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Course Objectives:

To prepare mathematical background for communication signal analysis.

To understand and analyze the signal flow in a digital communication system.

To analyze error performance of a digital communication system in presence of noise and

other interferences.

To understand concept of spread spectrum communication system.

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

Analyze the performance of a baseband and pass band digital communication system in

terms of error rate and spectral efficiency.

Perform the time and frequency domain analysis of the signals in a digital

communication system.

Select the blocks in a design of digital communication system.

Analyze Performance of spread spectrum communication system.

PEO I: Preparation.

POs: a,c,d, e, k

PEO II: Core competency.

PEO III: Breadth

8L

transformations, Basic Digital Communication Nomenclature. Digital Versus Analog

Performance Criteria, Sampling Process, PCM Generation and Reconstruction, Quantization

Noise,Non-uniform Quantization and Companding, PCM with noise: Decoding noise, Error

threshold, Delta Modulation, Adaptive Delta Modulation, Delta Sigma Modulation, Differential

Pulse Code Modulation, LPC speech synthesis.

7L

Digital Multiplexing: Multiplexers and hierarchies, Data Multiplexers.Data formats and their

spectra, synchronization: BitSynchronization, Scramblers, Frame Synchronization.Inter-symbol

interference, Equalization.

8L

Correlation &Covariance function, Ergodic processes, Transmission of a random process

through a LTI filter, Power spectral density, Gaussian process, noise, Narrow band noise,

Representation of narrowband noise in terms of in phase & quadrature components

8L

Detection Theory: MAP, LRT, Minimum Error Test, Error Probability, Signal space

representation : Geometric representation of signal, Conversion of continuous AWGN channel to

vector channel, Likelihood functions, Coherent Detection of binary signals in presence of noise,

Optimum Filter, Matched Filter, Probability of Error of Matched Filter, Correlation receiver.

8L

Pass band transmission model, Signal space diagram, Generation and detection, Error

Probabilityderivationand Power spectra of coherent BPSK, BFSK and QPSK.Geometric

representation, Generation and detection of - M-ary PSK, M-ary QAM and their error

probability, Generation and detection of -Minimum Shift Keying, Gaussian MSK, Non-coherent

BFSK, DPSK and DEPSK, Introduction to OFDM

7L

Introduction, Pseudo noise sequences, A notion of spread spectrum, Direct sequence spread

spectrum with coherent BPSK, Signal space dimensionality & processing gain, Probability of

error, Concept of jamming, Frequency hop spread spectrum, Wireless Telephone Systems,

Personal Communication System.

Text Books

1. Simon Haykin, Digital Communication Systems, John Wiley&Sons, Fourth Edition.

2. A.B Carlson, P B Crully, J C Rutledge, Communication Systems, Fourth Edition,

McGraw Hill Publication.

Reference Books

1. P Ramkrishna Rao, Digital Communication, McGrawHill Publication

2. Ha Nguyen, Ed Shwedyk, A First Course in Digital Communication, Cambridge

University Press.

3. B P Lathi, Zhi Ding Modern Analog and Digital Communication System, Oxford

University Press, Fourth Edition.

4. Bernard Sklar,Prabitra Kumar Ray, Digital Communications Fundamentals and

Applications Second Edition,Pearson Education

5. Taub, Schilling, Principles of Communication System, Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill.

Course Objectives:

1.

2.

3.

4.

To introduce students with transforms for analysis of Discrete time signals and systems.

To understand the digital signal processing, sampling and aliasing

To use and understand implementation of digital filters.

To understand concept of sampling rate conversion and DSP processor architecture.

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

1. The student will be in position to understand use of different transforms and analyze the

discrete time signals and systems.

2. The student will realize the use of LTI filters for filtering different real world signals.

3. The student will be capable of calibrating and resolving different frequencies existing in

any signal.

4. The student will be in a position to design and implement multistage sampling rate

converter.

PEO I: Preparation

POs: 1,2,4

POs: 2,5,6

POs: 3,5

PEO V : Learning

6L

Sampling, DT signals, sampling theorem in time domain, sampling of analog signals, recovery of

analog signals, and analytical treatment with examples, mapping between analog frequencies to

digital frequency, representation of signals as vectors, concept of Basis function and

orthogonality. Basic elements of DSP and its requirements, advantages of Digital over Analog

signal processing.

8L

DTFT, Definition, Frequency domain sampling , DFT, Properties of DFT, circular convolution,

linear convolution, Computation of linear convolution using circular convolution, FFT,

decimation in time and decimation in frequency using Radix-2 FFT algorithm, Linear filtering

using overlap add and overlap save method, Introduction to Discrete Cosine Transform.

6L

Need for transform, relation between Laplace transform and Z transform, between Fourier

transform and Z transform, Properties of ROC and properties of Z transform, Relation between

pole locations and time domain behavior, causality and stability considerations for LTI systems,

Inverse Z transform, Power series method, partial fraction expansion method, Solution of

difference equations.

8L

Concept of analog filter design (required for digital filter design), Design of IIR filters from

analog filters, IIR filter design by approximation of derivatives, , IIR filter design by impulse

invariance method, Bilinear transformation method, warping effect. Characteristics of

Butterworth filters, Chebyshev filters and elliptic filters, Butterworth filter design, IIR filter

realization using direct form, cascade form and parallel form, Finite word length effect in IIR

filter design

6L

comparison of different window functions, Design of linear phase FIR filter using windows and

frequency sampling method. FIR filters realization using direct form, cascade form and lattice

form, Finite word length effect in FIR filter design

6L

Concept of Multirate DSP, Sampling rate conversion by a non-integer factor, Design of two

stage sampling rate converter, General Architecture of DSP, Case Study of TMS320C67XX,

Introduction to Code composer studio. Application of DSP to Voice Processing, Music

Text Books

3. John G. Proakis, Dimitris G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principles,

algorithms and applications Fourth edition, Pearson Prentice Hall.

4. S. Salivahanan, C. Gnanpriya, Digital Signal processing, McGraw Hill

Reference Books

1.

2.

3.

4.

Ifaeachor E.C, , Jervis B. W., Digital Signal processing : Practical approach, Pearson

publication

Dr. Shaila Apte, Digital Signal Processing Wiley India Publication, second edition

K.A. Navas, R. Jayadevan, Lab Primer through MATLAB, PHI

Li Tan, Jean Jiang, Digital Signal Processing : Fundamentals and applications

Academic press,

Course Objectives:

To understand need of microcontrollers in embedded system.

To understand architecture and features of typical Microcontroller.

To learn interfacing of real world input and output devices

To study various hardware and software tools for developing applications

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

Learn use of hardware and software tools

Develop interfacing to real world devices

PEO I: Preparation.

PEO II: Core competency.

PEO III: Breadth.

8 bit Microprocessor & Microcontroller architecture ,comparison, advantages & applications

of each.Harward & Von Neumann architecture,RISC & CISC comparison . Survey of 8 bit

controllers and its features

Definition of embedded system & its characteristics. Role of microcontroller in embedded

System. Limitation of 8 bit microcontrollers. Study of RS232,RS 485,I2C,SPI protocols.

Software & hardware tools for development of microcontroller based system such as

assembler, compiler, ID, Emulators,debugger,programmer,development board,DSO,

Logic Analyzer,

MCS-51 architecture, family devices & its derivatives. Port architecture, memory organization,

Interrupt structure, timers and its modes & serial communication and modes. Overview of

Instruction set.

Unit III :

PIC 10,PIC12,PIC16 ,PIC18 series architectures ,comparison ,features & selection as per

application. PIC18f architecture, registers, memory Organization & types,stack,oscillator

options,BOD,power down modes & configuration bit settings. Brief summary of Peripheral

support Overview of instruction set, MPLAB IDE & C18 Compiler

Port structure, interrupt structure & timers of PIC18F. Interfacing of switches.LED,LCD,

Keypad, use of timers With interrupts, PWM generation. All programs in embedded C.

Unit V :

and EEPROM with SPI. All programs in embedded C.

1 Design of DAS system

2 Design of frequency counter with display on LCD

3 Design of Digital Multimeter

4 Design of DC Motor control using PWM

Should cover necessary signal conditioning of input stage ,hardware interfacing with PIC

Microcontroller and algorithm or flowchart.

Text Books

1. Mazidi, 8051 microcontroller & embedded system 3rd Edition ,Pearson

2. Mazidi, PIC microcontroller & embedded system 3rd Edition ,Pearson

Reference Books

1. 18F xxx reference manual www.MICROCHIP.COM

2. I2C,EEPROM,RTC data sheets from www.ti.com

Course Objectives:

To understand Maxwells Equation and apply to the basic electromagnetic problem.

To interpret the given problem, and solve it using Maxwells equations.

To analyze boundary conditions, and understand the field at the interface of two

different media.

To analyze time varying electric and magnetic fields, wave propagation in different

types of media.

To understand transmission line fundamentals and apply them to the basic problem.

Tounderstand the fundamentals of electromagnetic theory and transmission lines.

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

Interpret the electromagnetic problem and solve using Maxwells equations.

Apply boundary conditions to different media, and formulate uniform plane wave

equation, which is the basic of Antenna and wave propagation.

Analyze the transmission line problem, use the Smith chart for impedance

calculations

PEO I: Preparation.

POs:

a, c, e, f, k

PEO III: Breadth.

6L

Coulombs Law & Electric Field Intensity, Electric Field due to point charge, line charge and

surface charge distributions,Electric Flux Density, Gausss Law and its Application to

differential volume element, divergence, divergence theorem. Electric potential, Relationship

between E & V, Potential Gradient.An electric dipole and flux lines.

6L

capacitors with multiple di-electrics,Boundary conditions,Poission's and Laplace's equation,

General procedures for Solving Poission's and Laplace'sequations.

6L

Biot-Savarts Law, Amperes Circuital Law and its Applications, magnetic flux density,

Magnetic Scalar and vectors potentials, Derivations of Biot-savarts law and Amperes law

based on Magnetic Potential, Forces due to magnetic field, magnetic dipole,Classification of

Magnetic Materials, Magnetic boundary conditions.

6L

Faradays law, Displacement current, Maxwells equations in point form and integral form,

Power and Poynting theorem, Boundary conditionsfor time varying field,Retarded magnetic

vector potential, Time harmonic field, Introduction to the concept of Uniform Plane Wave and

Helmholtz equation.

6L

Line parameters, inductance of a line of two parallel round conductors, coaxial line, skin

effect, A line of cascaded T sections, general solution, physical significance of the equations;

the infinite line, wavelength, velocity of propagation, the distortion less line,Inductance

loading of telephone cables,Reflection on a line not terminated in Z0, reflection coefficient,

open and short circuited lines, reflection factor and reflection loss, T and sections equivalent

to lines.

6L

Voltages and currents on the dissipation less line, standing waves; nodes; standing wave ratio,

Input impedance of dissipation less line, Input impedance of open- and short-circuited lines,

Power and impedance measurement on lines, Reflection losses on the unmatched line,

quarter-wave line; impedance matching, Single-stub impedance matching on a line, The

circle diagram for the dissipation less line, Application of the circle diagram, The Smith circle

diagram, Application of the Smith chart for calculating impedance and admittance.

Text Books:

1. Matthew N.O. Sadiku ,Principles of Electromagnetics, , 4th Edition, Oxford

University Press, 2009.

2. J. D. Ryder, Networks, Lines and Fields, 2nd Edition, PHI.

Reference Books:

1. Edminister J.A, Electromagnetics, Tata McGraw-Hill.

2. Hayt& Buck, Engineering Electromagnetics, 7th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill.

3. Kraus/Fleisch, Electromagnetics with applications, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill.

Electromagnetics

(Tutorial Assignments)

Tutorials must be conducted batch wise. Batch size should not be more than 20 students.

The main objective of this tutorial is to focus on the outcomes defined in the theory syllabus by

solving the following assignments/problems based on paper work. 12 assignments have to be

carried out covering entire syllabus.

Find the Electric field intensity and electric flux density at a given point due to following

charge distributions. (In all coordinate systems)

1) Point charges

2) Line charges (finite and infinite)

3) Surface charges (finite and infinite)

4) Mixed charges ( Point charge, Line charge, Surface charge)

Find the Electric potential due to different charge distributions (Point charge, Line

charge, Surface charge), in different coordinate systems.

Application of Gausss law.

1) Given v (volume charge density) in a particular region, find D (electric flux

density) using Gausss Law at the given location.

2) Given s (surface charge density), find D (electric flux density) using Gausss

Law at the given location.

3) Given D ( electric flux density), find total charge enclosed by the surface(Q), v

(volume charge density) using Gausss Law.(In all coordinate systems)

4) Given D (electric flux density), prove both sides of Divergences Theorem.

Given v (volume charge density), and the region with reference potential, find the

potential in a given region, using Poissons equation.

Using Laplaces equation, find capacitance between any two surfaces, if the boundary

conditions are given.

Find the electrostatic fields (Tangential and Normal) at the boundary between,

1) Free space and dielectric medium

2) Free space and conductor

3) dielectric medium and conductor

4) Two dielectric media.

5) Two dielectric media when boundary is defined by a equation of plane.

Find the capacitance of,

1) Parallel plate capacitor with multiple dielectric layers.

2) Spherical capacitor with multiple dielectric layers

3) Cylindrical capacitor with multiple dielectric layers,

Also find the total Energy stored within the region for all above mentioned capacitor.

Find H (Magnetic field intensity) and B (Magnetic flux density) at a given point due to,

1) Infinitely long current carrying conductor

2) Finite current carrying conductor

3) Infinite conducting surface

4) Finite conducting surface

5) Different current carrying configurations (i.e. thin conductor, surface all together)

For the following current carrying configurations, find the H (Magnetic field intensity)

in a given region (or point) using Amperes circuital law.

1) Infinitely long current carrying conductor

2) Infinite cylindrical surfaces of different radii all centered at the same axis.

3) Spherical surfaces of different radii all centered at a given point.

Given the H (Magnetic field intensity) of a particular region, find current (I), current

density ( J ), enclosed by the given surface. (In all coordinate systems)

Prove both sides of Stokes theorem when H (Magnetic field intensity) is given in

Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical coordinate system separately.

Find the static magnetic fields(Tangential and Normal) at the boundary between,

1) Two different magnetic media with nonzero surface current density( K )

2) Two different magnetic media with zero surface current density( K )

3) Two different magnetic media when boundary is defined by a equation of plane.

Given H (or E ) and the region properties(like , , etc.), find B,D and E (or H )

using Maxwells equations. (In all coordinate systems)

Given H (or E ) and the region properties(like , , , ), the average power density in

W/m2 , Total power crossing the given surface in watts using Poynting Theorem (In all

coordinate systems)

Given the primary constants (R, L, G, C) along with the generator specifications and

termination, find secondary constants ( , , , Z0 ) and other parameters like velocity,

wavelength, received voltage, received power, reflection coefficient etc.

Given secondary constants ( , Z0 ), find the primary constants (R, L, G, C) at the given

frequency.

Problems on Transmission Line Analysis.

Problems on Impedance matching and design of stub matching using Smith Chart.

Course Objectives:

To study and understand how the system programming and operating system abstractions

can be implemented.

To develop comprehensive skills to design Assembler, Macro Processor, Compiler and

Interpreters.

To understand the importance of application of linkers, loaders and Software tools in

system programming

To Implement System Programming concepts and Operating systems components

To analyze memory allocation methods, input output devices and file system w. r. t.

various operating system.

To study and implement various process scheduling techniques and dead lock avoidance

schemes in operating system

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course

Demonstrate the knowledge of Systems Programming and Operating Systems

Formulate the Problem and develop the solution for same.

Compare and analyze the different implementation approach of system programming and

operating system abstractions.

Interpret various OS functions used in Linux / Ubuntu

PEO I: Preparation.

POs:

b, c, d, e

PEO III: Breadth.

PEO IV: Professionalism

7L

Fundamentals of language specification, Language processor development tools.

Data structures for language processing: Search data structure, Allocation data structures.

Scanning and parsing

Assembler: Assembly language programming, simple assembly scheme, Pass structure of

7L

Macro Processor: Macro definition and call, macro expansion, Machine Independent macro

processor features, Nested macro calls, advanced macro facilities, Design of macro pre

processor.

Compilers: Basic compilers function, Phases of compilation, memory allocation, compilation of

expression, Compilation of expressions, compilation of control structures, Code of optimization

Interpreters.

6L

Linkers and Loaders: Basic loaders functions, central loaders scheme, absolute loaders,

Subroutine linkers, relocation loader, Direct linking loader, Dynamic linking loader, Design of

absolute loaders and direct linking loader,

Software tools: Software tools for program development, editors, debug monitor, programming

environment, user interfaces.

8L

Operating System: Evolution of OS, OS Functions, Various OS, OS structure, OS System Calls

with example

Process Management: Processes, Inter process communication, Classical IPC problems, Threads,

CPU Scheduling

Deadlocks: System Model, Deadlock Characterization, Deadlock Prevention, Deadlock

Avoidance, Deadlock detection and recovery.

Virtual memory, Demand Paging, Page replacement, Page replacement algorithms Optimal

FIFO, LRU, LRU approximation, Allocation of frames

6L

6L

Input and Output: Review of computer hardware, principles of I/O hardware, and principles of

I/O software, I/O software layers, disks, disk scheduling Algorithms

File System w.r.t. Linux: Files, directories, file system and implementation, File system layout,

implementing files, implementing directories, shared files, disc space management

Text Books

3. D. M. Dhamdhare, Systems Programming and Operating System, TMH.

4. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Modern Operating Systems, Second Edition, PHI.

Reference Books

3. J. J. Donovan, Systems Programming, McGraw Hill.

4. Siberschatz A; Galvin P.B; Gagne G, Operating System Concepts, John Wiley.

5. Leland L. Beck, System Software, Pearson Editions.

Note :

1. Perform any 6 experiments from Group A and any 3 from Group B

2. Group A experiments are to be performed with hardware

3. Group B experiments are to performed using suitable software like Matlab, Octave,

Labview, Scilab etc.

Sr. no.

Group A

1

2

3

4

5

6

Experimental Study of PCM and Companded PCM.

ExperimentalStudy of DM and ADM.

ExperimentalStudy of Pulse shaping, ISI and eye diagram

ExperimentalStudy of Generation &detection of BPSK and QPSK.

ExperimentalStudy of Generation &detection of BFSK.

ExperimentalStudy of line codes (NRZ, RZ, POLAR RZ, BIPOLAR (AMI),

MANCHESTER) & their spectral analysis.

ExperimentalStudy of Detection of digital base band signal in presence of noise.

ExperimentalStudy of Generation of PN Sequence and its spectrum.

ExperimentalStudy of Generation &detection of DS-SS coherent BPSK&itsspectum.

7

8

9

Group B

1

Write a simulation program to implement PCM/ DM/ADM system.

2

3

4

5

6

Write a simulation program to study effect of ISI and noise in baseband communication

system.

Write a simulation program to study Random Processes.

Write a simulation program for calculation and plotting the error probability of BPSK,

QPSK, QAM. Comparison of theoretical and practical BERs.

Write a simulation program for implementation of any digital communication system.

Write a simulation program for Constellation diagram of any passband modulated signal in

presence of noise.

Signal Processing

Instructions:

a) Minimum eight practicals to be performed.

b) Practical number 12 is mandatory.

Note: Practical 1 to 11 can be performed in any appropriate software like C/MATLAB/SCILAB etc.

1. Implement the sampling theorem and aliasing effects by sampling an analog signal with various

sampling frequencies.

2. To study the properties of DFT. Write programs to confirm all DFT properties.

3. To study the circular convolution for calculation of linear convolution and aliasing effect. Take two

sequences of length 4. Write a program to find 4 point circular convolution and compare the result

with 8 point circular convolution to study aliasing in time domain.

4. (a) To find Z and inverse Z transform and pole zero plot of Z-transfer function.

(b) To solve the difference equation and find the system response using Z transform.

5. To plot the poles and zeros of a transfer function when the coefficients of the transfer function are

given, study stability of different transfer functions.

6. To study the effect of different windows on FIR filter response. Pass the filter coefficients designed

in experiment 6 via different windows and see the effect on the filter response.

7. Design Butterworth filter using Bilnear transformation method for LPF and write a program to draw

the frequency response of the filter.

8. To

plot the mapping function used in bilinear transformation method of IIR filter

design.(assignment may be given)

9. Effect of coefficient quantization on the impulse response of the filter using direct form I and II

realization and cascade realization.(theory assignment)

10. Design and implement two stage sampling rate converter.

11. Computation of DCT and IDCT of a discrete time signal and comment on energy compaction

density.

12. To implement at least one of the following operations using DSP Processor

i)

Linear and Circular convolution.

ii)

Low pass filter an audio signal input to DSK with FIR filter.

iii)

Low pass filter an audio signal input to DSK with IIR filter.

iv)

To generate sine wave using lookup table with table values generated within the programme.

List Of Practicals:

1. 1 write a program for interfacing button, LED, relay & buzzer as follows

A. when button 1 is pressed relay and buzzer is turned ON and LEDs start chasing from left

to right

B. when button 2 is pressed relay and buzzer is turned OFF and Led start chasing from right

to left

2. To display message on LCD without using any standard library function

3. Interfacing 4X4 keypad and displaying key pressed on LCD OR on HyperTerminal.

4. Generate square wave using timer with interrupt

5. Interfacing serial port with PC both side communication.

6. Interfacing DS1307 RTC chip using I2C and display date and time on LCD

7. Interfacing EEPROM 24C128 using SPI to store and retrieve data

8. Interface analog voltage 0-5V to internal ADC and display value on LCD

9. Generation of PWM signal for DC Motor control.

10. Observing supply current of PIC18F controller in various power saving mode and by varying

clock frequency.

1. Write C Program to implement Lexical Analyzer for simple arithmetic operation which creates

output tables (Uniform Symbol Table or a. Identifier Table b. Literal Table c. Symbol Table)

2. Design of PASS I of two pass assembler for pseudo machine code.

3. Design of a MACRO PASS-I

4. Implement Job scheduling algorithms: FCFS, SJF

5. Implement Bankers Algorithm for deadlock detection and avoidance

6. Implementation of page replacement algorithm: FIFO / LRU

7. Write an shell scripting on UNIX / LINUX

8. Case Study

a. Android mobile operating system

b. Study of System calls to list files, directories

c. Study of System calls to handles process

d. Basic Linux Commands

Course Objectives:

To teach the student , the art of applying basic concepts for designing electronic systems

To imbibe good design practices for robust design of electronic systems

To highlight the importance and significance of customer specifications/requirements

To teach electronic circuit function verification with an EDA tool

To create an interest in the field of electronic design as a prospective career option

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

Shall be able to select optimal design topologies

Shall be able to interpret datasheets and thus select appropriate components and devices

Shall be able to use an EDA tool for circuit schematic and simulation

Shall be able to design an electronic system/sub-system and validate its performance by

simulating the same

PEO I: Preparation.

PO: c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k

PEO III: Breadth.

6L

Typical specifications, Concept of ideal power supply & Voltage regulation, Rectifier and filter

design, Basic shunt regulator design, Series pass transistorized regulator, Variable output voltage

regulator, Protection circuits for critical devices in regulator circuits (Short-circuit, over-voltage

protection circuits), Heat-sink selection,Three terminal IC regulator, Design examples of IC

based power supplies.

10L

Generalized control system, Concept of set point and error, Typical control mechanisms, Role of

data acquisition system, Transducers, sensor and actuator, Active and passive transducers,

Transfer characteristics and non-linearities of transducers, Resolution, accuracy and precision,

Characteristics of an ideal transducer, Instrumentation Amplifiers(IA), Characteristics of an ideal

IA, Selection criteria of IA, Tradeoffs with practical IA, Signal conditioning circuits, Need of

signal conditioners, Design of signal conditioning circuits, Span-zero circuit, Overview of

Analog to Digital Converters, Types of ADCs, Parameters of ADC devices, Selection criteria for

ADC, Overview of Microcontrollers, Types of microcontrollers, Characteristics of

microcontrollers, Examples of MCU devices, Selection criteria for MCU, Overview of Interface

devices and storage, RS-232 interface, RTC, I2C EEPROM, LCD, Keyboard interface, DC

motor driver, relay driver interface.

8L

Advantages of SMPS, Basic concept of switching regulator, Basic topologies ,Step down

converter, Step up converter, Polarity inverter, Characteristics of components, Switching

element, BJT, MOSFET, IGBT, Switching diode, Filter capacitor and inductor, PWM circuit,

General block diagram of SMPS, High frequency transformer design (steps only),Practical

topologies of SMPS, Flyback design, Pushpull Design, Start up circuit design, PWM control

circuit, Isolation circuit.

4L

Design of various filter types , Low-pass filter (second order),High-pass filter (second order),

Band-pass filter , Band-reject Filter , All-pass filter, State variable filter design, Selection of

components , Sensitivity analysis.

List of Assignments:

[Note:

Paper design should be functionally verified with an appropriate EDA tool (NI

Multisim/OrcadPspiceetc)

Specifications should be different for different group of students

Problem statement

Specifications

Block Diagram

Detailed circuit diagram (separate sheet Imperial /Half Imperial size)

Calculations

Component selection

Calculations using the selected component values

Simulation results (partial simulations , in the case where models are not

available)

Component List

Conclusion

Datasheets]

Dual Polarity (Variable/Fixed, Display)

Dual Polarity (tracking, display)

Note:

Protection circuits are also expected to be included

Heat-sink design is mandatory wherever necessary

Transformer design steps are expected

Assignment 2: Design of Data Acquisition System

Multi-channel data acquisition systems

Serial communication/ EEPROM storage/SD card storage

RTC interface, LCD display, Push-button /Matrix Keyboard

DC motor driver, relay driver

Note:

Sub-circuit designs are also expected except for power supply sub-system

Micro-controller programming is expected (cross-compiler/assembly language)

Dual polarity output (Flyback/ Push-pull)

Note:

Heat-sink design is mandatory wherever necessary

High frequency transformer design steps are expected

Sub-systems like start-up circuit are expected to be designed

Second-order LPF/HPF/BRF/BPF

State variable filter design/ Biquad

Note:

Reference Books

6. Practical design of power supplies , Ron Lenk, John Wiley & Sons, 2005, ISBN: 978-008-097138-4

1. Intuitive Analog Circuit Design A Problem-Solving Approach using Design Case

Studies, Marc T. Thompson, Elsevier Inc, 2006,ISBN-10: 0-7506-7786-4

2. Linear Circuit Design Handbook, Hank Zumbahlen, Elsevier Inc, 2008 , ISBN 978-07506-8703-4

3. The Circuit Designers Companion, Peter Wilson, Elsevier Ltd, 2012

4. Switching Power Supply Design ,3E, Abraham I. Pressman et. al, The McGraw-Hill

Companies, 2009

5. Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, John G. Webster, CRC Press,

1999

6. Electronic Filter Design Handbook,4E, Arthur Williams, Fred Taylor, McGraw-Hill

,2006

Course Objectives:

To understand various source coding techniques for data compression

To understand various channel coding techniques and their capability.

To analyze performance of communication system with coding and modulation.

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

Perform information theoretic analysis of communication system.

Design a data compression scheme using suitable source coding technique.

Design a channel coding scheme for a communication system.

Evaluate performance of a communication system.

PEO I: Preparation.

POs: a, c, d, e, k

PEO II: Core competency.

PEO III: Breadth.

7L

Introduction to information theory, Entropy and its properties, Source coding theorem, Huffman

coding, Shannon-Fano coding, The Lempel Ziv algorithm, Run Length Encoding, Discrete

memory less channel, Mutual information, Examples of Source coding-Audio and Video

Compression. Case Study: Huffmans coding in image compression/Detail overview of JPEG.

8L

Channel capacity, Channel coding theorem, Differential entropy and mutual Information for

continuous ensembles, Information Capacity theorem, Linear Block Codes:Syndrome and error

detection, Error detection and correction capability, Standard array and syndrome decoding,

Encoding and decoding circuit, Single parity check codes, Repetition codes and dual codes,

Hamming code, Golay Code, Interleaved code. Case Study: Shannons Publications on

information theory.

8L

Galois field, Primitive element & Primitive polynomial, Minimal polynomial and generator

polynomial, Description of Cyclic Codes, Generator matrix for systematic cyclic code, Encoding

for cyclic code, Syndrome decoding of cyclic codes, Circuit implementation of cyclic code.

7L

Binary BCH code,Generator polynomial for BCH code, Decoding of BCH code, RS codes,

generator polynomial for RS code, Decoding of RS codes, Cyclic Hamming code and Golay

code, CRC code, FEC and ARQ systems. Case Study: RS Coding in CD recording. Case Study:

CRC used in Ethernet LAN.

7L

Generator matrix of convolution code, Tree diagram, Trellis diagram, Sequential decoding and

Viterbi decoding, Known good convolution code, Introduction to LDPC and Turbo codes.

8L

bandwidth, Shannon Hartley theorem, Bandwidth efficiency plane, Modulation and coding

tradeoffs, Defining, designing and evaluating digital communication system.Trellis Coded

Modulation:Concept of TCM and Euclidean distance, Asymptotic coding gain, Mapping by set

partitioning, Ungerboecks TCM design rule. Case Study : TCM used in MODEMs

Text Books

5. Ranjan Bose, Information Theory coding and Cryptography, McGraw-Hill Publication,

2nd Edition

6. J C Moreira, P G Farrell, Essentials of Error-Control Coding, Wiley Student Edition.

Reference Books

7. BernadSklar, Digital Communication Fundamentals & applications, Pearson

Education. Second Edition.

8. Simon Haykin, Communication Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Fourth Edition.

9. Shu lin and Daniel j, Cistellojr., Error control Coding Pearson, 2nd Edition.

10. Todd Moon, Error Correction Coding : Mathematical Methods and Algorithms, Wiley

Publication

11. Khalid Sayood, Introduction to Data compression, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers

Course Objectives:

To formulate and solve the Helmholtz wave equation and solve it for Uniform plane

wave

To analyze and understand the Uniform plane wave propagation in various media

To solve the electric field and magnetic fields for a given wire antenna.

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

Formulate the wave equation and solve it for uniform plane wave

Analyze the given wire antenna and its radiation characteristics

Identify the suitable antenna for a given communication system

PEO I: Preparation.

POs:

a, c, e, f,k

PEO III: Breadth.

8L

Maxwell Equations in phasor form, Wave Equation, Uniform Plane wave in Homogeneous, free

space, dielectric, conducting medium. Polarization: Linear, circular & Elliptical polarization,

unpolarized wave. Reflection of plane waves, Normal incidence, oblique incidence,

Electromagnetic Power and Poynting theorem and vector.

8L

Fundamental equations for free space propagation, Friis Transmission equation. Attenuation over

reflecting surface, Effect of earths curvature. Ground, sky & space wave propagations. Structure

of atmosphere. Characteristics of ionized regions. Effects of earths magnetic field. Virtual

height, MUF, Skip distance. Ionospheric abnormalities. Multi-hoppropagation. Space link

Bandwidth, and Coherence Time.

6L

radiation power density, radiation intensity, directivity, gain, antenna efficiency, half power

beam width, bandwidth, antenna polarization, input impedance, antenna radiation efficiency,

effective length, effective area, reciprocity. Radiation Integrals: Vector potentials A, J, F, M,

Electric and magnetic fields electric and magnetic current sources, solution of inhomogeneous

vector potential wave equation, far field radiation

6L

Analysis of Linear and Loop antennas: Infinitesimal dipole, small dipole, and finite length dipole

half wave length dipole, small circular loop antenna. Complete Analytical treatment of all these

elements.

6L

Antenna Arrays: Two element array, pattern multiplication N-element linear array, uniform

amplitude and spacing, broad side and end-fire array, N-element array: Uniform spacing, non

uniform amplitude, array factor, binomial and DolphTchebyshev array. Planar Array, Circular

Array, Log Periodic Antenna, YagiUda Antenna Array

6L

following Antennas: Hertz & Marconi antennas, V- Antenna, Rhombic antenna. TW antennas.

Loop antenna, Whip antenna, Biconical, Helical, Horn, Slot, Microstrip, Turnstile, Super

turnstile & Lens antennas. Antennas with parabolic reflectors

Text Books

8. Mathew N O Sadiku, Elements of Electromagnetics 3rd edition, Oxford University

Press

Reference Books

12. John D Kraus, Ronald J Marhefka, Ahmad S Khan, Antennas for All Applications, 3rd

Edition, TheMcGraw Hill Companies.

13. K. D. Prasad, Antenna & Wave Propagation, SatyaPrakashan, New Delhi.

14. John D Kraus, Antenna& Wave Propagation, 4th Edition, McGraw Hill, 2010.

15. Vijay K Garg, Wireless Communications and Netwoking, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers,

An Imprint of Elsevier, 2008.

Embedded Processors

Course Objectives:

To understand need of ARM7& ARM CORTEX processors in embedded system.

To understand architecture and features of typical ARM7& ARM CORTEX

Microcontroller.

To learn interfacing of real world input and output devices

To study need and advantages of soft cores in designing SOC based applications.

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

Learn use of ARM Microcontrollers in designing embedded applications

Learn use of soft core & DSP processors in industrial applications

Various 32 processor architectures X86, MIPS, 68K AND ARM.

80386 architecture, register set, concept of descriptor, real, protected and virtual modes. Virtual

memory, Memory management, segmentation and paging. Superscalar architecture of Pentium

and Pentium multicore processors.

Unit2: ARM7, ARM9, ARM11 processors

ARM processors versions, ARM7, ARM9 & ARM11 features, advantages & suitability in

embedded application. ARM7 data flow model, programmers model, modes of operations.

Instruction set, programming in assembly language.

ARM CORTEX series features, improvement over classical series & advantages for embedded

system design. CORTEX A, CORTEX M, CORTEX R processors series, versions, features &

applications Need of operating system in developing complex applications in embedded system.

Desired features of operating system & hardware support from processor. Interfacing of

CORTEX based controllers using CMSIS standard. Survey of CORTEX based controllers, its

features and comparison.

Use of ARM BASED controller interfacing with LCD, GLCD, KEYPAD, and timer, ADC,

interfacing GSM, GPS, and finger print module using embedded c program.

Concept of USB & Ethernet based communication using microcontrollers

Use of M CORTEX M3 BASED Controller with CAN, TFT, SD CARD, USB, ETHERNET

applications in embedded c

Unit6: introduction to DSP controllers & soft cores

Survey of DSP processors, typical DSP based controllers architecture & its features

Industrial applications of DSP controllers. Concept of soft core on FPGA, advantages &

application in SOC. Study of typical FPGA processor core such as NIOS II, Micro blaze etc.

Text Books:

1.

Barry Bray The Intel Microprocessors: Architecture, Programming and Interfacing 8th

Edition by Pearson Education.

2.

Ref Books:

2 .LPC 2148 User manual www.nxp.com

3 .LPC 1768 User manual www.nxp.com

INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT

Course Objectives:

To understand concept of Quality Management, Financial Management and Project

Management.

To learn Human Resource Management as one of the major tasks in industry.

To promote Entrepreneurship.

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

Get motivation for Entrepreneurship

PEO I: Preparation.

PEO II: Core competency.

PEO III: Breadth.

POs:

a, c, e, f

PEO I: Preparation.

PEO II: Core competency.

PEO III: Breadth.

POs:

a, c, e, f

6L

Introduction, Definition of management, characteristics of management, functions of

management - Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing, Co-ordination, Controlling,

Motivating, Communication, Decision Making, Principles of management F.W.Taylor,

Henry Fayol, Elton Mayo, Administration and management, Nature of management,

levels of management, scientific management, managerial roles, Forms of OrganizationLine , Line staff,committee etc, Distinction between Traditional organization and

Modern organization, concept of Globalization

Unit II Quality Management

6L

Definition of quality, goalpost view of quality, continuous improvement definition of

quality, types of quality quality of design, conformance and performance, phases of

quality management, Jurans and Demings view of quality, Quality Management

Assistance Tools: Ishikawa diagram Pareto Analysis Pokka Yoke (Mistake

Proofing).quality circles, TQM, Kaizen, Five S (5S), Six sigma Quality Management

Standards (Introductory aspects only)- The ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management System

Standard

Unit III Financial & Project Management

6L

Capital Structure, Fixed & working capital, Role of Securities and Exchange Board of

India(SEBI), function of money market and capital Market, sources of finance.

Introduction to capital budgeting, Techniques of capital budgeting. Break even analysis assumptions, importance, Cost-Benefit analysis, CVP graph, Project Management,

Planning and execution of IT projects, Project network analysis, CPM, PERT and Project

crashing and resource Leveling.

Unit IV Human Resource Development

6L

Strategic importance HRM; objectives of HRM; challenges to HR professionals; role,

Responsibilities and competencies of HR professionals; HR department operations;

Human Resource Planning - objectives and process; human resource information system..

Talent acquisition; recruitment and selection strategies, career planning and management,

,training and development, investment in training programme; executive development,

Case study on Recent trends in Human Resource Development

Unit V Entrepreneurship Development

6L

Concept of entrepreneurship, Identification of business opportunities, Generation of

business idea, Business plan, Preparation of business proposal, Sources of finance

government and nongovernment agencies, Types of businesses / ownerships

Partnership, Proprietorship, Private limited company, Public limited company, Joint

stock, Co-operative society, Govt. Sector etc, Policies and incentives for small business

development, Government policies and incentives, Woman entrepreneurship, Industrial

relations, Case study on Small scale industries in India

Unit VI Management Information Systems

6L

Concept of data and information, characteristics of information, types of information,

Definition of MIS, Need, Purpose and Objectives, Contemporary Approaches to MIS,

Components of an information system, Need to study information systems, Information

as a commodity, Types of information systems, Functional Business systems sales &

marketing, Human resources, accounting, manufacturing etc. Decision-making models,

Types of decisions, Decision Support Systems, Introduction to e-commerce, types B2B,

B2C, C2B, C2C etc. Overview of ERP, Business Process Re-engineering.

Text books:

1. P. Khanna, Industrial Engineering and Management, Dhanpatrai

publications Ltd, New Delhi.

2. L.C.Jhamb , Savitri Jhamb , Industrial Management I , Everest

Publishing House .

Reference Books :

1. Waman S. Jawadekar, "Management Information Systems", Mc-Graw-Hill

Education (India) Pvt. Ltd.

2. G. S. Batra , Development of Entrepreneurship , Deep and Deep Publications,

New Delhi

3. Kenneth C. Laudon and Jane P. Laudon, Management Information Systems",

Eighth Edition, Pearson Education

4. Ashwathappa, Human Resource Management, Mc-Graw-Hill Education (India)

Pvt. Ltd.

5. M.Y. Khan and P. K. Jain, Financial Management, Mc-Graw-Hill Education

(India) Pvt. Ltd.

6. Ravi M. Kishore, Project Management, Mc-Graw-Hill Education (India) Pvt.

Ltd.

7. Pravin Kumar, Fundamentals of Engineering Economics, Wiley India

Power Electronics

Course Objectives:

To introduce students to different power devices to study their construction,

characteristics and turning on circuits.

To give an exposure to students of working & analysis of controlled rectifiers for different

loads, inverters, DC choppers, AC voltage controllers and resonant converters.

To study the different motor drives, various power electronics applications like UPS,

SMPS, etc. and some protection circuits.

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing the course students will be able to

Design & implement a triggering / gate drive circuit for a power device

Understand, perform & analyze different controlled converters.

Evaluate battery back up time & design a battery charger.

Design & implement over voltage / over current protection circuit.

6L

Construction, Steady state characteristics Power MOSFET & IGBT.

SCR ratings: IL, IH, VBO, VBR, dv/dt, di/dt, surge current & rated current.

Gate characteristics, Gate drive requirements, Synchronized UJT triggering for SCR, triggering of

SCR using IC-785, gate drive circuits for Power MOSFET / IGBT.

6L

Concept of line & forced commutation, Single phase Semi & Full converters for R, R-L loads,

Performance parameters, Effect of free wheeling diode,

Three phase Semi & Full converters for R load.

6L

Single phase bridge inverter for R & R-L load using MOSFET / IGBT, performance parameters,

single phase PWM inverters.

Three phase voltage source inverter for balanced star R load.

6L

Working principle of step down chopper for R-L load (highly inductive), control strategies.

Performance parameters, Step up chopper, 2-quadrant & 4-quadrant choppers, SMPS.

Single-phase full wave AC voltage controller with R load.

6L

ON-line and OFF line UPS with battery AH, back up time, battery charger rating.

Electronic ballast: Characteristics of fluorescent lamps and advantages over conventional

ballast.

Single phase separately excited DC motor drive, stepper motor drive, BLDC motors.

Variable voltage & variable frequency three phase induction motor drive.

Unit VI: Resonant converters & Protection of power devices & Circuits:

6L

Need for resonant converters, SLR half bridge DC/DC converter in low frequency, Concept of

zero current switching (ZCS) and zero voltage switching (ZVS) resonant converters.

Cooling & heat sinks, over voltage conditions, over voltage protection circuits, over current fault

conditions, over current protection.

Electromagnetic interference: Sources, minimizing techniques.

Text Books:

1. M. H. Rashid, Power Electronics circuits devices and applications, PHI 3rd edition, 2004

edition, New Delhi.

2. M. S. Jamil Asghar, "POWER ELECTRONICS", PHI, 2004, New Delhi

Reference Books:

1. Ned Mohan, T. Undeland & W. Robbins, Power Electronics Converters applications and

design 2nd edition, John Willey & sons, Singapore

2. U. R. Moorthi, "POWER ELECTRONICS, DEVICES, CIRCUITS & INDUSTRIAL

APPLICATIONS" , Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2005

3. P.C. Sen, Modern Power Electronics, S Chand & Co New Delhi.

4. "GE SCR MANUAL" 6th edition, General Electric, New York, USA

5. Dr. P. S. Bimbhra, Power Electronics, Khanna Publishers, Delhi.

6. Nagrath Kothari, Electrical Machines, TMH.

2. Interfacing LPC2148 for internal ADC on interrupt basis at regular interval generated by Timer

3. Interfacing SD card to LPC2148

4. Interfacing EEPROM to LPC2148 using I2C protocol

5. Generation of PWM signal for motor control using LPC1768

6. Interfacing TFT display to LPC2148

7. Implementing CAN protocol using LPC1768

8. Implementing ETHERNET protocol using LPC1768

9. High precision ADC interfacing using PSOC

10. Interfacing any controller on FPGA such as NIOS on ALTERA or MICROBLAZE on XILINX

using EDK tool

1) Characteristics of SCR

i) Plot V-I characteristics

ii) Observe the effect of gate current

ii) Measure IH & IL

2) V-I Characteristics of MOSFET / IGBT

i) Plot output characteristics

ii) Plot transfer characteristics

3) Triggering circuit for SCR (Using UJT or IC-785)

i) Verify the range of firing angle

ii) Turn on the SCR, observe waveforms across load & SCR

4) Single phase Semi / Full Converter with R & R-L load

i) Observe load voltage waveform,

ii) Measurement of firing angle, average o/p voltage across loads,

iii) verification of theoretical values with practically measured values.

5) Single-Phase PWM bridge inverter for R load

i) Observe output rms voltage waveforms,

6) Step down dc chopper using power MOSFET / IGBT

i) Measure duty cycle and observer effect on average load voltage for DC chopper

8) Single phase AC voltage controller using SCRs for R load

i) Observe output rms voltage waveforms,

ii) Measurement of firing angle, o/p voltage across load,

iii) verification of theoretical values with practically measured values.

9) Speed control of DC motor / stepper motor / ac motor

i) Speed control of DC motor using armature voltage control / field control method.

Measure RPM and plot graph of speed versus armature voltage and field current

OR

ii) Study drive circuit for stepper motor- phase sequencing and microstepping

OR

iii) Plot speed-torque characteristic of three phase induction motor.

10) To study over voltage / over current protection circuit.

Communications LAB

Information Theory & Coding Techniques

Note:

1. Perform any 9 experiments from the given list

2. Experiments are to performed using suitable software like C/C++, Matlab, Octave,

Labview, Scilab etc.

3. Minimum 2 experiments are to be implemented in C/C++.

Sr. no.

1

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Write a program for determination of various entropies and mutual information of a given

channel. Test various types of channel such as

a) Noise free channel.

b) Error free channel

c) Binary symmetric channel

d) Noisy channel

Compare channel capacity of above channels.

Write a program for generation and evaluation of variable length source

codingusingC/MATLAB (Any 2)

a) Shannon Fanocodingand decoding

b) Huffman Coding and decoding

c) Lempel Ziv Coding and decoding

Write a Program for coding & decoding of Linear block codes.

Write a Program for coding & decoding of Cyclic codes.

Write a program for coding and decoding of convolutional codes

Write a program forcoding and decoding of BCH and RS codes.

Write a program to study performance of a coded and uncodedcommunication system

(Calculate the error probability)

Write a simulation program to implement source coding and channel coding for

transmitting a text file.

Implementation of any compression algorithm for either audio, image or video data.

Implement a model of communication system based on Spread Spectrum Communication

System

Group A

To Measure Radiation pattern, Return Loss, Impedance, Gain, Beam width for the following

antennas

(Any Five)

1. Dipole antenna

2. Folded Dipole

3. Yagi-Uda

4. Horn

5. Parabolic Reflector

6. Micro strip Antennas

Group B

Plot Standing Wave pattern and Measure SWR for open, short and matched termination

Group C

MATLAB/C/Scilab Simulation of following antenna arrays (Plotting radiation pattern)

1. Broad side linear array with uniform spacing and amplitude

2. End fire linear array with uniform spacing and amplitude

3. Binomial array

4. Dolph-Tchebyshev

Any three of above experiments from Group C to be carried out byusing any EM simulation

software (compulsory).

Course Objectives:

To undertake & execute a Mini Project through a group of students.

To understand the Product Development Cycle through Mini Project.

To plan for various activities of the project and distribute the work amongst team members.

To learn budget planning for the project.

To inculcate electronic hardware implementation skills by a. Learning PCB artwork design using an appropriate EDA tool.

b. Imbibing good soldering and effective trouble-shooting practices.

c. Following correct grounding and shielding practices.

d. Knowing the significance of aesthetics & ergonomics while designing electronic product.

To develop students abilities to transmit technical information clearly and test the same by

delivery of Seminar based on the Mini Project.

To understand the importance of document design by compiling Technical Report on the

Mini Project work carried out.

Course Outcomes:

After successfully completing this course, the student shall be able to:

Understand, plan and execute a Mini Project with team.

Implement electronic hardware by learning PCB artwork design, soldering techniques,

trouble shooting etc.

Prepare a technical report based on the Mini project.

Deliver technical seminar based on the Mini Project work carried out.

PEO I: Preparation.

POs: b, c, f, g

PEO II: Core competency.

PEO III: Breadth.

Guidelines:

Project group shall consist of not more than 3 students per group.

Suggested Plan for various activities to be monitored by the teacher.

Week 1 & 2: Formation of groups, Finalization of Mini project & Distribution of work.

Week 3 & 4: PCB artwork design using an appropriate EDA tool, Simulation.

Week 5 & 6: Hardware assembly, Testing

Week 9 & 10: Preparation, Checking & Correcting of the Draft Copy of Report

Week 11 & 12: Demo and Group presentations

Project designs ideas can be necessarily adapted from recent issues of electronic design

magazines Application notes from well known component manufacturers may also be

referred.

Hardware component is mandatory.

Layout versus schematic verification is mandatory.

Domains for projects may be from the following , but not limited to:

Instrumentation and Control Systems

Electronic Communication Systems

Biomedical Electronics

Power Electronics

Audio , Video Systems

Embedded Systems

Mechatronic Systems

Microcontroller based projects should preferably use Microchip PIC controllers.

A project report with following contents shall be prepared:

Title

Specifications

Block diagram

Circuit diagram

Selection of components

Simulation results

PCB artwork

Layout versus schematic verification report

Testing procedures

Enclosure design

Test results

Conclusion

References

For the enhancement of Technical Communication Skills, it is advised to refer to the

following or any other good book.

1. Meenakshi Raman, Sangeeta Sharma, Technical Communication, Principles and

Practice, Oxford University Press

2. M Ashraf Rizvi, Effective Technical Communication, Tata McGraw Hill Education

Pvt. Ltd.

3. C Muralikrishna, Sunita Mishra, Communication Skills for Engineers, Pearson

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