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Brass A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players 5 . 5 : 2 Soft Touch 16 Soft Touch This exercise should be performed as sofily as a clean articulation can be achieved to promote a soft, clear articulation right from the beginning of the day. Remember: Tension kills tone! Playing softly is not holding air back. Rather, it is blowing air slowly. Relax in all registers to stay resonant on every note. Tips and Suggestions Try wind patterning this exercise first. Use your hand to monitor the quality of your air movement and timing. Always perform this exercise staccato. Take time to direct your attention to your cars by imagining the perfect staccato from other instruments like an oboe, muted trumpet or xylophone. Do this imagination exercise before cach scale is performed. Choose different keys every day and vary the type of scales to stay fluent in your harmonic knowledge. Do at least two to three different scales each workout. Perform this exercise as soft as controllable. Remember the LAW OF ACCOMMODATION as you improve. If you are comfortable at your present dynamic, try to go softer. Wind pattern this exercise to promote ease of air delivery. The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Bras Players SKTATATTMARTTATRATRATDAUTRAURDADVVTATVATAAADRAUWAUUARTWE 7S KKK www www wr rrr wr rrr rrr o wow wrnwewe @® CD TRACKS 3-5 soe" J= 50-70 Use these types of scales as a starting point for working out your ears beyond major scales. Choose different keys and types of scales every day! “Natural Minor (ete) “Harmonie Minoc" Melodie Minor” Diminished” (whole stp fest) ete) "Whole Tone” Euphoniam § yonoy, ufos u Beautiful Sounds x Beautiful Sounds Inspired by our teacher, Arnold Jacobs, this Beautiful Sound exercise promotes the smoothest possible air movement while using your most beautiful tone. Use variable dynamics and tempos to access greater facility with a sustained and steady airflow at slower tempos and smooth movement through the phrase in all registers at faster tempos. This exercise is your model for achievement in sound. Tips and Suggestions Before any line in this sequence, it is advisable to sing, buzz on a mouthpiece, buzz on a rim, or WIND PATTERN this musical phrase. * Wind patterning each line prior to playing it promotes smooth, legato sound when the line is performed. * Ease is the key to beautiful sound — large volumes of air, small amount of body effort. * Imagine your favorite musical sound to make music more easily. * Try to improve on every line of the exercise. * This is a “4 in, 8 out with a quick breath and 8 out” wind pattern in sound. Practice your breathing form on this pattern to increase your achievement in tone. Quick breathing coordination will be necessary to access ease and beauty on this phrase. * Play this exercise much slower by doubling the length of the notes to quarter and double whole notes. This will provide a challenging environment for the study of sustain. 1.Singthe 2.Buzzona 3. Buzzon 4. Wind 5. Play the Phrase mouthpiece arim Pattern phrase ‘The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players TPKRPAAAATAT TTT HTT TT TE TATTTLTTTTATVITLATAETATALU » > > > » » > » » » » » » » » » » » » » » » » , , , , , , , , , ' ' (>) CD TRACK 16 @® CD TRACK 17 [Drone] J=72-88 oO , o (ee ord bear beats) Gor 4 beat breath) &S s S s © &. Ss ~ aw $ s Ss & (ord beat breath) simile Euphonium § 31 SRRSEEEHSTSETUTUCLLEEEEEEEEELELELELELEEELELLLAG \ i. i 2 The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players spunos jnfunvag Beautiful Sounds B Exphonium & Tongue Coordination 2 Tongue Coordination The pursuit for technique at high velocity requires tongue coordination. This starts with single tonguing. Increasing single tongue coordination is a progressive activity that requires a lot of patience! It is a skill that improves slowly in small increments and only gets better with consistent practice. Increased coordination has the obvious benefit of improving quick articulated passages. The added benefit of this coordination journey is highly improved clarity on articulations at much slower speeds! Tips and Suggestions This exercise should be practiced using three styles of articulation: staccato, marcato and legato. Choose different keys every day and vary the types of scales to stay fluent in your harmonic knowledge. Perform this exercise three times: Ist time —mp 2nd time — mf. 3rd time — f WIND PATTERN this exercise with attention on moving air through beats 3 and 4. Use a quick breath after the two eighth notes in each bar. Practice this as a wind pattern. Further improve coordination by working on quick breath exercises. ‘The quickest and cleanest technique comes from excellent air. Use the articulation, tOH, rather than Toh. Remember the LAW OF ACCOMMODATION! Start slowly and increase speed in small increments no larger than 4 bpm. Once tempos above 1=136 are attained cleanly, decrease the increment of change to a 2 bpm increase. WIND PATTERN this exercise. ‘The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players PRTARTTETPAETAETAETAETAETETETETEREEEEEREREHEREEE RS (>) CD TRACKS 8 - 13 "Major" = 100-172 adddedaded uolpuIp1oo7y ansuoy sdedddeesedods wuwuauneesea® feted “Harmonie Minor” FS eee a] ete € 55-5 FRR SS Ee! Sad ddoddcastccd-uauuuaauauuausl ipppoppeppeoree MrenPrERPererE | “Molde Minor” (ete) ‘tsp sasneuanoal lepers pperepprl errrmerrrnetlepseeses soppre: "Diminished" (whole step first) “Whole Tone’ piitole = Euphonium & 2 Brruummmm! Brruummmm! This extremely quick slurred exercise works to develop confident fingers and slurred technique at high velocity. Daily execution will teach you to think and move ever quicker and will give you confidence when you encounter difficult technical passages. Smooth, even airflow is the key to success on this exercise! Tips and Suggestions The reference tempo (tempo of the day) for these patterns is your current personal tempo for a series of clean single tongued sixteenth notes (See “Tongue Coordination” on page 22) * Be sure to have confident fingers. * WIND PATTERN this exercise to promote sustained airflow while moving your valves quickly. * Iris more important to move at speed and allow the detail to become clearer via repetition than it is to slow practice this exercise * Variable dynamics are suggested. * Make up your own patterns to keep this part of the workout fresh and creative * Relax your fingers and your arms ~ a lack of tension in these limbs is necessary to access excellent technique. Relax to increase finger speed. ‘The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players PREP RRHRRHRRRARHRRRRHRHRHRAOKRRHR ARORA MABAARHAARLE >) CD TRACKS 18 - 21 Reference the tempo of your clean sixteenth note single tonguing for an appropriate tempo for this exercise. (See “Tongue Coordination” on page 22) Key Cycle: B’ B AD’ G BEADGCF ‘Tiy these scale variations to challenge your fingering finesse and stay harmonically fit! “one §- Lydian” (4) (ee) PS One 5 Minor” 3) (epecify which type of minor for extended patterns) (ee) Buphoninm & 38 [UU Brruummmm! 36 The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Bras Players PPR ORR RRHRHRAAAHAHAAAEA AEE EHERAAORAEEETEEEEE Brruummmm! 2 Euphonium & BRESESBEEBSERBESTSSESDSO SSS SSS OSD SREP DBD DDT: The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brast Players 38 j UUW NAA Brruummmm! Euphonium & 38 PERE RRRERER ERE EE EEE REREREETEEEEEEEE EEE HESS ‘The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players 0 [UUW NLL Brruummmm! Exphonium § 1 Brruummmmil! in Sixteenth Notes Brruummmm! in Sixteenth Notes These exercises are the same patterns as Brruummmu! except this is another single tonguing coordination exercise. Finger and tongue coordination is the goal. Strive for a smooth airflow while engaging just enough tongue to make each articulation clear. The faster the tempo the more light the tongue should be. Tips and Suggestions The reference tempo for these patterns is your current personal tempo for a series of clean single tongued sixteenth notes. (See “Tongue Coordination” on page 22) Be sure to have confident fingers WIND PATTERN this exercise to promote sustained airflow while moving your valves quickly. Stay relaxed. Avoid getting too excited which results in over tonguing. If difficulty arises as the pattern goes along, alternate tonguing and slurring on each line. Variable dynamics are suggested Make up your own patterns to keep this part of the workout fresh and creative. Relax your fingers and your arms ~ a lack of tension in these limbs is necessary to access excellent technique. Relax at speed! 42. The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brast Players SHAARARARARARARARARRARAARRARARRETSRTRETARARRARTAARE weve seseevsesesssvews » ’ ’ , » » » » ’ » , ’ , » » » ’ ’ ’ » ’ , » ’ @ CD TRACKS 22 - 27 Key Cycle: B’ B AbD’ G? BEAD GCF sone s* Try these scale variations to challenge your fingering finesse and stay harmonically fit! "One 5 Diminished” (63,65) (whole step first) _ co) PS ones ~ ole Tone™ (4,5) ° (ete) Euphonium & 43 SIJONT YIUIIINIG Ul FULL eee ee ew ee we ww we ew ee ee eh ww www wee www wee ew ww a PNP “Two Saad 9 S FES. SIJONT YIUIIIXIG ul [UUW ‘The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players “4 Brruummmmi! in Sixteenth Notes The 53° 6 Exphonium § 2 tres ‘Six Set 46 The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players SIJONT YIUIIIXIG Ul [UUW TAA Brruummmmil in Sixteenth Notes a Euphoniam & 595" PECEELEELERLE LEBEL ELLE ERED ERERERERDEEESEEEEEEEES Thee Sand 2 9° The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players uh SIION] YIUIIIXIY Ul (MUU NAG 48 Brruummmmi! in Sixteenth Notes Exphonium & 49 Old School Flexes 6 Old School Flexes Flexibility exercises are crucial to a daily workout to encourage fluidity on your instrument. Often, players avoid this type of workout because they have determined that flexibility exercises wear them out creating tired, ineffective chops. This situation CAN occur, which isa result of extra muscular efforts. Flexibilities must be executed These exercises are not an overly muscular event, but rather FLOW exercises with slurred technique. with great cas Begin the study of these exercises slowly. The achievement headline is smoothness. When smoothness has been achieved, gradually increase the velocity. As in the Tongue Coordination exercises, do not increase the tempo until mastery is achieved at each tempo. As the fingering combinations lower throughout cach exercise make sure smoothness is always addressed. Tips and Suggestions Muscular fatigue in your embouchure is an indication of poor breathing form rather than a lack of stamina. Put your thoughts on airflow and RELAX! * Check your ears by singing each exercise accurately. * HALF VALVE each exercise to ensure airflow is smooth and tension free. + Practice these exercises using a varied range of dynamics. * Perform these exercises as smoothly and cleanly as possible. * Relax! Using smooth airflow and listening carefully will produce excellence in flexibility! * There are two ways to perform these exercises in the group workout setting. * Alternate your workout routine daily between Old School Flexes and Lip Flips. * Try this simplified version of the exercise to adjust to new tempos. 1. Perform these exercises in unison. When the lowest fingered overtone series (all fingers down) is reached, simply flip up to the open series. 2. Perform these exercises with each player working through the exercise from their shortest bugle to their longest. (ic. B’ instruments start on BY series, C instruments start on C series, F instruments start on F series, etc.) This method will produce a pitch cluster which creates a group intonation guide throughout the exercises. ‘The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players Old School Flexes ® CD TRACKS 31- 35 From the Root’ Prom the Third Euphonium § $2 Old School Flexes From the Fifth Stamm Legato" The Brase Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players DBAMBADDADAADARADRAADAARBRARABRRRARARRARARARARARARHRARAARRABEAD “Remington's Moguls” i Exphonium & S9XPPT 100498 PIO Old School Flexes "Flex Flowin ©” J,=60- 492 Flex Flow in BY ‘The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workous for Brass Players eer arr oer eeee tee eee eee eee aeeaaaaaaaad Old School Flexes "Flex Flow in A" Exphonium § TL Old School Flexes R Flex Flow in FA "lex Flow in ‘The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Bras Players SRBAAMTARRTRARAAAADRARARAARATTTTTTRLARARATMATRAIVMARAWWMA “Flex Flow in “Flex Flow in DY oa Euphonium § 73 SAXIJ J 100498 PIO Old School Flexes a "Flex Flow in C* (these Flex Flows reverse the slr direction) Spf "Flex Flowin Be ‘The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Bras Players LTTLATTT TATA T ATTA AAA TATA ARAAAAA AA AtAtAataaae Old School Flexes Flex Flow in A" “Hex Flow in Ab “Flex Flow in * B Euphonium § Old School Flexes 6 Flex Flow in FP PPPS “Flex Flow ia F" ‘The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players fem RH HEHEHE HEHHAHEAAEAEAERARAARAARAARDARARA ‘Flex Flow in > *Flex Flow ia DY Exphonium & TD SAXIJ 4 100428 PIO Lip Flips 0 Lip Flips Lip Flips are another form of flexibility exercise. These exercises are the seeds of case in flexibility. Achievement in this chapter will help to produce fluid, even lip slurs and will develop into a fine lip trill with practice. Remember the LAW OF ACCOMMODATION! As each tempo becomes easy — slowly increase the speed. Push yourself to new limits of velocity without tension. The first eight exercises presented are shortened. They represent the common bugles across the most common keys of brass instruments. ( B’, E’, F and C) These are suit- able for performing in unison in a group setting. Their abbreviated nature makes air management for these exercises easier. Achieve excellence on these exercises first. As your ability increases, proceed to the full Lip Flips. These exercises (starting on page 86) visit the entire overtone series. The length of these Lip Flips will require quick breathing coordination for air management! The Brass Gym A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players TIEVDPEBTBEBPABETARLTTVTAETDIBDIRATETAIRAETTRTERTTLTVPRVABRVWAARBD Tips and Suggestions Do not increase the tempo until smoothness is achieved. Muscular fatigue in your embouchure is an indication of poor breathing form rather than a lack of stamina. Put your thoughts on airflow and RELAX! Check your ears by singing each exercise accurately. Half valve each exercise to ensure airflow is smooth and tension free. Practice these exercises using a varied range of dynamics Relax! Using smooth airflow listening carefully will produce excellence in flexibility. Alternate your workout routine daily between Old School Flexes and Lip Flips. ‘Try this simplified version of the exercise to adjust to new tempos. aA ie) Flipping is Fun! Euphonium & 1 WT si 81 Lip Flips () CD TRACK 36 ‘Majoe Tiea™ pst The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players TAAATATRAUTDAATRALATRATRALATAARADRARARARADAARADATARAABWA @® CD TRACK 37 [ALTERNATE VERSION] Perfect Furth - Law Perec Fill - Low" sdygy dy Euphonium & $8 Lip Flips Peet Fourth High —— " Z Perec ith High” oo™~ The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players RR RR RR RR RRA mma RAAAAAATAAATADAAARAWMERRAWRN ipereterers tidenrienesieterioiter @® CD TRACK 38 Euphonium & $5 "Major Thi Ps Lip Flips 86 The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players DAUAVAARAITDAUDAATATRAABAARBDATRATRTRULAADARTATVRARRBABDARBARRDBIADD a Minor Thi ad Euphonium & Lip Flips 38 Perfect Fourth = ‘The Brass Gym A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players AAARAAAARAAAAARADRARARAARAARARARARARAARADRAAARATARAAAR sdijq dT Euphonium & 89 Lip Flips “Major Six" The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brace Players TDEDUIVDIABABIBRABDATABVAITAIRTTRAERARRRATRARRAADRATRAUNRNA Minor Sith? a Euphonium & Lip Flips wOtave 4. oN The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players QDAVTATTAIVDARAAUTAUBARADATVVDDADDADDAUDRARRARADADDRDDABBRABBBAA "Perfect Fourth High” ~ gy 4 aN BS (aes be tote tot Ex Poteet otto te tele ie eh peer oS = =e 3 Euphonium § 93 sdyy dy “Perfect Fifth Lip Flips 94 The Brass Gym ~ A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players PUTT TTTUUTTTTATATTTTTTTTTTUTTUTVTTTLULLLLAL ‘Whole Sop” PS iebee ripiine leet teint ceili Euphonium & sdiygq Wy s PELL ELEL ELE RERLELELELELULUUULLUTUUEEELETEEEEEE ( \ ~ ‘The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players %6 "Eleventh Exphonium & 92 sdyqy WT Lip Flips 8 “Teel The Brass Gym — A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players DIVBTVDADAITBATDAUAAAADAATARADATAARATATDADAARRADAADBADBD Lip Flips / "Thien 9 Exphoniam § Pasroune Zo Lip Flips pst ba 100 The Bras: Gym —A Comprehensive Daily Workout for Brass Players DARDTAIRATUVAURARARARAVDARADRARADVDDUADADDADUBBADAD