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General English

Active & Passive Voice

How to change from Active voice to Passive.

1. Only a transitive verb can be changed into the passive

2. The object in the active voice becomes the subject in the passive voice, and the subject in the active voice comes after the verb of the passive.

3. The verb of the Active Voice should be changed to its past participle form, preceded by auxiliaries according to the tense of the Active Voice and according to the subject of the Passive.

4. Use been with perfect tenses and be with the Future tense.

5. Use being with continuous tense.

6. Personal pronouns should be changed into their objective case form.

Active

Passive

Simple Present

She plays chess Chess is played by her Present Continuous

She is playing chess

Chess is being played by her

Simple Past She played chess Chess was played by her Past Continuous

She was playing chess Chess was being played by her Past Perfect

She had played chess

Chess had been played by her

Simple future

She will play chess Chess will be played by her Future Perfect

She will have played chess

Chess will have been played by her.

Most of the auxiliary verbs can be used like will. eg : She can understand it It can be understood by her When the object is not given, we can start sentence with it. Eg : It has been decided It, is agreed Changing interrogative Sentence

Interrogative sentences beginning with the helping verbs do, does, did, are made passive with forms of “be”. The same tense and structure must be retained.

1. Who gave you that pen ? By whom was that pen given ?

2. Who sent this letter ?

By whom was this letter sent ? Changing Imperative Sentences Any imperative sentence gives the idea of a command, order or request. It can be changed into passive in two ways.

1. By using let ––––––––– be.

2. By changing it to “You are requested to / ordered to”.

(2) You are requested to despatch the letter

2. Listen to Me (1) Let me be listened to (2) You are requested to listen to me

PRACTICE TEST

Direction : Choose the appropriate form of verb to make a meaningful passive voice

1. She was ––––– by her friends.

(1) given

(2) gave

(3) give

2. Let the “Bible” be ––––– by Christians.

(1) reading

3. My pen has –––––. (1) stolen

(2) reads

(2) been stolen

(3)read

(3) been stole (4) stole

(4) gives

(4)readed

4. The cricket match was ––––– by Doordashan yesterday.

(1) telecast

(2) broadcast

(3) telecasted

5. My purse ––––––. (1) has stolen (2)hasbeenstolen

(3) will steal (4) will be stealing

6. English ––––––– all over the world. (1) speaks (2) is speaking

(3) is spoken

(4) was spoken

7. Jesus –––––– by milions of Christians.

(1) was admired

(3) admired (4) none of these

(2) is admired

(4) broadcasted

8. The emergency period in India ––––––– by Indira Gandhi is 1975.

(1)

(3) declared

was declared

(2)

(4) none of these

is declared

9. The police arrested him.

(1)

He is arrested by the police

(2)

He was arrested by the police

(3)

He arrested the police

(4)

None of these

10. He kept me waiting. (1) I am kept waiting by him

(2) I will be kept waiting by him (3) I was kept waiting, by him (4) I kept waiting by him

11. They will do it

(1)

It is done by them

(2)

It will done

(3)

It will be done by them

(4)

It shall be done by them

12. We are enjoying the music

(1)

The music is enjoyed by us

(2)

The music was enjoyed by us

(3)

The music is being enjoyed by us

(4)

The music was being enjoyed by us

13. We expect good news. (1) Good news are expected

(2)

Good news is expected

(3)

Good news are being expected

(4)

None of these

14. We prohibit smoking.

(1)

Smoking prohibited by us

(2)

Smoking is prohibited by us

(3)

Smoking is prohibited by us

(4)

None of these

15. People will forget it

(1)

It will be forgotten

(2)

It shall be forgotten

(3)

It will forget

(4)

None of these

16. The enemy have defeated our army

(1)

Our army has been defeated by the enemy

(2)

Our army have been defeated the enemy

(3)

Our army, had been defeated by the enemy

(4)

None of these

17. All his friends laughed at him

(1)

He was laughed at

(2)

He is laughed at

(3)

He has been laughed at

(4)

None of these

18. He will complete the course

(1)

The course will be completed by him

(2)

The course will be completing next year by him

(3)

All

(4)

None of these

19. She was singing songs.

(1)

Songs was sung by her

(2)

Songs were being sung by her

(3)

Songs was being sung by her

(4)

None of these

Answers

1.

(1)

2.

(3)

3.

(2)

4. (1)

5.(2)

6.

(3)

7.

(2)

8.

(1)

9. (2)

10.(3)

11.

(3)

12.

(3)

13.

(2)

14.(1)

15.(1)

16.

(1)

17.

(1)

18.

(1)

19.(2)