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Rio carnival

The Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro is a world famous festival held before Lent every year and
considered the biggest carnival in the world with two million people per day on the streets.
The first festivals of Rio date back to 1723.
A 'Samba Queen' at the Sambadrome.
The typical Rio carnival parade is filled with revelers, floats and adornments from
numerous samba schools which are located in Rio. A samba school is composed of a
collaboration of local neighbours that want to attend carnival together, with some kind of
regional, geographical common background.
There is a special order that every school has to follow with their parade entries. Each
school begins with the "comisso de frente" , that is the "wing" or group of people from the
school that appear first. Made up of ten to fifteen people, the "comisso de frente"
introduces to the school and sets the mood and style of their presentation. These people
have choreographed dances in fancy costumes that usually tell a short story.
In 1984 the government decided to give to the Rio Carnival its new home in the
Sambadrome. Today, some of the most famous events of Rio Carnival are ticketed events.
There are different types of Sambodromo tickets that are available for purchase. the
tourists are located in the Sector 9, sector which are the same as grandstand tickets, with
the difference being that they are allocated so people coming from outside.
the Carnival tickets prices can vary from US$ 55 to US$ 3000, depending on the ticket
type, sector and season. The cheapest sectors are 12 and 13. Tickets can be bought in
advance through international brokers, or through local travel agents in Rio de Janeiro.
The Carnival in Rio De Janeiro, one of the best-known parties in the world, is also the
largest carnival celebration in the world. Its filled with music, parades, drinking and people
having fun. The carnival, a national holiday in Brazil, runs from Friday night to midday of
the following Wednesday. Thats the official length, but many Brazilians turn it into a 10-day
holiday. It brings in about half a million foreign tourists each year.
The carnival can trace its roots back to an ancient Greek festival held each spring to honor
Dionysus, the god of wine. The Romans adopted the festival to honor two of their gods,
Bacchanalia and Saturnalia. During the Roman festival, slaves and masters would
exchange clothes and spend the day in drunken revelry.

In the mid-19th century, Jose Nogueira de Azevedo was a shoemaker who marched
through the streets on Carnival Monday playing drums, tambourines and whistles. He
welcomed anyone who wanted to join in his march. This eventually became Ze Pereira.
The Grandes Sociedades debuted in 1855 as a parade for aristocrats. About 80 members
of the upper class, including the emperor, would wear masks and elaborate costumes and
parades through town to the beat of music. In 1870, characters were introduced to the
festivities, who would perform according to the costume they were given; other participants
began to wear oversized papier-mache masks.
Early 20th Century
The parade of floats in today's Carnival celebration began as an event called Corso in
1907. At that time, it was a parade of cars, a relatively new invention at the time, through
the the city. Parade watchers brought streamers and confetti to throw. Another portion of
the modern Carnival is the Ranchos Carnavalescos, which began in 1872 but became
popular in 1911. In a Ranchos Carnavalescos, participants dressed up in costumes and
performed during the parade accompanied by music played by musicians. Their popularity
grew as each Ranchos Carnvalesco competed with the others to become more elaborate
and entertaining. They are now one of the most popular parts of Carnival. The only time
the parades were halted was during WWII, but they resumed in 1947.
The samba, which is the primary music of Rios Carnival, was born at Rio. The samba is a
ritual Candomble dance to drums and handclaps. At the end of the 19th Century, Tia Ciata,
a Candomble priestess, used to have meetings in her home where live music was played
while, in the backyard, others danced the samba. The two musical beats eventually
combined to form what we call the samba today. The first song that was called a samba
was composed in Tia Ciatas house.