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EXPERIMENT No.

: 01

SINGLE PHASE FULL WAVE


CONTROLLED RECTIFIER
Name: Rajendra Kaswa
DATE:12/01/2015
ROLL No. 12EEE075

AIM: To simulate single phase full wave controlled


rectifier for resistive load, R-L load and R-L load
with freewheeling diode.

APPARATUS REQUIRED: ac voltage source,


thyristors, pulse generator, resistance, inductance,
freewheeling diode and multimeter.

THEORY:

Phase controlled AC-DC converters employing


thyristor are extensively used for changing constant ac input
voltage to controlled dc output voltage. In phase controlled
rectifiers, a thyristor is tuned off as AC supply voltage reverse
biases it, provided anode current has fallen to level below the
holding current. Controlled rectifiers have a wide range of
applications, from small rectifiers to large high voltage direct
current (HVDC) transmission systems. They are used for
electrochemical processes, many kinds of motor drives, traction
equipment, controlled power supplies, and many other
applications.,

Freewheeling operation takes place without allowing the bridge


output voltage to become negative. Once of the types of
controlled rectifier is fully controlled and semiconductor rectifier.
A fully-controlled circuit contains only thyristers (semiconductor
controlled rectifiers (SCR)), whereas a semi-controlled rectifier
circuit is made up of both SCR and diodes Due to presence of
diodes

(1).Resistive load:Circuit diagram

WAVEFORM: input voltage Vs time

Voltege Vs Time

source voltage(volts)

100
50
0
-50
-100
0

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06
time(sec)

WAVEFORM: load voltage Vs time

Voltage Vs Time

lo
a
dv
o
lta
g
e
(v
o
lts
)

100
50
0
0

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

time(sec)

WAVEFORM: current Vs time


current Vs time

1
loadcurrent(amp)

0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

0.01

(2).with R-L load:

Circuit diagram:

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

time(sec)

WAVEFORM: INPUT VOLTAGE Vs TIME


input voltage Vs time

source voltage(volts)

100
50
0
-50
-100
0

0.005

0.01

0.015

0.02

0.025

0.03

0.035

0.04

0.045
time(sec) 0.05

WAVEFORM: load voltage Vs time


voltage Vs time
100

loadvoltage(volts)

50
0
-50
-100
0

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

time(sec)

0.06

WAVEFORM: current Vs time

current Vs time
10

load current(amp)

8
6
4
2
0
0

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

time(sec)

(3).R-L load with freewheeling diode


Circuit diagram:

WAVEFORM: source voltage Vs time


voltage Vs time
100

sourcevoltage(volts)

50
0
-50
-100
0

0.01

0.02

0.03
time(sec)

0.04

0.05

0.06

WAVEFORM: load voltage Vs time


voltage Vs time

load voltage(volts)

100
80
60
40
20
0
0

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.09

0.1

time(sec)

WAVEFORM: current Vs time

current Vs time
8
7

loadcurrent(amps)

6
5
4
3
2
1
0

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.09

time(sec)

0.1

RESULTS- The simulation was successfully simulated and


results were in matched with actual results.

CONCLUSIONSa) For resistive loads, a proper rectified DC output voltage is


obtained.
b) For R-L loads, output voltage is negative for an amount of time
due to the current flow because of energy stored in the inductive
load.
c) For the same R-L load but with a freewheeling diode, the small
negative voltage is zero because the diode provides a path for
inductor to dump its energy in the resistor.
d) For all 3 cases current is always positive because thyristors do
not conduct in the reverse or negative direction.