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It is necessary to understand Adolf Hitlers early childhood and past to
realize why he took such harsh policies and methods to win the war
and command his supremacy.
Adolf Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany , was born on April 20th 1889 in a small
Austrian town called Braunau, near to the German border. his father alois hitler was
51 years old .he was short tempered strict and brutal. he adopted a brutal approach to
bring up hitler. As a result hitlers anger and strictness can be traced back to his
childhood, when he himself received a dose of what he was going to be in the future.
Alois was a civil servant and had a respected job . he was devastated when adolf
hitler wanted to become an artist. Hitlers mother on the other hand was supportive
and kind and always came to his side when he had to face the rage of his father.
Hitler was not popular in school and was lazy . he was a below average performer in
school. hitler left school at the age of 15.hitler never stopped wanting to become an
artist .he went to Vienna and applied for the Vienna academy of art. But his life was
shattered again when his mother died ,further more he was rejected by the Vienna
academy of art.
It was during this time that his hatred for the jews increased .he convinced himself
that the jews were responsible for his rejection in the vienna cademy of arts ,for his
mothers death.he believed that all the rich people In Vienna were jews.he termed his
life in Vienna as Five Years Of Hardship And Misery and blamed it on the jews.
In august 1914 world war one was declared and he crossed the border to germany
and applied for the army .he was excited for the war.he considered it a fortune and
unlike other comrades, did not condemn it. Even though he was an introvert he won
five medals for bravery and was even promoted to corporal. However a month before
the end of the war in 1918 he was gassed and could not see. As he lay recovering in

the hospital when Germany surrendered. He was devastated and blamed the jews for
the submission of his country.
After World War I, Hitler remained in the army and returned to Munich, where he in
contrast to his later declarations attended the funeral march for the murdered
Bavarian prime minister Kurt Eisner...After the suppression of the Bavarian Soviet
Republic, he took part in national thinking courses organized by the Education and
Propaganda Department.
in the July of 1919, Hitler was appointed a police spy of an Intelligence Commando of
the Reichswehr, both to influence other soldiers and to infiltrate a small party which is
known as the German Workers Party (DAP).
During his inspection of the party, Hitler was impressed with founder Anton
Drexlers anti-Semitic, nationalist, anti-capitalist and anti-Marxist ideas, which
favoured a strong active government, a non-Jewish version of socialism and mutual
solidarity of all members of society.
Similarly, Drexler was impressed with Hitlers oratory skills and invited him to join the
party. Hitler became the DAPs 55th member on September 12, 1919. He was also
made the seventh member of the executive committee.
At the DAP hitler met Dietrich Eckhart who became hitlers mentor. He taught him how
to socialize and exchanged ideas and different views with him.later the party changed
its name to ns dap and hitler designed the banner of the party which was a swastika.
After his discharge from the army in March 1920, Hitler began working full time for the
party. In February 1921already highly effective at speaking to large audienceshe
spoke to a crowd of over 6,000 in Munich. To publicise the meeting, two truckloads of
party supporters drove around town waving swastika flags and throwing leaflets.
In june 1921 when hitler and Eckhart were away in berlin mutiny broke out in the
nsdap. And those who were against hitler wanted to join the opposing part DAP. Hitler
came back on 11th july 1921, and gave his resignation . but the members understood
that his departure would result in the end of this party. so he came back in under the
condition of becoming the chief of the group.
In the following days, Hitler spoke to several packed houses and defended himself,
to thunderous applause. His strategy proved successful: at a general DAP
membership meeting, he was granted absolute powers as party chairman, with only
one nay vote cast.
In the early 1930s the mood in germany was grim.the country was suffering severely
because of the great depression and millions of people were out of work. Some
people still fretted over their loss in world war one and did not believe in their system
of governance. Which was called Weimar republic . this gave a chance for other

Dominant people like hitler himself to rise to power.

Hitler was an exceptional and very powerful orator whos talks appealed to the people.
Thus he got a large following from those who were desperste for a change. He
promised a new and glorious germany.the Nazis appealed to the unemployed and
The partys rise to power was rapid. Before the great deopression the party was
relatively unknown. It won only 3% of the votes to the Reichstag(German Parliament)
in 1924. But in 1932 it won 33% of the votes and won more votes than any other party.
in 1933 Hitler become the chancellor of germany, many people believed they had
finally found their saviour.
Some key dates were:1. June 28th 1919
The loss in world war one forced the germans to sign the treaty of Versailles.
Which stated that germany would take responsibility for the war and make
huge payments . it would restrict the military to 100,000 troops and would give
away territories to neighbouring countries. Hitler promised to overturn this.
2. October 24th 1929
The stock market crash in New York leads to worldwide bankruptcies and the
great depression. 6 million people are left unemployed in Germany . economic
distress leads to the meteoric rise of the nazi party. It wins almost 40% of the
votes in the Reichstag electorate. It becomes the largest party in germany .
3. November 6th 1932
In Reichstag the nazi party loses almost 2 million votes and wins only 33% of
the votes in the government. It sems clear that they will not win a majority of
votes in a democratic government. Hitler is forced to form a coalition
government with the conservatives. After discussions hitler becomes the
chancellor od germany.
Upon the death of Hindenburg in August 1934, Hitler was the consensus successor.
With an improving economy, Hitler claimed credit and consolidated his position as a
dictator, having succeeded in eliminating challenges from other political parties and
government institutions. The German industrial machine was built up in preparation
for war.
World war 2
Germanys war strategy was assumed by Hitler from the first. When the successful
campaign against Poland failed to produce the desired peace accord with Britain, he
ordered the army to prepare for an immediate offensive in the west. Bad weather
made some of his reluctant generals postpone the western offensive. This in turn led
to two major changes in planning. The first was Hitlers order to forestall an eventual
British presence in Norway by occupying that country and Denmark in April 1940.

Hitler took a close personal interest in this daring operation. From this time onward
his intervention in the detail of military operations grew steadily greater. The second
was Hitlers important adoption of General Erich von Mansteins plan for an attack
through the Ardennes (which began May 10) instead of farther north. This was a
brilliant and startling success. The German armies reached the Channel ports (which
they had been unable to reach during World War I) in 10 days. Holland surrendered
after 4 days and Belgium after 16 days. Hitler held back General Karl von Rundstedts
tanks south of Dunkirk, thus enabling the British to evacuate most of their army.

Hitler hoped that Britain would negotiate an armistice .but when this did not happen
he planned the invasion of Britain and planned to take out its air power. Apart from
this he also focussed on conquering USSR. Mussolinis loss in the Mediterranean
forced hitler to come to his aid. His plans were further disrupted by the Yugoslavian
government which broke its treaty with germany. His victories in the Mediterranean
were significant but limited when compared to the invasion of USSR.
Hitlers invasion of USSR took place on june 22nd 1941. His army advanced quickly
into Russia .it captured more than 3 million prisoners . But failed in the overall
conquering of Russia . his relations with his generals became strained and now he
lacked a proper objective. A Russian counteroffensive in December 1941 finally made
it clear that hitler would not be able to conquer Russia.
On December 7th the next day japan waged war against the US by bombing pearl
harbour. As germany were in alliance with the Japanese they too had to wage war
against the US. Hitler tried to break the coalition of his enemies by making one of
them surrender. He also reorganized germanys economy on a full wartime basis.
Between 1933 and 1939 and during the first years of the war Hitlers main purpose
was to expel the Jews from the greater German Reich. Later on expulsion changed to
extermination and the Nazi concentration camps were turned into extermination
camps like Auschwitz . if not outright extermination the jews were by far the most in
nuber of victims. In german occupied Europe around 6 million jews were slaughtered.
The defeat of Stalingrad and the arrival of the US at French north Africa was the
turning point of the war. Hitlers character changed and he started controlling the
operations from his headquarters, he refused to visit bombed cities. Yet he did not
lose the power to react vigorously in the face of danger .
Desperate officials and anti-Nazi civilians were ready to remove hitler from power.
Several attempts were made on his life. Thereafter hitler became increasingly ill but
he did not relax or lose control. The Normandy invasion of the allied powers on june
6th was the beginning of the end. Soon 8 capital cities of Europe were liberated. Now
hitlers want for victory was only visionary, trying to use better weapons and breaking
the unity of the allied powers.


By early 1945 Germany was on the verge of total collapse. In the afternoon of april
22nd the Hitler lost hopes of ever winning the war. When he was informed that his
orders to General Steiner to protect Berlin with his troops was rejected and not
carried out. He decide that he would stay in Berlin till the end and then shoot himself.
He asked his psychiatrist for the best way to commit suicide, and he was told to shoot
himself after taking a dose of cyanide.
After midnight of 29th April Hitler married Eva Braun. At 4 o clock he dictated his last
will and testament to Traudl Junge. Next morning he hosted a modest breakfast with
his wife for their wedding. Hitler and Braun were married for less than 40 hours. On
30thApril his general whilhelm keital informed him that all their troops were defeated
and that berlin would be seized in the next 24 hours. Later that day at around 14:30
Eva and Hitler went into Hitlers personal study. At 15:30 a gunshot was heard . then
hitlers valet and his commander entered the dtudy to find two lifeless bodies . Hitler
had shot himself on the temple and his wife had taken cyanide.this marked the end of
THE NEWS OF HITLERS DEATH was spread by the germans itself. In the morning of
1st of may the normal broadcast of the german news was halted and a big
announcement was made that hitler was dead.

The Holocaust and Germany's war in the East was based on Hitler's long-standing view that the
Jews were the great enemy of the German people and that Lebensraum was needed for the
expansion of Germany. He focused on Eastern Europe for this expansion, aiming to defeat
Poland and the Soviet Union and on removing or killing the Jews and Slavs.[306] The Generalplan
Ost ("General Plan East") called for deporting the population of occupied Eastern Europe and the
Soviet Union to West Siberia, for use as slave labour or to be murdered
By January 1942, it had been decided to kill the Jews, Slavs, and other deportees considered

Adolf Hitler ( 20 April 1889 30 April 1945) was an Austro-Hungarian-born
German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (German: Nationalsozialistische
Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP); National Socialist German Workers Party). He
was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and F hrer (leader) of Nazi Germany from
1934 to 1945. As effective dictator of Nazi Germany, Hitler was at the centre of World War II
in Europe, and the Holocaust.

Hitler actively sought Lebensraum ("living space") for the German people. His
aggressive foreign policy is considered to be the primary cause of the outbreak of
World War II in Europe.
Under Hitler's leadership and racially motivated ideology, the Nazi regime was
responsible for thegenocide of at least 5.5 million Jews and millions of other
victims whom he and his followers deemedUntermenschen ("sub-humans") and

socially undesirable. Hitler and the Nazi regime were also responsible for the killing of
an estimated 19.3 million civilians and prisoners of war. In addition, 29 million soldiers
and civilians died as a result of military action in the European