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Nama : Ahmad Zaky Muyaman

Nim

: 14511359

Kelas : C ( Bahasa Inggris )

Homework
1. What a part of speech?
Parts of Speech dalam bahasa Inggris berarti jenis-jenis kata atau kelas-kelas kata. Disebut
Parts of Speech kerena merupakan bagian-bagian dari ucapan atau bagian-bagian kalimat
(ingat, pada dasarnya kalimat dalam bahasa adalah kalimat yang diucapkan, bukan dituliskan)
karena kata-kata ini merupakan suatu entitas yang diperlukan untuk membentuk sebuah
kalimat, tanpa melihat apa tugas atau fungsinya masing-masing. Jadi, kata-kata itu
merupakan bahan dasar di dalam sebuah bangunan kalimat(bagian-bagian mendasar dari
kalimat bahasa Inggris). Ada delapan part of speech, yaitu: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective,
adverb, preposition, conjunction, dan interjection.
Parts of speech are the basic types of words that English has. Most grammar books say that
there are eight parts of speech: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, conjunctions,
prepositions and interjections.
Here is a brief explanation of what the parts of speech are:
Noun

Verb

Adjectiv
e
Adverb

A noun is a naming word. It names a person, place, thing, idea,


living creature, quality, or action.
Examples: cowboy, theatre, box, thought, tree, kindness, arrival
A verb is a word which describes an action (doing something) or a
state (being something).
Examples: walk, talk, think, believe, live, like, want
An adjective is a word that describes a noun. It tells you something
about the noun.
Examples: big, yellow, thin, amazing, beautiful, quick, important
An adverb is a word which usually describes a verb. It tells you how
something is done. It may also tell you when or where something
happened.
Examples: slowly, intelligently, well, yesterday, tomorrow, here,
everywhere

Pronoun

A pronoun is used instead of a noun, to avoid repeating the noun.


Examples: I, you, he, she, it, we, they

Conjunc
tion
Preposit
ion

A conjunction joins two words, phrases or sentences together.


Examples: but, so, and, because, or
A preposition usually comes before a noun, pronoun or noun
phrase. It joins the noun to some other part of the sentence.
Examples: on, in, by, with, under, through, at
An interjection is an unusual kind of word, because it often stands
alone. Interjections are words which express emotion or surprise,
and they are usually followed by exclamation marks.

Interject
ion

Examples: Ouch!, Hello!, Hurray!, Oh no!, Ha!

2. Give example for each part of speech


Noun

: car, police, teacher, sky, etc.


Your book is on the table.

Verb

: talk, think, believe, live, like, want, etc.


I drive a car very slowly
We need to improve out speaking skill.

Adjective : Sad, happy, beautiful, crazy, patient, polite, handsome, etc.


She is happy
I have a funny cat.
That is a wonderful idea.
Adverb

: slowly, intelligently, well, yesterday, tomorrow, here, everywhere, etc.


I want to visit her now.
She is studying English seriously.

Pronoun : I, you, he, she, it, we, they, this, those, none.
It is on the table
Conjunction : but, both and, although, however, etc.
She had gone home before I met her last night.
They will come to my house and his house to have a meal.
Preposition

: on, in, by, with, under, through, at


My cat sleeps under the tree.
She put the book on the table.

Interjection

: Ouch!, Hello!, Hurray!, Oh no!, Ha!


Ouch! It hurts, you know!!
Hello, My name is Dhila.

3. Give example for each part of speech


Contoh Kalimat Part of Speech
Noun (Kata benda)
book, house, car, love;
Your book is on the table.
Pronoun (Kata ganti)
I, you, she, this, those, none;
It is on the table.
Verb (Kata kerja)
hit, touch, write;
You hit the nail on the head.
Adjective (Kata sifat)
a beautiful girl, the expensive car
Vina is a beautiful girl.
Adverb (Kata keterangan)
yesterday, quickly, very, maybe, always, there, just
They met by chance yesterday.
Preposition (Kata depan)
in the classroom, on
the floor
Is sleeping on the floor good for my back?
Conjunction (Kata sambung)
but, both and, although, however;
I like that car, but I dont have enough money to buy it.
Interjection
Alas, he failed.
Oy! Look at me!

Pengertian Part of Speech

Contoh Kalimat Part of Speech

Noun (Kata benda)


book, house, car, love;
Part of speech ini digunakan untuk
menamai orang, benda, hewan, tempat,
dan konsep abstrak.

Your book is on the table.


(Bukumu di atas meja.)

Pronoun (Kata ganti)


Pronoun digunakan untuk
menggantikan noun.
Part of speech ini bermanfaat untuk
menghindari repetisi penggunaannoun.

I, you, she, this, those, none;


It is on the table.
(Itu di atas meja.)

Verb (Kata kerja)


hit, touch, write;
Part of speech ini digunakan untuk
menunjukkan tindakan
darisubject, menunjukkan peristiwa,
atau keadaan.

You hit the nail on the head.


(idiom: melakukan sesuatu dengan cara
paling efektif.)

Adjective (Kata sifat)


a beautiful girl, the expensive car
Part of speech ini digunakan untuk
menerangkan noun atau pronoun.

Vina is a beautiful girl.


(Vina adalah gadis yang cantik.)

Adverb (Kata keterangan)


Part of speech ini digunakan untuk
menerangkan verb, adjective, maupuna
dverb lain. Macammacamadverb antara lain:

adverb of time

adverb of manner

adverb of degree

adverb of modality

adverb of frequency

adverb of place

adverb of focus

yesterday, quickly, very, maybe, always,


there, just

They met by chance yesterday.


(Mereka bertemu tidak sengaja kemarin.)

Preposition (Kata depan)


Part of speech ini dikombinasikan
dengan noun atau pronoun untuk
membentuk phrase (prepositional
phrase) yang
menerangkan verb,noun, atau adjective

in the classroom, on
the floor
Is sleeping on the floor good for my back?
(Apakah tidur di lantai baik untuk
punggung saya?)

Conjunction (Kata sambung)


Part of speech ini digunakan untuk
menghubungkan dua kata,
frasa (phrase), klausa (clause), atau
paragraf (paragraph). Kata ini
terbagi menjadi:

coordinate conjunction

correlative conjunction

subordinate conjunction

adverbial conjunction

but, both and, although, however;

I like that car, but I dont have enough


money to buy it.
(Saya suka mobil itu, tapi saya tidak
punya cukup uang untuk
membelinya.)
Interjection

Interjection merupakan ucapan


pendek digunakan untuk
mengungkapkan emosi.

Alas, he failed.
Oy! Look at me!