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# Entering Formulas & Linking Cells

Step

Task
1 Open the GP sheet and enter a formula in cell D4 which deducts the cost of sales amount in cell C4 from the sales
2 Copy cell D4.
3 Paste only the cell formula into cells D5 to D12.
4 Select cell E4 and enter a formula in this cell which divides the gross profit amount in cell D4 by the sales amount in
5 Copy cell E4.
6 Paste only the cell formula into cells E5 to E12.
7 Select the cell range from cell A3 to cell B11 and copy this cell range.
8 Open the Comm sheet, select cell A3 and paste the selected cell range so that the orientation of the copied cells ch
9 Select cell B9 and enter a formula which will enable you to calculate a monthly commission amount based on the tw
10 Copy cell B9.
11 Paste all the contents of cell B9 into the cell range from cell B9 to cell I10.
12 Open the Sales sheet and link cell B4 on the Sales sheet to cell B4 on the GP sheet.
13 Copy cell B4 on the Sales sheet.
14 Paste only the cell formula into cell B5 to B11.
15 Select cell C4 and enter a formula which can be used to calculate a cumulative sales total for all the cells in column
16 Copy cell C4.
17 Paste only the cell formula into cell C5 to C11.
18 Open the Tax sheet and select the cell range from cell A5 to cell D14.
19 Insert the selected cell range into an Excel table.
20 Select cell B6 and link the cell to cell B4 on the GP sheet. Note how the formulas in the other cells in column B are a
21 Select cell C6 and enter a formula which multiplies the appropriate monthly sales amount by the sales tax percentag
22 Enter a formula in cell D6 which sums the sales and tax amounts for each row that is included in the table.
23 Note the formula in cell D6 - this is an example of structured cell referencing which is a unique cell referencing syste
24 Note how the formulas in the cells that are included in the Excel table are automatically updated with the new table n
25 Select cell B15 and add a SUM calculation to this column total. Do the same in cell C15.
26 Open the GP sheet and note that the formula that has been included in column E displays an error if the sales amou
27 Copy cell E4.
28 Paste only the cell formula into cells E5 to E12. Cell E12 should now contain a nil value.

## n cell C4 from the sales amount in cell B4.

4 by the sales amount in cell B4 in order to calculate a monthly gross profit percentage.

on of the copied cells changes from row based to column based. The month names will therefore now form the column headings. When sel
amount based on the two commission percentages that have been entered in cells B6 and B7.

or all the cells in column C (Tip: You will have to use the SUM function, use the same cell reference as both the from and to referral points fo

er cells in column B are automatically copied when the cell range is included in an Excel table.
y the sales tax percentage that has been specified in cell B3. Note that you will have to use an absolute cell reference to refer to the sales ta
ed in the table.
ue cell referencing system to Excel tables. Change the default Table1 name to: TaxTable
ated with the new table name. Now add a total row to the table.

an error if the sales amount in column B is nil. Edit the formula in cell E4 by adding an IF function to it in order to display a nil value if the sal

umn headings. When selecting the appropriate paste options, make sure that you only paste the cell values.

m and to referral points for the sum cell range and change the first cell reference to an absolute cell reference).

ce to refer to the sales tax percentage otherwise the other sales tax amounts in column C will not be calculated correctly.

## play a nil value if the sales amount in column B is nil.

Example Limited
Month

Sales

Cost of Sales

Gross Profit

GP%

Aug-2011

100,000

65,000

35,000

35.0%

Sep-2011

85,000

52,000

33,000

38.8%

Oct-2011

90,000

53,000

37,000

41.1%

Nov-2011

115,000

59,000

56,000

48.7%

Dec-2011

107,000

61,000

46,000

43.0%

Jan-2012

101,000

62,000

39,000

38.6%

Feb-2012

105,000

58,000

47,000

44.8%

Mar-2012

112,000

63,000

49,000

43.8%

Apr-2012

Example Limited

Commission 1 %

10.0%

Commission 2 %

7.5%

Commission 1 Amount
Commission 2 Amount

Example Limited
Month
Aug-2011
Sep-2011
Oct-2011
Nov-2011
Dec-2011
Jan-2012
Feb-2012
Mar-2012

Sales

Cumulative

Example Limited
Sales Tax %

Month
Aug-2011
Sep-2011
Oct-2011
Nov-2011
Dec-2011
Jan-2012
Feb-2012
Mar-2012
Apr-2012

14.0%

Sales

Tax

Total