the

length of the side BC.

 (ii) Find the value of θ if | BC | = 7 cm. (iii) Is 15 cm a possible value for | BC | ? Give a reason.

(c)

(i) Show that

1 cos 2 θ = tan θ. sin 2 θ

(ii)

Hence, show that 1 cos 4 θ

a)

b)

sin 4 θ 1 cos 6 θ sin 6 θ

=

=

tan 2 θ

tan 3 θ.

(iii)

Using the results in (c) (i) and (ii) above, evaluate

n

r =1

(tan sin 2 + cos 2 )

where n is a positive integer.















6

Question 5

(a) Find lim

x

→− 2

x 2 + 5 x + 6

x 2 x 6

.

(b)

The function f on R is deﬁned by

f ( x) = x bx 2 + + 1 1

Determine

if x 2 if x < 2 .



(c)

(i) f (2)

(ii)

lim + f ( x)

x

2

(iii)

(iv) the value of b such that f is continuous at x = 2 .

lim f ( x) in terms of the constant b

x

2









The curve y = px 3 + qx 2 + 3 x + 2 passes through the point T (1 , 2) and

its gradient at T is 7 . The line x = 1 cuts the x-axis at M, and the normal to the curve at T cuts the x-axis at N.

 Find (i) the values of the constants p and q.  (ii) the equation of the normal to the curve at T  (iii) the length of MN. 

7

Question 6

(a) The diagram below, not drawn to scale, is a sketch of the section of the function f ( x) = x ( x 2 12) which passes through the origin O. A and B are stationary points on the curve. y
A
f ( x) = x( x 2 − 12)
x
O
B
Find
(i) the coordinates of each of the stationary points A and B



(ii) the equation of the normal to the curve f ( x) = x ( x 2 12) at the

origin, O.

(iii) the area between the curve and the positive x-axis.

(b) (i) Use the result

a

0

f ( x) dx = a f ( a x) dx,

0

a > 0 ,

to show

that π x sin xdx = π (π x) sin xdx.

0

0

(ii) Hence, show that

a) π x sin xdx = π π sin xdx + π x sin xdx

0

0

0

b)

π x sin xdx = π.

0











8

CAPE Unit One Examination 2010

10

Question 1

 (a) Find the values of the constant p such that (x − p ) is a factor of f ( x) = 4 x 3 − (3 p + 2)x 2 − p 2 − 1 x + 3 .  (b) Solve for x and y , the simultaneous equations log(x − 1) + 2 log y = 2 log 3 log x + log y = log 6 .  (c) Solve, for x ∈ R , the inequality − 5 > 0 . 2 x − 3 x + 1  (d) By putting y = 2 x , or otherwise, solve 4 x − 3 2 x +1 + 8 = 0 . 

11

Question 2

(a)

(i) Use the fact that S n =

n

r = 1 2 n ( n + 1) to express S 2n =

(ii)

r

=1

in terms of n.

Find constants p, q such that

S 2n S n = pn 2 + qn.

(iii)

Hence, or otherwise, ﬁnd n such that

S 2n S n = 260 .

2n

r

r

=1







(b) The diagram below (not drawn to scale) shows the graph of y = x 2 (3 x). The coordinates of P and Q are (2 , 4) and (3 , 0) respectively. y
P
Q
O
3
x
1 2
 (i) Write down the solution set of the inequality x 2 (3 − x) ≤ 0.  (ii) Given that the equation x 2 (3 − x) = k has three real roots for x, write down the possible values of k .  (iii) The functions f and g are deﬁned as follows: f : x → x 2 (3 − x) , for 0 < x < 2 g : x → x 2 (3 − x) , for 0 < x < 3 By using (b) (ii) above, or otherwise, show that a) f has an inverse, b) g does NOT have an inverse. 

12

Question 3

 (a) The vectors p and q are given by p = 6 i + 4 j q = −8 i − 9 j . (i) Calculate, in degrees, the angle between p and q .  (ii) a) Find a non-zero v such that p · v = 0 . b) State the relationship between p and v .  (b) The circle C 1 has ( −3 , 4) and (1 , 2) as endpoints of a diameter. (i) Show that the equation of C 1 is x 2 + y 2 + 2 x − 6 y + 5 = 0 .  (ii) The circle C 2 has equation x 2 + y 2 + x − 5 y = 0. Calculate the

coordinates of the points of intersection of C 1 and C 2 .



13

Question 4

 (a) (i) Solve the equation cos 3A = 0 .5 for 0 ≤ A ≤ π .  (ii) Show that cos 3 A = 4 cos 3 A − 3 cos A. 

(iii) The THREE roots of the equation 4p 3 3 p 0 .5 = 0 all lie between

1 and 1. Use the results in (a) (i) and (ii) to ﬁnd these roots.

(b) The following diagram, not drawn to scale, represents a painting of height h metres, that is fastened to a vertical wall at a height d metres

above and x metres away from the level of an observer, O .

O α
β
x m

Painting

h m  d
m The viewing angle of the painting is (α β ), where α and β are respec- tively the angles of inclination, in radians, from the level of the observer

to the top and base of the painting.

(i) Show that

tan(α β ) =

hx x 2 + d (d + h) .



(ii)

The viewing angle of the painting, (α β ), is at a maximum when

x = d (d + h) . Calculate the maximum viewing angle, in radians,

when d = 3 h.



14

Question 5

(a) Find

(i) lim

x

3

(ii) lim

x

0

x

2

9

x 3 27 tan x 5 x

sin 2 x 4

x .





(b)

(c)

The function f on R is deﬁned by

f ( x) = 3 x 7 if x > 4

1 + 2 x if x 4 .

(i)

Find

a)

x

b)

lim + f ( x)

4

lim f (x) .

x

4

(ii) Deduce that f ( x) is discontinuous at x = 4.







(i) Evaluate

1

1 x

x 2

1

dx.



(ii)

Use the substitution u = x 2 + 4, or otherwise, ﬁnd x x 2 + 4 dx.



15

Question 6

(a)

(b)

(c)

Diﬀerentiate with respect to x

(i)

(ii)

y = sin(3 x + 2) + tan 5x

y = x 2 + 1 .

x 3 1





The function f ( x) satisﬁes 4 f ( x) dx = 7 .

1

(i)

(ii)

Find 4 [3 f ( x) + 4] dx.

1



3

Using the substitution u = x + 1, evaluate 2 f ( x + 1) dx. 

0

In the diagram below (not drawn to scale), the line x + y = 2 inter-

sects the curve y = x 2 at the points P and Q. y
y = x 2
P
x + y = 2
Q
O

x

 (i) Find the coordinates of the points P and Q.  (ii) Calculate the area of the shaded portion of the diagram b ounded by the curve and the straight line. 

16

CAPE Unit One Examination 2009

18

Question 1

 (a) Without using tables or a calculator, simplify √ 28 + √ 343 in the form k √ 7 where k is an integer.  (b) Let x and y be positive real numbers such that x = y. 4 4 (i) Simplify x x − − y y .  (ii) Hence, or otherwise, show that ( y + 1) 4 − y 4 = (y + 1) 3 + (y + 1) 2 y + (y + 1)y 2 + y 3 .  (iii) Deduce that (y + 1) 4 − y 4 < 4(y + 1) 3 .  (c) Solve the equation log 4 x = 1 + log 2 2 x, x > 0 . 

19

Question 2

(a)

(b)

The roots of the quadratic equation 2x 2 + 4 x + 5 = 0 are α and β.

Without solving the equation, ﬁnd the quadratic equation whose

2

2

roots are α and β .



The coach of an athletic club trains six athletes u, v, w, x, y and z , in

this training camp. He makes an assignment, f , of athletes u, v, w, x, y and z to physical trainers 1 , 2 , 3 and 4 according to the diagram below

in which

A = {u, v, w, x, y, z } and B = { 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 } .

f A
B
u
1
v
2
w
x
3
y
z
4
 (i) Express f as a set of ordered pairs.  (ii) a) State TWO reasons why f is NOT a function. 

b) Hence, with MINIMUM changes to f , construct a function

g : A B as a set of ordered pairs.



c) Determine how many diﬀerent functions are possible for g in

(c)

(ii) b) above.

The function f on R , is deﬁned by

Find the value of

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

f [f (20)] f [f (8)] f [f (3)].

f ( x) = x 3 if x 3

if x > 3

x

4









20

Question 3

 (a) The circle C has equation ( x − 3) 2 + (y − 4) 2 = 25 . (i) State the radius and the coordinates of the centre of C .  (ii) Find the equation of the tangent at the point (6, 8) on C .  (iii) Find the coordinates of the points of intersection of C with the straight line y = 2 x + 3.  (b) The points P and Q have position vectors, relative to the origin O , given respectively by

p = i + 6 j and q

=

3 i + 8 j .

 (i) a) Calculate, in degrees, the size of the angle, θ, between p and q .  b) Hence, calculate the area of triangle P OQ.  (ii) Find, in terms of i and j , the position vector of a) M , where M is the mid-point of P Q. 

b) R , where R is such that P QRO , labelled clockwise, forms a

parallelogram.



21

Question 4

(a)

The diagram below, which is not drawn to scale, shows a quadri- lateral ABCD in which BC = 9 cm, AD = x cm, AB = 4 cm and

BAD = BCD = θ and CDA is a right-angle.

C A
4 cm
θ
B
x cm
9 cm
θ
D
 (i) Show that x = 4 cos θ + 9 sin θ.  (ii) By expressing x in the form r cos( θ − α ), where r is positive and

(b)

1

0 α < 2 π, ﬁnd the maximum possible value of x.



Given that A and B are acute angles such that sin A = 3 and cos B = 13 , ﬁnd, without using tables or calculators, the EXACT value of

5

5

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

sin( A + B ) cos(A B ) cos 2 A.







(c) Prove that

tan x + π = sec x + tan x.

2

4



22

Question 5

(a) Find

lim

x

2

x 3 8

x 2 6 x + 8

(b)

The function f on R , is deﬁned by

f ( x) = 3 x if x 1 1 + x if x < 1 .

(i) Sketch the graph of f ( x) for the domain 1 x 2 .

(ii) Find

a)

b)

lim + f ( x) lim f (x) .

x

x

1

1

(iii) Deduce that f ( x) is continuous at x = 1.











(c)

(d)

Diﬀerentiate from ﬁrst principles, with respect to x, the function y =



1

x

2 .

The function f ( x) is such that f ( x) = 3 x 2 +6 x + k where k is a constant.

Given that f (0) = 6 and f (1) = 3 , ﬁnd the value of f ( x).



23

Question 6

(a)

Given that y = sin 2 x + cos 2 x, show that

d 2 y

dx 2

+ 4 y = 0 .

(b) Given that

a

0

( x + 1) dx = 3 a ( x 1) dx, a > 0 ,

0

ﬁnd the value of the constant a.





(c)

The diagram below (not drawn to scale) represents a piece of thin

cardboard 16 cm by 10 cm. Shaded squares, each of side x cm, are removed from each corner. The remainder is folded to form a tray. x x  16 cm

10 cm

(i) Show that the volume, V cm 3 , of the tray is given by

V = 4 x 3 13 x 2 + 40 x .

(ii) Hence, ﬁnd the possible value of x such that V is a maximum. 

24

CAPE Unit One Examination 2008

26

Question 1

(a)

(b)

(c)

The roots of the cubic equation x 3 + 3 px 2 + qx + r = 0 are 1 , 1 and

3. Find the values of the real constants p, q and r.



Without using tables or calculators, show that

(i)

(ii)

6 + 2 6 2

6 + 2 2 + 6 2

6 + 2

6

= 2 + 3

(i) Show that

= 4.

n

r =1

1

r ( r + 1) = 3 n( n + 1)(n + 2), n N .

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, evaluate

50

r =31

r ( r + 1) .









27

Question 2

(a) The roots of the quadratic equation

2 x 2 + 4 x + 5 = 0

are α and β.

Without solving the equation,

 (i) write down the values of α + β and αβ  (ii) calculate a) α 2 + β 2  b) α 3 + β 3  (iii) ﬁnd the equation whose roots are α 3 and β 3 .  (b) (i) Solve for x the equation x 1/3 − 4 x − 1/3 = 3 .  (ii) Find x such that log 5 ( x + 3) + log 5 ( x − 1) = 1.  (iii) Without the use of calculators or tables, evaluate

log 10 1

2 +log 10 3 +log 10 4 + · · · +log 10 8

2

3

9 +log 10

10 .

9



28

Question 3

(a) The lines y = 3 x + 4 and 4 y = 3 x + 5 are inclined at angles α and β respectively to the x-axis.

(i) State the value of tan α and tan β .



(ii) Without using tables or calculators, ﬁnd the tangent of the

(b)

(c)

 angle between the two lines.  (i) Prove that sin 2θ − tan θ cos 2 θ = tan θ.  (ii) Express tan θ in terms of sin 2 θ and cos 2 θ .  (iii) Hence show, without using tables or calculators, that tan 22.5 ◦ = √ 2 − 1. 

(i) Given that A, B and C are the angles of a triangle, prove that

a) sin A + B = cos C

2

2

b) sin B + sin C = 2 cos A

2

(ii) Hence, show that

cos B C .

2

sin A + sin B + sin C = 4 cos A cos B cos C

2

2

2 .







29

Question 4

(a) In the cartesian plane with origin O , the coordinates of the points P and Q are (2 , 0) and (8 , 8) respectively. The midpoint of P Q is M .

(i) Find the equation of the line which passes through M and is per-



(ii) Hence, or otherwise, ﬁnd the centre of the circle through P, O and

pendicular to P Q.

Q.



(b) (i) Prove that the line y = x + 1 is a tangent to circle

x 2 + y 2 + 10 x 12 y + 11 = 0 .



(ii) Find the coordinates of the point of contact of this tangent to the

circle.



30

Question 5

(a) Find

lim

x

3

x 3 27

x 2 + x 12 .

(b)

A chemical process is controlled by the function

P = u + vt 2

t



where u and v are constants.

Given that P = 1 when t = 1 and the rate of change of P with respect



to t is 5 when t = 12, ﬁnd the values of u and v .

(c)

The curve C passes through the point (1 , 0) and its tangent at any

point (x, y ) is given by

dx dy = 3 x 2 6 x.



(ii) Find the coordinates of the stationary points of C and determine

(i) Find the equation of C .

 the nature of EACH point.  (iii) Sketch the graph of C and label the x-intercepts. 

31

Question 6

(a)

(b)

Diﬀerentiate with respect to x

(i)

x 2 x 1

(ii) sin 2 ( x 3 + 4).

(i)

Given that 6 f ( x) dx = 7 , evaluate 6 [2 f ( x) dx] .

1

1







(ii) The area under the curve y = x 2 + kx 5, above the x-axis and

(c)

bounded

Find the value of the constant k .

2

by the lines x = 1 and x = 3, is 14 3 units 2 .



The diagram below (not drawn to scale) represents a can in the shape of a closed cylinder with a hemisphere at one end. The ca n has

a volume of 45 units 3 .

(i)

(ii) h
r

Taking r units as the radius of the cylinder and h as its height, show that



a) h = 45

r

2

b) A = 5 πr 2

3

2 r

3

+ 90 π

r

, where A is the external surface area of the

can.



Hence, ﬁnd the value of r for which A is a minimum and the

corresponding minimum value of A.

[Volume of sphere = 4 πr 3 , surface area of sphere = 4 πr 2 ]



3

[Volume of cylinder πr 2 h, curved surface area of cylinder = 2πrh.]

32

CAPE Unit One Examination 2007

34

Question 1

 (a) Let g ( x) = x 4 − 9 , x ∈ R . Find (i) all the real factors of g ( x)  (ii) all the real roots of g ( x) = 0.  (b) The function f is deﬁned by f ( x) = x 4 − 9 x 3 + 28 x 2 − 36 x + 16 , x ∈ R , 4 and u = x + x , x = 0 . (i) Express u 2 in terms of x.  (ii) By writing

f ( x) = x 2 x 2 9 x + 28 36

16

x + x 2

and using the result from (b) (i) above, show that if f ( x) = 0,

 then u 2 − 9 u + 20 = 0 .  (iii) Hence, determine the values of x ∈ R , for which f ( x) = 0. 

35

Question 2

(a) Let S n =

n

r =1

Note:

n

r

r =1

r for n N . Find the value of n for which 3 S 2n = 11 S n .

= 1 2 n ( n + 1) .



(b)

The quadratic equation x 2 px + 24 = 0 , p R , has roots α and β,

the quadratic equation x 2 8 x + q = 0 , q R , has roots 2 α + β

and

and 2 α β.

 (i) Express p and q in terms of α and β .  (ii) Find the values of α and β.  (iii) Hence, determine the values of p and q. 

(c)

Prove by Mathematical Induction that n 2 > 2 n for all integers n 3.



36

Question 3

The circle shown in the diagram below (not drawn to scale) has centre C

at (5 , 4) and touches the y -axis at the point D . The circle cuts the x-axis at the points A and B . The tangent at B cuts the y -axis at the point P . y
P
A
B
O
x
D
C
(5 , −4)
 (a) Determine (i) the length of radius of the circle  (ii) the equation of the circle  (iii) the coordinates of the points A and B , at which the circle cuts the x-axis.  (iv) the equation of the tangent at B  (v) the coordinates of P  (b) Show by calculation that P D = P B . 

37

Question 4

(a)

(i)

(ii)

Prove that cos 2θ = 1

tan 2 θ

1 + tan 2 θ

.

Hence, show, without using calculators, that

tan 67 1

2 = 1 + 2. (b) In the triangle shown below, (not drawn to scale), sin q = 3 and
5
cos p = 5
13 .
q
60 ◦
p r
t

Determine the exact value of

 (i) cos q  (ii) sin p  (iii) sin r  (iv) cos(p + t) . 

38

Question 5

(a)

(b)

Given that y = 5 x 2 + 3 ,

 (i) obtain dx dy (ii) show that y dx dy = 5 x (iii) hence, or otherwise, show that y

d

2 y

dx

2

+

dy dx 2

   = 5 . 

At a certain port, high tides and low tides occur daily. Suppose t minutes after high tide, the height, h metres, of the tide above a ﬁxed

point is given by

h = 2 1 + cos 450 πt , 0 t.

Note: High tide occurs when h has its maximum value and

low tide occurs when h has it minimum value.

Determine

 (i) the height of the tide when high tide occurs for the ﬁrst time  (ii) the length of time which elapses between the ﬁrst high tide and the ﬁrst low tide  (iii) the rate, in metres per minute, at which the tide is falling 75 minutes after high tide. 

39

Question 6

(a)

(b)

(i) Use the result

if

a

0

f ( x) dx =

a

f ( a x) dx, a˙ > 0 , to show that

0

I = π/2

0

sin 2 xdx, then I = π/2 cos 2 xdx.

0

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, show that I = π .

4





(i) Sketch

the curve y = x 2 + 4 .



(ii) Calculate the volume created by rotating the plane ﬁgure bounded

by x = 0 , y = 4 , y = 5 and the curve y = x 2 +4 through 360 about



the y -axis.

40

CAPE Unit One Examination 2006

42

Question 1

 (a) Solve the simultaneous equations x 2 + xy = 6 x − 3 y + 1 = 0 .  (b) The roots of the equation x 2 +4 x +1 = 0 are α and β . Without solving the equation,

(i) state the value of α + β and αβ

(ii) ﬁnd the value of α 2 + β 2

(iii) ﬁnd the

1

1

equation whose roots are 1 + α and 1 + β .

Question 2

(a) Prove by Mathematical Induction, that

n

r

r =1

= 1

2 n (n + 1) .

(b)

Express, in terms of n and in the simplest form,

(i)

(ii)

2n

r

r =1

2n

r

r = n +1

(c) Find n if

2n

r = n +1

r = 100 .















43

Question 3

(a)

(i)

Find the coordinates of the centre and the radius of the circle

x 2 + 2 x + y 2 4 y = 4 .



By writing x + 1 = 3 sin θ, show that the parametric equations of

this circle are x = 1 + 3 sin θ and y = 2 + 3 cos θ .

(iii) Show that the x-coordinates of the points of intersection of this

(ii)



circle with the line x + y = 1 are x = 1 ± 3 2 . 2



(b) Find the general solution of the equation cos θ = 2 sin 2 θ 1 .



Question 4

(a)

(b)

Given that 4 sin x cos x = R sin( x α ); R > 0 and 0 < α < 90 ,

(i) ﬁnd the values of R and α correct to one decimal place



(ii)

hence, ﬁnd ONE value of x between 0 and 360 for which the

curve y = 4 sin x cos x has a stationary point.



Let z 1 = 2 3 i and z 2 = 3 + 4 i.

(i)

Find in the form a + bi, a, b R ,

a) z 1 + z 2

b) z

1 z 2

c) z

1

z 2 .

(ii) Find the quadratic equation whose roots are z 1 and z 2 .









44

Question 5

(a)

(i) State the value of lim

δx 0

(ii) Given that

sin δx

δx

.



sin 2( x + δx) sin 2 x 2 cos A sin B,



(iii) Hence, or otherwise, diﬀerentiate with respect to x, from ﬁrst prin-



ﬁnd A and B in terms of x and/or δx.

ciples, the function y = sin 2 x.

k

(b) The curve y = hx 2 + x passes through the point P (1