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7/29/2014

Preferred fits and tolerances (Metric) - Ames

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PREFERRED FITS AND TOLERANCES (ISO & ANSI METRIC STANDARDS)

CALCULATORS
Compression Member Design
Decibel Operations
Engineering Unit Converter

Preferred metric tolerances and fits for hole and shaft basis systems which are given in ISO 286-1 (2010) and ANSI
B4.2-1978 standards are summarized in the following tables. The usage of these tolerances is advised for

Fastener Dimensions

economic reasons.
Hertzian Contact Calculator

Supplement: Preferred Fits Advised By ISO And ANSI Standards


ISO Symbol
Hole
Basis

Description

Shaft
Basis

Limits, Fits and Tolerances


Mechanical Springs
Screw Thread Calculators

Loose running fit for wide commercial tolerances or allowances on


H11/c11 C11/h11
external members.

H9/d9

Clearance
Fits

H8/f7

D9/h9

F8/h7

Free running fit not for use where accuracy is essential, but good for
large temperature variations, high running speeds, or heavy journal
pressures.

Close running fit for running on accurate machines and for accurate
location at moderate speeds and journal pressures.

Sectional Properties Calculator


SDOF Vibration Calculator
Sinusoidal Motion Calculator
Stress Concentration Factors
Stress/Strain Analysis

H7/g6

H7/h6

G7/h6

Sliding fit not intended to run freely, but to move and turn freely and
locate accurately.

H7/h6

Locational clearance fit provides snug fit for locating stationary parts;
but can be freely assembled and disassembled.

Torsional Stress Calculator

LIMITS, FITS AND


TOLERANCES
Limits and Fits Calculator (ANSI)

H7/k6

K7/h6

Locational transition fit for accurate location, a comprimise between


clearance and interference.

Transition
Fits

Limits and Fits Calculator (ISO)

N7/h6

Locational transition fit for more accurate location where greater


interference is permissible.

H7/p6

P7/h6

Locational interference fit for parts requiring rigidity and allignment


with prime accuracy of location but without special bore pressure
requirements.

H7/s6

S7/h6

Medium drive fit for ordinary steel parts or shrink fits on light sections,
the tightest fit usable with cast iron.

H7/u6

U7/h6

Force fit suitable for parts which can be highly stressed or for shrink
fits where the heavy pressing forces required are impractical.

H7/n6

Interference
Fits

Preferred Limits and Fits (Inch)

Preferred Fits (Metric)


Interference (Press & Shrink) Fit
Formulas for Interference Fit

Preferred fits table (ANSI B4.2-1978)

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7/29/2014

Preferred fits and tolerances (Metric) - Ames


Tolerance classes for shafts

Basic
Hole

Clearance Fits

H6
H7

f6

H8
H9

Transition Fits
g5

h5

js5

k5

m5

g6

h6

js6

k6

m6

e7

f7

h7

js7

k7

m7

d8

e8

f8

h8

d8

e8

f8

h8

e9

H10

b9

c9

d9

H11

b11

c11

d10

Interference Fits
n5

n6

p5
p6

r6 s6 t6

u6

s7

u7

x6

h9
h10

Preferable fits of the hole-basis system (ISO 286-1:2010)

Tolerance classes for holes

Basic
Shaft

Clearance Fits

h5
h6
h7
h8

h9

D9
D9
B11

C10

Transition Fits
G6

H6

JS6

K6 M6

F7 G7

H7

JS7

K7 M7 N7

E8 F8

H8

E9 F9

H9

E8 F8

H8

E9 F9

D10

Interference Fits
N6 P6
P7 R7 S7 T7 U7

X7

H9
H10

Preferable fits of the shaft-basis system (ISO 286-1:2010)

Note: For economic reasons, the first choice for a fit should, whenever possible, be made from the tolerance
classes shown with green color.

Supplements:
Link

Usage

Limits, fits and


tolerance calculator

Limits, fits and tolerance calculator (metric unit) is designed to calculate the
limits, fits and tolerances according to ISO 286(2010) and ANSI B4.2 (1978)
standards.

Reference:
IS0 286-1 (2010) Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes - Part 1:
Basis of tolerances, deviations and fits
IS0 286-2 (2010) Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - ISO code system for tolerances on linear sizes - Part 2:
Tables of standard tolerance classes and limit deviations for holes and shafts
ANSI/ASME B4.2 (1978) Preferred Metric Limits and Fits

Co p yr ig h t 2013-2014 | Ab o u t u s | Co n tact u s | Disclaime r | Pr iv acy Po licy

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